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'L'l B RAHY 

OF THL 

UN IVLRSITY 

OF ILLINOIS 

355.22 

oop- 4 



ILL. HiST. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign 



http://www.archive.org/details/selectiveserviceOOkleb 



Selective Service 
in Illinois 



1940 - 1947 



The publication of this volume was au- 
thorized by the Sixty-Fifth General As- 
sembly of the State of Illinois. The 
funds appropriated for the production 
of the book were allotted to the Gov- 
ernor's Office. 



SELECTIVE SERVICE 

IN ILLINOIS 

1940-1947 



A complete history of the operation of 
the Selective Service System in Illinois 
from its inception on September 16, 1940 
to its termination on March 31, 1947 




Written and compiled by 

COL. VICTOR KLEBER, A.G.D. 

formerly Deputy State Director 
Illinois Selective Service System 



PRINTED BY AUTHORITY OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS 



Service in the measure of that given by the personnel of the Illinois 
Selective Service System in America's crucial emergency and war period 
could be achieved only as the result of great patriotic urge. Volunteer per- 
sonnel gave freely of their time without thought of material gain. Compen- 
sated personnel toiled hours far beyond the time requirements of their jobs. 
The only purpose of all was to do a job that was vital to the freedom and 
well-being of their Nation. 

Time was, by no means, the limit of contribution by these staunch citizens 
of Illinois. The quality of their efforts was unsurpassed, their judgment unex- 
celled and their integrity unswerving. In spite of difficult and sometimes heart- 
breaking decisions, and in the face of almost insurmountable obstacles, all 
carried on faithfully. 

Little wonder, then, that the State of Illinois and all its citizens are 
profoundly grateful to their fellow men and women who achieved such a 
magnificent record in the administration of Selective Service in this State. 
It is indeed most fitting that, through this history of Selective Service 
operation in Illinois, posterity shall know of their glorious achievement 
which not only helped Illinois contribute more than her proportionate share 
of manpower to the armed forces but also was a definite factor in our State 
establishing enviable records of wartime industrial and agricultural production. 

As the Governor who had the privilege of being the nominal head of 
Selective Service in Illinois during World War II, I congratulate State 
Director Paul G. Armstrong and his thousands of loyal associates and extend 
to them my most sincere personal thanks for their unselfish, patriotic service. 




Governor of Illinois. 
December 15, 1948. 



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HERBERT GEORG PHOTO 

HON. DWIGHT H. GREEN 
Governor, State of Illinois — 1941-1948 



Upon receiving the sad news of the death of Governor Henry Horner, I 
was called upon by the Adjutant General of Illinois to recommend a selection 
of the various members of the Selective Service System for the State of Illinois, 
and it became my responsibility to recommend citizens to serve on the Boards 
who were to select our young men for military service. 

In the defense program and later in the war effort of our Nation, the 
prime requisites as recommended by Washington were integrity, intelligence, 
fairmindedness and courage. It was no less important that those in their 
official duties be entirely free of political influence, racial prejudice and 
religious intolerance. None of these latter matters could be allowed to enter 
into decisions which, in a collective sense, affected the lives of almost every 
man, woman and child in the State. 

Realizing the responsibility, I called upon individuals whom I had known 
in The American Legion of Illinois for the twenty years prior to 1940. I 
called these from a group of 101 downstate counties at Springfield, and from 
Cook County at Chicago, and these men were told of the objective that was 
wanted by the high officials of the Selective Service in Washington. 

The magnificent record attained by the Illinois Selective Service System 
was, in itself, the highest possible tribute that could be paid to the way that 
the members of the Boards were selected. They proved their ability, fairness 
and courage. The Selective Service Boards, from the State Director, Paul G. 
Armstrong, down to every individual who served on Local Boards, all of 
whom gave loyal and unselfish, patriotic service, constituted a vital factor in 
America's emerging victorious from a terrible war that threatened our very 
existence. 

I know that every other citizen of Illinois joins me in expressing profound 
gratitude to them for their momentous service during this trying time of need. 




Former Governor of Illinois. 
December 17, 1948 




PHOTO BY BRETZMAN 



HON. JOHN STELLE 
Governor, State of Illinois — 1940 




HERBERT GEORG PHOTO 



THE LATE BRIG. GEN. LAWRENCE V. REGAN 

Former Adjutant General, State of Illinois 



viii 




MOFFETT PHOTO 



THE LATE HON. HENRY HORNER 
Governor, State of Illinois — 1933-1940 



Time after time — in the press, on the radio, and on the public stand — I 
have paid generous tribute to the loyalty, intelligence and ability of the 
patriotic citizens who were associated with me in the operation of the Selective 
Service System from 1940 to 1947. Yet, any words I might have used then, 
or could use now, fall hopelessly short of expressing my real feelings of 
gratitude. 

No one knows better than I the ceaseless toil of the workers, the tremen- 
dous personal sacrifices they made, the forging ahead in their tasks in spite 
of countless difficulties and critical decisions, their high purpose and their 
unwavering loyalty to their country's cause. 

The President of the United States did me great honor by conferring upon 
me the Medal of Merit in appreciation of the exceptional record which the 
Selective Service System achieved. Personally, as State Director, I was only 
the symbol of a great body of faithful men and women whose efforts — and 
theirs alone — made possible the opportunity for my receiving special honors. 
In fact, I was privileged to accept the Medal for Merit on behalf of my loyal 
associates who were the real earners of any acknowledgment for outstanding 
performance of duties. 

Again, I am happy to express my deepest gratitude to my staff, the Local 
and Appeal Board Members, the Government Appeal Agents, the Examining 
Physicians and Dentists, the Medical Advisory Board Members, the Members 
of the Registrant's Advisory Boards, the Reemployment Committeemen, the 
compensated personnel, and the many other citizens who rendered special 
voluntary services to the System. The memories of my association with them 
will always be one of my most treasured possessions. 



State Director of Selective Service. 



December 16, 1948 




KAUFMAN & FABRY PHOTO 



COL. PAUL G. ARMSTRONG 
State Director of Selective Service 



XI 



My heartiest congratulations to the State of Illinois for its record of 
achievement in raising manpower for our armed forces during one of the 
most critical periods in our country's history. 

The brilliant Selective Service record of Illinois and the other States con- 
cerns the past, of course, but in certain respects it is a definite yardstick by 
which we can measure the future; and the experience should teach us a great 
many invaluable things which are of more than passing value, because our 
existence may very well depend on how well we have learned the lesson of 
those gruelling war years. 

Victory could not have been won had it not been for Selective Service, 
and the evidence is plain and irrefutable that Selective Service could not 
have functioned successfully were it not based on democratic principles 
older even than our Nation. 

If we face an uncertain future, we must not forget that there has been 
no time in our history when our future was certain. All we can do is to plan 
arduously and intelligently for a number of contingencies and resolve that 
any mistakes made in the past will not be repeated. 

That is why I so firmly believe that the Selective Service organization in 
Illinois and the other States has a job now — a job very well begun, but a 
job by no means finished. 

Director of Selective Service 
February 2, 1949 



Xll 




SIGNAL CORPS PHOTO 

MA J. GEN. LEWIS B. HERSHEY, USA 
National Director of Selective Service 



Xlll 



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 

The preparation of a history such as this volume represents more than 
the individual capabilities of the author. It is fitting, then, that I should 
acknowledge my deepest thanks to those who have been especially helpful in 
providing necessary research material and giving personal services which 
contributed to the completeness and completion of the book. 

Major Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, the able National Director of Selective 
Service, graciously gave permission to reproduce certain portions of his 
four Reports to the President and various other publications issued by National 
Headquarters. In addition, he provided special statistical information neces- 
sary to tell the full story of the Selective Service program in Illinois. I am 
indeed obligated to him for his generous helpfulness. 

I am particularly grateful to Col. Paul G. Armstrong, who established 
such an outstanding record as Illinois State Director of Selective Service 
in 1940-47, and who is again serving his country in a similar capacity. In 
the planning of the book, Colonel Armstrong gave me countless hours for 
interviews pertaining to policies to be followed. Night after night, he sacrificed 
his personal time to read and edit reams of copy. He made available to me 
important records and granted permission to use significant excerpts from 
his Final Report to the National Director. Words are inadequate to express 
fully the depth of my appreciation for his earnest and willing helpfulness, his 
patience and his encouragement. 

Space restrictions prevent my listing the names of all others who cooperated 
in less, but important, measure toward the achievement of this volume, but 
my thanks to them are none the less sincere. 

These words would be wanting were I to fail to make mention of the 
wisdom and farsightedness of Gov. Dwight H. Green and the Illinois State 
Legislature in their making available to present and future generations of 
Illinois citizens a complete history of this great State's glorious patriotic 
contribution to its Nation in time of gravest need. To Governor Green, I am 
especially thankful for the privilege of writing and compiling this historical 
volume. 

V.K. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

CHAPTER PAGE 

I. Origin and Development of Selective Service ... 1 

II. Principles of Selective Service 7 

III. Creation of the Selective Service System 15 

IV. Illinois Organizes 19 

V. Establishment of State Headquarters 25 

VI. Local Boards 59 

VII. Boards of Appeal 77 

VIII. Medical Advisory Boards , 81 

IX. Operation of State Headquarters 85 

X. Local Board Operation 91 






XI. Registration 97 

XII. Serial and Order Numbering 107 

XIII. Classification HI 

XIV. Classification in Operation 123 



XV. The Appeal Process 199 

i 

XVI. Medical Aspects of Selective Service 207 

9 XVII. Induction 229 

< XVIII. Reemployment 241 



XV 



TABLE OF CONTENTS— Continued 

CHAPTER PAGE 

XIX. Public Relations 253 

XX. Enforcement of the Law 263 

XXI. Selective Service Cost in Illinois 267 

XXII. Appreciation of Service 271 

XXIII. State Director's Recommendations 281 

L'Envoi 289 

Appendix 291 

Addenda 507 

Index 511 



CHAPTER 



ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
SELECTIVE SERVICE 

The principle of requiring able-bodied men to participate actively in the 
defense of a nation in time of war dates back almost to the beginning of man. 
From times immemorial, men have recognized the obligation to join in a 
common defense — the defense of their persons, their women and children, 
their property and their rights. Back almost to the time of Adam, father and 
brothers combined to stand off enemies of the family; later, the bond of 
unity in battle was extended to tribes and, finally, to nations. 

The first recorded history of operation of selective service principles 
can be found in the first chapter of Numbers in the Holy Bible, wherein it 
is told that Moses and Aaron registered and classified the Jews, placing 
603,550 able-bodied men in the fighting class — or, as it came to be popularly 
known in our day, Class 1-A. 

In the Roman empire, under the rule of Julius Caesar, men were drafted 
for ten years military service and were required to furnish their own equip- 
ment. When this program of conscription was discontinued, the power of 
Rome declined. 

AMERICAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 

In America, the recognition of an able-bodied male citizen's obligation 
to military service is as old as the Nation itself. The very necessities of 
pioneer existence demanded a self-armed citizenry and emphasized the need 
for universal military service. The Continental Congress, recognizing that 
need, recommended to the inhabitants of the United English Colonies that 
all able-bodied men between sixteen and fifty years of age be formed into 
companies of militia (July 18, 1775). Such militias were formed — though 
not by conscription methods — each group differing considerably from the 
other in standards, requirements and procedure. 

The thirteen colonies were united in their desire to become a free and 
independent nation. Yet, each colony was a separate political body with 
powers individual to itself, jealous of its rights and too often unwilling to 
give up any of its powers to the Congress — even for a mutual cause. 

Common sense dictated that a unified, mobile military force, that could 
be used in any part of the war area, was necessary in the campaign against 
the British during the War of Independence. Yet, it was almost impossible 
to get the colony militias far from home, for tradition held them to be 
purely local defense forces. Nor could they be kept in the field long enough to 
acquire the proper amount of training, conditioning and discipline necessary 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

for successful military operations. Hence, the newly-organized Nation fought 
its victorious struggle for independence under severe military handicaps. 

A Regular Army had been created (mostly on paper) by the Continental 
Congress. Sufficient manpower, however, could not be induced to enlist on 
a volunteer basis. Even though large cash bounties were offered, voluntary 
enlistments remained hopelessly inadequate to meet the crucial needs of the 
harassed leader of the colonies' armed forces — Gen. George Washington. 

Time after time, Washington was forced to call urgently upon the various 
States for personnel from the militia, and these ill-trained troops were gen- 
erally unsatisfactory. While history records countless instances of valor, 
the militia troops lacked training and discipline and proved a constant 
problem to their army leaders. Then, because the men had volunteered or 
were drafted in the militia of their own colony for certain specified periods 
of time and for service within their own colonies, they could not be counted 
on for the carrying out of an extended campaign. (One example of the 
plight of Washington lay in his report from Morristown, New Jersey, on 
March 14, 1777, when he stated that he had but 1,000 Regulars and 2,000 
militia men — the latter's engagement for military service expiring that same 
month — to face over 20,000 British troops in and around New York.) All 
of these faults served to put the American military leaders at great disad- 
vantage against the highly trained and experienced hired foreign troops of 
the British. 

With the formation of the new Republic in 1776, the Constitution gave 
the central government the necessary authority to wage a war effectively 
and successfully. Realizing the necessity of manpower volume and control, 
Washington proposed a true selective service procedure to the First Con- 
gress. He wanted to register and classify the men of the new nation by age 
and physical fitness; to segregate the fit men between eighteen and twenty- 
five years of age into tactical units; to give them special training by selected 
instructors; to retain the men as long as necessary. Had the Congress fol- 
lowed General Washington's request, an effective citizen army would have 
been developed with a resulting shortening of the war. . . . His proposals, 
however, failed to become law — despite his own pleas and those of Jefferson 
and Madison. 

As a result of this failure on the part of the First Congress to use 
adequately its power to raise an army that could fight effectively, the war 
dragged out for seven long years. During those seven years, the Americans 
employed a total of close to four hundred thousand men, while the strength 
of the enemy in any one year (1781) was but forty-two thousand men. 

THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES 

At the beginning of the War between the States, we had no effective 
military policy as a nation. The first troops raised by the North in 1861 



ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF SELECTIVE SERVICE 

were ten companies of District of Columbia militia — troops which could 
not be used more than ten miles outside that area. Next, Lincoln called for 
seventy-five thousand militia for a period of three months. The President 
soon discovered that the South could not be subdued in three months. 

Union troops in the Manassas area actually marched away from the field 
of battle during the height of conflict — simply because their enlistment time 
had expired! The South, in the meantime, had begun with a one-year enlist- 
ment period which, while unsatisfactory, at least was a better policy than 
was in effect in the North as it provided greater stabilization to the Southern 
armies and kept the troops in the field during critical operations. 

President Lincoln, finally sensing a long, drawn-out war, began recruit- 
ing for "three years of the war." Here again the principle of obtaining 
military manpower in volume by voluntary enlistment failed miserably. 
Within a year, voluntary recruiting had fallen far short of its goal, and 
when the Northern government, in desperation, ordered the draft of 300,000 
militia to serve for nine months, recruiting collapsed entirely. Therefore, 
the North was forced to rely upon the draft for its military manpower in 
its effort to preserve the Union. 

Many mistakes in the Draft Act of those days became readily apparent. 
The first major error was that the draft was not introduced until almost two 
years after the war began. In fact, the draft was resorted to simply to put 
pressure upon those who had failed to volunteer. Next it was a strictly mili- 
tary operation, Federally controlled and without consideration of State or 
local rights. 

Furthermore, among other faults, there was the great mistake of per- 
mitting any able-bodied man to avoid service if he paid $300 to purchase 
exemption or hire a substitute to fight in his stead. This latter phase of 
the Draft Act led to the establishment of "substitute brokers" throughout 
the North, a "racket" in which a man would hire out, for military service, 
through a "substitute broker," report for duty, desert, then go back to the 
"substitute broker," and hire out for some other man willing to pay $300 
to stay home. This process was repeated over and over again with the con- 
sequent loss of manpower and waste of funds. 

Brig. Gen. James Oakes, as Assistant Provost Marshal ("State Director" 
would be the term today), administered the draft in Illinois during the 
civil war in the sixties. With the termination of the war and his active duties 
ended, General Oakes prepared and submitted a comprehensive report in 
which he particularly noi.ed the Draft Act's shortcomings and made sug- 
gestions for corrective procedure for any future emergency which might 
again require compulsory military service. Fifty years later, General Oakes' 
recommendations were made the fundamental basis for the draft law which 
was put into effect in World War I and which operated with reasonable 
success. 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN WORLD WAR I 

History had proved time after time that a nation at war could not ef- 
fectively obtain manpower in sufficient and continuing volume solely through 
the volunteering process. The 66th Congress therefore lost little time, after 
its declaration of war upon Germany and the latter's allies, in passing a law 
requiring able-bodied men to serve their Nation in its emergency. 

The World War I Draft Act eliminated the serious faults of the draft 
of civil war days. It provided for the examination, selection and induction 
of physically fit men of certain age groups by the local boards. Once a 
selected man was mailed an induction card by his Local Board — telling 
him that he had been inducted into the armed forces (National Army) — 
such selected man was thereupon subject to military law and could be tried 
by court-martial if he failed to report as directed by his Local Board. 

One outstanding fault of the World War I Draft Act was that it permitted 
"blanket deferment" for all men employed in some particular industry, the 
outstanding example being the Emergency Fleet Corporation which was 
engaged in ship-building occupations. Although countless men were neces- 
sarily and properly deferred because of their industrial work, this provision 
of the law enabled many other able-bodied men (the bulk of them untrained 
and inexperienced industrially) who were needed by the armed forces, to 
evade military service by gaining employment with the Emergency Fleet 
Corporation. Outside of a few other minor faults, the World War I Draft 
Act is considered to have operated satisfactorily. 

There were 4,650 local draft boards in World War I. Approximately 
24,000,000 men were registered. The draft provided 4,000,000 men to the 
armed forces and, at the time the armistice was signed on November 11, 1918, 
an additional 3,500,000 men were classified in I-A and were awaiting induc- 
tion call. 

SELECTIVE SERVICE PLANNING PRIOR TO 
WORLD WAR II 

Long before the actual passage of the Selective Training and Service 
Act of 1940, men who were alert to the need for the defense of the Nation, 
including the established defense agencies of government with all of the 
major veteran organizations cooperating, had been busy planning and pre- 
paring a selective service law for passage in the event of a serious emergency. 
While many amendments were later found necessary to correct certain 
abuses and conditions which developed, the original version of the Selective 
Training and Service Act of 1940 was first written back in 1932. 

In the National Defense Act of 1920, Congress placed upon the War 
Department General Staff the responsibility for developing plans to obtain 
military manpower in any emergency which might confront the Nation. In 
1926, the Joint Army and Navy Selective Service Committee was estab- 



ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF SELECTIVE SERVICE 

lished for the purpose of formulating and improving plans for the operation 
of a selective service system that could be put into effect immediately in 
case of necessity. The Committee was composed of a board of officers from 
the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and National Guard. Approximately one 
hundred reserve officers of the various service branches were assigned to the 
Committee for training. 

After the original drafting of the proposed law in 1932, the Committee 
set up four annual regional conferences (Washington, Fort Sheridan, New 
Orleans and San Francisco) for instructional purposes. These conferences 
were attended regularly each year by the reserve officers assigned to the 
Committee, specially assigned National Guard officers of the various State 
Staffs in the respective conference areas, and a few Army and Navy officers 
as liaison representatives. Each conference was of two weeks' duration and 
was conducted for the thorough consideration of every phase of the pro- 
posed selective service law and the regulations prepared for its administration. 

In between conferences, the Committee's reserve officers and designated 
members of the State Staffs took regular correspondence courses dealing 
with the various aspects of selective service. 

The Burke-Wadsworth bill of 1940, passed by the 76th Congress, was 
the result of this extensive planning of more than eighteen years for a se- 
lective service program for use in the Nation's emergency. The successful 
administration of the Selective Service law was due not only to the careful 
planning entered into long before the emergency arose, but also to the abili- 
ties of the National Director, the State Directors and their staffs to adapt 
the System rapidly to changing conditions and needs brought about by 
total war. 




CARTOON BY HARRY TURNER, INDUCTEE OF CHICAGO BOARD NO. 14 



CHAPTER II 



PRINCIPLES OF SELECTWE SERVICE 

Perhaps the shortest and broadest definition of the underlying principles 
of Selective Service can be found in that portion of the Selective Training 
and Service Act of 1940, which reads as follows: 

"The Congress further declares that, in a free Society, the obligation 
and privilege of military training and service should be shared generally 
in accordance with a fair and just system of selective compulsory military 
training and service." 

In those words, the Congress expressed the doctrine of the obligation of 
man to join with his fellow men in the defense of the rights and principles com- 
mon to a family, a community, a State or a Nation. 

Perhaps no other activity which the Nation has ever experienced affected 
the homes of so many of its citizens as did Selective Service. It was a far- 
flung organization which reached into the densely populated sections of 
New York City . . . the mines in Pennsylvania . . . the wheat fields of Minne- 
sota . . . the oil fields of Texas . . . the apple orchards of Washington . . . the 
cotton fields of Mississippi ... in fact, into every little hamlet in the re- 
motest parts of the country. In every one of the three thousand and seventy 
counties in the United States, at least one Local Board was set up with from 
three to five members, assisted by clerical, legal, medical and other personnel 
in their work of operating the Selective Service System. 

Originally, the Act provided that every male citizen, and every male 
declarant alien residing in the United States, who had attained his twenty- 
first birthday but had not yet reached his thirty-sixth birthday, was required 
to register and be subject to twelve months of military training and service. 
In later amendments to the law, Congress extended the registration age 
limits to include all men between the ages of eighteen and sixty-four years, 
inclusive. Induction liability was confined to men ages eighteen to forty- 
four years, inclusive. 

Inducted men were required to serve for a period of twelve consecutive 
months unless sooner discharged or the Congress declared the national 
interest imperiled. After their service, they were to be transferred to a 
reserve component of the land or naval forces for a period of ten years or 
until they reached their forty-fifth birthday, whichever was sooner. 

The Selective Service law, as passed in 1940, provided a limit of 900,000 
men on active duty with the Army. World events of 1941 sounded a warn- 
ing of growing danger to the safety of the United States, and on August 
18, 1941, Congress amended the Act to extend the period of an inducted 
man's military service from twelve months to eighteen months period also 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

empowering the Army to enlist or induct as many men as it needed, so long 
as proper facilities were available for all in service. (This amendment had 
only one vote majority in the House of Representatives.) After Pearl Harbor 
the period of military service liability was made unlimited. 

Deferments from compulsory training and service were confined mostly 
to those whose civilian occupations were necessary to the Nation's health, 
safety and interest, and to those whose removal from civilian life would 
work a personal or financial hardship upon their dependents. Details of 
deferments of other nature will be found under "The Various Classifications" 
later in this volume. 

Classification of a registrant was made in his own community — by men 
who were his neighbors, who knew local conditions and, in many cases, 
actually had extensive knowledge of the circumstances of the individual 
registrants themselves. Thus the law intended that the process of selection 
was not to be done mechanically by some far-removed group, but rather 
by local groups who were vitally interested in community and individual 
welfare as balanced against the Nation's military needs. 

So that no arbitrary element of classification would exist, the law pro- 
vided that a registrant, a dependent, an employer, or certain others, could 
appeal from the determination of a Local Board. In some cases, even an 
appeal to the President of the United States was provided. Every person 
concerned was thus assured of the fullest possible consideration before final 
decision was made as to the registrant's availability for military training 
and service. 

Since the average registrant was untutored in the technicalities and com- 
plications of filing claims for deferment, the law provided assistance to 
them — first, through Advisory Boards for Registrants, who helped regis- 
trants fill out their Selective Service questionnaires: second, through Gov- 
ernment Appeal Agents who advised the registrants and assisted them in 
filing deferment claims and appeals. By their watchfulness, the Government 
Appeal Agents also protected the interests of the Federal government. 

No classification, under the law, was permanent. Any exemption or de- 
ferment provided by the Act prevailed only so long as the legal reason 
for such exemption or deferment continued. 

Considerable criticism of the draft in World War I developed because 
of group deferment of men employed by the Emergency Fleet Corporation 
at that time. While a great number of men so employed were most valuable 
to their country in their civilian occupation, the special exemption allowed 
many others to find an easy means for escaping military service. Therefore, 
in the Act of 1940, the 76th Congress eliminated the possibility of such 
criticism by specifically providing that (1) no deferment should be made 
except on the basis of the individual status and circumstances of the regis- 
trant, and (2) no deferments should be made of individuals by occupational 



PRINCIPLES OF SELECTIVE SERVICE 



groups, or of groups of individuals in any particular plant or institution. 
(During a later period of administration of the Selective Service law, critical 
shortage of vitally needed war materials required that certain industries 
be given adequate protection by special deferment consideration. However, 
even in these cases, deferment was made by the Local Board only on the 
basis of the individual importance of each registrant's occupation and 
ability and was supported by documentary evidence showing skill and need. 

In the administration of the Selective Service program, men would have 
to leave good-paying jobs and enter military service. To protect the civilian 
livelihoods of these men after their release from active duty, the Congress 
made it mandatory for inducted employees of the Federal government and 
private enterprise to be restored to their same positions, or positions of like 
seniority, status and pay, after their military service. State, county and 
municipal governments, under the Constitution, were not covered by this 
law. (The State of Illinois later passed a similar reemployment law for 
military personnel.) 

Throughout the entire administration of the Selective Service Training 
and Service Act, both the law and the regulations pursuant thereto were 
amended to meet any changes and problems which arose. Thus, the basic 
fairness of the law itself and the ability and willingness to make necessary 
changes for the good of the Nation and its citizens demonstrated, in actual 
practice, the true democracy which our forefathers so wisely set up as the 
path for the United States of America. 

OBJECTIVES OF SELECTIVE SERVICE 

Obviously, the basic objective of Selective Service was to procure mili- 
tary manpower for the armed forces. However, the System had the further 
responsibility of obtaining such manpower with the least possible disturbance 
to the industrial, agricultural, social and religious life of the Nation. Too, 
from the standpoint of the armed forces themselves, every fit man of mili- 
tary age could not summarily be drafted and sent into service, for many of 
these men were vital in the production and shipping of food, armament, 
ammunition and other equipment so vital to the active and successful prose- 
cution of war. It has been carefully estimated that it takes seven men behind 
the lines to support every single fighting man at the front. Picture, then 
the tremendous number of civilians necessary to produce the sustenance, 
equipment and supplies needed by the total number of men actually engaged 
in the pursuit of war. 

Extreme hardship in family life could not be permitted, for the man 
whose family is in dire need because of his being in service could not 
possibly avoid worry over his loved ones which caused low morale with 
a consequent inefficiency that made him a liability, rather than an asset, 
to the armed forces. The religious life of the community could not be sud- 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

denly upset; political structures had to be maintained intact; true conscien- 
tious objection to organized war had to be recognized as a fundamental 
liberty. 

These and many others, were the vital considerations that confronted 
Local Board members in determining just who should go into service and 
who should stay home. 

ILLINOIS PREPARED 

National plans for selective service provided that the National Guard 
State Staffs of the various States were to assume the responsibility of plan- 
ning for individual State operation of selective service in case emergency 
required. The original plans for a State selective service organization in 
Illinois were therefore prepared in 1935 and 1936 under the direction of 
Adj. Gen. Carlos A. Black, who assigned the task to Major John A. Prosser 
of the State Staff. The State Plan was founded on the basis provided by 
the Joint Army and Navy Selective Service Committee, being amended and 
amplified to cover the requirements of this particular State. 

(At the time, plans were also made to institute a voluntary recruiting 
plan which was intended to be operated in the interim while the Congress 
was considering the adoption of a selective service law. The Voluntary 
Recruiting Plan for Illinois was thoroughly worked out and ready for 
immediate activation, but the quick action of the 76th Congress in 1940 
in passing the Selective Service law eliminated the necessity for using the 
organized voluntary enlistment campaign.) 

In developing the State Plan for Selective Service in Illinois, the assigned 
members of the State Staff set up local and appeal board areas on the basis 
of population, also selecting tentative locations for the various board head- 
quarters. Arrangements were made for the use of the election machinery 
for registration of men in the event mobilization of military manpower be- 
came necessary. 

During the succeeding years prior to 1940, Majors Stanley R. McNeil 
and Robert M. Woodward of the State Staff were given special assignments 
for selective service training and attended the yearly conferences conducted 
by the Joint Army and Navy Selective Service Committee, also expanding 
their knowledge of the subject by correspondence courses. (In addition, 
the State's Voluntary Recruiting Plan was developed under the immediate 
supervision of Major McNeil.) 

When Adjutant General Black died in 1939, he was succeeded by Brig. 
Gen. Lawrence V. Regan who, shordy after taking his new office, ordered 
certain members of his staff to assemble in Chicago for the purpose of study- 
ing plans for operating Selective Service in Illinois. The following officers 
were in attendance at that conference: 



10 



PRINCIPLES OF SELECTIVE SERVICE 

Col. William E. Swanson Maj. Stanley R. McNeil 

Maj. Robert M. Woodward Capt. Alexander T. Sedgwick 

Capt. Frank J. Conley 1st Lt. Fred W. Jacobi 
1st Lt. Charles J. Magnesen 

Maj. Victor A. Kleber, an Army reserve officer assigned to the Joint 
Army and Navy Selective Service Committee, was in part-time attendance 
at the conference and assisted in the meetings. 

Because of the trend of events, General Regan later assigned Lt. Charles 
J. Magnesen to full-time duty on coordination of Illinois' selective service 
planning. 

In early summer of 1940, when it appeared inevitable that some kind 
of selective service legislation would be introduced shortly in Congress, 
General Regan, along with other Adjutants General, conferred with the 
Joint Army and Navy Selective Service Committee in Washington. On his 
return, he immediately ordered the organization of a selective service school 
at Camp Grant, Illinois, and arranged for members of the State Staffs of 
Michigan and Wisconsin also to attend the school, which was conducted by 
Lt. Col. Peter C. Bullard of the Regular Army. Almost every phase of se- 
lective service operation was considered at this school. Actual selective serv- 
ice operations, including a simulated "registration" at the Armory in Rock- 
ford, were gone through in order to attain a working familiarity with the 
various procedures in the subject. 

As soon as it appeared that the 76th Congress would approve the Burke- 
Wadsworth selective service bill, General Regan made assignments of State 
Staff officers to specific duties in connection with the selective service organi- 
zation. Because approximately 45% of the State's population resided in 
Cook County, it was decided that a branch office of State Selective Service 
Headquarters should be located in Chicago. 

Thus, Illinois was well prepared to function when the Congress deter- 
mined to authorize compulsory military service. 



a 



Glutton for Punishment 

When the call went out in 1940 for volunteers to serve as Local Board 
Members, William Eggleston of Pontiac, a veteran of World War I, was one 
of the first to respond. He served on Livingston County Local Board 2 until 
August 12, 1942, when he resigned to enlist in the Seabees. 

After serving in uniform for almost three years, Eggleston was discharged 
and returned to civilian status. Within sixty days afterward, he was again 
in the harness as a Member of the same Local Board. What a patriot! 



11 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 




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ILLINOIS STATE HEADQUARTERS STAFF 



On the opposite page is shown the group which attended the 5th Anni- 
versary Selective Service Conference which was held at Illinois State 
Headquarters in Springfield on September 16-17, 1945. (Individuals in 
the photograph are listed from left to right.) 

FIRST ROW (left to right)— Lt. Col. Harry W. Taylor, Field Officer and 
Ass't Occupational Advisor*; Lt. Comdr. Walter J. Eden, USN, Navy 
Liaison Officer and Field Officer; Col. Stanley R. McNeil, Executive Offi- 
cer*; Col. Louis A. Boening, Ass't State Director*; Col. Paul G. Arm- 
strong, State Director; Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, National Director of 
Selective Service; Col. Harris P. Ralston, Deputy State Director; Col. 
George A. Irvin, Regional Field Officer, National Headquarters* ; Col. 
Victor A. Kleber, Deputy State Director; Lt. Col. Edward I. Edwards, 
Chief, Field Division; Lt. Col. Marshall G. Buck, Chief, Veterans Per- 
sonnel Division; Mr. Edwin H. Felt, Administrative Assistant*. 

SECOND ROW (left to right)— Maj. John B. Morgan, Field Officer and 
Ass't Occupational Advisor*; Maj. James C. Foster, USMCR, Marine 
Corps Liaison Officer and Field Officer; Lt. Col. Edmund P. Coady, Chief. 
Manpower Division; Lt. Col. William A. Rodger, State Procurement 
Officer; Mr. Nate Felt, Chairman, Illinois Appeal Board No. 1, Group 
12*; Maj. William H. King, Administrator, Illinois Board of Appeal 
No. 1*; Maj. Fred W. Jacobi, Ass't to State Procurement Officer; Maj. 
George W. Biggerstaff, Ass't to Colonel Ralston; Capt. Earl R. Stege, State 
Legal Advisor; Lt. Col. Robert H. Sykes, State Medical Officer; Capt. 
Earl H. Blair, Ass't State Medical Officer. 

THIRD ROW (left side only— left to right)— Capt. Robert J. Turnbull, 
Field Officer and Ass't to Col. Buck; Lt. Comdr. William S. Bishop, 
USNR, Naval Liaison Officer and Ass't Chief, Veterans Personnel Divi- 
sion* ; Maj. Chas. J. Magnesen, Administrative Assistant and Chief, Per- 
sonnel and Master File Divisions; Maj. Robert B. Sherwood, 6th Service 
Command Selective Service Liaison Officer* ; Maj. Sidney T. Holzman. 
Ass't Chief, Field Division*; Maj. Homer R. Lewis, Employment Coordi- 
nator and Field Officer*. 

REAR ROW (left to right)— Capt. Francis W. Lorman, Ass't to State 
Procurement Officer*; Mr. Waldo J. McCoy, Transportation Manager; 
Capt. W. Robert James, Administrative Assistant; Capt. Kenneth L. 
Allen, Field Officer and Ass't Occupational Advisor; Maj. Peter N. Mar- 
tin, Field Officer*; Capt. Harry D. Melcher, Ass't State Procurement 
Officer; Capt. John E. Egdorf. Medical Survey Officer*; Prof. Robert C. 
Ross, Chief, Agricultural Division; Mr. Charles Coan, Ass't to Lt. Col. 
Buck; S/Sgt Jay W. Bailey, Ass't to Lt. Col. Buck. 

* Stationed at Chicago. 



13 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



DEPUTY AND ASSISTANT STATE DIRECTORS 




LT. COL. LEIGH N. BITTINGER 

Deputy State Director 
October, 1940 to December, 1941 




KOEHNE PHOTO 

COL. HARRIS P. RALSTON 

Deputy State Director 

November, 1942 to August, 1947 




MARSHALL MARKER PHOTO 

COL. LOUIS A. BOENING 

Assistant State Director 

October, 1940 to November, 1945 



HARRIET LANE PHOTO 

COL. VICTOR A. KLEBER 

Deputy State Director 

November, 1942 to April, 1947 



14 



CHAPTER III 



CREATION OF THE SELECTIVE 
SERVICE SYSTEM 

NATIONAL ORGANIZATION 

Under the law, the President of the United States was the head of Se- 
lective Service. His major duties, in connection with the law, were to: 

1. Establish the Selective Service System; 

2. Prescribe the necessary rules and regulations for carrying out the Act; 

3. Appoint the Director of Selective Service, appoint State Directors, 
Members of Local Boards and Boards of Appeal, Government Appeal Agents 
and Examining Physicians and Dentists; 

4. Delegate any authority vested in him under the Act; 

5. Take such other actions as were necessary to carry out the Act. 

Almost immediately after signing the selective service bill into law, the 
President issued his Proclamation for the First Registration on October 16, 
1940. Several days later, he formally prescribed the regulations (fortunately, 
as explained heretofore, a workable set of regulations had already been 
prepared by the Joint Army and Navy Selective Service Committee) for the 
organization and administration of the Selective Service System, and on 
September 28, 1940, he designated Lt. Col. Lewis B. Hershey (who, at the 
time, was the executive in charge of the Joint Army and Navy Selective Serv- 
ice Committee) to perform certain duties under the Act. 

Dr. Clarence A. Dykstra, President of the University of Wisconsin, was 
appointed Director of Selective Service on October 14, 1940, and continued 
in that capacity until he resigned on April 1, 1941. Colonel Hershey was 
promoted to Brigadier General in November of 1940, and continued in 
charge of the national headquarters and on July 31, 1941, the President 
designated him as Director of Selective Service. (He was promoted to Major 
General in April of 1942.) 

It would be ungrateful to pass this point without acknowledging the 
excellent cooperation given to the Illinois Selective Service System by General 
Hershey. From the very beginning, he recognized the special problems of 
this State, and he never failed to lend his whole-hearted assistance toward 
their solution. On numerous occasions, he visited the Illinois State Head- 
quarters and, on other occasions, made important addresses to Selective 
Service groups and many industrial meetings in Illinois at which problems 
of the draft were a paramount issue. 

By his ability, understanding and fairness, General Hershey won the 



IS 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



profound respect and genuine admiration of every member of the System 
in Illinois. His inspiration and guidance unquestionably served to help 
Illinois become one of the outstanding States in the administration of the 
Selective Service law. 

National Headquarters, which was staffed by a large group of trained 
officers from the Army, Navy and Marine Corps, maintained the policy of 
non-interference with State administration. While the national organization 
was ever ready and willing to assist whenever we in Illinois sought their 
help, they not only respected our right of self-operation but actually pro- 
mulgated the policy of requiring each agency down to and including the 
Local Boards to carry out its own delegated responsibility of decision. 

Close cooperation and coordination existed between the various State Head- 
quarters and National Headquarters. Field officers from Washington visited 
the State offices at regular intervals. These officers worked out of Regional Field 
Offices established at various points in the country. Illinois was fortunate to 
have a Regional Field Office located in Chicago. 

The President, in Executive Order 9279 dated December 5, 1942, placed 
the Selective Service System under the jurisdiction of the War Manpower 
Commission (Paul V. McNutt, Chairman) which had been given the full 
responsibility for mobilizing the entire manpower of the Nation. Exactly 
one year later, in Executive Order 9410, the President removed the System 
from such jurisdiction and appointed Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey a member 
of the War Manpower Commission. 

* 




ILLINOIS' FIRST INDUCTEE 

James Manning, 7742 Monroe Street. 
Forest Park, having his fingerprints 
taken by Sgt. William Jackson, after 
Manning was first draftee accepted at 
122nd Field Artillery Armory on No- 
vember 19, 1940. Manning later rose 
to the rank of First Lieutenant and. 
unfortunately, lost his life on the 
field of battle. 



CHICAGO TRIBUNE PHOTO 



16 



CREATION OF THE SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM 



REGIONAL FIELD OFFICE AT CHICAGO 

In March of 1942, the National Director established a regional field office 
at Chicago for the purpose of maintaining closer and more frequent liaison 
between National Headquarters and the area offices of the War Manpower 
Commission, the War Production Board, the Sixth Service Command (subse- 
quently the Fifth Army Headquarters), and other Federal agencies concerned 
with the war effort. This office was in charge of Col. George A. Irvin, Inf., of 
National Headquarters staff, during most of 
its period of existence. The Regional Field 
officer also acted as liaison officer with the Illi- 
nois State Director of Selective Service and 
rendered advisory counsel on request. 

Colonel Irvin was recalled to Washington 
in December of 1945 and was replaced by Maj. 
John W. Barber who conducted the affairs of 
the office until he was released from active 
duty on May 17, 1946. Major Barber was suc- 
ceeded by Lt. Comdr. Donald C. Hayward, 
USNR, who continued in charge until July 8, 

1946. At that time, Comdr. Chester J. Chastek, 
USNR, took over and operated the Regional 
Field Office until its termination on March 31, 

1947. COL. GEORGE A. IRVIN 

The officers of the Regional Field Office at Chicago cooperated excellently 
with State Selective Service Headquarters and, on a number of occasions, 
gave valuable counsel and assistance to the State Director and his staff. 

While there were many officers who were temporarily assigned to duty 
with the Regional Field Office, most of them were in a liaison capacity with 
separation centers and did not actually office in Chicago. There were, how- 
ever, certain officers who were on the regular staff of the Regional Field Office 
for limited period of time. They were: 

1st Lt. William L. Klare— February 6, 1943 to March 8, 1943 

Lt. Col. John B. Cuno— April 13, 1943 to April 6, 1944 

Lt. (later Lt. Comdr.) Donald C. Hayward, USNR, who subsequently be- 
came Regional Field Officer— March 1, 1945 to May 17, 1946. 




17 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



PERSONNEL IN THE ENTIRE SYSTEM 

So that the reader may gain a better idea of the magnitude of the adminis- 
stration of Selective Service from the national level, the following limited 
statistics (as of August 31, 1945) are quoted: 

PERSONNEL 

Civilian Personnel 
No. Com- Uncom- 

Unit Designations of Units Military pensated pensated Totals 

National Headquarters ... 1 132 903 3 1,038 

State and Territorial Head- 
quarters 55 752 2,522 9,427 12,701 

Local Boards 6,443 . . . 14,052 87,122 101,174 

(6,270 in Continental 
U. S. and 173 in Alaska, 
Hawaii and Puerto Rico) 

Boards of Appeal 249 ... 433 2,501 2,934 

Extra Appeal Groups .... 265 ... .... .... .... 

Advisory Boards for Reg- 
istrants 5,354 ... ... 75,896 75,896 

Medical Advisory Boards. 674 ... 22 8,502 8,524 



13,041 844 17,932 183,451 202,267 

Breaking down the above statistics still further, we find the following 
persons served the System (as of August 31, 1945) as volunteer workers not 
receiving compensation from the System. 

24,323 Members of Local Boards 

7,900 Government Appeal Agents 

28,350 Examining Physicians 

7,414 Examining Dentists 

19,135 Reemployment Committeemen 

2.501 Members of Boards of Appeal 

75,896 Members of Advisory Boards for Registrants 

8.502 Members of Medical Advisory Boards 
8,876 Medical Survey Program Workers 

257 Veterans Activities Workers 

3 Medical Assistants 
294 Miscellaneous 



183,451 Total 

The above two sets of figures reveal the magnitude of the System which 
involved approximately 35,000,000 male residents of the United States and 
its Territories. 



18 



CHAPTER IV 



ILLINOIS ORGANIZES 

Under the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, the Governors of 
the States were responsible for the administration of Selective Service within 
their various states. Most of the Governors delegated their powers to their 
State Directors. 

On September 16, 1940 — the date on which the Selective Service bill be- 
came law — the Hon. Scott W. Lucas, United States Senator from Illinois, 
and Adj. Gen. Lawrence V. Regan conferred with Paul G. Armstrong, a 
former Illinois Department Commander of The American Legion, and in- 
formed the latter that they wished to submit his name to the Governor, 
recommending his appointment as State Director of Selective Service. 

Mr. Armstrong, a staunch Republican, inquired of his conferees as to 
whether or not acceptance of the post would involve changing of his politics. 
On their assurance that it did not, and that the position would be entirely 
free of any political pressure or interference, he expressed his willingness 
to accept. 

Senator Lucas and General Regan then presented Mr. Armstrong's name 
to the Governor. Governor Horner, having had considerable contact with 
Mr. Armstrong while the latter was State Commander of The American 
Legion, and knowing of the wide and favorable acquaintance of the prospec- 
tive Director throughout the State, readily agreed to the nomination and 
immediately forwarded his recommendation to the President of the United 
States. The President made the appointment which was shortly confirmed 
by the United States Senate. (At the time the appointment was being con- 
sidered, Mr. Armstrong was a leading candidate for the national commander- 
ship of The American Legion — at The Legion's National Convention at 
Boston in 1940 — but withdrew his candidacy immediately upon learning 
of the Presidential appointment of himself as Illinois State Director of 
Selective Service.) 

BACKGROUND OF THE STATE DIRECTOR 

Paul G. Armstrong, the son of Rev. Arthur E. and Luvia A. Armstrong, 
was born in the Presbyterian parsonage at Leadville, Colorado, on October 
26, 1890. At the age of five, while on a visit to his grandparents in Vermont, 
he suffered the loss of his father through death. Later, his mother returned 
with her children to Denver, Colorado, where Paul was reared. 

At the age of sixteen, while still a student in high school, Paul enlisted in 
the Colorado National Guard — his first military experience. Through circum- 
stances beyond his own control, he was forced to leave high school in his 



19 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

senior year to take employment and thus aid in the support of his mother. 

A veteran of World War I, he served in that emergency as a member of 
Machine Gun Company, Eighth United States Infantry. He was in active 
service in France for one year, and was given an honorable discharge in 
1919, having attained the grade of sergeant. 

Most of Armstrong's business life has been spent as a salesman. After 
his discharge from the Army in 1919, he became affiliated with Parker, 
Thomas and Tucker Paper Company of Chicago, ultimately rising to the 
position of Vice President of that firm at the time he became State Director 
of Selective Service, taking a leave of absence while serving the Federal 
Government. 

Armstrong's great interest in the affairs of veterans extends well over 
a quarter of a century. In early 1920, he joined Square Post No. 232 
of The American Legion, Chicago, and became active in that organization; 
he held all the elective offices of his Post, including that of Commander in 
1927. Subsequently, he held all the elective offices in the District, County 
and State, finally being elected State Commander in 1934. He was elected 
National Committeeman of The Legion in 1935 and 1937, and has served 
on many committees all the way from his own Post up to the national organi- 
zation; he served as Vice Chairman of the National Rehabilitation Com- 
mittee — with the exception of one year when he was a member — from 1937 
until November of 1947. 

NOTE: At this point, the author takes the liberty of adding that the President of 
the United States, in November of 1946, awarded Paul G. Armstrong the Medal for 
Merit (the highest civilian award for wartime service) for distinguished service 
through his administration of Selective Service in Illinois. The Medal for Merit was 
presented personally by Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, the National Director of 
Selective Service, at a testimonial dinner given by over 1,200 friends of State 
Director Armstrong — Selective Service associates, public officials, business executives 
and other friends. Furthermore, Armstrong ivas appointed a Lieutenant Colonel in 
the Illinois Reserve Militia by Governor John Stelle in November of 1940. 

THE GOVERNOR'S RESPONSIBILITIES 

According to the provisions of the Selective Training and Service Act, 
the Governor was responsible for the proper administration of Selective 
Service within his State. Likewise, the Governor had the authority to delegate 
his powers to the State Director of Selective Service, which action was taken 
by the Governor of this State. 

All three Governors who held office during the period that Selective 
Service was in operation placed their full confidence in the State Director 
and refrained from exerting or allowing any political pressure or influence 
to interfere with proper administration of the Act. This "freedom from 
politics" was first manifested by Governor Horner when he, a Democrat, 



20 



ILLINOIS ORGANIZES— GOVERNOR 

cast aside political considerations and recommended a Republican, Colonel 
Armstrong, for the post of State Director, at the same time giving assurance 
that proper and impartial administration of Selective Service was paramount. 

While Colonel Armstrong was attending the Boston Convention of The 
American Legion, he conferred with the then Lieutenant Governor, Hon. 
John Stelle (likewise a Democrat), who was to succeed to the office of 
Governor after Governor Horner's death on October 6, 1940. The two 
agreed that political equity should obtain in the selection of Members of 
the Local Boards and that such membership should be denied to any man 
holding a public office, contending for public office or openly active in the 
political life of his community. Furthermore, there was ready understanding 
that the actual operation of Selective Service would be kept free of politics. 

In November of 1940, a new Illinois Governor was elected — the Hon. 
Dwight H. Green, a Republican. He was inaugurated on January 13, 1941. 
Shortly after his election, Governor Green called in State Director Armstrong 
and stated that he was entirely satisfied with the way Selective Service was 
being operated in Illinois and that the State Director would continue to be 
the active head of the System in Illinois. The Governor also assured Colonel 
Armstrong that he would immediately issue orders to all office holders and 
others under his jurisdiction to the effect that no one would be permitted 
to exercise any pressure or influence upon any member of the Selective Serv- 
ice System in Illinois because of political interest in some particular registrant. 

Governor Green adhered rigidly to his pledge, and during the entire 
administration of Selective Service in this State, he did not — nor would he 
permit anyone under him to do so — ask for special consideration for any 
particular registrant. In addition, early in the program, Governor Green 
issued a proclamation to all State employees under his jurisdiction to the 
effect that no deferments would be requested by department heads except 
in the most critical cases. Even in these cases, such deferment requests were 
to be submitted to the Governor for his approval before being forwarded 
to the Local Boards concerned. The other elected State officials issued similar 
proclamations. In all cases, the policies set forth in the proclamations were 
adhered to rigidly throughout the entire Selective Service operation. 

Whenever the Governor received a letter pertaining to the Selective 
Service status of some particular registrant, the Governor immediately replied 
with the statement that, since Selective Service was under Federal jurisdiction, 
he was turning the letter over to the State Director for whatever action was 
indicated according to the regulations. 

While Governor Green religiously refrained from interfering with the 
operation of Selective Service in Illinois, he nevertheless maintained a con- 
stant interest in its problems and progress and frequently conferred with 
State Director Armstrong, receiving regular reports on such problems and 



21 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

progress. In addition, the Governor always willingly gave his whole-hearted 
cooperation on any request made by the State Director. 

In order to promote constant high morale among Selective Service person- 
nel in Illinois, Governor Green made numerous trips to various parts of the 
State to address the volunteer and compensated personnel and encourage 
them to carry on their arduous and trying duties, so necessary to the success 
of the Nation's war effort. 

It was through the Governor's personal interest and official help — and gen- 
erally at his own suggestions — that Illinois Selective Service obtained: 

(1) The Governor's Rehabilitation Program (sponsored by Governor 
Green), in which the State furnished the surgical skill and hospitaliza- 
tion necessary to correct certain defects of rejected men in order to 
make them eligible for military service. 

(2) A Joint Resolution of the Senate and House of the Illinois State 
Legislature, commending Local Board Members and Government 
Appeal Agents for their patriotic service. This resolution, presented 
at a time when resignations of non-compensated personnel were being 
threatened because of cessation of war with Germany, was credited 
with continuing the important services of experienced men vitally 
needed in the operation of Selective Service. 

(3) Funds in the amount of several thousand dollars annually to print 
the Illinois Agricultural Questionnaires and Supplements which were 
used in gathering substantial evidence pertaining to farm deferments. 
This Questionnaire, originated by Illinois, was adopted by a number 
of. other States where agriculture was outstanding. 

(4) Funds for printing and mailing important morale-building messages 
to non-compensated personnel. 

(5) Publication of a 48-page booklet containing the names of Illinois 
Local Board Members, Board of Appeal Members, Government Appeal 
Agents and other non-compensated personnel who had been awarded 
the Selective Service Medal by Congress. 

(6) Funds for printing, framing and mailing the Distinguished Service 
Certificate awarded to certain volunteer personnel of the System in 
this State, the Certificate being authorized by the Illinois State 
Legislature at the Governor's suggestion. 

(7) Publication of this volume — a permanent record of the magnificent 
and vital national service performed by Illinois citizens in peacetime 
and in war. 

(8) Miscellaneous assistance necessary and beneficial to the proper 
operation of Selective Service in Illinois. 

The constant support and cooperation given by Governor Green to the 



22 



ILLINOIS ORGANIZES— STATE DIRECTOR 

State Director was one of the factors which enabled Illinois to establish 
an enviable record among all the States in the Union for its outstanding 
efficiency, integrity and impartiality in the administration of Selective Service. 

THE STATE DIRECTOR'S RESPONSIBILITIES 

From the very beginning of the Selective Service program, and during 
the entire period of operation under three Governors (two Democrats and 
one Republican), the State Director had full control of the administration 
of Selective Service in Illinois without official interference of any kind. 
Whenever he requested help from the Governor's office, he received all possible 
cooperation and support. With unrestricted liberty of action, it was possible to 
exercise his powers to the fullest extent in the proper and efficient administra- 
tion of the law and regulations. 

The earliest statement made by Colonel Armstrong, as State Director, 
was that "Every citizen of Illinois who was under the jurisdiction of Selective 
Service would receive honest and fair consideration and that the law and 
regulations would be administered without fear or favor." This statement 
became the keynote for administration of Selective Service throughout Illi- 
nois and inspired and enabled all Illinois personnel of the System to carry 
out their duties freely, and strictly in accordance with the rules and regula- 
tions according to the law. 

While the State Director's general responsibility was to administer the 
Selective Service and Training Act within the State of Illinois, it is apropos 
that his major duties, under that responsibility, be set forth herein: 

1. Organize and direct State Headquarters and its various departments 
and divisions; 

2. Organize and direct Local Boards, Boards of Appeal, Advisory Boards 
for Registrants, Medical Advisory Boards and all other Selective 
Service agencies within the State under his control, maintain such 
agencies at full strength; 

3. Organize and direct regional instructional meetings for volunteer and 
compensated personnel of the Selective Service System and sustain 
high morale among such personnel; 

4. Issue State Headquarters memorandums and bulletins in connection 
with interpretation of regulations and policies of Selective Service; 

5. Require all agencies under his jurisdiction to submit necessary reports 

and maintain files of such reports ; 

6. Direct the leasing of all property for Selective Service use and author- 
ize the expenditure of Federal funds for salaries, transportation, furni- 
ture, equipment, supplies, etc. 

7. Confer with agricultural, industrial, racial, religious and special 



23 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



groups with reference to their particular problems encountered through 
Selective Service operations; 

8. Keep the general public, industry, agriculture and other groups in- 
formed, through the press and radio, as to Selective Service regula- 
tions, policies, requirements and activities important to such groups; 

9. Build and maintain public morale and promote confidence of regis- 
trants, dependents, employers and all others in the principles and 
operation of the Selective Service System; 

10. Maintain proper liaison with other Federal agencies, such as: Army, 
Navy, Marine Corps, Civil Service Commission, Department of Justice, 
War Manpower Commission (U. S. Employment Service), Department 
of Agriculture, Veterans Administration, etc. 

11. Take any other action to insure the proper and efficient administration 
of Selective Service within his State. 

* 

Tunisian Sand 

There's blood on the sand of Tunisia. 

It's blood of the brave and the true 
Of three nations who battled together 

With banners of red, white and blue. 

As they marched o'er the sand of Tunisia 

To the hills where the enemy lay 
They remembered the orders they were given 

"The Pass must be taken today!" 

Some thought of their homes and their mothers 

Some of their wives or sweethearts fair, 
And some, as they plodded and stumbled. 

Were softly whispering a prayer. 

But, forward they went into battle 

With faces unsmiling and stern 
They knew, as they charged up the hillside, 

That many would never return. 

Their blood's on the sand of Tunisia. 

It's their gift to the freedom they love. 
May their names live in glory forever 

And their souls rest in Heaven above. 

— Pfc. Frank 0. Smith. ASN 36302278 



24 



CHAPTER 



ESTABLISHMENT OF STATE 
HEADQUARTERS 

As soon as he received confirmation of his appointment as State Director 
of Selective Service, Colonel Armstrong set about immediately to establish 
State Headquarters. At the time, he was maintaining an office in the 
Morrison Hotel in connection with his candidacy for the national commander- 
ship of The American Legion, and used this office temporarily to begin his 
functions as State Director, working in close cooperation with Adjutant 
General Regan. Mr. Edwin H. Felt of Chicago was placed on the Adjutant 
General's payroll and assigned to Colonel Armstrong as an assistant. 

The first order of business was to find locations for the State Head- 
quarters office in Springfield and a branch office in Chicago. Through the 
courtesy of Adjutant General Regan, arrangements were made to provide 
several rooms on the first floor of the State Armory Building in Springfield 
for the location of State Headquarters. Several rooms in the building at 100 
West Monroe Street, Chicago, were leased for the Chicago Office. 

On September 23, 1940, Col. Harris P. Ralston, C of E, and Maj. Howard 
G. Wade, Ord., both reserve officers and engineers in civilian life, were as- 
signed by the Under Secretary of War to the State Director as liaison offi- 
cers; Lt. Comdr. Walter J. Eden, USNR, a transportation company executive, 
was also assigned for a period of several weeks, later (July 1, 1941) or- 
dered on extended active duty at Illinois State Headquarters. 

Maj. Stanley R. McNeil, AGD, and Maj. Lester N. Johnson, MC, both 
Illinois National Guard officers, reported for duty on September 27, 1940 — 
Major McNeil took temporary charge of the Cook County Office and Major 
Johnson became State Medical Officer to supervise the procurement of phys- 
icians and dentists for use in the Selective Service program. 

On September 30, 1940, State Director Armstrong opened his headquarters 
in the Armory Building, Springfield. The Adjutant General very generously 
provided personnel and equipment to assist the State Director during the 
organizing period of the System in Illinois. Fortunately, also, The Adjutant 
General arranged for Illinois State Headquarters to obtain the temporary 
services, on inactive status, of Lt. Col. Edward A. Fitzpatrick, Spec., a 
reserve officer who not only had been a member of Gen. Enoch Crowder's 
staff in the World War I draft organization, but had also continued his 
activities through the Joint Army and Navy Selective Service Committee. 
Perhaps no man in the country ever made a more thorough study of com- 
pulsory military training. His book, "Conscription and America," pub- 
lished in the summer of 1940 became the "bible" of hundreds of military 



25 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

officers in their study of the subject. In civilian life, Colonel Fitzpatrick is 
the president of Mount Mary College for Women in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Illinois was extremely fortunate in obtaining the services of Colonel 
Fitzpatrick, not only to steer State Headquarters' course in its uncertain days, 
but also give specific instructions to staff members and civilian personnel, 
both compensated and volunteer. Truly, Illinois' initial success in its ad- 
ministration of Selective Service was due largely to the valuable assistance 
and sound advice given by this officer who had long been considered the dean 
of Selective Service men. After assisting in the organization of Illinois, he 
was later (1941) ordered to active duty and assigned to National Selective 
Service Headquarters in Washington where he rendered magnificent service 
throughout the war. 

On October 7, 1940, Col. Clay M. Donner, QMC, Maj. Marshall G. 
Buck, QMC, Maj. William A. Rodger, FD, Capt. Joseph U. Dugan, QMC, 
and 1st Lt. Charles J. Magnesen, Inf., all of the Illinois National Guard, were 
assigned to extended active duty with the State Director. Maj. Victor A. 
Kleber, Spec, Army Reserve officer, reported for duty at the Chicago office 
on October 10, 1940. 

United States District Attorney Howard L. Doyle at Springfield, on 
October 10, 1940, loaned his assistant, Baird V. Helfrich, an Army Reserve 
lieutenant of infantry, to help the State Director in obtaining Government 
Appeal Agents and Members of Registrants Advisory Boards in the State. 
Lieutenant Helfrich was later commissioned a Captain, JAGD, in the 
National Guard of the United States and ordered to active duty as the 
State Legal Officer at Illinois Selective Service Headquarters on March 18, 
1941. (Promoted to Major while at State Headquarters, he was later trans- 
ferred to the Office of Strategic Service and went to Burma for counter- 
intelligence work.) 

On October 16, 1940, through the recommendations of Governor Stelle, 
Lt. Col. Leigh N. Bittinger (Illinois Reserve Militia) was appointed assistant 
State Director for the entire State, and Lt. Col. Louis A. Boening (Illinois 
Reserve Militia) was named Assistant State Director in charge of Cook 
County. Colonel Bittinger, a veteran of World War I, had just completed a 
year as Illinois Department Commander of The American Legion and was 
holding the position of Superintendent of the Onarga Military Academy at 
Onarga, Illinois. He was appointed Deputy State Director on October 12, 
1941, and served in that post until November 26, 1941, when he resigned 
to accept the position of Superintendent of the Chicago Home for Incurables. 
Colonel Boening, a veteran of the Spanish- American war and a Major in 
World War I, was a well-known motion picture equipment manufacturing 
executive, and remained in charge of the Chicago office of Selective Service 
until October 31, 1945, when he resigned to become General Sales Manager 
for the Revere Camera Company. 



26 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 

Capt. Edmond P. Coady, Inf., reported for duty at State Headquarters 
on November 6, 1940, and 1st Lt. Fred W. Jacobi, FD, reported the following 
day. Both of these officers belonged to the Illinois National Guard. They 
completed the 1940 staff organization of State Headquarters. 

In the early days of organization, the State Director and his Staff worked 
day and night in order that Illinois would be ready for the national regis- 
tration to take place on October 16, 1940. Permanent clerks were selected; 
final arrangements were made for the first registration; printing, equipment 
and supplies were procured; members of Local and Appeal Boards were 
chosen. The last function occupied the State Director's primary attention, 
and the method of selecting these uncompensated board members will be 
discussed in a later chapter. 

By October 16, 1940, the day of the First Registration, State Headquar- 
ters was sufficiently organized so as to function adequately, and the bulk 
of the Local Board Members had been appointed by the President. Since 
the First Registration was handled by the election officials, the Local Board 
Members did not assume active duty until after that date. 

The regular staff of the State Director was composed mainly of officers 
on active duty with the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and National Guard. A 
number of these officers had received special training in Selective Service 
procedure and were specifically assigned to Illinois State Headquarters by 
their respective branches of service. 

Subsequent to Colonel Bittinger's resignation, Col. Clay M. Donner, QMC, 
served as Executive Officer from December 1, 1941 to August 31, 1942, 
when he was transferred to National Headquarters. 

Mr. Edwin H. Felt, special assistant to the State Director, was previously 
employed in newspaper and radio work, and was prominent throughout the 
midwestern States as a referee in football and other sports. 

Mr. Waldo J. McCoy, the transportation manager, held the position of 
General Freight Agent for the Illinois Terminal Railroad and, early in 
the Selective Service program, volunteered his services in organizing the 
procedure for the transportation of registrants. His services were so valuable 
and necessary that the State Director prevailed upon the management of 
the Illinois Terminal Railroad to grant Mr. McCoy a leave of absence for 
the duration of Selective Service activities. 

Prof. Paul E. Johnston of the Department of Farm Economics, University 
of Illinois, was appointed Agricultural Advisor to the State Director on 
February 1, 1942 and rendered most valuable gratuitous service to the Sys- 
tem until August of 1945. 

Through the good offices of Dean Howard P. Rusk of the College of 
Agriculture, University of Illinois, Dr. Robert C. Ross, Professor of Farm 
Management at the University, was given permission to assist the State Di- 



27 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



rector on a part-time basis, as Agricultural Advisor, from August 2, 1943 
to March 1, 1944. The problems in connection with agricultural deferment 
requests became so numerous and important that Professor Ross was ap- 
pointed Chief of the Agricultural Division on March 1, 1944 and continued 
in that position, on a full-time compensated basis until March 31, 1947. 

Mr. William H. King, as Administrator of the Cook County Boards of 
Appeal, Mr. Tappan Gregory as Coordinator of the Government Appeal 
Agents in Cook County, and Mr. Stephen E. Hurley, as Coordinator of 
Cook County Advisory Boards for Registrants, all made outstanding contri- 
butions, without compensation, to the System in Illinois. These three exec- 
utives were, at various times, presidents of the Chicago Bar Association. 

As a special advisor on occupational deferments, Professor John Schommer 
of the Illinois Institute of Technology gave his voluntary services in generous 
measure and rendered valuable assistance to the State Director. 

When the Medical Survey Program was put into effect, the State Di- 
rector obtained the uncompensated service of Dr. David Slight, Professor of 
Psychiatry, University of Chicago, as the Medical Survey Advisor. 

FEDERAL, STATE AND LOCAL RELATIONSHIPS 

National Headquarters, under the Direction of Selective Service, was 
the policy-making authority for the entire System. Regulations, memoranda 
and directives on general policy, and "State Director Advices" on adminis- 
tration, were issued to the State by National Headquarters. 

The State Director and his Staff interpreted these publications in the 
light of conditions in Illinois and, wherever necessary, issued supplementary 
publications for the guidance of Local Boards in adapting national policies 
to local conditions in the respective Board areas. 

As is shown in several parts of this volume, State Headquarters main- 
tained close relationship with all agencies under its jurisdiction. Countless 
visits to individual Local Boards were made by the Staff officers and field 
auditors. In addition, the State Director frequently held general meetings 
throughout Illinois, such meetings being attended by Local Board Members, 
Government Appeal Agents, Board of Appeal Members and clerks of the 
Boards. These meetings were usually scheduled concurrently with the ad- 
vent of some new function or significant change of regulations, such as prepa- 
ration for Registration Day, the urgency for reviewing deferments for the 
purpose of obtaining additional needed manpower for the armed forces, 
the inauguration of the veterans' assistance program, etc. These meetings 
served a valuable purpose in promoting a better understanding of the policies 
of National and State Headquarters. 

Illinois maintained most satisfactory liaison with other Federal agencies, 
and received excellent cooperation from the Department of Justice, the 
United States Attorneys, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Bureau of Natur- 



28 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 

alization and Immigration, United States Civil Service Commission, War 
Manpower Commission, United States Department of Agriculture, Office of 
Price Administration, Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. 

The advantageous cooperation received from the Governors of Illinois 
has been set forth elsewhere in this volume. The Adjutants General, like- 
wise, were exceedingly helpful. All other state officials responded generously 
whenever called upon to render any assistance to the Selective Service Sys- 
tem. Effective liaison was also maintained with Department of Public Safety 
(including the State Board of Pardons and Paroles and the various prison 
authorities), Department of Public Welfare, Department of Public Health, 
Illinois Public Aid Commission and the Department of Registration and 
Education. 

PERSONNEL AND FUNCTIONS 

More detailed explanation of the duties of the various Divisions of State 
Headquarters will be presented later in this chapter. 

Following is a roster of the executive personnel of the State Headquar- 
ters staff and their principal assignments, each executive being listed ac- 
cording to the date of his entrance on duty with State Headquarters. Also, 
each officer is shown with the highest rank held during his duty with the 
System in Illinois, some of the officers achieving further promotion after 
transfer to other duty with the armed forces. 



STATE HEADQUARTERS EXECUTIVE STAFF 

Name (and Rank Principal Date assigned Date left 

if Military Officer) Assignments to Illinois System 

Paul G. Armstrong* * * State Director Sept. 18, 1940 July 1, 1947 

After termination of Selective 
Service System, he was appoint- 
ed State Director of the Office of 
Selective Service Records. 

Col. Harris P. Ralston, C. of E.** . . .Deputy State Director Sept. 23, 1940 July 31, 1947 
Reverted to inactive status Oct. and State Occupational 
15, 1946; then received Presiden- Advisor 
tial appointment as Dep. State 
Dir. (Civilian status). Released 
account of completed service. 

Maj. Howard G. Wade, Ord Occupational Advisor Sept. 23, 1940 Aug. 1, 1941 

Transferred to National Head- 
quarters. 

Col. Stanley R. McNeil, AGD* Executive Officer, Chi- Sept. 27, 1940 May 20, 1947 

Retired for physical disability. cago Office 
Lt. Col. Lester S. Johnson, MC State Medical Officer Sept. 27, 1940 Mar. 5, 1941 

Transferred to 33rd Division. 
Col. Clay M. Donner, QMC Executive Officer; also Oct. 17, 1940 Aug. 31, 1942 

Transferred to National Head- Chief of Manpower and 

quarters. Field Divisions 



29 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



STATE HEADQUARTERS EXECUTIVE STAFF— Continued 

Name (and Rank Principal Date assigned Date left 

if Military Officer) Assignments to Illinois System 

Lt. Col. Wm. A. Rodger, FD* Chief, Finance, Procure- Oct. 7, 1940 May 20, 1947 

Retired for physical disability. ment and Supply Divi- 
sion; also State Pro- 
curement Officer 

Lt. Col. Marshall G. Buck, QMC* . . .Chief, Veterans Person- Oct. 7, 1940 May 27, 1947 
Transferred to duty in Alaska. nel Division; also Chief, 

Field Division 

Maj. Charles J. Magnesen, Inf.*. . . .Chief, Personnel Divi- Oct. 7, 1940 Nov. 15, 1946 
Transferred to overseas duty in sion; also Chief Regis- 
Pacific theater. tration and Dependency 

Classification Divisions 

Capt. Joseph U. Dugan, QMC* Chief, Public Relations Oct. 7, 1940 Mar. 12, 1943 

Transferred to overseas duty in Division 
European theater. 

Col. Victor A. Kleber, AGD* Deputy State Director Oct. 10, 1940 Apr. 14, 1947 

Transferred to National Head- (Administration) ; also 
quarters. Chief, Public Relations 

Division 

Leigh N. Bittinger Deputy State Director; Oct. 16, 1940 Nov. 26, 1941 

Resigned to take commercial po- also Assistant State Di- 
sition. rector 

Louis A. Boening Assistant State Director Oct. 16, 1940 Oct. 31, 1945 

Resigned to take commercial po- 
sition. 

Edwin H. Felt Administrative Assist- Oct. 18, 1940 July 1, 1947 

After termination of Selective ant; also Personnel Su- 
Service System, he was appoint- pervisor, Cook County 
ed to position of Assistant State 
Director, Office of Selective Serv- 
ice Records. 

Waldo J. McCoy Transportation Man- Oct. 23, 1940 Aug. 31, 1947 

Released account of establishing ager; also Chief, Per- 
business for himself. sonnel Division 

Lt. Col. Edmond P. Coady, Inf.* . . . .Chief, Manpower Divi- Nov. 6, 1940 Jan. 3, 1947 
Released account of completed sion 
service. 

Maj. Fred W. Jacobi, FD* Assistant Chief and Nov. 7, 1940 Aug. 31, 1947 

Loaned to National Headquar- Chief, Finance, Pro- 
ters from Mar. 17, 1943 to April curement and Supply 
2, 1945, and from Jan. 3, 1947 to Division; also Records 
Mar. 8, 1947. Disposal Officer 

Maj. Baird V. Helfrich, JAGD*. . . .State Legal Officer Mar. 18, 1941 Mar. 7, 1944 

Transferred to Office of Strategic 
Services for overseas service in 
Burma. 

Capt. Walter A. German, QMC Field Officer Mar. 18, 1941 Mar. 16, 1" 1 1 

Transferred to National Head- 
quarters. 

Maj. Corwin S. Mayes, MC State Medical Officer April 4, 1941 Sept. 14, 1941 

Retired for physical disability. 



30 






STATE HEADQUARTERS 



STATE HEADQUARTERS EXECUTIVE STAFF— Continued 

Name (and Rank Principal Date assigned Date left 

if Military Officer) Assignments to Illinois System 

Lt. Comdr. Walter J. Eden, USNR* . Navy Liaison Officer July 1, 1941 Dec. 31, 1945 

Released account of completed 

service. 
Maj. Lloyd W. Warfel, C. of E Occupational Advisor, Aug. 1, 1941 June 16, 1942 

Transferred to Secretary of War Cook County 

Office. 
Lt. Col. E. Mann Hartlett, MC State Medical Officer Oct. 2, 1941 June 7, 1944 

Transferred to National Head- 
quarters. 
Capt. Norman W. Smith, Spec Public Relations, Reg- Apr. 26, 1942 July 29, 1944 

Transferred to overseas duty in istration and Field Di- 

European theater. vision, Cook County 

Lt. Col. Harry W. Taylor* Occupational Advisor; June 6, 1942 May 2, 1947 

Released account of completed also Field Officer, Cook 

service. County 

Lt. Col. Robert H. Sykes, MC* Assistant State Medical June 30, 1942 Jan. 6, 1946 

Released account of completed Officer and State Med- 

service. ical Officer 

Lt. Comdr. Wm. S. Bishop, USNR* .Assistant Navy Liaison July 15, 1942 Mar. 4, 1946 

Released account of completed Officer; also Veterans 

service. Personnel Division, 

Cook County 
Maj. Peter N. Martin, C. of E.* . . . .Occupational Advisor; July 23, 1942 Jan. 31, 1947 

Released account of completed also Manpower and 

service. Field Divisions 

Maj. Sidney T. Holzman, Inf., DSC*. Field Officer, Cook July 24, 1942 Sept. 28, 1945 

Transferred to Regular Army County 

Recruiting Service. 
Maj. John B. Morgan, C. of E.* . . . .Occupational Advisor; Sept. 4, 1942 Oct. 30, 1945 

Released account of completed also Field Officer, Cook 

service. County 

Maj. Wilbur A. Thomas, AUS* Occupational Advisor Feb. 19, 1943 July 12, 1945 

Released account of completed 

service. 
Dr. Robert C. Ross Chief, Agricultural Di- Aug. 2, 1943 May 31, 1946 

Released account of completed vision 

service. 

Maj. James C. Foster, USMCR* . . . .Marine Corps Liaison Apr. 9, 1943 May 16, 1946 
Released account of completed Officer 
service. 

Capt. Kenneth L. Allen, AUS* Occupational Advisor July 8, 1943 Nov. 2, 1945 

Released account of completed 
service. 

Capt. Harry D. Melcher, QMC* Finance, Procurement Aug. 27, 1943 Jan. 21, 1947 

Formerly served at State Head- and Supply Division 
quarters as Master Sgt. from 
Oct. 10, 1940 to Apr. 17, 1943. 
Commissioned and reassigned to 
Illinois Aug. 27, 1943. Trans- 
ferred to overseas duty in Pacific 
area. 



31 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



STATE HEADQUARTERS EXECUTIVE STAFF— Continued 

Name (and Rank Principal Date assigned Date left 

if Military Officer) Assignments to Illinois System 

Maj. William C. Talsey, AUS* Occupational Advisor Sept. 2, 1943 June 26, 1945 

Retired for physical disability. 
Maj. Geo. W. Biggerstaff, Inf.* Occupational Advisor; Oct. 1, 1943 June 30, 1946 

Released account of completed also Records Disposal 

service. Officer 

Lt. Col. E. I. Edwards, Jr., QMC* . . .Occupational Advisor; Oct. 13, 1943 Apr. 16, 1947 

Transferred to National Head- also Assistant Chief, 

quarters. Field Division 

Capt. John E. Egdorf, MAC* Medical Survey Officer Dec. 20, 1943 June 30, 1946 

Released account of completed 

service. 
Capt. Francis W. Lorman, CMP* . . .Induction Station Officer Feb. 3, 1944 Nov. 30, 1946 

Formerly served at State Head- 
quarters as Tech. Sgt. from Oct. 

10, 1940 to Aug. 28, 1943. Com- 
missioned and reassigned to Illi- 
nois Feb. 3, 1944. Released ac- 
count of completed service. 
Capt. Robert J. Turnbull, C. of E.* . .Occupational Advisor; Feb. 1, 1944 Apr. 29, 1946 

Released account of completed also Field Officer 

service. 
Capt. Earl R. Stege, CMP* State Legal Officer Feb. 16, 1944 Apr. 29, 1946 

Released account of completed 

service. 
Capt. Earl H. Blair, MC* Assistant State Medical Mar. 10, 1944 Mar. 26, 1946 

Released account of completed Officer and State Med- 

service. ical Officer 

Capt. Benj. R. Wetenhall, CMP* .... Field Officer Apr. 1, 1944 Oct. 10, 194-4 

Transferred to Prisoner of War 

Section, War Dept. 
Maj. Homer R. Lewis, FA* Field Officer, Cook Feb. 1, 1945 Nov. 25, 1946 

Previously served overseas. County 

Transferred to overseas duty in 

Japan. 
Capt. William R. James, Inf.* Administrative Assistant Apr. 27, 1945 Apr. 29, 1946 

Previously served overseas. 

Released account of completed 

service. 

***Awarded Medal for Merit. 
** Awarded Legion of Merit. 
*Awarded Army Commendation Ribbon. 



It Wouldn't Help Anyway 

A proud registrant called up his Local Board office and reported the birth 
of twins. The clerk at the Board didn't quite catch the message over the phone 
and said "Will you repeat that, please." 

"Not if I can help it." was the reply. 



32 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 




SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



ILLINOIS STATE HEADQUARTERS STAFF IN 1943 

On the preceding page are shown State Director Armstrong and members 
of his staff on September 19, 1943. Where an asterisk (*) is shown, the 
officer was then assigned to duty at the Chicago office. Military rank 
shown is the highest achieved while on active duty with the Selective 
Service System. In the picture, from left to right, are: 

BOTTOM ROW: Lt. Col. William A. Rodger, Col. Victor A. Kleber, 
Col. Harris P. Ralston, Colonel Armstrong, Col. Louis A. Boening*, 
Col. Stanley R. McNeil*, Lt. Col. E. Mann Hartlett. 

MIDDLE ROW: Lt. Col. Marshall G. Buck, Lt. Col. Harry W. Taylor*, 
Lt. Col. Edmund P. Coady, Lt. Col. Robert H. Sykes, Prof. Robert C. 
Ross, Maj. Baird V. Helfrich, Maj. William C. Talsey*, Maj. Wilbur A. 
Thomas, Maj. James C. Foster, USMCR. 

TOP ROW: Edwin H. Felt*, Maj. John B. Morgan*, Lt. Comdr. William 
S. Bishop*, USNR, Maj. Walter A. German, Maj. Peter N. Martin, Prof. 
John Schommer*, Maj. Sidney T. Holzman*, Maj. Charles J. Magnesen, 
Capt. Kenneth L. Allen, Capt. Norman W. Smith*, Capt. Harry W. 
Melcher. 

Lt. Comdr. Walter J. Eden, USNR, and Waldo J. McCoy were also mem- 
bers of the Staff in September of 1943, but were not able to be present 
for the above picture. Maj. Fred W. Jacobi, while a member of the Illi- 
nois Staff, was on loan to National Headquarters at Washington. 

THE STATE DIRECTOR'S FIRST STAFF 

On the opposite page are shown State Director Armstrong and the mem- 
bers of his first staff. An asterisk (*) denotes assignment to duty at the 
Chicago office of State Headquarters. Military rank shown is the highest 
achieved while on active duty with the Selective Service System in Illinois. 
In the picture, left to right, are : 

BOTTOM ROW: Col. Harris P. Ralston, Lt. Col. Leigh N. Bittinger, 
Col. Armstrong, Col. Louis A. Boening*, Col. Stanley R. McNeil*. 

MIDDLE ROW: Col. Clay M. Donner, Col. Victor A. Kleber* f Lt. Col. 
William A. Rodger, Lt. Col. Marshall G. Buck, Maj. Lester S. Johnson, 
Lt. Col. Edmund P. Coady, Maj. Baird V. Helfrich. 

TOP ROW: Edwin H. Felt*, Prof. John Schommer*, Maj. Fred W. 
Jacobi*, Capt. Joseph U. Dugan, Capt. Walter A. German, Maj. Charles 
J. Magnesen. 



34 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 




SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



STAFF MEMBERS NOT SHOWN IN GROUP PHOTOS 





SIGNAL CORPS PHOTO 

COL. EDWARD A. FITZPATRICK 

Special Adviser to 

the State Director 

September-October, 1940 



MORTON HARVEY PHOTO 

MAJ. HOWARD G. WADE 

Occupational Advisor, 

Cook County, 

September, 1940 to 

August, 1941 






JEROME FRITZ PHOTO 

MAJ. CORWIN S. MAYES HON. TAPPAN GREGORY MAJ. LLOYD W. WARFEL 

State Medical Officer, Coordinator, Occupational Advisor, 

April, 1941 to Government Cook County, 

September, 1941 Appeal Agents August, 1941 to 

Cook County, June, 1942 
March, 1941 to 
March, 1947 



36 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 



ADDITIONAL STAFF MEMBERS 
NOT SHOWN IN GROUP PHOTOS 





PROF. PAUL E. JOHNSTON 

Dep't of Farm Economics 

University of Illinois 

Agricultural Advisor 

February, 1942 to August, 1945 



CAPT. BENJ. R. WETENHALL 

Field Officer, Springfield 
April, 1944 to October, 1944 




:::m 





HON. 
STEPHEN E. HURLEY 
Coordinator, 
Registrants 11 Advisory- 
Boards, Cook County 
March, 1941 to 
March, 1947 



DR. DAVID SLIGHT 

Professor, 

Dep't of Psychiatry 

University of Chicago 

Medical Survey Advisor, 

October, 1943 to 

August, 1946 



CURTIS STILLWELL 

Special 

Coordinator 

September, 1940 to 

March, 1947 



37 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



NON-EXECUTIVE CIVILIAN COMPENSATED PERSONNEL 

Secretaries, stenographers, typists and clerks at State Headquarters were 
obtained through the cooperation of, and in accordance with the rules and 
regulations of the United States Civil Service Commission. Therefore, the 
employes were free of outside influences and were able to progress strictly 
according to their own demonstrated ability and industry. 

Time after time, these employes manifested their loyalty and willing- 
ness to make their contributions to patriotic necessity far more than could 
be measured in terms of material compensation. In stress times, they re- 
peatedly worked overtime — even long hours nights and Sundays — without 
compensation, or with compensatory time off. The normal work week was 
forty-eight hours for the greater part of the entire operation, but many of 
the employes worked sixty hours a week and over whenever it was necessary 
to keep abreast of critical work. 

The majority of the compensated employes who began their service at 
State Headquarters in 1940 or early 1941 remained at their posts until the 
closing of the program when slackening work forced their release. Time 
after time, these "pioneers" refused offers from other agencies and organiza- 
tions — in spite of being tendered higher pay and shorter working hours. 

The following list shows the non-executive civilian personnel who were 
employed at State Headquarters (at either Springfield or Chicago) with 
the month and year each entered the service of the System and the month 
and year of their release from Selective Service employment at Illinois State 
Headquarters. 



NON-EXECUTIVE CIVILIAN EMPLOYES OF 
STATE HEADQUARTERS 

Springfield Office 

Name Entered on duty Left 

Adair, Ruth V March 22, 1913 June 17, 1946 

Adrian, Agnes January 3,1942 March 26, 1944 

Armstrong, Jane T November 27, 1940 November 4, 1942 

Banaitis, Vito F November 16, 1940 March 11, 1942 

Barniskis, Muriel C November 25, 19 10 October 31, 1941 

Bensch, Francis L November 12, 1011 December 16, 1941 

Berger, Glen H October 28, 191°) July 11, 1947 

Beveridge, Joseph I January 12, 1942 March 31, 19 18 

Blackwood, Carolyn P March 5, 1941 August 17, 19 17 

Borden, Charles October 29, 19 10 July 31, 1947 

Bower, William H October 24, 1940 July 31, 1947 

Bowman, Loretta December 12, 1941 July 31, 1943 

Brockschmidt, Marian K November 12, 1941 January 14, 1946 



38 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 



NON-EXECUTIVE CIVILIAN COMPENSATED PERSONNELr-CWmaed 



Springfield Office 
Name Entered on duty 

Burch, Eleanora A May 9, 1944 

Burger, Betty R October 21, 1940 

Burns, Harry October 12, 1944 

Cadigan, Catherine M January 1, 1943 

Coan, Charles October 18, 1940 

Cobb, Helen M October 11, 1940 

Coulter, Russell D October 26, 1940 

Crawford, Roceil February 2, 1942 

Crookston, Dorothy J July 6, 1942 

Crump, Virginia December 26, 1941 

Cunniff, William M October 23, 1940 

Curry, Mary F March 30, 1942 

Davis, Bobbette K June 21, 1943 

Deames, Germaine M October 10, 1943 

Devine, Thomas J October 18, 1940 

Dittmar, Lois H April 22, 1942 

Doherty, Betty A August 29, 1941 

Donohue, Marjorie A October 5, 1942 

Dudda, Gertrude E August 23, 1943 

Egan, John R October 18, 1945 

Eldridge, A. Eileen May 29, 1944 

Erickson, Marjorie M April 16, 1942 

Ferreira, Edna V October 12, 1940 

Firke, William F July 1, 1941 

Fitch, Gerald G October 21, 1940 

Flinn, Christine S April 3, 1941 

Flinn, Raymond E November 8, 1940 

Flynn, Virginia G January 4, 1944 

Franklin, Betty R February 10, 1944 

Freeark, Mary B January 24, 1944 

Furman, Eleanor W August 30, 1943 

Gallett, Claude W October 23, 1940 

Geist, Mary M May 6, 1941 

Gillan, Walter H October 21, 1940 

Goulet, Joseph E June 21, 1943 

Graham, Josephine B February 16, 1942 

Grintson, Robert E November 6, 1944 

Grissom, Louis E October 18, 1940 



Left 

February 16, 1945 
March 22, 1945 
August 15, 1947 

December 5, 1945 
October 21, 1945 
September 8, 1944 
July 31, 1947 
April 16, 1943 
October 7, 1946 
April 4, 1947 
July 31, 1947 
June 30, 1947 

September 11, 1944 
July 31, 1947 
July 31, 1947 
December 29, 1944 
January 16, 1943 
May 31, 1944 
July 14, 1945 

August 30, 1947 
May 22, 1946 
July 31, 1947 

July 31, 1947 
March 27, 1945 
June 25, 1945 
March 31, 1948 
July 21, 1946 
September 29, 1946 
December 21, 1945 
September 24, 1945 
September 14, 1945 

July 31, 1947 
July 11, 1947 
July 31, 1947 
May 31, 1944 
August 24, 1947 
August 15, 1947 
July 31, 1947 



39 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



NON-EXECUTIVE CIVILIAN COMPENSATED PERSONNEI^Contf/med 



Springfield Office 

Name Entered on duty 

Hagar. Martha J October 16, 1940 

Halberg, Juliana D June 13, 1941 

Haley, Paul H November 29, 1940 

Hamilton, Helen October 14, 1940 

Harford, Andrew J July 20, 1942 

Hayes, Ernestine B June 28, 1943 

Hildenstein, Ellen E July 28, 1942 

Hogan, Mary J January 2, 1945 

Holmberg, Nina M July 15, 1943 

Holt, Arthur S October 19, 1940 

Hornbeck, Walter L November 18, 1940 

Hostick, Catherine R January 24, 1944 

Housh, Marjorie M July 11, 1945 

Humphrey, Mary E November 9, 1943 

Humphries, Henry, Jr August 3, 1942 

Ianson, Agnes M August 24, 1942 

Ingerski, Doris C December 29, 1941 

Jacobs, Roscoe C January 6, 1942 

Jones, Dorothy M December 1, 1941 

Kennedy, Teresa V September 7, 1942 

Keslick, Lucile April 11, 1941 

King, Ira April 1, 1941 

Kingdon, Clyde October 26, 1940 

Kinsey, Ruth E February 25, 1944 

Knepler, Rose C January 8, 1944 

Korkok, Ruby B October 13, 1943 

Kruzick, Kay M June 2. 1943 

La Rue, Dorothy J December 30, 1941 

Lasher, Clayton S November 14. 1940 

Long, Kathern K October 11, 1940 

Lochbaum, Isabel S December 22, 1941 

Lukens, Mary C May 5, 1943 

McAfee, Margaret S December 29. 1941 

McCaleb, Beulah M October 10, 1940 

McDonald, Mary E January 27, 19 11 

McGeath, James G May 12, 1941 

McGowan, Bernadine May 3, 1944 

Marrs, Edith E March 6, 1944 

Mayfield, Jess J March 7. 1945 



Left 

August 8, 1942 
March 8, 1942 
February 3, 1946 
December 7, 1941 
December 3, 1945 
December 30, 1944 
June 9, 1945 
December 11, 1945 
October 9, 1944 
December 12, 1943 
May 12. 1946 
June 19, 1945 
October 17, 1946 
November 6, 1944 
March 31, 1944 

April 1, 1946 
May 26, 1945 

July 1, 1947 
June 4, 1944 

June 30, 1947 
July 26, 1947 
February 3, 1945 
October 19, 1944 
May 25, 1945 
April 10, 1946 
January 2, 1946 
September 23, 1946 

December 9, 1941 
July 31, 1947 
February 4, 1946 
March 15. 1946 
February 7, 1945 

August 21, 1945 
June 30, 1947 
December 26, 1945 
October 11. 1943 
June 30, 191-7 
June 30. 1947 
July 1, 1947 



40 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 



NON-EXECUTIVE CIVILIAN COMPENSATED PERSO^NEl^^Continaed 



Springfield Office 
Name Entered on duty 

Meacham, Eva S July 21, 1942 

Merritt, Pauline M December 11. 1942 

Metz, Mary E April 1, 1941 

Milkovich, Pauline February 3, 1942 

Miller, Margaret J October 14, 1940 

Mitchell. Jeanette M June 30, 1941 

Mohlenhoff, Emily M January 2. 1942 

Moore, Helen S June 10, 1944 

Moos, Alice A December 27, 1940 

Naber, William H January 20, 19 11 

Nickels, Violet M October 16, 1940 

O'Bryan, Roland F June 11, 1946 

O'Connor, Florence A February 16. 1942 

Odom, June G July 16. 1945 

Oliver, Nelda K February 14, 1944 

Olson, Josephine K October 10, 1940 

Osborn, Evalyn M October 11, 1940 

Paine, Isabelle A April 19, 1944 

Palman, Morris October 17, 1940 

Pearce, Frederick L October 25, 1940 

Pehlman, Carl E November 7, 1940 

Peters, Anna B October 14, 1940 

Peters, Dorothy M March 23, 1945 

Peterson, Vivian L May 11. 1942 

Pfeifer, Margaret M January 5, 1942 

Pronto, Marie T November 22, 1940 

Ramey, Nettie E November 11, 1943 

Rash, Lauren E May 12, 1941 

Reesor, Ola October 19, 1942 

Reilly, Lillian A June 10, 1943 

Reisch, Susanne M September 1, 1943 

Rice, Abigail December 14. 1942 

Riddel, Marie A January 10, 1945 

Ruddell, Marie L February 16, 1942 

Rudolph, Roy H October 21, 1940 

Ryan, Imelda J July 8, 1942 

Ryde, Albert P October 30, 1940 

Samuel, H. Gene January 14, 1941 

Sankey, Katherine C June 1, 1943 



Left 

February 5, 1946 
October 24, 1944 
September 23, 1946 
June 20, 1947 
June 20, 1947 
May 31, 1942 
March 6, 1946 
April 1. 1947 
July 1, 1947 

March 31, 1947 
July 31, 1947 

July 31, 1947 
July 31, 1947 
June 30, 1947 
June 21, 1946 
January 16, 1945 
March 10, 1946 

March 22, 1946 
October 26. 1945 
February 25, 1944 
November 12, 1945 
July 31, 1947 
December 31, 1946 
March 8, 1946 
July 31, 1947 
January 22, 1946 

July 11. 1947 
November 19, 1942 
July 31, 1947 
August 5, 1947 
October 12, 1945 
January 4, 1945 
January 6, 1946 
May 12, 1946 
July 31, 1947 
November 22, 1946 
August 1, 1947 

February 28, 1946 
July 14, 1944 



41 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



NON-EXECUTIVE CIVILIAN COMPENSATED PERSONNEL— Co/iftnucrf 



Springfield Office 
Name Entered on duty 

Sanner, Marjorie April 8, 1941 

Sargeant, Elma A October 18, 1943 

Saylor, Alva J February 16, 1942 

Schienle, Carlyne K August 12, 1943 

Scott, Oren E March 4, 1946 

Shaw, M. Clarice September 1, 1942 

Simpson, Cecil C October 18, 1940 

Simpson, Maridall July 1, 1943 

Spille, Fred S June 17, 1942 

Stahl, Anita February 11, 1942 

Sullivan, Frances E August 1, 1942 

Sullivan, Helyn S December 1, 1942 

Swope, Marian L January 14, 1944 

Taylor, Ruby B October 16, 1940 

Thomas, Velma H November 1, 1943 

Thompson, Lois M February 15, 1945 

Thon, Ann January 2, 1942 

Todd, Edna B October 15, 1940 

Vanlandingham, Faye I June 2, 1944 

Vickers, Emory H October 31, 1940 

Wallace, Myra B January 2, 1942 

Weiler, Joseph J October 25, 1940 

Wheatfill, Fern G March 28, 1944 

Williamson, Frances L November 12, 1943 

Wise, Leona L March 22, 1943 

Wolf, Edwin C April 1, 1941 

Zoch, James E February 2, 1946 

Zoch, Wanda E November 25, 1940 

Chicago Office 

Abrams, Rose J May 4, 1944 

Anderson, Esther December 27, 1940 

Askin, Eleanor L February 16, 1943 

Barber, Edna S July 26, 1943 

Beeskow, Elizabeth M April 28, 1942 

Bitterli, Arthur C October 27, 19 10 

Blanchard, Winifred A October 28, 1940 

Brill, Shirley January 24, 1944 



Left 

January 31, 1946 
December 14, 1945 
February 23, 1943 
December 5, 1944 
March 1, 1948 
July 29, 1944 
July 31, 1947 
September 21, 1944 
August 30, 1947 
July 18, 1944 
February 28, 1947 
June 30, 1947 
September 28, 1945 

October 4, 1943 
December 27, 1945 
March 21, 1946 
July 31, 1947 
July 28, 1946 

December 13, 1946 
July 11, 1947 

February 1, 1946 
July 31, 1947 
June 30, 1947 
August 2, 1945 
April 18, 1946 
March 31, 1948 

June 30, 1947 
March 31, 1948 



September 5, 1944 
June 30, 1947 
March 31, 1946 

May 31, 1947 
August 1, 1947 
July 1, 1947 
December 1, 1942 
October 7, 1946 



42 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 



NON-EXECUTIVE CIVILIAN COMPENSATED FERSONNEI^C ontinued 

Springfield Office 

Name Entered on duty Left 

Carlson, Ann October 26, 1940 May 25, 1947 

Cairo, Evelyn L April 8, 1944 July 31, 1946 

Connors, Nancy M October 5, 1942 September 18, 1943 

Daley, Clara M May 16, 1942 February 17, 1946 

Daugherty, Margaret May 10, 1941 February 20, 1946 

Dubil, Sophia L February 19, 1942 August 31, 1944 

Duffy, Jeanne C October 16, 1942 November 9, 1945 

Dungan, Seville I April 1, 1942 July 2, 1947 

Dwyer, Dulcie B December 30, 1940 April 21, 1946 

Erbach, Elsie E October 29, 1940 January 6, 1943 

Esterly, Mabel April 10, 1942 October 7, 1946 

Gembolish, Marie S October 22, 1940 June 30, 1947 

Graffy, Madeline C October 28, 1940 July 1, 1947 

Hailman, Harriet C October 10, 1940 September 12, 1942 

Hamalian, Elizabeth M November 18, 1940 February 20, 1943 

Hanson, Olive G December 6, 1942 May 31, 1947 

Holcomb, Mary J December 1, 1942 November 9, 1944 

Jung, Matilda H March 3, 1943 November 23, 1945 

Kaeser, Dolores M July 1, 1944 October 17, 1946 

Kaminsky, Lillian April 19, 1944 September 23, 1945 

Kelly, Margaret H July 30, 1941 November 27, 1943 

Kerwin, Mae W June 17, 1942 September 30, 1946 

Kinney, Marie W January 18, 1943 July 4, 1947 

Korsland, Olga M May 12, 1942 June 30, 1947 

Lacey, Clyde M June 30, 1945 June 30, 1947 

Litzkow, Elaine R March 2, 1943 February 1, 1946 

McMahon, Mary March 14, 1941 January 25, 1944 

Mason, Lillian W October 10, 1940 October 1, 1942 

Mitchell, Lucille M July 27, 1942 November 10, 1944 

Norton, Mary B May 3, 1944 July 31, 1946 

Orlich, Mary April 10, 1944 June 24, 1946 

Parker, Elnor E February 18, 1945 October 7, 1946 

Peri, Marie F .August 20, 1942 October 31, 1945 



43 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



NON-EXECUTIVE CIVILIAN COMPENSATED PERSONNEL— Continued 



Chicago Office 
Name Entered on duty 

Plummer, Marie E July 6, 1942 

Reszel, Antoinette L March 20, 1941 

Riggs, Rosemary E October 12, 1940 

Ringler, Lucille January 2, 1942 

Rogers, Eileen M May 18, 1942 

Rubin, Betty C March 1, 1944 

Russell, Helen L August 24, 1942 

Rynder, Mary A March 9, 1942 

Salavatore, Lucille D February 19. 1943 

Sarbacker, Kathryn M July 9, 1945 

Saunders, Anne E July 13, 1942 

Schenden, Marguerite July 16, 1942 

Sheehan, Raymond P October 8, 1940 

Smithwick, Eleanor L January 2, 1942 

Snoddy, Mildred November 18, 1943 

Stautis, Helen V January 13, 1941 

Stephenson, Marie A November 17, 1943 

Stogdell, Clarence L September 27, 1943 

Swain, J. D August 18, 1945 

Torrey, Edith July 27, 1942 

Vinje, Hulda A December 21, 1942 

Von Langworth, Gladys S November 15, 1940 

Walsh, May L March 14, 1941 

Wasilewski, Mabel N February 1, 1945 

Wennerberg, Chester C January 12, 1942 

Wheeler, Darlene B December 16, 1940 

Winters, Helen M January 2, 1942 



Left 

May 31, 1945 
July 1, 1947 
July 7, 1942 
February 8, 1944 
May 9, 1947 
May 5, 1945 
January 9, 1946 
February 1, 1946 

February 22, 1946 
February 21, 1946 
March 17, 1946 
March 31, 1946 
March 11, 1946 
January 27, 1946 
September 30, 1946 
February 18, 1943 
September 16, 1945 
October 18. 1944 
May 9, 1947 

May 15, 1946 

January 30, 1946 
August 22, 1942 

January 24, 1944 
July 12, 1946 
September 14, 1944 
May 17, 1946 
February 2, 1917 



ft 



Speaking of Patriots! 

What was probably the Nation's record in "family action" in volunteering 
for induction into military service occurred in the case of the five Harkless 
brothers of Peoria — Burrell, Weldon, John, Leonard and Fred. The five 
brothers, part of a family of fourteen children, all volunteered at one time 
and reported for induction on May 6, 1941. 



44 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 




ILLINOIS STATE REGISTER PHOTO 

STATE DIRECTOR AND ENLISTED DETACHMENT 
OF STATE HEADQUARTERS 

The above photo was taken just prior to the transfer of the enlisted 
detachment (except Sergeants Bailey, Lau, Musialek and Smith) to the 
Army Finance School at Fort Benjamin Harrison. Shown, left to right, 
front row, are: Sgt. Jay W. Bailey, Sgt. William H. Pronto, Sgt. Walter 
Ignatchuk, Colonel Armstrong, Sgt. Walton Leach, M/Sgt. James E. 
Zoch; rear row, left to right, are: S/Sgt. John R. Egan, T/Sgt. Francis 
W. Lorman, Sgt. Donald F. Lau, S/Sgt. Charles A. Lucas, Sgt. Robert 
Noesges, T/Sgt. Clifford S. L. Griffin. Other enlisted men who were 
members of the detachment at the time, but not present for the photo 
were: T/Sgt. Vincent H. Egan, T/Sgt. Harold R. Smith, Sgt. George W. 
Donnelly, Sgt. Stanley Musialek. 



45 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



ENLISTED DETACHMENT 



Fifteen enlisted men of the Finance Department and the Quartermaster 
Corps of the Illinois National Guard were inducted into Federal service on 
October 10, 1940, and assigned to the Finance, Procurement and Supply 
Division of Illinois State Headquarters. They were: 

M/Sgt. Harry D. Melcher, FD*f Sgt. Jay W. Bailey, QMCf 

M/Sgt. James E. Zoch, FD*f Sgt. George W. Donnelly, FD 

T/Sgt. Vincent H. Egan, FD* Sgt. Walter Ignatchuk, QMC*f 

T/Sgt. Clifford S. L. Griffin, FD*| Sgt. Walton Leach, QMC* 

T/Sgt. Francis W. Lorman, FDf Sgt. Stanley Musialek 

T/Sgt. Harold R. Smith, QMC Sgt. Robert Moesges, FD* 

S/Sgt. John R. Eganf Sgt. William H. Pronto, FD* 
S/Sgt. Charles A. Lucas 

In the early days of organization, these men toiled from fifteen to 
eighteen hours a day — frequently more — receiving, packing and shipping 
countless forms, office equipment and supplies for the various local and 
appeal boards in the State. They also performed administrative and clerical 
duties concerning the pay of civilian personnel, travel of local and appeal 
board members, preparation of purchase orders and vouchering of all 
accounts. Several of the enlisted men supervised civilian employes in the 
performance of their duties in the Finance, Procurement and Supply Division. 

The original group of enlisted men served faithfully until August 30. 
1943 when all except Sergeants Bailey, Musialek and Smith were transferred 
to Army Finance School at Fort Benjamin Harrison for service with the Army 
Ground Forces. Subsequently, a number of them were promoted and served 
overseas. Sergeants Melcher and Lorman were graduated from Officers 
Candidate School, commissioned and returned to duty at Illinois State Head- 
quarters. Sergeant Smith was later discharged because of physical disability, 
and Sergeant Musialek was released because of being over age. Sergeant 
Bailey enlisted in the Regular Army in November of 1945, but continued with 
State Headquarters until February of 1947, at which time he was transferred 
to duty with Fifth Army Headquarters in Chicago. 

Subsequent to the transfer of the original group listed above, three other 
enlisted men reported for duty at State Headquarters: 

Sgt. Donald F. Lau, who reported on November 23, 1942 and served in 
the Finance, Procurement and Supply Division until December 1, 
1943, at which time he was transferred to the Quartermaster Corps 
Officers Candidate School at Camp Lee. \ irginia. 



* Served overseas. 

t Awarded Army Commendation Ribbon for work with Selective Service. 

$ Awarded Purple Heart Medal for wounds in action in Europe. 



46 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 



Sgt. William P. Butcher, an attorney in civilian life, who reported on 
May 1, 1944 and assisted the State Legal Officer until he was trans- 
ferred to Fifth Army Headquarters in July of 1945. 

Corp. Francis M. Thompson, a veteran of the Canadian Army in World 
War I, who reported on October 8, 1942 and functioned in the 
Finance, Procurement and Supply Division until April 3, 1943, when 
he was released on his request for discharge because of being over 
the current military age. 

ORGANIZATION OF STAFF FUNCTIONS 

From the outset, the administration of Selective Service in Illinois was 
under the direction of the State Director whose office was located at Spring- 
field. At first, nine divisions were established at the Springfield office, func- 
tioning under the immediate supervision of Assistant State Director Leigh 
N. Bittinger, each Division Chief being responsible State-wide for the proper 
accomplishments of the functions assigned to his partciular division. 

In Cook County, the branch office operated under the supervision of 
Assistant State Director Louis A. Boening, four Section Chiefs serving as 
coordinators on the various functions. 

Colonel Bittinger served as Assistant State Director until October 12, 
1941, on which date he was advanced to the position of Deputy State Director. 
After his resignation on November 26, 1941 — to become Superintendent of 
The Chicago Home for Incurables — Col. Clay M. Donner was appointed 
Executive Officer. 

Late in 1942, State Director Armstrong deemed it advisable to reorganize 
his staff in the interest of increased efficiency. His reorganization, effective 
on November 7, 1942, established two Departments and twelve Divisions. 
In the accompanying listing, the Chiefs of the various divisions are listed 
from the beginning of the Selective Service program. 

STATE HEADQUARTERS ORGANIZATION 

DEPARTMENTS 
Operations Department — 

Col. Harris P. Ralston, C of E, Deputy State Director. This department 
included the activities concerned with registration, classification, man- 
power calls and functional operations of Local Boards. 

Administrative Department — 

Col. Victor A. Kleber, AGD., Deputy State Director. This department 
included the activities concerned with personnel, finance and procure- 
ment, legal matters, physical examination procedure, field inspections, 
public relations and general administrative procedure. 



47 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

DIVISIONS 

Finance, Procurement and Supply Division — 

Chiefs: Lt. Col Wm. A. Rodger, FD, from October 10, 1940 to May 12, 
1947 

Maj. Fred W. Jacobi, FD, from May 12, 1947 to September 31, 
1947 

Duties : 

1. Preparation of the budget to cover fiscal requirements; 

2. Obligation of all funds for necessary purchases and other expenditures, 
including rents and payrolls, authorized by the State Director; 

3. Procurement of furniture, equipment and supplies; 

4. Leasing of and alterations on all leased property; 

5. Arrangements for necessary transportation for registrants and Selective 
Service personnel; 

6. Arrangement for meals and lodging for registrants forwarded for 
physical examination and/or induction; 

7. Preparation of vouchers for payment of rents, furniture, equipment 
and supplies; 

8. Maintenance, including protection, of all Federally-owned automo- 
biles and other property under the care of the Illinois Selective Service 
System ; 

9. Maintenance of a comprehensive accounting system; 

10. Until May 17, 1943, this division handled payrolls for compensated 
personnel. This function was then transferred to the Personnel Divi- 
sion. 

Personnel Division — 

Chiefs: Maj. Charles J. Magnesen, Inf., from October 10, 1940 to October 

29, 1946 

Mr. Waldo J. McCoy from November 4, 1946 to August 29, 1947 
Assistant Chief for Cook County: Mr. Edwin II. Felt 

Duties : 

1. Procurement and assignment of all compensated civilian non-executive 
personnel necessary for the operation of State Headquarters, Local 
Boards and Boards of Appeal; 

2. Maintenance of records of compensated civilian personnel: 

3. Preparation of compensated civilian employes payrolls (and also 
certification of same after May 17, 1943) for transmission to the 
Finance Officer, United States Army, Chicago; 



48 






STATE HEADQUARTERS 

4. Liaison with the United States Civil Service Commission on matters 
pertaining to the employment of civilian compensated personnel; 

5. Responsibility for sales of war and victory bonds and maintenance of 
records of same. 

Registration Division — 

Chief: Maj. Charles J. Magnesen, Inf. 
Duties : 

1. Liaison with election officials in connection with First Registration; 

2. Supervisory management of subsequent registrations; 

3. Advice to Local Boards on registration and processing of registration 
cards ; 

4. Clearance of out-of-State and out-of-Board-area registration cards; 

5. Liaison with prisons, jails and insane asylums in connection with 
registration of inmates of such institutions; 

6. Maintenance of State Headquarters registration records. 

Occupational Deferment Division — 

Chief: Col. Harris P. Ralston, C of E. 
Duties: 

1. Advice to Local Boards on all occupational deferments including 
scientific engineers and professional students; (NOTE: This division 
handled agricultural deferment matters in the early part of the pro- 
gram. This function was later transferred to another division.) 

2. Issuance of policies in regard to replacement schedules and advice and 
assistance to employers in the preparation thereof. 

3. Processing of all industrial employment certification forms; 

4. Participation in instructional meetings of the Illinois Manufacturers 
Association, Chicago Association of Commerce and other industrial 
groups on the subject of industrial occupational deferment; 

5. Processing of deferment requests for physicians, dentists and veteri- 
narians certified by the Procurement and Assignment Service; 

6. Advice to Local Boards on registrants' requests for permits to leave the 
United States. 

Dependency Classification Division — 

Chief: Maj. Charles J. Magnesen, Inf. 
Duties : 

1. Advice to Local Boards on interpretation of regulations pertaining to 
dependency classifications; 

2. Assistance to Local Boards in obtaining special dependency investi- 
gations; 



49 



SELECTIVE SERVICE I\ ILLINOIS 

3. Coordinator in classifications of penal institution inmates requesting 
parole for the purpose of entering the armed forces. 

4. Liaison with Special Panel Boards, penal institutions and the Illinois 
Board of Pardons and Paroles. 

Agricultural Division — 

Chief: Prof. Robert C. Ross. 
Advisor: Prof. Paul E. Johnston. 

Duties: (NOTE: Agricultural deferments became such an important and 
voluminous part of occupational deferments that a special Division was 
set up on August 2, 1943 to deal exclusively with agricultural deferment 
problems.) 

1. Advise State Director on Agricultural deferment policies and status 
of agricultural employment and production in Illinois; 

2. Advise Local Boards on agricultural deferment matters; 

3. Liaison with agricultural associations, United States Department of 
Agriculture War Boards, the Extension Service, farm bureaus, farm 
advisers, and other agricultural agencies, regarding agricultural de- 
ferment policies; 

4. Preparation of Illinois Agricultural Questionnaire used for obtaining 
evidence necessary in connection with agricultural deferment claims: 

5. Recommendations on applications for release from armed forces be- 
cause of agricultural necessity. 

Manpower Division — 

Chiefs : 

Col. Clay M. Donner, QMC, from October 10, 1940 to September 1, 1942 
Lt. Col. Edmund P. Coady, Inf., from September 1, 1942 to January 29. 

1947 
Lt. Col. Marshall G. Buck, QMC, from February 1, 1947 to May 12, 1947 

Duties : 

1. Apportioning of manpower calls received from the National Di- 
rector to Local Boards; 

2. Liaison with the Armed Forces Induction Station in connection with 
manpower calls; 

3. Processing of transfers for physical examination and/or induction: 
1. Advice to Local Boards on classification of aliens; processing of 

forms for such aliens; 
5. Advice to Local Board- on classification of conscientious objector>: 
processing orders for const ientious objectors to report to camps of 
work of national importance; 



50 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 

6. Advice to Local Boards on classification of ministers of religion and 
divinity students; 

7. Maintenance of induction records, including statistics. 

Medical Division — 

State Medical Officers: 

Lt. Col. Lester S. Johnson, MC, from October 10, 1940 to March 5, 1941 
Maj. Corwin S. Mayes, MC, from April 1, 1941 to September 14, 1941 
Lt. Col. E. Mann Hartlett, MC, from September 29, 1941 to June 1, 1944 
Lt. Col. Robert H. Sykes, MC, from June 1, 1944 to January 15, 1946 
Capt. Earl H. Blair, MC, from January 16, 1946 to March 26, 1946 

Duties : 

1. Assistance in obtaining the voluntary services of physicians and 
dentists necessary in the operation of Selective Service in Illinois; 

2. Supervision and coordination of physical examinations, and liaison 
with, Local Boards and Group Examining Physicians and Dentists and 
Medical Advisory Boards; 

3. Interpretation of and advice on regulations pertaining to physical 
examination of registrants; 

4. Advice to Local Boards on classification of physicians, dentists and 
veterinarians and students for these professions; 

5. Liaison with the Procurement and Assignment Service on matters per- 
taining to the availability of physicians, dentists and veterinarians for 
military service; processing of forms submitted in this connection; 

6. Operation of Medical Survey Program (Dr. David Slight, Director, 
and Lt. John E. Egdorf, Assistant Director) ; 

7. Processing of registrants selected for correction of physical defects 
through the Governor's Rehabilitation Program. 

Field Division — 

Chiefs : 

Col. Leigh N. Bittinger, from October 15, 1940 to October 12, 1941 
Col. Clay M. Donner, QMC, from October 12, 1941 to August 31, 1942 
Lt. Col. Marshall G. Buck, QMC, from August 31, 1942 to December 3, 

1944 
Assistant Chiefs: 

Capt. Norman W. Smith, Spec, Ass't at Chicago from August 31, 1942 

to July 29, 1944 
Lt. Col. E. I. Edwards, QMC, Ass't from December 8, 1944 to April 14. 

1947 
Duties : 

1. Assignment and direction of Field Officers; 

UN N t folTY OF ILLINOIS' 
51 LIBRARY 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

2. Training, assignment and direction of Field Auditors; 

3. Maintenance of Local Board inspection records; 

(NOTE: Field Auditors operating in the downstate area had their 
base station at Springfield; those operating in Cook County were 
based at Chicago.) 

Legal Division — 

State Legal Officers: 

Maj. Baird Helfrich, JAGD, from October 10, 1940 to March 1, 1944 
Capt. Earl R. Stege, CMP, from March 1, 1944 to April 24, 1946 

Duties : 

1. Advice to State Director, Staff, Local Boards, Boards of Appeal, and 
Government Appeal Agents on legal questions pertaining to the 
Selective Service regulations; 

2. Processing of appeal cases passing through State Headquarters; 

3. Advice to Local Boards on classification of moral basis (Class IV-F, 
Moral) ; 

4. Processing of transfers for classification; 

5. Maintenance of records, including statistics, on delinquents; 

6. Liaison with and assistance to United States Attorneys in cases involv- 
ing violations of the Selective Training and Service Act and regula- 
tions ; 

7. Clearance of files of conscientious objector claimants granted hear- 
ings by hearing officers in United States Attorneys' offices; 

8. Supervision of procurement of Government Appeal Agents and 
Advisory Boards for Registrants — including maintenance of records 
pertaining to their service; 

9. Liaison with Government Appeal Agents and Boards of Appeals; 
10. Liaison with State and Local Bar Associations. 

Veterans 9 Assistance Division — 

Chief: Lt. Col. Marshall G. Buck, QMC 
Assistant Chief for Cook County: 

Lt. Comdr. William S. Bishop, USINR 

Duties : 

1. Instructional and coordinating contact with Local Boards and Re- 
employment Committeemen on matters regarding reemployment of 

veterans ; 

2. Conduct regional meetings on reemployment matters; 

.'). Assistance in establishment of local information and employment 
centers for veterans; 



52 






STATE HEADQUARTERS 

4. Liaison with United States Employment Service; 

5. Liaison with United States Attorneys in connection with troublesome 
reemployment cases; 

6. Direct contact with employers, where necessary, in efforts to obtain 
reemployment for veterans without resort to Federal courts; 

7. Supplying of officer-speakers to organizations desiring explanations 
of Selective Service law and policies pertaining to reemployment of 
veterans ; 

8. Processing of requests for discharge from armed forces when State 
Director's recommendation was requested; 

9. Advice to Local Boards on classification of veterans. 

Public Relations Division — 

Chiefs : 

Capt. Joseph U. Dugan, QMC, from October 10, 1940 to March 12, 1943 
Col. Victor A. Kleber, Spec, from March 12, 1943 to April 14, 1947 

Duties : 

1. Preparation and distribution of State Headquarters publicity releases 
to press and radio ; 

2. Arrangements for and preparation of radio broadcasts; 

3. Editing of "CHATS," State Headquarters' house organ (originally 
named, "Selective Service News") ; 

4. Liaison with press and radio; 

5. Handling of public requests for lists of registrants, confidential in- 
formation pertaining to registrants, and general information per- 
taining to Selective Service. 

CHICAGO OFFICE 

While the State Director spent the bulk of his time at State Headquarters, 
Springfield, the fact that the majority of registrants in Illinois were located 
in Cook County made it necessary for him to maintain a branch office at 
Chicago. Ordinarily, he spent an average of two days a week at the Chicago 
office, which was organized along lines similar to Springfield. All Chicago 
activities were coordinated with and functioned under the State Headquarters 
office at Springfield, the central point of administration for the State. 

When the Chicago office was first established, it was temporarily under 
the supervision of Major (later Colonel) Stanley R. McNeil, AGD. The 
position of Assistant State Director in charge of Cook County was created 
and, through the Governor's recommendation, Mr. Louis A. Boening (Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, Illinois Reserve Militia) was appointed to the post on Octo- 
ber 10, 1940. Colonel Boening continued to head the Chicago office until 



53 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

October 31, 1945, at which time he resigned to become general sales man- 
ager for the Revere Camera Company, Chicago. 

Following Colonel Boening's resignation, Colonel McNeil, as Executive 
Officer, assumed charge of the Chicago office and continued in that respon- 
sibility until May 30, 1947, when he was retired for physical disability. 
Subsequently, Mr. Edwin H. Felt was placed in charge and remained in such 
position until the termination of Selective Service. 

In addition to his duties as Executive Officer. Colonel McNeil was in 
charge of the Classification and Induction Sections, as well as serving as 
counsel on Selective Service matters in general. 

Occupational deferment matters in Cook County were originally handled 
by Maj. Howard G. Wade, Ord. : upon his transfer to National Headquarters 
on August 1, 1941, he was succeeded by Maj. Lloyd W. War f el, C of E who 
continued in the Occupational Deferment Section until June 16, 1942, the 
date of his transfer to the Office of Secretary of War. Major Harry W. 
Taylor, C of E, then assumed charge of the Section, Captain John B. Mor- 
gan, C of E, becoming his assistant on September 4, 1942. On August 7. 
1944, Captain Peter N. Martin of the Manpower Division in the Springfield 
office was transferred to Chicago and assigned to duty in both the Occupa- 
tional Deferment and Field Sections. 

Prior to his transfer to Springfield in November of 1942, Col. Victor A. 
Kleber was in charge of the Registration and Public Relations Sections, 
these functions being taken over by Capt. Norman W. Smith who, in addi- 
tion, served as Assistant Chief of the Field Division until July 29, 1944 
when he was transferred for overseas duty. 

From the outset to the termination of Selective Service, compensated 
clerical personnel in Cook County were under the supervision of Mr. Edwin 
H. Felt who, in addition, served as an Administrative Assistant to the State 
Director. 

When the Selective Service program first commenced in Illinois, the 
361 Local Boards had to be furnished with forms, stationery and other 
supplies on short notice. Because 180 Boards were concentrated in Cook 
County alone, it was deemed advisable to set up supply facilities in the 
Chicago office. Accordingly. First Lieutenant (later Major) Fred W. Jacobi 
was assigned to the Supply Section. That phase of the Chicago organization 
was discontinued in March of 1943, by transfer to the Finance, Procure- 
ment and Supply Division at Springfield. 



# 



>l 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 



NAVY AND MARINE CORPS LIAISON 

From the very beginning of the Selective Service program, cooperation 
between the System in Illinois and the Navy (which also had jurisdiction over 
the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard) was always of the highest order. 

In the early days, liaison between the System and the Navy was readily 
handled by the State Director or a member of his staff. As the Navy manpower 
requirements rose, however, the Navy found it advisable to assign one of its 
officers to the Illinois State Director for the primary purpose of handling all 
Navy liaison matters connected with the System, at the same time making the 
officer available for any special work which the State Director might assign 
consistent with the primary duties of the officer. 

Lt. Comdr. Walter J. Eden, USNR, a Chicago transportation executive 
and veteran of World War I, officially reported for duty with the State Director 
on July 1, 1941 and remained with State Headquarters until his release from 
active duty on December 31, 1945. Commander Eden, prior to his official 
assignment, was already somewhat familiar with Illinois State Headquarters 
procedure for he had spent several weeks at the Headquarters in September 
and October of 1940, giving his personal assistance to help organize the Sys- 
tem in this State. His regular assignment as Navy Liaison Officer was there- 
fore doubly welcome. 

After America entered World War II as an active participant, the Navy 
manpower requirements rose still higher, and Lt. (later Lt. Comdr.) William 
S. Bishop, USNR, also a veteran of 1917-18 and formerly the well-known 
conductor of the column, "The Soldier's Friend," in the Chicago Herald- 
American, was assigned to Illinois as Assistant Navy Liaison Officer, with duty 
station at Chicago. 

These two officers maintained close contact with the Navy recruiting sta- 
tions and other Navy installations and rendered valuable service both to their 
own branch of service and to the Selective Service System. In addition, Com- 
mander Eden served as a field officer, visiting and counseling many Local 
Boards throughout the State. When America's victory appeared certain and 
the armed forces began discharging men in volume, Commander Bishop was 
appointed Assistant Chief of the Veterans Assistance Division and aided im- 
measurably in the achievement of the System's outstanding service to veterans 
in Cook County. Commander Bishop was relieved from active duty on Decem- 
ber 31, 1945. 

The Marine Corps likewise established its own liaison when, on April 9, 
1943, it assigned Capt. (later Major) James C. Foster, USMCR. a veteran of 
Marine Corps service in the First World War and, at the time of his reactiva- 
tion, a prominent steel manufacturing executive of Sterling, Illinois, to State 
Headquarters as Marine Corps Liaison Officer. Major Foster carried on con- 
stant and effective liaison between the System and the Marine Corps recruiting 
stations. In addition, through the cooperation of Marine Corps Headquarters, 



55 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

he served the State Director as an administrative assistant and also rendered 
valuable special service in the Field Division. 

During Major Foster's period of service as Marine Corps Liaison Officer. 
Illinois provided (both by enlistments and inductions) 14.339 men of military 
age to the Marine Corps. Additionally, 3.680 seventeen-year olds who en- 
listed in the Corps brought the total Illinois contribution to the Marine Corps 
up to 18,018 for the period. Major Foster was relieved from active duty on 
July 18, 1946. 

The following figures — covering the period from September 16, 1940 
through December 31, 1945 — show the relative manpower contributions of 
Illinois to the Army, the Navy, the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard: 

Total Credits 
Inductions Enlistments (Men) 

Army 504.875 134.682 639.557 

Navy 95,682 122,757 218,439 

Marine Corps 14,168 17,755 31,923 

Coast Guard 1,248 10,272 11,520 

TOTALS 615,973 285,466 901,439 

Subsequent inductions and enlistments brought Illinois" manpower contri- 
bution up to 910,448 men by January 31. 1947. This was augmented by the 
enlistment of 19,850 women in the armed forces. 

SPECIAL ASSIGNMENTS 

A number of the officers were given special assignments which did not 

normally come under the domain of any of the major organized divisions of 

State Headquarters. These assignments were: 

Senior Military Officer: 

Col. Clay M. Donner, QMC, from October 17, 1940 to August 31, 1942 
Col. Harris P. Ralston, C of E, from September 1, 1942 to October 15, 1946 
Col. Victor A. Kleber, Spec, from October 16, 1946 to April 14, 1947 
Chicago Office — Col. Stanley R. McNeil, AGD, from September 27, 
1940 to May 20, 1947 

Military Adjutant: 

Maj. Charles J. Magnesen, Inf., from October 7. 1940 to November 15, 
1946 

Navy Liaison Officer: 

Lt. Comdr. Walter J. Eden, USNR, from July 1, 1941 to December 31, 1945 

Ass't Navy Liaison Officer: 

Lt. Comdr. Wm. S. Bishop, USNR, from July 15, 1942 to December 31, 

1945 
Liaison Officer from December 31, 1945 to March 4, 1946 



56 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 

Marine Corps Liaison Officer: 

Maj. James C. Foster, USMCR, from April 9, 1943 to May 16, 1946 

Savings Bonds Officer: 

Maj. Charles J. Magnesen, Inf., from October 7, 1940 to November 15, 

1946 
Chicago Office — Col. Stanley R. McNeil, AGD, from September 27, 

1940 to May 20, 1947 
Records Disposal Officer: 

Maj. George W. Biggerstaff, Inf., from July 16, 1945 to August 1 1946 
Maj. Fred W. Jacobi, FD, from August 1, 1946 to August 31, 1947 
Chicago Office — Maj. Sidney T. Holzman, Inf., DSC, from July 16, 

1945 to November 27, 1945 
Chicago Office — Lt. Col. Harry W. Taylor, C of E., from November 27, 

1945 to May 2, 1947 



-A- 



GENERAL HERSHEY HONORED BY ILLINOIS PERSONNEL 

As a tribute to his superb leadership, the entire personnel of the Illinois 
Selective Service System honored Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, National 
Director of Selective Service, with a testimonial dinner held in Chicago 
on May 29, 1942. More than 1,100 persons attended the dinner. Honor 
guests shown in the picture on the next page are: Col. Chester L. 
Fordney, USMCR, commanding the U. S. Marine Corps station at Chi- 
cago; Maj. Gen. George C. Grunert, USA, commanding general of the 
6th Corps Area; Gov. Dwight H. Green; General Hershey; Col. Paul G. 
Armstrong, State Director of Selective Service; Capt. E. A. Lofquist, 
USN, representing Adm. John Downes, commandant of the Ninth Naval 
District, Great Lakes. Colonel Armstrong was the toastmaster for the 
dinner. 

At this testimonial meeting, the State Director's own Post of The 
American Legion — Square Post No. 232 of Chicago — presented Colonel 
Armstrong with a stand of the National Colors on behalf of those 
attending the dinner. 

The Selective Service Mural at the rear of the speakers was painted by the 
well-known Chicago painter, J. Z. Allen, for Chicago Local Board 144. 



57 



STATE HEADQUARTERS 




CHAPTER VI 

LOCAL BOARDS 

SELECTION OF MEMBERS 

The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 required that every Mem- 
ber of a Local Board must: 

1. Be a citizen of the United States; 

2. Reside in the county in which his Local Board has jurisdiction; 

3. Be a civilian (not a member of the land or naval forces of the United 
States; 

4. Not be subject to induction under Selective Service (before the induc- 
tion age limit was reduced, all Local Board Members had to be thirty- 
eight years of age or older. Later on, when Congress reduced the 
induction age limit, vacancies on Local Boards were filled by younger 
men, many of whom had served in the armed forces of the Nation) . 

In the early part of the Selective Service program in Illinois, Local Boards 
were composed of three members each. (After Pearl Harbor, this number was 
increased to five so as to assure a minimum of three members being present 
at every board meeting.) The urgent problem of the State Director at the 
outset was to obtain reputable Illinois citizens to serve as Members of the 
361 Local Boards which were to be established throughout the entire State. 

While the average citizen is highly patriotic, America was at peace at 
the outset of Selective Service, and no man properly could have been cen- 
sured for any unwillingness to sacrifice considerable personal time and 
risk incurring the ill will of some of his neighbors by service on a Local 
Board. Yet, the citizens of Illinois responded nobly when called upon to 
render special service on behalf of their Nation's mobilization of manpower. 

Because State Director Armstrong had formerly served as Illinois Depart- 
ment Commander of the American Legion, he had achieved personal acquaint- 
anceship not only with countless veterans of World War I (in The American 
Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars, Disabled World War Veterans, United 
Spanish American War Veterans, and others) but also with numerous promi- 
nent citizens without veteran affiliation. His appeal for volunteers was 
therefore directed to the veterans' organizations, service groups such as 
Rotary, Kiwanis, Lions and others, Chambers of Commerce, farm organiza- 
tions, civic groups and the labor unions, both A. F. of L. and C. I. 0. 

Citizens of the United States are, under the Constitution, all on an equal 
basis without regard to nationality, race, religion, politics or special affili- 
ations. The selection of Local Board Members, therefore, presented the 
problem of elimination of Board control by any special group — to prevent 



59 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

any public criticism, just or unjust, because of preponderance of Members 
of a Board belonging to any individual group. 

Because the State Director had made his recommendations with "equali- 
zation of representation" in mind, complaints as to favoritism or prejudice 
on the part of a Local Board were rare indeed and, if raised, were very 
easily answered. Any man who was known to be politically active was auto- 
matically rejected as a possibility for Board membership. In any case where 
an already appointed Board Member became politically active after his ap- 
pointment, his resignation was requested and obtained. The general poli- 
cies which were maintained reduced political charges to a minimum and 
enabled the State Director to refute successfully any occasional charge of 
political favoritism on the part of some Local Board. 

After lists of prospective Members were obtained, each prospect was sent a 
questionnaire requesting information as to his willingness to service, his ability 
to devote the necessary time for Selective Service duties, the nature of his busi- 
ness or profession, prior military service, if any, his political, club, society or 
labor union affiliations. From the information received in the questionnaire, 
the State Director was able to select tentative Board Members who were over 
the current military age limits, to make proper political division in each 
Board, and to insure against domination of any Board through political, 
religious or racial preponderance. 

At the American Legion National Convention in Boston during the latter 
part of September, 1940, Lt. Gov. John Stelle discussed with the newly- 
appointed State Director the matter of appointments to membership on Local 
Boards. Governor Stelle felt that the majority of the members should be 
veterans of previous wars — because of their familiarity with military pro- 
cedure and their special interest in national defense — and that the Board 
membership should reflect an equitable representation of the various aspects 
of each community. He furthermore stated that there should be, to the 
greatest extent possible, an equal division of the two major political parties — 
in order that actual or suspected political favoritism be eliminated. State 
Director Armstrong heartily agreed with the principles expressed by Gov- 
ernor Stelle. 

A few weeks later, after Governor Horner passed away, Governor Stelle 
called a meeting in Springfield of downstate district and post commanders 
and other leaders of The American Legion for the purpose of obtaining names 
of citizens for appointment to Local Board membership. This was done 
because (1) both Governor Stelle and State Director Armstrong were very 
active in affairs of the Illinois Department of the Legion and knew the vet- 
erans organization leaders personally; (2) these veterans were well ac- 
quainted with the citizens in their own communities, and ( .'} > the veterans 
could be depended on for the immediate action which was urgently needed 
at the time. A similar meeting was called in the Engineering Building. 205 



60 



LOCAL BOARDS 

West Wacker Drive, Chicago, to obtain recommendations for Members 
of Local Boards in Cook County. 

Since not all of those recommended as the result of these meetings were 
able to serve, and because a number of Boards were not completed, it was 
therefore necessary to obtain additional Members. Fortunately, the annual 
State-wide meeting of the Commanders and Adjutants of The American 
Legion was scheduled for Springfield on October 19 and 20, 1940 and, with 
the assistance of the Legion leaders, all Boards were completed. 

At all meetings, the veterans were told of the qualifications needed for 
appointment to Local Board membership and that the Governor (who was 
responsible for the submission of recommendations to the President) would 
not consider any man who was politically active — that is, a man who held 
public office or who was an active candidate for such office. 

These meetings provided the names of veterans and other substantial 
citizens in each community wherein a Local Board had been established. 
After the selected names had been processed in the State Director's office 
(with full consideration as to political affiliation, race and creed), they 
were presented to Governor Stelle for approval, following which action they 
were forwarded to National Selective Service Headquarters in Washington 
for appointment by the President. 

The same basic procedure was followed on subsequent lists of pros- 
pective appointees as Local Board Members, as well as on other volunteer 
positions for which the President made the appointments. The Governor, 
having been assured that his policies with reference to selection of rec- 
ommendations had been and would be followed, delegated the authority for 
such recommendations to the State Director. 

Because of their familiarity with military procedure, every effort was 
made to obtain the maximum number of veterans of previous wars as Local 
Board Members. Approximately 70% of the Illinois Local Board Members 
were veterans. They were men of various creeds, races and political groups, 
who were engaged in industry, business services and agriculture. Many of 
them were executives in important corporations. 

In the beginning — because of the urgency for speed in organizing the 
Local Boards — recommendations for appointments as Local Board Members 
were sent in without consulting the potential appointees. It developed, how- 
ever, that some of the potential appointees felt that they could not or should 
not serve on Local Boards, and it was therefore necessary to submit new 
names to Washington. In one county, twenty-three appointments were re- 
quired before a three-man Local Board was obtained. After the basic set-up 
had been completed, recommendations were made only after each indi- 
vidual had been contacted and had signified his willingness to serve. 

In obtaining replacements made necessary by additions to Boards, death, 
resignation or other reason, it became the policy to request recommendations 



61 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

from the original Members of the Local Boards. This was done to insure 
full cooperation and harmonious procedure at the Local Board level. In any 
case where the Board, itself, had no specific recommendation to offer, the 
State Director made his selection from available lists of volunteers, each 
proposed appointment being carefully checked with the Local Board con- 
cerned before it was forwarded to National Headquarters at Washington. 

LOCAL BOARD MEMBERSHIP INCREASED 

Hardly had the terrible news of Pearl Harbor flashed over the radio on 
Sunday, December 7, 1941, when State Headquarters was flooded with offers 
to help in the carrying out of the job that everyone knew was absolutely 
necessary in order to preserve the Nation. 

Realizing that the number of men inducted through Selective Service 
would be tremendously increased, and feeling that the Local Boards should 
be strengthened so that a minimum of three Members would be assured 
for every meeting, the State Director, on January 17, 1942, announced an 
increase in the membership of Local Boards from three to five. 

By the time that the State Director determined to increase the member- 
ship of each Local Board from three to five Members, he had learned the 
necessity for placing experienced farmers on Local Boards situated in areas 
where agriculture predominated or was, at least, a vital factor in the 
community. 

Consequently, recommendations on such basis were sought from each 
farming area Board, as well as from Mr. Earl Smith (then president of 
the Illinois Agricultural Association), the United States Department of 
Agriculture War Boards and other farm groups. 

The State Director furthermore endeavored to obtain, as agricultural 
Members, men who were actually "working farmers" (familiarly referred 
to as "dirt farmers") who operated their own farms rather than men who 
owned farms but were primarily engaged in some other activity. On vir- 
tually every Local Board in the agricultural areas, the State Director man- 
aged to place at least one, and in most cases two. working farmers, thus 
giving the Local Board the benefit of the practical and valuable knowledge 
of the men who were thoroughly familiar with the production and labor 
requirements of almost every farm in their respective communities. 

At the outset of the program for obtaining farm representation on the 
Local Boards in agricultural areas, there was a feeling that these farmer 
members might lean too heavily in favor of agriculture. This, however, 
was a needless fear, for the farmer members of Local Boards — knowing 
the agricultural situation in their own areas so well — were extremely strict 
and invariably insisted that a farm registrant (and his employer) show a 
real and specific need for his services before they would consent to deferment. 



62 



LOCAL BOARDS 



METHOD OF SELECTION PROVED SOUND 

The Illinois State Director's method of selection for Local Board mem- 
bership was a definite success, and was later adopted by a number of other 
States. Board Members demonstrated their even temperaments, their flexi- 
bility in the face of reason, their intelligent judgment and their integrity. 
Only in a few instances was it necessary to take special corrective action. 
These corrective actions were taken quietly and without publicity which, 
if released, might have jeopardized public confidence in the System. Such 
publicity might also have reflected upon the separated Member and unjustly 
injured his reputation. 

Little or no difficulty was encountered as the result of racial or religious 
composition of a Board. In one instance, it was discovered that a Local 
Board in Chicago was composed entirely of men of a certain nationality. 
Upon learning that the Board meetings were being conducted in a foreign 
language, the State Director transferred one of the Members to another 
Local Board, replacing the latter with a man who did not speak or under- 
stand the foreign language concerned. 

In Chicago, there are certain areas which each have tremendous popu- 
lations of some particular group of foreign origin, areas in which the in- 
fluence of the mother country is still a strong factor. The same situation 
prevails in a number of areas throughout the rest of the State. The Illinois 
policy of selecting Local Board Members and other non-compensated per- 
sonnel equitably on the basis of a spread of representation proved success- 
ful and prevented criticism that might otherwise have been received from 
those citizens who were not members of some particular race, religious faith 
or political party. 

The quality of the membership personnel selected was evidenced not 
only by the outstanding record of fair decisions by Illinois Local Boards 
but also by the fact that most of the Members willingly gave up their nights, 
Sundays and holidays in order to keep abreast of the ever present volume of 
work. In dozens of cases, Members worked as high as fifty hours a week 
without one cent of pay, their compensation being realized in the satisfac- 
tion of making an important contribution to the successful prosecution of 
their Nation's war. 

The names of Local Board Members, as well as location of the Board 
offices, will be found in the Appendix. 

LOCAL BOARD OFFICES 

Original Selective Service regulations provided that each Local Board 
be established, so far as possible, to have jurisdiction over not more than 
3,500 registrants. On the basis of the election registration (the 1940 census 
figures were not available at the time of planning), the State Selective Serv- 



63 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

ice Plan, formulated by the Illinois National Guard, set up 284 Local Board 
areas for the entire State. Chicago was allocated 78 Boards, suburban 
Cook County 25, and downstate Illinois 181. 

After the First Registration, it was discovered that the results of registra- 
tion did not work out strictly according to the planning. For instance, one 
Local Board in Chicago was found to have almost 12,000 registrants, while 
another Board in the same ward had only a trifle over 800 registrants. This 
divergence, on a lesser scale, was found to exist in different parts of the 
State, but particularly within Cook County. 

As the result of the necessary redistricting of Local Board areas so that 
each Board would have approximately 3,500 registrants, 361 Boards were 
established for the whole State — 144 downstate county Boards, 37 down- 
state city Boards, 151 Chicago city Boards, 14 suburban city and 15 rural 
boards in Cook County. 

In any county where a large city was located, it was found best to have 
one or more Local Boards handle the urban registrants and one or more 
Boards take jurisdiction over the registrants in the agricultural area of the 
county. 

County Local Boards were designated with the name of the County and 
numbered from 1 up, depending on the number of Boards in each county. 
City Local Boards were designated with the name of the city and numbered 
according to the number of Boards in each city. 

Outside of Cook County, the "county" Local Board was generally estab- 
lished at the county seat. Whenever additional county boards were neces- 
sary, they were located according to distribution of population and con- 
venience of transportation. During the period of Selective Service operation, 
a number of necessary changes were made in Local Board locations. In 
September of 1944, a program of consolidation of Local Board offices was 
started with the result that Illinois accomplished an annual savings of ap- 
proximately $100,000 in rentals. 

In establishing Local Board offices, free space in public buildings (posl 
offices, State armories, county and city buildings, veterans' organization 
headquarters) was obtained as far as possible. At the peak. 57 Local Board 
offices were located in such free space in all parts of the State except within 
the City of Chicago. 

When Selective Service first began operation in Illinois, things happened 
so quickly that it had not been possible to make arrangements for office 
space, office furniture, equipment and uecessar) supplies lor the 361 Local 
Boards. However, this deficiency did not daunt the public-spirited citizens 
who had been appointed to carry out Selective Service operation. They pro- 
vided or borrowed office space Eurniture, equipment and supplies, generally 
using their own funds for necessary cash expenditures, in order to get 
the organization under way and at work. Because oi technical regulations 



M 






LOCAL BOARDS 

pertaining to purchases for the Federal government, these citizens were 
never reimbursed for their expenditures. In addition, all of them gave up 
untold amounts of personal time away from their businesses and positions. 

It was determined that the office equipment and furniture for each Local 
Board would be held to an absolute minimum, and the original purchases 
for each Local Board was authorized for the following: 

1 — 50x34 double pedestal flat top desk 

1 — 60 inch center drop DP typewriter desk 

1 — standard typewriter 

1 — swivel chair without arms 

1 — typist's swivel chair 

1—72x34 inch table 

6 — straight leg chairs 

1 — 4-drawer letter size filing cabinet with lock. 

Additional 4-drawer filing cabinet for each 1,000 registrants or frac- 
tion thereof. 

Later on, it was necessary to increase this furniture and equipment by 
additional typewriter desks, typewriters and filing cabinets. 

It was not deemed necessary to provide any Board Chairman, Secretary 
or Member with a desk for his own use, since it was rarely ever necessary 
for any one of these officials to perform any clerical function. His task was 
to conduct hearings — confer with registrants and dependents and meet 
with the other Members of the Board for consideration of cases. 

Except for the initial supply of Selective Service forms necessary for the 
First Registration, all printed matter was obtained from the Government 
Printing Office through National and State Headquarters. Only on occasion 
did State Headquarters provide necessary special forms which were pro- 
duced at the Springfield office by the multilith or mimeograph process of 
duplication. Most of these letter forms were required for the obtaining of 
special reports required by State Headquarters. 

GOVERNMENT APPEAL AGENTS 

Attached to each Illinois Local Board was a Government Appeal Agent 
(attorney) who served as a legal counsel for both the Federal government 
and the Selective Service registrants. Specifically, his duties were: 

1. Review classifications made by the Local Board and, as authorized by 
the regulations, take an appeal from the Board's classification in any 
case where he believed that a registrant's induction would create an 
injustice to the government, a registrant, a dependent or an employer; 

2. Advise and assist registrants in the preparation of the claims for 
deferment; 

3. Make special investigations requested by the Local Board; 



65 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

4. While not listed as one of their official duties, many Government Ap- 
peal Agents, on the Boards' requests, advised Local Boards on legal 
questions which arose pertaining to Selective Service regulations or 
the status of registrants; 

5. In the event a Government Appeal Agent felt that a case warranted 
an appeal to the President, he presented the facts to the State Direc- 
tor for the latter's consideration and determination as to whether 
or not such an appeal should be made. 

Obviously, it was necessary for each Government Appeal Agent to de- 
vote considerable time constantly to thorough study of Selective Service 
regulations and directives in order that he could capably perform his duties. 
As time passed and classification actions became too voluminous — making 
it physically impossible for one man to perform all of the above duties — 
one or more Associate Government Appeal Agents were assigned to any Local 
Board making request for additional legal help. 

The State Director selected his recommendations for Government Ap- 
peal Agents and Associate Government Appeal Agents from lists submitted 
by the Illinois Bar Association and the county and local bar groups within 
the State. Appointments, as the result of these recommendations submitted 
through the Governor, were made by the President of the United States. 

Because of the large number (180) of Local Boards within Cook County, 
State Director Armstrong deemed it advisable to have a Coordinator of 
Government Appeal Agents within that county. He, therefore, recommended 
and obtained the appointment of the Hon. Tappan Gregory, former presi- 
dent of the Chicago Bar Association and presently (1948) president of 
the American Bar Association, to serve in that capacity. Mr. Gregory gave 
valuable and distinguished service in such post. 

On February 24, 1941, at the quarters of the Chicago Bar Association, 
the State Director held a meeting of the Government Appeals Agents and 
Members of Boards of Appeal in Cook County. Colonel Armstrong, Appeal 
Board Administrator King, Coordinator Gregory, State Legal Officer Helf- 
rich and several other Staff officers addressed the meeting. 

Approximately six hundred Illinois attorneys gave up a tremendous 
amount of their valuable time to serve as Government Appeal Agents and 
Associates during the life of the Selective Service System. By their careful 
evaluation of classification actions, their counsel to Local Boards and, in 
many cases, their ability to convince registrants of the fairness of their clas- 
sifications, these attorneys rendered an outstanding contribution to their 
Nation and State. 

Government Appeal Agents and Associates are listed under their re- 
spective Local Boards in the Appendix of this volume. 



66 



LOCAL BOARDS 



REEMPLOYMENT COMMITTEEMEN 

Section 8 of The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 provided 
that, under certain specified conditions, every person who entered active 
military service during the life of the Act was, after release from such serv- 
ice, to be reemployed in essentially the same position he occupied at 
the time he went on active military duty. The law also required the Selec- 
tive Service System to render every possible assistance to such veterans and 
also give employment help to other veterans who were not able to take 
advantage of the reemployment provision of the law. Congress later ex- 
tended reemployment rights to all persons who entered the armed forces, 
subsequent to May 1, 1940, regardless of how they entered the service and, 
in addition, to men who left their positions to serve in the Merchant Ma- 
rine. Hence, under this provision of the law, a Reemployment Committee- 
man was assigned to every Local Board in Illinois, some of the Boards find- 
ing it necessary to have one or more additional Committeemen. 

In selecting the Reemployment Committeemen for appointment, State 
Director Armstrong requested recommendations from each Local Board, 
and such recommendations were invariably followed. Because the already 
established veterans' organizations had amply demonstrated their interest 
and capabilities in the matter of finding jobs for veterans, a large number 
of the Reemployment Committeemen in Illinois were also chairmen of the 
employment committees of their own local veterans' organization Posts. 

While most veterans experienced little difficulty in being reemployed in 
their old jobs after release from military service, the Reemployment Com- 
mitteemen were able to perform distinguished service in the few trouble- 
some cases that did arise. Likewise, they rendered excellent service in the 
matter of placing other veterans in new positions. (A more detailed ac- 
count of the reemployment problem will be found later in this volume under 
"Reemployment." 

Reemployment Committeemen who served in Illinois are shown under 
their respective Local Boards in the Appendix. 

LOCAL BOARD EXAMINING PHYSICIANS AND DENTISTS 

Under the original plan of determining whether or not a registrant was 
physically qualified for military service, registrants were first examined by 
a physician, serving without compensation, attached to each Local Board 
as Examining Physician. On the findings of such examination, the Local 
Board placed a registrant in Class I-A (qualified for general military duty), 
Class I-B (qualified only for limited military duty), or Class IV-F (physically 
or mentally unfit for any military duty). 

At the outset, only physicians were appointed for the examinations at 
the Local Board level. On March 31, 1941, however, the regulations were 



67 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



amended so that one or more dentists could be assigned to assist in the 
physical examinations at that level. 

Local Board Examining Physicians were selected by the State Director, 
recommended by the Governor, and formally appointed by the President. 
The names of prospective Examining Physicians were obtained through the 
cooperation of the Illinois Medical Society and the many county and local 
medical societies. On a number of occasions, Local Boards made appoint- 
ment suggestions which were followed. 

The Examining Dentists were also appointed by the President and were 
obtained through the recommendations of the Local Boards and the various 
dental societies. 

Examining Physicians and Dentists were, so far as possible, above the 
ages liaMe for military service. From time to time, it became necessary 
to appoint additional physicians and dentists due to many of their col- 
leagues leaving Selective Service to enter the medical departments of the 
different branches of the armed forces. 

The Illinois physicians and dentists who gave voluntary assistance to 
the Selective Service System made a genuine and vital contribution to the 
war effort. Many of them examined thousands of registrants — and often 
under trying and embarrassing circumstances which interfered with their 
normal practice — and thus caused the process of obtaining manpower for 
the armed forces to be speeded up immeasurably. 

The names of Local Board Examining Physicians and Dentists who 
were part of Selective Service in Illinois will be found under their respective 
Local Boards in the Appendix. 

ADVISORY BOARDS FOR REGISTRANTS 

The average registrant found it somewhat difficult to understand the 
technicalities and give adequate answers to the voluminous questions on the 
Selective Service questionnaire. Therefore, in order to assist registrants in 
filing complete and correct information on their questionnaires (and often 
on special claim papers), Advisory Boards for Registrants uric established. 

In most of the counties, a complete Advisory Board was assigned to 
each Local Board. In the populous areas of Chicago, however, one Ad- 
visory Board was assigned to each ward and handled the registrants' as- 
sistance for as high as five Local Boards in a single ward. Their were only 
a few instances wherein a Local Board in Chicago had its own Advisory 
Board. 

The Advisory Board members were obtained through recommendations 
made by the various Bar Associations throughout the State, and their ap- 
pointments were made by the Governor. Approximately 3,000 Illinois at- 
torneys voluntarily served in the uninteresting and sometimes tedious work 



68 



LOCAL BOARDS 



of filling out necessary Selective Service forms and other papers for regis- 
trants. Invariably, a registrant could obtain advice almost at any hour of 
the day. 

Each Advisory Board consisted of at least three attorneys. The Chair- 
man of each Advisory Board outside of Cook County was usually the 
County Judge. 

So that the Chairmen and Members of the Cook County registrants' 
advisory boards might readily obtain correct information pertaining to 
their duties and to Selective Service procedure in general, the Hon. Stephen 
E. Hurley, prominent Chicago attorney (and later President of the Chicago 
Bar Association) was appointed Coordinator of Advisory Boards for Regis- 
trants in that county. In his capacity, Mr. Hurley sacrificed of his own per- 
sonal time in great measure and rendered a genuine patriotic service to 
his Nation. 

Members of the Advisory Board for Registrants are listed in the Appendix. 

LOCAL BOARD CLERKS (COMPENSATED PERSONNEL) 

While compensated employes of the Federal government are ordinarily 
hired and assigned by the United States Civil Service Commission, the 
urgency for speed in the organization and operation of the Selective Service 
System was such that, at the beginning, Local Boards were permitted to 
hire their own clerks. This was done by a majority vote in each Board. 
At the outset, only one clerk was allowed for each Local Board, more having 
been added subsequently, as needed. 

In a great many cases, the Boards selected veterans of World War I 
to serve as their clerks. These men — a number of them disabled veterans — 
were somewhat familiar with military procedure, were clerically efficient, 
could ordinarily work longer hours, and were considered able to deal prop- 
erly with the thousands of men who were to cross each Local Board's 
threshhold during Selective Service operation. Many Boards, however, se- 
lected women for their clerks, and these women not only showed themselves 
competent, but also matched the men in overtime work and demonstrated 
their adroitness in handling registrants. As time went on, because many 
of the men clerks obtained more lucrative positions, women came to occupy 
most of the clerical positions in the Local Board offices. 

After the original clerks were hired, Civil Service requirements were 
put into effect, and necessary additional clerks were hired through the Civil 
Service Commission and assigned by the Personnel Division of State Head- 
quarters. Ultimately, all clerks without Civil Service status were required 
to qualify as war appointees. 

In April of 1941, under the terms of the Classification Act relating to 
Federal civil service employes, it was provided that Local Boards (and 



69 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

other Federal Agencies) should not employ, nor continue in employment, 
any person related to any Member of the Board by blood or marriage as close 
as first cousin. 

At the time Local Boards were organized in 1940. a few of the Board 
members in Illinois obtained the appointment of wives, daughters, daughters- 
in-law or other close relatives as employes of the respective Boards on which 
these Members served. These cases of nepotism were quickly and easily 
corrected by the simple process of transferring the employes concerned to 
other Boards. 

Written words cannot possibly express the importance or extent of the 
service of the Local Board clerical personnel. From the beginning until 
almost the termination of the Selective Service program, they worked under 
constant pressure and often under conditions that taxed their nerves almost 
to the breaking point. When the average citizen was home from work and 
enjoying his evening with his family, the Local Board clerks were frequently 
found at their offices straining every faculty to meet some work deadline. 
Quite often it was necessary for the clerks (and, in many cases, one or two 
Local Board Members) to be at the Local Board offices until the late hours 
of the night, or to arise as early as three or four o'clock in the morning to 
check in registrants who were to leave by street car, bus or train for the in- 
duction station for physical examination or induction. (In 1944, the State 
Director was able to change the procedure for the Cook County Local 
Boards so that the registrants reported direct to the induction station rather 
than to the Board offices.) 

An average of approximately 7,985 Illinois citizens rendered volunteer 
service regularly to the Selective Service System in the overall period from 

(Continued on page 72 J 

# 




YES, IT'S AN OFFICIAL SELECTIVE 

SERVICE NOTICE 

Several hundred of Chicago Board 80"s 

registrants could not read or understand 



*fa A *■ <jf 

^*~ S*r^ -^jC j^j V ^ the English language. Board 80 repro 

^^ ^4 £$L j*t V» *% duced their "Appear before the Board 

%• is. ^ 

JjrtflC ^J~ *& "»M jjf » Chicago's Chinatown (a graduate lawyer 

-£|J; J'l ^fo jjfg ~fX ^AJ ;m< l chemical engineer) and veteran of 



notice as shown here and got 100% re- 
turns from it. 

Gerald Move, the genial Mayor of 



World War I. w.i- i Member of Chicago 
Board 80. 



70 



LOCAL BOARDS 



PERSONNEL OF THE ILLINOIS SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM 

Uncompensated 

Presidential Appointments — as of December 31, 1945: 

Separa- 
tions 
by Original Appointments 

Total death, Total On or 

serving resig- appoint- before No. Percent 

Dec. 31, nations, ments Nov. 18, still still 

1945 etc. made 1940 serving serving 

Local Board Members.... 1,797 1,051 2,848 1,071 525 49.0 

Appeal Board Members.. 100 48 148 75 50 66.7 

Government Appeal Agents 481 290 771 334 206 61.7 

Examining Physicians.. .1,819 1,218 3,037 302 125 41.4 

Examining Dentists 613 183 796 

4,810 3,790 7,600 1,782 906 50.9 

Other than Presidential Appointments — as of August 31, 1945: 

Members of Advisory Boards for Registrants 2,964 

Members of Medical Advisory Boards 729 

Reemployment Committeemen 634 

Medical Survey Program Personnel 747 

Others 4 



5,078 
Compensated 

Civilian Employes — as of August 31, 1945: 

State Headquarters 137 

Local Boards 766 

Boards of Appeal 24 

927** 
Military Personnel at State Headquarters — as of August 31, 1945: 

Officers: Army 25 

Navy 2 

Marine Corps 1 

Enlisted Men : Army 1 

29 

* Examining Dentists were not authorized until March 31, 1941. 
** At the peak of activities, this figure was 1,367. 

The above figures reveal that, during the latter part of 1945, close to 
11,000 persons were actively assisting in the operation of the Selective Serv- 
ice System in Illinois. 



71 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



(Continued from page 70) 

its inception in 1940 to its termination in 1947. (This figure does not in- 
clude the thousands of volunteer registrars who served on the various regis- 
tration days.) It has been estimated that the services of these regular volun- 
teers would have cost the Federal government an estimated $9,500,000 if 
they had been on a compensated basis. 

RESPONSIBILITIES OF LOCAL BOARDS 

In accord with the Democratic processes in practice in our Nation 
since its inception, Congress wisely determined that the primary selection, 
under the Selective Service law, of men available for military service should 
be made in the immediate area in which each registrant resided. Each man's 
case was to be decided by a board made up of his own neighbors who knew 
the local conditions and, in many cases, knew the circumstances of the in- 
dividual registrant. 

The Local Board, then, was the local point of operation of Selective 
Service. Under the Act, each Local Board had the following responsibilities 
and duties: 

1. To register every man within the Board's area of jurisdiction in 
accordance with the Selective Service law, the President's proclama- 
tions and the regulations promulgated by him; 

2. To require the submission of proper evidence by each registrant 
(and others concerned) for classification purposes; 

3. To summon before it — by supoena, if necessary — any witnesses whose 
testimony was required in any case under the Board's consideration; 

4. To keep fully informed on local, industrial and agricultural condi- 
tions and thus enable it to determine equitably in each registrant's 
case; 

5. To grant registrants, on their request, personal appearances and, 
within the Board's discretion, to grant hearings to dependents, em- 
ployers and others interested in deferment claims; 

6. To classify registrants strictly in accordance with specific regulations 
and policies and according to their own best judgment; 

7. To grant and forward appeals in accordance with the regulations; 

8. To forward for physical examination and/or induction the numbers 
of men required in manpower calls issued to the Local Boards by 
the State Director; 

9. To report delinquents under the Selective Service law and regula- 
tions to the United States District Attorney after using every endeavor 
to clear up such delinquencies; 



72 



LOCAL BOARDS 



10. To issue, within its discretion, permits for its own registrants to 
leave the United States; 

11. To issue, within its own discretion, permits to agricultural registrants 
to accept critical employment in war industry plants during slack farm 
seasons; 

12. To supervise the operation of the Local Board office and the prepa- 
ration and maintenance of its records, including files of registrants; 

13. To keep the citizenry of its community informed, through the press, 
radio and other means of publicity, of all Selective Service matters 
of public information; 

14. To perform such other duties as were necessary in the proper ad- 
ministration of Selective Service within the Local Board's area of 
jurisdiction. 

Serving as a Member of a Local Board not only meant the sacrifice of 
personal time. It also involved the responsibility for maintaining a proper 
balance between military manpower requirements on one side and the 
industrial and agricultural needs of the community and family and social 
protection on the other side. Too often — and invariably without sound 
reason — it meant the loss of business and life-long friends because of being 
compelled, by the military requirements of the Nation, to take actions un- 
desirable to customers and personal associates. Time after time, Local Board 
Members have been unfairly subjected to criticism simply because they car- 
ried out their official duties strictly in accordance with the law and regulations. 

From the above description of responsibilities and duties of the Local 
Board, it can readily be seen that the Selective Service law and its adminis- 
tration were calculated to operate on the basis of traditional fair play and 
justice. That such procedure has been carried out effectively is without 
question. Even in the early days when Local Boards traveled uncharted 
roads of decision with many guiding policies and detailed directions lack- 
ing, a Gallup poll (announced on May 21, 1941) revealed practically unani- 
mous approval of the American public as to the integrity of the Local 
Boards in the country. People in all sections of the country and in many 
groups, factories and offices were interviewed, and their opinions obtained. 
The question to which answers were sought, and the results, was: 

"Do you think that the draft has been handled fairly?" 

Of all people interviewed, 93% said "Yes" and only 7% replied nega- 
tively. While 7% of the people interviewed thought that the draft had not 
been handled fairly, such opinion was probably based upon prejudice 
resulting from some personal disappointment occasioned during the nor- 
mal administration of Selective Service. In fact, Dr. Gallup himself stated 
that virtually no one interviewed in the poll thought that the Selective 
Service Boards were not trying to do an honest and conscientious job. 



73 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



Hence, one may feel that this poll represented almost 100% approval of 
the honest and conscientious work of the local Selective Service Boards 
throughout the country. Honesty and conscientiousness, sacrifice and devo- 
tion to duty, unlimited volunteer service that could not possibly be measured 
in terms of dollars and cents characterized the service which the local Se- 
lective Service Agencies rendered to their country during both peacetime 
and war. 

Even at a lime when married men were being called in great numbers, 
the citizens of America overwhelmingly gave their approval to Selective 
Service — on November 20, 1942, the Gallup poll showed that 82% of the 
people approved the administration of Selective Service in their respective 
communities. 

SPECIAL PANEL BOARDS 

Not long after the operation of Selective Service was put into effect, 
the State Director began receiving requests from men in prisons requesting 
that they be allowed to serve in their country's fighting forces. Private con- 
sultations with various wardens revealed that some of these felons were 
unquestionably the victims of circumstances, that they had shown definite 
signs of reform and that many of them deserved to be given the opportunity 
of being released from prison to join the armed forces of the Nation. State 
Director Armstrong, convinced that here was an additional supply of man- 
power for the armed forces, recommended to his superiors that a plan be 
developed for the consideration of the pleas of these felons who desired 
military service and the actual induction into the service of those found 
worthy of release for military duty. 

In February of 1943, National Selective Service Headquarters developed 
a plan to obtain additional manpower for the armed forces through the 
classification and induction of worthy inmates of penal institutions who 
would thus be given an opportunity to serve their country in time of need 
and help them repay their debt to society. National Headquarters' plan 
required the establishment of Special Panel Boards — agencies which had 
virtually the same powers as the Local Boards. 

Immediately on receiving word of National Headquarters' plan, the 
State Director contacted Governor Green, who quickly voiced his approval 
and placed at the disposal of the Selective Service System the entire facili- 
ties of the State's Department of Public Safely. 

The rehabilitation of men with criminal records had long been the 
major objectives of The Department of Public Safety, Division of Correc- 
tion, State of Illinois. Consequently, the Division of Correction welcomed 
the opportunity to participate in this new plan, obtaining the cooperation 
of tin- State Board of Pardons and Paroles, also a division of The Department 
of Public Safet\. relative to releases, suspension of sentence, et cetera, and 



71 



LOCAL BOARDS 



lending every possible assistance toward achieving the induction of worthy 
men under their jurisdiction. 

A Staff committee for the establishment and operation of Special Panel 
Boards in Illinois was appointed, consisting of Maj. Baird V. Helfrich, 
State Legal Officer and Maj. Charles J. Magnesen. Chief of the Personnel 
Division. A meeting was held with Mr. T. P. Sullivan, Director of the De- 
partment of Public Safety, Mr. W. C. Jones, Superintendent of Paroles, 
Col. Frank D. Whipp, Superintendent of Prisons, Mr. William J. Smith, 
Jr., Superintendent of Supervision of Paroles, and Mr. Lawrence M. Gross, 
Superintendent of Crime Prevention. Full and wholehearted cooperation 
was promised — and generously given — throughout the entire program. 

Contact was then made with the Local Boards having jurisdiction over 
the areas in which the various penal institutions were located, and the con- 
ference resulted in the establishment of six Special Panel Boards. 

The wardens of the various institutions not only gave freely of their own 
personal time, but also provided space, equipment and personnel for the 
operation of the Special Panel Boards. The Records Clerk of each prison 
accepted the position of Board Clerk without compensation and, in every 
instance, rendered valuable and efficient service. (For obvious reasons, the 
name of each Special Panel Board Clerk will not be listed.) 



W 




JOUVETTE PHOTO 

PHOTO OF EVERY INDUCTEE GROUP PRESERVED 

Chairman Harry Ford of Chicago Board 12 is shown with his collection 
of pictures of every group of selectees forwarded by his Board to the 
armed forces induction station. 



75 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



The Army Version 

Early to bed and early to rise 
Makes a man realize 

— that's he in the Army! 

— Camp Borden News 



ft 




LINCOLN-BELMONT BOOSTER PHOTO 

VETERAN OF 1918 GOES BACK TO WAR 

Frank Parker of 1015 Newport Avenue. Chicago, a Rainbow Division 
sergeant in World War I, had horn the chief clerk of Chicago Board 144 
since November of 1940. On June 4, 1942, when a group of the Board*-, 
selectees reported for induction, the men were amazed when Parker 
donned his coat and went ;il<m^ with them to the induction station as an 
inductee. Though 58 years of age at the time, he volunteered for induc- 
tion and was accepted for military service, thus having been the oldesl 
man ever processed through the Chicago induction Btation. He Berved 
in World War II for over two years. Prior to his own reentrj in the 
Army, he had written induction orders for 103 selectees. 



76 



CHAPTER VII 



BOARDS OF APPEAL 

Hardly anything in the history of this country has affected the lives of 
its citizens more than the judgments of Local Boards in determining which 
men would be forwarded for induction into military service and which 
ones would be allowed to remain at home. Each decision of a Local Board 
was not an arbitrary one, but rather was based upon written evidence fur- 
nished the Board by the registrant, his family, or his employer or other 
interested persons, plus the intimate knowledge the Board ordinarily pos- 
sessed of the neighborhood and the various factors which influenced public 
morale and custom. These facts and factors constituted the basis of the 
Congressional mandate in the Selective Service law that the decision of the 
Local Board was final except as it was subject to appeal. 

Every registrant — except in the case of physical findings — had the 
statutory right to appeal his classification. Likewise, a bona fide dependent 
or an employer possessed the same right of appeal — to the Board of Appeal. 
(In certain cases, a further right of appeal to the President of the United 
States was provided. The President delegated this final decision to the 
National Director of Selective Service who was advised by a group of offi- 
cers assigned to study Presidential appeals and make recommendations as 
to decision by the director.) 

SELECTION OF MEMBERS 

Selective Service regulations required that every Board of Appeal be 
composed of five members, one from each of the following categories: (1) 
industry, (2) legal profession, (3) medical profession, (4) labor organiza- 
tion and (5) agriculture. 

In making his selections for recommendation for membership on the 
Boards of Appeal, the State Director endeavored to obtain men whose knowl- 
edge of social and economic conditions in the respective geographical areas, 
plus their intelligence, judgment and integrity, would insure the maximum 
uniform application of the Selective Service law and regulations. 

The lawyer on each Board of Appeal was selected from recommendations 
made by the Bar Association ; usually, he was a past president of the Associa- 
tion. The labor member was chosen from recommendations by the A. F. of L. 
and the C. I. 0.; invariably, he was a prominent officer of one of the organ- 
izations. The physician was named from recommendations by the organized 
medical profession; always being a well-known medical man in the area — 
usually a president or past president of the county or local medical society. 
The "working" farmer proposed by the different national and state farm 



77 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



organizations always, he was a successful farmer — generally a leader in the 
agricultural activities of his area. The industrialist, or business member, was 
picked from recommendations of the Associations or Chambers of Com- 
merce and, in some cases, on recommendations of members of the State 
Selective Service Staff. All Board of Appeal Members were prominent and 
well-respected men in each community from which they were appointed. 
Thus, the highest type of personnel sat in judgment in the higher court of 
Selective Service classification. Appointments were made by the President. 
Because of eight (subsequently twelve) appeal groups being located in 
one office in Cook County, it was deemed important that the activities of the 
various Boards should be administered coordinately for the sake of efficiency. 
In considering a number of recommendations for the post of Administrator 
of Cook County Boards of Appeal, State Director Armstrong unhesitatingly 
selected the Hon. William H. King, one of Chicago's most prominent attor- 
neys, who was then also President of the Chicago Bar Association. Colonel 
Armstrong felt that Mr. King would have been justified, because of being an 
extremely busy man, in refusing the tendered appointment. Instead, Mr. 
King accepted and, during his tenure, spent a great portion of his time at the 
central office of the Boards of Appeal, managing the staff of clerks, directing 
the administrative work and counseling the various Boards of Appeal on 
countless occasions. Illinois is indeed obligated to him for the eminent service 
he performed for the Selective Service System of this State. 

RESPONSIBILITIES 

The major duty of the Board of Appeal was to consider the written evi- 
dence in each appeal, as allowed by law and regulations, and determine 
classification in each such case according to a majority vote of the members 
participating in the classification. (A quorum of three was required for a 
legal meeting of the Board.) The Board acted upon appeals taken by regis- 
trants, dependents, employers, the State Director or the National Director. 
Their classification procedure was almost identical with that of a Local Board 
except that personal appearances, as well as communications direct to the 
Board of Appeal, could not be considered. Only the evidence considered by 
the Local Board, and contained in the registrant's file, could be used in deter- 
mining classification. A further difference was that, in cases where the Board 
did not unanimously choose to classify affirmatively on a conscientious ob- 
jector's claim, the Board was required to refer the case to the Department of 
Justice for investigation and recommendation (but not classification!. 

BOARD OFFICES 

Because Selective Service regulations required that Boards of Appeal be 
set up so that each Board would cover approximately 70.000 registrants ol 



78 



BOARDS OF APPEAL 

the first registration, fifteen of such Boards were established in Illinois — 
eight located in Cook County and seven downstate. 

Originally, each Board of Appeal in Cook County had jurisdiction over 
appeals from a specified area within the county. Because of a heavy volume 
of appeals from some areas and light volume in others, the inequity made it 
advisable to reorganize the Cook County group into Board of Appeal No. 1 
and establish eight "groups" so that any of the eight groups could consider 
any appeal which originated within the entire county. This plan equalized 
the work of the groups and speeded up the procedure immeasurably. 

As the Local Boards increased their volume of classifications, the number 
of appeals multiplied accordingly. Consequently, it became necessary for the 
State Director to obtain authority to add four more groups to the Cook 
County appeal machinery, plus an additional group at Peoria, bringing the 
total to twenty appeal groups in the entire State. Early in 1945, the lightening 
of the appeal load in Cook County made it possible to inactivate Groups 1, 
2 and 3 of Board of Appeal No. 1. 

By January of 1946, the volume of appeals had become so scant that the 
State Director requested authority for reorganization of the Boards of Appeal, 
and on February 1, 1945, the requested reorganization was approved and 
authorized. Boards of Appeal 9 through 15 were accordingly disestablished 
and Board of Appeal No. 2, consisting of eight groups, was established. This 
permitted any appeal which originated in the downstate portion of Illinois 
to be considered by any of the eight groups in Board of Appeal No. 2, thus 
saving time on the handling of appeal cases as well as saving money by 
eliminating travel of Board of Appeal Members for the purpose of considering 
one or two cases. 

Lists of the various Boards of Appeal, their specific locations and their 
personnel will be found in the Appendix section; details of their procedure 
and accomplishments will be discussed under "Operation — Boards of Appeal." 

CLERICAL PERSONNEL 

Each Board of Appeal, at the outset, was allowed one clerk. However, as 
appeal cases increased, it became necessary to furnish additional clerks to 
most of the Boards — particularly those in Cook County. 

The clerical personnel of the Boards of Appeal was obtained through the 
cooperation of the United States Civil Service Commission, and most of the 
original clerks remained on duty with the System until its termination. They 
were never found wanting in their duties, which required not only a high 
degree of intelligent judgment but genuine capability and diligent application 
to their arduous work. 



t? 



79 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



ILLINOIS STATE HEADQUARTERS 

SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM 

DWIGHT H. GREEN, GOVERNOR 
PAUL G ARMSTRONG. DIRECTOR 



ARMORY BUILDING 



SPRINGFIELD. ILLINOIS 



A PERSONAL MESSAGE T EVERY SELECT 



The enclosed order to report for Induc- 
tion shove that you will be given the privi- 
lege of serving your Country provided that 
you are found acceptable at the Induction 
Station. 

Here are a fev suggestions which will be 
helpful to you whether you are accepted or 
rejected, particularly if you are accepted 
and enter service. Report to your board of- 
fice at exactly the time specified in the 
attached order -- a few minutes earlier is 
better. At the Induction Station, medical 
officers will determine whether or not you 
are fit for military duty. Give your em- 
ployer this information so that you can step 
right back into your employment if you are 
rejected. 

If you are found acceptable, you will 
take the oath as a member of the Armed 
Forces of the United States and, if you wish, 
will immediately be ordered to active duty. 
If , however, you need some additional time be- 
fore leaving home, you may have a "furlough" 
period of not lees than seven days. You must 
then report at a specified time. Failure to 
report ON TIME subjects you to disciplinary 
action. 

When leaving for active duty, travel 
light. If you wish, take along a small bag 
with a few clean undergarments, several hand- 
kerchiefs, socks, soap, towels, and shaving 
articles. They mlpht come in bandy if any 
delay in issue of clothing is encountered. 
Leave excess Jewelry , large sums of money and 
valuables at home . The Armed Forces are not 
responsible for your personal losses . If 
possible, take a little spending money along 
with you for such personal needs as you may 
have before your pay day. Take some postal 
cards with you -- also a fountain pen and an 
Inexpensive watch if you have them. Also, if 
you wear eye glasses, be sure to take alonp a 
copy of your prescription which you can get 
from your eye doctor. You may need the pre- 
scription later on. 



Most men leaving for duty find it advis- 
able to have their family goodbyes at home 
rather than at the railroad station. This 
helps avoid any delays and also makes it 
easier on you. 

If you plan on making an allotment (to 
which the government, in most cases, will 
add an allowance), you should take along cer- 
tain documents to secure this allotment and 
allowance in the minimum time. You should 
have your marriage certificate (or a certi- 
fied copy), certified copies of birth cer- 
tificates of your child or children and, if 
your parents or other relatives are depend- 
ent upon you for support, you should have two 
affidavits to that effect, signed and sworn 
to by two responsible citizens who are not 
related to you or to your dependent. 

When you arrive at the Reception Center 
or at your station, you will be classified 
for service. When you are interviewed, give 
frank, honest and complete answers to all 
questions. If you prefer a certain branch of 
service, tell the interviewer. Your request 
will be given consideration and you will be 
assigned to whatever Job the service con- 
siders is best for you. 

Go with an open mind. Yours is the part 
of a serviceman -- in a service on which 
tradition imposes a high honor. Your Country 
needs your help. Give your help freely so 
that not only your Country but also yourself 
and those dear to you may continue in future 
years to enjoy the priceless heritage of 
American citizenship which your forefathers 
have passed on to you. Meet and know the 
Chaplain of your organization. He can help 
you in many ways. God bless you and keep 
you. 

PAUL G. ARMSTRONG 
State Director 



STATE DIRECTOR'S LETTER TO SELECTEI SS 

Above is a facsimile of the letter which each Local Board enclosed with every order 
to report for induction sent to its registrants selected for induction. 



80 



CHAPTER VIM 



MEDICAL ADVISORY BOARDS 

In the physical examinations of registrants at the Local Board level, many 
cases developed wherein the Local Board Examining Physician felt that addi- 
tional examination by a specialist was indicated, or wherein the Local Board 
or the Government Appeal Agent questioned the findings of the Local Board 
Physician. So that further determinations might be made as to physical con- 
dition in these cases, the Selective Service regulations provided for the estab- 
lishment of Medical Advisory Boards — groups which were made up (with 
the exception of the special sections Medical Advisory Board No. 39) of the 
following specialists: allergist, cardiologist, clinical pathologist, dentist, der- 
matologist, neuropsychiatrist, opthalmologist, orthopedist, otorhinolaryngol- 
ogist, proctologist, radiologist, roentgenologist, surgeon and urologist. 

The Local Board directed any registrant concerned to the nearest Medical 
Advisory Board, furnishing him with the necessary transportation, meals and 
lodging for the travel and time (not to exceed three days) required to make 
the visit to the Medical Advisory Board, as well as cost of necessary X-Rays. 

Members of the Medical Advisory Boards were well-known specialists in 
their particular medical fields and were selected from recommendations by 
the Illinois Medical Society and the various county and local medical societies. 
AH of these specialists served on a voluntary basis. Through their expert 
knowledge and unstinted service, many registrants who might otherwise have 
remained in civilian life were made available to the armed forces. 

SPECIAL MEDICAL ADVISORY BOARDS 

Certain diseases and disorders were prominent in the list of rejections 
of registrants examined for military service. So that special study could 
be given to the relationship of these diseases and disorders to potential mili- 
tary service, a number of special medical groups were organized in con- 
junction with Medical Advisory Board No. 39. These groups — known as 
special "divisions" of Board No. 39 — were: 

Allergy — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 
Cardiology — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 

Dentistry — Organized in 1942 in cooperation with the State Department 
of Public Health for the purpose of giving dental rehabilitation to 
indigent registrants in various parts of the State where dental clinics 
were in operation 
Dermatology — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 
Gastro-Enterology — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 



81 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

Genito-Urinology — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 

Internal Medicine — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 

Laryngology — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 

Neuro-Psychiatry — Organized in 1941 (Seventeen hospitals throughout 

the State served as sections of this division) 
Obstetrics — Organized in 1943 (This division was composed of eminent 

obstetricians who examined fatherhood claims in registrants's files and 

rendered opinions on problems presented by registrants in connection 

with claims of: 

(a) Pregnancy of wife : 

(b) Date of conception ; 

(c) Overdue birth. 

The division was set up in Chicago but served the entire State. 
Ophthalmology — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 
Orthopedics — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 
Otolaryngology — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 
Surgery — Organized in 1941 (Chicago area) 
Tuberculosis — Organized in 1941 in cooperation with the State Depart- 

ment of Public Health, Tuberculosis Division (State-wide) 
Venereal Disease — Organized in 1942 (State-wide) 

NEUROPSYCHIATRY REEXAMINATION BOARD 

In May of 1942, because of a widespread feeling that many registrants 
who had been rejected by reason of neuropsychiatry defects were rejected 
without adequate cause, a "pilot test" was made in Chicago on the cases of 
1,000 registrants rejected for neuropsychiatry defects. 

Reexaminations of the 1,000 registrants were made by the Neuropsychi- 
atric Division of Medical Advisory Board 39, and the percentage of "recovery 
value" among registrants of this category was so small that the plans for a 
state-wide program of reexamination of such registrants were abandoned. 

CARDIOVASCULAR REEXAMINATION BOARD 

Early in 1943 — through the cooperation of the National Research Council, 
the Office of Scientific Research and Development and the Selective Service 
System — a nation-wide test reexamination was made of approximately 5.000 
registrants who had been rejected because of cardiovascular diseases. Five 
cities were selected for the reexaminations — Boston, Chicago, New York. 
Philadelphia and San Francisco. The examiners were all outstanding special- 
ists who gave their services without charge. 



82 



MEDICAL ADVISORY BOARDS 



For the special Medical Advisory Board in Chicago, Dr. G. K. Fenn was 
Chairman and Dr. James B. Herrick was Honorary Chairman. The Exam- 
iners were: Drs. Joseph A. Capps, N. C. Gilbert, Max Gethner, Sidney 
Strauss, J. Roscoe Miller, George H. Coleman, Frank B. Kelly, Lawrence E. 
Hines, Stanley Gibson, Carl 0. Rinder, Howard Wakefield. 

In the reexamination of registrants who previously had been rejected at 
the Local Board level or the induction station because of cardiovascular 
defects, the following results were obtained at the five different cities: 

New York Philadelphia San Francisco 

1,000 1,035 959 

192 171 274 

808 864 685 

19.2% 16.5% 28.6% 

Chicago's low resubmission rate of 3.8% evidences very clearly that the 
Examining Physicians at the Local Board level and the medical examining 
officers at the Chicago induction station were most capable and thorough in 
performing the examinations of registrants. It also accented the wisdom of 
Illinois using cardiovascular experts in doubtful cases involving the heart or 
the vascular system. 

* 





Boston 


Chicago 


Total cases examined. . . 


. 1,000 


1,000 


Cases resubmitted 


. 188 


38 


Cases finally rejected. . . 


. 812 


962 


% of cases resubmitted . 


. 18.8% 


3.8% 



Ode to Selective Service 

I remember 'twas only some ten months ago 

That they classified me in I-A, 
And a couple of wise guys came down for a laugh 

When a corporal marched me away. 

I had hardly been gone from my town a week 

When that son-of-a-gun in III-A 
Took over my job at the vinegar works 

(Only he got just double my pay.) 

And, almost as soon as my troop train pulled out. 

That flat-footed guy in I-B 
Started running around with my girl friend at home 

Who had promised to stay true to me. 

But justice is justice — each dog has his day; 

And those guys in III-A and I-B 
Were reclassified so that they now drill all day 

And cuss at their sergeant— THAT'S ME! 

— Selective Service News Bulletin 



83 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 




ALBERT KOLIN PHOTO 

SEND-OFF FOR SELECTEES 

Like many other Illinois Local Boards, Chicago Board 44- always arranged 
an inspiring meeting of its inductees ahout to depart for service in the 
armed forces. Each group was personally conducted to its local point of 
departure. 



YV 



A New High in Gall 

Can you picture what classification Chicago Local Board 5 gave one 
of its registrants who wrote: '"I am the owner of a tavern, and I con- 
sider lliis job necessary for the health and welfare of the working man, and 
so, I think I should get a deferment."? 



84 



CHAPTER 



OPERATION OF STATE HEADQUARTERS 

A number of important factors proved of special advantage to the proper 
and successful administration of Selective Service in Illinois: 

1. Freedom of control in carrying out the requirements of the law and 
regulations. The National Director religiously maintained the prin- 
ciple of "self-government" in State operation of Selective Service. He 
believed that unwarranted interference would hamper rather than 
help. Consistently, he permitted Illinois State Headquarters to formu- 
late and practice policies which, after full consideration, were deemed 
to solve special problems which arose in this State. He rarely ever 
intervened in connection with classification determinations of Illinois 
local and appeal boards: in those few instances, his intervention was 
based upon an honest difference of opinion and a right of action 
authorized by law. 

2. Freedom from official influence, pressure or interference. The Gover- 
nors expressed and carried out their confidence in the State Director 
and subordinate agencies. They not only refused to use their own 
power of influence in any classification case, but they issued strict 
orders that every State official under their jurisdiction should follow 
the same policy. (Proclamations similar to that of the Governor were 
issued by the Secretary of State, the Auditor of Public Accounts, the 
State Treasurer, the Attorney General and the Superintendent of 
Public Instruction.) 

3. The State Director's wide personal acquaintance throughout the State. 
Time after time, State Director Armstrong was able to solve some 
acute problem through personal appeal — averting the resignation of a 
Local Board Member or other official: obtaining replacements for the 
various Boards : securing increased effort in official duties on emergent 
occasions; solving a vexing problem or controversy involving an em- 
ployer or organization; and so on. 

4. An able and willing group of staff members, many of whom prior to 
the Selective Service program, had received specialized training in 
the regulations and procedure. 

5. Volunteer personnel who patriotically carried out their responsibilities 
with a keen sense of duty, functioning with a genuine spirit of justice 
and fairness — demonstrating their integrity beyond doubt. 

6. Compensated civilian personnel who fully recognized their obligations 
and gave efficient service freely and beyond the call of duty. 



85 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



7. The personal assistance of the Governor, of the State Director's Ad- 
visors, and of the State's representative executives in industry, agri- 
culture and labor — all of whom cooperated generously and assisted in 
every way possible. 

8. The confidence and support of the press and radio, without whose 
valuable help the tremendous task would have been impossible. 

9. A patriotic citizenry which was ever alert to the needs of our Nation 
in its time of danger, as well as considerate of the exigencies of the 
Selective Service program. 

Policies of Operation 

At the very beginning, the State Director informed his Staff, the Local 
Boards and all others under his administrative control that their only job was 
to operate Selective Service strictly in accord with the technical requirements 
and moral principles of the law and the regulations. He assured his co- 
workers that no one would ever be required to submit to any influence or 
pressure that controverted his own individual sense of moral procedure; 
there might be honest difference of opinion, as authorized by law, but no one 
would ever be required to perform any duty which he knew to be improper. 

The State Director constantly endeavored to "sell his ideas" with respect 
to regulations and policies, rather than impose them upon Local Boards. In 
addition, he maintained strict rules with respect to the conduct of his Staff 
in contacts with or judgment of Local Boards which were: 

1. Recognize the basic right of Local Board to determine classification 
as it deemed correct in accordance with the regulations and estab- 
lished policies; 

2. Show the utmost courtesy and tact in dealing with Local Board Mem- 
bers, personnel, registrants, employers and others: 

3. Refrain from recommending appeals or taking other official actions 
on behalf of the State Director without first contacting and obtaining 
the approval of the Local Boards concerned; 

4. Remember that Local Board Members, Government Appeal Agents 
and other non-compensated personnel were giving their time and serv- 
ices without charge and were making great personal sacrifices in order 
to serve their country; that these volunteer members naturally would 
resent any arbitrary orders but, with good leadership, would generally 
be willing to accede to any reasonable request. 

5. Lend every possible cooperation and assistance to the Local Boards. 

In the early part of the Selective Service program, because of general 
un familiarity with procedure, State Headquarters found it necessary to issue 
a considerable number of instructional memoranda and bulletins which were 
intended to interpret regulations and policies. However, as time went on and 



86 



OPERATION OF STATE HEADQUARTERS 

Local Board Members and clerical personnel came to understand the pro- 
cedures and rules, fewer instructional memoranda were necessary. 

The more experience State Headquarters gained as the result of active 
administration of and contact with the Local Boards, the more it realized the 
great ability and devotion to duty on the part of the personnel of the Boards. 
It soon developed that the best policy was to permit the Boards as much 
autonomy as was possible under the law and regulations. Visits of field 
officers and auditing coordinators were always welcomed, and usually these 
visits prompted a special meeting of each Board visited, at which time the 
Members eagerly discussed new regulations or policies in an effort to im- 
prove the operation of the Board. 

The practice of these principles of self-government and cooperation is 
believed to have been largely responsible for the outstanding success of 
Selective Service administration in the State of Illinois. 

Headquarters Offices 

Originally, State Headquarters occupied three rooms on the first floor of 
the State Armory Building in Springfield. As activities increased, it was 
necessary to add more working space to the point where, at the peak, Head- 
quarters occupied the entire first floor of the north section of the Armory, as 
well as a part of the drill floor. In addition, a building containing approxi- 
mately 4,000 square feet, located at 1013 East Adams Street, Springfield, was 
used to house the Finance, Procurement and Supply Division and serve as a 
warehouse to maintain the stock of equipment and supplies for the entire 
System in the State. On occasions, this warehouse also supplied other States 
with equipment and supplies. 

The branch office at Chicago was first located in the building at 100 
West Monroe Street in that city, consisting of four rooms originally, and 
expanding to approximately half of one floor. 

On December 27, 1940, the entire sixth floor (6875 square feet) in the 
building at 105 West Monroe Street, Chicago, was leased to house the eight 
Cook County Boards of Appeal. By October, 1941, activities and personnel 
had increased to such an extent that it was necessary to relinquish the space 
at 100 West Monroe Street and move the Headquarters office to the sixth 
floor of 105 West Monroe Street. The establishment of the Social Services 
for Registrants Unit in the Chicago office of State Headquarters, plus expan- 
sion of the occupational deferment, medical and veterans personnel sections, 
made it necessary to lease an additional 6,330 square feet in the same build- 
ing, thus bringing the total space occupied by the Headquarters activities and 
the Boards of Appeal to over 13,000 square feet in the one building. 

Personnel 

As to personnel, State Headquarters had a total of 41 officers (38 Army, 
2 Navy and 1 Marine Corps) assigned to it during the System's operation, 



87 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

the peak at any one time being 31 officers. Civilian employes averaged 752, 
reaching a maximum of 1.367 at the busiest period of operation. 

All military officers were competent specialists in their particular phases of 
Selective Service operation. Most of them were of the higher military ages. 
Many of the officers naturally desired overseas service, but because of their 
particular training and value in Selective Service work, the State Director 
could not reasonably consent to their release except in the cases of several of 
the younger officers who, later in the program, were released and ultimately 
went overseas. 

All civilian employes ultimately were under the jurisdiction of Federal 
Civil Service — and either qualified for permanent appointment or were issued 
war service appointments. Because they had been well selected, they per- 
formed efficiently, worked together harmoniously and constantly showed a 
willingness to render service far beyond any standards that could be set 
merely by compensation. 

Since the State Director was not permitted to request deferment of any 
of his male employes of military age, twelve of the men employed by State 
Headquarters were inducted into the armed forces: 

Springfield Office 

Vito Banaitis — Cpl, Army 
Joseph I. Beveridge — Pfc. Army 
William F. Firke — S/Sgt, Air Corps 
Raymond E. Flinn — M/Sgt, Army 
Paul E. Haley— S/l CI, Navy 
Andrew J. Harford — Pvt, Army 
Walter L. Hornbeck — M/Sgt, Army 
Carl E. Pehlman— Y/l CI, Navy 
Lauren Rash — Pvt, Army 
H. Gene Samuel — 2nd Lt. Air Corps 
Edwin C. Wolf— M/Sgt, Arm) 

Chicago Office 

Raymond P. Sheehan — T/Sgt. Army 

The women of State Headquarters, too, were well represented in the 
various military service branches. They were: 

Springfield Office 

Miss Frances Bensch — Cpl, WACS 

Miss Ellen Hildenstein— Y/l CI, WAVES 

Miss Mary McDonald -Lieutenant, WAVES 

Miss Agnes Merrick (later Mrs. Ianson) — Cpl, WACS 



OPERATION OF STATE HEADQUARTERS 

Chicago Office 

Miss Anne E. Saunders — Captain, WACS 
Miss Helen Winters— Ensign, WAVES 

Additionally, there were a number of male and female employes who 
were employed at the Local Board offices who enlisted in the armed forces. 
Unfortunately, we do not have available the enlistment records of these par- 
ticular employes. 

Staff Meetings 

Staff meetings were held at frequent intervals at the State Headquarters 
office in Springfield. These meetings were presided over by the State Director 
and attended by the entire executive staff at Springfield as well as a repre- 
sentation of the staff at Chicago. 

New regulations and policies were discussed in order to reach a uniform 
interpretation and understanding on the part of State Headquarters. Divi- 
sion chiefs presented special reports, and the representatives of the Field 
Division kept the entire staff fully informed on the problems encountered 
at the Local Board level throughout the State. 

Similar meetings were held at the Chicago office, and the members who 
had attended each Springfield staff meeting instructed the Chicago group 
on the interpretations and policies formulated at the main headquarters. 
Matters peculiar to the Chicago metropolitan area were also discussed at 
these meetings. 

FIELD STAFF 

After Pearl Harbor, with the coming of war, Local Boards were inclined 
more and more to seek the assistance of State Headquarters in the interpre- 
tation of regulations as well as numerous questions of Board administration. 
It became necessary for the State Director to assign certain officers of State 
Headquarters to visit all Local Boards oftener and advise the Boards on 
current regulations and policies. Each of such officers was assigned specific 
counties for which he was responsible for regular Board visits. 

In addition, in order that all Local Board reports be uniform, that the 
rate of classification among the 361 Illinois Boards be kept at a proportional 
uniform level and that checks be made on the quality of classifications, the 
State Director appointed auditing coordinators (later designated as "field 
auditors") for regular visits to the Boards. 

In the appointment of the auditing coordinators, all male clerks of the 
Illinois Local Boards were given the opportunity to take an examination to 
compete for selection for the new positions. The examination was given both 
in writing and verbally, and was conducted by a committee of the two 
Deputy State Directors and the Chief of the Personnel Division. 



89 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

As the result of the examination, the following former Local Board clerks 
were chosen as auditing coordinators: 

Name From Local Board No. Date appointed Date left 

Charles Borden Chicago 87 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31. 1947 

William H. Bower. . . Hancock County 1 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31, 1947 

Charles Coan Richland County 1 Feb. 1. 1943 Oct. 21. 1945 

Russell D. Coulter. . .Chicago 91 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31. 1947 

William M. Cunniff. . Whiteside County 2 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31, 1947 

Thomas J. Devine. . . Kankakee County 2 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31, 1947 

Gerald G. Fitch Chicago 72 Feb. 1, 1943 June 25, 1945 

Claude W. Gallett. . .Cook County 11 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31, 1947 

Louis E. Grissom. . . .Effingham County 1 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31. 1947 

Arthur S. Holt* Waukegan 2 Feb. 1, 1943 Dec. 12. 1945 

Ira King* Bond County 1 Feb. 1, 1943 Feb. 3. 1945 

Clyde Kingdon Chicago 88 Feb. 1, 1943 Oct. 19, 1944 

Clayton G. Lasher . . . Evanston 3 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31, 1947 

Morris Palman Chicago 60 Feb. 1, 1943 Oct. 26, 1945 

Frederick L. Pearce. .Chicago 77 Feb. 1. 1943 Feb. 25, 1944 

Roy H. Rudolph .... Union County 1 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31, 1947 

Cecil C. Simpson. . . . Saline County 2 Feb. 1. 1943 July 31, 1947 

Joseph J. Weiler. . . .Chicago 75 Feb. 1, 1943 July 31, 1947 

Subsequently, the following field auditors were appointed: 

Albert P. Ryde Chicago 103 Aug. 1. 1944 July 31, 1947 

Emory H. Vickers . . . Evanston 1 Aug. 14. 1944 July 11. 1947 

Walter H. Gillan. . . .Tazewell County 2 April 1, 1945 July 31. 1947 

* Separated from service by death. 

# 



Wise Men Change Their Minds 

The members of Jackson County Local Board 2 at Murphysboro ex- 
perienced a most pleasant surprise when they read the following letter from 
one of their conscientious objector registrants: 

"I am writing to tell you that I want to be in Class I. 
At first, when I filled out my papers, I thought I was 
right in not wanting to take military training, but I 
have been convinced that my first thought was wrong. 
The more I think about the situation, the happier I am 
to be in this country. It seems as though a fellow 
doesn't really appreciate this country until he sees 
the condition of the rest of the world. I do not know 
what class you have placed me in, but I hope it is 
Class I. If you have not done this. I want you to. I 
hope that I have not caused you too much trouble." 



90 



CHAPTER 



LOCAL BOARD OPERATION 

Illinois Local Boards, with rare exceptions, consistently performed their 
functions in a complete and successful manner. They frequently went far 
beyond the normal efficiency required in an operation of this type. 

The primary objective of Selective Service was to obtain military man- 
power for the Nation's armed forces. That Illinois Local Boards carried out 
their part of this objective is evidence by the fact that Illinois slightly ex- 
ceeded the national percentage of men furnished in ratio to populations 
through enlistments and inductions. 

At the same time, Illinois Boards rendered valuable service to the war 
effort by deferring men who, in their civilian occupations, were necessary to 
industry and agriculture. Proof of their wisdom in this direction lies in the 
record of Illinois' magnificent industrial and agricultural production during 
the period of actual war. 

Membership on a Local Board was generally an arduous and thankless 
job. It was difficult to be confronted with the unpleasant and often heart- 
breaking responsibility of deciding which husbands, fathers and sons of their 
neighbors and friends were to serve in the armed forces. There were two or 
three occasions when Board Members suffered personal violence because of 
necessary official decisions; at other times, Members who were in business 
for themselves suffered severe trade losses. But these men were not deterred 
from their duties by thought of consequences. Without fear or favor, they 
carried out their responsibilities to their Nation in its time of need. 

The outstanding lesson which had to be learned by the Local Boards was 
how to determine justly and equitably which men should be made available 
for military service and which men should be deferred occupationally, be- 
cause of dependents, or for other reasons covered within the law and regula- 
tions. The task of weighing the evidence in each case and applying the regu- 
lations to it was not a simple one. As time went on, however, Local Boards 
developed a remarkable ability to judge the evidence quickly and decisively 
and to ferret out the individuals who attempted to use every kind of trick or 
subterfuge for the purpose of evading military service. In these considera- 
tions, every Board Member had ample opportunity — through actual experience 
— to receive a liberal education in practical psychology and to apply its prin- 
ciples more and more to Selective Service deferment problems. 

Local Board Members soon learned the necessity for abiding by the rules 
and regulations even though their own personal opinions were in conflict. 
They showed their willingness to subordinate their own personal feelings and 
act for the common good. They demonstrated that no personal sacrifice — 



91 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



either on their part or the parts of others — was too great when the Nation's 
safety was at stake. 

In virtually every area, the Local Board enjoyed the confidence, respect 
and cooperation of the general public. This in spite of the necessity for the 
Board in the official performance of its duties, to break up families and other- 
wise disturb the social and economic life of its community. 

COOPERATION WITH EMPLOYERS 

While not required to grant hearings to employers in regard to deferment 
of registrants, it was the policy of most Boards to grant such hearings without 
question. In many cases, the Local Boards even requested the employers to 
appear, or Board Members made personal visits to plants in order to obtain 
first hand information for the Board as to production requirements and 
labor supply. On the recommendation of the State Director, a number of 
industrial plants in various parts of Illinois invited large groups of Local 
Board Members to make inspection tours through their plants. This practice 
not only resulted in Local Board Members having a keener appreciation of 
the employers' production problems, but also better understanding and good 
will between the Local Boards and employers. These clarifying discussions 
of mutual problems did much to reduce considerably the number of occupa- 
tional appeals in Illinois. 

Industry, in general, was most generous in its praise of the manner in 
which their industrial deferment problems were handled by Illinois Local 
Boards. Numerous laudatory letters and other communications were received 
from industrial and commercial organizations and individuals. 

While agriculture was given every possible measure of consideration, it 
is perhaps natural that some farmers were disappointed and dissatisfied be- 
cause a number of their sons and hired hands were made available to the 
armed forces instead of being allowed to remain on the farm. In the main, 
Illinois farmers proved themselves to be extremely patriotic, not only on the 
question of giving up their farm help but also in the matter of working longer 
hours themselves in order to increase production on their farms. The agri- 
cultural leaders of Illinois cooperated wholeheartedly, and they consistently 
manifested their confidence in the Local Boards. Their patriotic helpfulness 
and faith in the System is best recorded by the fact that not a single com- 
plaint was ever received from any recognized agricultural leader in Illinois. 

PUBLIC CONFIDENCE MAINTAINED 

The general attitude of the public was universally one of respect and 
friendly cooperation. Thinking citizens realized fully the heavy responsibilities 
and the value of the services of the Local Board Members and clerical per- 
sonnel and frequently demonstrated their gratitude and admiration publicly 



92 



LOCAL BOARD OPERATION 




PAUL PUCKORIUS STUDIO 

INDUCTION PICTURES PRESENTED TO LEGION POST 

Prior to the official disbanding of DuPage County Board 4, the Members 
presented their interesting collection of inductee group pictures to 
Alexander Bradley Burns Post No. 80 of The American Legion. Appear- 
ing in the picture, from left to right, are: Paul Puckorius, the photog- 
rapher who presented the pictures to the Board Members; R. D. 
Thomason, Board Secretary; E. D. Timken, Board Member; Harold T. 
Moore, Board Member; Bernie F. Nesbit, Board Chairman; W. G. 
McCollum, Past Commander, Burns Post; Louis Edwards, Commander 
Burns Post. 



through community testimonial dinners. Even the registrants whom the 
Local Boards had removed from civilian life and sent into military service 
generally maintained a friendly feeling toward their Local Boards. This 
attitude was best evidened not only by the many warm-hearted letters received 
from their registrants in service but also by the cordial visits to the Local 
Board office when home on furlough or after discharge from active duty. 
Many of those who had been most bitter when inducted also came to realize 
that the Local Board had carried out its responsibilities fairly and as required 
by the law and regulations. 

Throughout the entire State, the press and the radio gave the Local Boards 
every possible cooperation and rendered valuable service by furnishing im- 
portant Selective Service information to their respective communities. 



93 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



It goes without saying, of course, that the Local Boards did not please or 
satisfy everyone with whom they had official business. Such performance is 
beyond the realm of possibility. Local Boards were legally obligated to carry 
out their functions strictly according to the regulations and directives, and it 
was inevitable that some people should resent the official interference with 
their private lives, regardless of the necessity for such action. 

If Congress had spent years in the consideration of the provisions and 
regulations of the Selective Service procedure, it could never have reached 
the point where it would have achieved the drafting of a perfect law. The 
variations within mankind and individual circumstances are such that no 
rule or regulation will fit every person without some kind of disturbing im- 
pact. Yet, in the majority of complaint cases, it was the Local Board — not 
Congress — which got the blame. State Headquarters learned of many cases 
of registrants who were indignant over the Local Board actions which sent 
them into service, but who later changed their minds and expressed their 
thanks to and confidence in the very same Board Members who had simply 
carried out their duties according to law. 

Occasionally, a complaint would be received at State Headquarters to the 
effect that the decisions of different Local Boards were not alike in what 
were considered similar cases. Now and then, a Local Board would be accused 
of rendering contrasting decisions on two cases which, to all appearances, 
were like in evidence. These complaints were always investigated by State 
Headquarters and, invariably, it was found that, while the circumstances of 
the registrants concerned might appear "identical" to the general public, 
there was sufficient variation in the written evidence to show definite reasons 
for different classifications. Since every Local Board had the statutory obli- 
gation to classify each registrant upon the written evidence which reflected 
his individual status, the Board had to make classification determination 
accordingly and could not "group" their registrants in the classification 
procedure. 

Because human nature itself does not function on the basis of a mechanical 
formula, it was natural that there should be some diversity of opinion not 
only between Local Boards but also within the Boards themselves. This trait 
of human nature has expressed itself since times immemorial, and one needs 
only to review the records of other great American institutions, such as 
juries, judges and other courts of decision — even the Supreme Court of the 
United States — to realize the variation of human consideration and opinion. 

The Selective Training and Service Act gave to each Local Board the 
right to make up its own mind as to determination of classification — subject, 
of course, to appeal. Local Boards, with full propriety, jealously guarded 
that right of determination. Whenever it appeared that any Local Board was 
basing its decision, or decisions, upon a misconception of evidence or mis- 
interpretation of the regulations, it was invariably willing to correct its error 



94 



LOCAL BOARD OPERATION 

upon proper advice. However, where the regulations were clear and the 
evidence was complete, the Local Board insisting upon making its own deci- 
sion. The State Director of Illinois was in full accord with such policy and 
constantly reminded his Staff that the statutory rights of the Local Board must 
be preserved intact. 

It is undoubtedly true that, out of the millions of classification actions 
handled in Illinois, some errors in judgment were made occasionally. Such 
mistakes, however, were rare in occurrence and constituted such a fractional 
percentage of the tremendous volume of classification achievements that they 
hardly bear mentioning. 

RELATIONS WITH STATE HEADQUARTERS 

Local Board relations with State Headquarters were friendly and coopera- 
tive throughout the entire Selective Service program. The governing attitude 
was one of partnership in a most important enterprise, and Boards not only 
welcomed but solicited the counsel of the State Director and his Staff on 
interpretation of regulations and policies, as well as their specific aid on 
individual cases. A difference of opinion on some particular case arose occa- 
sionally, but such difference was invariably resolved on a mutual basis and 
with good will. 

At times, it was found necessary to request a Local Board to reopen a 
case, specific reasons being given for the reopening. Quite often, the re- 
opening was technically required to correct a legal defect. The matter of 
classification determination, however, was left entirely to the judgment of the 
Local Board. Only in rare instances was any resentment encountered on the 
part of the Local Board and then, generally, because some community morale 
question had entered into the concerned registrant's case. 

Local Boards universally realized that State Headquarters did not wish 
to dominate Board decisions, but rather to help the Board by supplying all 
possible factual information available and to assist them in interpreting the 
regulations (extremely complex at times) and policies properly in accord- 
ance with the Act. In fact, as stated previously, The State Director kept his 
Staff under strict orders not to direct a particular classification, but rather 
only to advise the Local Board on the regulations and policies. 

Whenever an officer encountered a case wherein he believed that the 
Local Board had not classified in accordance with the evidence, such action 
was called to the attention of the State Director who, after obtaining the 
file in question and considering the evidence, determined whether or not he 
would take an appeal in accordance with his statutory right. The State 
Director's power and obligation to appeal were explained fully at all Local 
Board sectional meetings and by memorandums to all members of the System. 

Many Local Boards leaned heavily on State Headquarters for advice, 
particularly in connection with cases of occupational or dependency defer- 



95 






SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



ment. They had little occasion to consult other governmental agencies, 
except the United States Employment Service in regard to certain occupational 
deferment cases. Contacts with the Armed Forces Induction Station were 
generally maintained through State Headquarters. 

Until V-E Day, resignations of Local Board Members were confined 
almost entirely to those caused by incapacitating illness, death or moving out- 
side the area of jurisdiction. Forced resignations or removals for cause 
were confined to less than a dozen for the entire period of Selective Service 
operations. 



& 




NTERNATIONAL NEWS PHOTO 



THE "FISH BOWL" LOTTERY AT PALATINE 

When 211 Selective Service registration cards for Palatine Township were 
lost, State Director Paul G. Armstrong had all 211 men re-register and a 
lottery held to determine the Bequence of the registrants' serial numbers. 
Shown above in the foreground, left to right, are: Assistant State Director 
Louis A. Boening, the State Director, and Maj. Victor A. Klober. 



96 



CHAPTER XI 



REGISTRATION 

Prior to the First Registration, The Adjutant Generals Office (Illinois), 
with the assistance of the State Director of Selective Service, had contacted 
the various county clerks and other officials charged with regular election pro- 
cedure. As soon as the President issued his proclamation for the First Regis- 
tration on October 16, 1940, these officials set their plans in operation. 

School buildings, rather than the regular polling places, were chosen 
generally for registration stations because (1) it was a cardinal principle 
that all phases of political procedure should be completely disassociated from 
the operation of Selective Service, (2) school buildings could more efficiently 
take care of registration crowds, (3) public funds could be saved by obtaining 
school space free, and (4) the general public was familiar with locations of 
school buildings. Newspapers throughout the State gave exceptionally 
valuable cooperation by frequent publication of the addresses of all 



SERIAL MMlitU 



OBDEM MMBLlt 



Person Wao Win, al« 



I. addiis or That Fersos 



Puce or Emplotuevt or Bitwise 




REGISTRATION CARD 

Filled out at time of registration and, if 
the Board of registration had jurisdic- 
tion, it was retained in thai Board's files. 
Otherwise, it was forwarded to the proper 
Board. 



REGISTRARS REPORT 







I>L--t BIPTION OF REGISTRANT 




RACE 


HEIGHT 


WEIGBT 
(Approx.) 


COMPLEXION 













EVES 


EA1R 






Light 






l-Oj« B ta 




Ruddy 








Gray 




Red 




Dark 




OrlcDiJ 


tlsicl 




Bro<rn 




Freckled 






Dro.n 




Bis,* 




Indian 


P,ack 


Gray 




Dark brown 










Bald 




B!«k 




F. : no 


1 










97 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



registration stations and all the rules pertaining to registration re- 
quirements promulgated by the President. The various school authorities 
throughout the State lent their whole hearted cooperation by declaring a 
school holiday for Registration Day, furnishing the school buildings and 
obtaining the voluntary services of teacher and school employes as registrars. 

Registration cards and certificates were printed, as authorized by National 
Selective Service Headquarters, in Illinois and delivered to various election 
officials. Because of a shortage which developed in registration certificates 
early on the day of the First Registration, it was necessary to obtain an 
additional supply by immediate printing and distribution that same day. 

Registrars were obtained by recruiting teachers, judges and clerks of 
election, members of veterans' organizations and civic and social groups — 
wherever they could be obtained. It is estimated that a total of approximately 
42,000 persons served as registrars throughout Illinois on October 16, 1940. 

REGISTRATION DOWNSTATE 

Registration supplies were distributed by each County Clerk to the Chief 
Registrar for each registration station. All chief registrars and registrars were 
placed under Federal oath of duty. 

All registration stations were given the telephone number of the nearest 
State Police station, and arrangements were made for the police to deliver, 
by automobile or motorcycle, any additional necessary supplies of registra- 
tion cards or certificates. The National Guard made a plane and pilot avail- 
able for this same purpose, but it was used only once — when it became 
necessary to send 10,000 additional registration cards from State Head- 
quarters in Springfield to Waukegan. 

It was the lawful duty of every male citizen, of the United States, in the 
age group 21 through 34 years, and every male alien of similar age residing in 
the United States, to present himself at the registration station assigned for 
his area on October 16, 1940 and register for Selective Service. If any man 
who was required to register was away from his own area on Registration 
Day, he was obliged to present himself at a registration station in the area 
where he was temporarily located (college students away from home, travel- 
ing men, vacationers, etc.) . His registration card was later forwarded through 
the various State Headquarters, to the Local Board having Selective Service 
jurisdiction over the area which included his place of permanent residence. 

Registrars went to hospitals in their areas and registered men who were 
patients in those hospitals. Also, if a man was ill at home, or was otherwise 
unable to appear personally at the registration station, a registrar was sent 
out to register him: in some cases, a member of the man's family was 
deputized to make the registration. 

Men out of the United States on Registration Day were required to register 
within five days after returning to this country. 



98 



REGISTRATION 

Every man, on presenting himself for registration, was required to furnish 
the information to complete the Registration card (DSS Form 1) and swear 
to, or affirm, the truthfulness of his statements. After signing his own card, 
he was then given a registration certificate (DSS Form 2) which, according 
to the regulations prescribed under the law, he was required to carry on his 
person at all times. 

Registration stations remained open from 6 a.m. until every man in 
each area was properly registered. Some registration stations remained open 
until past midnight on Registration Day. 

After closing of the registration station, each Chief Registrar delivered 
all registration cards to the County Clerk of his county, including the com- 
pleted, spoiled and unused cards. (In later checking, a considerable number 
of valid, completed cards were found among the packages of "spoiled" cards. 
The discovery of this error proved the wisdom of retaining every card, 
whether valid or presumed to be spoiled. ) 

As the County Clerk was notified of the official organization of a Local 
Board in his county, he turned over the registration cards to the Chairman of 
the Board. The procedure of the Local Board, with reference to the disposi- 
tion of the registration cards, will be described after the special comment 
pertaining to the registration activities in Cook County. 

464,022 men were registered downstate on October 16, 1940. 

REGISTRATION IN COOK COUNTY 

Cook County has two election jurisdictions: (1) The Cities of Chicago, 
Chicago Heights, Berwyn and Harvey, and the villages of Summit, Stickney, 
Morton Grove, Elmwood Park and Skokie, all of which are under the election 
of the Board of Election Commissioner of the City of Chicago; (2) the 
remaining suburban cities, towns and rural areas within Cook County are 
under the election jurisdiction of the County Clerk of Cook County. 

So that the Selective Service registration in his area of jurisdiction would 
be conducted efficiently, County Judge Edmund K. Jarecki, under whose 
immediate control the Chicago Board of Election Commissioners functions, 
appointed Mr. James Connery of the Election Commissioner's office as 
Superintendent of Registration, and Mr. Henry Marski of the same office 
as Assistant. 

Judge Jarecki appealed to the 20,000 judges and clerks of election to 
offer their services as registrars in the many schools where the registration 
would be held. He also obtained the splendid cooperation of the Chicago 
and Cicero Boards of Education in their declaring a school holiday, furnish- 
ing the school building and obtaining the teachers and school employes to 
act as registrars. 

Classes on registration procedure were held in the Chicago City Council 



99 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



AMERICA'S TALLEST 
REGISTRANT 

Eight feet, four inches tall, Robert 
Wadlow, a registrant of Alton City 
Board 1, was easily the tallest regis- 
trant for Selective Service. Here he 
is shown with his father. Robert died 
several years ago. 




CHICAGO TRIBUNE PHOTO 

chambers by Judge Jarecki, Mr. Connery, the State Director and his Staff. 
The Election Commissioners' Office was also instrumental in preparing writ- 
ten instructions which were used by the principals of schools (who invariably 
served as Chief Registrars at their schools) for the instruction of their 
registrars. 

Judge Jarecki had twenty-five extra telephones installed in the Election 
Commissioners' office in the Chicago City Hall, and assigned trained operators 
to be on duty from 7 a.m. to 9 p.m. for a period of two weeks for the purpose 
of directing registrants to the proper places of registration and answering 
other inquiries regarding Selective Service registration. 

Registration supplies were delivered to the Board of Election Commis- 
sioners' registration stations through the cooperation of the Chicago Com- 
missioner of Police, who also kept a special detail on hand for emergency 
service throughout Registration Day. 

Since Chicago ordinarily has a large transient population, special registra- 
tion stations were set up at the Election Commissioners' office and several 
large downtown hotels for the purpose of registering out-of-town visitors. 
Later in the day on October 16, it was found necessary to instruct these sta- 
tions also to register all local citizens who presented themselves instead of 



100 



REGISTRATION 

referring them to the registration stations in their own respective residential 
areas. In fact, a small force at the Election Commissioners' office continued 
to register "stragglers" for almost a week after Registration Day. 

Complete lists of registration stations in Cook County were furnished to 
the metropolitan and local newspapers, without whose splendid cooperation 
the great task of registering approximately 544,294 in Cook County (473,536 
in Chicago and 70,758 in the suburban area) could not possibly have been 
accomplished. Most of the larger newspapers published registration station 
maps, as well as the lists of station addresses and registration rules for the 
information and convenience of the public. Likewise, the radio stations ren- 
dered valuable assistance by broadcasting registration details and providing 
broadcast time for the State Director and members of his Staff to discuss 
details of the approaching registration. 

One incident on Registration Day which clearly evidenced the extent to 
which patriotic urge can accomplish almost the impossible occurred when, at 
about 11 a.m. on that day, it was realized that we were short approximately 
100,000 registration certificates (Form 2) of the day's requirements. Four 
of Chicago's largest printers flatly declared that delivery of this amount of 
certificates, printed on both sides, could not possibly be made in less than 
twenty-four hours. Yet, the Cuneo Press of Chicago received the order at 
12:50 p.m., and by giving absolute priority to the Selective Service emer- 
gency, made zinc etchings, printed the job and commenced delivery of the 
needed additional certificates within just a little more than four hours after- 
ward. 

Completed, spoiled and unused registration cards and certificates were 
delivered to the registration headquarters in the Election Commissioners' 
office after closing of each registration station. 

Registration within Cook County, but outside of the jurisdiction of the 
Chicago Board of Election Commissioners was efficiently conducted under 
the jurisdiction of County Clerk Michael J. Flynn, with approximately the 
same procedure of that followed by County Judge Jarecki and his assistants. 
Registration supplies were delivered to the Chief Registrars by the County 
Highway Police who also rendered any additional service within their power 
during the entire period of Registration Day. 

The registration cards from the suburban cities, towns and communities 
were delivered to the County Clerk's office upon completion of registration 
and later transferred to the registration headquarters in the Board of Election 
Commissioners' office for distribution to the various Local Boards in the 
county. After Registration day, the Board of Election Commissioners fur- 
nished fifty clerks, for a period of two weeks, to sort the registration cards 
according to local board areas. 



101 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE »>$*. 

This is to certify that in accordant* with the 
Selective Service Proclamation of the President o( the United States 




FORM 2— REGISTRATION 

CERTIFICATE 
Presented to registrant at 
time of his registration, and 
required to be carried on his 
person at all times. 



SPECIAL SITUATIONS 

Regulations, as well as instructions from National Headquarters, required 
that a Local Board jurisdiction should ordinarily be limited to 3,500 regis- 
trants. The First Registration had been carried out according to the plans 
developed by the staff of The Adjutant General's office in cooperation with 
the election officials. As might logically be expected in a great and hurriedly 
organized undertaking like the First Registration, some of the planning did 
not work out — particularly in Cook County. Since no authoritative census 
figures were available except those of ten years previous, unrealized increases 
and decreases in the populations of certain proposed Local Board areas pro- 
duced unexpected inequities in numbers of registrants for these particular 
Board areas. In one Chicago ward, as stated earlier in this volume, one 
proposed Local Board had approximately 12.000 registrants while an adjoin- 
ing Board in the same ward had less than 800 registrants. Obviously, it was 
necessary that this and many other inequities be corrected immediately. 

The end result of the upset of planning was that all of the registration 
cards for Cook County had to be withheld from distribuiton to the organized 
Local Boards until a re-distributing could be accomplished to correct, so far 
as possible, the existing inequities. 



102 



REGISTRATION 

On registration night, the registration cards had been packaged and de- 
livered according to the original registration areas. In order to re-district 
the Local Board areas — as close as possible to 3,500 registrants each — it was 
necessary to combine the packages accordingly. This was done only after a 
day and night time-consuming job of figuring out the potential registrant 
population of the proposed new Local Board areas and outlining new maps 
to cover the wards, precincts and other areas involved. The tremendous 
re-districting job was not completed until five days before the National 
Lottery, which took place on October 29, 1940. 

The re-districting procedure brought about the establishment of seventy- 
three new Local Boards within the City of Chicago and four in the suburban 
area of Cook County. 

In spite of the almost insuperable problem of obtaining the required num- 
ber of Members for the newly-established Local Boards in only a few days' 
time, the State Director nevertheless did overcome the near-impossible situa- 
tion and had the new Members ready to function in due time. 

On the evening of Friday, October 25, 1940, the members of Local Boards 
in Cook County were called into meeting at the Council Chamber in the Chi- 
cago City Hall, and each Chairman was given the registration cards belonging 
to his Board. Explanation was made as to the reasons for delay in delivery 
of the registration cards. The personnel of the Boards were told of the critical 
situation which existed and the possibility of Illinois' delaying the National 
Lottery which was to be held in Washington less than four days later. 
Director Armstrong appealed to everyone present to devote every moment of 
his time, if at all possible, to the serial numbering, listing and other work 
necessary to put the State in a position of readiness in proper time. He cited 
the comment of the New York Times that "the National Lottery would prob- 
ably have to be postponed because Illinois would not be ready." He reminded 
them that the situation before them was a challenge to their patriotism and 
efficiency, and assured them of his confidence in their ability to "come 
through on time." 

The Local Board Members with the assistance of their clerks and volun- 
teer helpers, met the challenge! Not a single Board had been assigned any 
office space, furniture, equipment or supplies. Consequently they did their 
work in the business offices of Board members or in offices donated by other 
public-spirited citizens. Typewriters, desks, chairs and tables were borrowed, 
stationery was donated by Board members or, in some cases, seized wherever 
the necessary materials could be found. 

Continuously, and without sleep from Friday night until late Sunday, these 
loyal patriots worked against time — with the result that, on Sunday, October 
27, 1940, Director Armstrong was able to report Illinois ready for the 
National Lottery which was to be held on the following Tuesday. 



103 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

The superb performance of the Illinois Local Board members and their 
assistants enabled Illinois to be the first large State to report readiness for 
the National Lottery. Dr. Clarence Dykstra, National Director of Selective 
Service at that time, knew of the difficulties Illinois had encountered as the 
result of the First Registration and, on receiving Director Armstrong's report 
of readiness, answered with a telegram reading: "Congratulations on doing 
the impossible. It has been a splendid job." 

Thus, at the very outset of Selective Service operation, Illinois Local 
Boards amply demonstrated their patriotism, intelligence, ingenuity and 
capability to handle the many arduous and complex tasks that developed in 
the seven succeeding years. 

SUBSEQUENT REGISTRATIONS 

Registration for the five registrations subsequent to the First Registration 
were handled by the three hundred sixty-one Local Boards in the State. 
Complete instructions and supplies were furnished to each Local Board 
sufficiently in advance to enable the Board to make all plans and obtain the 
volunteer help necessary to accomplish each registration. Also, Field officers 
from State Headquarters traveled throughout the State a few days before 
the registration — to insure that instructions were fully understood and that 
Boards were well prepared to operate in accordance with the organized plans. 
On each occasion, the State and metropolitan police stood by to rush emerg- 
ency supplies to many Local Boards throughout the State. 

ANALYSIS OF AND COMMENTS ON THE 
SIX REGISTRATIONS 

First Registration — The date was October 16, 1940, and was for men 
who had been born on or after October 17, 1904 and on or before October 16, 
1919 (ages 21 through 35 years). Illinois registered 1,003,316 men — 461,022 
downstate and 544,294 in Cook County. Late registrants brought the State's 
figure for this registration up to 1,017,613. 

Second Registration — The date was July 1, 1941 (at Local Board 
offices) and included men born on or after October 17, 1919 and on or before 
July 1, 1920 (men who had become 21 years of age since the First Registra- 
tion). A total of 47,014 was registered for the State — 21,626 downstate and 
25,388 in Cook County. 

Third Registration — The date was February 16, 1942, for men born 
on or after July 2, 1920 and on or before December 31, 1921 (20-year olds I . 
also men born on or after February 17, 1897 and on or before October 16, 
1904 (men aged 35 through 44 years). A total of 559.429 men un- 
registered in Illinois — 257,337 downstate and 302.092 in Cook County. 



104 



REGISTRATION 

Fourth Registration — The date was April 27, 1942, for men born on 
or after April 28, 1877 and on or before February 16, 1897 (men aged 45 
through 64 years). A total of 968,055 men was registered for the State — 
445,305 downstate and 522,750 in Cook County. 

The Fourth Registration involved what may have been the most unusual 
registration dilemma encountered in all World War II. Chicago Local Board 
120 is located in the heart of the human derelict region of Chicago — noted 
the world over for its gathering of hobos, bums and panhandlers who live 
in the district's cheap hotels, flop houses, tin shack and other forlorn places. 
Most of these men were in the higher age brackets — specifically, over 45 
years of age. 

When the Fourth Registration opened, Chicago Local Board 120 found 
itself with a waiting line of human derelicts several blocks dong. Tenaciously, 
the men clung to their places in line. The volume continued so great — and 
the registration process was slower with these men — that Board 120 did not 
finish its registration until after four long days of nerve-wracking experience. 

Fifth Registration — The date was June 30, 1942, for registrants born 
on or after January 1, 1922 and on or before June 30, 1924 (18 and 19- 
year olds.) This registration brought in a total of 157,848 — 72,610 down- 
state and 85,238 in Cook County. 

Sixth Registration — This registration was divided into two parts: 
(1) those men who had become 18 years of age since the Fifth Registra- 
tion (June 30, 1942) ; and (2) those men who became 18 years of age on 
or before January 1, 1943. 

The first part of the Sixth Registration was held between the dates of 
December 11 and December 31, inclusive, 1942 — the individuals concerned 
being divided into three separate age groups who were registered in three 
successive weeks. A total of 28,406 men was registered during this first 
part — 13,067 downstate and 15,339 in Cook County. 

The second part of the Sixth Registration was continuous. It began 
registering male persons who became 18 years of age on January 1, 1943 
and, as other young men became 18 years old on successive days, they were 
required to register on their 18th birthdays, such registration continuing 
until March 31, 1947 and totaling 144,364 men. 

Summary 

The statistics below — taken from the Fourth Report of the National Di- 
rector of Selective Service — show the net results of registration of Illinois 
men of military age in the five registration periods. (The Fourth Registra- 
tion of 968,055 men is not included, since men over 45 years of age were 
not liable for induction.) These figures, compiled through December 31, 
1945, include men who registered late. 



105 



>Kl.i:cri\K SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



First Registration, October 16, 1940 1,017,613 

Second Registration, July 1, 1941 47,014 

Third Registration, February 16, 1942 559,429 

Fifth Registration, June 30, 1942 157,848 

Sixth Registration — 

December 11-31, 1942 28,406 

Subsequent to December 31. 1942 144.364 

172.770 



Total Registrants of Military Age 1.954.674 

Thus, adding the 968,055 non-military age men of the Fourth Registra- 
tion, Illinois accomplished a grand total registration of 2,922,729 men. 

During the operation of the Selective Service program. 536 Illinois citi- 
zens living abroad registered while abroad. 

On V-J Day (September 2, 1945), Illinois had approximately 1,300,000 
registrants of the then current military service age — 18 through 37 years. 
This figure placed Illinois second only to Pennsylvania in the matter of 
registration volume within one State Headquarters jurisdiction. (New York 
was divided into two separate administrations — one for New York City and 
the other for the remainder of the State.) 

According to statistics furnished by National Headquarters, as of August 
1, 1945, the 361 Illinois Local Boards were divided, according to number 
of military age registrants in each Board, as follows: 

No. of Registrants No. of Registrants 

in each Board No. of Boards in each Board No. of Boards 

500-999 1 3.500-3.999 85 

1,000-1.499 8 4.000-4.499 76 

1.500-1.999 11 4,500-4,999 34 

2.000-2,499 24 5.000-5,499 8 

2.500-2.999 44 5,500-5,999 7 

3.000-3.499 61 6.000 and over 2 



& 



WHIZZ! 

Burnet Robert Tedford, of Newton. Illinois, registered with Jasper County 
Local Board 1 on his eighteenth birthday — September 24, 1945. He asked 
if he could be included with the induction group which was to leave for the 
Chicago induction station at two o'clock the next morning. The Board Clerk 
gave Burnet an emphatic "No!" but Burnet was so persistent that the Clerk 
had the youngster fill out all the necessary forms from the Questionnaire to 
the request for immediate induction. Result — Burnet was in the Army within 
seventeen hours after he registered! 



100 



CHAPTER XII 



SERIAL AND ORDER NUMBERING 

FIRST REGISTRATION 

After each Local Board received the registration cards (following the 
First Registration), it was required to give a serial number to each regis- 
trant determined to be permanently under the jurisdiction of that Board. 
The registration cards were shuffled in accordance with procedure established 
by the Selective Service regulations, and then numbered consecutively. Each 
Board started with No. 1 and continued until all its cards had been given 
a serial number. The highest serial number in Illinois, at that time, was 4904. 

A complete list of each Board's registrants was typed (DSS Form 3) 
in sequence of serial numbers. One copy was posted prominently in the 
Local Board Office, another copy forwarded to the State Director. A third 
copy was sent to the local press. Serial numbers of registrants were given full 
publicity to prevent any charge of favoritism or tampering with the process 
of establishing priority of induction call among registrants. 

The National Lottery, held in Washington, D. C, took place on October 
29, 1940. Since there w r ere several Local Boards in the country which had 
each numbered their registration cards beyond No. 8,000, the authorities 
in Washington determined that it would be best to place 9,000 capsules, con- 
taining Nos. 1 to 9,000, in the large glass bowl to be used for the lottery — 
thus allowing for possible late registrants. (The glass "fish bowl" used in 
1940 was borrowed from Independence Hall, Philadelphia, where it had 
been placed after serving the same purpose in the World War I draft.) 

The first number drawn in the National Lottery on October 29, 1940 
was 158 — 100 numbers less than the first draft number drawn in 1917 
(258). Therefore, every man who held Serial No. 158 in his Local Board 
was given Order No. 1 in that Board. Unless he later qualified for defer- 
ment, such man became the first registrant in his respective Local Board to 
be subject to induction call under the Selective Service process. 

Since Serial No. 192 was the second number drawn from the Lottery 
bowl, each registrant holding that serial number was given Order No. 2 in 
his respective Local Board; and so on. 

The placing of order numbers on registration cards was not accomplished 
until each Local Board had received the National Master List — a list which 
showed the sequence in which the 9,000 serial numbers had been drawn out 
of the bowl at Washington. Each Local Board, after it received the National 
Master List, first crossed out all the serial numbers over and above its own 
highest number. For instance, if a Local Board had only 2,486 registra- 



107 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 







CHICAGO TRIBUNE PHOTO 

ONE OF ILLINOIS' MOST FAMOUS REGISTRANTS 

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Joe Louis is shown registering for Selec- 
tive Service at the Faren School, 51st Street and Wabash Avenue, Chicago 
on October 16, 1940. Shown, left to right, are: Alonzo Brooks, half- 
brother of Joe Louis; Louis; Julian Black, Louis' manager; Virgil Cook, 
Selective Service registrar. 

tion cards, all serial numbers above 2,486 on the National Master List were 
crossed out. The Board then assigned order numbers to its registrants ac- 
cording to the sequence of the serial numbers remaining on its copy of the 
National Master List. By this procedure, no one knew — prior to the National 
Lottery — whose serial number would get what order number, and the 
process of establishing priority for induction call represented the ultimate in 
honesty and fairness, as well as a complete absence of favoritism. (No 
serial number could legally be changed once it had been placed upon the 
registration card.) 

The order numbers li-l \\a> posted at (he Local Board office (usually on the 
window), filed with State Headquarters and sent to the local press. 



108 



SERIAL AJMD ORDER NUMBERING 

Using its order numbers list for sequence of mailing, each Local Board 
sent out questionnaires to approximately five per cent of their registrants. 
These questionnaires, when completed, together with other written informa- 
tion, statements, affidavits, etc., furnished by the registrant — and in many 
cases, his dependents or employer — provided the basis for classification and 
selection, procedures which will be explained later in this book. 

Any man who registered after the completion of order numbering accord- 
ing to the National Master List was given the serial number following the 
highest serial number held in his Local Board. His order number was as- 
signed according to the position which that serial number occupied on the 
National Master List, being given the same order number to that given to 
the serial number which preceded his on the Master List — with the addition 
of the letter, "A." For instance, suppose a late registrant drew Serial No. 
1984. If Serial No. 1721 was allotted Order No. 768, and Serial No. 1984 
followed Serial No. 1721 on the Master List, Serial No. 1984 would receive 
Order No. 768- A, and the registrant holding that number would be subject 
to induction call before Order No. 769. Thus late registration made no 
difference in the equitable process of determining priority of induction call. 

SECOND REGISTRATION 

Serial numbers for the Second Registration were drawn by lottery as 
had been done in the first Registration. The system of order numbering 
was varied somewhat in that each new registrant, in the sequence established 
by the Second National Lottery, had his registration card placed after each 
group of ten registrants of the First Registration. The numbers thus assigned 
were called "sequence numbers." This variation of procedure caused prac- 
tically no difference in priority of call. 

THIRD REGISTRATION 

The Washington lottery, which was employed as a means of determining 
the sequence of order numbers after the First and Second Registrations, 
was discarded and not used for the Third Registration. Instead, serial num- 
bers were given a "T" prefix, and cards were numbered from T-l up. A 
national master list provided for order numbers beginning with 10,001, and 
the procedure for assigning the orders numbers was similar to that used 
in the previous Registrations. 

FOURTH REGISTRATION 

Since the men in this Registration were 45 years old and up, and were 
not in the then current military liability age limits, no order numbers were 
assigned to the men in this particular group. 



109 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



FIFTH REGISTRATION 



A new system was used for serial numbering and order numbering the 
registration cards of the men of this Registration. Registrants' cards were 
sorted according to birth dates, and serial numbers were given an "N" prefix. 
The cards were numbered from N-l up. In cases where two or more men 
had the same birthdate, the cards of such men were arranged in alphabetical 
sequence. 

The order numbers for this group commenced with the order number 
following the highest order number used for the Third Registration. Thus, 
order numbers were assigned according to birth dates. 

SIXTH REGISTRATION 

This registration also called for the assignment of serial and order num- 
bers by sequence of date of birth. 



THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES 



HAS AWARDED THIS 



Certificate of Commendation 



Edmund L Wilson 

IN GRATEFUL RECOGNITION OF AID AND SUPPORT GIVEN 
THE SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM 




' Of TMt UNITED < 



DIRECTOR t'f SCLCCTIVI ' 



PRESIDENTIAL CERTIFICATE OF COMMENDATION 



110 



CHAPTER XIII 



CLASSIFICATION 



As stated earlier, each Local Board forwarded to all of its registrants a 
questionnaire for the purpose of obtaining information which would en- 
able the Local Board to determine whether a registrant should be selected 
for military service or deferred for specific reasons authorized in the Se- 
lective Service regulations. 

If a registrant had dependents, and either he or his dependent desired 
to claim his deferment for dependency reasons, the dependents filled out 
a certain section of the questionnaire and, in some cases, added affidavits or 
other statements. Where an employer desired the registrant's deferment 
for occupational reasons, the employer submitted information endeavoring 
to show that the registrant's civilian occupation and activity should receive 
priority over military need. Supplementary information was also filed in 
claims for deferment for reasons other than dependency or occupation. 

Early in the program, each registrant was required to fill out and re- 
turn his questionnaire within five days after the date on which it was mailed 
to him. This period was later changed to ten days. 

Whenever necessary, a registrant could contact a member of the Ad- 
visory Board for Registrants assigned to his Local Board and obtain help 
in filling out his questionnaire. 

So that each Local Board could keep current with its classifications and 
all Boards would have approximately the same percentage of their registrants 
available, the Illinois Local Boards were directed initially to mail out ques- 
tionnaires, in sequence of order numbers, to only five per cent of their regis- 
tration lists. Similar batches of questionnaires were subsequently mailed 
out at intervals until each Local Board had covered its entire registration. 
This procedure eliminated, to a maximum degree, the possibility of some 
significant change of status between the time the registrant submitted his 
questionnaire and the date of classification by the Local Board. 

GENERAL PRINCIPLES 

It was vitally necessary that every Local Board Member understand the 
specific details of classification as governed by the Selective Service regula- 
tions, as well as understand the fundamental principles surrounding such 
classification. The general rules which applied to the classification system 
may be set down as: 

1. Classification had to be based on the individual status of the regis- 
trant at the time the classification was made. Conditions of the past 
or plans for the future could not be considered. 



Ill 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



2. No classification was permanent. It prevailed only so long as the 
reasons for the classification existed. 

3. The law exempted certain people in high governmental positions so 
long as they held such positions — the Vice President, elected State 
officials, and certain legislative and judicial officials. 

4. All deferments and exemptions were for the benefit of the Government 
and not for the benefit of the individual. 

5. Every classification by a Local Board was subject to appeal by any 
person entitled to such appeal. 

6. The administrative agencies of Selective Service could review a case 
at any time. 

7. The Government Appeal Agent was duty-bound to review the Local 
Boards classifications, and he could appeal or take other authorized 
action without the consent of the Local Board. 

8. Full publicity was to be given to the Local Boards classifications. 

9. There was to be no discrimination for or against any registrant be- 
cause of his race, creed, or color, or because of his membership or 
activity in any religious, political, labor or other organization. 

10. When the status of a registrant changed, he was required to report 
the change to the Local Board, or if the Local Board otherwise ob- 
tained the information of a change of status, the registrant was to be 
reclassified if such action was indicated. 

11. Every time a registrant was classified, a notice of such classification 
was to be mailed to the registrant and any other person who filed a 
request for the registrants deferment. 

12. Every registrant was entitled, by law, to a personal appearance be- 
fore the Local Board provided he made written request for such 
hearing within ten days after the date of which his classification card 
was made. (No such privilege existed on the classification made fol- 
lowing any such personal appearance.) 

13. No registrant could be inducted until after he had been placed in a 
class available for service. 

14. No registrant could be inducted into the armed forces until and 
unless he was acceptable to the armed forces. 

15. Volunteers for induction were to be classified in exactly the same 
manner as other registrants, except that the classification of such 
volunteer took precedence over the classification of other registrants. 
If the volunteer was placed in a deferred class, he could not be 
inducted. 



112 



CLASSIFICATION PROCEDURE 



16. The classification determination of a Local Board was to be the 
result of the collective opinion of the individual Board Members, and 
was not to be decided or influenced by any one Member. 

LOCAL BOARD PROCEDURE 

In order for a Local Board meeting to be legal, each meeting had to 
have a quorum of Members present. When the Board membership was three 
(until April 16, 1942), two Members were required for a quorum; when 
Boards consisted of five Members, three of them were required for a quorum. 

While the basic regulations as to classification procedure were followed 
by all Local Boards, the methods of administrative procedure varied among 
the individual Boards. Most Board meetings included the presence of the 
Clerk, who was depended on for his knowledge of the regulations, as well 
as memoranda and directives from National and State Headquarters. Many 
Boards invited the Government Appeal Agent to sit in at the meetings, and 




CLASSIFICATION RECORD— FORM 100 

Each Local Board kept a detailed account of the classification record of 
each of its registrants. This record, open to public inspection at all 
times, revealed all significant dates in connection with the classification 
procedure of every registrant, along with all classifications granted to 
such registrant. 



113 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

while he was not allowed to vote on classifications, he frequently rendered 
valuable assistance by advising the Board legally and, on occasions, ques- 
tioning persons before the Board. 

Prior to the Board meeting, the Clerk usually assembled the files of the 
registrants whose order numbers had been reached (for classification), plus 
other cases which had been carried over, and presented them for action at 
the Board meeting. Some Boards required the Clerk to make a "digest" of 
the evidence in each case prior to the meeting. 

The procedure of most Local Boards was to have either a Member or the 
Clerk read the evidence in each file to the assembled Board. The evidence 
would then be discussed by the Members, such discussion frequently re- 
quiring a consultation of regulations or pertinent memoranda. A vote of 
the Board members present was then taken, the majority vote determining a 
classification. Occasionally, where a tie vote was encountered, lengthy dis- 
cussions developed, but were usually resolved, sometimes requiring the ob- 
taining of additional evidence. In all the seven years of Selective Service 
Administration in Illinois, less than a handful of cases were referred to 
State Headquarters because of a deadlock vote; in each absolute deadlock, 
the State Director usually transferred the classification responsibility to 
another Local Board. 

According to regulations, the Local Board was required to follow a 
definite sequence in considering the classification of a registrant. In other 
words, classification consideration always began at the most remote class, 
and all possibilities for deferment were fully considered and eliminated 
before a registrant was finally placed in a class available for service. 

While the sequence of classification consideration varied from time to 
time throughout much of the period of operation of Selective Service, the 
following sequence prevailed after the procedure had been stabilized: 

Classes I-C . . . I-G . . . IV-D . . . IV-B . . . IV-A . . . 

II-C . . . II-B . . . II-A . . . III-D . . . IV-C . . . 
IV-F . . . IV-E . . . I-A-0 . . . I-A. 

After a Board meeting, the Clerk was directed to mail classification no- 
tices to each registrant whose case had been acted upon at the meeting. 

Many registrants took advantage of their mandatory right to a personal 
appearance before the Local Board, after classification. While the regula- 
tions permitted such personal appearance to be held before one or more 
Members of the Board, the usual procedure was to have the registrant appear 
before the entire Board. 

Local Boards were not required to grant hearings (personal appearances) 
to employers or dependents. However, in the true spirit of fairness that 
characterizes the American system of consideration, virtually every Local 
Board in the State was very generous in the matter of granting such hear- 



114 



CLASSIFICATION-THE VARIOUS CLASSES 



NOTICE OF CLASSIFICATION A PP . not R eq . 

(First ual (Middle n»me) (LuIiiih) 

(Drier N:>. has been classified in Class. _ 

(Until 19 ) 



(Inwrt d.w (or Clm II-A and II-B only) 

Local Board. 

Board of Appeal (by vote of to ). 

President. 



19. 



Nof/'ce of right to appeal 

Appeal from classification by 
local board must be made 
within 10 days after the mail- 
ing of this notice. You may 
file a written notice of appeal i 
with the local board, or you 6 
may go to the office cf the local ~ 
board and r:gn appeal form on -5 
back of Selective Service Ques- 5 by rj 
tionnaire (Form 40). J? i— i 

Within the same 10-day pe- § LJ 

riod you may file a written "g U 

request for personal appear- ^ 
ance before the local board. 
If this is done, the time in 
which you may appeal is ex- 
tended to 10 days from the 
date of mailing of a new 
Notice of Classification (Form 
57) after such personal ap- 
pearance. 

If an appeal has been taken 

and you are classified by the board of appeal in either Class I-A. I-A-O, or IV-E and one or more members of 
the board of appeal dissented from such classification, you may file appeal to the President with your local board 
within 10 days after the mailing of notice of su:h classification. 

For advice, see your Government appeal agent. 

The law requires you: (1) To keep in touch with your local board; (2) to notify it of any change of 
address; (3) to notify it of any fact whUh might change your classification; (4) to comply with the 
instructions on the notice of classification part of this form. gpo 16— 31524-4 



( D»t« of m»illa4) (M«mb«r of loe*l bo»rd) 

The law requires you, subject to heavy penalty for violation, to have this 
notice, in addition to your Registration Certificate (Form 2), in your personal 
possession at all times — to exhibit it upon request to authorized officials — to 
surrender it, upon entering the armed forces, to your commanding officer. 
DSS Form 57. (Rev. i:-10-43.) 



-Cut along this line to detach card- 



NOTICE OF CLASSIFICATION— FORM 53 

Each time a Local Board classified one of its registrants, the Board was 
required to send the above Notice to the registrant and any other person 
who had filed any written statement with reference to deferment of the 
registrant. The registrant was required, by law, to carry this card on his 
person at all times. 

ings. These, plus the personal appearances granted to registrants, accounted 
for a considerable share of the time Board Members found necessary to 
devote to Selective Service duties. If they were not busy hearing claims for 
deferment, they were diligendy applying themselves to the monotonous but 
necessary work involved in the studying of written evidence submitted in 
cases for classification. To give the reader an idea of the extent of time 
put in by Local Boards, it can be said that the average Board Member reg- 
ularly gave as high as twenty hours a week of their personal time to Local 
Board work. Many Members even went far above that in crucial periods. 

THE VARIOUS CLASSES 

The classification system, under the Selective Training and Service Act 
of 1940 and its Amendments, provided for classification of registrants in 
four major classes. Class I consisted of men immediately available for serv- 
ice because of being found physically and mentally fit and without reason 
for deferment. Class II was made up of men who, for civilian occupation 
necessity, could be deferred for periods up to six months; in the main, they 



115 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

were necessary men in war production industries and agriculture. Class 
III comprised men who had dependents who relied upon the registrants for 
financial support from earned income or for physical support (in cases of 
invalids). Class IV consisted of men who had completed their military 
service, persons exempted by law, non-declarant aliens, ministers of religion 
and divinity students, conscientious objectors to both combatant and non- 
combatant military service, and men found physically, mentally or morally 
unqualified for military duty. 

As with any major and extended program, it was found necessary to 
amend the requirements for deferment in various deferred classes; also, 
in some cases, to abolish certain classifications and establish others. There- 
fore, for the sake of brevity and simplicity, all classes which existed during 
the administration of Selective Service are listed below in outline: 

Class I — Available for Service 

I-A — Physically, mentally and morally fit for full military service; 

I-A-0 — Same as I-A, but conscientious objectors to combatant military 
service ; 

I-B (changed in July of 1943 to "I-A (L)")— Fit only for limited mili- 
tary service, because of some minor physical defect; 

I-B-0 — Same as I-B, but also conscientious objectors against combatant 
military service. 

Note: Classes I-B and I-B-0 were abolished August 18, 1942. Desig- 
nations of "I-A (L)" and "I-A-0 (L)" were made beginning March 
6, 1943, to prevent unnecessary appeals and to show specifically the 
"limited" classification. 

I-C — While this classification was included in the "available for service" 
major group, it actually comprised members of the armed forces and, 
during most of the program, those men who had received honorable 
discharges, or discharges under honorable conditions. 

On April 21, 1944, Class I-C "Dec" was established to include those men 
who had been separated from the armed forces by death. 

Class I-C "Disc" was set up on October 5, 1944 to include men who 
had been separated from the armed forces by honorable discharge or dis- 
charge under honorable conditions. 

The above two sub-classifications enabled the Local Board and higher 
agencies in the System to determine quickly how many of a Board's regis- 
trants still continued as members of the armed forces. To further delineate 
between the number of men each Local Board had furnished through Se- 
lective Service process and those men who had enlisted or had been com- 
missioned, a further division of Class I-C was instituted (date not available) 
by establishing Class I-C "Ind." and Class I-C "Enl." 



116 



CLASSIFICATION— THE VARIOUS CLASSES 

The four sub-classifications of Class I-C were set up solely for statistical 
purposes. 

I-D — Same as I-A. except deferred from service until July 1, 1941 be- 
cause of being bona fide students in college or university. 

I-D-0 — Same as I-D, but also conscientious objectors against combatant 
military service; 

I-E — Same as I-D, but fit only for limited military service; 

I-E-0 — Same as I-E, but also conscientious objectors against combatant 
military service: 

Note: Classes I-D, I-E and I-E-0 were abolished on August 31, 1941. 

I-G — Registrants who were members of the armed forces of cobelligerent 
nations, or who had completed satisfactory service with the American 
Field Service, or had completed satisfactory service with the United 
States Merchant Marine; 

I-H — Available for service, but over 27 years of age; 

Note: Class I-H was established on August 16, 1941; was effective 
only until Pearl Harbor; was formally abolished on November 19, 
1942. (The peacetime conditions under which the Selective Service 
law was being administered during the middle part of 1941 and the 
state of public opinion in that situation prompted State Director 
Armstrong to have a survey made as to the ages of men then being 
accepted for induction. The survey, made by the Chicago office, 
indicated that approximately 75% of the men being inducted were un- 
der twenty-eight years of age. Because of disruption to industries and 
families encountered at that time by the induction of the older men, 
it was felt that the needs of the armed forces could readily be met 
by use of the younger group — that is, those under twenty-eight years 
of age. Results of the survey and recommendations were forwarded 
to the National Director, with the result that Congress shortly there- 
after reduced the maximum induction age limit to twenty-seven years. 
Men older than twenty-seven years, but who were otherwise imme- 
diately available for service, were classified in Class I-H. Pearl Har- 
bor, of course, quickly eliminated the prohibition of inducting these 
men into service.) 

Class I was not a stable group, nor did it constantly accumulate in num- 
ber. While men were being regularly added to it, other men were always 
being withdrawn from the classification by: 

1. Being commissioned in the Army, Navy and Marine Corps. 

2. Enlisting in the armed forces. 

3. Reclassification of men inducted into service. 

4. Reclassification by Local Boards, Boards of Appeal or the President. 



117 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

5. Physical disqualification. 

6. Deaths of registrants. 

7. Various statutory acts (change of induction ages, marital status, etc.). 

In one of the lighter moments (yes, there were such at times) of Se- 
lective Service administration, one local board clerk very aptly put down 
her board's problem of keeping sufficient men available in I-A. In spite of 
the humor contained in the following poem, the seriousness of the situation 
is quite apparent: 

Ten little registrants standing in a line 
One joined the Navy, then there were nine. 

Nine little registrants sitting on a gate 
One broke a vertebra, then there were eight. 

Eight little registrants talking 'bout heaven 
One went conscientious, then there were seven. 

Seven little registrants, what a strange mix! 
One became a pilot, then there were six. 

Six little registrants very much alive 

One went and drowned and then there were five. 

Five little registrants full of canny lore 
One stole a pig and then there were four. 

Four little registrants, spry as could be 

One became twenty-eight, then there were three. 

Three little registrants, all alone and blue 
One fed his relatives, then there were two. 

Two little registrants, what can be done 

One went to a psychiatrist, then there was one. 

One little registrant, classified I-A 
Physically, mentally, morally okay. 

One little registrant to tote a big gun 

He got married and then there were NONE! 

— Reprinted from "Selective Service in Peacetime," the 
National Director's first Report to the President. 

Class II — Occupationally Deferred 

II-A — Man engaged in and necessary to any industry, business, agri- 
cultural pursuit, governmental service, or any other service or en- 
deavor, or in training or preparation therefor, the maintenance of 
which was necessary to the national health, safety or interest; 



118 



CLASSIFICATION— THE VARIOUS CLASSES 

II-B — Same as II-A, but engaged in defense or war production occupa- 
tions; (Established June 5, 1941) 

II-C — Same as II-A, but engaged in agricultural occupations; (Established 
November 18, 1942) 

Class III — Deferred Because of Dependency 

III-A — Registrant with dependents who depended on such registrant for 
support from earned income; (Discontinued on December 11, 1943 
and formally abolished on April 21, 1944; reestablished on Novem- 
ber 15, 1945, to provide classification for any registrant with three or 
more children 

III-B — Same as III-A, but also engaged in essential war production; 
(Established April 23, 1942; abolished April 12, 1943) 

III-C — Same as III-A, but also engaged in agriculture essential to the war 
effort; (Established November 17, 1942; abolished February 17, 
1944) 

III-D — Registrant whose induction would cause extreme hardship and 
privation to wife, child or parent; (Established April 12, 1943) 

Class IV — Not Militarily Liable 

IV-A — Registrants who had completed certain periods of military serv- 
ice and had received honorable discharge or discharge under hon- 
orable conditions. Class IV-A was reserved for registrants "not mili- 
tarily liable" only until December 8, 1941. No classifications were 
then made in IV-A until November 13, 1942 when registrants 45 
years old and over were placed in Class IV-A. Effective, October 5, 
1944, men ages 38 through 44 years were also included. On August 
31, 1945, the regulations were amended to include registrants 26 
years old and over in Class IV-A; however, the age for qualification 
in IV-A was raised to 30 years on May 23, 1946. Effective December 
7, 1944, any man classified in IV-D, IV-B or IV-E was not eligible 
for Class IV-A, regardless of his age; Class I-C was added to this 
provision on July 6, 1945, and Class I-G on August 31, 1945. The 
qualifications shown below for Class IV-A apply to registrants "not 
militarily liable" — in effect prior to Pearl arbor: 

(1) Men who has satisfactorily served as officers or enlisted men 
for at least three consecutive years in the Regular Army, Navy, 
Marine Corps or Cost Guard; 

(2) Men who served in the active National Guard satisfactorily for 
one year in Federal service and two consecutive years in the 
National Guard; 



119 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

(3) Any man who was serving in the active National Guard at the 
time of registration and who had served satisfactorily for at least 
six years; 

(4) Any man who was on the eligible list of the Officers' Reserve 
Corps for at least six consecutive years; 

(5) Any man who had satisfactorily served for at least three con- 
secutive years on active duty in the Naval Reserve of the Marine 
Corps Reserve; 

(6) Any man who had served at least one year on active duty and 
two consecutive years in the Regular Navy or Marine Corps, 
or an organized unit of the Naval Reserve or Marine Corps 
Reserve ; 

(7) Any man who had satisfactorily served in the organized Naval 
Reserve or Marine Corps Reserve for at least six consecutive 
years ; 

(8) Any man who had satisfactorily served for at least eight con- 
secutive years in the Naval Merchant Marine Reserve or Volun- 
teer Naval Reserve or Volunteer Marine Corps Reserve; 

(9) Members of the Coast Guard Reserve, other than temporary 
members, received the same classification as members of the 
Naval Reserve. 

IV-B — (1) Officials deferred by the law itself, including the Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States, the Governors of the States, and other 
State officials chosen by the voters of the entire State, Members of 
Congress, members of a State legislative body, and judges of the 
court of record of the United States or a State; 

(2) Officers and enlisted men in the Coast and Geodetic Survey, or 
in the Public Health Service, and cadets of the advanced course, 
senior division, of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps or the 
Naval Reserve Officers' Training Corps; 

(3) Men who had been accepted (but not yet entered) as Mid- 
shipmen of the United States Naval Academy and cadets of 
the United States Military Academy and the United States Coast 
Guard Academy. 

IV-C — All aliens who did not have on file with the Federal Immigration 
and Naturalization Service, a valid declaration of intention (First 
papers) to become citizens of the United States. 

IV-D — Regular and duly ordained ministers of religion, and students 
preparing for the ministry in a theological or divinity school rec- 
ognized as such for more than one year prior to September 16, 1940 



120 



CLASSIFICATION— THE VARIOUS CLASSES 

IV-E — Objectors to both combatant and non-combatant military service, 
who were available only for civilian work of national importance 
(conscientious objector camps) . 

IV-F — (1) Men who had been dishonorably discharged from the Army, 
Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard; 

(2) Men who had been discharged from the armed forces because 
of undesirable traits of character or habits; 

(3) Men who had been convicted of any of the following heinous 
crimes: treason, murder, rape, kidnapping, arson, sodomy, 
pandering, any crime involving sex perversion, or any crime 
involving illegal dealing in narcotics or other habit-forming drugs; 

(4) Men who had been convicted on two or more occasions of any 
offense (other than a conviction for an offense committed in 
violation of the Selective Service law or regulations) for which 
he could have been punished by death or confinement for a term 
exceeding one year in a penitentiary or prison; 

(5) Chronic offenders with pronounced criminal tendencies who, 
in addition thereto, had been convicted on at least three occasions 
of any offense for which they could have been punished by a 
jail sentence; 

(6) Men who were being restrained in the custody of any court of 
criminal jurisdiction or other civil authority; 

(7) Irrespective of any of the provisions mentioned above, registrants 
who were found to be morally unfit for military service; 

(8) Registrants who were found, after physical examination, to be 
physically or mentally unfit for military service. 

IV-H — Registrants between 38 and 44 years of age, inclusive (Established 
January 1, 1943; discontinued on March 6, 1943, and formally 
abolished on November 6, 1943. 

Note: After March 6, 1943, deferred registrants between the ages of 
38 and 44 years, inclusive, had the designation "(H)" added to their 
classifications (a procedure abandoned on October 5, 1944); Like- 
wise, commencing April 21, 1944, the designation "(F)" was added 
for a deferred registrant who had been found unfit for any military 
service, and the designation "(h)" was added to show fitness only 
for limited military service. 

As previously stated, changes in the Selective Training and Service Act 
of 1940 and its regulations were necessary from time to time. These changes 
will be discussed in detail in the various chapters which follow. 



121 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



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122 



CHAPTER XIV 



CLASSIFICATION IN OPERATION 

After receiving a registrant's Selective Service questionnaire, plus any 
other written evidence which might be submitted, each Local Board studied 
the evidence carefully to determine the classification for which the registrant 
qualified in accordance with the regulations. 

During the draft administration of World War I, a Local Board com- 
menced its classification process with the presumption that every registrant 
was in Class I-A unless the evidence in his case showed that he was entitled 
to some other classification. During World War II, however, the procedure 
was reversed; the Board's first course was to eliminate eligibility for all other 
classes before finally determining that a registrant belonged in Class I-A. 

Various sequences of classification consideration were prescribed, although 
all of these sequences followed a basic pattern. As the Board applied the 
evidence to the requirements for each class, it either found the registrant 
qualified for that class, or it found him not qualified for such class and forth- 
with passed on to considering him for the next classification in the prescribed 
sequence. 

When the non-eligibility classes had been eliminated, and the Board came 
to a class for which the registrant might qualify, a vote of the Board Mem- 
bers was taken. A majority vote determined the final action. A few Boards 
in the State pursued the policy of arguing out each case until a unanimous 
vote was achieved. Most Boards, however, determined their classifications by 
majority vote without endeavoring to reach a unanimous opinion. 

After classification was determined, the Board turned the registrant's file 
over to the clerk, who immediately forwarded a Notice of Classification 
(DSS Form 57) to the registrant; to an employer, if the employer had filed 
a deferment statement in the case; to a dependent who submitted a statement 
of dependency; to any other person entitled to such notice. The post-marked 
date on such Notice was the beginning of the period in which a registrant 
could file an appeal or request a personal appearance before the Local Board 
(or other person could file an appeal) . 

If the registrant, within the prescribed period (originally five days and, 
later, ten days), filed written request for a "personal appearance," it was 
mandatory upon the Local Board to grant such hearing before the Board. 
The date for such hearing was set at the Board's convenience, and the regis- 
trant had the opportunity to come in and explain to the Board why he felt 
that the Board had erred in determining classification in his case. He was 
also permitted to submit any additional evidence which might assist the 
Board in its new determination of classification. After each such hearing, the 
Board was required to determine classification anew and again send the 



123 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

registrant (plus all others concerned) a Notice of Classification. The second 
Notice of Classification did not give the registrant a mandatory right to 
another personal appearance before the Local Board. Instead, if he wished, 
the registrant could then appeal his classification to the Board of Appeal. 

If such notice of appeal was mailed within the prescribed period of time 
following the date of the classification notice, it was mandatory upon the 
Local Board to forward the registrant's file, along with any appeal statements 
submitted, to the Board of Appeal having jurisdiction over the Local Board's 
area. Notice of appeal could also be filed after the first Notice of Classifica- 
tion — without requesting a personal appearance. 

From time to time, Local Boards were requested to review the cases of 
their registrants in deferred classes so that all available manpower for the 
armed forces could be obtained. Also, the Boards, on various occasions, 
received orders to reclassify men in a certain class which had been abolished. 
When the Board made its reclassifications in these instances, it was required 
to send the Notice of Classification to all registrants and others concerned. 

PROBLEMS INCIDENT TO CLASSIFICATION 

As previously stated, the process of classification was not a mechanical 
one. Classification in each case had to be determined on the basis of the 
evidence in the particular registrant's file. All evidence was required to be 
written, and had to be substantial rather than implied. Hearsay or anonymous 
evidence could not properly be used for consideration unless and until such 
type of evidence had been verified by investigation. Only by investigation 
and preparation of new written evidence could hearsay statements or anony- 
mous communications develop into substantial evidence which the Local 
Board could use legally. 

Many anonymous communications were received by the Local Boards. 
Usually, they were perpetrated by some crank, or by someone who had a 
grudge against some particular registrant or employer. In the bulk of the 
cases, such letters were signed "Real American," "Patriotic Citizen," or some 
such title — a title which belied its claim through the un-American indulgence 
in unidentified communications seeking to discredit a registrant or employer. 

Invariably, these anonymous communications were investigated and found 
to be without truth or logical evidence. There were a few of such letters, 
however, which actually provided a sound basis for investigation and which 
later revealed specific evidence upon which changes were quickly made in 
the classifications of the registrants involved. 

One instance of the lack of foundation for complaints of political favor- 
itism occurred in early 1942. The State Director was stopped in the State 
capitol building by an elected public official who stated that the Local Board 
in a particular downstate county was composed entirely of members of the 
political party opposite to that of the elected official and that men of his own 



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CLASSIFICATION— AVAILABLE FOR SERVICE 

party were being inducted in order to reduce his party's votes in a forth- 
coming election. 

The State Director's policy, of course, had been to have an equitable 
division of members of the two major political parties on each Local Board, 
and he found the official's complaint hard to believe. Therefore, in company 
with the official, the State Director examined the personal questionnaire of 
each Member of the Local Board in question. As he had expected, Colonel 
Armstrong found the usual equitable division of representation. Further- 
more, it was revealed that three of the five Local Board Members and the 
Government Appeal Agent (who also had certain functions in connection 
with classification) were actually members of the same political party as 
that of the elected official. 

All complaints — whether signed or anonymous, whether against a regis- 
trant or against a Local Board — were carefully investigated. If a complaint 
pertaining to a registrant was received at State Headquarters, it was for- 
warded to the Local Board concerned; if it referred to a Local Board's action, 
procedure or policy, it was investigated by State Headquarters. In the latter 
cases, a field officer was usually dispatched to the city or town in which the 
Board was located. 

Since no law, rule or regulation could possibly be made that would fit 
perfectly the situation of every registrant, Local Boards often encountered a 
difficult problem in making a determination that would be fair to both the 
armed forces and the registrant, his dependents or employer. In cases of 
doubt, the Boards — in accordance with the regulations — were generally will- 
ing to resolve such doubt in favor of the registrant, dependent or employer. 
It was important — in the prosecution of the war — that the social, religious 
and industrial life of our country not be disturbed to such an extent that 
there would be created a bad morale which could easily interfere with 
America's efforts to prosecute the war successfully. Men could not be sent 
into battle without proper equipment. Therefore, necessary men had to be 
deferred — at least temporarily. 

Indeed, at times, decision on the part of a Local Board was extremely 
difficult. Yet, only in less than a handful of cases throughout the entire 
Selective Service program, did Illinois Local Boards fail to carry out their 
classification responsibility by arriving at some specific determination. The 
few such cases were transferred to other Local Boards for classification. 

CLASS I— AVAILABLE FOR TRAINING AND SERVICE 

Class l-A — Available for Full Military Service 

Since the primary objective of the Selective Service System was to obtain 
needed military manpower for the armed forces, the objective of the Local 
Boards was to place the maximum number of registrants in Class I-A. To 



125 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



reach this point, each Local Board first had to eliminate each registrant from 
qualification for any deferred or limited class. 

A man in Class I-A was presumed to be physically fit for any of the 
rigors of military service. He was not entitled to deferment. He was not a 
conscientious objector against combatant military service. 

Examinations to determine the physical fitness of registrants were origi- 
nally done by the Examining Physicians of each Local Board. This pro- 
cedure was later changed so that physical examinations were done by the 
medical officers at the Armed Forces Induction Station. If the Induction 
Station officers found a registrant fit for full military duty, he was then avail- 
able for selection for induction according to his order number — unless he 
was a volunteer for induction, in which case he was placed ahead of all other 
order numbers in the Local Board's next induction call. (Full details on 
physical examinations will be found under "Class IV-F — Physical and Men- 
tal" in this same chapter.) 

If a registrant volunteered for induction, the classification consideration 
given to him was the same as that accorded any other registrant. If the 
Board decided that he should be deferred in the interest of the Government, 
or there was some other valid reason for deferment, his application for volun- 
tary induction was denied, and he was placed in the proper deferred class. 
During the seven years of Selective Service administration, thousands of 
Illinois registrants (farm boys and others) wanted to join the fighting forces 
of their country, but were turned down because, after full consideration, 
their Local Boards felt that they could render better service to their Nation 
in their civilian positions. While the patriotism of these volunteers was most 
laudable, the good judgment of the Local Boards in placing the public inter- 
est first is worthy of genuine commendation. 

Class l-A(L) — (Formerly LB) — Available for Limited 
Military Service 

The physical standards of the armed forces provided for the acceptance, 
for limited military duty (such as clerical and other positions which did not 
involve heavy physical activity or undue exposure), of registrants with minor 
physical defects. Such defects will be discussed generally in the section de- 
voted to the medical aspects of Selective Service. 

By correction of some of these minor physical defects (such as missing 
or carious teeth, need for eye glasses in minor vision defect cases, acne, etc.), 
many registrants were able to qualify for Class I-A and obtain immediate 
induction. Other limited service men obtained correction of their minor 
defects after they were inducted into the armed forces as limited service men. 

Class I'A'O and I-A-O(L) — Available for IS on-Combatant 
Military Service 

These two classes comprised registrants who had been found to be con- 
scientiously opposed to combatant military service. While objecting to 



126 



CLASSIFICATION— AVAILABLE FOR SERVICE 

being engaged in actual fighting as a part of the combat forces, these men 
were willing to serve in those sections of the armed forces which functioned 
outside the theater of operations, or which performed duties which were not 
directly associated with combat. Limited service men were subject to assign- 
ment in medical, finance, administrative and other non-combatant sections 
of the armed forces. 

In his Selective Service questionnaire, each registrant was given the op- 
portunity to state if he objected to non-combatant service or combatant 
service, or both. If he simply objected to non-combatant service, he sub- 
mitted to his Local Board any evidence he cared to submit to show that his 
objections were genuine and well-founded. It was then up to the Local 
Board — subject to appeal, of course — to determine his classification. 

Occasionally, a registrant would claim objection to any kind of military 
service, but because of certain evidence in his file, would be classified in 
Class I-A-O. Many others — both complete and partial objectors — would be 
denied the benefit of classification in either Class I-A-0 or Class IV-E be- 
cause of lack of sufficient substantial evidence to reveal a sound basis for 
classification as a conscientious objector. 

While most Local Boards were inwardly resentful of the unwillingness of 
conscientious objectors to shoulder their full share of responsibility for 
defending the country which gave them protection and opportunity, the 
Boards were nevertheless fair and open-minded in their consideration of all 
claims to conscientious objection. 

Classes I-B and l-B-O 

Registrants placed in Classes I-B and I-B-0 (the latter being conscientious 
objectors to combatant military duty) were not called for induction until 
several months after Pearl Harbor. These men were fit only for limited 
military service, and the need for them was not felt until after America had 
actually entered a state of war. In July of 1943, these classifications were 
changed to Class I-A(L) and I-A-0 (L). 

Class l-C 

When a Local Board received official information that one of its regis- 
trants had been inducted, enlisted or commissioned in the armed forces of 
the United States, such registrant was automatically classified in Class I-C. 
Such classification was mandatory upon receipt of the official notice. 

As explained under "The Various Classifications" earlier in this volume, 
Class I-C was sub-divided into I-C "Dec," I-C "Disc," I-C "Ind," and I-C 
"Enl." 

Classes I-D, I-DO, I-E and LEO 

Local Boards had little difficulty with this classification, for its require- 
ments were specific. It applied only to certain students in college or univer- 



127 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

sity whose induction was delayed until after July 1, 1941. The "D" designa- 
tion was for men found fit for general military duty, and the "E" applied to 
those qualified only for limited military duty. The "0" signified conscientious 
objection. 

Class I-G 

In determining whether or not a registrant was eligible for Class I-G, the 
Local Board was required to have substantial evidence to show that the 
registrant qualified for one of these divisions: 

a. On or after September 16, 1940, was a member of the armed forces 
of a co-belligerent nation (Established May 23, 1945) ; 

b. Had completed satisfactory service with the American Field Service 
(Established August 31, 1945) ; 

c. Had completed satisfactory service in the United States Merchant 
Marine, 32 months of such service being considered as "completed 
service." (Established November 15, 1945.) 

A few of the cases in Class I-G produced considerable difference of 
opinion among Local Board Members as well as higher officials. In general, 
however, the information provided in these cases was extensive enough for 
the Local Boards to determine classification without much difficulty. 

CLASS II— DEFERRED AS OCCUPATIONALLY NECESSARY 

Under Selective Service — a program made necessary by the state of world 
affairs — every physically fit registrant was, basically, deemed to be available 
for military service. However, realism required that the needs of industry 
and agriculture be recognized to the extent that registrants be "loaned" to 
industry or agriculture until such time as their necessity ceased, or until 
replacements for them could be found. 

Occupational deferment was not, in any sense, a permanent status. In 
fact, as the manpower and production needs of the armed forces became 
more critical, the standards for occupational deferment became correspond- 
ingly stricter. Necessary industrial and agricultural employees were "frozen" 
in their jobs (by order of the War Manpower Commission) and reclassifica- 
tion penalties were provided for any such necessary men who left their jobs 
without first obtaining determination from their respective Local Boards 
that their proposed changes in jobs would be in the Nation's interest. 

Since the Nation's headway in scientific production and medical advance- 
ment depended upon its people engaged in scientific and certain professional 
pursuits, and because there was constant need for replenishment of such 
personnel, the Selective Service regulations provided for the deferment of 
bona fide students in certain sciences and professions. Students who could 
qualify were placed in Class II-A. 



128 



CLASSIFICATION— INDUSTRIAL 



Liberal Policies in Early Years 

Because the early phase of Selective Service operation presented no es- 
pecially urgent demand for military manpower in volume, Local Boards were 
somewhat lenient in their attitude toward occupational deferment. However, 
with the Presidential proclamation of an unlimited national emergency (May 
27, 1941), the coming of actual war in the following December, and the 
subsequent and vastly increased demands of the armed forces for physically 
able men, the Boards became extremely critical in their consideration of all 
requests for occupational deferment. This attitude became particularly no- 
ticeable when the casualty lists began to appear in the press and the true 
impact of war manifested itself incisively in every community in the country. 

Another observation which might be made is the fact that employers in 
general, because of their patriotic attitudes, were reluctant to request occupa- 
tional deferments during 1940 and the greater part of 1941. The result was 
that skilled men of all ages were allowed to be inducted without deferment 
effort by their employers. However, as time went on and the numbers of men 
withdrawn from civilian life increased tremendously, these same employers — 
many of them engaged in vital war production — found it impossible to obtain 
satisfactory replacements for men of military ages whose Local Boards had 
(because of the increased pressure upon them to produce more manpower) 
adopted a rigid policy of refusing occupational deferments except to the most 
critically needed men. 

The first sign of necessary special protection to the industries engaged 
in war production came after the President's declaration of an unlimited 
national emergency when, on June 5, 1941, Class II-B was established as a 
special class to accent the importance of uninterrupted war production and 
make sure that necessary men in such activities would be properly deferred. 

Originally, Class II-A encompassed all registrants deferred on grounds of 
occupational necessity to industry, agriculture and private business. The 
June 5, 1941 amendment to the Selective Service regulations divided occupa- 
tional deferments into two groups: 

Class II-A — Man employed in an industry, the maintenance of which was 
necessary to the national health, safety, or interest in the sense that it 
was useful or productive and contributed to the employment or well- 
being of the community or Nation. Deferment was ordinarily limited 
to six months, but could be renewed where indicated. 

Class II-B — Man employed in an industry essential to the national health, 
safety, or interest in the sense that a serious interruption or delay in 
such activity was likely to impede the national defense program. At 
first, such deferment was not limited as to time, but the Local Board 
could reopen the case at any time, particularly on a change of status. 
However, the time limit on such deferments was later changed to six 
months. 



129 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

Class II-A was confined mainly to registrants working in industries not 
directly engaged in war production work, and included registrants whose 
self-operated businesses were deemed necessary to the health, safety or well- 
being of the community or Nation. 

Class II-B was restricted to registrants employed in war production plants 
and other activities which directly served such production. 

The effect of the splitting of the original Class II-A was to stress the 
importance of war production at a time when it became obvious that America 
would shortly be forced to enter as an active participant in the then raging 
European war. The effect was also a gentle but definite pressure upon per- 
sons engaged in ordinary civilian activities to transfer to war production. 

On November 13, 1942, the famous "Tydings Amendment" (of Public 
Law 772) went into effect, requiring the deferment of necessary agricultural 
workers — under certain specified conditions. Immediately after the passage 
of the Tydings Amendment, the regulations were amended to set up Class 
II-C which was to be composed entirely of agricultural registrants found 
necessary to and irreplaceable in their farm occupations. (The implications 
of, and problems under the Tydings Amendment will be thoroughly discussed 
under "Class II-C — Agricultural deferments.) 

The primary responsibility for deciding which men should be deferred 
because of their civilian occupations rested upon the Local Board. Until 
National Headquarters (on January 30, 1943) established the List of Essen- 
tial Activities, it was up to each Local Board to determine whether or not an 
activity was essential to the Nation's health, safety and interest. In making 
such decisions, the Local Boards were assisted greatly by occupational bulle- 
tins received from National and State Headquarters. 

Class II-A 

While Class II-A originally included all phases of occupational deferment, 
it continued to include a large number of the registrants deferred on occupa- 
tional rounds, even after the establishment of Classes II-B and II-C. If a 
registrant was not employed directly in war production work or in an agri- 
cultural endeavor, he could still qualify for occupational deferment if an 
affirmative answer could be given to all five of the following questions con- 
sidered by the Local Board: 

1. Is the activity in which he is engaged one that is essential to the 
national health, safety, or interest? 

2. Is the registrant's occupation necessary to the activity? 

3. Is the registrant, except for seasonal or temporary interruption, regu- 
larly engaged in such occupation? 

4. Can a satisfactory replacement be provided in the event he is made 
available for military service? 

5. Will his removal cause serious loss of effectiveness to the activity? 



130 



CLASSIFICATION— INDUSTRIAL 



The increased strict attitude of Local Boards — keeping step with the 
heightening intensity of the war effort — was reflected in the proportions of 
Class II-A deferments to the totals of the Illinois registrants deferred indus- 
trially at various periods. On September 30, 1941, the II-A men constituted 
approximately 77% of the total deferred industrially. Then came Pearl 
Harbor, and the proportion had dropped to 56%. By November 30, 1943, 
Illinois Local Boards had reduced the figure to 19%. 

The manifestation of greater strictness on the part of Local Boards on 
occupational deferments was undoubtedly due to new occupational classifica- 
tion policies expressed in National Headquarters' Local Board Release No. 
115, dated March 16, 1942. This instruction stated that the "national health, 
safety, or interest" no longer included mere comfort and convenience of the 
civilian population. Deferments were therefore limited to activities which 
supported the war effort (even though not directly engaged in the manufac- 
ture of arms, ammunition and other necessary war materiel) — activities 
which provided food, clothing, shelter, health and safety. In addition, a 
more specific interpretation was given to the "necessary man" in war produc- 
tion work. The List of Essential Activities was provided, and occupational 
bulletins were published which enumerated critical occupations within the 
essential activities. 

Until the issuance of the occupational bulletins, the Local Boards had to 
depend largely on advice from the Occupational Division of State Head- 
quarters, as well as from the local United States Employment Service offices. 
In order to acquaint themselves better with the actual conditions in large 
plants in their respective areas, many Local Boards visited these plants and 
made personal inspections of the jobs of their own registrants in those plants. 

LIST OF ESSENTIAL ACTIVITIES 

Production of Aircraft and Parts 

Production of Ships, Boats and Parts 

Production of Ordnance and Accessories 

Production of Ammunition 

Agriculture 

Food Processing 

Forestry, Logging and Lumbering 

Construction 

Coal Mining 

Metal Mining 

Nonmetallic Mining and Processing and Quarrying 

Smelting, Refining and Rolling of Metals 

Production of Metal Shapes and Forgings 

Finishing of Metal Products 

Production of Industrial and Agricultural Equipment 

Production of Machinery 



131 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 




CHICAGO HERALD-AMERICAN PHOTO 

COLONEL ARMSTRONG RECEIVES MEDAL FOR MERIT 

In recognition of his outstanding performance as Illinois State Director 

of Selective Service, Col. Paul G. Armstrong was awarded the Medal 

for Merit by the President of the United States. The award — the 

highest presented to civilians- was made at a testimonial dinner given on 

November 7, 1916 by over 1,200 friends of Colonel Armstrong. Maj. 

Gen. Lewis B. Hershey National Director of Selective Service, made 

the presentation on behalf of the President. 

(Continued on next page) 



132 



CLASSIFICATION— INDUSTRIAL 



Production of Chemicals and Allied Products 

Production of Rubber Products 

Production of Leather Products 

Production of Textiles 

Production of Apparel 

Production of Stone, Clay and Glass Products 

Production of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Petroleum and 

Coal Products 
Production of Finished Lumber Products 
Production of Transportation Equipment 
Transportation Services 

Production of Materials for Packing and Shipping Products 
Production of Communications Equipment 
Communication Services 
Heating, Power and Illuminating Services 
Repair and Hand Trade Services 

Health and Welfare Services, Facilities and Equipment 
Educational Services 
Governmental Services 

Class II-B 

As stated earlier, this class was established in order to accent the special 
importance of all activities and occupations directly connected with the pro- 
duction of ships, guns, tanks, airplanes, ammunition and other materiel and 
supplies needed by the armed forces in their prosecution of the war. The 
significance of Class II-B was demonstrated by the fact that its proportion 
of industrially deferred registrants jumped from 23% on September 30, 1941 
to 81% on November 30, 1943. 

On April 18, 1942, the War Manpower Commission was created by Presi- 
dential order. This Commission was given complete charge of mobilization 
of the manpower of the Nation, and the Selective Service System was trans- 
ferred on December 5, 1942 to the jurisdiction of the Commission. One year 
later Congress revoked this transfer. 

In cooperation with the United States Employment Service (also a part 
of the War Manpower Commission), an Occupational Questionnaire was 



(Continued from preceding page) 

Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Hammond was general chairman of the affair; the 
toastmaster was Edward A. Hayes, Past National Commander of The 
American Legion. Other special guests included: Gov. Dwight H. Green; 
United States Senator C. Wayland Brooks and Mrs. Brooks; Comdr. 
Chester J. Chastek, USNR; Col. Chester L. Fordney, USMCR; Rev. 
George Keepin, State Chaplain, Illinois Department of The American 
Legion; Mrs. Edward A. Hayes; Mrs. Paul G. Armstrong and the Arm- 
strong's two children, Don and Patricia. 



133 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

developed and sent to all registrants not already members of the armed forces. 
One copy of this questionnaire was placed in the registrant's file, and one 
copy went to the United States Employment Service to serve, along with the 
questionnaires of other registrants, as a survey of the industrial manpower 
of the country. It also aided the Employment Service to locate critically 
needed skilled labor whose skills were not then being effectively employed. 

The Occupational Questionnaire often furnished Local and Appeal Boards 
with specific information upon which classification was determined. In gen- 
eral, however, the Boards depended more on the Affidavit for Occupational 
Classification (filed by the registrant's employer), as well as other written 
evidence, as their basis for determination of classification. 

There were times when Local Board members did not know the exact 
nature of the specific activity in which a registrant was employed, and there 
was a natural tendency on the part of the Board to deny deferment without 
knowing just exactly why the registrant should be deferred. 

Local Boards often could not understand — and rightfully so — how a young 
man under twenty-six years of age could be considered so tremendously im- 
portant to the war effort and why Army officials, the State Director and others 
were so urgent in their requests for his deferment. Yet, in certain cases, it 
could properly be said that a particular registrant was probably of more 
value to his Nation in the prosecution of the war than a whole battalion of 
infantry would be. The most outstanding example of this kind of case could 
be found in the Manhattan Engineering Project — the project which developed 
and manufactured the atom bomb. 

Many of the men working on the atom bomb were young physicists, 
scientists whose professional knowledge was of immeasurable value to the 
Manhattan project. So that the State Director would understand the vital 
importance of the work being done in Manhattan project, he was taken on a 
tour of the Project's laboratory at the University of Chicago. While State 
Director Armstrong did not know, at the time, that the men employed at that 
laboratory were specifically engaged in the development of the atom bomb, 
the extreme secrecy surrounding his visit and the absolute prohibition against 
his discussing the visit convinced him that the project was unquestionably 
something that was most critically essential to American victory. Conse- 
quently, he could take no course but to use all possible power and influence 
in his efforts to assist in obtaining deferment for these young men who were 
so vitally necessary in their civilian occupations. At the same time, he was 
unable to reveal the specific reasons for his zeal in connection with these 
special cases. 

In spite of their full confidence in the personal integrity and the judg- 
ment of the State Director, a number of Local Boards refused to grant defer- 
ment to these young scientists in the Manhattan project. Most Local Board 
Members had sons or close relatives of their own in military service; some 



134 



CLASSIFICATION— INDUSTRIAL 

Members lost their sons in battle. Hence, it was understandable that they 
should balk at granting deferment to a physically fit young man without 
knowing, in detail, exactly why his occupation in civilian life made him so 
valuable to the war effort. Many of such cases of denied deferment were, 
through the appeal system, sent to the President for final determination. 

As the armed forces' demands for military manpower increased, and 
industry was losing a considerable number of its trained men, employers 
turned to a hitherto unexploited source of labor — women. Because of stark 
necessity, employers began hiring and training women to do work which, 
because of the skill and physical effort concerned, had been generally and 
strictly kept within the province of male labor. 

There was hardly an employer but who began his program of hiring 
womanpower with hesitation and apprehension. Yet, after the program had 
been in sway for six months or so, almost every such manufacturer was 
agreeably surprised to find that, generally speaking, the women not only 
matched their male predecessors in skill but actually exceeded many of them 
in precision work. Though demobilization of selectees has long since ended, 
many manufacturers have continued to employ women in mechanical and 
other jobs which, prior to 1942, they considered could be filled only by men. 

No State in the Union can boast more than Illinois about her women who, 
in their Nation's hour of crisis, summarily left their kitchens and clerical 
jobs to take tiring and tedious physical jobs in order that there should be no 
gap in the constant flow of critically needed war materiel and supplies to our 
fighting men on the far-flung battle fronts. 

Replacement Schedule Plan 

As the war progressed in 1942, it became increasingly difficult for em- 
ployers to obtain continued deferments for men who already had been given 
two or three deferments of six months each. As war tension rose, Local 
Boards became less and less inclined to extend deferments indefinitely, 
regardless of any particular registrant's value to the activity in which he was 
employed. The result was that war production employers encountered a diffi- 
cult situation in the loss of many key men. This situation was largely due to 
the employers' negligence to train replacements or to classify the skills of the 
men in their plants. The Illinois Selective Service System had constantly 
urged employers to take these actions. 

Demands for manpower for the armed forces increased, and the filling of 
these calls could be accomplished mainly by taking men who had been de- 
ferred in industry. In order to interrupt production as little as possible, the 
War Manpower Commission and the Selective Service System developed the 
"Replacement Schedule Plan" — a plan intended to provide for the orderly 
release of men from industry and give each employer time to train necessary 
replacements. 



135 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

After a successful trial in several plants in the East, the Replacement 
Schedule program was officially adopted and established on November 5, 
1942. Illinois, being one of the largest industrial States, put the Plan into 
effect immediately and was able to have it functioning effectively by the latter 
part of the next month. 

In the operation of the Replacement Schedule Plan, the employer first 
obtained the basic data with respect to each employe, covering his occupation 
and Selective Service status. This data was analyzed on the Replacement 
Summary and, as a result, the employer learned how many of his employes 
in each department were then liable for induction under current Selective 
Service policies. This Summary also provided the State Director (to whom 
it was submitted) with a complete picture of all the personnel in the em- 
ployer's plant, the potentiality of military manpower in the plant, and 
whether or not the employer's employment policies (the hiring of older men, 
women and men not physically acceptable for military service) were con- 
sistent with Selective Service policies. 

Each Schedule accepted by the State Director was given an Acceptance 
Number, and each employer whose Schedule was accepted was given the 
authority to use an Acceptance Stamp (bearing the State Director's Accept- 
ance Number) on the occupational deferment request for any man named on 
the Replacement Schedule. In spite of the State Director's "acceptance," the 
classification of any man listed in a Replacement Schedule had to be deter- 
mined by the registrant's Local Board of jurisdiction, such determination 
being subject to the usual appeal. 

A Replacement Schedule was effective for six months only, and was sub- 
ject to renewal after the expiration of that period of time. 

The Replacement Schedule Plan was used mainly by employers who were 
particularly vulnerable with reference to a large number of their men being 
of military age and being subject to induction into the armed forces. 

The processing of Replacement Schedules at Illinois State Headquarters 
took the entire time (which often included sixty to seventy hours a week, and 
more) of seven officers in the Occupational Division and approximately a 
third of the time of the State Director, himself. While the Replacement 
Schedule Plan worked out very satisfactorily in Illinois, the great amount of 
time required for its processing in State Headquarters prevented many of the 
officers from making their usual (and important) coordinating visits to the 
Local Boards and to the Industrial plants throughout the State. 

The Replacement Schedule Plan consisted of: 

1. Manning Table- — a complete survey of each plants complete labor 
requirements and future labor plans, including the hiring and trans- 
ferring of workers, training and upgrading, use of women, placement 
of handicapped persons, and general utilization of labor in the plant. 



136 



CLASSIFICATION— INDUSTRIAL 

(A Manning Table was prepared by a company under the supervision 
of the regional director of the War Manpower Commission and was 
used as a basis for, rather than a part of, the documents submitted by 
the company to the Selective Service System. 

2. Replacement Summary — a summary of the jobs of the personnel in a 
company's plant, including women, men over Selective Service age 
and men under such age, plus the family status of the persons holding 
the various jobs. Names of individuals were not shown on the Re- 
placement Summary. 

3. Replacement List — a list showing the names of male employes of 
Selective Service ages, including the particular job of each man, his 
birth year, Selective Service classification, family status, Local Board 
of jurisdiction, Selective Service Order Number, and the approximate 
date on which the company would be prepared to release the employe 
for military service. The date of release was to be checked for any one 
of the first six months following the date of the List, the period be- 
tween the sixth and twelfth months following such date, or a period 
following the twelfth month. 

In order to acquaint large industrial companies of Illinois with the pur- 
poses and details of the Replacement Schedule Plan, meetings were arranged 
with the Illinois Manufacturers' Association, the Chicago Association of 
Commerce and other large groups representing industry. At these meetings, 
the Plan was thoroughly discussed by State Director Armstrong and Col. 
Harris P. Ralston, Deputy State Director and Chief of the Occupational Divi- 
sion, and questions regarding the Plan were answered — to the end that all 
companies taking advantage of the Plan would be able to do so effectively. 
Some of these meetings had as many as 1,500 industrial executives in at- 
tendance. Colonel Armstrong promised every possible cooperation but, on 
the other hand, left no doubt in the minds of his hearers that the companies 
expecting to use the Plan would necessarily have to be honest in their calcula- 
tions as well as realistic as to the inevitability of their being required, sooner 
or later, to give up many of their key men to the armed forces. 

Operation of the Replacement Schedule Plan required that a company 
prepare its Replacement Summary and Replacement List (State Headquarters 
gave much counsel to individual companies in the preparation of their docu- 
ments) and submit the two documents in duplicate to the State Director for 
consideration. If, after thorough study by the Occupational Division, the 
State Director believed a company's Plan to be fair and reasonable, he 
"accepted" the Plan, placing his official stamp of acceptance on both copies, 
retaining one copy for his file and returning the other copy to the company. 
Many companies were required to revise their Summaries and Lists one or 
more times before receiving the State Director's acceptance. 

Illinois employers, at the outset, were slow to adopt the Replacement 



137 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

Schedule Plan, feeling that they preferred to deal direct with the Local Boards 
in each individual employe's case. However, as the employers observed the 
Plan's effectiveness in the cases of other companies, more and more came to 
accept it as the most practicable solution of their problem of retaining skilled 
personnel of Selective Service ages for a maximum period of time. 

At first, Local Boards in general felt that the Replacement Schedule was 
a usurpation of their classification prerogatives, but later reversed their atti- 
tude to a point where many of them almost insisted that a registrant be on a 
Replacement List in order to be deferred. Boards of Appeal, on the other 
hand, almost universally granted deferment to any registrant whose occupa- 
tional affidavit bore the authorized "State Director's acceptance stamp." 

Local Boards were "sold" on the Replacement Schedule Plan by State 
Headquarters through area conferences with Local Board Members, visits of 
Field Officers to individual Local Boards and by special memorandums. In 
addition, copies of instructions to employers were furnished to the Local 
Boards in order that the latter might be fully informed as to the administra- 
tive instructions given to the employers by State Headquarters. 

During the year 1943, a total of 3,196 original Replacement Schedules, 
1,425 first renewals and two second renewals were approved by the State 
Director — a total of 4,623 Schedules approved for the year. The number of 
Advisors on the Occupational Division staff was so limited during the summer 
and fall of 1943 that sixty and seventy hours a week were frequently required 
in order to keep abreast of the current load. During those crowded months, 
personal visits to plants were out of the question. In evaluating Replacement 
Schedules, Occupational Advisors, all of whom had been industrial executives 
in civilian life, depended on the official List of Critical Occupations, the 
assistance of Federal procurement agencies, the very efficient help of the 
Federal Apprentice Training Program, personal conferences at State Head- 
quarters with employers, and their own wealth of civilian experience. Obser- 
vation of any statistics on the war-time industrial production of Illinois, as 
well as note of the number of men this State furnished to the armed forces, 
provides the best criterion of the excellent job done by Local Boards and by 
the State Headquarters Occupational Division in the consideration of Replace- 
ment Schedule Plans. 

REPLACEMENT SCHEDULES PROCESSED IN ILLINOIS 

Original First Second Third 

Year Schedules Renewals Renewals Renewals Totals 

1942 2 ... ... ... 2 

1943 3,196 1,425 ... ... 4,623 

1944 423 902 668 83 2.076 



Totals 6,701 



138 



CLASSIFICATION— INDUSTRIAL 



The Replacement Schedule Program, having generally served its purpose, 
was abolished on March 12, 1945. 

Occupational Deferment Policy Changes 

A new occupational policy in regard to registrants 18 through 21 was 
made effective February 1, 1944. This policy excluded from classification in 
Class II-A or II-B any registrant age 18 through 21 unless the State Director 
had approved a Form 42 A (Special). Under the revised occupational policy 
of May 12, the restricted age group was changed from 18 through 21 to 
18 through 25. 

During the period February 1, 1944 (when the approval of the State 
Director on Form 42 A (Special) for such registrants was first required) 
through December 31, 1944, the State Director had approved 5,884 Forms 
42A (Special), of which 1,245 were cancelled. Those recommended for de- 
ferment were registrants engaged in industry, instructors in colleges, students 
and professional men. 

On February 26, 1944, the President stated that the armed forces were 
still short 200,000 trained men — because Selective Service had fallen behind 
in the armed forces' calls for manpower. He stated that, in his opinion, defer- 
ments of younger men had been too liberal, and that deferments in industry 
included over a million non-fathers, 380,000 of whom were under 26 years 
of age. The President further stated that the time had come for industry and 
agriculture to release the younger men who were physically qualified for 
military service, and that the gravity of the situation required the immediate 
review of all occupational deferments. 

The Director of Selective Service had, only a short time before, notified 
Local Boards that no registrant ages 18 through 31 years (whether father or 
non-father) should be granted occupational deferment except in exceptional 
cases where such deferment would be authorized by the State Director. Im- 
mediately on his receiving the President's memorandum of February 26, the 
National Director directed Local Boards to review all their cases of occupa- 
tionally deferred registrants ages 18 through 37 years, and to apply strict 
consideration to such registrants under 26 years of age. 

On April 7, 1944 — as the Local Boards were busily engaged in the review 
of occupational deferment in the age groups mentioned above, the Army and 
Navy decided that subsequent inductees must have the vigor and stamina 
that only youth could supply under combat conditions, and the National 
Director therefore directed the postponement of processing all men 26 years 
of age and over until such processing for men under 26 years had been sub- 
stantially accomplished. 

Decreasing losses by the armed forces and improved deliveries by Se- 
lective Service enabled the Army to reach its full strength of 7,700,000 men 
by April 5, 1944. Thus, while the need for induction of the younger men 



139 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

(as replacements) was still emphasized, registrants over 26 years were vir- 
tually assured of deferment if they were engaged in war production activities 
or activities essential to the national health, safety and interest. 

The instructions pertaining to occupational deferment were revised on 
May 12, 1944, and the prospect for registrants 18 through 25 was service in 
the armed forces unless they met specific conditions for occupational defer- 
ment; the prospect for registrants 26 through 29 who were found to be 
"necessary to and regularly engaged in" activities in war production or in 
support of the national health, safety, or interest was that they would remain 
in civilian life for the time being; and the prospect for registrants ages 30 
through 37 who were "regularly engaged in" activities in war production or 
in support of the national health, safety or interest was that they would 
remain in civilian life for an indefinite period, regardless of their physical 
condition. This change in policy necessitated a change in Replacement Sched- 
ules, and each Replacement Schedule was made to apply primarily to regis- 
trants ages 26 through 29. Those schedules in effect at the end of May were 
to remain in effect until their normal expiration date, but no new schedules 
were to be accepted from establishments not already operating under the 
plan. Existing schedules could be renewed for one additional six months 
period, which would carry them to the spring of 1945. 

The invasion of Europe began on June 6, 1944. That meant that large 
numbers of additional American troops would be engaged and that casualties 
would increase. The demands for guns, planes, jeeps, trucks, ammunition and 
all the material of war, including gasoline of all kinds, would increase at a 
progressively greater rate. The demand for food would increase corre- 
spondingly. Simultaneously, at the time, the tempo of the war in the widely 
scattered areas of the Pacific increased. 

Even though the Army, as previously stated, had reached its authorized 
strength, there was a substantial increase in the demand for manpower in the 
Navy and in the Merchant Marine. Thus, coupled with the continuing de- 
mand for military manpower, the demands for materiel, food and supplies 
for the armed forces were stepped up, and the problem of achieving a max- 
imum balance between the two major requirements was primarily a problem 
for the Local Boards. If they hysterically inducted their physically fit regis- 
trants, the war production in this country would suffer; if they were excep- 
tionally liberal in their deferments, the armed forces would be seriously 
hampered. To the credit of Illinois, Local Boards in this State met the chal- 
lenging problem squarely and managed to supply a reasonable quota of men 
to the armed forces, yet leaving enough men in war production to assure a 
continuing supply of material, food and supplies flowing to the battle fronts. 
There is no known instance where the action of an Illinois Local Board caused 
delay of material needed by the armed forces. 



140 



CLASSIFICATION— INDUSTRIAL 

The Certification Plan 

In the Fall of 1943, industrial employers throughout the country were 
encountering more and more difficulties in obtaining deferments for their 
skilled men. The need for aircraft workers in California had grown so urgent 
that it was found necessary to establish a certification plan, and put responsi- 
bility upon the Army, the Navy and other Federal Government procurement 
agencies to certify registrants who, in the opinions of the procurement officers 
of the prospective services and departments, were necessary in the aircraft 
plants on the West Coast. In December of 1943, the Certification Plan was 
extended to other specific plants where the need for skilled workers was 
exceptionally pressing and their retention vital. 

In the Certification Plan, the employer filled out a special form — the Form 
42 A (Special) — and submitted the completed form to the Army or Navy 
procurement officer assigned to the employer's plant. If the procurement 
officer deemed the registrant vitally necessary to the operation of the plant, 
the officer certified such necessity on the form, which was then forwarded to 
the State Director of the State in which the Local Board having Selective 
Service jurisdiction over the registrant was located. 

At the State Director's office, each certified Form 42 A (Special) was 
carefully considered in the Occupational Division and then submitted to the 
State Director, who either approved or disapproved the form. The form was 
then sent to the Local Board of jurisdiction, and was placed in the registrant's 
file as additional important evidence to be considered by the Local Board in 
determining classification. The receipt of a Form 42 A (Special) made it 
mandatory upon the Local Board to reopen the registrant's case and deter- 
mine classification anew — on the basis of the new evidence. 

Near the beginning of 1945, the armed forces indicated that their greatest 
immediate need was for physically fit men in the younger age groups capable 
of the highest degree of efficiency under combat conditions. The policy was 
therefore adopted to release large numbers of younger, physically fit men for 
military service, and at the same time provide sufficient numbers of men to 
engage in activities in war production or in support of the national health, 
safety, or interest who were in the older age groups. The supply of young 
men ages 18 through 25 was practically exhausted, and the supply of those 
between the ages of 26 and 29 was limited. 

A new certification plan was adopted on February 15, 1945, covering 
registrants ages 18 through 29 — DSS Form 42A (Special-Revised) — and a 
list of certifying agencies was furnished to Selective Service classifying 
agencies, together with a list of essential activities and critical occupations. 
In order to qualify for deferment a registrant 18 through 29 had to be "neces- 
sary to and regularly engaged in" and "indispensable and irreplaceable" in one 
of the activities indicated. A registrant 30 through 33, in order to qualify for 
deferment, must be "necessary to and regularly engaged in" an activity in war 



141 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

production or in an activity supporting the national health, safety, or interest, 
preference being given to fathers. A registrant age 34 through 37 was only re- 
quired to be "regularly engaged in" an activity in war production or in support 
of the national health, safety, or interest. Illinois was scraping the bottom of 
the barrel so far as younger men were concerned. This plan tightened up on 
deferments and made more men available for service. At the same time, it 
left in industry practically all men over 33. No difficulty was experienced 
with Local Boards in following through on this certification plan. 

A similar certification plan — through the use of DSS Form 42 A (Special- 
Merchant Marine) was operated for registrants serving in the Merchant 
Marine. 

Procurement and Assignment Service 

While it was realized that there existed a shortage of physicians and 
dentists to take care of the medical needs of the civilian population, as well 
as a shortage of graduate veterinarians, the need of the armed forces for men 
of these professions was so great that, in the early part of 1942, plans were 
made to evaluate the community necessity of every physician, dentist and 
veterinarian in the country, the armed forces to obtain any such professional 
man who could reasonably be spared from his community. 

The Procurement and Assignment Service was formed as a part of 
the War Manpower Commission. The function of the Procurement and 
Assignment Service was to make an exhaustive survey of all military-aged 
men in the professions named and be prepared to report impartially whenever 
the Selective Service System requested such a report on one of its registrants 
under consideration for classification. On January 28, 1942, the National 
Selective Service Director forthwith issued instructions requiring the Local 
Boards to obtain a recommendation from the Procurement and Assignment 
Service in the case of any physician, dentist or veterinarian before classifying 
any such registrant. 

The organization and operation of the Procurement and Assignment 
Service proved of great value to the Local Boards, as well as the Occupa- 
tional Division of State Headquarters. Invariably, the recommendations of 
the investigative agency were followed by the Local Boards, the gross result 
being the procurement of a considerable number of younger physicians, 
dentists and veterinarians for active service in the Army or the Navy. If 
any physician, dentist or veterinarian was found to be available for military 
service, the practice was to permit him to apply for and obtain a commission. 
In only one case in Illinois was it necessary to induct a full-fledged physician 
as an enlisted man, and then only because he failed to cooperate and take 
advantage of the commission privilege accorded him. 

Special thanks are due to the following men who, as representatives of the 
Procurement and Assignment Service, gave whole-hearted and effective co- 



142 



CLASSIFICATION— INDUSTRIAL 

operation to the Selective System in Illinois in connection with the classifi- 
cation consideration of registrants engaged professionally in their respective 
fields : 

Dr. Harold M. Camp, Monmouth, Illinois — Secretary of the Illinois 

Medical Society 
Dr. Robert J. Wells, Chicago — then Secretary of the Chicago Dental 

Society. 
Dr. Anthony Bott, East St. Louis, Illinois — President of the Illinois 
Veterinary Association 

Deferment of Pharmacists 

While the pharmacists bore a similar relationship to public need as did 
the physicians and dentists, the former were not included in the operations 
of the Procurement and Assignment Service. Thus, the deferment considera- 
tion of pharmacists presented quite a problem until State Headquarters made 
an arrangement with the Illinois Pharmaceutical Association which involved 
an Association survey of the entire pharmaceutical employment in Illinois 
and a complete report on each registrant claiming to be a pharmacist. This 
report included the registrant's professional qualification, the number of 
customers of the drugstore in which he was employed, the number of drug- 
stores in the area concerned, the amount of prescription drug business, the 
number of pharmacists necessary to carry on the business, etc. The report 
was furnished in duplicate, one copy being placed in the registrant's file at 
the Local Board office. 

This contribution of the Illinois Pharmaceutical Association provided 
the Local Boards concerned with substantial information and enabled these 
Boards to determine classification fairly and properly in all cases of regis- 
trants employed as pharmacists. 

Deferment of Federal Government and Other Public Employes 

On March 5, 1943, the President issued his Executive Order No. 9309, 
which restricted requests for deferment of Federal Government employes, 
and also established a specific procedure to be followed when such defer- 
ments requests were indicated. On April 8, 1943, in Public Law 23, the 
78th Congress confirmed the President's Executive Order, giving it a statutory 
status, and established committees in the legislative and judicial branches of 
the Federal Government to consider deferments in those branches. This law 
also required a monthly report to Congress of all deferments of Federal 
Government employes. 

Under the President's order, classification agencies within the Selective 
Service System were not permitted to give any consideration to the fact 
that a registrant was in the employ of the executive, legislative or judicial 
branch of the Federal Government unless a request, in conformity with the 
law, was presented by the major committee on deferments of the branch of 



143 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

the Federal Government in which the registrant was employed. Any such 
request which had the approval of the special committee bore the stamp, 
"Authorized Government Request." 

Little or no difficulty was encountered in connection with the classifica- 
tion of Federal Government employes except during the period when men 
of ages 30 through 37 years were liable for service. Several Local Boards 
insisted on deferring postmen and rural mail carriers in spite of the absence 
of an Authorized Government Request for such deferment. Since the people 
of the few communities concerned were generally in favor of such deferments, 
no unfavorable community reaction appeared. 

Because of the strict order of Governor Green pertaining to deferment 
requests on State of Illinois employes, none but critically needed employes 
in that category were granted deferment, and those few deferments were 
usually made for specific limited periods of time. 

Illinois municipalities in general followed the Governor's lead, and the 
only deferments requested were for a few firemen, police radio operators 
and other obviously necessary men. 

Merchant Marine Deferments 

Deferment of men in the Merchant Marine was always a serious problem 
in Illinois. The principal objection of Local Boards was that such men re- 
ceived considerably higher pay than the bulk of the men in the armed forces. 
Until the War Shipping Administration organized its Merchant Marine De- 
ferment Section (wherein no deferment was asked for except through the 
use of a certified DSS Form 42 A (Special-Merchant Marine) in the Cer- 
tification Plan), most of the Illinois Local Boards refused to grant defer- 
ment to merchant seamen. However, after the War Shipping Administration 
began its participation in the Certification Plan, Local Boards were more 
inclined to grant deferment. 

Merchant Marine deferments in Illinois reached their peak (approxi- 
mately 3,000) early in 1945. On October 31, 1946, there were only 1,257 
such deferments. 

Educational Deferments 

Education was bound to feel the impact of the war — in the loss of some 
teachers and many students. Yet, these men — when they could be spared — 
were under the same obligation as other citizens of America to defend vigor- 
ously the principles which afforded the very educational opportunities they 
had to give up temporarily. 

In the early part of the Selective Service program, Local Boards through- 
out the country were prone to give little deferment consideration to teachers. 
This attitude caused such serious inroads into American educational insti- 
tutions that it later (on July 15, 1942) became necessary for the Selective 
Service System to define "educational services" as one of the activities essential 



144 



CLASSIFICATION— INDUSTRIAL 

to the support of the war, and to designate certain occupations within the 
educational institutions as "critical." Thus, having a clearer idea of the 
importance of retaining school heads and others engaged in the teaching 
of the sciences and professions, Local Boards became more liberal in their 
consideration of registrants engaged in educational work. 

Policies pertaining to the deferment of students were first organized 
comprehensively in a bulletin on occupational classification which was issued 
by National Headquarters on March 16, 1942. This bulletin set up certain 
standards by which the Local Board might judge reasonably and intelligently 
as to whether or not a student in college was entitled to deferment. 

Deferment of students was to be limited to those men who had already 
completed two academic years of study in a recognized college or university, 
who were "in training and preparation" to acquire a qualification or skill 
which would fit them for a "critical occupation" in activities necessary to 
war production or essential to the support of the war effort, and who were 
pursuing such course satisfactorily. The same principles were applicable 
to students attending accredited trade or vocational schools. 

The Certification Plan included the consideration of certain college or 
university students for deferment, and the strictness with which Illinois 
Local Boards applied such consideration is revealed by the fact that, on 
August 1, 1944, there existed only 469 of such student deferments among all 
the State's registrants. 

Where theological and divinity schools were on the basis of a profes- 
sional school of a university, students in pre-theological schools were rec- 
ognized on the same basis as pre-medical schools. Any pre-theological student 
approaching the end of his sophomore year, who was definitely headed for 
specific training in the ministry or priesthood, was given occupational de- 
ferment in Class II-A. This deferment was usually renewed until the regis- 
trant entered the theological or divinity school. The students who were 
actually in attendance at recognized theological or divinity schools were 
classified in Class IV-D. The classification of II-A for students in pre- 
theological schools applied only so long as they remained in attendance at 
such schools and pursued their courses satisfactorily. 

Occupational Deferment Policies After V-E and V-J Days 

After the termination of the war in Germany, calls on Selective Service 
were reduced in July and succeeding months, and government procurement 
agencies began to readjust war production to fit the requirements of the 
war against Japan, which resulted in substantial production cut-backs. These 
new conditions tended to increase the supply of and decrease the demand 
for manpower. Occupational policies were re-stated in June, 1945 and were 
designed to re-emphasize the need for men ages 18 through 29 in the armed 
forces and to liberalize the requirements for occupational deferment of 
registrants 30 through 33 and 34 through 37, and made a change in cer- 



145 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

tifying agencies. Registrants 30 through 37 needed merely to be "regularly 
engaged in" an activity in war production or in support of the national 
health, safety, or interest. 

After the war with Japan ended, classification policies were again changed 
during the latter part of 1945. The term "national health, safety, or in- 
terest" was re-defined to include the production and services required to 
maintain the armed forces during occupation; research, development and 
manufacture of weapons and other items essential to the maintenance of 
an adequate national defense; transportation and other activities required 
for demobilization; activities and services required to expedite reconver- 
sion; and other activities which the Local Board considered essential on a 
national or local basis. The deferment of those 18 through 29 was con- 
fined to those "necessary to and regularly engaged in" an activity in sup- 
port of the national health, safety, or interest, as defined above, but Form 
42A (Special-Revised) was not required to be certified. Special considera- 
tion was given to students in certain professional schools, to registrants 
engaged in national defense projects, to key personnel in reconversion proj- 
ects, and to fathers. 

On January 1, 1946, occupational deferments (excluding agriculture) 
in Illinois totaled only 3,446, including 501 industrial and professional, 
2,508 Merchant Marine and 322 students. All others of the inductible age 
group who were physically qualified were made available. 

In May of 1946, the Selective Training and Service Act was extended 
until June 30, but inductions were suspended. Registrations, however, con- 
tinued. Public Law 473 of the 79th Congress extended the Act from June 
30, 1946, until March 31, 1947, but excluded the processing of 18-year-olds, 
except for registration. Occupational policies were amended the following 
month, restricting those eligible for consideration for occupational defer- 
ment to the age group 19 through 29. Later the policy was amended to 
provide for certification for occupational deferment of registrants of this 
age group engaged in the physical sciences and engineering; college teach- 
ers; certain registrants engaged in production and transportation; and cer- 
tain construction workers. 

On October 31, 1946, there were 3,797 registrants age 19 through 29 
(excluding agriculture) deferred in Illinois for occupational reasons, of 
which 882 were industrial and professional, 1,257 Merchant Marine, and 
307 students. 

CLASS II-C— AGRICULTURAL DEFERMENT 

Agricultural deferments were granted under the same authority and by 
the same regulations which governed the granting of industrial deferments. 
An agricultural enterprise, to be necessary to support of the war effort, 
had to produce and market more food and other products than could be 



146 



CLASSIFICATION— AGRICULTURAL 

consumed personally by the people living and working on the farm. The 
farm employer had to show that a farm registrant was a necessary man in 
the enterprise and could not be replaced without materially decreasing the 
yield of the farm. This "necessity" would be evidenced by the extent of 
his experience and training as a skilled farm hand or farm operator and 
by the results of his work, or by a lack of adequate farm labor supply in 
his immediate neighborhood. 

Basically, then, the five important considerations in agricultural defer- 
ment were: 

1. The importance of the products of the farm; 

2. The importance of the particular enterprise; 

3. The importance of the skill of the registrant; 

4. The registrant's share in the farm's production; 

5. The availability or shortage of farm labor in the area. 

Agricultural workers were permitted to change occupation from one 
farm to another when in the judgment of their respective Local Boards, such 
moves meant the likelihood of increased production. Where, however, such 
a move was made simply because the need for the worker's services on the 
first farm ceased, reclassification for induction was generally inevitable. 

The State Agricultural Situation Before Pearl Harbor 

Illinois stood in second place among the States in gross farm income. 
This position stemmed from a combination of fertile soils, ample rainfall, 
a favorable growing season, and experienced farmers well equipped with 
necessary buildings and mechanical equipment. The result was the produc- 
tion of a variety of major agricultural products rather than a highly devel- 
oped specialization, although a degree of specialization is found in certain 
areas of the State. 

Thus, in corn production, Illinois stood in second place; first in soy- 
beans; third in oats; sixth in hay; and tenth in wheat. The State was in 
fifth place in value of all livestock; second in numbers of hogs; fourth in 
number of chickens; fifth in volume of milk production; and seventh in 
number of cattle. 

Crop production was indicated by the relative distribution of acreages of 
various crops in the cultivated area. In 1942, corn occupied 41 percent; oats, 
19; soybeans, 18; hay, 14; wheat, 5; and other crops 3 percent. Because a 
large part of the feed crops are fed to livestock on Illinois farms, the cash farm 
income was divided approximately two-thirds from livestock and livestock 
products and one-third from sale of crops. Sales of hogs accounted for 27 per- 
cent of cash income in 1942; cattle and calves for 18 percent; dairy products, 
12 ; chickens and eggs, 7 ; and other livestock sources 2 percent. Corn brought 
in 15 percent; soybeans, 10; other feeds, 3; and food grains, truck, fruit 
and miscellaneous crops 6 percent. 



147 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

During the war period, agricultural production was materially increased 
in the State of Illinois, in the face of a constantly diminishing labor supply 
and a growing shortage of farm equipment. Illinois agriculture made a 
marked contribution to the war effort, both in the production of essential 
foods and other raw materials for war production and also in providing 
personnel for the Armed Forces. 

Thus — in view of the tremendous wartime agricultural production of 
the State — the necessity for deferring a large number of Illinois registrants 
for farm work was readily apparent. Nevertheless, in accomplishing this great 
agricultural production, Illinois' proportion of registrants deferred for farm 
work was considerably less than that of other agricultural States. 

Impact of War and of Industry on Farm Labor in the State 

The initiation of the National Defense Program many months before 
Pearl Harbor attracted substantial numbers of farm workers into war in- 
dustry because of the much higher wages as compared to those in farm 
work. With the declaration of war and the resultant expansion of war in- 
dustry, the withdrawal of agricultural workers from the farm increased 
greatly, especially in areas within a 50 to 60-mile radius of war plants. With 
the wide distribution of such plants in Illinois, about two-thirds of the area 
of the State was directly affected. 

These developments were but symptoms of the general withdrawal of 
agricultural workers which was taking place over the country during the 
year 1942, and especially during the fall months of that year. This situation 
in time created a widespread alarm that adequate food production could 
not be maintained. This matter came to the attention of Congress, which 
took action by adding the Tydings Amendment to the Selective Service Act. 

The Agricultural Questionnaire 

During the first months of the war, no official plans had been developed 
by which to measure agricultural needs as closely as possible according 
to a specific formula or system of rating agricultural work. Large numbers 
of farm operators and workers were being inducted, and the serious effects 
of heavy withdrawals of farm workers by the armed forces were quickly 
noted at the local level. The need for complete information regarding farm 
production and each farm registrant's necessity on the farm, as a basis 
for Selective Service classification, became apparent. 

The general Selective Service Questionnaire (DSS Form 40) and the 
Occupational Deferment Statement (DSS Form 42) contained several ques- 
tions in reference to agricultural necessity of a registrant. These forms, 
however, proved to be entirely inadequate for efficient classification of agri- 
cultural registrants. 

The first plan designed specifically for the classification of agricultural 



148 



CLASSIFICATION— AGRICULTURAL 

registrants was developed by and for the use of the Logan County Local 
Board. This was a plan under which Township Farmers' Defense Commit- 
tees were organized to assist in the evaluation of individual cases and to advise 
the Local Board on the needs of particular farms. The plan was developed 
in December of 1941 and approved by State Headquarters early in the 
next month. 

The Logan County plan included a special information questionnaire 
for each farm registrant and the farm on which he was employed, as well 
as statements of cooperation to be signed by both the farm employer and 
the registrant employed by him. 

On January 16, 1942, this plan was outlined to the other Illinois Local 
Boards in a State memorandum in which the Boards were encouraged to 
foster a similar organization in their own counties. Many of the Local 
Boards in the agricultural areas of the State did set up similar organizations 
which proved most helpful to the Boards in passing on requests for farm 
deferment. 

The success of these local efforts prompted the State Director to call 
a meeting of the agricultural leaders of Illinois in company with members 
of his staff who were handling farm deferment matters, the purpose being 
to develop plans and procedures which would help solve the serious farm 
labor problem then confronting Illinois as a whole. Those present at a 
meeting in State Headquarters on February 18, 1942 were: 

State Director Armstrong 

Howard Leonard, Director, Department of Agriculture, State of Illinois 

Harry M. Combrick, State Agricultural Conservation Office (AAA) 

E. A. Eckert, Master, Illinois Grange 

H. P. Rusk, Dean, College of Agriculture, University of Illinois 

A. H. R. Atwood, Superintendent, Farm Labor Placement 

Paul E. Johnston, Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, 

University of Illinois 
Earl C. Smith, President, Illinois Agricultural Association 
Edwin Bay, Farm Advisor, Sangamon County 

Col. Harris P. Ralston, Chief Occupational Advisor, State Headquarters 
Capt. Baird V. Helfrich, State Legal Advisor, State Headquarters 

As an outcome of this meeting, an Agricultural Questionnaire (State 
Form 401-A — later changed to "AQ44" and "AQ45") was developed for 
state-wide use to afford adequate information by which Local Boards could 
evaluate the need for farm registrants on their agricultural jobs. The form 
included specific information as to the size of the farm, crops and livestock 
raised, the production accomplished on the farm in 1941 and that contem- 

( Continued to page 154) 
149 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

FORM AQ-43 
Illinois Agricultural Questionnaire 



ILLINOIS STATE HEADQUARTERS 
SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM 



SPRINGFIELD, ILLINOIS 



me> 










~1 


Address 


(First) (Middle) 


(Last) 








(R. F. D. or Street) 










(Town or City) 


(State) 





Order No. 

r 



| Local Board Stamp | 



TO YOU AS AN ILLINOIS AGRICULTURAL REGISTRANT 

Pages 2, 3 and 4 of this Agricultural Questionnaire should be promptly completed, with full answers 
to all questions, legibly written in INK. Return the completed Questionnaire to your Local Board within 
one week from receipt. Employers will please cooperate in providing the information necessary for filling 
out this Questionnaire, which is to be submitted in addition to the Selective Service Questionnaire (DDS 
Form 40). Classification is based solely on the written evidence in each file, and no classification is permanent. 

Your Selective Service Board is charged with classifying you, as well as other registrants in their juris- 
diction, in an impartial and honest manner under the Selective Service Act and Regulations. Exact informa- 
tion in your case is necessary to be fair to yourself, as well as to other registrants, in this wartime requirement. 
Please cooperate at once, understanding that this information is confidential and will be treated as such 
by your Local Board and its advisers. 

No "blanket deferment" has been given to all farmers, and the present national and state farm policy is to 
carefully scrutinize and strictly review all agricultural deferments For 1945. every effort must be made 
to keep farm acreage under cultivation and to maintain livestock and crop production in needed lines. Each 
registrant who is deferred has a solemn obligation to make his maximum contribution to the war effort Defer- 
ments are to be made solely in the national interest and the case of each registrant must be reviewed on the 
basis of the amount and quality of his production and his replaceability, to determine if he is essential to 
agriculture. 

If you are dissatisfied with your classification, you should make written request to your Local Board 
for a personal appearance before the Local Board within 10 days after your Notice of Classification (Form 57) 
is mailed to you, or contact the Government Appeal Agent of your Local Board on the question of taking an 
appeal to the Appeal Board (separate, from the Local Board and without personal hearing) within said 10-day 
period. Time limitations on appeals are now strictly enforced. Act at once, if you desire a personal 
appearance before the Local Board or an appeal after classification. 

PAUL G. ARMSTRONG, 
State Director. 

P. S. Fill out this Questionnaire with the help of your employer, and both of you will please sign it. The 
assistance of your Registrants' Advisory Board or the Farm Adviser's Stall is available, without charge, in 
filling out this form. (Contact Local Hoard Clerk for names.) 

(OVER) 



150 



CLASSIFICATION— AGRICULTURAL 



On the preceding page, this page and the two following pages is shown 
the Illinois Agricultural Questionnaire (III. Form AQ). This form was 
originally designed early in 1942 by Illinois State Headquarters, but was 
later adopted by a number of other States. 



SUPPLEMENTAL AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION 

GIVE FULL ANSWERS, CLEARLY WRITTEN IN INK 



A. FARM OPERATION (farm where registrant will work 1945) : Is registrant the owner 

or employee __? 

1. Size of farm: Total acres ; acres owned— _; acres rented ; total acres in crops- 



compact unit, or scattered? 

direction from_ 



Location of farm: Township. 



; distance- 



Is land in one 
-miles, and 



If farm rented, name and address of landowner- 



If registrant works for more than one employer, explain- 



2. Fertility of soil, good? Medium? Fair? 

3. Show the number of machines and horses owned on this farm: 

Tractor Combine . 

Tractor cultivator Binder 

Corn picker Mower 

Corn sheller (large) Baler 

4. Production 



Motor trucks. 

Silage cutter 

Milking machine- 
Work horses- 



1944 

(Actual) 



1945 

(Anticipated) 



Hogs Sold (No.) 

Pigs Weaned (No.) 

Cattle Sold (No.) 

Sheep or Lambs Sold (No.) 

Chickens Sold (No.) 

Dairy Cows Milked (No.) 

Cream, Butterfat Sold (lbs.) 

Milk Sold (lbs.) 

Wool Sold (lbs.) 

Corn harvested (bu.) 

Corn raised (acres) 



Production 

Soybeans harvested (bu.) 
Soybeans raised (acres) 
Wheat raised (acres) 
Oats raised (acres) 
Barley raised (acres) 
Hay (acres) 
Hay tons) 
Fruit (kind) (bu.) 
Vegetables (acres) 
Honey (lbs.) 



1944 

(Actual) 



1945 
(Anticipated) 



FARM LABOR SITUATION (for farm 
1. Record below the names of all persons over 10 



on which registrant will work in 1945) : 
years of age who will live or work full or part time i 



the farm for 1945, and the informa- 



tion concerning each. 


















(Name full) 


Sex 


Age 


Years 
farm ex- 
perience 


Months 

will work 

1945 


Number 

depend 

ents 


Classi- 
fica- 
tion 


Operate 

and 
maintain 
tractor? 


Physical condition 
and any defects 





























































































































































3. Is registrant related to employer? 

working on this farm 

Acres ; Type 



If so, state relationship- 
Custom w 



rk registrant did in 1944: Type. 
: Type_ 



.Date registrant began 



4. How many year-round workers are needed on the farm in 1945 ? 
For what months? 



How many part-time workers will be needed?- 



5. Has the employer requested labor from the Farm Adviser or U.S.D.A. War Board' 

(2) 



151 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



1945 ACREAGE AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION 



C. ESSENTIAL FARM PRODUCTS (farm where registrant will work in 1945): 

DIRECTIONS: Column A to be filled in by employer (registrant if self-employed). 



No animals or acreage to 



be entered twice on this page. DO NOT WRITE IN COLUMN "C" 






MOTE: — The employer (or registrant) trill be asked to file a 
supplementary form toicard the end of the crop season to 
shoic production actually accomplished. 


Column A 

Number of 
animals 


Column B 

Conversion 
Factor 


Column C 
To be entered 
by Local Board 

(War Units) 


LIVESTOCK (now on farm— list each animal once only) 




i no 








.10 




(b) Beef Cattle 




20 








.10 








07 




(c) Hogs 




33 








.33 








.03 




(d) Chickens 




0017 








013 








0033 




(e) Sheep 




03 








00(S? 








02S 












FIBER AND OIL CROPS AND POTATOES (acres 1945) 


Acres 


67 








35 








.12 








.20 








so 












FIELD CROPS (acres 1945, list acres once only) 




07 








10 




(c) Corn, grain sorghums, broomcorn, rice, dry edible beans, green peas and 




.18 




(J) Corn for hybrid seed production (farmer furnishes all labor) and sweet corn 




33 








.00 








.50 








.20 




SMALL FRUITS AND BERRIES (acres) 

Blackberries, grapes, dewberries, raspberries, strawberries, currants, 

pnosebprrirs, quinres 




1 SO 




To he filled in bv Local Hoard only. W TOTAL WAR UNITS (Forwarded to Page 4) 





(3) 



152 



CLASSIFICATION— AGRICULTURAL 



TOTAL WAR UNITS (forwarded) 

VEGETABLES FOR FRESH CONSUMPTION AND 

PROCESSING (acres) 

Asparagus (from present plantings), beets, broccoli, brussel sprouts, 
cabbage, carrots, chard, cauliflower, collards, endive, escarole. green leafy 
lettuce, green pascal celery, green peas for fresh consumption only peppers, 
kale, lima beans mustard greens, onions, parsnips, rutabaga, snapbeans, 
spinach, tomatoes and turnips 



VEGETABLE PLANTS AND SEEDS 

OTHER FOOD AND SPECIAL CROPS 

(a) Nuts (from present plantings) (acres) 

(b) Sugar beets, sorghum, and sorgo syrup. 

(c) Honey bees (colonies) 

(d) Tobacco (acres) 



Other Crops not Listed 

Logging, cutting ties, posts pulpwood. firewood. e*c 



Column A 
ACRES 



TOTAL WAR UMTS ON THIS FARM 



Conversion 
Factor 



.1.00 
.1.50 

. .20 
. .50 

. 04 
_2. 00 



Column C 
To be entered 
6v Local Board 

I War Units) 



Custom work on other farms: 

Kind: 

Kind : 



Units for harvesting or processing canning crops. 
Units allocated to registrant from farm of 



Acres 

Acres. 



(lOOhrs.-l unit). 



(Separate Agric. Questionnaire required for additional tear units claimed. 



TOTAL WAR UNITS 



1. Changes in livestock production for 194v Increase (kind and amount). 
Decrease (kind and amount) 



In essential crop production, 1945. Increase (kind and amount). 
Decrease (kind and amount). 



2. REMARKS: 



WE HAVE READ THESE THREE PAGES AND THE STATEMENTS CONTAINED THEREIN ARE TRUE 



Date 



Signature of Registrant 



Address of Registrant 



Date 



Signature of Employer 



Address of Employer 



NOTE: — The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, Amended, provides that any person or persons knowingly making 
or being a party to the making of false statements or certificates shall, upon conviction, be punished by imprisonment 
for not more than five years or a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars, or both. 

(4) 



153 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

(Continued from page 149) 

plated for 1942, equipment available, the labor force required, and other 

pertinent information. 

The Illinois Agricultural Questionnaire was presented to all Illinois 
Local Boards by the State Director on February 26, 1942, and its immediate 
adoption by the Boards was urged. Needless to say, every Local Board in 
the State lost no time in putting the new Questionnaire to work in order to 
help them judge farm deferment claims more accurately and fairly. Subse- 
quent revisions were made in the Agricultural Questionnaire, and Supple- 
ments were issued at intervals as a check on accomplished and anticipated 
production. 

Illinois' farm form was the first "farm questionnaire" to be used by any 
State in connection with the consideration of classification of agricultural 
registrants, and a number of other States adopted the form for their own 
use. The use of the Illinois Agricultural Questionnaire brought about more 
uniform and equitable classification of farm registrants and helped to re- 
solve the farm labor deferment problem of the State. It unquestionably con- 
tributed largely to both the outstanding farm deferment record of Illinois 
Local Boards and, by its strict requirements, helped to achieve the tremendous 
agricultural production accomplished by this State during wartime. It is 
also felt that the use of the Illinois farm form may have had considerable 
influence in the development of the "agricultural war unit" plan which was 
developed and used on a national basis and which will be described in 
subsequent paragraphs. 

Since the Illinois Agricultural Questionnaire was purely of State develop- 
ment, there were no federal funds for the printing of the supply needed. 
Gov. Dwight H. Green arranged to provide the necessary funds for the 
printing of the required supply through the Department of Agriculture and 
the Department of Finance. A portion of the supply was multilithed at State 
Headquarters. 

U. S. Department of Agriculture War Boards 

In February of 1942, National Headquarters suggested the use, by Local 
Boards, of assistance from the War Boards of the United States Department 
of Agriculture. These Boards consisted of men with agricultural back- 
grounds and their function was to establish the communities' farm pro- 
duction possibilities, determine the general labor needs, and stimulate the 
maximum agricultural production in the interest of the war effort. The 
memorandum from the National Director of Selective Service stated that 
the War Boards could render valuable assistance to Selective Service Local 
Boards by providing general information regarding the importance of farm 
products and the farm labor situation, but were not to interest themselves 
in cases of individual registrants. The County War Boards thus supplanted 



154 



CLASSIFICATION— AGRICULTURAL 

the need for township committees such as was used under the Logan County 
Plan and made available extensive information. 

Beginning on March 5, 1943, a War Board was permitted to appeal 
cases of agricultural registrants provided the War Board had previously 
filed with the Local Board concerned a statement regarding the agricultural 
necessity of any such registrant. This right of appeal on the part of the 
War Boards was exercised in very few cases. 

The great majority of the Local Boards in Illinois freely sought the help 
of the United States Department of Agriculture War Boards and the various 
county agricultural advisers in obtaining information as to the necessity 
or non-necessity of registrants on the farms on which they were employed. 
Only in a few instances — where the War Boards and county agricultural 
advisers were obviously one-sided in their considerations — did Local Boards 
fail to request their cooperation. In general, the USDA War Boards and 
the county advisers worked harmoniously with the Local Boards and were 
most helpful in carrying out the spirit and letter of the Selective Service 
law as well as being an active force in maintaining maximum agricultural 
production in this State. 

The Tydings Amendment to Public Law 772 

In late fall of 1942, the Congress — disturbed by reports that farm labor 
was being depleted through induction into military service — passed the 
Tydings Amendment to Public Law 772. This amendment was widely hailed 
by farmers as practically a "blanket deferment" for agricultural registrants. 
A few Illinois Local Boards interpreted the amendment likewise until State 
Headquarters corrected the misunderstanding. (An odd situation was that 
several of the so-called "toughest farm boards" misinterpreted the law and 
felt that "farmers were being shown unfair favoritism" — a situation that 
was actually non-existent.) 

In reality, however, the Tydings Amendment granted no "exemption 
from induction" to farm registrants, and specifically made the Local Board 
responsible for determining whether or not a farm registrant was necessary 
to the farm on which he was employed. The decision by the Local Board 
in each classification case was, of course, subject to appeal. 

The Tydings Amendment to Public Law 772 (approved November 13, 
1942), read as follows: 

"Every registrant found by a selective service local board, subject to 
appeal in accordance with Section 10 (a) (2), to be necessary to and 
regularly engaged in an agricultural occupation or endeavor essential to 
the war effort, shall be deferred from training and service in the land 
and naval forces so long as he remains so engaged and until such time 
as a satisfactory replacement can be obtained: Provided, that should 
any such person leave such occupation or endeavor, except for induction 



155 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

into the land or naval forces under this act, his selective service local 
board, subject to appeal in accordance with section 10 (a) (2), shall re- 
classify such registrant in a class immediately available for military serv- 
ice, unless prior to leaving such occupation or endeavor, he requests such 
local board to determine, and such local board, subject to appeal in ac- 
cordance with section 10 (a) (2), determines, that it is in the best interest 
of the war effort for him to leave such occupation or endeavor for other 
work." 

A careful reading of the amendment reveals that it did not grant outright 
exemption to farm workers; in fact, it added nothing new to the policies 
already established by Selective Service and actively in force — except the 
mandatory provision for reclassification of any registrant who left the farm 
for other work without the permission of his Local Board. This latter pro- 
vision was welcomed by both Selective Service and the farm interests. 

The War Unit Plan 

On November 17, 1942, National Headquarters established a definite 
plan whereby Local Boards could use a set of specific standards by which 
to determine whether or not an individual farm registrant could qualify 
for deferment on the grounds of agricultural occupation. The War Unit 
Plan, as it was commonly known, set up a list of the various essential and 
non-essential farm products, and established a war unit value on the labor 
required to produce a certain amount of each of the various products. The 
normal goal of production — the desired amount for qualification for agri- 
cultural deferment — was determined, on a national basis, as sixteen "war 
units." Local Boards were told that they must not be too rigid, but must 
consider all conditions, particularly the possibility of future achievement 
of the sixteen unit goal. Under exceptional circumstances, allowances could 
be made in cases of less than sixteen units, but no consideration was felt 
warranted for a registrant with fewer than eight units. 

When the "war unit plan" was promulgated by National Headquarters, 
arrangements were made for a meeting in each county of Local Boards and 
County War Boards at which a war unit goal was selected, to be applied to 
prospective production for 1943. Most counties in Illinois adopted the 
national goal of 16 war units per worker for 1943. 

Late in 1943, recognizing that the manpower requirements would soon 
necessitate a stricter policy regarding deferments, a proposal was submitted 
to agricultural leaders for reviewing and revising still further upward the 
war unit objectives in the various counties. This was supported bv a sample 
study of actual war unit accomplishment on farms in fifteen counties widely 
distributed over the State. Upon the acceptance of this general plan by 
agricultural leaders, joint meetings of Selective Service Local Boards and 
County War Boards were requested during the month of January, 1944, to 
review the county was unit objective. As a result, in 97 of the 102 coun- 



156 



CLASSIFICATION— AGRICULTURAL 



ties of the State, for which reports were received, 13 counties showed a 
war unit objective of more than 20 units per man, these varying from 21 
to 25 units per worker; 44 counties adopted a war unit objective of 20 units 
per worker; 19 counties of 18 units: 16 counties of 16 units; and 5 other 
counties included local variations which were not readily classifiable. Al- 
most without exception, the counties which adopted the lower unit objectives 
were in the southern part of the State, or in other areas of rough topography 
where agricultural conditions were less favorable. 

When the Agricultural Questionnaire was revised for 1944, numerous 
questions were raised regarding the war unit credit for individual products. 
Because of the importance of corn and soybeans in Illinois and the relative 
position which this State holds in the national production of these crops, 
a proposal, which was supported by the agricultural leaders of the State, 
was submitted to National Headquarters to modify the per-acre credit for 
these two crops to bring them into a relationship consistent with the labor 
requirements in their production. This proposal provided for a reduction 
in the acre credit for corn from .20 to .18 and for an increase in that for 
soybeans from .08 to .12. In the absence of definite disapproval by National 
Headquarters, the change was made by administrative action at State level. 

When the mandatory War Unit Plan was officially withdrawn by National 
Headquarters on April 5, 1944, polls were taken separately of Illinois Local 
Boards and of County War Boards at a series of joint meetings then in 
progress, as to whether the Plan should be continued to provide substantial 
information as a basis of classification. Upon the affirmative response of 
both groups, the Plan was continued by the bulk of the Local Boards in this 
State. Its use was, of course, then discretionary with each Board. 

The operation of the War Unit Plan unquestionably played a great part 
in increasing farm production in Illinois. In thousands of cases where the 
number of units per individual farm laborer was short of the required stand- 
ard in the county, the farm employer immediately made arrangements to 
increase production to the point where it would equal if not exceed the unit 
requirements. 

Special Problems in Agriculture 

In the Spring of 1943, it appeared that there would be a serious national 
shortage of agricultural (including dairy ) products in America. The situation 
was such that men who were working in activities not essential to the war 
effort, but who had had previous farming experiences, were urged strongly 
to return to the farm. Many registrants responded to this urgent request — 
many of them knowing that failure to engage in an essential activity would 
bring certain reclassification. In addition, Class IV-F men and men over 
38 years of age, who had previous farm experience, were induced to return 
to agriculture in order that the threatened shortage of vital farm products 
would be averted. 



157 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



Fortunately, the Nation was able to reduce the probability of a serious 
shortage in farm products by using prisoner of war labor, also Mexicans 
and Jamaicans. Several thousands of these men were used in Illinois at 
the peak. In addition, conscientious objectors were frequently assigned to 
agricultural work, and further help was obtained from students in vacation 
periods and from many members of the military forces volunteering for 
farm work on short passes from their camps. 

In January, 1945, a directive from National Headquarters required pre- 
induction physical examinations for all II-C registrants under 26 years of 
age. In order to conform to schedules for examinations of other groups 
and the capacity of the examination station, the examination of this group 
was spread out through February, March and April. 

Actually, the reduction in number of agricultural registrants was small, 
but some 5,000 registrants were found to be qualified for military service or 
qualified for limited service only and hence were classified in II-C(F) or 
II-C(L). Regulations provided no definite basis by which such registrants 
could be reclassified if they left their agricultural occupation; yet only a 
small proportion left agricultural employment. 

The end of hostilities in Germany eased the pressure on all registrants 
under 30 years of age and indefinite deferment of II-C registrants 30 years 
and over and all II-C(F) and II-C(L) registrants was permitted. Following 
the end of hostilities with Japan, a change in Regulations left only regis- 
trants under 26 vulnerable (except for volunteers). Some agricultural regis- 
trants 26 and over left farm jobs for other work. 

In the Fall of 1945, a paradoxical situation developed in which, despite 
cutbacks in industry and the release of large numbers of men from the 
armed forces, the farm labor force was the smallest of the entire war period. 
Men released from industry refused to accept work on farms. Discharged 
veterans who formerly worked on farms were prone to seek other work. 
Yet, in spite of agriculture's acute shortage of labor, Illinois managed, by 
almost superhuman effort, to harvest tremendous crops of corn and soybeans. 

Attitude of Farmers and Local Boards on the 
Agricultural Deferment Problem 

Farm people, on the whole, were intensely patriotic, and took a realistic 
view of the agricultural deferment problem. While they understood the im- 
portance of food in the war picture and put forth maximum effort to pro- 
duce food, they nevertheless recognized their responsibility to furnish man- 
power to the armed forces whenever such manpower could reasonably be 
spared from the farm. 

Some farm people mistakenly felt that the Tydings Amendment provided 
an outright exemption for all farm workers, failing to understand that under 
the law, the determination of whether or not an agricultural worker was 
actually necessary on the farm was left to each Local Board concerned. A 



158 



CLASSIFICATION— AGRICULTURAL 

small number of registrants attempted to use employment in agriculture as 
a means of avoiding military service. 

The addition of working farmers (popularly called "dirt farmers") to 
all Illinois Local Boards in farm areas helped maintain a fair balance in 
the determinations of the Boards. A few Local Boards gave undue weight 
to the provisions of the Tydings Amendment and deferred farm registrants 
with great liberality. Conversely, some other Boards interpreted the law 
strictly with the result that farm labor in some sections was reduced too 
drastically, leaving practically no farm registrants under 29 years of age in 
those sections. 

The large majority of the Local Boards in agricultural areas did a splen- 
did job of evaluating farm registrants. The kind of action taken in each case 
probably represented the attitude of the Local Boards inasmuch as the inter- 
pretation of the Tydings Amendment was largely a matter of final determina- 
tion by the Local Board. 

The very character of the farm problem complicated the situation. The 
farms of Illinois are productive; they are highly mechanized; they are of 
the family type, each employing a very small number of workers, yet requir- 
ing a high degree of ability and manual skill in a wide variety of jobs. Under 
such conditions, high production requires skilled workers and replacement 
in a brief period is difficult. These conditions were generally well understood 
by Local Boards and by farm people, and doubtless were basic to the atti- 
tudes developed toward agricultural deferment. 

Final justification of the policies employed is found in the records of 
the exceptionally high production of farm products with a limited labor 
force and at the same time supplying from the farms of the State very sub- 
stantial numbers of men for the Armed Forces and for war industry. 

Farm Labor Released to Industry 

By the nature of most agricultural enterprises, work on the farm is rela- 
tively slack during the winter months. In the interest of making the greatest 
use of available man labor in the war effort, plans were worked out and 
quite generally used by Local Boards under which agricultural registrants 
were given temporary releases by the Local Board to engage in other agri- 
cultural work or in essential work of a non-agricultural character during the 
winter months, the registrant being required to return to the farm with the 
opening of spring work. Large numbers of farm registrants were released in 
this way during the winters of 1942-43 and 1943-44, but this plan reached 
its greatest development in the winter of 1944-45 in the Vermilion County 
plan of temporarily releasing farm workers to industry. 

The plan which came to be known as the Vermilion County Plan was 
developed by Local Board No. 1 of Vermilion County, located at Hoopeston. 
The Local Board, Farm Adviser, and representatives of the U. S. Employment 
Service cooperated in a meeting on December 13, 1944, to which were invited 



159 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



II-C registrants of the Local Board and their employers. The need for tem- 
porary workers in local industries was presented and registrants who could 
be spared temporarily from farms were urged to accept such employment for 
the winter months, the workers to return to the farms in time for spring 
work. Arrangements were provided at the meeting for clearance with the 
Local Board and the Farm Adviser and assignment to specific war jobs. 

This meeting proved so successful that Colonel Paul G. Armstrong, State 
Director of Selective Service, Charles P. Casey, the State Director of the 
War Manpower Commission, and Paul E. Johnston, State Director of Emer- 
gency Farm Labor, cooperated by giving the plan publicity and encouraging 
their respective county representatives to jointly sponsor similar meetings. 
The plan met with the largest response in areas of grain production or of 
general farming where farm work has the greatest seasonal labor require- 
ments and least in dairy and livestock areas where farm labor requirements 
remain high during the winter. 

Many temporary slack season releases had been granted to II-C registrants 
by Local Boards prior to the inauguration of the Vermilion County Plan, and 
continued to be granted by Local Boards which did not actively participate 
in this Plan. Moreover, during the winters of 1942-43 and 1943-44, and also 
during shorter slack seasons between summer and fall harvesting, very sub- 
stantial numbers of agricultural registrants had been released each year by 
Local Boards for a like purpose although no organized campaign was carried 
on. Thus, throughout the war period, many agricultural registrants, with the 
consent of their Local Boards, made a very substantial additional contribu- 
tion to essential war production without curtailing farm production for which 
they were deferred. 

State Headquarters' Part 

State Headquarters of Selective Service in Illinois, since its organization, 
had followed a consistent policy regarding agricultural registrants. This 
policy protected essential agricultural production but did not protect agri- 
cultural registrants as a specific group. The Illinois policy encouraged the 
cooperation of agricultural leaders of the State, and conferences were held 
from time to time with these leaders for the discussion and formulation of 
policies. Because of this mutual understanding, a marked degree of coopera- 
tion was developed both at state and county levels which was of immeasureable 
value to Selective Service. 

In the beginning, the supervision of agricultural deferments was not or- 
ganized separately at State Headquarters, but was included as part of the 
Occupational division; this work was under the direction of Colonel Harris 
P. Ralston, Advisor on Occupational Deferments. 

Later, because of the increasing burden of work on the Occupational 
Division, (as a result of the setting up of the Replacement Schedule), the 
supervision of agricultural registrants was transferred to the Legal Division 



160 



CLASSIFICATION— AGRICULTURAL 

of State Headquarters, under Major Baird V. Helfrich. With the growing 
complexity of the agricultural problem, State Director Armstrong requested 
the Dean of the College of Agriculture, University of Illinois, to loan a staff 
member on a part-time basis to assist with these problems. Paul E. Johnston, 
Professor of Agricultural Economics, was made available as Agricultural 
Advisor to the State Director on March 2, 1943. Nine district meetings, 
attended by Selective Service Local Boards, Appeal Boards, and County War 
Boards of each district, were held over the State during March, 1943, at 
which the State Director, the Legal Advisor, and the Agricultural Advisor 
discussed current Selective Service problems. 

The State Emergency Farm Labor program was developed shortly there- 
after, and Professor Johnston was named as State Supervisor. The active 
work of Agricultural Advisor was then taken over by Robert C. Ross, Profes- 
sor of Farm Management, University of Illinois, Professor Johnston continu- 
ing to maintain a liaison relationship between the Farm Labor organization 
and State Headquarters of Selective Service. Both Professor Johnston and 
Professor Ross had served for many years on the staff of the College of 
Agriculture and were well-known throughout the State. Both were overseas 
veterans of World War I. 

On October 19, 1944, following the transfer overseas of Major Helfrich, 
agricultural deferment supervision was set up as a separate division of State 
Headquarters, with Robert C. Ross as Chief. After beginning in the spring 
of 1943, the work of the Agricultural Advisor developed in a number of 
directions, which may be briefly summarized as follows: 

1. To assist in the shaping, interpretation and application of Selective 
Service policies to agricultural registrants. This included the prepara- 
tion of State Memoranda for the information and direction of Selec- 
tive Service Local Boards and Boards of Appeal. 

2. To maintain liaison relationships between State Headquarters of 
Selective Service and the various agricultural organizations and 
groups in the State in order to keep both types of agencies fully in- 
formed on matters of mutual interest. 

3. To be alert for trouble spots and, so far as possible, to correct the 
difficulties and to smooth out the trouble spots before they become 
acute. 

4. To investigate complaints made by agricultural registrants, their em- 
ployers, County War Boards, Government Appeal Agents, Local Boards, 
Congressmen, and others. 

5. To handle correspondence, telephone calls and personal interviews at 
State Headquarters relative to agricultural problems. 

6. To make investigations and to submit suggestions for action of offi- 
cials of State Headquarters on applications of soldiers for release 
from military service for agricultural purposes. 



161 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



With the appointment of an Agricultural Advisor, serving actively within 
State Headquarters, facilities were established for a very close liaison rela- 
tionship with all agricultural agencies of the State. At the state level, the 
agencies contacted from time to time were the College of Agriculture and 
Agricultural Extension Service, including the State Farm Labor office; the 
State Department of Agriculture; the State U.S.D.A. War Boards; the 
Illinois Agricultural Association; and the Illinois State Grange. 

Frequent conferences were held with representatives of these various 
organizations and particularly at times when changes of policy were imminent, 
these changes were thoroughly discussed before action was taken in order 
that they might have full consideration by the agricultural interests. 

During the latter part of March and the early part of April, 1944, a 
series of eleven regional meetings was held in Illinois, at which the State 
Director and the Agricultural Advisor discussed agricultural policy. These 
meetings included all Selective Service Local Boards in the State, outside 
Chicago, as well as Appeal Boards and Appeal Agents, and all County War 
Boards of the State. 

The Agricultural Advisor at State Headquarters, Robert C. Ross, having 
been a member of the Agricultural College staff for twenty-two years— during 
which time he had participated in many Extension activities sponsored by 
the College — was not only well acquainted with the problems of agriculture 
within the State but also had a wide personal acquaintanceship among and 
knowledge of the many County Farm Advisors. This acquaintanceship pro- 
vided a splendid basis for direct cooperation with the Farm Advisors and, 
through them, with the County War Boards. 

The Agricultural Advisor appeared before the group of Farm Advisors 
in their semi-annual conferences and discussed Selective Service problems 
as they related to agricultural registrants and answered questions raised by 
the group. These contacts helped greatly in the clearing of specific problems 
and in the establishment of a broad basis of understanding with regard to 
the functions and spheres of action of Selective Service agencies and of the 
County War Boards and Extension agencies. 

Even with these close relationships, it was inevitable that some misunder- 
standings would arise locally between Selective Service Local Boards and 
County War Boards, and some interpretations of agricultural memoranda by 
Local Boards were made which appeared to be contrary to the existing State 
policy. Under such circumstances, conferences were arranged jointly with 
Selective Service Local Boards and County War Boards, or with Selective 
Service Local Boards alone, as the nature of each case indicated. The Agri- 
cultural Advisor, in company with administrative officers or field officers of 
the State Headquarters staff went to these informal conferences wherein the 
problems in question were fully discussed and suitable policies worked out to 
the satisfaction of all concerned. 



162 



CLASSIFICATION— AGRICULTURAL 

During the first few months following the appointment of the Agricultural 
Advisor, much educational effort was necessary to make clear to all groups 
concerned that his function was not the protection of individual registrants, 
but rather to make sure that essential agricultural production could be main- 
tained in the national interest and to promote the doctrine that a farm regis- 
trant had no claim for deferment unless he was actually necessary to such 
agricultural production and that no replacement for him was available. In 
time, this point of view was generally accepted by both agricultural agencies 
and Selective Service Local Boards. The agricultural agencies came to recog- 
nize that it was to their interest to render assistance in individual cases that 
were really meritorious and to take the position that registrants who were 
not actually needed on the farm should be released for service in the armed 
forces of the Nation. 

Reclassification of Agricultural Registrants 

The reclassification of farm registrants placed in Class II-A into Classes 
II-C and III-C began in November of 1942, but some time elapsed before the 
Local Boards were able to complete their reviews of such cases and accom- 
plish the reclassifications into the specific agricultural classifications of II-C 
and III-C. 

During the first half of 1943, this group included all agricultural regis- 
trants 18 through 44 years of age. The changes during this period indicated 
that Local Boards, in spite of a volume of other work, maintained a steady 
reclassification schedule. On January 31, 1943, II-C and III-C registrants in 
Illinois totalled 15,510; on March 31, the figure rose to 34,683; by June 30, 
the number was 85,566. The statistical table below shows, by intervals, the 
numbers of Illinois registrants holding agricultural deferments during the 
period of February 1, 1943 to August 1, 1945. The number of deferred agri- 
cultural registrants held rather consistently until the early months of 1945, 
when II-C registrants under 26 years of age were given preinduction physical 
examinations which resulted in a shift from II-C classifications to II-C(F) or 
II-C(L). 

The make-up of the agricultural classifications during this period was by 
no means static. Eighteen-year-old registrants, if deferred, were added to the 
group and increases also took place by means of transfer from other occupa- 
tions and particularly in the spring of 1943, at which time encouragement 
was given to registrants with agricultural experience to return to the farms 
in the interest of maintaining necessary food production. Simultaneously, 
the numbers of agricultural registrants were also being decreased as a result 
of reclassifications by local board action; by registrants reaching the age of 
38; and by some shift of agricultural registrants who were released from 
their farm occupations with Local Board approval. 

While the numbers of men holding agricultural deferment declined at a 
fairly uniform rate from February 1, 1944, until August 1, 1945, the with- 



163 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



drawals were not sufficiently drastic to impair the necessary food production 
of the State. The heaviest withdrawals were, of course, in the group under 
26 years of age, although in some counties, considerable numbers were with- 
drawn in the 26-29 year age group. Geographically, the heaviest withdrawals 
of agricultural registrants were in the southern third of the State, where 
agricultural production is more limited and registrants could be withdrawn 
with less effect upon the total food production. 



ILLINOIS AGRICULTURAL REGISTRANTS ON DATE INDICATED 



Feb. 1 Apr. 1 

II-C (Ages 18-44) 12,736 23,712 

III-C (Ages 18-44) 2,774 10,976 

II-C (Ages 18-37) 

III-C (Ages 18-37) 

Total II-C and III-C 15,510 34,688 



1943 - 
Julyl 
36,390 
49,176 



Sept. 15 



34,403 
36,528 



Dec.l 



34,518 
37,940 



85,566 70,931 72,458 



1944 



1945 



II-C (Ages 18-37) . . 
III-C (Ages 18-37) . 

II-C (Age 18) 

II-C (Ages 19-25) . . 
II-C (Total 18-25). 
II-C(F) and II-C(L) 
II-C (Ages 26-29) . . 
II-C (Ages 30-33) . . 
II-C (Ages 34-37) . . 
II-C (Total 30-37) . . 

Total II-C and III-C. 
incl. (F) and (L) 



Feb. 1 May 1 
33,834 38,372 
40,624 34,910 



38 



Aug 



1 Nov.l Feb.l Mayl Aug. 1 



1,869 2,060 

14,366 14,294 

24,439 22,735 21,098 16.235 16,354 

953 1,532 1.996 6.884 7.746 

13,781 13,441 12,930 12.132 11,501 

16,437 16.266 

16,899 16.896 

34,508 34,249 33,369 33,336 33.162 



..74,458 73,320 73,681 71,957 69,393 68,587 68,763 



ILLINOIS AGRICULTURAL REGISTRANTS INDUCTED INTO ARMY 
NOVEMBER, 1940 TO JUNE, 1945 

Inducted Percent of 

All Inductions 

November, 1940 to November, 1942 17,048 7.1 

December, 1942 to December, 1941 11,436 l.o 

January, 1945 to June, 1945 2.' H - 1 11.3 

TOTAL 31,448 6.1 



164 



CLASSIFICATION— DEPENDENCY 



CLASS III— DEPENDENCY DEFERMENTS 

The regulations originally provided that registrants upon whom one or 
more depended for support in a reasonable manner should be placed in 
Class III. While there were varying standards and interpretations as to the 
specific definition of the word, "dependent," earlier in the Selective Service 
program, this uncertainty became well resolved by the latter part of 1942. 

The regulations restricted the persons who could properly be considered 
dependent on a registrant to: 

1. A wife, including a divorced wife; 

2. A child, (Definition of "child" included any of the following: 

a. Son or daughter of the registrant; 

b. An adopted child; 

c. A child born out of wedlock, provided that the registrant acknowl- 
edged himself as the father, or provided the registrant had been, 
by court order, adjudged the father; 

d. A child conceived but yet unborn.) 

3. A parent*, grandparent, brother, sister, grandchild, any person under 
18 years of age whose support the registrant assumed in good faith or 
a physically or mentally handicapped person of any age whose sup- 
port the registrant assumed in good faith. 

Dependents had to be citizens of the United States, its Territories or pos- 
sessions. 

Prior to Pearl Harbor, the deferments on grounds of dependency were 
generally liberal and were thus warranted by the peacetime situation in which 
such deferments were granted. As the Nation became involved in actual war, 
however, the dependency deferment policies of all Selective Service agencies 
became more and more stringent. 

The Selective Service law originally and specifically limited dependency 
deferments by the following words: 

"SECTION 15. When used in this act ****** (c) the term "dependency" 
when used with respect to a person registered under the provisions of 
this act, includes an individual (1) who is dependent, in fact, on such 
person for support in a reasonable manner, and (2) whose support in 
such manner depends on income earned by such person in a business, 
occupation or employment." 

Thus, at the outset, stress was laid mainly upon financial dependency. 
However, policies developed later in the program that required giving con- 
sideration to dependency of a physical nature; such as an invalid mother 
depending on a son to give her physical care, and other cases of similar 



* The term "parent" included a foster parent or any person whose relationship was 
similar to that of an actual parent and whose support the registrant assumed in good faith. 



165 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

nature. Temporary periods of unemployment did not alter a registrant's 
eligibility for dependency deferment. 

The regulations emphasized that the maintenance of the family, as a unit, 
was of importance to the Nation's well-being; that each case had to be 
weighed carefully and decided on its own merits, and that no hard and fast 
rules were to be applied. 

Illinois Local Boards were diligent in the endeavor to prevent registrants 
from evading military service through intentionally or unintentionally mak- 
ing false dependency claims, but were equally diligent in granting deferments 
where the facts warranted. It was humanly impossible to attain general 
uniformity of decision, in basically similar cases, among the many Local 
Boards. Some Boards were inclined to be lenient; others strict. Nevertheless, 
the process of appeal — in the interest of either the registrant or the Govern- 
ment — usually maintained a stable level as far as the overall picture was 
concerned. 

Prior to Pearl Harbor, the manpower calls were limited in volume, and 
Local Boards were generally able to fill their calls with volunteers and other 
registrants without dependents. 

On January 1, 1942, the regulations were amended to provide that no 
registrant should be deferred on grounds of dependency if (1) he acquired 
the dependency status on or after September 16, 1940 (the date on which the 
Selective Service Act became law) and before December 8, 1941 unless he 
was able to present information which convinced the Local Board, or any 
appeal agency, that such status was not voluntarily acquired when his selec- 
tion for induction was imminent or for the primary purpose of providing him 
with a basis for dependency deferment; or (2) if he acquired such status on 
or after December 8, 1941 unless he could prove that such status was acquired 
under circumstances beyond his control. This regulation was the first to set 
any actual dates to be used by a Local Board in considering whether or not 
a dependency status was acquired for the purpose of evading military service, 
even though the specific term "evading military service" did not appear in 
the regulations. The regulation also placed upon the registrant the responsi- 
bility of furnishing satisfactory proof of non-evasion of service in acquiring 
a dependency status. Before this regulation was adopted, a registrant had 
only to show that his dependency was acquired "in the normal course of 
human affairs and not for the primary purpose of providing himself with a 
basis for Class III deferment." 

The interpretation of the term "when selection was imminent" was a 
serious problem until after several rulings on Presidential appeals had been 
received and passed on to Illinois Local Boards. Invariably, the problem 
revolved around a registrant being married after September 16, 1940; in 
some cases where Local Boards were pursing a strict policy, marriage even 
as far back as May 27, 1940 (the date of the President's proclamation of an 



166 



CLASSIFICATION— DEPENDENCY 

unlimited national emergency), was a factor in determining whether or not a 
registrant would be deferred on the grounds of dependency. 

The major factor in considering the application of "imminence of selec- 
tion" to a case was whether or not, at the time a registrant acquired a de- 
pendency status, the registrant's call for military service was not far off. The 
fact that a registrant, himself, did not know of his imminence of selection 
was no basis for deferment. 

By April of 1942, it was evident that there would soon be a pressing need 
for more men in both the armed forces and in the war industries, and that 
a change in policy was required. A new degree of dependency deferment status 
was therefore set up by establishing Class II-B on April 21, 1942. This new 
class included men who had dependents and who were also employed in war 
production industry. 

New Laws Affected Dependency Consideration 

In order to obtain additional manpower for the armed forces through 
legislative procedure calculated to lessen the dependency problems of regis- 
trants, the 78th Congress passed two laws: 

1. The Pay Readjustment Act of 1942 (approved on June 16, 1942) 
which increased the pay of enlisted men and made minor adjustments 
in the pay and allowances of officers. The principal effect of the law 
was to establish the base pay of privates and apprentice seamen at 
$50 a month and effect proportionate increase in pay for the other 
grades. These pay increases made possible a larger financial con- 
tribution to dependents in the event of induction. 

2. The Servicemen's Dependents Allowance Act of 1942 (approved on 
June 23, 1942) which provided a monthly family allowance to certain 
dependents of any enlisted man, (including selectees) except those of 
the upper three grades (master, technical, and staff sergeants and 
first, second, and third class petty officers). The dependents of the 
enlisted men were placed in two classes: 

Class A — Wife (including a divorced wife) or child of the enlisted 
man; 

Class B — Parents, grandchildren, brothers or sisters dependent on the 
enlisted man for a substantial portion of their income. 

Either the enlisted man or the dependent could file a written application 
for the allowance. The law provided that the enlisted man was to contribute 
$22 a month out of his pay (only where Class A dependents were involved) 
and, while there were some variations and limitations under certain circum- 
stances, the Government was to contribute monthly sums as follows: 

TO CLASS A DEPENDENTS: 

$28 if the enlisted man had a wife but no child. 



167 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

if the enlisted man had a wife and one child, and an additional $10 
a month for each additional child. 

if the enlisted man had no wife but one child, and an additional $10 
a month for each additional child. 
$20 in addition to the amounts, if any, payable under the three items 
above, if the enlisted man had a former wife, divorced. 

TO CLASS B DEPENDENTS: 

$15 if the enlisted man had only one parent as a dependent. 

$25 if the enlisted man had two dependent parents. 

$ 5 for each grandchild, brother or sister of enlisted man who could 
qualify as a Class B dependent, but not more than $50 in the aggre- 
gate. 

(NOTE: Any allotment of the enlisted mans pay to Class B dependents 

was voluntary.) 

The 78th Congress later amended the Servicemen's Dependents Allowance 
Act (by Public Law 174, approved on October 26, 1943) to increase the 
allowances to dependents. Under the amendment, a wife alone received $50 
a month from the Government; a wife and one child, $80, and additional $20 
for each additional child; a child but no wife, $42, with an additional 
$20 for each additional child; a former wife divorced but no child, $42; a 
former wife divorced and one child, $72, with an additional $20 for each 
additional child. Increases were also made for Class B dependents. 

While the service pay increases and the establishment of dependency 
allowances did not, by any means, solve the dependency problems com- 
pletely, these two measures did enable the Local Boards to furnish to the 
armed forces a considerable number of registrants who otherwise might not 
have been available. 

The Servicemen's Dependents Allowance Act also repealed the definition 
of "dependent," which restricted dependency to financial dependency, and 
permitted "the deferment of registrants when they maintain a bona fide 
family relationship in their homes, provided the status with respect to such 
dependency was acquired prior to December 8, 1941, and at a time when 
selection was not imminent, and even though no financial dependency exists." 
This attitude of the Congress was undoubtedly a reflection of the general 
public which felt that fathers, regardless of order number, should not be 
inducted so long as single men or married men without children were avail- 
able for selection for induction. 

During the consideration of the Servicemen's Dependency Allowance Act, 
Congress indicated the desirability of selecting (for induction) registrants 
without dependents before any registrants with dependents were selected and, 
when it was necessary to induct registrants with dependents, they should be 
selected in the following order: 



168 



CLASSIFICATION— DEPENDENCY 

1. Those not maintaining a bona fide family relationship, in their homes, 
with a wife and child or children; then 

2. Those maintaining a bona fide family relationship, who have a wife 
but no children; then 

3. Those maintaining bona fide family relationships who have a wife and 
child or children. 

Administrative Changes 

On July 15, 1942, the National Director, in a directive to Local Boards, 
instructed the Boards to review all their Class III classifications when, in the 
opinion of each Board, such action became necessary in order to meet antici- 
pated calls for military manpower. The first group of III-A registrants to be 
reconsidered were those men in Class III-A who had wives but no children; 
the same type of men in Class III-B followed. 

With the passing of time and the vitally necessary increase of national 
participation in the war effort, the question of dependency became subdued 
more and more to the question of a registrant's value, in civilian life, to 
production activities which directly supported the war effort. Therefore, on 
April 12, 1943, Class III-B was eliminated and all registrants in this class 
were reclassified. Registrants not clearly entitled to remain in Class III-A 
were reclassified. A new classification — Class III-D — was established for 
those men whose induction would cause extreme hardship and privation to 
their dependents. In short, dependency classifications in the future were to 
be granted only when personal hardship and privation to the dependents 
would result from a registrant's induction. 

In order to delay as long as reasonably possible the induction of fathers, 
National Headquarters, on April 27, 1943, set up the requirement that induc- 
tion calls were to be filled from men finally classified in I-A, I-A-0 and IV-E 
by groups, in the order listed: 

1. Single men with no dependents; 

2. Single men with collateral dependents (parents, brothers, sisters, etc.) ; 

3. Married men with wives only; 

4. Men with children. 

This system of "categories" accented the importance of keeping fathers 
home with their children as long as possible, and unquestionably improved 
Selective Service relations with the general public. 

On January 30, 1943, National Selective Service Headquarters issued 
instructions to the effect that "the national interest will no longer permit the 
deferment of registrants in Class III-A where such registrants are engaged in 
activities or occupations which are non-deferrable." Accompanying the in- 
structions was a list of such "non-deferrable occupations" as designated by 
the War Manpower Commission. This so-called "work or fight" order became 



169 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



effective April 1, 1943, when men working in these non-deferrable industries 
were required to change their occupation to an essential industry within 30 
days, or to be inducted. As soon as the "work or fight" regulation was pub- 
licized, registrants then employed in non-essential activities began applying 
for and taking jobs in war production plants and other activities designated 
as essential to the support of the war effort. The keeping of statistics on these 
enforced changes was, of course, out of the question, but it is known that 
thousands of men were channeled into essential jobs as the result of the 
regulation. 

Local Boards seized upon the new regulation as an opportunity to re- 
classify registrants who refused to take heed of the order to "get into vital 
work or go into military service." Many of the Local Boards scrutinized their 
deferred lists carefully, and on noting that a registrant was engaged in one 
of the non-deferrable occupations, notified such registrant that he was subject 
to reclassification as available for service unless he immediately took the 
proper action in accordance with the regulation. However, as the result of 
pressures, the further enforcement of this regulation was prohibited by 
Public Law 197, and the list of non-deferrable occupations was abolished 
on December 10, 1943. 

On July 31, 1943, the National Director informed Local Boards that the 
requirements of manpower for the armed forces were such that the restric- 
tions on the inducting of fathers would be lifted, effective October 1, 1943. 
The issuance of this instruction caused a public reaction and an agitation 
inside Congress for legislation against the induction of fathers living with 
their families. The result was that Public Law No. 197, enacted December 5, 
1943, amended the Selective Train and Service Act of 1940 to provide, among 
other matters, that fathers who had maintained bona fide family relationships 
with their families since December 8, 1941 (or since the date of the birth of 
a child, if such birth occured after December 8, 1941) would, in sequence 
of their order numbers, be inducted only after all other available registrants 
had been inducted; the selection to be made on a nation-wide basis within 
the Nation and on state-wide basis within each State. Actually the legislation 
was not substantially different from the Selective Service policy then existing 
(adopted April 27, 1943), except as to the provision for the particular nation- 
wide basis and state-wide basis for making calls. The regulations provided 
that any father who was delinquent, or who left his agricultural occupation 
without the permission of his Local Board, would be moved to the head of 
the list of other available fathers and would be inducted ahead of them 
regardless of his order number. 

It will readily be seen, then, that the legislation of December 5, 1943 
simply delayed the induction of fathers, but did not exempt them from 
service. 

Class III-C — men deferred because of having dependents and also engaged 
as necessary men on farms — was abolished on February 17, 1944, the impor- 



170 



CLASSIFICATION— DEPENDENCY 

tance of a registrant's necessity in agricultural occupation taking precedence 
over any dependency element in his case. The only exception was in the 
event any such registrant's induction would cause extreme hardship and 
privation to his dependent, in which case he would be classified in Class III-D. 
Most of the registrants who had been classified in III-C were, on reconsidera- 
tion of their cases, transferred to Class II-C. 

As the emphasis was placed more and more upon the ages of registrants, 
the regulations were later revised, with rigid requirements for men aged 18 
through 25 years, but progressively more liberal ones for the older age 
groups. Men 30 through 37 years — the group which contained the greatest 
proportion of fathers — needed only to be "regularly engaged" in war produc- 
tion or in an activity in support of the national health, safety or interest to 
qualify for occupational deferment. In the younger age groups, however, the 
stress was placed upon the importance of occupation which specifically aided 
the war effort; a young father was not eligible for deferment unless he was 
regularly engaged in war production, agriculture, or, in general, an activity 
supporting the national health, safety or interest. 

After V-J Day, the problem of dependency classification was reduced 
considerably, and the Manpower calls upon the Local Boards were filled 
almost entirely from the available registrants of ages 18 through 25 years. 

Local Board Attitudes on Dependency Classification 
VARIOUS INTERPRETATIONS 

The more that the human factors enter into classification consideration, 
the greater the inevitability that there will be differences in interpretation of 
any regulation involving such factors. It was natural, then, that there was 
considerable variation among Local Boards as to the interpretations of the 
different factors to be considered in claims for deferment on the basis of 
dependency. 

Serious public relations problems were frequently encountered when two 
Local Boards in the same city — sometimes in adjoining offices — operated on 
entirely opposite policies, each Board feeling that it was correct in its deter- 
minations. Usually, these situations were caused by one of the Boards being 
exceptionally liberal and the other being extremely strict, neither following 
a middle-of-the-road policy. In all such situations of extremely wide variance 
in policies, State Headquarters dispatched a trained officer to the city con- 
cerned, with the result that the troublesome condition was corrected. 

In a few cases, State Headquarters found that a Local Board had set up 
its own special policies which were based upon the Members' own personal 
and individual beliefs and sympathies. These policies were in direct contrast to 
both the letter and spirit of the written regulations. Difficulties were en- 
countered in some of these particular situations, and it was necessary, at 
times, for the State Director to resort to his statutory right of appeal in order 



171 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

to convince the offending Local Boards that improper decisions would not 
be allowed to stand uncontested. 

The State Director was extremely careful, of course, to avoid dictation or 
influence in any Board's determination in an individual registrant's case, but 
he did take all legal steps possible to eliminate the occasional practice of a 
Board setting up and following any policy which specifically controverted 
the Selective Service law and regulations. 

In general, Local Boards gave full and sympathetic consideration to all 
claims for dependency deferment, at the same time balancing the factors in 
such claims against the armed forces' need for military manpower. 

No Local Board in the State escaped the efforts of some registrants to 
obtain dependency deferments by trickery, subterfuge and improper defer- 
ment claims. Of necessity, the Board Members came to develop an imme- 
diate suspicion in any case where there was the slightest indication that the 
evidence presented might not be the entire truth. In time, also, the Members 
developed the faculty of "spotting a phony" the minute he started talking at 
a Board hearing. Where, however, evidence was presented in a clear, com- 
plete, factual and sincere manner, a registrant could be assured of an honest 
and uncolored determination by the Local Board. 

It has been rightfully said that membership on a Local Board was the 
finest kind of education in practical psychology, for every Member was in 
a splendid position to observe carefully the workings of the human mind 
under certain conditions. 

FINANCIAL DEPENDENCY 

From the very outset, most Local Boards were inclined to be rather strict 
with reference to the factor of financial dependency, particularly in cases of 
registrants without children. The general attitude was that, since America 
was in an unlimited emergency and, later, at war, it was the obligation of 
every able-bodied man to share physically in the defense of his Nation. 

If a married man had a wife who was not ill or handicapped, Boards felt 
that the wife could and should obtain a position to help maintain herself and 
at the same time contribute to the war effort while her husband was away in 
the military service. The same policy obtained for registrants who had 
parents or brothers or sisters who were able to work for themselves. 

One point on which all the Local Boards remained firm was that earned 
income constituted the only financial factor to be considered. Where a regis- 
trant had income from securities or other property, the receiving of which 
income did not involve his own personal services, the Local Board invariably 
refused to consider the registrant for dependency deferment — unless, of 
course, other factors in the case warranted such consideration. 

The enactment of the Servicemen's Dependency Allowance Act — which 
provided certain payments to dependents of inducted men — helped Local 



172 



CLASSIFICATION— DEPENDENCY 

Boards to determine whether or not financial hardships would follow a 
registrant's induction. In many cases, of course, the governmental allowances 
were insufficient to prevent some degree of hardship. Since, however, war 
always demands sacrifices of many kinds, the Local Boards properly felt that 
financial sacrifices (without extreme hardship on dependents) were the easiest 
to make, and most Boards were therefore strict in all cases involving only 
financial considerations. 

INDUCTION OF FATHERS 

One of the greatest problems encountered — from both the standpoint of 
the public and that of the Local Boards — was the question of whether or not 
a father should be deferred. The public in general felt that single men with- 
out family responsibilities and married men without children should be 
drafted before consideration was given to inducting fathers. The preservation 
of the family unit is a deep-seated tradition of the American people. Many 
Local Boards were reluctant to make fathers available for induction; yet, 
under the regulations which existed in the early years of Selective Service 
administration, a registrant was not entitled to deferment solely because of 
the simple fact that he was a father. 

Since the regulations did not permit Local Boards to make their official 
decisions on the basis of their own personal beliefs and feelings, State Head- 
quarters encountered no little difficulty with a few Boards who strongly per- 
sisted in deferring men solely because they were fathers. The State Director, 
whose own son was serving in the armed forces, was no less sympathetic than 
the Local Boards who maintained that fathers should not be taken while single 
men roamed the streets. Yet, the State Director — as were the Local Boards — 
was sworn to carry out the Selective Service law and regulations as prescribed, 
and it was necessary to inculcate in the minds of all Board Members the 
principle that the law and regulations must be followed regardless of conflict- 
ing personal beliefs and feelings. 

In the later Selective Service years, there was considerable changing of 
regulations pertaining to the deferment and induction of fathers — changes 
which, at times, gave the Local Boards just cause for being provoked. How- 
ever, in spite of the numerous regulatory changes, Illinois Local Boards in 
general maintained their equilibrium and carried out their duties to the best of 
their ability in accordance with the written rules of the System. 

EXTREME HARDSHIP AND PRIVATION CASES 

After National Headquarters reduced the importance of dependency as a 
factor in deferment and eliminated Classes III-A, III-B and III-C, a relatively 
small percentage of claims of extreme hardship and privation (Class III-D) 
was allowed by Illinois Local Boards. A few Boards — particularly in the 
urban districts — were still inclined to be somewhat lenient in spite of the 



173 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

specific rules for determining extreme hardship and privations, but the Class 
III-D determinations of such Boards were examined carefully at State Head- 
quarters with the result that, with requests for some reopenings plus some 
appeals by the State Director, the number of such classifications for the entire 
State was held down to what we felt to be an absolute minimum. 

In every case where the evidence showed some doubt as to whether or not 
extreme hardship and privation would actually exist if the registrant were 
inducted, a special dependency investigation was made by a social worker 
assigned (or temporarily loaned) to the Selective Service System by the 
various social service agencies within the State. On the basis of the investi- 
gator's thorough report, a fair determination could inevitably be made. 

Investigative Aid Rendered by Public and Social Agencies 

The Selective Service System in Illinois was exceptionally fortunate in 
obtaining maximum cooperation from various public and private social agen- 
cies in obtaining special reports to be used by the Local Boards in determining 
whether or not registrants claiming dependency deferments were entitled to 
such deferment. Trained welfare workers were assignd full time to the Selec- 
tive Service System, and other such workers were loaned temporarily to con- 
duct individual case investigations. 

From the outset, Local Boards were often confronted with a case in which 
either the information pertaining to dependents was not complete or there 
was a reasonable doubt as to actual existence of dependency to the extent of 
warranting deferment. The Board concerned would then — either directly or 
through State Headquarters — request the social agency to make an investiga- 
tion and submit a report of the actual circumstances in the case. The trained 
social worker visited the home of the registrant in question, as well as rela- 
tives and others who might furnish substantial information as to the facts 
surrounding the dependency claim, finally submitting his or her report on a 
factual basis without any recommendations either for or against deferment. 

A great portion of the dependency investigations downstate were con- 
ducted by social workers attached to the Illinois Public Aid Commission, the 
rest being accomplished by the American Red Cross and county and private 
agencies. 

Because of the greater number of low-income families residing in the 
metropolitan area of Chicago, it was natural that Cook County Local Boards 
should encounter a greater problem than downstate Boards on the matter of 
dependency deferments. This situation became quite evident as time went on, 
and State Director Armstrong determined that the Local Boards in Cook 
County should, in accordance with Selective Service regulations, avail them- 
selves of assistance on a broad scale from welfare agencies in the investiga- 
tion of dependency claims wherein any degree of doubt existed. 



174 



CLASSIFICATION— DEPENDENCY 



Social Service Investigation Unit 

Colonel Armstrong consulted with Mr. Leo M. Lyons, then Administrator 
for the Chicago Welfare Administration in March of 1942, and requested the 
loan of several of the latter's investigators, a supervisor and a few stenogra- 
phers. The Chicago Welfare Administration had no funds available for the 
specific purpose, but Mr. Lyons agreed to loan three social workers, a super- 
visor and a stenographer for a 90-day trial period, also agreeing to pay 
minor expenses. The space necessary for the operation of the dependency 
investigation unit was to be provided by the Selective Service System. Miss 
Dorothy Sherman was assigned by Mr. Lyons to supervise the 90-day test 
operation. 

As a test of the idea, all Chicago Local Boards were each notified to send 
in two or three special cases in which the dependency status of each registrant 
was questionable. The results of the test were so satisfactory — a number of 
dependency claim frauds being uncovered by the trained investigators — that 
the State Director decided to expand the idea by enlisting the additional 
assistance of the Council of Social Agencies in Chicago, which incorporated 
all the large welfare groups. 

As the result of a conference between Selective Service officials and rep- 
resentatives of the Council of Social Agencies, arrangements were made to 
establish a centralized service to be responsible for dependency investigation 
requested by the Local Boards and to be housed in the Chicago office of 
State Selective Service Headquarters. Colonel Armstrong also appointed an 
Advisory Board consisting of the Assistant State Director, the State Medical 
Officer, and representatives of the local social agencies which loaned staff 
members to the dependency investigation unit, plus representatives of other 
community interests. The new department, established on December 20, 1942, 
was known as Social Services for Selective Service Registrants. The staff 
consisted of as high as forty trained social workers and eight clerical workers 
loaned by various local public and private social agencies, and Mrs. Lenore 
Levin was appointed the director of the unit, being immediately responsible 
to the Assistant State Director. 

Suitable referral forms were devised for Local Boards' use in forwarding 
their dependency investigation requests to the unit. Each referral was turned 
over to a trained investigator who not only visited the family of the registrant 
but also obtained pertinent and valuable information from all other possible 
sources — relatives, governmental agencies, social agency files, banks, land- 
lords, employers, etc. 

After each investigation, the investigator made out a complete report 
which showed the detailed findings without recommendation of the de- 
pendency status as to classification of the registrant concerned. This impor- 
tant information enabled the Local Board in question to determine classifica- 
tion with almost perfect judgment. 



175 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



The Social Services for Selective Service Registrants also rendered valu- 
able assistance in the conduct of the Governor's Rehabilitation Program (dis- 
cussed later in this volume) and, through this cooperation, were able to assist 
the Office of Scientific Research and Development in its special study, at the 
Illinois Research Hospital, of convalescence after surgery in corrective cases. 



MEMBERS OF STATE DIRECTORS SOCIAL SERVICES 
ADVISORY BOARD 

Francis D. Scully (Chairman) 1 North LaSalle Street 

Rev. Vincent W. Cooke Catholic Charity Bureau 

Dr. Andrew W. Brown Assistant Professor, Department of Psy- 
chology, University of Chicago 

Dr. Marshall Davison University Hospital 

Stanley P. Farwell Secretary and Treasurer, Soldiers' and 

Sailors' Council 

Virginia C. Frank Executive Director, Jewish Social Serv- 
ice Bureau 

Dr. Charles W. Freeman (D.D.S.) . .Dean, School of Dentistry, Northwestern 

University 

Jeanette Hanford Assistant General Superintendent, United 

Charities 

Brigadier Crawford Salvation Army 

Raymond Hilliard Director, Illinois Public Aid Commission 

George J. Klupar Executive Secretary, Catholic Cemeteries 

Wayne McMillan School of Social Service Administration, 

University of Chicago 

Joseph L. Moss Director. Cook County Bureau of Public 

Welfare 

Dr. William F. Petersen Chairman, Board of Governors, Institute 

of Medicine 

Mary A. Young Staff Secretary, Division of Child Wel- 
fare, Council of Social Agencies 

Howard L. Russell Director, American Public Welfare As- 
sociation 

Eleanor S. Feeney Director, Home Service, American Red 

Cross 

A. E. Rose Commissioner, Chicago Welfare Admin- 
istration 

Joel D. Hunter General Superintendent, United Charities 



176 



CLASSIFICATION— DEPENDENCY 

TOTAL NUMBER SERVED BY SOCIAL SERVICES FOR SELECTIVE 
SERVICE REGISTRANTS, ACCORDING TO TYPE OF SERVICE 

March, 1942, to September, 1945 

Service Cases Received Cases Completed 

Dependency Investigations 8.108 1 7,776 2 

Consultation and Information Service 1,624 1,624 

Special Service to Social Agencies 771 771 

Inter-City Service I Requests from cities outside 

of Cook County) 251 251 

Governor's Rehabilitation Program 2,996 :: 2,939 4 

Miscellaneous 9 9 

Totals 13,759 13,37c 1 " 2 

NOTES: 

1 299 cases reopened and reinvestigated. 

2 332 cases received; investigations were begun but not completed, due to change? in 
Army regulations. 

3 Of this number of registrants interviewed in connection with the Governor's Re- 
habilitation Program. 1,552 were referred for corrective surgery. Out of the 1.552 referrals, 
1,039 were later inducted into the armed forces. Of the 513 remaining men not inducted: 
33% were still under medical care; 15.7% were accepted into essential industry; 32.5% 
had same or new defects occur after remedial care had been completed; 15.1% were 
average according to changes in regulations after completion of remedial care; 3.7% 
were not called by their Local Boards. 

4 57 cases were still under care at the time this report was completed. 

5 Upon investigation, these cases were referred to the Veterans Administration. 

Consultation and Information Service 

In June of 1942, arrangements were made with the President of the Cook 
County Board of Commissioners and the Director of the Cook County Bureau 
of Public Welfare to establish a Consultation and Information Service for 
Selective Service Registrants. This Service, formally established on August 1. 
1942, was located in Room 505 of the Selective Service Headquarters building 
in Chicago, and was made available to registrants and servicemen, and mem- 
bers of their families, who sought advice and counsel on many personal and 
social problems resulting from their imminent or actual induction. 

The Cook County Bureau of Public Welfare provided the quarters, the 
necessary equipment, three professional workers and a clerk. Referrals to 
the Consultation and Information Service were received from Local Boards, 
induction station, local social agencies, women's clubs, governmental agencies 
and other interested persons. The greatest number of cases pertained to 
financial difficulties; a serviceman's non-support of his family was a frequent 
complaint received at the office; housing, employment and other social prob- 
lems constituted the remainder of the 1.625 cases handled. 



177 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

Cooperation of Social Agencies Important Factor 

From the inception of Social Services for Registrants, both public and 
private social agencies made available the necessary professional and clerical 
staff to carry on the functions assigned to the unit. At the end of the 90-day 
experimental period, the Chicago Welfare Administration agreed to match 
the total staff loaned by all other social agencies. In addition, the Relief Ad- 
ministration made available the Director of Social Services, Mrs. Lenore 
Levin, who served in such post until September 1, 1944, at which time she 
was succeeded by Mrs. Jean C. Laufman, who remained as Director until 
the unit's work was terminated. 

During one period when it was imperative that a backlog of cases be 
cleared up, the Chicago Welfare Administration and the Cook County Bureau 
of Public Welfare (Joseph L. Moss, Director) shared the responsibility of 
providing the necessary additional staff for thirty days. 

The following agencies participated whole-heartedly in the program: 

Chicago Welfare Administration American Red Cross 

Cook County Bureau of Public Council of Social Agencies 

Welfare United Charities of Chicago 

Jewish Social Service Bureau Jewish Children's Bureau 

Salvation Army Catholic Charity Bureau 

Illinois Public Aid Commission 

The degree of contribution to the war effort by the various participating 
public and private social service agencies and their welfare workers cannot 
be measured by words. The agencies were extremely generous in placing 
their facilities at the command of State Headquarters and the Local Boards. 
The welfare workers, themselves, put in hours far beyond the line of duty 
and their intelligent and thorough investigations and reports were of im- 
measureable benefit toward obtaining military manpower for the armed 
forces as well as preventing any hardships which otherwise, even though 
honestly brought about, might have occurred. 



CLASS IV— DEFERRED FOR VARIOUS REASONS 

Class IV-A 

Originally, the Selective Service law relieved, from training and service, 
men who had satisfactorily completed prescribed periods of service in the 
Regular Army, the National Guard or the Officers Reserve Corps. It is 
thought that the Congress inadvertently left out any reference to similar serv- 
ice in the Navy, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard. 

At any rate, representatives of the people in Congress were soon flooded 
with protests and, on May 29, 1941, Public Law 87. 77th Congress, was 
approved. Its purpose was to amend the Selective Service law as to relieve 



178 



CLASSIFICATION— CLASSES IV-A AND IV-B 

3-year Regular Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard members and certain 
members of the reserve components thereof from training and service. 

Section 208 of the Coast Guard Auxiliary and Reserve Act of 1941 
(Public Law 8, 77th Congress— approved February 15, 1941) affected Sec- 
tion 5 (a) of the Selective Training and Service Act. It provided that mem- 
bers of the Coast Guard reserve, other than temporary members, would 
receive the same exemption from registration and liability for training and 
service as members of the Naval Reserve. 

At the outset, the qualifications originally prescribed for deferment in 
Class IV-A were in effect only while our Nation was at peace. Previous 
military service, however, ceased to be a basis for IV-A classification after 
Pearl Harbor, for the regulations had provided that no person was to be 
placed in Class IV-A in time of war. 

On November 13, 1942 — as the result of Public Law 772 (77th Congress) 
— National Selective Service Headquarters issued the following instructions: 

"1. The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 has been amended 
to provide that no man, without his consent, shall be inducted for 
training and service after he has attained the forty-fifth anniversary 
of his birth. 

"2. No registrant who is liable for training and service by reason of be- 
ing under the age of 45 years at the time fixed for his registration 
shall be inducted after he has attained the forty-fifth anniversary 
of his birth unless he shall consent in writing to such induction. 

"3. Every registrant who reaches the age of 45 years before his induc- 
tion, whether he has been ordered to report for induction or not, 
shall be classified in Class IV-A and shall not be inducted for train- 
ing and service without his written consent to his induction." 

Thus, Class IV-A became, specifically, an "age" classification. Subse- 
quently, the requirements for deferment in IV-A were modified: 

(1) On October 5, 1944, to include registrants between the ages of 38 
and 45 years, inclusive, except registrants in I-C, IV-B and IV-D 
and men in Class IV-E who were in public service camps; 

(2) On August 31, 1945, to include registrants 26 years of age and over, 
except registrants in I-C, I-G, IV-B, IV-D and IV-E men in public 
service camps. 

Class IV-B 

As previously stated, this classification was first restricted to (1) the 
Vice President of the United States, Governors of the States, and other 
State officials chosen by the voters of the entire State, Members of Congress, 
members of a State legislative body, and judges of courts of record of the 
United States or a State, and (2) officers and enlisted men of the Coast 



179 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

and Geodetic Survey, or of the Public Health Service, and cadets of the 
advanced course, senior division, of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
or the Naval Reserve Officers' Training Corps. Later, the regulations were 
amended to include men who had been accepted (but not yet entered) as 
midshipmen of the United States Naval Academy and cadets of the United 
States Military and Coast Guard Academies. 

Because deferments in this class were made as the result of specific pro- 
visions of the Selective Service law itself, no difficulties were encountered 
except in the case of several judges whose qualifications were challenged. 
These cases were being resolved satisfactorily. There were a number of 
instances in Illinois of judges and State legislators foregoing their statutory 
right to deferment in order to enter the armed forces voluntarily. 

Class IV -C 

There were no serious problems regarding aliens in peacetime Selective 
Service. Male aliens residing within the United States or its Territories, 
who had declared their intention to become United States citizens, were 
liable for training and service. All other aliens were also required to regis- 
ter, but had no other obligation under the law; they were placed in Class 
IV-C and were not called for military service. The only exceptions were the 
diplomatic and technical attaches of foreign legations, consuls general, con- 
suls, vice consuls, and consular agents (foreign subjects, none of whom had 
declared their intention of becoming citizens of the United States) of foreign 
countries all of whom were not required to register. 

After Pearl Harbor, however, the situation changed, and the 77th Con- 
gress (Public Law 360, approved December 20, 1941) amended the original 
Act with respect to non-declarant aliens, and provided that "every other 
male person residing in the United States, who is between the ages of 18 
and 45 at the time fixed for his registration" was liable for training and 
service in the armed forces of the United States. This amendment, however, 
had two important exceptions: 

1. Any citizen or subject of a neutral country might be relieved from 
liability from training and service by making application therefore 
in the manner prescribed, in accordance with the rules and regula- 
tions prescribed by the President, and provided that such persons 
should be debarred forever from becoming citizens of the United 
States. 

2. Various diplomatic representatives of foreign embassies, legations and 
other persons not citizens of the United States, and not having de- 
clared their intention to become such citizens, might be specified by 
the President as not required to register. 

To assist an alien registrant in applying for relief from training and 
service, of relief from registration, a special form (DSS Form, Alien's 



180 



CLASSIFICATION— CLASS IV-C 

Personal and History Statement) was provided. This form furnished in- 
formation which (1) would enable Local Boards to determine, subject to 
appeal, whether or not an alien was, in fact, "residing in the United States," 
and (2) furnish necessary information to the armed forces for determining 
the acceptability or non-acceptability of such alien for military service. 

The term, "non-resident alien" was applied to: 

1. Officials and employes (other than the diplomatic representatives 
shown above) of foreign governments, who were nationals of the gov- 
ernments employing them. 

2. Nationals of foreign governments who, with the consent of their gov- 
ernments, entered the United States in good faith for the sole purpose 
of obtaining an education. 

At times, difficult situations arose with respect to non-resident alien stu- 
dents who were pursuing courses at colleges and universities in Illinois. In 
one particularly troublesome case, there were a number of alien students at 
the University of Illinois — there under the sponsorship of the particular 
government, taking courses which would ultimately help fit themselves to 
become officers in their own country's army. These alien students appeared 
to have plenty of money, and were lavish in their expenditures for social 
purposes, as well as seemingly having no limitation on gasoline for their 
expensive automobiles. It was natural that the citizens of Champaign and 
Urbana having their own sons and husbands in military service, and some 
having already lost their loved ones on the battle field — should develop a 
strong resentment against the liberties and privileges accorded these appar- 
ently physically fit young men from other countries. 

While, under international agreements, the Selective Service System was 
unable to take any drastic action to correct the situation which was logically 
disturbing the morale of the two university communities, State Headquar- 
ters did take steps to require these young alien students to meet continually 
the strictest requirements of their respective courses, and also obtained the 
return of the students to their native country as promptly as possible after 
their studies had been completed. 

RECIPROCAL INDUCTION AGREEMENTS 

After Pearl Harbor, it became important that no citizen of a co-belligerent 
nation, who happened to be located in the United States, should evade 
contributing to the defense common to both his own nation and this country 
simply by the fact that he was not subject to military service in our own 
armed forces. Agreements were therefore executed between the United States 
and the various co-belligerent nations whose defense aims were identical with 
those of our own country. These agreements provided essentially that: 



181 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

1. An alien could voluntarily elect to serve in the armed forces of his 
own country or those of the United States. (Such privilege was also 
accorded to United States citizens residing in the various countries 
with whom the reciprocal agreements were made.) 

2. An alien residing in this country, or a citizen of the United States 
residing in one of the countries with whom the reciprocal agreements 
had been signed, could be returned to the armed forces of his native 
land if proper request were made. 

The number of men who actually availed themselves of the opportunity 
of service with their own country is not available, but it is believed that the 
effects of the reciprocal agreements did obtain a considerable number of 
additional men for the armed forces of the United States and the nations 
signing the reciprocal agreements. This was particularly true of United 
States citizens residing in Canada and vice versa, Canadian citizens residing 
in this country. 

Class IV-D 

Freedom of worship was one of the four freedoms for which America 
went to war. Even in the days before we realized that our civilization 
was to be challenged — even to its religious roots — it was felt that regular 
and duly ordained ministers of religion should be exempted from military 
duty. The first bill submitted to Congress contained this provision and was 
readily accepted; the similar exemption or deferment of divinity or theological 
students was added on the floor of the Congress. 

Only minor difficulties were encountered with this classification as a 
whole, and such difficulties invariably arose out of the question as to whether 
or not a registrant claiming IV-D was actually a "minister of religion" under 
the law. 

Any minister, priest or rabbi who had been duly ordained and was de- 
voting all his time to the ministry received deferment without question. The 
same principle included: Christian Brothers, who are religious, who live in 
communities apart from the world and devote themselves exclusively to 
Christian teaching; Lutheran lay teachers who also dedicate themselves to 
teaching, including religion; lay brothers in Catholic religious orders, and 
many others, who dedicate their lives to the spread of their religion. 

Regular ministers of religion — that is, those who were not normally or- 
dained — were also given every possible consideration. Even in the cases 
of ministers who, because of the financial weakness of their congregations, 
were forced to take full-time civilian positions in order to support themselves 
and their families were given the benefit of doubt by virtually all Local Boards. 

Shortly after the Selective Service administration was put into effect, 
some registrants began to claim Class IV-D on the basis of having been 
"ordained" by some previously unknown religious organization. Careful 



182 



CLASSIFICATION— CLASSES IV-D AND IV-E 

investigation revealed that a number of these organizations were set up for 
the specific purpose of providing a basis for deferment and, in a few cases, 
an "ordination certificate" could be obtained by mail order for anywhere 
from $5 to $50 each. 

The greatest single problem encountered in connection with determin- 
ing whether or not a registrant claiming IV-D was actually a "minister of 
religion" under the law was in the case of members of the Jehovah's Witness 
sect. These members, in general, earn their living by going from door to 
door selling the tracts and other publications of their organization, at the 
same time endeavoring to further the Gospel. The problem was national 
in scope, and National Headquarters partly resolved the problem by estab- 
lishing a list of Jehovah's Witnesses who were considered by National Head- 
quarters to qualify for classification IV-D subject, of course, to Local Board 
determination and, if taken, appeals. Any Jehovah's Witness whose name 
did not appear on that list had to take his chances on his Local Board's de- 
cision and the appeal process. 

Local Boards, in the main, were prone to classify a Jehovah's Witness 
as a conscientious objector (I-A-0 or IV-E) rather than as a minister of 
religion. In practically every case where a Jehovah's Witness was denied 
a IV-D classification, the registrant appealed his case. Many of the members 
of this sect, after resort to the appeal process failed to win them ministerial 
deferment, refused to report for either induction or for work in a public 
service camp, this procedure resulting in their being reported to the United 
States District Attorney for prosecution under the law. 

Exemption from training and service was also granted to students who 
were preparing for the ministry in recognized theological or divinity schools. 
The term, "recognized," as applied to such schools, did not mean approval 
by educational accrediting agencies, but rather recognition by the denomina- 
tion of the school as leading into the ministry of that particular denomina- 
tion. In addition, such schools were required to have been established and 
operating on or before September 16, 1939. 

Any pre-theological student approaching the end of his sophomore year, 
who was definitely headed for training in the ministry, was given occupa- 
tional deferment (Class II-A) instead of being placed in Class IV-D. 

Class IV-E (Conscientious Objectors) 

The right of conscientious objectors under the 1940 law were not con- 
fined to the historic peace churches, such as the Church of the Brethren, 
the Mennonite and the Society of Friends (Quakers). The rights of con- 
scientious objectors were granted to all men who, by reason of religious 
training and belief, were conscientiously opposed to war. 

During World War I, it was necessary that a man be recognized as a 
bona fide member of a well-recognized religious sect whose creed forbade 



183 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



participation in war. In World War II, because the registrant was required 
to be classified on an individual basis rather than on the basis of his mem- 
bership in a religious sect, the problem for the Members of the Local Board 
became one of individual conscience and, therefore, one that was most diffi- 
cult to decide. The overworked Board Members found it hard to evaluate 
the mass of supporting evidence and community opinion of a conscientious 
objector. 

A large number of Local Board Members were men who served in other 
wars, and they in particular found it hard to appreciate the position of a 
conscientious objector, especially when it was not publicly known that he 
had any such beliefs, and when he was not affiliated with any specific church. 
In general, the Local Boards did a fair and intelligent job in the classifica- 
tion of conscientious objectors. Boards of Appeal, of course, had the benefit 
of recommendations from the Department of Justice in doubtful cases. 

A few days after Pearl Harbor, representatives of the various groups 
interested in conscientious objectors were given an audience at the Spring- 
field office. At this conference, all of the problems of both sides were dis- 
cussed, which assisted materially in creating a better understanding of our 
policy and their position. 

Some registrants classified as conscientious objectors changed their views 
and asked to be assigned to combat duty. Others requested assignment to 
non-combatant duty in the armed forces. With few exceptions, this group 
presented no major problem. The majority of the group assigned to work 
of national importance rendered valuable service. 

There were two types of objectors; (1) those who were willing to render 
non-combatant service in the armed forces and (2) those unwilling to render 
any kind of military service. The former type have been dealt with in 
the section on Classes I-A-0 and I-A-O(L), and was seldom the source of 
trouble or controversy. It was in the claims of conscientious objection against 
any and all types of military service that Local Boards often found difficult 
situations. While many of such registrants had, over a period of years 
prior to the beginning of Selective Service, established their sincere objec- 
tions to military service, many others endeavored to take advantage of this 
provision of the law simply to evade such service. 

Before the subject of conscientious objection could be considered in the 
classification process, a registrant claiming such objection had to be found 
not qualified for any deferred class. This having been done, the Local Board 
determined whether or not such registrant was. in fact, a conscientious 
objector. 

As previously stated, the registrant who simply objected to combatant 
service (if the Board determined that his objections were real and sincere) 
was placed in Class I-A-0 or Class I-A-0 (L), according to his physical fit- 



181 






CLASSIFICATION— CLASS IV-E 

ness for service. If, after physical examination, any such registrant was 
found not physically fit for service, he was placed in Class IV-F. 

If the Local Board decided that a registrant's objections to any kind 
of military service were well-founded and authentic, the registrant was 
classified in Class IV-E and, on being found physically fit, was then subject 
to assignment to work of national importance in any of the 137 national 
work camps in the Lnited States and Territories. In a number of cases, such 
men were assigned to special projects in hospitals, on farms and in scientific 
research institutions. To the benefit of this type of registrant, it may be 
said that many of these men offered themselves for perilous medical experi- 
ments, through which important contributions were made in the field of 
medical science. All money expended by the farm employer, hospitals and 
other institutions for the employment of conscientious objectors was paid 
into the United States Treasury. 

If the Local Board determined that, in spite of the registrant's claims, 
he was not entitled to be classified as a conscientious objector and, in addi- 
tion, was not entitled to deferment, the registrant was classified in Class I-A 
or Class I-A(L), whichever applied. Invariably, such determination was 
appealed, after which the registrant's file was forwarded to the Board of 
Appeal for re-determination of classification. 

In determining classification of a registrant claiming conscientious 
objection, the Board of Appeal followed the same classification procedure 
of that of the Local Board, except that, effective April 19, 1945, in the event 
that the Appeal Board decided that the registrant had not fully established 
his claim to conscientious objection, his file was then sent to the Depart- 
ment of Justice for a special hearing on such claim. 

Within the Department of Justice, and under the supervision of the 
United States Attorney in the district concerned, a special hearing officer, 
after receiving a case forwarded by the Board of Appeal, summoned the 
registrant claiming conscientious objection and any witnesses desired by 
registrant, questioning the latter and his witnesses carefully in order to de- 
termine whether or not, in the opinion of the hearing officer, the claim to 
objection was substantial and sincere. The services of the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation were utilized when necessary. 

After the hearing was completed, the hearing officer made his report 
and recommendation which was inserted into the registrant's file, such file 
then being returned to the Board of Appeal having the case. The Board of 
Appeal then considered — but was not bound to follow — the hearing officer's 
report and recommendation, as well as the evidence presented at the hearing, 
and made its own determination as to classification. 

Up to October 1, 1945, Illinois had forwarded 623 Class IV-E registrants 
to public service camps. 



185 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



The exact figure on the number of conscientious objectors among Illinois 
registrants is not reasonably possible, for many of such registrants who 
claimed conscientious objection were, because of other circumstances which 
took precedence, classified on the basis of dependency, occupation or physical 
unfitness. 

WORK OF NATIONAL IMPORTANCE 

The program of work of national importance under civilian direction 
was agreed upon in conference between representatives of the National Serv- 
ice Board for Religious Objectors and the Director of Selective Service, 
aided by representatives of other agencies of the Federal Government. 
Through the Executive Secretary of the National Service Board for Re- 
ligious Objectors, the American Friends Service Committee, the Brethren 
Service Committee, the Mennonite Central Peace Committee and the Fellow- 
ship of Reconciliation stated that they were prepared to organize and finance, 
within the limits of their ability, a program under which conscientious ob- 
jectors could perform work of national importance. On December 20, 1940, 
the Director of Selective Service, by direction of the President, accepted the 
proposal, and agreed to give the program the heartiest cooperation and a 
general supervision. 

It was not until February 6, 1941, that the President signed the Exec- 
utive Order authorizing the Director of Selective Service to establish or 
designate the work of national importance to which the conscientious ob- 
jectors could be assigned. In the beginning, some difficulty was encoun- 
tered in obtaining suitable Civilian Conservation Corps camp sites. Also, 
in most cases, the camps obtainable required considerable repair and re- 
habilitation. Projects under consideration were: farm labor, sanitation, 
attendants in hospitals, research work for forestry, soil conservation and fish 
and wild life. Other special projects developed as the program progressed. 

The first five camps for immediate use were selected in March of 1941. 
and the first set of camp regulations were drawn up by Selective Service 
which prescribed the government of the camps and set forth the duties 
and responsibilities of the agencies involved. On May 8, 1941. the Camp 
Operations Division was established at National Headquarters, its duties 
having been to obtain, equip and operate the camps and assign the men 
classified as IV-E to the various camps. 

After a registrant was finally classified as IV-E. the Local Board reported 
his name I through State Headquarters) to Camp Operations Division. The 
National Service Board obtained the names and sent each man a question- 
naire which provided information concerning his religion, occupation and 
education. Men were assigned to camps on the basis of their answers in the 
questionnaire. Wherever possible, they were allowed to go to a camp op- 
erated by a religious group of their own choice. 



186 



CLASSIFICATION— CLASS IV-E 



Assignees to public service camps had the same responsibility as to 
length of service as did regular inductees in the armed forces. When Con- 
gressional action extended the service of the men in the Army, the period 
of service of men in work camps was likewise extended. On the other 
hand, when the induction of men over 28 years of age was suspended, the 
assigning to camp of men of such ages was likewise suspended. When the 
privilege of discharge from the armed forces was given to overage men 
under rules and regulations and with the approval of their commanding 
officers, similar privileges were extended to conscientious objectors in public 
service camps. The general rule was to follow Army policy in such matters — 
not because the assignees were deemed to have a military status, but with 
the idea of making the condititons of their service comparable whenever 
this could be done. It was felt that the assignees should be neither favored 
nor punished because of their beliefs, but that, so far as the law allowed, 
they should undergo the same inconveniences and receive the same length- 
of-service considerations as the men in the armed forces. 

Many of the conscientious objector projects — particularly the so-called 
"guinea pig" experiments, were not only of national importance but of the 
widest possible humanitarian service. They helped to build up respect for 
the courage and the seriousness of the conscientious objectors' personal con- 
victions. Even though most of us feel that the conscientious objector was 
mistaken in his conception of duty with reference to joining in the militant 
defense of his country, his vital contribution to the welfare of humanity and 
science has earned him a certain measure of admiration. Certainly, the 
conscientious objector found out the great privilege of living in a democracy 
where he was permitted to stand up for his personal beliefs and receive 
full consideration because of them — -instead of being faced with the horrors 
of concentration camps, brutality and firing squads. 

CLASS IV-E REGISTRANTS FROM STATE OF ILLINOIS REPORTED 
TO NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS ON D.S.S. FORM 4S (CONSCIEN- 
TIOUS OBJECTOR REPORT) AS OF OCTOBER 1, 1945 

D.S.S. Forms 48 received 900 

Registrants in C.P.S. Camps 452 

Registrants discharged from camp 166 

Registrants delinquent 58 

Registrants reclassified 134 

Registrants awaiting discharge 3 

Registrants in C.P.S. Reserve 2 

Registrants on whom prosecution is pending 9 

Registrants for whom Form 48 has been withdrawn 76 

Total 900 



187 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

CIVILIAN PUBLIC SERVICE CAMPS OPERATING IN 
STATE OF ILLINOIS AS OF OCTOBER 1, 1945 

(Note: Most of the conscientious objectors serving on projects in Illinois 
were registrants of other states) 

Camp No. 22 — Henry, Illinois 

Soil Conservation Service 

Opened November, 1941 

Closed December, 1942 

Average number of assignees — 129 

Man-days of work 21.797 

Camp No. 26 — Alexian Brothers Hospital 
Chicago, Illinois 
Hospital Attendants 
Opened March, 1942 
Number in unit — 76 
Man-days of work IS, 171 

Camp No. 97 — Dairy Farm Labor 
McHenry County 
Project started April, 1943 
Number in unit — 20 
Man-days of work 15,876 

Camp No. 100 — Dairy Herd Testers 

State-Wide 

Project started February. 1944 

Number in unit — 35 

Man-days of work 10. 175 

Note: Twenty-four counties in the State used 
assignee herd testers. One man was assigned to 
the Artificial Breeding Association. 

Camp No. 115 — Office of Scientific Research and Development 

Note: Some of these "guinea pig" projects wen- 
carried out by men on detached service before 
No. 115 was set up as an operating unit. 

University of Illinois: 

Heat Research — Man-days worked 2,738 

Cold Research — Man-days worked 10.089 

Chicago University: 

Altitude Project — Man-days worked 450 

Anti-Malarial Drugs — Man-days worked 2.536 

Northwestern University Medical School: 

Effects of Diet on Altitude Tolerance — Man-days 

worked . 4,754 

Total Man-Days Worked on Illinois Projects 114,189 



L88 






CLASSIFICATION— CLASS IV-F 

Class IV-F (Physical or Mental) 

The determination as to whether or not a registrant qualified for Class 
IV-F (Physical or Mental) was usually made as the result of physical examina- 
tion procedures to be discussed in detail later in the chapter on the medical 
aspects of Selective Service. 

Classification in this particular class took place only after (1) the Local 
Board had received professional medical information to the effect that a 
registrant was physically or mentally disqualified for military service or (2) 
the Local Board had observed that a registrant had a manifestly disqualifying 
defect such as blindness, amputation of an arm or leg, etc. In the face of 
either of these two situations, the Board had no choice but to classify a 
registrant accordingly. 

At times, a Local Board found it difficult to reconcile disqualifying medical 
information with the fact that the registrant concerned appeared hale, hearty 
and active. Yet, a bad heart or a tuberculous bone or some other serious 
internal defect could not be detected through a suit of clothes or even through 
the nude skin of a registrant. 

Registrants who failed to meet the physical and mental standards of the 
armed forces were too often the source of considerable unfair criticism 
against the Local Boards concerned. In many cases of rejection, the men 
were able to do a full day's work yet failed to meet the requirements for 
military service. The result was that neighbors of such a registrant, failing 
to note any manifest physical or mental disability, had a tendency to feel 
that the Local Board had shown favoritism or special consideration in the 
classification of the registrant. Since the regulations required that all infor- 
mation pertaining to a registrant's physical or mental condition be kept 
strictly confidential, the Local Board was in the unfortunate position of not 
being able to defend its classification action other than to state that the 
registrant had been rejected by the military authorities, not by the Board. 
This explanation, however, generally failed to satisfy a critic. 

Trying problems were also encountered among the rejected men, them- 
selves. Many youngsters, anxious to join their Nation's fighting forces, suf- 
fered severe mental shock and depression upon being rejected for service. 
This was particularly true in many cases of men rejected for neuro-psychiatric 
reasons. Until their rejection, they had considered themselves as perfectlv 
normal individuals, when suddenly they found out that they were considered 
mentally unfit for military duty. The tendency, of course, was for them to 
become depressed and wonder if they were insane without knowing it. The 
truth, however, was that the bulk of these registrants were not even bordering 
on the stage of insanity. They simply suffered from some personality dis- 
order which made it advisable for the medical examining officers to deter- 
mine that the registrants could not adapt themselves to the rigors of military 



180 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

life. It was the Local Board, to be sure, that got the brunt of the repercus- 
sions of men rejected because of being found unfit for military service. 

There were known cases of men rejected for military service for mental 
or physical reasons who, rather than confess their failure to pass a physical 
examination, claimed they had been deferred because of some influence or 
other reason. Such statements, of course, were a source of embarrassment to 
any Local Board involved. 

During the early part and middle of 1944, manpower for the armed 
forces became scarce, and it was necessary for Local Boards to review the 
majority of their deferments in an effort to obtain additional manpower. 
In order to make sure that no man was deferred on physical or mental 
grounds who could properly be accepted by the armed forces, the National 
Director ordered a review of all Class IV-F men who had been previously 
rejected on those grounds. While the specific number of men "recovered" 
on such review is not available, it is known that such review failed to pro- 
duce many I-A men out of Class IV-F. 

Out of 1,002,800 Illinois registrants, aged 18 through 37 years, who had 
been examined for induction or enlistment up to August 1, 1945, 263.000 were 
rejected — a rejection rate of 26%. Only eleven other States had a lower re- 
jection rate than Illinois. The combined rejection rate for the six other 
largest States (California, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and 
Texas) was 27.5%. The highest rejection rate for any individual State was 
44.2% ; the lowest was 23.0%. The national rejection rate was 30.2%. These 
figures show that Illinois registrants were, on the whole, healthier mentally 
and physically than the registrants of most other States. 

Class IV F (Moral) 

Since it was necessary to furnish morally as well as physically acceptable 
men to the armed forces, each Local Board had the responsibility of deter- 
mining whether or not its physically fit and available registrants were morally 
acceptable. 

Each registrant, when completing his questionnaire, was required to state 
whether or not he had been convicted of a criminal offense and, if so, to 
give the details of such conviction. He was also required to state whether or 
not he had previously served in the armed forces and, if so, the type of dis- 
charge he received. 

Whenever a registrant had a criminal record, or had received a dishonor- 
able or "undesirable" discharge, the Local Board, in considering such regis- 
trant for classification, applied the standards shown under Class IV-F listed 
in the section, "The Various Classes." If the registrant's status came under 
any of the restrictions listed, he was classified in Class IV-F (Moral). There 
was no variation from this procedure until January 2, 1942. at which time 
National Headquarters issued Local Board Memorandum 77 setting up pro- 
visions for the processing of applications for waiver from certain registrants 



190 



CLASSIFICATION— CLASS IV-F 

considered morally acceptable to the armed forces or for work of national 
importance. The new procedure made it possible for previously unacceptable 
men who were considered to have been morally rehabilitated to take their 
places along the other men in the armed forces. 

When a registrant was in the custody of the law, it was necessary to obtain 
a termination of such custody, or a conditional or outright release from civil 
custody in order that he might be considered available and be forwarded for 
induction. The Special Panel Boards handled a large number of these cases. 
Many others were handled through various civil court judges. In the proc- 
essing and consideration of these cases, the officials of the State Board of 
Pardons and Paroles, the State Division of Supervision of Parolees and the 
wardens of the several penal institutions in the State gave their fullest co- 
operation. Special mention of appreciation must be given to Director T. P. 
Sullivan of the Department of Public Safety and Col. Frank D. Whipp, Super- 
intendent of Prisons, whose whole-hearted assistance helped to insure the 
success of the Special Panel Board procedure. 

Under Local Board Memorandum 77, a registrant who had been con- 
victed of a heinous crime was morally unacceptable for service in the armed 
forces for a period of six months immediately following his release from 
confinement in an institution, or for six months following his conviction if 
he had been placed on suspended sentence or paroles. After such period of 
six months, any especially meritorious case would be given full and sympa- 
thetic consideration upon application for waiver. 

Any registrant who had been discharged from any branch of the armed 
forces under conditions other than honorable was unacceptable for military 
service unless and until a waiver had been granted by the proper military 
agency. 

Even without any record of conviction for a crime or a discharge other 
than honorable from the armed forces, a registrant might still be classified 
in Class IV-F (Moral) if the Local Board had evidence to lead it to believe 
that the registrant was morally unacceptable for military service. 

Procedure was established whereby records of men on parole would be 
forwarded to State Headquarters. When so forwarded, each file would con- 
tain the recommendation of the Local Board, the parole officer and, in addi- 
tion, letters from substantial citizens of the community. The State Parole 
Board would attach a suspension parole, pending the man's induction into 
service. State Headquarters would then write the military authorities re- 
questing a waiver. Through this arrangement a substantial number of men 
were inducted into the armed forces. 

During the period from October, 1940, to October, 1945, Local Boards 
requested a total of 1,573 waivers covering cases which were considered to 
have sufficient merit upon which to base an application for waiver, and 
applications were forwarded in these cases for final determination by the 



191 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

proper officer of the armed forces. Of the total number of waivers requested, 
only 314 were denied. Thus, 1,259 Illinois men, formerly unacceptable, were 
made available to the armed forces. 

In addition to the 1,259 Illinois men inducted on waiver, 3,036 prison 
inmates were paroled and released to the Armed Forces Induction Station 
(discussed fully under "Special Panel Boards" below), making a total of 
4,485 previously unacceptable men who were inducted. 

Operation of Special Panel Boards 

In a meeting with the State Director, the Commanding General of the 
Sixth Service Command (Army) expressed his approval of the plan to obtain 
additional manpower through release of worthy men confined in State prisons 
and furthermore agreed to furnish a mobile examining unit to travel to each 
institution for the purpose of determining the moral and physical qualifica- 
tions of the selected inmates. 

A conference with State parole officials brought about the appointment of 
committees to check the records of inmates who were eligible for release and 
to select those who might qualify morally for military service. (Dr. Roy G. 
Barrack, head of the State Diagnostic Depot, assisted in the determination of 
the qualifications of the inmates concerned.) 

The warden at each penal or corrective institution arranged for X-Rays 
and serological tests prior to the visit of the Sixth Service Command Mobile 
Examining Unit. The Mobile Unit, in its first examination of registrants of 
the six Special Panel Boards, examined 1,368 inmates, found 699 acceptable 
(of which 103 were denied releases by the Parole Board pending further 
study) and rejected 669 men. Each man found physically qualified by the 
Mobile Unit was furnished a certificate containing a full statement of the 
examination for the use of the medical examining staff at the armed forces 
induction station, which was the final authority on acceptance or rejection. 

The results of the examinations by the Army Mobile Unit proved so 
satisfactory that the Commanding General of the Sixth Service Command 
approved a request to send a second unit to one prison. Arrangements were 
made by the State authorities to move temporarily all selected inmates to the 
Stateville prison for the subsequently planned examination, but such plans 
had to be cancelled when the Secretary of War notified all Army service 
commands that the furnishing of such units would be discontinued. 

On receipt of this information, the State Director called a meeting of the 
original committee and State officials concerned. A new plan was initiated, 
providing for the physical examinations of inmates to be conducted by a 
group of State civilian physicians under the supervision of State Headquar- 
ters Medical Officers. To eliminate examinations of men who might not be 
eligible for waiver, the Commanding General of the Sixth Service Command 
furnished two officers to check the state prison files of all inmates considered 



1<)2 



CLASSIFICATION— SPECIAL PANEL BOARDS 

potential inductees and approve such inmates who, in their opinion, were 
entitled to a moral waiver. 

After the list of inmate potentials had been culled by the two officers from 
the Sixth Service Command, a medical examination team visited each State 
penal institution, examining 302 inmates, 207 of whom were found acceptable 
and 95 rejected. Some of the 207 acceptable men were later rejected at the 
induction station, but a number of these rejected cases were subsequently 
reviewed and the registrants were found acceptable for military service. 

SPECIAL PANEL BOARD'S FUNCTIONS AND PERSONNEL 

Organization — Special Panel Boards organized with membership consisting 
of one official of institution, one member of Local Board having jurisdic- 
tion over institution and one substantial citizen of area not previously 
connected with Selective Service. 

Registration — All inmates of institutions registered. Cell-block by cell-block 
registration by inmate registrars under supervision of prison officials and 
members of Special Panel Board. 

Classification — Cover sheets prepared for all inmates not previously regis- 
tered. Files obtained from Local Boards of jurisdiction for those pre- 
viously registered. All cases considered by Special Panel Board and 
appropriate classification given. 

Examination — Army Induction Station Mobile Unit and later special team 
of medical examiners from State and Selective Service conducted mass 
examinations. 

Waivers — Parole authorities issued special suspensions — complete discharge 
from parole after six months' satisfactory military service. 

Induction — Separate inductions for large groups of inmates. Induction direct 
into armed forces with no return to institution or granting of furlough 
period. 

Rejection — Parole after rejection by induction authorities. 

Special Panel Boards, their locations and membership were: 
Illinois State Penitentiary, Stateville-J oliet 

Frank Hill, Assistant Warden of Joliet Prison 
Clarence D. Atherton, Assistant Warden of Stateville Prison 
Steve S. Sergeant, Member of Will County Local Board 1 
Joseph S. Birsa, Member of Will County Local Board 2 
Alex Padley, Joliet businessman 

(NOTE: The above Board handled the cases of men in both the new 
prison at Stateville and the old prison at Joliet, both being under the 
direction of Warden Joseph Ragen, who freely made available the 
facilities of the hospital, X-Ray equipment and laboratories.) 



103 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

Illinois State Penitentiary, Pontiac 
Arthur Bennett, Warden 

L. W. Tuesberg, Member of Livingston County Local Board 2 
Roy G. Hershey, Pontiac businessman 

Illinois State Penitentiary, Menard 
Walter Nierstheimer, Warden 

R. A. Divers, Member of Randolph County Local Board 
R. C. Bloome, Chester businessman 

St. Charles Training School for Boys, St. Charles 

Theodore L. Sharp, St. Charles Training School Staff 
Robert F. Munn, Member of Kane County Local Board 2 
Claron Maynard, Hampshire businessman 

Cook County Jail and House of Correction, Chicago 
Frank Sain, Warden, Cook County Jail 
Dr. Andrew W. Brown, Psychiatrist 

Joseph Moudry, Member of Chicago City Local Board 111 
Dr. Milton A. Saffir, Psychiatrist 
W. C. Milota, Superintendent, House of Correction 

(NOTE: This Special Panel Board was declared inactive in 1945, no 
inmates or parolees having been inducted from this institution due to 
the shortness of confinement periods.) 

A letter to all State Directors dated November 6, 1946 (0-9-411), discon- 
tinuing all Special Panel Boards as of December 2, 1946, required that a 
report be submitted to National Headquarters listing the names of registrants 
inducted by each Special Panel Board, together with the Army Serial Num- 
ber of such registrants, if available, and the Local Boards originally having 
jurisdiction over such registrants. This report was furnished in detail as 
requested. Following is a summary of the parolees released to the Armed 
Forces Induction Station: 

PAROLEES RELEASED DIRECT FROM PENAL INSTITUTIONS 
TO ARMED FORCES 
Induction Station — 

Pontiac 607 

Stateville 174 

Menard 51 

St. Charles 35 

867 



194 



CLASSIFICATION— SPECIAL PANEL BOARDS 

PAROLEES RELEASED TO THE ARMED FORCES INDUCTION 
STATION WHILE ON PAROLE 

Induction Station — 

Pontiac 1,299 

Stateville 587 

Menard 239 

St. Charles 44 

2,169 
Total Inducted 3,036 

An analysis was made of the rejections by the Mobile Unit at Stateville, 
for the purpose of study. Following is the result: 
Total rejected remaining in institution — 299 

Nature of Rejection — Number Percentage 

Constitutional psychopathic state 139 46.5 

Physical defects 58 19.4 

Failure to pass minimum mental and literacy test. . . 51 17.1 

Inadequate personality 49 16.4 

Psychoneurosis 2 00.6 

299 100.0 c ; 

The institution at Stateville was selected for the study for the reason that 
the prisoners assigned to this institution were those whose recovery was 
"doubtful," and incorrigibles. The rejections therefore were probably higher 
than they would have been at the other institutions. 

It has been unofficially stated by the Department of Public Safety that 
approximately 100 of the parolees inducted became non-commissioned offi- 
cers, and that as of October 1, 1946, only about 50 of the 3,036 men sent to 
the armed forces had been returned to custody. Many of them achieved 
honors for outstanding records while in service. 

Class IV-H (Not Subject to Induction) 

Since Class IV- A (after November 13, 1942) was the only existing classi- 
fication based upon age, and because it then applied only to registrants 45 
years of age and over, who were not eligible for induction into military 
service, it was found necessary to establish a classification for men above the 
currently inductible age when the limit was reduced to 37 years of age. 
Class IV-H therefore established on January 1, 1943 and included men who 
had reached their thirty-eighth birthday but had not yet reached their forty- 
fifth birthday. 

After a short trial of the new classification, it was discontinued because 
of the tendency of men in Class IV-H to feel free to leave essential employ- 



195 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

ment for other work. No restriction on change of employment existed in 
Class IV-H. Consequently, effective March 6, 1943, it was determined that 
registrants between the ages of 38 and 44 years, inclusive, should be placed 
in the classifications to which they were entitled regardless of age, and be 
given the special identification "(H)" behind such classification. (For in- 
stance: if a registrant in this age group was employed in essential work on 
a farm and normally would have received a II-C classification, the new 
procedure provided that he be classified in Class II-C(H). A registrant in 
this age group who was normally available for full military duty was classified 
in Class I-A(H) , but was temporarily not eligible for selection and induction.) 
On October 5, 1944, the "(H)" designation was discontinued, and all 
men aged 38 through 44 years so classified were ordered to be reclassified 
into Class IV-A. The only exceptions were registrants of those ages eligible 
for classification in Class IV-D, Class IV-B and men in Class IV-E who were 
performing or had performed work of national importance in civilian camps. 

INVENTORY OF LOCAL BOARD CLASSIFICATIONS 

Commencing on September 15, 1943 and continuing for a period of two 
weeks, each Local Board reviewed the classification of all its registrants and 
prepared an inventory report which was submitted to the National Director. 
This inventory provided National and State Headquarters with substantial 
information upon which to base the allocation of future manpower calls. It 
also enabled State Headquarters to determine which Boards needed special 
counsel with reference to classification policies. 

PERSONAL APPEARANCES 

Every registrant, after being classified by his Local Board, was entitled 
to request (in writing) and receive a personal appearance before the Board 
for the purpose of discussing his classification. Originally, the request had to 
be submitted within five days after the date of the registrant's classification 
notice; this period was later extended to ten days. 

The granting of such personal appearance, when made by the registrant 
in writing and within the prescribed period of time, was mandatory upon the 
Local Board. This privilege applied only on original classification or when 
a registrant's classification was changed. 

In every case of such personal appearance, the Board was required to 
redetermine classification and send the registrant another notice informing 
him of the classification granted as a result of the hearing. The registrant, 
however, could not request and receive an additional personal appearance 
after being notified of the classification given him after his appearance be- 
fore the Board. 



1% 



CLASSIFICATION— MISCELLANEOUS 

While Local Boards were not required, under the regulations, to grant 
hearings to dependents and employers, most Boards were extremely con- 
siderate and generous in this matter. The attitude of these Boards was that 
it was better to take a little more time for the additional hearings and thus 
develop every possible bit of evidence than to classify solely on the testimony 
of the registrant. 

As stated in the section on occupational deferments, many Local Boards 
not only welcomed the personal appearance of employers at the Board meet- 
ings, but actually made trips to employers plants so that they (the Board 
members) might be more fully acquainted with the employers' production 
and labor problems. 

Most Local Boards were exceptionally careful to make sure that the 
registrant, or any other person entitled to appeal, understood that a "personal 
appearance" was not a formal and legal "appeal" and that the registrant or 
such other person still had the right to formal appeal if the Local Board 
declined to grant the classification requested at the hearing before the Board. 

PERMITS TO LEAVE THE UNITED STATES 

Occasionally, it was necessary for a registrant to leave the continental 
United States for the purpose of taking employment in one of the American 
Territories or some foreign country or to transact business of commercial or 
personal nature there. Such a registrant was required to apply to his Local 
Board for the necessary permit to leave the United States. 

The decision to grant or not grant the requested permit was primarily the 
responsibility of the Local Board. Such decision — as in classification deter- 
mination — was subject to appeal. 

The permit provision of the regulations thwarted many registrants who 
felt that they could successfully evade training and service by going to an- 
other country. Reciprocal arrangements with the Government of Canada also 
assisted in preventing registrants from evading service through residence in 
that country. 

<fr 



Quite Frank, We'd Say 

Here is a classified advertisement which appeared in the Aurora Beacon- 
News back in the days when thousands of American young men were giving 
up their lives in the many theaters of war throughout the world: 

"Experienced farm hand wants deferable job on farm 
near Aurora or Plainfield. Give full details. 
Address , care Beacon-News." 



197 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 







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198 






CHAPTER XV 



THE APPEAL PROCESS 

Appeals to the Board of Appeal were, as authorized in the regulations, 
taken by registrants, dependents, employers, Government Appeal Agents, the 
State Director, the National Director, as well as by other persons who had 
filed written statements pertaining to the deferment necessity of any registrant. 

A registrant, or any other person entitled to appeal the classification de- 
cision of a Local Board made his appeal by signing the appeal request on 
the registrant's questionnaire or by filing a written request for appeal — either 
action being required within the ten day appeal period (five day period in 
the early part of the Selective Service program). Such registrant, or other 
person, could then obtain the free assistance of the Government Appeal Agent 
in preparing statements and other evidence to be submitted in the appeal case. 

The State Director used his authorized right of appeal prudently. He per- 
sistently followed his policy of refraining from using his influence to obtain a 
specific classification at the Local Board level, choosing rather to use his 
authorized right of appeal whenever he differed with a Local Board and no 
other person made an appeal in the case. 

Occasionally, classification cases were brought to the attention of the 
National Director directly by registrants, employers or others, and the Na- 
tional Director found it necessary to take 25 appeals to the Board of Appeal 
during the Illinois operation. 

The Government Appeal Agent of each Local Board was required by the 
regulations to review every classification made at the Local Board level, and 
to appeal a classification wherever he felt the classification was not in ac- 
cordance with the evidence in the registrant's file. 

Local Boards were without power to deny an appeal to any person author- 
ized to make an appeal, provided the appeal (1) was made within the pre- 
scribed period and (2) was not on the sole basis of a registrant's physical 
condition. The second provision was established about the middle of 1941. 

The induction of the registrant for whom an appeal was made was auto- 
matically stayed until the appeal had been processed and the registrant and 
others concerned were properly notified of the decision on the appeal. 

After the filing of an appeal, the Local Board transmitted to the Board 
of Appeal the registrants complete file, including the report of physical 
examination and all other reports or evidence in the file. 

Appeals were handled by each Board of Appeal in the chronological order 
in which the appeals were received, a Docket Book being used to record the 
receipt of the files. If the Board of Appeal believed that additional evidence 
should be obtained, it returned the file to the Local Board with the request 



199 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

that such additional evidence be procured and the file, with the new evidence, 
returned to the Board of Appeal. 

The requirements for a legal meeting of a Board of Appeal were similar 
to those applying to a local Board: that is, three of the five members had to 
be present at a meeting in order to constitute a quorum. A majority of the 
members attending a meeting decided the vote of the Board as a whole. 

Each classification determined by a Board of Appeal was a classification 
action in itself. If a Board of Appeal affirmed the classification given by a 
Local Board, such classification was not a "continuation" of the one deter- 
mined by the Local Board but rather an entirely separate classification action. 

No personal appearances were allowed before a Board of Appeal, and 
such Board could consider only the written evidence included in the regis- 
trant's file received direct from the Local Board. 

After the Board of Appeal made and recorded its classification determi- 
nation, each registrant's appeal file was returned to the Local Board, the 
latter Board then mailing the notice of appeal classification to the registrant 
and any other person entitled to such notice, the vote of the Board of Appeal 
being shown on such notice. 

APPEALS ON PHYSICAL GROUNDS 

In the beginning, appeals were permitted from Army findings as to phys- 
ical condition. This provision brought about a confliction on several occa- 
sions between Army medical staff and civilian physicians, several times 
making it possible for a civilian physician (through his examination and 
statement in behalf of the registrant) to supersede Army authority and judg- 
ment on the matter of physical qualification for military service. 

Since this situation was believed to be contrary to the best interests of 
the Nation's military needs, and because some registrants evidently used 
the procedure as a means of evading military service, the Illinois State Di- 
rector called the matter to the attention of National Headquarters and rec- 
ommended a change in the regulations so that the Army medical authorities 
would become the final word on physical acceptability for military service. 
The National Director subsequently changed the regulations to exclude the 
right of appeal from determination of physical fitness for military service. 

SPECIAL PROBLEM ON AGRICULTURAL APPEALS 

In the spring of 1945, several of the downstate Boards of Appeal devel- 
oped an extremely liberal policy on the matter of deferment for agricultural 
registrants. When one Local Board reported that twenty out of twenty-one 
classifications had been reversed 1>\ the Board of Appeal of the area, the 
State Director felt it highly unlikely that a Local Board could go that far 
amiss in its classification actions. As a corrective action, the State Director 



200 



APPEALS 

appealed the twenty cases to the President, with the result that nineteen out 
of the twenty appeal board decisions were reversed, thus substantiating the 
judgment of the Local Board and indicating the necessity for State Head- 
quarters conference with the Board of Appeal in question. 

Subsequently, the State Director dispatched his State Legal Advisor and 
his Agricultural Advisor to the particular Board of Appeal to determine 
whether or not a prejudicial policy existed and, if so, to convince the Board 
that such policy was contrary to both the letter and the spirit of the regula- 
tions. Future decisions of that Board reflected a different attitude. 

To promote greater uniformity of consideration and decision, the State 
Director had his two executives visit every other appeal board in the State, 
and the improvement in the matter of uniformity of consideration was sub- 
sequently noted. 

APPEALS BY LAW 

Late in the Fall of 1943, senators and representatives in Washington 
received a volume of complaints from industrial employers throughout the 
country, complaining of certain procedures in the appeal system. At the 
time, the appeal of a registrant employed outside his original appeal area 
was being decided by the Board of Appeal assigned to his own Local Board. 
Employers claimed that an appeal board in another state or county, or out- 
side the area in which the industry was located, did not know the specific 
industry's needs or labor problems. As a result of these complaints, Con- 
gress enacted Public Law 197 on December 5, 1943, providing that the 
files of all registrants who had been classified in Class I-A, I-A-0 or IV-E 
following claims for occupational deferment should be forwarded, without 
regard to state, county or other boundary lines, to the Board of Appeal 
which had jurisdiction over the area in which each registrant concerned 
was employed, such appeal board to determine the classification on appeal. 
In other words, if a registrant under the jurisdiction of a Local Board in 
Cook County was employed in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, any appeal in his case 
had to be decided by the Board of Appeal at Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

The only major difficulty encountered in the determination of "principal 
place of employment" was found in the cases of merchant seamen who were, 
for the greater part of their time, on the high seas. This problem was 
finally resolved so that the "principal place of employment" was determined 
to be the city in which the administrative office of the company employing 
him was located. 

While the appeal-by-law procedure entailed considerable additional clerical 
procedure — most of such appeals being transferred to other States — it did 
provide a certain protection to both the government and the employ- 
ers concerned because of the classification being considered by a Board of 
Appeal familiar with local employment conditions in the area of employment. 



201 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



SPECIAL APPEALS OTHER THAN FROM CLASSIFICATION 

The National Director and the State Director were authorized, by the 
regulations, to appeal from any other determination of the Local Board, 
regardless of the nature of the decision. These two officials took several 
appeals from Local Board determinations in connection with requests 
for permits to leave the United States. This action was taken in cases of 
registrants who were to be sent out of the country on secret missions vital 
to the war effort. Because of the extremely confidential nature of these 
missions, the specific purpose of these trips could not be revealed to the 
Local Boards concerned. 

Outside of classification appeal, a registrant was permitted to appeal a 
Local Board determination refusing to permit registrant to leave his agri- 
cultural work (in slack season) for other work. Only a few cases of this 
type of appeal occurred during the entire Selective Service operation. 

VOLUME AND APPRAISAL OF APPEAL CASES 

Appeals taken in the early stage of Selective Service were comparatively 
light in comparison to the number of classifications being made by Local 
Boards. Registrants, dependents and employers were reluctant to make 
appeals — often in extremely urgent and worthy cases — because of the fear 
of public opinion. However, as more and more men were being inducted, 
and the withdrawal began to be felt keenly in both homes and industry, ne- 
cessity swept aside the previous reluctance with the result that the percent- 
age of appeals, as against Local Board classification actions, rose consid- 
erably. Yet, in spite of this increase in volume, the percentage of appeals 
taken in Illinois was less than the percentage in most other States and con- 
tinued to stay below the national level during the entire period of the Sys- 
tem's operation. This fact can only reflect the intense patriotism of Illinois 
residents who preferred to set aside their individual interests in favor of 
the military needs of their country. It also reflects their confidence in Se- 
lective Service administration in the State, such confidence having been 
built up by honest and intelligent performance of duty by Local Board Mem- 
bers and others connected with the System. 

Generally speaking, the Boards of Appeal in Illinois sustained the de- 
cisions of the Local Boards. Nevertheless, there were many cases in which 
the Board held a viewpoint directly opposite to that of the Local Board. 
This variance of opinion exemplified, to the fullest possible extent, the true 
spirit of democracy, the policy of traditional American justice and the 
citizen's right of individual opinion. 

The soundness of decisions by Illinois local and appeal boards is sig- 
nificantly revealed in the national statistics which show that our State con- 
sistently had the lowest number of appeals to the President out of all the 



202 



APPEALS 

larger States in the country. Only .0065% of Illinois' Boards of Appeal 
decisions were carried up to the President — the final court of judgment in 
the matter of Selective Service classification. 

Because of the shortness of the statistics on appeals, it is felt advisable 
to include such statistics in this section rather than to relegate them to the 
Appendix. 

DATA ON APPEALS TO BOARDS OF APPEAL 

(October 16, 1940 to December 31, 1946) 
Reported Actions of Boards of Appeal by Type 



(October 16, 1940 to April 30, 1942) 



Number 
of Appeals 
Type Filed 

Occupational 3,723 

Dependency 9,380 

Physical unfitness* 321 

Conscientious objection. . 162 

Miscellaneous 306 



Number 
Sustained 

2,449 
6,412 

248 
53 

187 



Number 
Reversed 

855 

2,041 

39 

22 

78 



Withdrawn 

Returned 

to LB 

116 
394 

31 

22 

33 

59f 



Pending 

403 

690 

25 

91 

16 



13,892 9,349 



3,035 



655 



1,225 



* Second edition of Regulations issued February 1, 1942 eliminated right of appeal 
from determination of physical fitness. 
t Reclassified by LB. 

Reported Actions of Boards of Appeal by Type and Origin 
(May 1, 1942 to January 31, 1944) 



Occupational 39,892 

Dependency 26,666 

Conscientious Objection 527 

Miscellaneous 2,926 



Total for period 69,732 



Registrant 32,654 

Dependent 1,174 

Gov. Appeal Agent 523 

Employer 29,487 

State Director 76 

National Director 6 

Other 3,812 



Total for period 69,732 



203 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

ANALYSIS OF APPEALS AS TO ORIGIN, GROUNDS, DISPOSITION 

(February 1, 1944 to December 31, 1946) 

Appeals pending February 1, 1944 5,970 

Total appeals taken by registrant 7,620 

Total appeals taken by dependent 413 

Total appeals taken by employer 31,578 

Total appeals taken by Government Appeal Agent 346 

Total appeals taken by State Director 282 

Total appeals taken by National Director 19 

Total appeals taken by others 228 

Total appeals by law 104,175 

Total Appeals 150,591 

Occupational Grounds: 

Total Local Board classifications sustained 22,319 

Total Local Board classifications changed 10,950 

Total Appeals on Occupational Grounds 33,269 

Hardship: 

Total Local Board classifications sustained 3,192 

Total Local Board classifications changed 896 

Total Appeals on Dependency Grounds 4,088 

Conscientious Objection: 

Total Local Board classifications sustained 17 

Total Local Board classifications changed 79 

Total Appeals on Grounds of Conscientious Objection. . 126 

Other Grounds : 

Total Local Board classifications sustained 266 

Total Local Board classifications changed Ill 

Total Appeals on Other Gcounds HO 

Appeals by Law: 

Total Local Board classifications sustained 92.900 

Total Local Board classifications changed 8,500 

Total Appeals by Law 101,400 

TOTAL CLASSIFICATIONS BY APPEAL BOARDS 139.293 



(Carried forward to next page 



204 



APPEALS 



(Carried forward from preceding page) 

TOTAL CLASSIFICATIONS BY APPEAL BOARDS 139,293 

Appeals Withdrawn or Returned Without Action : 

Occupational grounds 4,109 

Dependency grounds 1,000 

Conscientious objection 26 

Other grounds 1,036 

Appeals by law 5,092 

Total 11,263 

TOTAL APPEALS DISPOSED OF 150,556 

TOTAL APPEALS PENDING DECEMBER 31, 1946 35 

GRAND TOTAL FOR PERIOD 150.591 

October 1, 1940 to April 30, 1942 13,892 

May 1, 1942 to January 31, 1944 69,732 

February 1, 1944 to December 31, 1946. .150,591 

234,215 
Total— Oct. 1940— Dec. 1946 234,215 



APPEAL TO THE PRESIDENT 

Originally, an appeal could be taken to the President from a Board of 
Appeal determination only on the grounds of dependency, and then only 
when the members of the Board of Appeal were not unanimous in their 
decision. Such appeal had to be made in writing by the registrant, a de- 
pendent of the registrant, or the Government Appeal Agent, within five 
days of the mailing of the notice showing the classification granted by the 
Board of Appeal. The Local Board could, for good reason, grant an exten- 
sion of this appeal period. 

On March 21, 1941, appeals to the President were liberalized so as to 
allow a ten-day period for taking the appeal and to permit the National 
Director of Selective Service, or the State Director, to take an appeal to the 
President from any determinattion of a Board of Appeal whenever it was 
deemed to be in the national interest, or necessary to avoid an injustice. 
Thus, in any case, whether or not dependency was involved, and whether or not 
the decision of the Board of Appeal was unanimous, a registrant, employer 
or other person concerned could bring the case to the attention of the State 
or National Director for review and possible appeal action. 

When an authorized appeal to the President was made, the Local Board 
forwarded the registrant's complete file to State Headquarters (Legal Di- 



20. r ) 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

vision) where the file was recorded and then forwarded to the Director of 
Selective Service at Washington, D. C. 

The President had delegated his power of decision on Presidential ap- 
peals to the National Director of Selective Service, and the National Direc- 
tor assigned a number of officers to study each appeal case and make their 
recommendation to him as to decision, noting special phases of each case 
in which might require his personal study. After classification was deter- 
mined on a Presidential appeal, the file, including the decision, was returned 
to the Local Board through the State Director's office. A classification thus 
determined was not subject to further appeal. 

Occasionally, when a unanimous decision by the Board of Appeal pre- 
vented a registrant, dependent, employer or Government Appeal Agent from 
taking an appeal to the President, the case was brought to the attention 
of the State Director. If the evidence in the case convinced him that an 
injustice might be done to the government, a registrant, dependent or em- 
ployer, the State Director requested a Presidential appeal. 

As stated in the section pertaining to Boards of Appeal, only .0065% of 
the decisions of Illinois Boards of Appeal were appealed to the President. 
The following statistics apply to those cases: 



ILLINOIS APPEALS TO THE PRESIDENT 





Na- 
tional State 
Director Director 


Regis- 
trant 


Regis- 
trant's 

De- 
pendent 


Em- 
ployer 


Gov't 
Appeal 
Agent 


TOTAL 

to 
Dec. 31. 

1946 


1941 


2 


16 


35 








15 


68 


1942 


22 


201 


108 


7 





95 


433 


1943 


21 


195 


69 


8 


28 





321 


1944 


23 


232 


29 


1 


84 





369 


1945 


17 


110 


22 


1 


127 





277 


1946 


6 


38 


3 





7 





54 


Total 


91 


792 


266 


17 


246 


110 


1,522 



&■ 



Two C or Not Two C 

Tazewell County Local Board 1 reported early in 1946 that they had re- 
ceived hundreds of requests for "farm deferment" but none so striking as that 
received from one of their registrants who had been committed to the Illinois 
State Prison Farm at Vandalia. The registrant wrote: "I'll be at the State 
Farm until December 1, so you should give me a farm deferment until then." 
The Board told us that the registrant was "deferred on the farm" — but by 
the judge in the case, not the Local Board. 



206 



CHAPTER XVI 



MEDICAL ASPECTS OF SELECTIVE SERVICE 

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION PROCEDURE 

During the summer and early fall of 1940, when the Selective Training 
and Service Act was being considered as a bill in Congress, it was antici- 
pated that the physical examination of registrants at the Local Board level 
should be a physical inspection rather than a complete examination. (In 
the draft procedure of World War I, the registrant was given a complete 
physical examination by the Local Board Examining Physician and, if 
found physically qualified at that level, the registrant was inducted into the 
Army by the Local Board itself.) As consideration of the training and serv- 
ice bill progressed in Congress, the idea developed that men selected for 
induction should not be considered for induction until its was determined 
whether or not such men were acceptable to the armed forces. It was finally 
determined that the physical examination by the Local Board Examining 
Physician would be complete and in accordance with the physical standards 
used by the Army at the induction station. 

The Examining Physicians were directed to make a complete examina- 
tion of each registrant and to record all minor defects as well as disquali- 
fying defects in the appropriate parts of the Report of Physical Examination 
(DSS Form 200). The scope of the examination included questioning re- 
garding the registrant's past and present physical condition. His mental 
characteristics and speech were observed. The possibility of malingering 
was borne in mind at all stages of the examination. When in doubt regard- 
ing the disqualifying degree of a physical or mental defect, the Examining 
Physician requested the Local Board to refer the registrant to the Medical 
Advisory Board for a special examination and recommendation. (Registrants 
could likewise be forwarded to the nearest Medical Advisory Board when- 
ever either the Local Board or the Government Appeal Agent was dissatis- 
fied with the Examining Physician's findings.) 

Naturally, all of the Local Board Examining Physicians were not thor- 
oughly acquainted with the detailed physical standards of the Army and, 
in spite of their being provided with the governing regulations pertaining 
to such physical standards, there was a widespread tendency to pass or 
reject registrants on the basis of individual professional opinions as to fit- 
ness rather than applying strictly the standards established by the Army. 
In other cases, the civilian physician simply did not have the time to devote 
to a careful and complete examination as required by the Army. The result 
was a substantial percentage of rejections at the Army induction stations. 
However, as the Local Board Examining Physicians became more familiar 



207 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



with the physical standards of the Army, and applied those standards in their 
examinations of registrants, the percentage of rejections at the induction sta- 
tions decreased measurably. 

Under this original system of physical examination, unless there was 
reason for deferment, the Local Board classified a registrant in Class I-A 
if the Board's Examining Physician found the registrant fit for military serv- 
ice. The registrant's call for induction would occur anywhere from several 
weeks to several months after the first examination — depending on his 
Board's induction calls and his order number. If, on submission for induc- 
tion, the registrant was found physically and mentally qualified by the 
medical officers at the induction station, the registrant was immediately in- 
ducted and forwarded to a reception center. If the medical officers found 
him not qualified, he was rejected and given his transportation home. 

The net result of this first system was that a considerable number of 
registrants, having been ordered to report for induction, quit their jobs, 
settled their civilian affairs (many of them were given "going away" parties 
and presents) and left home prepared to enter the Army. Having been 
found fit by one doctor, they were surprised to be told by another doctor 
that were not physically qualified for military service. This created not 
only confusion and personal embarrassment for the registrant, himself, but 
also created public dissatisfaction. The public did not object to the high 
physical standards of the Army, but they did object to the contradictory 
procedure which created personal embarrassment and, at times, economic 
hardship. 

At the outset, only one Examining Physician was appointed for each 
Local Board. However, as the physical examination load increased, addi- 
tional Examining Physicians and Dentists were appointed. Physical examina- 
tions of registrants were usually done at the office of the Examining Phv- 
sician, a sample of the registrant's blood taken at the time — for serological 
test. The burden in connection with serological tests became so great that 
it became necessary to make special arrangements for such tests. Dr. Roland 
R. Cross, Director of Public Health, State of Illinois, and Dr. Herman N. 
Bundesen, President of the Chicago Board of Health, agreed to furnish, 
without charge, serological reports on all blood specimens submitted for 
registrants of this State. The contributions of these two health officers did 
much to expedite the physical examination process and make registrants 
available for military service. 

By early 1942, the volume of examinations in urban centers increased to 
such a proportion that the Local Board Examining Physicians found it im- 
possible to keep abreast of their current load. On March 23. 1942 — under the 
supervision of Maj. E. Mann Hartlett. the State Medical Officer at that time — 
streamlined "group examination stations" were set up in Chicago and, later, in 
several cities downstate. These stations were staffed l»\ a number of volnn- 



208 



MEDICAL ASPECTS— PHYSICAL EXAMINATION 



teer medical and dental specialists and laboratory technicians. One Chicago 
station alone was equipped to examine up to 1,000 registrants daily, and 
actually exceeded this number some days. Here again, Dr. Herman N. Bunde- 
sen placed the facilities of the Board of Health at the disposal of Selective 
Service, and set up a physical examination station in the Board's office. 
This examining station was manned by physicians attached to the Board 
of Health and, for a considerable period of time, examined up to 700 regis- 
trants daily. 

The advantages of group examination stations were proved by the fact 
that 165 physicians and dentists, aided by five laboratory technicians, han- 
dled all the physical examinations (Local Board level) in Chicago, while 
over 2,000 physicians and dentists had been required previously for the 
examinations conducted on the individual Local Board basis. In addition, 
it can be said that the quality of the physical examination was better than 
under the original system. 



DATA ON CHICAGO GROUP EXAMINATION STATIONS 

Daily 
No. of Capacity 

Physicians* (No. of 

Station and Dentists Registrants) 

Chicago Board of Health, 54 W. Hubbard St.— 

Dr. Henry C. Niblack, chairman 9 600 

Pulaski Park Field House, 1419 Blackhawk St.— 

Dr. John F. Tenczar, chairman 12 2,325 

Sherman Park Field House, 52nd and Racine Ave. — 

Dr. J. H. F. O'Neil, chairman 27 1,700 

Columbus Park Field House, Central and Congress — 

Dr. John Peters, chairman 14 2,195 

Grand Crossing Park Field House, 77th and Ingleside — 

Dr. Frank J. Norton, chairman 20 1,740 

Washington Park Field House, 5601 South Parkway — 

Dr. Robert D. Douglass, chairman 19 1,575 

Portage Park Field House, Berteau and Central — 

Dr. Sol. M. Goldberger 18 2,211 

West Town (for suburban Cook County Local Boards) , 

Cicero Stadium, 1905 S. 52nd Ave., Cicero — 

Dr. Hugh Leaf, chairman 8 300 



* Supported by laboratory technicians, Local Board clerks and volunteer clerks from 
service clubs, etc. 



209 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



EXAMINATIONS MADE 



Station 
Chicago Board of Health — 

(Discontinued in Sept., 1942) 
Pulaski Park Field House — 



Sherman Park Field House 



Columbus Park Field House- 



Grand Crossing Park Field House- 



Washington Park Field House- 



Portage Park Field House- 



Examinations Made 
1942— 32,249 



West Town — 



1942— 
1943— 
1944— 
1942— 
1943— 
1944— 
1942- 
1943— 
1944- 
1942— 
1943— 
1944— 

1942— 
1943— 
1944^- 
1942— 
1943— 
194 
1942-1944 



26,498 
46,746 

1,308 
24,158 
33,165 
722 
26.809 
49.597 

1,511 
33,160 
44,668 

1,230 
11,235 
30,140 

1,170 
23,040 
43,299 

1,430 

4,875 



Repeat 

Blood Tests 



386 



866 



1,279 



1,381 



1,050 



415 



Totals 
32,249 



74,938 
58,911 
79,196 
80,439 
43,595 



68,184 
4,875 



Totals 437,010 5,377 442,387 

Changes in Physical Examination Procedure 

In December of 1941, the procedure was changed so that registrants were 
sent to the induction station for physical examination and then, if found 
acceptable, were returned home for a period of ten days. This period gave 
the registrant time to adjust his personal affairs before reporting for in- 
duction into military service. 

The next change came in March of 1942, at which time the new procedure 
was to induct all examinees found qualified and immediately forward 
them to the Army Reception Center. However, emergency physical exami- 
nations were occasionally permitted prior to the date of induction in cases 
where special arrangements had to be made for the registrants family, or 
if a business had to be liquidated or otherwise turned over to other manage- 
ment in the event of the registrant's induction. 

A further change took place in May of 1943 when the procedure was 
modified so that a registrant found acceptable for service was given the 
option of requesting temporary transfer to the Enlisted Reserve Corps, with 
a period of seven days furlough in which to adjust his personal affairs. On 
July 1, 1943, the furlough period was increased to fourteen days, a further 



210 



MEDICAL ASPECTS— PHYSICAL EXAMINATION 

extension to twenty-one days taking effect two months afterward. 

On January 6, 1944, a new system of preinduction physical examination 
and induction was announced, to take effect on February 1, 1944. Under 
the new system, a registrant found acceptable for military service was 
mailed a Certificate of Fitness (DDS Form 218) by his Local Board, and 
his induction could not properly take place until twenty-one days had 
elapsed after the date of mailing such Certificate. Furthermore, if such regis- 
trant was not called for induction within ninety days after the date of his 
preinduction physical examination, he could not be inducted until after 
he had been given another preinduction examination and an additional 
twenty-one days had elapsed after the date of mailing his new Certificate of 
Fitness. 

At the same time, the "screening" examinations at the Local Board level 
were discontinued except in case where the registrant had an obvious phys- 
ical defect, such as blindness, an amputation, serious deformity, etc. 



SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM 



App. not req. 

ORIGINAL 




CERTIFICATE OF FITNESS 



(Local Board dat< 



(Order number) 



(First name) (Middle name) (LaBt name) 

I hereby certify that the above-named registrant has been given a preinduction physical examination 
and found: 

1. □ Physically fit, acceptable for general military service. 

2. □ Physically fit, acceptable for limited military service. 

3. □ Rejected, physically unfit. 

4. □ Rejected, physically fit but unacceptable for other reasons. 



Name . 



Rank ... 
Station 



Induction Station Commander. 



CERTIFICATE OF FITNESS— FORM 218 

After each registrant was physically examined at the induction station, 
he received the above report on his examination. If he had been found 
fit for military service, his Local Board could not send him for induction 
until 21 days had elapsed after the mailing date of the Certificate of 
Fitness. 



211 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



Physical Standards 

The Selective Service regulations provided that men determined to be 
available for military service should be placed in two classes (1) those 
physically fit for full general military duty and (2) those who, by reason 
of some minor defect, were fit only for limited military service. 

The objective of the physical examination at the Local Board level was 
to determine whether or not registrants were physically and mentally fit 
for the rigors of general military service. The plain instructions were: "The 
registrant must be able to see well; have comparatively good hearing; have 
a heart able to withstand the stress of physical exertion: must be intelligent 
enough to understand and execute military maneuvers, obey commands and 
protect himself; and be able to transport himself by walking as the exigencies 
of military life may demand." 

General duty men were required to pass a strict examination and had 
to be in excellent physical and mental condition in order to be found ac- 
ceptable for such duty. 

Limited duty men had to be mentally sound, but allowances were made 
for certain minor defects which would not prevent these men from perform- 
ing limited military duty such as clerical work, medical orderly duties, and 
other light duty. Most of the allowed minor defects were found in the 
vision, teeth, bone structure, hearing, skin and varicose veins. Most of the 
limited service men were placed in that classification by reason of defects 
in vision, bone structure defects being next. 

From time to time, there were minor changes in the physical standards 
for qualification for limited military service, and space does not permit 
going into the details of these many changes. Toward the end of the war. 
when the shortage of military manpower became genuinely acute, the Army 
relaxed considerably in certain of its physical standards and permitted the 
induction of men with defects which previously had caused their rejection. 

Medical Circular No. 1 was issued by Selective Service National Head- 
quarters on November 7, 1940. Its purpose was to present to Examining 
Physicians (the great majority of whom were not psychiatrists by profes- 
sion) the methods by which they might suspect the existence of incapacitating 
mental and personality factors in registrants. In cases of sound suspicion, 
such registrants could be rejected immediately at the Local Board level or 
be referred to the Psychiatric Member of a Medical Advisory Board for 
more qualified examination. 

It was felt that the screening out of the mentally unfit should begin at 
the time the registrant appeared for the Local Board physical examination. 
In many cases, the knowledge which the Local Board and the Examining 
Physician had regarding the registrant and his circumstances would greatl) 
assist in reaching a wise decision as to his acceptability tor military service. 

(Con tinned on page 215) 



212 



MEDICAL ASPECTS— PHYSICAL EXAMINATION 

REPORT OF PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS 
OF ILLINOIS SELECTIVE SERVICE REGISTRANTS OF ALL AGES 

l By Principal Defect of Examined Registrants) 
1940 — 1944* 





Total 

Physically 
Examined 


RESULT OF EXAMINATION 


Defect 


Fit for 
General 
Service 


Fit for 
Limited 
Service 


Disquali- 
fied 


Total 


151.347 

11,449 

4,511 

6.937 

799 
2.445 

775 
1,342 
3.649 
5,749 
68 
4.836 

921 
1,717 
2.614 
2.122 

489 
1,715 

861 
2,395 
2.536 
8,986 
2,439 
9,258 
7.655 

960 

955 

105 
3.653 

678 
58,728 


91,093 

3.165 
958 

2.963 
587 

1,662 
713 
172 

1.268 

1,152 

3 

957 

138 

519 

2.000 
737 
254 

1.280 
563 

1,543 

18 

142 

64 

2,835 

6.785 
138 
370 

1,409 

13 

58.685 


16,596 

5,793 

422 

2,873 

72 

330 

25 

144 

141 

523 

9 

1.790 

128 

102 

314 

396 

136 

112 

89 

117 

17 

112 

165 

1,440 

421 

102 

96 

36 

662 

1 

28 


43,658 
2.491 




3,131 


Teeth 


1,101 




140 




453 


Throat 


37 




1.026 




2,240 




4,074 


Blood 

Hernia 


.56 
2.089 




655 


Abdominal \ iscera 


1.096 




300 


Syphilis 


989 


Gonorrhea 

Skin 


99 
323 


Hemorrhoids 


209 


Varicose Veins 


735 


Mental and Educational Deficiency"".. 
Mental Disease 


2.501 
8.732 


Neurological 


2.210 


Musculoskeletal 


4,983 
449 


Feet 


Endocrine 


720 




489 


Infections 


69 




1,582 
664 


Non-Medical Reason^ 




15 







* Based on approximately a 20% sample of DSS Forms 200 (Report of Physical 
Examination) for the period of November, 1940 to September, 1941. inclusive, and DSS 
Forms 221 (Report of Physical Examination and Induction) for the period of April, 1942 
to December, 1944, inclusive. Does not include reports of second or subsequent examina- 
tions of registrants — to avoid possible duplication of data. 

** "Mental and Educational Deficiency" includes registrants recorded as "educationally 
deficient" prior to June 1, 1943, and as "failing to meet minimum intelligence standards" 
after that date. It also include- moron-, imbeciles, idiots and those with unspecified 
mental deficiencies. 



213 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

REPORT OF PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS 
OF ILLINOIS SELECTIVE SERVICE REGISTRANTS OF ALL AGES 

(All Recorded Defects of Examined Registrants) 
1940 — 1944* 



Defect 



Total 

Physically 
Examined 



RESULT OF EXAMINATION 



Fit for 
General 

Service 



Fit for 
Limited 
Service 



Disquali- 
fied 



Total Defects 

Eyes 

Ears 

Teeth 

Mouth and Gums 

Nose and Sinus 

Throat 

Lungs and Pleura 

Tuberculosis 

Cardiovascular 

Blood 

Hernia 

Kidney and Urinary 

Abdominal Viscera 

Genitalia 

Syphilis 

Gonorrhea 

Skin 

Hemorrhoids 

Varicose Veins 

Mental and Educational Deficiency 

Mental Disease 

Neurological 

Musculoskeletal 

Feet 

Endocrine 

Neoplasms 

Infections 

Weight and Other Medical 

Non-Medical Reasons 



144,840 

16,172 

6,906 

11,416 

3,114 

5,775 

2,443 

1,928 

4,247 

6,977 

105 

8,214 

1,102 

3,039 

5,995 

3,143 

753 

4,738 

2,414 

3,636 

2,967 

9,772 

2,805 

12,454 

12,938 

1,580 

1,668 

151 

7,672 

716 



54,453 

4,730 

2,052 

5,676 

1,481 

3,292 

1,441 

281 

1,332 

1,387 

5 

2,283 

153 

937 

3,928 

860 

282 

2,823 

1,288 

1,984 

26 

211 

88 

3,825 

9,301 

255 

754 

2 

3,763 

13 



27,966 

6,294 
907 

3,653 
752 

1,201 
531 
263 
206 
888 
16 

2,406 
153 
526 

1,043 
494 
193 
943 
517 
463 
72 
291 
221 

2,293 

1,859 

290 

222 

38 

1,225 
6 



62,421 

5,148 

3,947 

2,087 

881 

1,282 

471 

1,384 

2,709 

4,702 

84 

3,525 

796 

1,576 

1,024 

1,789 

278 

972 

609 

1,189 

2,869 

9,270 

2,496 

6,336 

1,778 

1,035 

692 

111 

2,684 

697 



* Based on approximately a 20% sample of DSS Forms 200 (Report of Physical 
Examination) for the period of November, 1940 to September, 1941, inclusive, and DSS 
Forms 221 (Report of Physical Examination and Induction) for the period of April, 1942 
to December, 1944, inclusive. Does not include reports of second or subsequent examina- 
tions of registrants — to avoid possible duplication of data. 

** "Mental and Educational Deficiency" includes registrants recorded as "educationally 
deficient" prior to June 1, 1943, and as "failing to meel minimum intelligence standards" 
after that date. It also includes morons, imbeciles, idiots and those 'with unspecified 
mental deficiencies. 



214 



MEDICAL ASPECTS-REHABILITATION 



(Continued from page 212) 

It was logical to eliminate, as early as possible, these individuals who would 
most probably develop various types of mental disorder or personality dis- 
turbance when they were introduced into the unfamiliar environment of a 
military life with its necessary regimentation, close contact with strangers, 
separation from their families and their inability to escape without fear of 
grave penalties. 

On December 30, 1940 — after the appearance of several cases of fraud 
in physical examination by sending substitutes who were not in good phys- 
ical condition, the State Director had to request Examining Physicians to 
compare the registrant's description and signature on the registration cer- 
tificate (DSS Form 2) with those of the person being examined. No further 
cases of this type of fraud were reported thereafter. 

GOVERNOR'S REHABILITATION PROGRAM 

Many selectees were rejected for military service because of physical de- 
fects which were considered correctible. The Army, itself, could not induct 
these men and do the corrective surgery later. Hence, such rejected regis- 
trants could be made available for service if remedial care were arranged. 

Because most of the registrants could not afford the corrective surgery, 
or medical care, Gov. Dwight H. Green, in full cooperation with the State 
Director of Selective Service, organized the State Departments of Public 
Health, Public Welfare and Registration and Education into an agency for 
the rehabilitation of Selective Service registrants who had been rejected for 
military service by reason of certain correctible defects. The program was 
inaugurated on December 1, 1942. 

The objectives of the program were: 

1. The correction of physical and mental defects which, upon satisfactory 
correction, would enable the acceptance for service in the armed 
forces of a registrant who would otherwise be found "non-acceptable"; 

2. The correction of certain defects so that the rejected registrant might 
directly support the war effort through being able more fully to apply 
his efforts through war industry. 

Governor Green made available the facilities and personnel in ten State 
institutions, and private hospitals and their physicians, surgeons and den- 
tists were invited to participate in the rehabilitation program on a volunteer 
basis. The response from these invitations was most gratifying, for a total 
of one hundred fifty beds throughout the entire State were made available 
and ear-marked for the service of this program. 

Neuropsychiatric, medical and surgical defects were rehabilitated in 
the following nineteen hospitals and in the Medical Colleges of Northwestern 



215 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



University, University of Chicago. Loyola University and the University of 
Illinois: 

Peoria State Hospital Lincoln State School and Colony Hospital 

M ante-no State Hospital Dixon State Hospital 

Anna State Hospital Alton State Hospital 

Chicago State Hospital Elgin State Hospital 

East Moline State Hospital Illinois Research and Educational Hospital 

Michael Reese Hospital Wesley Memorial Hospital 

Cook County Hospital Mount Sinai Hospital 

Albert Merritt Billings Hospital University Hospital 

Evanston Hospital Kankakee Hospital 

Jacksonville Hospital 

The services of the participating hospitals, physicians, surgeons and den- 
tists were rendered without expense to the registrant. The round-trip trans- 
portation expense to the rehabilitation facility was the only obligation placed 
upon the registrant. 

Arrangements were made with the induction station to forward lists of 
rejected selectees (and the reasons for their rejections) to the Chicago office 
of State Headquarters where the lists were carefully screened by the Medical 
Division. Local Boards were then sent the names of those registrants with 
defects considered correctible and for whom rehabilitation could be arranged. 

If a registrant requested correction of a defect, the Local Board clerk 
would obtain essential information, including full details of financial re- 
sources, hospital insurance, etc. I In Cook County, this function was per- 
formed by the Social Services unit.) Free medical care was arranged only 
in such cases where the registrant was found to be unable to assume the cost 
himself. In areas where it was possible to do so, each registrant selected 
was given the opportunity to select a hospital of his choice from the available 
list. 

A total of 2,174 men throughout the State were given surgery and med- 
ical care for the correction of physical defects. 1 ,552 of such number having 
been cared for in Cook County. 

Thus, through the help of Governor Green and the cooperation of the 
participating hospitals and physicians, many Illinois men who might other- 
wise have been denied the privilege of military service were given the oppor- 
tunity to serve their country in its time of need. 

ILLITERACY 

During the first six months after inductions commenced under Selective 
Service, the \rm\ was confronted with the problem of training and integrat- 
ing approximately 60,000 illiterates who had been inducted. These men 



216 



MEDICAL ASPECTS— ILLITERACY 



had been accepted because they were physically fit and could generally 
understand simple verbal orders given in English. Training was greatly 
hindered by the inability of these illiterates to read or understand instruc- 
tions and orders of the slightest complexity. Their judgment, even in ex- 
tremely simple situations, was poor. The burden of the general education of 
these men was heavy; the Army did not have the personnel, facilities or time 
for such a function. Consequently, after April 13, 1941, the Army required 
that all registrants reporting for physical examinations should be tested for 
their literacy. It became necessary for such registrants to be able to read 
and write and to compute on the fourth grade educational level in order to 
qualify educationally for military service. 

For a time after this declaration of Army policy, the determination of 
literacy was left to the Local Board Examining Physician. He made a rough 
estimate of what constituted a fourth grade education and, tending to be 
strict, the result was that greater numbers of men were deferred because 
of literacy than were actually warranted. This administrative deficiency 
was corrected with the transferring of physical examination function from 
the Local Board to the armed forces induction stations, where the literacy 
examinations were made by psychiatrists and psychologists. 

Because of the increased need for manpower, the Army, beginning August 
1, 1942, liberalized its regulations regarding the acceptance of illiterates and 
placed a daily percentage limitation on such type of inductees. These par- 
ticular inductees were used mainly for manual labor, a type of military 
service which experienced considerable demand at that time. The lowering 
of the Army's literacy standards, however, applied only to those men in- 
ducted through Selective Service; the standards for enlistees were main- 
tained on the higher level. 

Cook County Educational Rehabilitation Program 

In the field of illiterate registrants, Illinois Selective Service pioneered 
with an experimental literacy school project for men rejected at the induc- 
tion station for failure to meet the prescribed Army literacy test. It was 
felt that, in the short literacy course, these men could be given sufficient 
general education and specialized training to enable them to pass the test 
upon resubmission to the induction station. 

Accordingly, on September 8 and 15, 1942, conferences were held at 
the office of the Chicago Board of Education, attended by the State Direc- 
tor and the Assistant State Director representing the Selective Service Sys- 
tem and Major Robert II. Owen of National Headquarters; the Superin- 
tendent of Chicago Schools, the Dean of Adult Education and a number of 
adult education teachers for the Board of Education; Army representatives 
from the Adjutant General's Office, the Medical Corps and the Manpower 
Branch: a representative from the United States Commission on Education. 
The Chicago Board of Education agreed to provide qualified teachers (one 



217 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

for every fifteen students) and also to arrange for suitable meeting places 
at convenient places in the Chicago area where classes could be held. 

Chicago Local Boards submitted to the Assistant State Director the 
names and addresses of registrants rejected for illiteracy, a total of 665 Chi- 
cago registrants having been rejected for that cause at the time. 

Class rooms were established at the following locations in Chicago: 

1. Abraham Lincoln Center, Oakwood Boulevard and Langley Avenue 

2. South Parkway Center, 5120 South Parkway 

3. Kosciusko Park Field House, 2732 North Avers Avenue 

4. Gage Park Field House, 55th Street and Western Avenue 

5. Olivet Institute, 1441 North Cleveland Avenue 

6. South Chicago Community Center, 9135 Brandon Avenue 

7. Crane Technical High School, 2245 West Jackson Boulevard 

The first class meeting was somewhat of a disappointment, for the only 
registrants attending were those who had received their notices and had taken 
the notices to their respective Local Board offices for explanation. A large 
number of the literacy school announcement notices were returned unclaimed. 
However, through the volunteer help of several investigators attached to the 
Social Services Unit, many of the "missing" registrants were found and en- 
rolled in the school. All enrollments were on a voluntary basis. 

Originally, it was proposed that the Army furnish several hundred text- 
books, "The Soldier's Reader" for use in the literacy classes. It developed, 
however, that these text books were not available, and the adult education 
system that was being used in the Chicago public schools was adopted. 

During the first term of approximately ten weeks duration, there were 
fourteen evening classes in the seven literacy schools. Classes were held from 
7:00 to 8:30 p.m. three evenings a week. By February 24, 1943, twenty-seven 
men had been informally graduated from the school and inducted into the 
Army, while thirty-eight more registrants attained acceptable literacy stand- 
ards and reported to the Local Boards for examination and induction — a 
total of sixty-five men salvaged for the armed forces within five months' time. 

A complete check and record of attendance was kept by the Selective 
Service System. Absenteeism was promptly followed up by letter. It was 
significant that some of these absentees answered these letters in their own 
handwriting whereas, before starting the classes, many of these same men 
could not sign their own names. Many employers cooperated willingly on the 
matters of adjusting working hours so that illiterate registrants in their 
employ could take advantage of the opportunity to improve themselves. 

Out of the total of the reported 665 illiterate registrants in Chicago, 337 
attended classes at the literacy school; 182 others were otherwise disqualified 
mentally; 54 were employed evenings and could not attend; 24 registrants 
were employed out of town; 27 were physically disqualified; 18 could not be 
located; the remainder were over age, in jail or in mental institutions. 



218 



MEDICAL ASPECTS— MEDICAL SURVEY PROGRAM 

On March 29, 1944, a formal graduation of students took place in the 
auditorium at 185 North Wabash Avenue, Chicago. Diplomas were distrib- 
uted to the forty-five students who had successfully completed a course 
equivalent to the first four years of elementary school. The auditorium was 
filled to capacity by educators, military personnel, fellow-students, relatives 
and friends of the graduates. 

The Educational Rehabilitation Program was successful not only because 
it recovered men for the armed forces but also because of its inspiration and 
influence in the self-improvement of illiterate citizens. Also, the success of 
the Program in Chicago led to the establishment of a similar school by the 
Army at Fort Sheridan, Illinois, for the purpose of advancing the literacy of 
untutored soldiers. 

Particular thanks are due on the part of the Selective Service System and 
the Army to Dr. William H. Johnson, former Superintendent of the Chicago 
Public Schools, to Mr. James T. Gaffney, Assistant Superintendent, to Miss 
Frances K. Wetmore, Dean of Adult Education whose system of adult edu- 
cation was used in the literacy schools, and to the highly competent teachers 
under whose earnest and patient guidance, many students of the Selective 
Service literacy school found new avenues of life opened to them through 
educational improvement. 

MEDICAL SURVEY PROGRAM DEVELOPED 

Psychoneurosis was not a new wartime problem, for it had appeared in 
World War I as "shell shock" and later as "war neurosis." The cost of 
treatment of psychoneurosis cases after 1913 and 1919 had been tremendous 
— well in excess of over one billion dollars, or $30,000 per patient for dis- 
ability compensation and hospital treatment of this particular group prior to 
our entry into World War II. In 1940, of the ninety hospitals then operated 
by the Veterans Administration. Twenty-seven of such hospitals were occupied 
by neuropsychiatric patients who composed one-half of all the veterans hos- 
pitalized at that time. 

Emotional stability is a prime requisite for the combatant soldier, and it 
is also essential to the mass or group living that is necessary in military 
training. Countless registrants who were fully able to live stably in the 
privacy and routine of civilian life were found not to be able to adjust them- 
selves to military life with its speed, tension, necessary sudden changes and 
group living. World War I taught us a great lesson through the emotionally 
unstable (psychoneurotic) men who were sent into battle and, under unusual 
strain, cracked mentally and often unintentionally endangered the lives of 
their comrades, not to say the success of military undertakings. 

Because the importance of emotional stability had been so thoroughly 
proved, the armed forces determined that, in World War II, every possible 
precautionary measure would be taken to screen out men whose emotional 



219 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

instability of varying degrees would constitute not only a hazard but a waste 
of military time in useless training, hospitalization and handling of men who 
could not satisfactorily adjust themselves to military life — in either camp or 
combat. 

Because of the shortage of psychiatrists (a maximum of approximately 
4,000 practicing in the entire United States), it was determined in the early 
part of the Selective Service program that psychiatric examinations would 
be concentrated at the induction stations, although one or more psychiatrists 
was attached to each Medical Advisory Board to pass on special cases sent to 
these Boards. 

The rejection of registrants for military service because of psychiatric 
defects during the peacetime period was 3.9 per cent, but this figure jumped 
to 6 per cent in wartime. Neuropsychiatry defects were accounting for ap- 
proximately 40 per cent of the disability discharges of the Army. Because 
of this situation, a conference of representatives of the armed forces, medical, 
welfare, and educational institutions, and the psychiatric profession was held 
to formulate a plan which would screen out, to the greatest extent possible, 
registrants with psychiatric defects prior to their being examined at the in- 
duction stations. As the result, on October 2, 1943, the Medical Survey Pro- 
gram was established under the sponsorship of the Medical Division of the 
Selective Service System. 

This program sought to provide the armed forces with adequate medical, 
social and educational histories on each registrant by the time he was sub- 
mitted to the induction station for preinduction physical examination. Med- 
ical Field Agents, assigned to the various Local Boards, were to obtain from 
schools, physicians, social service agencies, hospitals, clinics, employees and 
correctional institutions the desired information if it was available. This 
would help — more effectively than before — to screen out the unsuspected 
registrants suffering from nervous and mental diseases and personality dis- 
orders. 

Activities of the Program in Illinois 

The first step toward activating the Medical Survey Program in Illinois, 
as outlined in Medical Circular No. 4 (dated October 18, 1943) was the 
appointment of a Medical Survey Advisor to the State Director. From a 
broad field of competent and able men, the State Director appointed Dr. 
David Slight, then Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Chicago and 
President of the Illinois Society for Mental Hygiene, to such post. By reason 
of his record of achievement in the field of psychiatry, his wide association 
and acquaintanceship among welfare workers and associations, plus his mag- 
netic and forceful personality, Doctor Slight proved to be especially qualified 
for this important post — a position which involved volunteer service. 

The State Director was also fortunate in obtaining the assigning of First 
Lieutenanl (later Captain) John E. Egdorf, Medical Administrative Corps, 



'2'20 



MEDICAL ASPECTS— MEDICAL SURVEY PROGRAM 



as Medical Survey Officer, to take immediate charge of the Program under 
the direct supervision of the State Medical Officer. 

Headquarters for the operation of the Medical Survey Program was estab- 
lished in the Chicago office of Selective Service Headquarters, by reason of 
the fact that the Medical Survey Advisor resided in Chicago, the Induction 
Station was located in Chicago, and one-half of the State population resided 
in Chicago and Cook County. It was thought that the problems involved in 
establishing a routine clearance system would be greater in a large city like 
Chicago than they would be downstate, which proved true. 

Because of the extremely heavy calls placed on Local Boards in Chicago 
at the time of the activation of the Medical Survey Program, it was decided 
to relieve pressure from Chicago and Cook County Local Board clerks by 
maintaining sufficient clerical staff at State Headquarters to type the identi- 
fying information on Part I of DSS Form 212. This procedure was aban- 
doned after a trial of 2 months when it was found the volume was prohibitive. 

In addition to the assignment of one officer as Executive for the Medical 
Survey Program, it was found necessary to maintain an average staff of nine 
clerks to handle the volume of correspondence, transmittals, sorting and 
filing, etc. The greatest number was needed in the beginning months of 
operation and was gradually reduced with improvement in the Medical Sur- 
vey Program procedures and the reduction of inductions. By December 1, 
1945, the Medical Survey Officer, one clerk and one stenographer were ade- 
quate to meet the State Headquarters' need for this program. 

Problems Encountered 

The problems confronting the activation of the Medical Survey Program 
were many, a few of which are listed as follows: 

1. There was no central file within the State Department of Public Wel- 
fare of the names of persons who had been committed or treated by 
the various State agencies and institutions, through which registrants' 
names could be cleared. This was a basic requirement of the Medical 
Survey Program. 

2. There was no Selective appropriation to pay for the clearance of 
registrants' names through the social service exchanges in the State, 
also a basic requirement of the Program. 

3. The preinduction calls were the heaviest of any period in the mobiliza- 
tion (over 100 per month per board) which necessitated the recruit- 
ment of a large number of volunteers to adequately serve the 361 
Local Boards in the State as Medical Field Agents. 

4. The additional work involved in preparing medical survey forms on 
registrants was a heavy task for the already over-burdened Local 
Board personnel. 



221 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

5. There was little time available to prepare an adequate survey from 
the date a registrant was reclassified from a deferred class to the date 
of physical examination. 

6. Many Local Boards were located in areas not easily accessible to pro- 
spective Medical Field Agents, as for example, in outlying parts of 
Chicago, and assignments to such Local Boards were not always ac- 
ceptable to such volunteers. 

Testing of the Medical Survey Program 

Since a considerable number of other State Directors reported that the 
Medical Survey Plan had not functioned successfully in their States, and still 
others expressed a definite disapproval of it, the Illinois State Director deter- 
mined that a "test run" of the Program should be made prior to establishing 
its procedure throughout the entire State. 

Consequently, on February 17, 1944, six Local Boards were selected in 
various parts of the City of Chicago and of Cook and DuPage Counties for 
the operation of the Program on a trial basis. This test operation was con- 
ducted diligently and earnestly, and from the results achieved and the expe- 
riences gained by the volunteers assigned to these six Local Boards, plans 
were laid for the operation of the Program throughout the State. 

How the Program Functioned 

Whenever the Local Board classified a registrant as available for service, 
such registrant's name was turned over to the Medical Field Agent assigned 
to the Board, along with certain forms designed for the purpose of obtaining 
the educational, social, employment and medical history of the registrant. 
(Several of these forms were furnished by National Headquarters, while 
others were designed and produced by State Headquarters.) 

The Medical Field Agent visited the home of each registrant listed and 
obtained all possible information as to social and medical history. A medical 
questionnaire was used, on which common physical and mental defects were 
listed; the registrant was required to check the disorders or diseases he 
had had, giving the names and addresses of the physicans or hospitals 
treating him, so that verification could be made. Inquiries were invariably 
made of physicians, hospitals and social service agencies mentioned in any 
registrant's case. 

After the registrant provided the names and addresses of all of the sec- 
ondary schools he had ever attended, special forms were sent to these schools 
to obtain information as to the educational progress and school demeanor 
of the registrant. If he had ever been employed, his employers were con- 
sulted as to his work record. 

The information which the Medical Field Agent obtained and which per- 
tained to the social, employment, medical and educational history of each 
registrant was sealed in an envelope by the Agent and remained confidential 



222 



MEDICAL ASPECTS— MEDICAL SURVEY PROGRAM 




Name and address of school last attended 

Age at time of leaving school Date of leaving . 

>n for leaving school _ _... 

PART II 

1. SCHOOL RECORD 



Intelligence-test i 



(if i 



r.Q. 



l>atc Name of test . 



2. ADJUSTMENT TO WOKiC 



n Poor adjustment to employer. 

□ Poor adjustment to associates. 

□ Frequent change of jobs. 

Work conditions: Good n Bad □ 
n Frequent absence from wo rk becau se of s icknesi 



□ □ Froqucnt absence from work without pood cause. 
G D Inadequacy in work 

P D Work or. level below mental ability. 

□ f~l Persistent unemployment. ^_^ 



C] Head or spinal injuries (severe 

D Convulsions (fits, epilepsy). 

PI Encephalitis (sleeping sickness 

D Enuresis (bed wetting) after 12 

D Somnambulism (sleepwalking). 

O Heart disease. 

D Tuberculosis. 



Diabetes. 
Stomach ulcer. 
Rheumatic fever. 

Ever confined as chronic invalid. 
Suffering from insurable disease. 



O □ Permanent rt. f.d as i.-.ult of Hiicate or accident 



4. PERSONALITY OR MENTAL DISORDERS 



Drug or alcohol addiction. 
Evidence of sexual abnormabti 
Arrests for sexual misconduct 
Extreme cruelty ordestrurlivei 
Treatment for mental disorder. 
Admission to mental institution 
Chronic anxiety or worry. 
Overdependent on some person. 
Recurrent depression. 



G Excessive shyness. 

["I Seclusiveness. 

D Marked aggressiveness. 

n Vagrancy. 

n Repeated marital difficulties 

n Detrimental personal habits — give details. 



Court . 



.id. 



"P"'" 



5. HISTORY OF MEMBERS OF FAMILY 



Q Commitment of any member of family to mental 

institution, 
n Mental defect. 



O Epilepsy. 

D Broken home befor 



□ □ Chrcn : c alcoholism. 
D D Drug addiction. 

□ D Severe nervous breakdown. 

D □ Repeated marital or domestic difficulties. 



D8» Form 112 



U regarding items cheeked "Yes") 
[OVEH] 



MEDICAL SURVEY FORMS 210 AND 212 

Through the use of these and other Medical Survey forms, Medical Field 
Agents were able to obtain information that was most valuable to the 
induction station examining officers in determining acceptability of 
registrants for military service. 



223 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

until the envelope was forwarded, with the registrant's examination or in- 
duction papers, to the induction station, where the medical examiners used 
the confidential information to determine whether or not the registrant 
should be found fit for military service. After the confidential information 
was used by the medical examiners at the induction station, it was forwarded 
to the Medical Survey Program Headquarters at Chicago and kept in con- 
fidential files. Thus this confidential information never became a part of the 
Local Board file of the registrant. 

At the outset, the medical examiners at the induction station apparently 
failed to recognize the importance of the information provided through the 
Medical Survey Program. The State Director made a protest to the Com- 
manding General of the Sixth Service Command, with the result that the 
special information was used regularly thereafter. As time went on, the in- 
duction station officials and medical examiners fully realized the enormous 
value of the special information in helping them determine the fitness or 
unfitness of a selectee. 

Medical Field Agents 

To obtain volunteers for assignment to the Local Boards as Medical Field 
Agents, the State Director sent letters of appeal to social service agencies, 
social and welfare agencies, community funds and chests, councils of social 
agencies and social service exchanges throughout the entire State. The results 
of the appeal were indeed gratifying. By March 31, 1944, 344 volunteers 
had been appointed, and by June 1, 1944, a total of 492 Medical Field Agents 
were assigned to and serving Local Boards in Illinois. 

Raymond M. Hilliard, Director of the Illinois Public Aid Commission, 
was especially helpful in obtaining volunteers for downstate Local Boards. 
Of the 181 downstate Boards, eighty per cent were staffed with Medical Field 
Agents by June 30, 1944. Through the cooperation of the Commission, every 
downstate Local Board eventually had the services of one or more Medical 
Field Agents. 

Dr. Edward A. Piszczek, Director of the Cook County Public Health 
Unit, rendered valuable assistance toward providing Medical Field Agents 
for Local Boards in Cook County outside the limits of the City of Chicago. 

The Chicago Welfare Administration and its Commissioner, George J. 
Klupar, cooperated splendidly in obtaining the services of Medical Field 
Agents for Local Boards within the City of Chicago. (In addition, this agency 
was called upon more heavily than any other social sen ice agency in the 
State to furnish information from agency records. Mrs. Ethel Lees, of the 
Administration office, gave unstintingly of her time and efforts in reviewing 
and preparing abstracts of case records.) 

Approximately fifty Local Boards in the southwestern, western and north- 
western sections of Chicago had remained without Medical Field Agents serv- 



224 



MEDICAL ASPECTS— MEDICAL SURVEY PROGRAM 

ice from March 1, 1944 to May 22, 1945. Mr. Joseph L. Moss, Director of 
the Cook County Bureau of Public Welfare, assisted materially in providing 
Medical Field Agents for these Boards. 

Thus, by May 22, 1945, every Local Board in the State was being served 
by one or more Medical Field Agents. Altogether, 1,005 men and women 
qualified as Medical Field Agents according to the standards established by 
National Selective Service Headquarters and volunteered to serve the Local 
Boards of Illinois. 

Up to V-J Day. it was estimated that the average Local Board required 
from three to five hours a week of a Medical Field Agent's time to prepare 
medical surveys on registrants being processed for induction. The time 
needed to prepare a report ranged from five minutes in some cases to several 
hours in others. The varying conditions of health or social adjustment of 
selectees processed determined the time required to prepare the reports. 

Since an average of 700 volunteers actively served the Local Boards dur- 
ing the period of July 30, 1944 to July 30, 1945, it is estimated that over 
145,600 hours of volunteer service were given by the Medical Field Agents 
in that period alone. In addition, much time was given by social and health 
agencies, hospitals, State institutions, physicians and schools in reviewing 
case histories and records and preparing pertinent abstracts therefrom for 
incorporation in the Medical Survey reports. 

Social agencies and hospital associations, physicians and others concerned 
were informed of the aims and purposes of the Medical Survey Program, the 
inquiry form and the type of information desired by Selective Service so 
that, w T hen inquiries were made by a Medical Field Agent, the proper infor- 
mation was furnished promptly and completely. 

The Medical Survey Program Under Way 

Extensive operation of the Medical Survey Program on a state-wide 
basis began in March, 1944. Considerable difficulties existed in many Local 
Boards in putting the Program into effect. The detailed operation of prepar- 
ing numerous additional Selective Service forms, clearance of names with 
social service exchanges and with the Central Index file, and obtaining 
cooperative school reports involved much extra work to the Local Board 
paid personnel. 

To acquaint Medical Field Agents with procedure and to answer ques- 
tions on problems, several large conferences were held in Chicago. Tele- 
phone calls to key people in large agencies helped to clear up problems, and 
such information was relayed on to other workers. 

In the larger towns downstate, conferences were conducted by the Medical 
Survey Advisor and Medical Survey Officer with Medical Field Agents and 
Local Board clerks from Local Boards in the area. The Illinois Public Aid 
Commission had eight territorial divisions downstate with two district rep- 



225 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

resentatives in charge of each district. These 16 persons were appointed as 
"District Medical Field Agents" and several conferences were held with them. 
Their duties were to recruit volunteers for Local Boards, assist with local 
problems of procedure among their own employees, etc. 

Instructive bulletins were issued by State Headquarters from time to time 
to assist Medical Field Agents, Local Boards, social agencies, schools and 
hospitals with a view of improving the operation of the Program. 

In the ensuing months of the Medical Survey operation, the value of the 
Medical Survey Program became more apparent and the Medical Field 
Agents became part of the Local Board "team." The Medical Field Agents 
proved their value in many ways, and Local Board personnel became aware 
of the skill and efficiency with which the social workers obtained their infor- 
mation, and learned to respect the social work profession. 

The State Headquarters' staff of field auditors was instructed in Medical 
Survey operation. Local Board efficiency of operation was increased by hav- 
ing the traveling auditors complete an inspection report form devised for the 
purpose for Local Boards inspected. Monthly comparative tabulations of 
Local Board coverage in the Medical Survey prepared by the Medical Survey 
Officer tended to increase Local Board activity in the Program. 

For the month of May, 1945, 76% of registrants examined from Chicago 
and Cook County Local Boards were covered by complete surveys which 
included DSS Forms 210, 211, 212, 213 or 214, MS Letter No. 5 and medical 
affidavits. 74% of registrants from downstate Local Boards were covered 
with complete surveys, or a state average of 75%. 

State-wide coverage of DSS Forms 210 (Identity verification), 211 (Edu- 
cational verification) and Medical Questionnaire averaged 90%. 

A study of the circumstances surrounding the registrants known to social 
agencies in different parts of Chicago revealed striking contrasts. In certain 
areas, less than five per cent of the registrants cleared through the Social 
Service Exchange were found to have had any recorded social, medical or 
court history. In other areas, as high as eighty per cent of the registrants 
cleared had some sort of agency record. 

It is difficult to establish an exact figure on the number of selectees 
rejected who might have been accepted but for the Medical Survey data — 
also those accepted who might have been rejected. However, it is definitely 
known that the medical examiners at the induction station did lean heavily 
upon the Medical Survey data and, on countless occasions, based their deci- 
sions of acceptance or rejection upon such data. 

State of Illinois Lent Full Cooperation 

At the request of the State Director, the State of Illinois established in 
the Department of Public Welfare a central file of all males 16 through 38 
who had been known to any of the State institutions for the mentally ill or 



226 



MEDICAL ASPECTS— MEDICAL SURVEY PROGRAM 

mentally defective, to the Department of Child Welfare, the Institute for 
Juvenile Research, the State Training School for Boys, and the 30 private 
mental hospitals in the State. The task involved a considerable expenditure 
of time, effort, and money. 

Cards of registrants of this age group had to be sorted from the hundreds 
of thousands of cards of men, women, and children on file. New cards had 
to be typed and filed in such a manner that they would be readily accessible 
for clearing thousands of registrants' names through the files. The "soundex" 
system was used, which was the latest development in a rapid riling system. 

The central file was ready for operation in late April of 1944 and then 
contained about 70,000 names. Additional names were added from time to 
time and by November, 1945, the file contained approximately 80,000 names. 
No charge to Selective Service was made for clearing the names of registrants 
through this file. 

For the entire period of operation of the Medical Survey Program up to 
December 31, 1945, a total of 136,254 names were referred to the Central 
File for clearance. Of these, 1,521 were identified as being known to a State 
Welfare Agency or institution. A social history from the agency or institu- 
tion was included in the Medical Survey Report when the registrant was 
forwarded for preinduction physical examination. 

In the absence of federal funds for the purpose, special arrangements 
were made — through the help of the Illinois Public Aid Commission, to clear 
the names of selectees through the Chicago Social Service Exchange, the 
largest in the State. Some downstate social service exchanges cleared names 
for Selective Service on a gratis basis; other downstate exchanges granted 
clearances of names on a three month trial basis with the understanding 
that charges would be made should federal funds become available for the 
purpose. Such funds were eventually made available, and social service 
exchanges were reimbursed for the clearance of selectees' names after July 1, 
1944. (From July 1, 1944 to September 30, 1945, a total of 41,455 names 
were cleared through the social service exchanges of Illinois; the cost of 
Selective Service being only $3,311.41 — an average of 7.78 cents each.) 

The information obtained by clearing names of registrants through the 
social service exchanges and agencies proved to be of great value. In a con- 
siderable number of cases, information (such as history of epilepsy, juvenile 
delinquency, mental illness within the immediate family, false registrations, 
falsification of educational history, diseases, etc.) which had been concealed 
from the Local Boards was uncovered and later proved to be of importance 
to both the Local Boards and the induction station authorities. 

Cooperation of Schools Excellent 

Through the offices of the State Department of Public Instruction and the 
Chicago Board of Education, the phase of the Medical Survey Program 



227 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

concerning the furnishing of information by secondary schools was activated 
in March 1944. The larger schools in Chicago and Cook County volunteered 
to give additional information to that requested on DSS Forms 213 and 214. 
On some students, so-called "child studies" offered information that was of 
considerable value in a medical examination. This group of schools also 
recommended that, in addition to teachers, vocational guidance counsellors 
or personnel departments of schools be requested to furnish information on 
students. 

From March 1944 until May 1, 1945, Cooperative School Reports (DSS 
Forms 213 and 214) were obtained from secondary schools by Medical 
Division, State Headquarters, and forwarded to Local Boards. On May 1. 
1945, Illinois Local Boards were instructed to obtain Cooperative School 
Reports directly from the high school attended by the registrant. This change 
effected considerable saving in postage and stationery expense, time in transit, 
and clerical expense. 

Special Acknowledgments 

It would be difficult to enumerate and name the many persons to whom 
a debt of gratitude is due for their excellent cooperation and assistance in 
the development and operation of the Medical Survey Program. However, 
it is felt that special tribute should be paid to Mr. George McKibbin, then 
Director of the Department of Finance, for the invaluable help and encourage- 
ment he gave throughout the operation of the Program. (Mr. McKibbin also 
gave important assistance to other phases of the Selective Service program.) 

Profuse thanks are due to many others: to social and health agencies, to 
social service workers and public health nurses, to hospitals and clinics, to 
many physicians, to the State Department of Public Instruction, to the Board 
of Education of Chicago and the Superintendent of Cook County Schools 
and his staff, and to the many teachers in the secondary schools. 

The greatest satisfaction to all the helpers in the Medical Survey Program 
is their pride in the fact that, through their efforts, the State of Illinois took 
a leading place in the operation of this vital phase of the war effort. 



& 



Hard on the Movies! 

One of those believe-it-or-not things that happen once in a lifetime oc- 
curred on January 22, 1943, when Coles County Local Board 2 at Mattoon 
sent the following three men to the Peoria induction station for induction: 

CHARLES CHAPLIN . . . BEN Tl RPIN . . . ROBERT TAYLOR. 

Yes — it really did happen! 



228 



CHAPTER XVI 



INDUCTION 

In the early phase of the Selective Service program, inducted men were 
assigned only to the Army. On January 1, 1943, the Navy (which in- 
cluded the Marine Corps and the Coast Guard) began taking a propor- 
tionate number of the selectees who were found qualified for induction. Until 
December 4, 1942, the Navy continued to enlist men between the ages of 
18 and 38 years of age. On that date, the President issued an order halting 
such enlistments and requiring that the Navy thereafter obtain its men of 
that age group through the Selective Service process. 

Originally, the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 provided 
for one year's training and service of male citizens and male aliens be- 
tween the ages of 21 and 35 years, inclusive. During the first nine months 
of inductions, men of those ages were selected and placed in military service. 

In the summer of 1941, studies (including a comprehensive survey pre- 
pared by Illinois State Headquarters which was used by the National Di- 
rector in a Congressional hearing) were made in connection with the phys- 
ical limitations of men of certain age groups in training with the Army 
and the percentage of rejections among various ages of selectees. In addi- 
tion, public opinion was fairly well crystallized to the belief that modern 
mechanized warfare required young men and that it was inefficient to train 
the older men. To meet the situation, an amendment (Public Law 206. 
77th Congress) to the Selective Service law was enacted on August 16, 1941. 
It limited inductions to ages 21 through 27, and provided that men 28 and 
over previously inducted could be released from active duty upon their own 
request and upon receiving approval from the Secretary of War. (The period 
of training and service was extended from twelve to eighteen months by 
Public Law 213, 77th Congress, enacted August 18, 1941.) 

The attack upon Pearl Harbor by the Japanese on December 7, 1941. 
threw the Nation into actual w^ar, and on December 13, 1941. Public Law 
338 (77th Congress) was enacted, removing all restrictions on territorial 
use of units and members of the Army, and extending the periods of such 
service for military personnel. 

Because war brought with it the demand for total mobilization, the Con- 
gress (on December 20. 1941 — -Public Law* 360, 77th Congress) passed a law 
extending military liability to men aged 20 to 44 years, inclusive, and required 
registration of those 18 to 64 years, inclusive. Selective Service immediately 
began selecting men of ages 20 to 44 for induction. 

Before a year of actual war had passed, the armed forces were pleading 
for younger men for combat troops. In response to these pleas, the 77th 



229 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



Prepare in Duplicate 




(Dal* of mailing) 



(Local BoaBD Dan SraMP With Codi) 

ORDER TO REPORT FOR INDUCTION 

The President of the United States, 

To 



Order No 

GREETING: 

Having submitted yourself to a local board composed of your neighbors for the purpose of deter- 
mining your availability for training and service in the land or naval forces of the United States, you are 
hereby notified that you have now been selected for training and service therein. 

You will, therefore, report to the local board named above at 



at _ m., on the day of , 19 

( Hour of reporting) 

This local board will furnish transportation to an induction station. You will there be examined, and, if accepted for 
training and service, you will then be inducted into the land or naval forces. 

Persons reporting to the induction station in some instances may be rejected for physical or other reasons. It is well 
to keep this in mind in arranging your affairs, to prevent any undue hardship if you are rejected at the induction station. 
If you are employed, you should advise your employer of this notice and of the possibility that you may not be accepted at 
the induction station. Your employer can then be prepared to replace you if you are accepted, or to continue your 
employment if you are rejected. 

Willful failure to report promptly to this local board at the hour and on the day named in this notice is a violation of the 
Selective Training and Service Act of 1910, as amended, and subjects the violator to fine and imprisonment. 

If you are so far removed from your own local board that reporting in compliance with this order will be a serious 
hardship and you desire to report to a local board in the area of which you are now located, go immediately to that local 
board and make written request for transfer of your delivery for induction, taking this order with you. 



; GOVLRNMEVT 



Member or clerk of the local board. 



THE FAMOUS "GREETING FROM UNCLE SAM"- FORM 150 

When a registrant received the above form, he knew thai hi- time for 
military service had really come. Through the use of the Order to Report 
for Induction, Illinois furnished 629,516 men to the armed forces. 



230 



INDUCTION 

Congress (in Public Law 772, enacted November 13, 1942) made all 18 
and 19-year-old registrants available for training and service, at the same 
time relieving all men 45 years old and over from training and service. 

On December 5, 1942, the President restricted induction liability to regis- 
trants aged 18 through 37 years. 

The following table briefly presents the actions, and their sources, which 
established the induction ages at various stages of the period of Selective 
Service operation: 

LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS ON AGES LIABLE FOR INDUCTION 

Inclusive Ages 
Public Law Date for Induction 

No. 783, 76th Congress September 16, 1940 21-35 

No. 206, 77th Congress August 16, 1941 21-27 

No. 360, 77th Congress December 20, 1941 20-44 

No. 772, 77th Congress November 13, 1942 18-44 

No. 379, 79th Congress May 14, 1946 20-35* 

No. 473, 79th Congress June 29, 1946 19-44 

ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS ON AGES LIABLE FOR INDUCTION 

December 5, 1942 18-37 

August 15, 1945 18-25 

May 16, 1946 20-29 

July 16, 1946 19-29 

* Applied to age at time of registration. 

Miscellaneous Phases of Induction Procedure 

On November 13, 1942, the 77th Congress (in Public Law 772) pro- 
vided that any registrant eighteen or ninteen years of age who was pursuing 
a course of instruction at a high school or similar institution of learning and 
was in the last half of the academic year of such school or institution could, 
on his request, have his induction postponed until the end of such academic 
year. This provision was clarified by Public Law 126, 78th Congress (July 
9, 1943) by specifying "the last half of one of his academic years," regard- 
less of the date. 

On September 18, 1945, the regulations pertaining to the induction of 
high school students were liberalized to permit a high school student's in- 
duction to be postponed until his graduation or until he became twenty years 
of age, whichever was sooner — provided the student had entered his high 
school studies prior to reaching his eighteenth birthday. 

Public Law 197 (June 8, 1944) provided that inductees were to be per- 
mitted to express their choice or make their selection of which service they 
would enter. At the time of induction, these men were accepted for either 
the Army or the Navy, each service having had its own manpower pool. 



231 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN [LLINOIS 

In proportion to the sizes of the calls of the two services, more men were 
choosing the Navy than the Army. Consequently, the Navy pool increased 
while the Army pool became smaller. It soon appeared that a situation was 
developing wherein the Army would not have enough men to meet its calls, 
whereas the Navy would have a surplus of men awaiting call. 

To correct this situation, a single pool was created on July 1, 1944. 
Under the new system, a selectee was given every possible consideration with 
reference to his expression of choice of service, but there was no guarantee 
that he would be assigned to the service he selected. It was necessary to 
adopt this system in order to give preference to the needs of the armed forces 
over and above the desires of individual selectees. 

The regular induction of limited service selectees ended on June 30, 1945. 
After that date, the only limited service men who were inducted were "job 
jumpers" and small contingents of others for whom the Army had special 
need from time to time. The induction of "job jumpers" who were not 
acceptable for general military duty was stopped in July of 1945. 

EXTENSION OF THE ACT AND INDUCTION CHANGES 

Since the original Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 was due 
to expire on June 30, 1945, and because the turn of events began to indicate 
early victory, the 79th Congress (Public Law 54, enacted May 9, 1945) 
extended the Act to May 15, 1946. 

After considerable and heated Congressional debate, and less than six 
hours before the midnight deadline of expiration on May 14, the Senate 
agreed to House restrictions on a new extension law, and the measure 
(Public Law 379, 79th Congress) was signed by the President at 8 p.m. 
that same evening. This law provided for an extension only to July 1, 1946. 

Public Law 379 contained the following principal changes:, 

1. A ban against the induction of fathers 

2. A prohibition against drafting 18 and 19-year-olds and any reg- 
istrant 30 years of age and over. 

The crisis which developed in the extension of the Act served, in some 
measure, to refocus public attention upon the problem of national defense. 
General public opinion held that the Nation's interests were still imperiled 
and that there should be no abandoning or let-up in national defense efforts. 
New support arose for the President's request for a one-year extension. 
Nevertheless, it was not until June 29, 1946 — the day before the end of 
the six- weeks' extension — that a bill (Public Law 473. 79th Congress) was 
passed by the Congress and approved by the President. The question of 
drafting "teen-age" registrants had again become an issue, and this had 
been the occasion of some delay in Congressional action. 

Public Law 473, which was a re-enactment of the original legislation 



232 



INDUCTION 



rather than mere extension, provided for the operation of Selective Service 
for an additional nine months (through March 31, 1947) unless terminated 
earlier by a joint resolution of the two houses of Congress. The law also 
restricted inductions to non-fathers, between the ages of 19 and 44 years, 
inclusive. The 18-year-olds, however, were still required to register. 

Although liability for training and service was restored through age 
44, except 18-year-olds, the Secretary of War requested, and the President 
approved, the limiting for inductions to men aged 19 through 29 years. 

INDUCTION BY DEPENDENCY STATUS 

Because of the great surge of public opinion against the inducting of 
fathers while eligible single men and married men without children roamed 
the streets, the regulations were amended on April 12, 1943 (and further 
clarified on April 27 and July 31, 1943 to provide for the induction of 
selectees by "categories" or "groups" according to their dependency status. 
Perhaps the simplest method of explaining the procedure is to quote from 
the regulation applying: 

"When a Local Board is filling a call (induction call), it shall first se- 
lect and order to report for induction specified men who have volun- 
teered for induction. To fill the balance of the call, it shall, from the 
groups listed below, and insofar as possible in the order in which the 
groups are listed, select and order to report for induction specified men 
classified in class I-A and Class I-A-0 who are available for induction: 

"(1) Men with no dependents. (All men not qualified for group 2, 
group 3, or group 4, below, will for this purpose be consid- 
ered as men with no dependents.) 

"(2) Men with collateral dependents (parents, brothers, sisters, etc.). 
provided such status was acquired prior to December 8, 1941. 

"(3) Men who have wives with whom they maintained a bona fide 
family relationship in their homes, provided such status was 
acquired prior to December 8, 1941. 

"(4) Men who have children with whom they maintain a bona fide 
family relationship in their homes, provided such status was 
acquired prior to December 8, 1941." 

NOTE: A registrant placed in Class I-A or Class I-A-0 be- 
cause he left an agricultural occupation with Local Board con- 
sent, or because he was engaged in a non-deferrable occupation, 
was selected for induction prior to any men in the above four 
groups. Beginning June 2, 1945, the induction of 'job jumpers' 
was discontinued for those who did not meet the existing phys- 
ical standards for military service. 



233 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



On November 5, 1945, regulations were issued to prohibit the induction 
of any registrant who was the father of three or more children — whether 
he was a volunteer or non-volunteer. On December 12, 1945, this prohibi- 
tion was extended to include a registrant with one or more children. 

APPORTIONING QUOTAS AND CALLS 

The method of determining how many selectees the respective Local 
Boards in the State should forward to the induction station at various times 
was as follows : 

1. The Army and the Navy (including the Marine Corps and the Coast 
Guard) determined the number of men needed for their respective 
services and, sixty days in advance, made formal request upon the 
National Director of Selective Service for the furnishing of such 
numbers of men in two groups: (a) men for full military service 
and (b) men for limited military service. 

2. The National Director allotted quotas to the various States first on 
the basis of proportion of registration, then on the basis of each 
State's manpower service credits (inductions, enlistments, and com- 
missions), and later on the basis of number of selectees available 
for call for induction. The State Director of each State was di- 
rected to furnish a certain number of selectees (without specific 
reference to either Army or Navy service) within a specified period 
of time. 

3. The State Director, through his Manpower Division, made his man- 
power calls upon Local Boards, first in proportion to the number 
of registrants in each Board, then on the basis of the existing credits, 
and later on the basis of selectees available. (In assessing quotas for 
the various Local Boards, consideration was given to the number 
of each Board's registrants in service, men discharged from the 
service, and those from the community who were enlisted or com- 
missioned but not registered. At first, a careful record was kept for 
each Local Board showing all credits for inductions, enlistments 
and commissionings, and debits for discharges. During the latter 
part of the Selective Service operation, it became expedient to base 
induction calls solely upon the number of registrants currently avail- 
able for military service.) 

During the period in which the "service credit" system was in effect, 
State Headquarters and the Local Boards encountered a problem with enlist- 
ments. On countless occasions, Local Boards were denied the benefits of 
service credits because (1) the enlistment notice supposed to be sent to 
an enlistee's Local Board was not mailed, (2) enlistment notices were sent 
to the wrong Boards, (3) enlistment notices were made out in such a man- 



234 



INDUCTION 

ner as to make it impossible to determine, from the notice, the correct Local 
Board of jurisdiction for the enlistee, (4) enlistment notices were mailed late. 

Quite frequently — before enlistments of men of inductible age were 
stopped by Presidential order on December 5, 1942 — registrants were called 
by their Local Boards for physical examination or induction and did not 
report for the reason (discovered later) that they had already enlisted in 
the armed forces. In several cases, such enlisted registrants were reported 
to the United States District Attorney as Selective Service delinquents, al- 
though such reports were made by the Local Boards properly and in good 
faith. 

For the above reasons, and because every enlistment reduced their 
availability lists, Local Boards in general strongly resented the granting of 
enlistment privileges to Selective Service registrants. The order stopping 
enlistments most probably was issued because of the mass of complaints 
received from Local Boards. 

SELECTION OF INDUCTEES BY LOCAL BOARDS 

When a Local Board received a manpower call from State Headquar- 
ters, the Board sent induction notices to the required number of available 
registrants in sequence of the registrants' order numbers. (This procedure 
had to be varied in accordance with the law pertaining to induction by de- 
pendency status, as described earlier in this section.) Exceptions to the 
order number sequence were made in the cases of volunteers and registrants 
reclassified because of leaving an essential activity or occupation, these two 
types of registrants being included first on the Board's induction call. 

If a Local Board, at the time it received an induction call, did not have 
sufficient selectees available to meet the call, it simply forwarded induction 
notices to all the men then available, reporting its shortages to the State 
Director. 

TRANSFERS FOR INDUCTION 

Selective Service regulations provided that a registrant who received an 
induction order while away from his own Local Board area, who could 
show good cause for such absence, and who would be inconvenienced by 
having to return to his Board area for induction, could have his induction 
transferred to the area in which he was located, either within or outside 
the State. 

Any such registrant, on receiving an order to report for induction, pro- 
ceeded to the Local Board in the area where he was located and made re- 
quest for transfer for induction. It was up to that Board to determine 
whether or not the registrant had good cause for being away from his own 
Local Board area, and when the Local Board of Transfer gave such approval 
and made formal request for transfer for induction, the registrant's own 



235 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

Local Board of jurisdiction was required to comply with the request. After 
the registrant's papers had been transferred to the Local Board of Transfer, 
this Board included the registrant in its next induction call and ordered the 
registrant to report. 

Since a great many registrants moved away from their own Local Board 
areas, Illinois Local Boards handled a considerable number of induction 
transfers for other Boards both within and outside of the State. 

FORWARDING SELECTEES FOR INDUCTION 
(OR PHYSICAL EXAMINATION) 

Normally, registrants included in an induction call (or physical examina- 
tion call) reported to their own Local Board offices, from where they 
boarded a street car or bus or were taken to a nearby railroad station to 
board a train for the induction station. Most of the transportation was 
accomplished by railroad or bus, consideration being given to the comfort 
of the registrants and the comparative expense of the movement. In the 
cases of large movement, special trains or chartered buses were used. 

Early in 1940, it became evident that transportation was to become a 
major problem, and Mr. Waldo J. McCoy of the Illinois Terminal Railroad 
Company volunteered his services to assist State Headquarters in the man- 
agement of transportation activities. Mr. McCoy was loaned by his com- 
pany — without compensation by the Selective Service System — to prepare 
schedules for the transportation of selectees to the induction stations. The 
transportation of selectees later became such a major function of Selective 
Service operation that the State Director prevailed upon Mr. McCoy's com- 
pany to furlough him to State Headquarters on a full-time basis with com- 
pensation being paid by Selective Service. 

Early in the operation, it was discovered that transporting a group of 
registrants on a long haul by passenger bus did not provide proper arrange- 
ments for the comfort of the men; danger from ice and snow was often 
encountered; the kind of supervision normally found on railroad trains was 
lacking; men (if they so desired) easily managed to purchase liquor at bus 
stops. Consequently, railroad transportation was determined to be preferable 
and was used wherever possible. 

Until January 1, 1942, while registrants were given complete examina- 
tions at the Local Board level, it was necessary for Selective Sen ice to trans- 
port the selectees only one way — except those rejected by the armed forces. 
However, when the plan for complete physical examination at the induction 
station (instead of by Local Board examining physicians and dentists) was 
put into effect, the expense for transporting selectees increased considerably. 
Under the new plan, the registrant, if found acceptable, was returned to 
his home to await induction call. 'Jims, three hips between the Local Board 



236 



INDUCTION 




CHICAGO TRIBUNE PHOTO 

A SNACK PRIOR TO THE INDUCTION STATION TRIP 

Many Illinois Local Boards regularly gave "going away" parties for 
their inductees. Shown above is a group of inductees of Evanston 
Boards 1, 2 and 3 eating breakfast at the Elks Club, Evanston. Each 
inductee also received a supply of cigarets and a dollar bill. 



area and the induction station were required where only one had been nec- 
essary theretofore. 

On February 23, 1942, the armed forces inaugurated the plan of induct- 
ing all selectees found physically qualified, swearing them into service and 
granting seven days (subsequently increased to fourteen days and, later, 
to twenty-one days) leave to those who wished to go home and arrange 
their personal affairs. Under this plan, Selective Service bore the transpor- 
tation cost of only one trip. 

From February 1, 1944 until the termination of the program, while the 
preinduction physical examination plan was in effect, Selective Service 
again had to bear the cost of a round trip from the Local Board area to 



237 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



the induction station, as well as the trip back to the induction station for 
actual induction. While this plan was more costly to Selective Service, it 
proved to be the most satisfactory of all the methods tried because of its 
maximum elimination of inconvenience to registrants and their dependents. 

SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN TRANSPORTATION 
OF SELECTEES 

In Chicago, it was found that many Local Board clerks (Board Mem- 
bers, also, in a number of cases) were required to meet their selectees as 
early as three or four o'clock in the morning in order to assemble their 
groups and reach the induction station at the scheduled hour (from 7 a.m. 
on). A number of these clerks were women, and because of the embarrassing 
conditions created for them, as well as the unnecessary inconvenience 
created for the men clerks, a "rendezvous plan" for Cook County examinees 
and inductees was instituted on March 16, 1944. Under this plan, space 
was rented in the Insurance Exchange Building in Chicago (where the in- 
duction station was located the greater portion of the Selective Service 
period) , and registrants from Chicago and its suburban towns were ordered 
to report at this place (at an hour much later than previously necessary at 
the Local Board offices) for roll call and processing by their own Local 
Board clerks. The selectees were then taken to the induction station in the 
same building. An officer from State Headquarters supervised the operation 
of the "rendezvous." 

Much of the cost of rental of the "rendezvous" in the Insurance Exchange 
Building was offset by savings in street car or bus transportation previously 
required when registrants reported directly to their Local Board offices. 
More important, the selectees arrived at the induction station sober and in 
better condition than under the old system wherein many registrants, having 
to report so early in the morning, simply stayed up all night and, too often, 
arrived at the induction station not in proper condition for a physical ex- 
amination for military service. This particular plan was so successful that 
it was recommended for national use. 

When the induction station at Peoria was abandoned, a serious difficulty 
was experienced in the transportation schedules of selectees from the south- 
ern part, or other remote parts of the State, to Chicago. Frequently, be- 
cause of the distance, the railroad or bus carrier failed to arrive in time 
for processing the selectees on the day scheduled for their induction. This 
necessitated housing the selectees at a hotel until the next day. The situation 
was alleviated as far as possible by arranging transportation to leave the 
Local Board offices in these distanl areas late at night or very early in the 
morning of induction. In many cases this required a Local Board clerk or 
a Board Member to stay up practically all night to check in selectees leaving 
for induction or physical examination at the induction station. 



238 



INDUCTION 

Some groups voiced objections to their members being inducted on 
religious holidays. At the direction of National Headquarters, State Director 
Armstrong therefore, whenever such arrangements did not conflict with the 
plans of the armed forces, issued instructions permitting the Local Boards 
to adjust individual inductions so they would not occur on Christmas, Good 
Friday, Yom Kippur and other significant religious holidays. 

ILLINOIS' MANPOWER CONTRIBUTIONS 

According to information supplied by National Selective Service Head- 
quarters, 910,448 Illinois men were inducted, enlisted or commissioned into 
the armed forces of the United States from September 16, 1940 to January 
31, 1947. Of this total, over 629,516 men were inducted through the Se- 
lective Service process. 

Approximately 19,850 Illinois women enlisted or were commissioned 
in the WACS, WAVES, Marine Corps Women's Reserve and the SPARS— 
swelling Illinois' manpower contribution to more than 930,000 persons. 

LOCATIONS OF INDUCTION STATIONS 

While the major Illinois induction station was located at Chicago, various 
other stations were used for the induction of Illinois registrants during the 
period of Selective Service operation. In early years of the program, men 
from the southern half of the State were generally inducted at East St. Louis 
and, later, at Peoria. Beginning in June of 1943, virtually all inductions were 
accomplished at Chicago. 

Following is a list of the various induction stations, their commanding 
officers and the dates of their operation: 

INDUCTION STATIONS FOR ILLINOIS REGISTRANTS 

Location and Commanding Officer Period of Operation 

122nd Field Artillery Armory, November, 1940 to March, 1941 

234 E. Chicago Avenue, Chicago 
Capt. Leigh W. Johnson, CO. 

132nd Infantry Armory, March, 1941 to June, 1941 

2653 W. Madison Street, Chicago 
Capt. Leigh W. Johnson, CO. 

515 S. Franklin Street, Chicago June, 1941 to September, 1942 

Capt. Leigh W. Johnson, CO. 

166 W. Van Buren Street, Chicago September, 1942 to October, 1946 

Maj. Charles Bell, CO. 

U. S. Army Reception Center, January, 1942 to February, 1942 

Camp Grant, Illinois 
Capt. C L. Bush, CO. 



239 



INDUCTION STATIONS FOR ILLINOIS REGISTR \M> Continued 



U. S. Army Reception Center, 
Fort Sheridan. Illinois 
Maj. H. A. Suman, CO. 

U. S. Army Reception Center. 
Camp Custer, Michigan 
Capt. John H. Hunt, CO. 

U. S. Navy Recruiting Office, 
321 Plymouth Court, Chicago 
Lt. Comdr. W. S. Hatch, CO. 

234 N. Broadway, Milwaukee. Wise. 
Maj. Henry C.Walter, CO. 

Old Library Building, 

8th and Broadway, East St. Louis 
Capt. Thornton C G. Goering, CO. 

112 N. 5th Street, East St. Louis 

Capt. Thornton C G. Goering, CO. 

418 Collinsville Avenue, 
East St. Louis 
Capt. Thornton C. G. Goering, CO. 

5 13- A Missouri Avenue, 
East St. Louis 
1st Lt. J. Haberle, CO. 

Scott Field, Illinois 

Capt. Thornton C G. Goering, CO. 

523 N. Adams Street, Peoria 

Capt. Thornton C. G. Goering, CO. 

1701 Main Street, Peoria 
1st Lt. J. Haberle, CO. 

Jefferson Barracks, Missouri 
Capt. John 0. Simon, CO. 



June, 1912 

February, 1944 to June, 19 1 1 

December. 1941 to February, 1942 



February, 1911 to May. I'M! 

August, 1943 to March, 191 I 
November. L940 to February, 19 1] 

March, 1941 to June, 1941 
October, 1941 to March, 1912 

July, 1942 

January and February, 1912 
November, 1940 to June. 1911 
August, 1942 to May, 19 13 
July, 1943 



A 



Delayed Mail? 

Private Joe Zilch of the Marine Corps had just returned to regimental 
headquarters after lying in a foxhole for three days picking off Japs. The 
clerk at headquarters handed Joe a letter. It was from Joes Selective Service 
Board, and was covered with forwarding addresses. 

Joe slit the envelope open and, after taking one look at the letter, piped out, 
"Get a load of this! It's from my draft board. They tell me that the doctor 
said I'm emotionally unstable . . . thai 1 got cyko neurosis. Hot dog, boys 
Fin in 4-F!" 



:'li) 



CHAPTER XVIII 



REEMPLOYMENT 

The draft of World War I made no provisions for the reemployment for 
men inducted into service at that time. The result was that the demobiliza- 
tion of the military forces after World War I presented an enormous prob- 
lem which disturbed the Nation politically and economically. Men who 
had undergone the rigors of battle returned home to find their jobs occu- 
pied permanently by others. The common sight of veterans selling apples 
on street corners was considered a national disgrace. Virtually all the ef- 
forts in the direction of reemployment or job procurement was carried on 
by veterans organizations, military unit organizations and other patriotic 
groups. Even the combined efforts of these agencies could not solve the vex- 
ing problem satisfactorily on a large scale, and unemployment of veterans 
continued for many years after the termination of the first world war. 

It was logical, then, that the 76th Congress, in considering the adoption 
of a selective service law in 1940, should incorporate in the law some pro- 
tective measure to prevent reemployment difficulties. 

Section 8 of the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 therefore 
provided (1) that every person inducted under the Act and discharged or 
released under honorable conditions was, under certain circumstances, to 
be restored to the position (or position of similar nature) which he occupied 
at the time he entered service and (2) that the Director of Selective Service 
establish a "Personnel Division'" within his organization and be made re- 
sponsible for rendering all possible reemployment aid in accordance with the 
provisions of the law. Section 7 of the Service Extension Act (Public Law 213, 
77th Congress, enacted August 16, 1941) made the reemployment benefits 
of Section 8 of the original Selective Service law applicable to all members 
of the military and naval forces of the United States who entered service 
subsequent to May 1, 1940, regardless of whether inducted, enlisted or com- 
missioned. Public Law 87, 78th Congress (enacted June 23, 1943) extended 
such reemployment benefits to any person who left his position in order to 
serve in the Merchant Marine. 

REQUIREMENTS OF THE LAW 

The original provisions relating to reemployment were set forth in Sec- 
tion 8 of the Selective Service law as follows: 

"SEC. 8 (a) Any person inducted into the land or naval forces under 
this act for training and service who, in the judgment of those in authority 
over him, satisfactorily completes his period of training and service 
under section 3 (b) shall be entitled to a certificate to that effect upon 
the completion of such training and service * * * * *. 



241 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

(b) In the case of any such person who, in order to perform such 
training and service, has left or leaves a position, other than a temporarv 
position, in the employ of any employer and who (1) receives such cer- 
tificate, (2) is still qualified to perform the duties of such position, and 
(3) makes application for reemployment within fortv 1 days after he is 
relieved from such training and service — 

(A) if such position was in the employ of the United States Govern- 
ment, its Territories or possession, or the District of the Columbia, 
such person shall be restored to such position or to a position of 
like seniority, status and pay; 

(B) if such position was in the employ of a private employer, such 
employer shall restore such person to such position or to a posi- 
tion of like seniority, status and pay unless the employer's cir- 
cumstances have so changed as to make it impossible or unrea- 
sonable to do so; 

(C) if such position was in the employ of any State or political sub- 
division thereof, it is hereby declared to be the sense of the Con- 
gress that such person should be restored to such position or to a 
position of like seniority, status and pay. 

(c) Any person who is restored to a position in accordance with the 
provisions of paragraph (A) or (B) of subsection (b) shall be consid- 
ered as having been on furlough or leave of absence during the period of 
his training and service in the land or naval forces, shall be so restored 
without loss of seniority, shall be entitled to participate in insurance or 
other benefits offered by the employer pursuant to established rules and 
practices relating to employes on furlough or leave of absence in effect 
with the employer at the time such person was inducted into such forces, 
and shall not be discharged from such position, without cause, within one 
year after such restoration. 

(d) * * * * * 

(e) In case any private employer fails or refuses to comply with the 
provisions of subsection (b) or subsection (c), the district court of the 
United States for the district in which such private employer maintains a 
place of business shall have power upon the filing of a motion, petition. 
or other appropriate pleading by the person entitled to the benefits of such 
provisions, to specifically require such employer to comply with such pro- 
visions, and, as an incident thereto, to compensate such person for an\ 
loss of wages or benefits suffered by reason of such employer's unlawful 
action. The court shall order a speedy hearing in any such case and shall 
advance it on the calendar. Upon application to the I nited States district 



This period was later extended to ninety days. 



242 



REEMPLOYMENT 

attorney or comparable official for the district in which such private em- 
ployer maintains a place of business, by any persons claiming to be en- 
titled to the benefits of such provisions, such United States district attorney 
or official, if reasonably satisfied that the person so applying is entitled to 
such benefits, shall appear and act as attorney for such person in the 
amicable adjustment of the claim or in the filing or any motion, petition, 
or other appropriate pleading and the prosecution thereof to specifically 
require such employer to comply with such provisions: Provided, that no 
fee or court costs shall be taxed against the person so applying for such 
benefits." 

FUNCTIONS OF REEMPLOYMENT DIVISION 

The principal functions of the Reemployment Division established at 
National Selective Service Headquarters — functions which were carried out, 
to the greatest possible extent, by the Reemployment Division of Illinois State 
Headquarters — were : 

1. To assist Local Boards (through their Reemployment Committeemen 
and Board Members ) in the restoration of former positions to men 
and women released from the armed forces; 

2. To assist Local Boards, Veterans Service Committees and community 
employment centers in locating of employment for servicemen and 
servicewomen who were not employed at the time they entered service 
or who, for valid reasons, were unable to return to the jobs previously 
held. 

3. To promote, by every means possible, the public obligation of re- 
employing men who had rendered military service: 

4. To furnish conciliatory assistance in special cases presenting reem- 
ployment difficulties, and to cooperate with the United States District 
Attorney in cases requiring legal action; 

5. To make direct referrals for employment of veterans when such pro- 
cedure did not conflict with the functions of other governmental 
agencies. 

Employment Bulletin No. 1, issued by National Headquarters on September 
29, 1943, set forth the specific functions of Local Boards and Reemployment 
Committeemen in reference to procedure in the reemployment and employ- 
ment of veterans. 

STATE HEADQUARTERS ROLE IN REEMPLOYMENT 

Because of the scant number of men and women being released from the 
armed forces during the early years of the war, reemployment functions were 
carried on in a limited but effective manner. However, in the early part of 
1944, the function increased considerably and presented problems — particu- 



243 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



larly in the larger cities — which indicated the necessity for organizing 
reemployment activities on a vastly larger scale. 

The Veterans Personnel Division of State Headquarters, under the imme- 
diate charge of Lt. Col. M. G. Buck, QMC, was expanded, and Lt. Wm. S. 
Bishop, USNR, was placed in charge of the Chicago section of the division. 

In the process of obtaining Reemployment Committeemen for the 361 
Illinois Local Boards, many Board Members temporarily took over the func- 
tions of the Committeemen in order that no veteran would be denied the serv- 
ice afforded him by law. 

SPECIAL PLAN FOR COOK COUNTY 

At the New York City Headquarters for Selective Service, a very success- 
ful Veterans Personnel Division had been operating for several months, this 
division having had charge of all veteran's reemployment and employment 
responsibilities for the entire city. The Illinois State Director dispatched two 
of the members of his staff — Lt. Col. Marshall G. Buck, QMC, and Lt. William 
S. Bishop, USNR — to New York City to make a close observation and study 
of that city's Selective Service reemployment operation with a view to estab- 
lishing a similar operation for the Chicago metropolitan area. Subsequent 
to the visit to New York by the two staff officers, a special section was estab- 
lished in the Chicago office of State Headquarters, and the following pro- 
cedure was adopted: 

1. When a veteran's Notice of Separation from Service was received by 
State Headquarters, the State Director sent a "Welcome Home" letter 
to the veteran, offering the assistance of his staff in obtaining reem- 
ployment or new employment. A return card was included on which 
the veteran could express his desires as to employment assistance or 
reemployment, in the latter case furnishing the Veterans Personnel 
Division the name of his employer at the time he entered military 
service. 

2. If the veteran's information card indicated that he needed employment 
or reemployment service, he was sent a letter stating the date and hour 
he should appear for an interview at the Veterans Personnel Division 
in the Chicago office. 

3. If the veteran, when he appeared for his interview, indicated that he 
was having some difficulty in being restored to his old job, a member 
of the Veterans Personnel Division contacted the former employer and 
usually managed to get the veteran reemployed on short order. Only 
in a few cases was it necessary to use forceful tactics in order to 
accomplish the granting of reemployment rights to the veteran in ac- 
cordance with the law. In still fewer cases, it was necessary to make 
reports to the United States District Attorney and obtain his assistance 
in restoring a veteran to his former position. 



244 



REEMPLOYMENT 

4. In any case where a veteran was unemployed at the time he entered 
service, or could not, for valid reason, return to a former position, 
the Veterans Personnel Division: 

a. Referred the Veteran to the United States Employment Service, or 

b. Referred the Veteran directly to some potential employer whose 
employment needs were on file in the Division. 

The above program in Cook County was just getting under way when the 
78th Congress passed Public Law 346 ("G. I. Bill of Rights") on June 22, 
1944, which placed upon the United States Employment Service of the War 
Manpower Commission the sole responsibility to render a counselling and 
placement service for veterans. Because of a possible duplication of effort 
by two governmental agencies, the National Director of Selective Service and 
the Chairman of the War Manpower Commission entered into an agreement 
to the effect that all new employment problems would be referred to the 
appropriate United States Employment Service branch. 

Since reemployment still remained the responsibility of the Selective 
Service System, the activities of the Veterans Personnel Division had to be 
confined to assistance to Veterans on being restored to their old jobs, counsel 
and referral to the United States Employment Service for new jobs. In order 
to facilitate referral for new employment — and thus expedite service to the 
veterans — the State Director requested that a Veterans Employment Repre- 
sentative of the United States Employment Service be assigned for duty in 
the Veterans Personnel Division of the Chicago office of State Headquarters. 
Unfortunately, however, this assignment was never accomplished. 

DOWNSTATE PROCEDURE 

The principal problem downstate was to find qualified men who would 
accept appointment as Reemployment Committeemen. When such appoint- 
ments were completed, the Reemployment Committeemen did an excellent job 
of handling most of the problems locally. Occasionally, extremely difficult 
problems were referred to State Headquarters for action which was taken by 
officers of the Veterans Personnel Division. Problems of this latter type 
usually involved a difference of opinion between employers and labor unions 
as to the interpretation of the law on the matter of "seniority." The Veterans 
Personnel Division maintained the opinion of National Director that 
veterans — all other factors being equal — had to be given the benefit of any 
question of seniority. Several large Illinois employers, as well as a few 
unions, carried their cases into the United States courts, decision being based, 
of course, upon the specific circumstances in each particular case. 

LOCAL BOARD ASSISTANCE 

When a veteran reported to his Local Board after release from the armed 
forces, his rights under Section 8 of the Selective Service law were thoroughly 



245 



IIIKMPI/h MKNT 




STATE VETERANS SERVICE COMMITTEE 

The chairman and members of the State Veterans Service Committee — 
Chas. Casey, State Director, War Manpower Commission, Chairman; 
Col. Paul G. Armstrong, State Selective Service Director. Member; 
C. Gordon Beck. Regional Director. Veterans Administration. Member — 
gathered at a veterans reemployment regional meeting in Elgin. Illinois, 
on October 13, 1944. Shown, left to right, are: Lt. Col. Marshall G. Buck, 
Chief of Veterans Personnel Division. State Headquarters; Colonel 
Armstrong; Lt. Comdr. Walter G. Eden, Navy Liaison Officer. State 
Headquarters; Mr. Casey and Mr. Beck. 



210 



REEMPLOYMENT 

explained to him. If, after making proper application to his employer (within 
the prescribed period of time) for restoration of his old job, the veteran 
encountered any difficulty, he reported such difficulty to the Local Board, 
and was referred to the Reemployment Committeeman. In such cases, the 
Committeeman usually talked with the employer and, with the exception of 
comparatively few instances, was able to settle the matter locally. 

Local Board Members and clerks did not confine their help to veterans 
simply to matters of reemployment. Where a veteran needed a new job, the 
Board personnel generally went out of their way to obtain a position for the 
veteran. Likewise, assistance was cheerfully rendered to the veterans on 
many other matters. 

IMPLEMENTATION OF EMPLOYMENT PLANS 

To broaden the scope of service to veterans, the President of the United 
States, by Executive Order issued on February 24, 1944, created the Reem- 
ployment and Retraining Administration which required, through a State 
Veterans Service Committee, the establishment of Veterans Information Cen- 
ters in each community throughout the State to act as information and referral 
centers for veterans. 

A State Veterans' Service Committee for Illinois was established, consist- 
ing of Mr. Charles P. Casey, Illinois Director of the United States Employ- 
ment Service, Col. Paul G. Armstrong, Illinois Director of Selective Service 
and Mr. Charles Gordon Beck, then Illinois Director and later Deputy Ad- 
ministrator of the Veterans Administration. The Committee sent a directive 
to all branch offices of the cooperating agencies in Illinois, and in September 
and October of 1944, a series of area meetings was held with Local Board 
Members and Clerks, Reemployment Committeemen, Veterans Employment 
Representatives of the Lnited States Employment Service and representatives 
of the Veterans Administration in each area covered. At these meetings, the 
method of organizing, the responsibilities, services and procedures of the 
new Veterans Information Centers were described in detail. As a result, a 
Veterans Information center under the direct sponsorship of the State and 
County Veterans Service Committee was established in every county in 
Illinois. 

In such towns as Elgin, Rockford, Aurora, Moline, Peoria, Decatur. 
Springfield, and East St. Louis, each community itself had organized a Com- 
munity Information Center. The County Veterans Service Committees in these 
communities lent their full cooperation to these community centers, thus avoid- 
ing possible confliction and duplication of effort. State Headquarters worked 
closely with the community centers, furnishing them with the official reemploy- 
ment service handbook and assisting in any other way possible. 



247 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



STATE COOPERATION 



The Hon. Dwight H. Green, a veteran of World War I himself, feeling a 
heavy responsibility as the chief executive of the State, established the Illinois 
Veterans Commission through the cooperation of the Illinois State Legisla- 
ture. The purpose of the Commission was to render every possible assistance 
to Illinois veterans of all wars. 

The Commission established offices in every county in the State and ap- 
pointed qualified veterans as County Service Officers. In order that the 
establishment of these veterans assistance offices could be expedited, State 
Director Armstrong permitted them to be set up temporarily in Local Board 
offices throughout the State. In addition, members of the System in Illinois 
assisted in all other ways possible, so that veterans could have the benefits of 
the State's assistance plan without undue delay. 

The Illinois Veterans Commission has continued to maintain its county 
service officers in all counties, and these men have given valuable service 
locally to the men and women who served in the armed forces of their country. 

THE PUBLIC RELATIONS VIEWPOINT 

That the reemployment provision of the Selective Training and Service 
Act of 1940 was a sound provision was reflected by the approval and con- 
fidence of the veterans and the general public and the whole-hearted coopera- 
tion of employers in general. The assurance of a return to the old position 
after military service had been completed lightened the worries of many a 
man and woman entering the armed forces. The reemployment provision 
helped considerably to promote the general public's confidence in the whole 
law. The splendid and patriotic cooperation of Illinois employers as a class 
was reflected in the fact that, in the cases of approximately 900,000 veterans 
returning to Illinois, State Headquarters processed only 137 cases for Fed- 
eral court action — out of a possible 260 reported to the Headquarters. 

Illinois Selective Service constantly engaged in a campaign to educate 
both employers and veterans in the provisions of the reemployment section 
of the Selective Service law. The State Director contacted the Illinois Manu- 
facturers Association, the Chicago Association of Commerce and main other 
industrial groups and, in addition to addressing their meetings, prevailed 
upon them to publish complete articles on reemployment rights in their pub- 
lications. Special meetings of Chambers of Commerce, local chapters of Lions. 
Kiwanis and other groups, as well as meeting of the administrative staffs of 
individual manufacturers, were attended and addressed by officers on the 
State Director's staff. 

Releases were issued regularly to the press and radio so that veterans 
and their families might become fully acquainted with the benefits accorded 



248 



REEMPLOYMENT 



by the Selective Service law. Detailed information was supplied to newspaper 
columnists and radio commentators for transmission to readers and listeners. 

By virtue of the attention which Illinois Selective Service gave to educating 
both employers and veterans as to veterans' rights, reemployment problems 
in this State were reduced to a minimum. The cases requiring Selective Serv- 
ice assistance were usually borderline or where either the employer or the 
veteran was obstinate and unreasonable in his stand. As a rule, only about 
one case in a hundred was deemed serious enough to refer to State Head- 
quarters for special action. 

In Cook County, the cases were handled by telephone conversation or by 
personal appearance at the Veterans Personnel Division in the Chicago 
office of State Headquarters. Downstate, depending on the nature of the 
case, each case was handled by mail or by personal visit of the local Reem- 
ployment Committeemen (in a few cases, an officer from State Headquarters) 
with the employer concerned. 

Following is a brief report of the numbers of reemployment cases handled 
by the three United States District Attorneys in Illinois — for the period of 
September, 1940 to January, 1947, inclusive: 

Northern District Eastern District Southern District 
Number of veterans receiving re- 
employment assistance from 
U. S. District Attorney 59 90 27 

Number of cases settled by con- 
ciliation or court action 59 71 18 

Number of cases still pending as 

of January 31, 1947 19 9 

HANDLING OF SEPARATION NOTICES 

The Veterans Personnel Division had the responsibility for distributing 
the separation notices of veterans discharged from the armed forces. This 
function was carried on routinely by the Division, each separation notice 
being mailed to the Local Board of jurisdiction so that the Board might know 
of the discharge of its registrant and be prepared to render any needed and 
possible assistance to the veteran. Beginning with October, 1944, when gen- 
eral demobilization began, the Veterans Personnel Division was required to 
add ten clerks to its staff and, during several months of that period processed 
over 100,000 separation notices a month. 

DISCHARGE REQUESTS 

On January 10, 1942, the National Director issued special instructions on 
the subject of assistance to be rendered in cases of registrants inducted 



249 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

through Selective Service process applying for discharge from the Army. 
Applications for discharge arose chiefly from the following types: 

1. The registrant who was not deferred because his wife worked and 
aided in the support of the family unit. Frequently, following induc- 
tion of such a registrant, the wife found herself unable to carr\ on 
because of illness, loss of job, pregnancy, or other substantial reason. 

2. The new 1\ -married registrant whose claim for deferment had not been 
recognized because of the recent date of his marriage. 

3. The registrant whose home dependency status changed by reason of 
death, illness or other disability of a parent or other individual ren- 
dering family support — subsequent to the registrant's induction. 

4. The registrant whose employer's production suffered because of in- 
ability to find a satisfactory replacement for the registrant in the latter's 
occupation prior to his induction. 

For several years, the Army followed the policy of forwarding every such 
discharge request to the State Director for consultation with the Local Board 
concerned and approval or disapproval. Under this system, the State Director 
forwarded the discharge request to the registrant's Local Board asking that 
the Board investigate the dependency or employment claims set forth in the 
discharge application and render its opinion as to the worthiness of the 
request. The State Director, on his own consideration, made his recommen- 
dation either for discharge or retention in service and forwarded the dis- 
charge file to the Army, which exercised final decision in the matter. 

In a number of cases where the application for discharge was denied, 
commanding officers would improperly notify the soldier requesting the dis- 
charge that the latter's Local Board had recommended retention in the service 
(a statement which may have been either true or false I . with the result that 
the soldier and his dependents made vigorous complaint against the Local 
Board. In many of such cases, the Local Board or the State Director had 
actually recommended discharge, but the Army, being the final authority, 
had determined to retain the applicant in service. 

In the last years f the Selective Service program, the Army did not call 
upon State Directors for assistance on discharge applications, but handled me 
subject within the Army, occasionally calling upon the American Red Cross 
for investigation of dependency claims. This latter procedure, while the Red 
Cross was given no blame whatever, rightfully Irritated Local Boards who 
felt that, because the law had given them the responsibility of determining 
whether or not a registrant's dependency status entitled him to deferment 
from military service, the Board should also make' the decision as to whether 
or not the soldier's dependents status at home warranted his release from 
service. 



250 



REEMPLOYMENT 

During the period of January 10, 1942 to January 4, 1946 a total of 
13,608 individual applications for discharge were processed through the 
Veterans Personnel Division of State Headquarters as indicated below: 

DEPENDENCY 

State Director recommended disapproval 6,758 

State Director recommended approval 495 

State Director took no action 848 



8.101 



CONVENIENCE OF THE GOVERNMENT 

State Director recommended disapproval 3,872 

State Director recommended approval 493 

State Director took no action 888 

Erroneous Induction 26 

Added applications from same individual 282 



5,507 



13,608 



<> 



A Tale of Dan Cupid 

Romance, too, flourished within the Selective Service System in Illinois. 
While no statistics of marriages due to Selective Service contacts were kept, 
one instance is worth special mention. 

Emmet Felker, a veteran of World War I and a confirmed bachelor, was 
the Clerk of Chicago Board 50. In the territory next to his own Board, Mrs. 
Mildred Pfister, a widow, was the clerical chief of Chicago Board 56. The 
interchange, by telephone, of inquiries pertaining to registration cards in their 
respective areas was the first introduction of the two clerks. 

Four months after Felker and Mrs. Pfister started talking to each other 
on the telephone, they met personally. It was really a case of love at first 
sight — aided, perhaps, by mutual friendliness and helpfulness over the phone. 

At any rate, they were married on December 13, 1941, and Mrs. Felker 
told us that she, for one, fully understood the reasons why her husband had 
to work late so many nights. 



251 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



C{jertific&te o€ 




In accordance unth )(ouse Joint Resobjtion'Jt: 40 abcyub by the 
1 64* (WalAs^tW tltt State c^ IllinoU w 
this Certificate of PUtincjuisheo Service is au>aroeo to : 

Paul WiUar* 
%chu#\cr QtotmLy Cocci 3oar6 1 

Elective £cr\>xc* J&yzUxt) 

far his patriotic continuation of voluntary service so necessary 
to the successful ano complete prosecution of our Hations \»av 
effort, his honest, conscientious ano efficient performance of 
official outlet atxb his fioelity to his oath of office . 

Presenter Tor the State of Illinois : 





COVIQNM 



ICOETAHY Of STATl 



THE STATE'S TRIBUTE TO VOLUNTEER WORKERS 
Authorized by the Illinois State Legislature, this Certificate was awarded 
to certain volunteer personnel who continued their service after victory 
appeared inevitable. Each recipient's name was hand-lettered on the 

Certificate awarded to him. 



252 



CHAPTER XIX 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 

Since public opinion is the final court in which the success or failure of 
any public activity is judged, it was important that the functions, policies and 
achievements of the Selective Service System constantly be kept before the 
general public. Complete information on the functions of the System and 
the obligations of registrants, dependents, employers and others concerned 
promoted smoother operation and more efficient accomplishment of the objec- 
tives of the law. Knowledge of the System's policies promoted understand- 
ing, cooperation and appreciation of the many and complex problems in- 
volved. Stories of the achievements of the System in its efforts to procure 
manpower for the armed forces promoted confidence at a time when public 
faith in the System's democratic process was vital to the success of the war 
effort. Occasionally, when some unusual circumstance or misunderstanding 
would arise to create the possibility of dangerous unfavorable opinion toward 
the System, facts had to be ferreted out and the truth given to the public. 

In setting up his public relations policies and procedures, the State 
Director was fortunate in having two staff officers who had formerly served 
as newspaper reporters and public relations counsel, and these two men were 
given, in addition to other duties, the task of keeping the public informed on 
Selective Service matters. 

In order that factual information and policies might be disseminated in 
an orderly manner, the State Director issued orders that: (1) all publicity 
releases would be given out only by the two officers assigned to public rela- 
tions duties; (2) no release would be issued where a matter of policy or 
other importance was involved without the State Director's personal approval; 

(3) that all publications and public information media were to receive equal 
consideration and that no exclusive release would be issued unless to a pub- 
lication which, of itself, had originated the query on the matter to be issued; 

(4) that publicity releases would be issued from time to time only as definite 
needs indicated. The press and radio were made fully acquainted with, and 
gave hearty approval to, the public relations policies of the System in Illinois. 

NEWSPAPERS 

As relations with the newspapers of Illinois are viewed in retrospect, it 
can honestly be said that the cooperation which they gave to the Selective 
Service System was virtually perfect. Every release issued by the System was 
given full consideration. Whenever a situation arose which, on first impres- 
sion, indicated unfairness to a registrant, dependent or employer, the news- 
paper concerned invariably checked the story with the State Director or the 
System's public relations officers so that the truth might be published. 



253 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



In the early phases of Selective Service operation, it would have been im- 
possible for the System to function had it not been for the dissemination of 
instructions and other vital information through the press. At the period 
when time was short, the newspapers devoted pages to printing the main 
features of the Selective Service law, detailed obligations of registrants, de- 
pendents and employers. All of the publications devoted considerable space 
to the lists of registration stations, the areas covered, many of them producing 
large maps of the Local Board territories. (One large map of Chicago Local 
Board areas was produced by The Chicago Tribune and, through the courtesy 
of that newspaper, was reproduced and distributed as an official map to all 
the Local Boards in Illinois, as well as to hundreds of employers.) 

A number of newspapers conducted regular columns ("Soldier's Friend" 
in The Chicago Herald-American, "Friend of the Yank" in the Chicago 
Tribune, and others) for the benefit of readers desiring information on cur- 
rent Selective Service regulations and policies. The conductors of these col- 
umns were in constant touch with the public relations officers of the System 
in order to print substantial and correct information. 

During the first year and a half of the Selective Service operation — at a 
time when most needed instruction on the various functions of the System 
and the obligations of registrants, dependents and employers — a weekly 
"news-bulletin" was sent to all daily and weekly newspapers in Illinois, as 
well as to trade publications, Chamber of Commerce publications and indus- 
trial house organs. The brief and factual information contained in this 
"news-bulletin" was universally used by the Illinois press. 

RADIO 

It would be difficult to estimate the value of the broadcasting time given 
free to the Selective Service System by the radio industry in Illinois. Unfor- 
tunately, a detailed record of all such time was not kept by the System, but 
it is safe to say that every radio station in the State contributed generously 
toward keeping the public informed as to the requirements and achievements 
of Selective Service. 

Countless spot announcements were issued to and made by the radio. 
Time after time, stations gave the System periods varying from five to four- 
teen minutes for talks by the State Director or members of his staff. 

Perhaps the most extensively planned and produced radio program on 
behalf of Selective Service was the "Draft Quiz," a program produced through 
the cooperation of The Chicago Herald-American and Radio Station W J J D 
of Chicago. The program, which was inaugurated on May 5, 1941 and con- 
tinued until August 20, 1942, took place once a week at a regularly scheduled 
broadcast hour. It was conducted by the "Soldier's Friend"* Editor (first b\ 
William S. Bishop, who subsequently was commissioned in the United States 
Navy on July 24, 1942 and assigned to the Illinois Selective Service System, 



2f>t 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 




THE PUBLIC WAS INFORMED 

So that the general public might be kept 
constantly informed of the requirements 
of the Selective Service law, as well as 
changes in the regulations, the State 
Director and his staff were steady users 
of the radio and press to present import- 
ant messages to the public. At left, Col. 
onel Armstrong is shown broadcasting 
helpful information regarding "Jobs for 
G.I. Joe" over Radio Station WBBM on 
January 14, 1945. 



and later by Jack Little) of The Chicago Herald- American. With the "Sol- 
dier's Friend," appeared State Director Armstrong (every fifth or sixth pro- 
gram) or one of the members of his staff. Popular questions submitted to 
the "Soldier's Friend" were asked on the air by Mr. Bishop (and, commenc- 
ing July 30, 1942, by Mr. Little) and answered by the Selective Service 
representative appearing on each program. 

Every "Draft Quiz" program was recorded, the transcriptions then being 
shipped to fifteen other radio stations in Illinois for broadcasting locally. 
Thus, the entire State was well covered by these instructional broadcasts. 

Following is a chronological list of the "Draft Quiz" programs broadcast 
over Station WJJD in Chicago and fifteen other Illinois stations. The 
interviewer on all programs was Mr. William S. Bishop up until July 30, 
1942, at which time the program was taken over by Mr. Jack Little, Mr. 
Bishop's successor of the Herald-American's service column, "Soldier's 
Friend." Guests of the "Soldier's Friend" were: 

May 5, 1941 Col. Paul G. Armstrong, State Director 

May 12, 1941 Col. Louis A. Boening, Assistant State Director, 

and Mr. William H. King, Jr., Administrator of the 
Cook County Boards of Appeal 

May 19, 1941 Col. Paul G. Armstrong and Mr. Stephen E. Hurley, 

Coordinator of Advisory Boards for Registrants of 
Cook County 

May 26, 1941 Maj. E. Mann Hartlett, State Medical Officer, and 

Mr. John Rigney, pitcher for the Chicago White Sox 



255 



SFXECTIYK SKRVICK IN ILLINOIS 



June 2, 1941 Col. Paul G. Armstrong and Maj. Stanley R. McNeil, 

Executive Officer at the Chicago office of State Head- 
quarters 

June 9, 1941 Lt. Col. Leigh N. Bittinger, Deputy State Director, 

and Maj. Howard G. Wade. Occupational Advisor 

June 16, 1941 Gov. Dwight H. Green and Col. Paul G. Armstrong 

October 9, 1941 Maj. Stanley R. McNeil 

October 16, 1941 Col. Harris P. Ralston. State Advisor on Occupa- 
tional Deferments 

October 24, 1941 Maj. Marshall G. Buck. Chief of Field Division 

November 3, 1941 Maj. E. Mann Hartlett 

November 10, 1941 Col. Paul G. Armstrong 

November 17, 1941 Coy. Louis A. Boening 

November 24, 1941 Maj. Lloyd W. Warfel, Occupational Advisor 

December 8, 1941 Capt. Baird V. Helfrich. State Legal Advisor 

December 14, 1941 Col. Paul G. Armstrong 

December 22, 1941 Col. Clay M. Donner. Executive Officer, State Head- 
quarters 

January 5, 1942 Maj. E. Mann Hartlett 

January 12, 1942 Mr. William H. King. Jr. 

January 19, 1942 Maj. Stanley R. McNeil 

January 26, 1942 Maj. Marshall G. Buck 

February 9, 1942 Lt. Charles J. Magnesen, Administrative Assistant 

February 23, 1942 Maj. Lloyd W. Warfel 

March 9, 1942 Col. Clay M. Donner 

March 16. 1942 Lt. Col. Victor A. Kleber. Administrative Assistant. 

Chicago Office 

March 26, 1942 Col. Harris P. Ralston 

April 2, 1942 Mr. Tappan Gregory. Coordinator of Government 

Appeal Agents in Cook County 

April 9, 1912 Mr. Edwin H. Felt, Administrative Assistant. Chi- 
cago Office 

April 16, 1942 Maj. E. Mann Hartlett 

May 7, 1942 Maj. Lloyd W. Warfel 

June 4, 1912 Anniversary Program (half hour) -Col. I'aul G. 

Armstrong and Fight Members of State Headquar- 
ters Staff 

June 11, 1942 Lt. Com. Walter J. Eden. Navv Liaison Officer 



June 18, 1912 Lt. Norman \\ . Smith. Assistant Public Relations 

Officer, ( Ihicago Office 

June 29, 1912 Mr. Edwin H. Felt 

July 3, 1912 Maj. E. Mann Hartlett 



256 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 

July 9, 1942 Col. Louis A. Boening 

July 16, 1942 Col. Paul G. Armstrong 

July 23, 1942 Maj. E. Mann Hartlett 

July 30, 1942 Col. Harris P. Ralston 

August 6, 1942 Maj. Baird V. Helfrich 

August 13, 1942 Capt. Roy W. Bartlett of Finance Department, Sixth 

Service Command, and Lt. William S. Bishop, As- 
sistant Navy Liaison Officer 

August 20, 1942 Col. Louis A. Boening 

ILLINOIS RADIO STATIONS WHICH USED TRANSCRIPTIONS 
OF "DRAFT QUIZ" 

Radio Station WSOY, Radio Station WCBS, Radio Station WEBQ, 

Decatur, Illinois Springfield. Illinois Harrisburg, Illinois 

Radio Station WGIL, Radio Station WHBF, Radio Station WTMV, 

Galesburg. Illinois Rock Island, Illinois East St. Louis, Illinois 

Radio Station WDAM. Radio Station WROK. Radio Station WDWS, 

Danville, Illinois Rockford, Illinois Champaign, Illinois 

Radio Station WDZ. Radio Station WMBD, Radio Station WJBC, 

Tuscola, Illinois Peoria, Illinois Bloomington. Illinois 

Radio Station WTAX, Radio Station WTAD, Radio Station WCAZ, 

Springfield, Illinois Quincy, Illinois Carthage, Illinois 

Gov. Dwight H. Green and State Director Armstrong appeared on several 
radio programs over Station WGN for the discussion of Selective Service 
matters. Colonel Armstrong also made three appearances on the Northwestern 
University "Reviewing Stand" broadcast over the same station. WGN also 
carried four special talks by Colonel Armstrong, as well as innumerable spot 
announcements on Selective Service information. 

For over a year. Radio Station WBBM carried the program, "This War 
and You," in which representatives of the Army, the Navy, the Marine Corps, 
the Selective Service System and the War Manpower Commission, gave ad- 
vice to registrants pertaining to their status and possibilities in the various 
branches represented. A staff officer from State Headquarters represented 
the System at each broadcast. WBBM also carried talks by the State Director 
and members of his staff in addition to a flood of spot announcements. 

Stations WMAQ. WENR, WIBO, WCFL and WIND also generously 
allotted periods of five to fourteen minutes for Selective Service talks by 
Colonel Armstrong and members of his staff, also making numerous spot 
announcements. Special announcements were made by Stations WAAF, 
WMBI, WEDC, WGES and WSBC. 

Downstate radio stations cooperated likewise and gave their time freely 
for talks by Colonel Armstrong and his staff members and for spot announce- 
ments — in addition to the "Draft Quiz" re-broadcasts mentioned above. 



257 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

STATE HEADQUARTERS HOUSE ORGAN— "CHATS" 

From the beginning, it was believed that a State Headquarters "house 
organ" would be advisable. Therefore, after an opinion survey among local 
board members and clerks, State Headquarters launched the publication. 
"Selective Service News." The name of the publication was later shortened 
to "CHATS." This publication presented (1) an editorial message from the 
State Director, (2) special news items about local and appeal boards and 
their personnel, (3) short items regarding the application of regulations and 
policies and (4) a few items of appropriate poetry and humor. Occasionally, 
photographs and drawings were used for specific purposes. The publication 
was produced by multilith process, and was issued approximately every 60 
days. 

On two occasions, in the publication itself, we invited comments and 
criticisms about "CHATS." While there were a few caustic criticisms (some 
of them helpful), the overwhelming comment was in favor of the publication. 
"CHATS" was, in the later years, sent to officers at National Headquarters 
and to other State Directors, many of whom were kind enough to send State 
Director Armstrong favorable comment regarding the publication. 

All in all, it was felt that "CHATS" was an indispensable publication. It 
was not only a handy means of promoting morale; it was a medium in which 
State Headquarters could clarify doubtful points of regulations or correct 
some existing evil — in a manner far more human and interesting than could 
ordinarily be permitted in formal memoranda from State Headquarters. 

PERSONAL APPEARANCES BY STATE DIRECTOR 
AND STAFF 

During the period of almost seven years operation of the Selective Service 
System, State Director Armstrong made over 700 talks before veterans" or- 
ganizations, chambers of commerce, trade groups, service clubs, women's 
clubs, churches and other associations and groups in Illinois— in addition to 
educational talks to area group meetings of Selective Service personnel. 
Members of his staff also appeared before such groups to discuss the various 
phases of Selective Service operation, as well as presenting to many industrial 
and community groups a specific explanation of rights of returning service- 
men under the Selective Service law and the G.I. Bill of Rights. 

Colonel Armstrong, Colonel Ralston and several other members of the 
staff appeared before the Chicago Association of Commerce, the Illinois 
Manufacturers Association, the Chicago Newspaper Publishers Association 
and other industrial groups for the purpose of explaining specific require- 
ments and policies in the matters of occupational deferment and reemploy- 
ment. The Chicago Association ol Commerce conducted Selective Service 



2. r ,a 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 



"schools" and panel discussions at regular intervals in order that their mem- 
bers might not only become fully acquainted with the Selective Service regu- 
lations and policies but also might lend their fullest cooperation in the interest 
of the war effort. The dates, speakers and subjects of these educational meet- 
ings were: 



Date of Meeting 
Nov. 5, 1941 

Jan. 21, 1942 

May 20, 1942 

Sept. 22, 1942 

Dec. 17, 1942 
Feb. 24, 1943 
Apr. 23, 1943 



Speaker 

State Director Armstrong 

Maj. Lloyd W.Warf el 

Maj. Lloyd W.Warf el 

Maj. Harry W. Taylor 



Lt. Col. George A. Irvin 
of National Headquarters 

Lt. Col. George A. Irvin 
Capt. John B. Morgan 



May 7, 1943 Col. Ralston 



July 15, 1943 Col. Ralston 



Dec. 3, 1943 
May 1, 1944 



State Director Armstrong 
Col. Ralston 



June 8, 1944 Col. Ralston 



Dec. 20, 1944 
Mar. 5, 1945 



State Director Armstrong 
and Col. Ralston 

Col. Ralston 



Subject 

"Reemployment Program of Selec- 
tive Service" 

"Occupational Deferment in Selec- 
tive Service" 

"Occupational Deferment in Selec- 
tive Service" 

"The Occupational Status of Your 
Married Personnel Subject to 
Draft" 

"Manning Tables and Replacement 
Schedules" 

"Occupational Deferment for Es- 
sential Workers" 

"How the New Selective Service 
Regulations Will Affect Your Em- 
ployees" 

"The Policy of the Illinois State 
Director of Selective Service on 
the Submission of Revised Re- 
placement Schedules" 

"Recent Changes in the Prepara- 
tion of the Replacement Schedule 
and the Renewed Schedule" 

"Current Developments in Selec- 
tive Service Policy" 

"Current Illinois Selective Service 
Policy on Replacement Schedules 
and Occupational Deferments" 

"Revised Replacement Schedule 
Plan and Other Deferment Pro- 
cedures" 

"Providing Labor for Essential 
War Production in Chicago" 

"Revised Procedure for Request- 
ing Occupational Deferments for 
Employees: Ages 18 through 29 
and Ages 30 through 37" 



259 



SKI.KCTINK SKK\ ICE l\ ILLINOIS 



GENERAL 



Typical of the special problems which arose and which required careful 
public relations procedure in handling was the case of the missing registra- 
tion cards at Cook County Local Board No. 1 at Arlington Heights, which took 
in all the far northwest territory of the county. 

As stated previously, the first registration was conducted by the election 
machinery. Through some inadvertence, 211 registration cards from the town 
of Palatine became lost between the registration station at Palatine and the 
County Clerk's office. After a careful search failed to disclose the missing 
cards, State Director Armstrong determined that new registrations would be 
taken of the 211 registrants concerned. 

Immediately, State Headquarters began to get reports that the people of 
Palatine and the surrounding territory suspected some collusion or conspiracy 
to show favoritism to certain of the registrants whose cards were missing. 
It was vital that public confidence in the Selective Service System be main- 
tained, and Colonel Armstrong decided that the serial numbering of the 
cards of the men re-registered at Palatine should be dramatized in order to 
focus public attention upon the fairness of the Selective Service method of 
determining the order in which men would be called into service. 

Accordingly, after the entire 211 men had been re-registered, Colonel 
Armstrong, Assistant State Director Boening and several staff members went 
to Palatine and, before an assemblage of approximately a thousand citizens 
of the community, held a drawing of the serial numbers involved in the 
re-registration. A glass bowl was set up — after the fashion of the National 
Lottery in Washington — and, after Colonel Armstrong picked out the first 
serial number, each registrant concerned was permitted to select his own 
serial number which, according to the National Lottery Master List, would 
determine the order in which he would be called for service. 

Because the dramatization of the selection of serial numbers at Palatine 
was given widespread publicity, not only were the citizens of the communit) 
of Palatine convinced that the registrants concerned were receiving a fair 
deal, but a good share of the rest of the country saw how the Selective Service 
System insured equality in selection in the case of loss of original registration 
cards. 

Another phase of public relations was in the handling of confidential in- 
formation by the Local Boards. Selective Service regulations provided that 
certain information in a registrant's file be kept strictly confidential. In addi- 
tion, since the information contained in a registrant's file had been compiled 
solely for use of the Selective Service System, rigid policies were established 
to prevent such information from being used for private purposes. 

Among the "private purposes," was the widespread idea thai Selective 
Service files could be used as a "missing persons bureau.*" Deserted wives 
sought the latest addresses of their errant husbands; collection attorneys and 



260 



PUBLIC RELATIONS 

credit firms tried to locate delinquent debtors; insurance companies sought 
special information regarding the physical condition of registrants — and so on. 

Illinois Selective Service, however, held strictly to the regulations and 
policies and refused to permit any confidential information to be revealed 
except, as provided by the regulations, when the registrant concerned signed 
a written consent for the revelation of the confidential information desired. 
In most cases, it was the job of the public relations officer to explain the legal 
inability to comply with requests for confidential information unless consent 
was obtained from the registrant in question. 

Occasionally, the handling of some case would cause public resentment in 
a community. When word of such feeling reached State Headquarters, the 
facts in the particular case were obtained and, where violation of con- 
fidence was not involved, publicized in the community involved in order that 
the public confidence in the operation of the System be maintained without 
break. While it was logical that all persons concerned could not be satisfied, 
State Headquarters usually managed to clear up misunderstandings and show 
the factual reasons for a Local Board taking a particular action. 

State Director Armstrong several times issued publicity releases on the 
matter of rejected registrants who were being unfairly subjected to local 
criticism. A registrant might appear to the general public to be in good 
condition; yet his careful physical examination revealed a bad heart, a serious 
rupture, or some other defect which, while not apparent to the general public, 
was a specific cause for rejection for military service. Colonel Armstrong 
pleaded with the public for fair consideration of these cases and asked that 
Class IV-F men not be judged by their physical appearance and apparent 
good health, but rather by the judgment of the Local Board concerned. Of 
course, in any case where evidence uncovered either an intentional or pre- 
meditated fraud, proper action was taken to correct the situation promptly. 

REACTIONS AND ATTITUDE OF THE PUBLIC, PRESS, 

AND OF SELECTEES TOWARD SELECTIVE 

SERVICE OPERATIONS 

The attitude of the public in general was excellent, the best proof being 
the many flag presentations made to Local Boards and the many testimonial 
dinners and meetings in honor of Local Boards given by The American 
Legion and other civic organizations throughout the State. 

The attitude of the press was exceptionally fine. State Headquarters en- 
deavored to work closely with the press and maintain the policy of treating 
every publication with the same consideration. In several instances, where 
hostility appeared to be starting in some particular newspaper, we met the 
threat by contacting the publisher, making any necessary investigation and 
clearing up what inevitably proved to be a misunderstanding or an unwilling- 



261 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



ness to investigate before publication. Too much credit cannot be given the 
press of Illinois for their great contribution to the Selective Service effort. 
Selectees generally accepted their lot without complaint. Obviously, there 
were many cases in which the selectees — because of an unwillingness to accept 
their just share of the Nation's defense burden — felt that they were mis- 
treated. Some of these men changed their minds. The closed minds of others 
could not be opened by any means. The fact that many Local Board Members 
have been warmly greeted by their veterans of World War II is evidence that 
the selectees' attitude toward Selective Service was friendly- 
It is felt that the Selective Service process, as operated prior to and 
during World War II. has been "fair and just." The complete absence of 
mass reaction in any community in Illinois is evidence of public satisfaction. 
No Selective Service law could possibly be written to satisfy everyone — or 
even to insure that no person somewhere along the line would be subject to 
injustice. So long as the human element is involved in any operation, such 
operation must develop errors from time to time. However, in view of the 
tremendous size of the operation the many factors involved and various other 
considerations, it is felt that Selective Service was operated in a most effective 
and satisfactory manner. It is also felt that policies and regulations in effect 
at the termination of Selective Service may, with some slight variations, be 
considered the logical basis for future Selective Service operation. 

APPRAISAL OF VALUE OF GOOD PUBLIC RELATIONS 

The success of the war effort depended mainly upon the maintenance of 
good will, confidence and national enthusiasm of the general public. The 
breaking down of confidence in a local spot would spread, like an infection, 
to wider areas. Hence, no incident was too small to be investigated and have 
proper measures taken to correct a misunderstanding or misconception of 
the functions or operation of the Selective Service System. 

It is believed that the contacts made through personal appearances, the 
press, the radio and correspondence were a definite factor toward building 
and retaining good will for the System and to eliminate fears and misconcep- 
tions about the application of the regulations. While the Selective Service 
law, itself, was prima facie evidence of the provisions and requirements of 
the Act, there was nevertheless a great and continuing need for keeping the 
public fully informed as to the requirements of the law and changes in the 
regulations, as well as the reasons for certain actions. 

The Illinois Selective Service System recognized its responsibilities on the 
matter of public relations — not only with the general public, but also with its 
own personnel— and took almost every possible step toward disseminating 
necessary information to the public and building and retaining good will for 
the System. Good public relations procedure unquestionably helped tlii- 
State achieve its unusual record in Selective Service accomplishments. 



262 



CHAPTER XX 



ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAW 

The Selective Service Regulations, which had the full effect of the law 
itself, provided that any registrant who failed to register, failed to notify his 
Local Board of a change of address or other important status, failed to report 
for physical examination or induction, or failed to perform any other duty 
required of him under the Act, was to be declared a "delinquent" and, unless 
the delinquency were cleared up. was to be prosecuted for such delinquency 
in accordance with the law and regulations. 

The Selective Service law also imposed certain duties upon dependents, 
employers and others and provided that failure to comply with such duties, 
or the commission of any act which hindered or interfered with the adminis- 
tration of the law. made such persons liable to federal prosecution. 

The penalties for conviction of violation of the Selective Service law 
were: up to five years confinement in a federal penitentiary, or up to $10,000 
fine, or both confinement and fine. 

In general, the citizens of Illinois gave excellent cooperation toward full 
compliance with the law and regulations. Cases of deliberate violations were 
rare, and these were dealt with promptly and strenuously. It was natural, of 
course, that many persons would go afoul of the specific provisions of the law 
or regulations unintentionally. Illinois Local Boards, the State Director and 
his legal staff recognized the practical side of human weakness and always 
gave every delinquent full opportunity to correct his delinquency, hesitating 
to take stringent action unless it appeared that a violation was deliberate. 

That the problem of delinquency was a minor one in Illinois is best re- 
flected by the fact that only .007% of the total registration (excluding the 
Fourth Registration — men 45 to 64 years, inclusive) was reported delinquent, 
and at the termination of Selective Service, only .003% was still delinquent. 

PROCEDURE IN HANDLING DELINQUENTS 

In the early part of the Selective Service program, many Local Boards 
found it necessary to declare a number of registrants delinquent because of 
failure to report changes of address. Only a few of these cases were formallv 
reported to the I nited States District Attorney, and then only when a Board 
had some evidence or reasonable grounds for suspecting that the registrant 
was attempting to evade service. 

Most of the delinquencies of the above type were found in Board areas 
where the standards of literacy and intelligence were lowest. Men in the 
so-called lower strata were inclined to change residence frequently, and it 
was almost impossible to keep up with them. Generally speaking, there was 



263 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



no deliberate attempt on their part to evade any of their responsibilities under 
the law or regulations. However, the careless attitude usually found in illiter- 
ate persons and those of low intelligence was such as to cause them to overlook 
the importance of notifying their Local Boards of changes of address. Too, 
these particular men, because of their general inability to understand, often 
failed to realize that they had certain Selective Service responsibilities to 
carry out. 

The list of minor delinquents was so great in Illinois in January of 1943 
that Local Boards were requested to release lists of such delinquents to their 
local newspapers. This publicity action cleared up the great majority of minor 
delinquencies and promoted a future caution on the part of registrants to 
make sure that they notified their respective Local Boards whenever mailing 
addresses were changed. 

In cases where Local Boards learned that persons required to register for 
Selective Service had not done so and would not so comply with the law, the 
Boards reported the delinquents to the L^nited States District Attorney, who 
took prompt action, obtaining a number of convictions in these cases. In the 
first few months of the program, there was considerable publicity in connection 
with cases of men who, because of religious convictions or other reasons, 
refused to register for Selective Service. As convictions increased, other pro- 
testers against registration lost their recalcitrance and complied with the law. 

A delinquent registrant who failed to report for induction was reported 
to the United States District Attorney, by the Local Board. The District 
Attorney immediately notified the Federal Bureau of Investigation, who would 
then endeavor to apprehend the delinquent. Based upon its findings, the 
F.B.I, made its report to the District Attorney who was the sole authority as 
to prosecution or dismissal of the case. 

In February of 1943, the National Director of Selective Service requested 
that a special and concentrated effort be made to clear up as many delinquency 
cases as possible. A drive was immediately conducted in Illinois with the 
result that approximately 45% of the delinquencies were taken off the records. 
Again in the fall of 1944. a similar drive to reduce delinquencies was under- 
taken, which resulted in a clearance of 758 cases, or approximately 40%. In 
both of these drives, Selective Service was given the full cooperation of the 
press and radio. 

SPECIAL CASES OF ENFORCEMENT 

Illinois was exceptionally fortunate in avoiding a volume of prosecutions 
and convictions for violation of the Selective Service law. As compared to the 
great number of registrants in this Slate, the figures quoted below reveal the 
scarcity of violations — as well as the efficienc) of the I nited States Districl 
Attorneys and the Agents of the F. B. I. The great bulk of the cases brought 
to the attention of the District Attorneys had to be closed without prosecution 



264 



ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAW 

for want of specific evidence to warrant conviction. The second largest num- 
ber of closures of cases was occasioned by delinquent registrants being per- 
mitted by the Federal courts to volunteer for induction in lieu of prosecution 
for delinquency. 

As is the case in any large organization, Illinois Selective Service could 
not hope to escape entirely the tendency of some humans to become weak in 
their obligations and succumb to temptation of gain. Local Board Members 
throughout the State were constantly being offered bribes for certain conces- 
sions or classifications favorable to registrants, employers or dependents. To 
the everlasting credit of almost the entire family of Local Board Members, it 
can be said that they refused to lend an ear to these bribe offers, and pre- 
ferred to render their decisions in true accordance with their sworn obliga- 
tion. Yet, unfortunately, three Board Members did weaken in the face of 
money offers, were convicted and sentenced to Federal prison for their parts 
in conspiracies to keep certain registrants out of service. 

There were very few occasions when violence played a part in the adminis- 
tration of the Selective Service law. The outstanding one in our State oc- 
curred in central Illinois where a father and son conspired to keep the son 
from being inducted. When a clear violation of the law had been established 
and the sheriff's deputies went to the home to arrest the son, a gun fight ensued 
with the result that the deputies, in defense of their own lives, had to kill the 
son and wound the father. One of the deputies was wounded so critically 
that his life was despaired of for several days. 

When the two officers reached the farm house and notified the son that it 
would be necessary for him to accompany them under arrest, there was ap- 
parently no objection. However, the father suddenly lunged at the Deputy 
Marshal with a large knife and inflicted a gaping wound in the Marshal's 
neck. The son then attacked the Deputy Sheriff. The officers finally managed 
to draw their guns from under their overcoats and wounded both the father 
and the son, the latter more seriously. The officers took the wounded son 
immediately to the hospital in a nearby city, where an emergency operation 
was performed, but without avail, for the son died the next morning. 

Both the Deputy Marshal and the Deputy Sheriff were seriously wounded, 
and an emergency operation was performed upon the Deputy Marshal, who 
remained in a critical condition for several days before being pronounced 
out of danger. 

The father was indicted and convicted in the Circuit Court of his county 
and sentenced to a term of one to fourteen years in the Illinois State Peniten- 
tiary at Joliet, a Federal warrant having been filed with the Warden of the 
Penitentiary as a detainer against the release of the father. 



265 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



STATISTICS 

The following statistics are based upon reports submitted in February of 
1947 by the United States District Attorneys in the Northern. Eastern and 
Southern Districts of Illinois: 

DELINQUENCY CASES 
Reports p,y the U. S. Attorneys for the Three Districts in Illinois 

Northern Southern Eastern 

District District District 

Oct., 1940 to Oct., 1940 to Oct., 1940 to 

Dec, 1946 Feb., 1947 Jan.. 1947 Totals 

Cases reported to U. S. D. A 14,117 1,765 1,281 17,163 

Cases closed without prosecution. . 8,515 391 812 10,718 

Cases closed by conviction 573 60 220 853 

Cases dismissed by the 

U. S. Commissioner 3,334 .... 243 3,577 

Closed by volunteering for 

induction 7 1(> .... 746 

Indictments but registrant fug- 

tive * 18 3 21 

Indictments dismissed by nolle 

or dismissal * 13 . . . . * 13 

Cases pending 678 .... 3 681 

Cases Registered, but no registra- 
tion card :: 470 .... * 470 

Cases apprehended and removed to 

other districts * 62 . . . . * 62 

Cases acquitted after indictment * 5 ....'" 5 

Cases not accounted for 17 .... .... 17 

14,117 1,765 1,281 17,163 

Cases were closed without prosecution because of the following general 
reasons: rectification of delinquency between time of referral to District 
Attorney and his action, facts indicated no deliberate wilfulness of viola- 
tion, registrant reinstated by Local Board, mistakes by Local Boards, in- 
sufficiency of evidence, registrant confined in penal institution, registrant 
suffering from fatal illness or having obvious disqualifying delects, voluntary 
enlistment, etc. 



* After receiving these reports Stale Headquarters again wrote the Northern and 
Eastern District Attorneys and requested a more complete report similar to that of the 
Southern District, but were told it was impossible to furnish this, as reports ami records 
had heon sent to the Department of Justice and were no longer available. 



266 



CHAPTER XXI 



SELECTIVE SERVICE COST IN ILLINOIS 

The induction of 629,516 Illinois men into the armed forces through their 
selection by the Selective Service System was a tremendous undertaking which, 
quite naturally, cost a considerable amount of money. The amount of money 
spent for obtaining these men for our righting forces might, in all propriety, 
also include the obtaining of perhaps an additional 50,000 men — a part of 
the group of 280,932 who enlisted or were commissioned in the various 
branches of service. The inevitability of their being inducted through Selec- 
tive Service unquestionably played a major part in the decisions of these 
50,000 men to enter the armed forces voluntarily. 

The processing of 629,516 men for the armed forces involved the em- 
ployment of hundreds of paid personnel and thousands of persons who served 
without compensation. It required the rental or procuring of office quarters 
for State Headquarters, 361 Local Boards and 20 Boards of Appeal, plus a 
tremendous amount of equipment and supplies. It meant many millions of 
classification actions and several million trips of registrants to and from the 
induction stations. In spite of the vast operation, Illinois held its cost down 
to an almost irreducible minimum. 



OPERATING PERSONNEL 

To accomplish a massive manpower procurement objective such as that 
achieved by Illinois required a large organization. While not all of the 
persons who served the Illinois Selective Service System (11,000 at the peak 
of its activities in 1945) were compensated, the System was required to 
maintain a salaried group of civilian employes — a peak of 1,367 in 1945. 
(The Army, Navy and Marine Corps officers assigned to the Illinois State 
Director were paid by their respective branches of service.) 

As the operating cost table on an ensuing page will show, the largest 
single item of cost was that of personnel. Close to 87% of the expenditure 
for personnel was used for the employment of clerical help for the Local 
Boards. The State Headquarters personnel expenditure amounted to approxi- 
mately 12% of the total for the entire personnel of the State. 

Originally, each Local Board was limited to one clerk. As the volume of 
work increased, the State Director was authorized to employ necessary addi- 
tional clerks. 

TRAVEL OF SELECTEES 

Another large item in Selective Service cost was the transportation of 
selectees to and from the induction stations. Only a slight, fractional part of 



267 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

the Travel of Selectees cost was incurred by the transportation of registrants 
to and from Medical Advisory Boards. 

fn the early days of the program — when selectees were inducted immedi- 
ately after being found acceptable for military service — Selective Service was 
required to pay for a one way trip of the selectee to the induction station. 
Only in case a selected man was rejected for military service was the System 
required to furnish transportation back to the rejected man's home area. 
After several methods of physical examination and induction procedure were 
tried, the final method made it necessary for the System to pay each selectee's 
transportation to and from the induction station for physical examination, 
plus another trip when the selectee was returned for actual induction. 

In addition to paying the cost for transporting Illinois registrants to the 
inductions stations, the System in this State was also required to provide the 
transportation for registrants of other States who were "transferred" for 
either physical examination or induction. This added, in no small measure, 
to the overall cost of such travel. 

RENTS AND UTILITIES 

Rents and utilities constituted the third largest item of cost. Through the 
generous cooperation of a number of postmasters, county commissioners or 
supervisors, and a few city officials, a small number of Local Boards in 
Illinois were provided with rent-free office space. Most of the Local and 
Appeal Boards had to operate in commercial space which was leased and 
paid for by the United States Government. 

In many cases, it was necessary to make alterations in order to conform 
strictly to the office arrangement required by Selective Service. These altera- 
tions were paid for by the Selective Service System. 

FINANCE A VITAL FACTOR IN SYSTEM 

A glance at the figures shown in the operating cost table presented at the 
end of this chapter quickly reveals the tremendous importance of efficient 
operation of all finance, procurement and supply activities. A similar opera- 
lion in a private commercial enterprise undoubtedly would have required 
far more personnel than the number so employed at Illinois State Head- 
quarters. 

While the State Director, himself, was responsible for the budgeting and 
expending of all Selective Service funds required for the operation within 
this State, the detailed procedure was carried on most efficient!) by the State 
Procurement Officer and his stall. 

As stated elsewhere in this volume, the First Registration was conducted 
only thirty days after the passage of the Selective Service law on September 
16, 1940. In order to carry out the Presidential order for registration on 



268 



SELECTIVE SERVICE COST IN ILLINOIS 



October 16, 1940, and because Congress had not appropriated the required 
funds, an emergency appropriation of $25,000 was allotted to the Illinois 
State Director from the emergency fund of the President of the United States. 
This emergency appropriation enabled the State Director to procure the 
equipment and supplies necessary to commence operation and insure carry- 
ing out the First Registration. Regular funds from the System were allotted 
to Illinois shortly thereafter. 

At the outset, there were no data available for use in judging anticipated 
financial needs on a long term basis. Each State Director was therefore 
obliged to submit his budget estimate month by month. After November of 
1941, all State Directors were required to submit their budget requests on 
an annual basis. 

Audits of the expenditures of the Illinois Selective Service System were 
made at frequent intervals by auditing officers from National Selective Serv- 
ice Headquarters and members of the staff of the General Accounting Office 
in Washington. Due to the excellent previous training of the State Procure- 
ment Officer and his staff — plus constant watchfulness and efficient financial 
operation — no major discrepancy ever appeared in the System in Illinois, 
and any minor discrepancy which showed up only on rare occasion was the 
result of technical misunderstanding. 

The per capita cost of obtaining men for the armed forces varied from 
time to time according to the volume of men required, the size of the per- 
sonnel force of the System, and the different methods of induction procedure. 
The figures in the table shown immediately below were obtained by dividing 
the total period operating costs of the System in Illinois by the number of 
selectees (Illinois registrants) actually inducted into the armed forces. 

No. of 

Men Per Capita 

Period Inducted Cost 

November 11, 1940 to June 30, 1941 45,207 $30.09 

July 1, 1941 to June 30, 1942 91.328 22.33 

July 1, 1942 to June 30, 1943 244.954 11.87 

July 1, 1943 to June 30, 1944 161,949 24.10 

July 1, 1944 to June 30, 1945 60,595 50.93 

TOTAL MEN AND AVERAGE COST 604,033 $21.09 

NOTE: The high cost of $50.93 per capita from July 1, 1944 to June 30, 1945 was 
occasioned by the Illinois System having been required to forward a large num- 
ber of its Class II-A, II-B and II-C registrants to the induction station for phys- 
ical examination. While most of these particular men were never inducted, the 
cost of forwarding them to the induction station and returning them home 
had to be added to the regular selectee travel expenditures, thus making the 
per capita cost for the period concerned higher than the average normal. 
(The cost figures from July 1, 1945 to the termination of Selective Service were 
not available.) 



269 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 







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270 



CHAPTER f i-jmSBaM 5 xx 'l 




m 






APPRECIATION OF SERVICE 

When the clouds of war began to gather over this country in 1940 and the 
76th Congress passed the Selective Training and Service Act to strengthen 
the defenses of our Nation, Illinois men and women responded freely to the 
call for voluntary service to carry out the Act. 

Many thousands of teachers, poll workers, veterans and others helped to 
register more than a million Illinois men on October 16, 1940. Public 
officials gave the utmost in cooperation. Both the Governor and the State 
Director of Selective Service publicly expressed their gratitude for this 
voluntary service in the First Registration. 

Several thousand additional Illinois men volunteered their service as 
Members of Local, Appeal, Medical Advisory and Registrants Advisory 
Boards, as Government Appeal Agents, as Reemployment Committeemen and 
as Examining Physicians and Dentists. Later in the program, over seven 
hundred men and women gave their time as Medical Field Agents to assist in 
obtaining important social, medical and educational information on registrants. 
Hundreds of trained social welfare workers made necessary investigations in 



Medal pictured at top is the Selective Service Medal awarded by Congress to certain 
uncompensated personnel of the Selective Service System. 



271 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

cases where dependency deferment claims were doubtful. Many others assisted 
in specialized fields. None of these patriotic individuals received a cent for his 
or her personal services. 

Many of these volunteer workers toiled countless hours — even on nights, 
Sundays and holidays — in order to perform their duties properly. Great 
personal sacrifices were made beyond measure. Ocassionally, unjust criticism 
was received because of some action taken in accordance with the regulations. 
It was humanly impossible for Congress to enact a law that would satisfy 
everybody concerned, and Local Boards were often blamed even though they 
had tried earnestly to administer the law in fairness to everyone. 

Perhaps the greatest compensation which these faithful workers received 
for their patriotic service was the deep-down satisfaction which came from the 
knowledge that they had served their Nation in its time of need. Yet, time 
after time, they were accorded public honors for their magnificent contribu- 
tion to America's war effort. 

PRESIDENTIAL APPRECIATION 

From almost the beginning, the Chief Executive determined that the 
uncompensated personnel who were regularly performing service for the 
Selective Service System should be accorded recognition for their patriotic 
contribution to their Nation. He therefore authorized the distribution of a 

(Continued on page 274) 




of tlje ^mir- o j^tatt-s of (America 

nas auiarded tn*& 



latin d. Ktncmnt 



<n <jr<i/-f<i/ wooandion o/ an<x>m/ieMa/ed iexm'res fiatiriofaoMu 
rendered tui cotm/ru in vie adnu nid ration cf vie .Jtudivr , /< PtKtM 
Juste m &* vie /tedot/ ofe feu* ueai&. 







PRESIDENTIAL CERTIFICATE OF APPRECIATION 



272 



APPRECIATION OF SERVICE 







?» //,. „„,>,, t/ //,< 



Congress of the United States 

1Clic Selective Scrvncc ftlcdal 



JAMES L LEEN 

fu'wn /-/ /{/ft/// fi/u ff,n// tpf/A/>tt/ cmn/w Mia/ion /< //**' tm/tffrfoff 
<t</tnt ttu/ra/n n </ f/tf ./</*■</( i * J<yt(c< ./ttifem, (Jw ■/< try ft /tttjt/ 






if J*»*« Jf t«C VtKKi :N*<1 



CONGRESSIONAL RECOGNITION OF FAITHFUL SERVICE 

Over 6,700 volunteer workers in the Illinois Selective Service System 
received the above Certificate in conjunction with the Selective Service 
Medal authorized by Congress on July 2, 1945. 



273 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

(Continued from page 272) 

Presidential Certificate of Appreciation for each year of continued voluntary 
service in the System The awarding of this Certificate was discontinued after 
victory was achieved in 1945. 

A sample Presidential Certificate of Appreciation is shown on page 272. 
the four diagonal bars in the upper left-hand corner representing the Certifi- 
cate issued for four years of service. 

A Certificate of Commendation (page 110) was also issued to certain per- 
sonnel and others who rendered special temporary service to the System. 




LLINOIS STATE JOURNAL PHOTO 



SELECTION OF OFFICIAL ILLINOIS REPRESENTATIVE TO 
RECEIVE SELECTIVE SERVICE MEDAL FROM PRESIDENT 

On December 26, 1945, a lottery was conducted at the office of Gov. 
Dwight H. Green, and the Governor drew a slip to determine the Local 
Board Member designated to represent the uncompensated personnel 
of Illinois at the Presidential presentation ceremony at the W bite House 
on January 21, 1946. Chairman George Funk of Chicago Hoard 113 was 
selected to represent the State. Shown, left to right, are: Lt. Col. 
Marshall G. Buck, Governor Green, Capt. Robert J. Turnlmll. Colonel 
Armstrong, Maj. James C. Foster, Capt. W. Rohert .lames. 



274 



APPRECIATION OF SERVICE 



CONGRESSIONAL RECOGNITION 

The first expression of Congressional recognition to the efforts of the un- 
compensated personnel of the System was a Joint Resolution (S.J. Res. 27, 
79th Congress) dated February 8, 1945. This resolution lauded the work of 
these volunteers who assisted so materially in the national war effort. 

In further recognition of the services of uncompensated personnel, the 79th 
Congress (Public Law 112, enacted July 2, 1945) provided that certain un- 
compensated personnel who had served the System for a period of two or 
more years be awarded a certificate and a medal to be known as the Selective 
Service Medal. 

In consequence, the National Director of Selective Service had the Cer- 
tificate and Medal designed, approved and produced, subsequently informing 
the Various State Directors that the President would, on January 21, 1946, 
personally make a token award of the Certificate and Medal to fifty-four Local 
Board Members of the various States and Territories who had been selected, 
by lottery, to represent the uncompensated personnel concerned in their re- 
spective States and Territories. 

As the result of the lottery in Illinois — conducted in the office of Gov. 
Dwight H. Green — Mr. George Funk, Chairman of Chicago Local Board No. 
143 was selected as the Illinois representative to receive, on behalf of the 
uncompensated personnel of this State, the Selective Service Certificate and 
Medal at Washington on January 21. 

Chairman Funk, in company with the fifty-three other selected representa- 
tives, went to the White House on January 21, where the President pinned the 
Selective Service Medal on each delegate's lapel. (One the same occasion, the 
President decorated National Director Hershey with the Army's Distinguished 
Service Medal.) 

Following this symbolic ceremony at the White House, a series of six 
meetings was arranged to be held throughout Illinois, at which meetings, 
Gov. Dwight H. Green presented the Congressional Certificates and Selective 
Service Medals to the other uncompensated Illinois personnel who were then 
entitled to the awards. These meetings were held as follows : 

Auditorium Theatre, CHICAGO January 23, 1946 

Armory Building, ROCKFORD January 24, 1946 

Farm Bureau Building, GALESBURG January 28, 1946 

Centennial Auditorium, SPRINGFIELD January 29, 1946 

High School Auditorium, CHAMPAIGN January 30, 1946 

High School Auditorium, WEST FRANKFORT January 31, 1946 



NOTE: Several hundred members of the Illinois Selective Service System ivho, at the 
time of the presentation meetings, had not yet served, the required two years, qualified 
at later dates and received their Medal and Certificate by mail. 



275 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

The following was a typical program of the medal presentation meetings: 

Star Spangled Banner Musical Organization 

Opening Remarks Col. Paul G. Armstrong. State Director 

Reading of President Truman's Speech at Token Presentation of Selective Service 

Medals, Washington. D. C January 21. 1946 
Introduction of Distinguished Guests 

Introduction of Hon. Dwight H. Green, Governor of Illinois 
Governor's Tribute to Selective Service Personnel 
Closing Remarks by the State Director 
America .Musical Organization 

Before presenting the Certificates and Medals at each meeting, Governor 
Green paid generous tribute to the uncompensated personnel. The following 
remarks, extracted in part from one of his speeches at the meetings, exemplifies 
his own appraisement of the volunteer service rendered: 

"No spoken words of appreciation seem adequate to convey the feeling which 
patriotic Americans have in their hearts for those who shouldered the heaviest tasks 
of war. No words of thanks are sufficient to compensate those who bore the brunt of 
the actual fighting and endured the hardships of the battlefields, and certainly neither 
words nor price can compensate those who paid with their lives, or with broken bodies 
and broken health, for the preservation of our national freedom. In the same way, 
those on the home front who contributed so much of their time and energy to such 
tasks as that which Selective Service had to do can never be adequately repaid 
in words. 

"You took upon yourselves these tasks just as Americans have always responded 
instinctively to any real and honest demands upon their patriotism. People of all 
political faiths served as volunteers, without compensation, in the Selective Service 
System. It could not have been with any thought of personal reward or gain that 
they were willing to do this work, because in a great majority of cases their service 
actually entailed personal financial sacrifices. 

"You saw that there was a job to be done and you proceeded to do it. It was a 
bigger job than you had ever faced before, but when you were called upon to serve, 
it probably never even occurred to you not to respond. And I am sure it was not 
because the bands were playing and the flags were waving, and not because you 
visualized that on this night you would he receiving a Medal of Merit from the 
Congress of the United States. 

"You did it because within you was a solid core of patriotism, of civic spirited- 
ness, a deep sense of responsibility that made you respond instinctively to your 
country's need. The gratitude which our people now feel is of this same innate type 
and just as universal. I believe, even though at times you probably felt that you were 
performing a thankless job. 

"1 feel that each of you will derive la>ting satisfaction from the knoweldge that 
you have made personally a contribution of real importance to the preservation of 
American ideals of liberty and justice. You have justified the faith of the American 
people in our form of government, and you have <:iven convincing demonstration of 
one of the reasons why America is the greatesl and strongest nation on earth. Again 
1 say it is with pleasure thai I join in this tribute and present to you the individual 
medals and cert ideates of merit which are symbols of the gratitude of your govern- 
ment and vour fellow citizens." 



276 



APPRECIATION OF SERVICE 



SELECTIVE SERVICE 
MEDAL PRESENTATION 

Among many others who received the 
Congressional Medal from Governor 
Green (right front) at the Galesburg 
area meeting were (left to right) Dr. 
C. P. O'Neill, Examining Physician. 
Allen A. Klore, Government Appeal 
Agent. William H. Layden, Reem- 
ployment Committeeman. Dr. O'Neill 
was with Rock Island City Board 1. 
and Messrs. Klore and Layden with 
Rock Island City Board 2. 




No one knew better than State Director Armstrong how well the volunteer 
personnel of the system merited the Congressional recognition, and he was 
happy to add his words of praise for the outstanding patriotic service which 
had been rendered: 

"Governor Green, in his presentation of the medals awarded by the Congress of 
the United States to the uncompensated personnel of the Selective Service System 
who have served loyally and efficiently for tw r o years or more, has extended his own 
thanks and appreciation, as w T ell as the gratitude of the people of Illinois, for an 
outstanding job well done. 

"The Governor has told you of the tremendous wartime contribution made by 
Illinois — in agriculture, in industry, and in research in the great laboratories of our 
universities. He has told you of the mighty army of almost a million men and women 
who went from the fields and the factories, stores and offices, the schools and colleges 
of this State, and the great sacrifices that were made by them and their families to 
bring victory to our beloved country. 

"You men — more than any other group in America, excepting the armed forces 
alone — made victory possible. You provided the manpower for the Army, Navy, and 
Marine Corps, giving every consideration fairly, democratically and judiciously, to 
the dependents and to the agricultural and industrial needs of the Nation. You 
always remembered that Military Manpower alone could not win the war, but that 
our forces had to be fed. transported and equipped — or fail. It was through your 
judgment — with wisdom that might well be ascribed to Solomon himself — you raised 
a victorious fighting force that brought the final victory without disruption of the 
production that was so vital to industry and agriculture. 

"In carrying out this stupendous task, there was tragedy, drama, pathos and 
heartbreak. There were, however, compensations resulting from your service. Friend- 
ships were made with those whom you had served in a great common cause. You 
gained a new understanding and tolerance for your fellow men. These and other 
intangible benefits are among the rewards that will long endure in your memories. 



277 



SELECTO E SKH\ ICK IN ILLINOIS 



"'Jii your service, \»>u made greal sacrifices — in main instances 'above and beyond 
tin- call of duty.' You spent endless and painstaking hours, da>^ and nights away 
from your families. You had to make main heart-rending decisions. You were under 
pressure at all times from the community, industry and agriculture to withhold induc- 
tions as well as being constantly urged by State and National Headquarters to fill 
your quotas, but we asked you at the same time to save the necessary and essential 
men for production. Through all these hectic years, you went steadfastly on carrying 
out your patriotic duties without fear or favor, making an unparalleled record of 
service to your State and Nation that will always remain a brilliant page in history. 
The credit for this great accomplishment is yours. 

"It has been a great privilege to serve with a group of real Americans in this 
great work, and I wish to add my own most heartfelt thanks and the thanks of each 
and every member of my staff on the occasion of this award. The memories of your 
friendship and support through these difficult and trying years I shall always cherish 
beyond measure. 

"My heartiest congratulations on your receiving a well-merited award.'" 

STATE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 

On the State level. Illinois was constantly aware of the importance of 
the service performed by workers within the Selective Service System. It 
was natural, of course, that special appreciation be shown to those serving 
without compensation. 

On June 26, 1943, the House of Representatives of the Sixty-Third General 
Assembly of the State of Illinois adopted a resolution I House Resolution 
No. 74) commending, on behalf of the people of the State, both the volunteer 
and compensated personnel of the Selective Service System in Illinois. Copies 
of this Resolution were printed and forwarded to State Headquarters, all 
Local Boards and Boards of Appeal in the State. 

The House of the Sixty-Fourth General Assembly passed a similar resolu- 
tion (House Resolution No. 21) on January 31. 1945, this Resolution also 
having been distributed to the various agencies of the System in Illinois. 

On May 16, 1945, at the Governor's suggestion, the Senate of the Sixty- 
Fourth General Assembly joined with the House in adopting a resolution 
I House Joint Resolution No. 10 i in which especially generous tribute was paid 
to the uncompensated personnel who continued their volunteer service to the 
Selective Service System in spite of the inevitability of approaching complete 
victory in war. In accordance with the authoritv granted by the State Legis- 
lature, a most attractive Certificate of Distinguished Service was printed; 
each individual's name was hand-lettered on his Certificate: all Certificates 
were appropriately I rained and mailed to the uncompensated personnel qualify- 
ing for the award. (Certificate is shown on page 252.) 

At every opportunity, the Governor acknowledged the quality and vital 
nature of the service rendered I»\ all personnel in the System in this State. 



278 



APPRECIATION OF SERVICE 



State Director Armstrong repeatedly voiced his profound appreciation 
to not only the volunteer personnel but the compensated employees as well 
for their honesty, loyalty and efficiency and carrying out the arduous duties 
imposed upon them by the requirements of Selective Service procedure. 

COMMUNITY HONORS TO LOCAL BOARDS 

Communities were generous in their recognition of the honest, capable and 
faithful service rendered by Local Boards. In many cases, public meetings 
or testimonal dinners were held, at which leaders of every phase of each 
community's life paid unstinted homage to the people who toiled almost cease- 
lessly in order that needed manpower might flow unabated to the armed forces. 

That the general public deeply appreciated the labor of the Local Boards 
was evidenced clearly by the many voluntary honors paid to these Boards. 
While we were not able to obtain complete statistics on the various honors 
bestowed upon Illinois Local Boards, we did learn that: 

— 198 Local Boards received presentations of the National Colors; 

— 101 Local Boards were the recipients of Testimonial Dinners; 

— 76 Local Boards received special local citations, certificates or plaques 
testifying to public recognition of their work: 

— 16 Local Boards received miscellaneous other forms of testimonials re- 
ferring to performance of their Selective Service duties. 



a 



Two Timers 

Yes, but "two-timers"' of a different sort, for Phillip Weinberg and 
William F. Wendel served in the Selective Service organizations of both World 
War I and World War II. 

Mr. Weinberg, a Chicago businessman, was a civil service employe on 
the staff of Gen. Enoch Crowder, administrator of the World War I draft, 
and took part in the original draft lottery held in Washington in July of 
1917. Weinberg soon afterward resigned his position to enlist in the Army. 
During the recent war, he served as a Member of Chicago Local Board 125. 

Mr. Wendel, retired businessman in Waukegan, served as Chairman of 
Lake County Local Board 2 in 1917-18 and again served his country in 
World War II as Chairman of Waukegan City Local Board 2. 



279 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



The Reason for Patience 

A patriotic restaurant owner in Chicago, in 1942. presented his customers 
with a unique jingle as an explanation for the curtailed service which existed 
in his restaurant during wartime: 

Remember December the Seventh, Friend? 

Well, to even the score, we decided to send 
All of the help we could possibly spare 

To join in the scrap it's our duty to share. 

The girl known as Ethel, who waited on you 

Has taken her place in a factory crew. 
Frank is a doughboy, and our own little Bob 

Walked out long ago and "joined up" as a Gob. 

And then there are others, as you well may surmise 

By the plaque in our window and what it implies — 
Manuel, Robert, Irving and Frank .... 

They're flying, or marchin', or ridin' a tank. 

We know you miss Charlie who worked at the bar, 

And say, by the way, if you can't park your car, 
We're sure you won't mind when you hear the excuse — 

Our garage houses trailers for Government use. 

SO, PLEASE HAVE SOME PATIENCE. BE EASY AND FREE, 
AND THE DAY THAT IT'S OVER, THE DRINKS ARE ON ME! 

— John F. Ricketts, 

Member. Chicago Local Board I I 1 



280 



CHAPTER XXIII 



STATE DIRECTOR'S RECOMMENDATIONS FOR 
FUTURE SELECTIVE SERVICE PLANNING 

Several months prior to the official termination of the Selective Service 
law on March 31, 1947, the National Director of Selective Service requested 
the Illinois State Director to prepare a report of the accomplishments of the 
System in Illinois. The National Director also solicited constructive criticisms 
of the various phases of Selective Service and invited specific recommenda- 
tions as to procedure in the event of future reactivation of the System. 

In response to General Hershey's request and solicitation, Colonel Arm- 
strong prepared and submitted a comprehensive report, including a number 
of specific recommendations to be considered for future planning. His rec- 
ommendations, in brief, were: 

Administration 

1. National Headquarters should be extremely vigilant with reference to 
making sure that each State prepare a sound and intelligent State 
Selective Service Plan well in advance of the activation date of any 
Selective Service operation in the future. This plan should be checked 
annually with reference to changing conditions, shifts of population, 
industrial and agricultural changes, etc. Such procedure would insure 
orderly and efficient operation from the beginning, and would prevent 
radical changes made necessary by improper planning. 

2. Continue advance training of officers qualified to serve on a State 
Selective Service Staff should be carried on, with regularly scheduled 
conferences for the purposes of revising plans, developing necessary 
new procedures, attaining proficiency in specialized functions, etc. 

3. Select Local Board Members not only on the basis of their own 
individual character and ability but also to insure equitable repre- 
sentation on each Board, thus avoiding, to the maximum degree 
possible, charges of political, religious or racial favoritism. 

4. Refrain from selecting, as Selective Service personnel, persons who 
are prominently engaged in political party activities. 

5. With reference to Illinois, it is believed that the fact that the State 
Director was a civilian instead of a military officer on active duty was 
not without benefits. Because of the definite tendency of military 
officers to respect the opinions and desires of officers superior in rank, 
there were occasions (particularly the contacts with high Army and 
Navy officers at area headquarters) when the State Director — had 
he been a military officer — would not have been able to stand his 



281 



SELECTI\ e >i;i;\ [CE l\ ILLINOIS 

ground and thus obtain specific advantages and benefits for the Se 
lective Service System as such. 
(). The use of military officers on the State Director's Staff is wise pro- 
cedure. The innate respect for the military uniform tended to accord 
State Headquarters officers (by Selective Service personnel, em- 
ployers, registrants, dependents, etc.) better reception and greater 
cooperation in time of war. 

7. Authorize the appointment, for Local Boards predominating in 
agricultural or industrial registrants, of special advisory members 
qualified to investigate and report to the Local Board their findings 
on prevailing conditions within each area or existing circumstances 
in certain cases. Local Board Members, being required to spend con- 
siderable time on class classification duties, have very little time to 
go out and personally investigate detailed conditions or circumstances. 

8. So that Local Boards can judge disputed dependency deferment claims 
fairly and competently, it is necessary that the Boards be furnished 
with reports based upon investigations by trained social workers. 
This procedure in Illinois gave Local Boards, as well as the higher 
agencies of classification, factual and unbiased information and helped 
to avoid injustice to registrants, dependents or the government. 

9. No regulations which change established procedure should be issued 
by National Headquarters until after a survey of the opinions and 
suggestions of the State Director has been made. Each State Direc- 
tor would consult with his field staff and, if necessary, with representa- 
tive Local Boards before determining whether or not a proposed 
change in regulations would be practical and. if such change were 
indicated, what revisions in the proposal would eliminate faults or 
objections. 

10. Regulations should be written so that: (1) they are readily under- 
standable and clear to any person of reasonable intelligence, and 
(2) they mean one thing specifically and cannot be interpreted either 
for or against a particular viewpoint. Very few Local Board Mem- 
bers were lawyers. Therefore, legal phraseology should be sacrificed 
in favor of underslandability and clarity. 

I I. Policies with reference to deferments should, from the \er\ outset, be 
rigid, clearly defined and stable. 

12. Policies of National Headquarters as to the various phases of Selec- 
tive Service operation should be disseminated to State Headquarters 
and, through the latter agency, to Local and Appeal Boards. Such 
policies should not alter or restrict a Boards right of self-determi- 
nation of classification, but should merel) explain National Head- 
quarters' viewpoint or position with reference to an) situation or 
regulation containing potential controversy. 



282 



STATE DIRECTOR'S RECOMMENDATIONS 



13. Any publicity release from National Headquarters announcing a 
change in regulation or policy should not be released until all State 
Directors have been advised of such change. Inevitably, following 
such a release, newspapers bombard the State Director with requests 
for information or comment, and an extremely embarrassing situation 
(to the System as well as the State Director) is created when the 
State Director is without official knowledge of the matter being 
publicized. 

14. A strict policy of fairness and impartiality in handling the press 
should be adhered to rigidly. Favoritism of one publication over 
another should not be tolerated. On the other hand, any publicity 
information developed solely on the request of one specific publication 
should be restricted exclusively to that one publication. 

15. Specific information with reference to the various phases of Selective 
Service should be disseminated regularly through the press, radio, 
industrial associations and other media of publicity. The importance 
of keeping the public informed cannot be minimized. 

16. Regular visits to Local Boards by traveling auditors are almost an 
indispensable need. Frequent checking is virtually the only method 
of (1) detecting and correcting improper Board or clerical procedures 
and (2) getting the Local Boards to keep up-to-date on their work. 
Traveling auditors should, if at all possible, be chosen from the 
ranks of Local Board clerks — even if it means the postponement 
(for several months) of establishment of the auditing staff, so that 
the abilities of the various clerks may be observed. 

17. Each county (excepting Cook County) having two or more Local 
Boards should have all of its Local Boards grouped in one office, 
one chief clerk to be in charge of all clerks, assistant clerks being 
assigned for work on all Boards. The chief clerk's salary, based upon 
the number of Local Boards he must supervise, should be commen- 
surate with his work and responsibility. 

In Cook County, twenty or more areas should be established, 
each area to contain from five to seven Local Boards, administered 
as suggested above. 

Under this plan, probably up to one hundred less Local Boards 
would be required than were needed in the 1940-1947 program of 
Selective Service. Also, the operation of a number of Local Boards 
in the same office and under the same clerical administration would 
make for greater uniformity in size (number of registrants) in Boards 
and eliminate comparisons, complaints and jealousy among Boards. 
In addition, administration from State Headquarters would be simpler 
and much more expeditious. Finally, the grouping of Local Boards 
would effect a tremendous savings in the System's operating costs. 



283 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 

Personnel 

1. The selection of compensated personnel in Local Board offices should 
not be left to the Members of the Local Board. Instead, such selec- 
tion should be made through the U. S. Civil Service Commission 
and the State Director. Local Boards should, of course, be given 
the privilege of recommending certain persons for any vacancies, 
but the actual selection and appointment should be kept out of a 
Board's hands. This procedure would eliminate favoritism charges 
and produce higher clerical efficiency. 

Classification — General 

1. The Illinois Policy of requiring the initials of Local Board Members 
to be placed after each classification — that is, the initials of the 
Members voting jor the classification given — proved to be a good 
policy. It eliminated the possibility of illegal classification by one 
Member or by a clerk; it prevented "one man rule" of a Board; 
it tended to prevent change of opinion without new evidence to war- 
rant change of classification; it helped State Headquarters in solving 
troublesome cases. 

2. Establish "Class I-S" in which Local Boards may place high school 
and college students who, while otherwise available for military serv- 
ice, have their inductions temporarily deferred for the purpose of 
allowing them to continue their studies for a limited period of time. 

Classification — Agricultural 

1. Agricultural registrants and their employers should be required to 
fill out and submit a special agricultural questionnaire which sets 
forth the area farmed, the production, the labor force and other per- 
tinent facts about each farm on which a military-age registrant is 
employed. This type of questionnaire was employed in Illinois with 
great success and, in our opinion, was indispensable to Local Boards 
and higher classifying agencies. In addition, the agricultural question- 
naire provided data which could be used by the State Headquarters 
auditors to determine whether or not certain Local Boards were being 
unusually strict or unusually liberal in their determinations of agri- 
cultural classifications. 

2. The use of the "agricultural conversion unit" as a factor in determin- 
ing values in agricultural production should be restored. The "unit 
system provided an almost perfect formula for determining whether 
or not an agricultural registrant could be spared from the farm on 
which he was employed. In some cases, it may be necessary to give 
special consideration to the type of soil on the farm, types of farm 
equipment available, and other unusual factors which make it in- 
advisable to rely solely upon the "unil" system. 



284 



STATE DIRECTOR'S RECOMMENDATIONS 



3. Any future Selective Service law should be devoid of any provision 
that gives or implies exemption to agricultural registrants. The "Tyd- 
ings Amendment" not only created a false impression as to deferment 
of farm workers, but it caused unnecessary difficulties to and unfair 
criticism against Local Boards. 

4. Many Illinois Local Board Members have suggested that, in any 
future Selective Service effort, agricultural employers should be forced 
to comply with the same information standards as were required 
of industrial employers. This could best be done by nation-wide 
adoption of a questionnaire similar to the Illinois Agricultural Ques- 
tionnaire (Illinois Form AQ), plus the use of the "agricultural con- 
version unit" as suggested in Item 2 above. 

5. Experienced agricultural workers above the age of 25 years should 
be "frozen" in their jobs early in any future Selective Service pro- 
gram, the younger and less experienced workers to be made available 
to the armed forces first. 

6. A regulation should be established prohibiting any experienced farm 
worker from leaving the farm on which he is employed to (1) enter 
war industry, except temporarily in slack farm season, or (2) purchase 
or rent a farm of his own, thus attempting to set up his own basis for 
deferment. 

Classification — Industrial 

1. Experienced industrial workers over the age of 25 years in essential 
activities should be "frozen" to their jobs early in any future Se- 
lective Service program. During World War II, much important 
war production was lost by reason of highly skilled artisans and 
mechanics having been drafted before properly trained replacements 
were available— even under an accelerated training program. 

2. Adopt, at the very beginning, a Replacement Schedule program for 
essential activities in order that withdrawal of military-age manpower 
from industrial plants may be accomplished in an orderly fashion 
and without serious interference with necessary war production. 

3. Establish early a Procurement and Assignment Service plan for phys- 
icians, dentists, veterinarians and osteopaths, using a special occu- 
pational questionnaire applicable to men in these professions. 

4. Adopt early a special certification plan for engineers, technicians, 
teachers, scientific students and, if applicable, men in the Merchant 
Marine. 

5. Develop a more inclusive List of Essential Activities and List of 
Critical Occupations. 

6. Conduct special and specific advance training for officers expected to 
serve as Occupational Advisors within the Selective Service System. 



285 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



7. Tighten the regulatitons with reference to "come lately" men in in- 
dustry (and agriculture) to the end that such men be denied the op- 
portunity to set up their own basis for occupational deferment. Men 
of this type were the source of considerable trouble to and complaints 
by Local Board Members in World War II. 

Classification — Dependency 

1. Adopt positive definitions and policies in regard to dependency and 
"extreme hardship" at the very beginning of any future Selective 
Service program. 

2. Adopt a specific definition of "father" at the outset, and have regula- 
tions provide that "fathers" shall not be inducted until all available 
"non-fathers" have been taken into military service. 

3. In all cases of disputed dependency claims, make available the services 
of a social service agency for unbiased investigation and report to 
each Local Board concerned. 

Classification — Conscientious Objectors 

1. Deny "conscientious objector" classification to any registrant claim- 
ing conscientious objection who is directly or indirectly engaged in the 
manufacture of any instrument of war. 

Induction 

1. Continue the induction policy in force at the termination of World 
War II Selective Service program — that of giving a registrant a pre- 
induction physical examination at the induction station and, if he is 
found acceptable for military service, allow him a period of 21 days 
in which to make all necessary personal and employment arrange- 
ments and adjustments. 

3. Induction calls should be based upon the number of Class I-A and 
I-A-0 men each Local Board has available for military service, with 
credits given for enlistments, commissions and discharges. This pro- 
cedure will eliminate undue pressure upon Local Boards, as well 
as tend to prevent complaints and jealousies among Local Boards. 

4. Illinois, during the 1940-1947 Selective Service program, inducted 
629,516 men, most of whom entered service through the induction 
station at Chicago. It is believed advisable to set up two induction 
stations for Illinois selectees — one at Chicago and the other at St. 
Louis, Missouri, the latter for selectees from the southern half of 
the State. This procedure will (1) effect economies in the cost of 
selectee travel, (2) expedite inductions, and (3) enable selectees to 
reach the induction station in better physical and mental condition. 
with a resulting decrease in rejections for military service. 



286 



STATE DIRECTOR'S RECOMMENDATIONS 

Physical and Mental Examinations 

1. Continue the procedure of having complete physical examinations 
done at the induction station, the services of the Local Board Exam- 
ining Physician to be used only in cases where the existence of an 
"obvious physical defect" is doubtful. If necessary, any such doubt- 
ful case may be referred to a Medical Advisory Board prior to being 
submitted to the induction station. 

2. Establish, at the very outset, specific minimum physical standards 
required for military service. This will (1) eliminate confusion, (2) 
save Local Boards considerable unnecessary work, and (3) permit 
registrants and employers to make long range plans in which the 
registrants" liability or non-liability for military service call is a 
factor. 

3. All registrants in the vulnerable age groups should be examined at 
the induction station prior to their being given Selective Service 
classification. 

Medical Survey Program 

1. This Program should be initiated when mobilization is ordered; it 
was established much too late in World War II. 

2. Eliminate, as far as possible, the concealing of medical survey in- 
formation (gathered by Medical Field Agents) from Local Board 
Members and clerks. Board personnel were constantly in possession 
of other confidential information, and they rightfully resented being 
denied access to the Medical Survey information on their registrants. 
This resentment caused many Boards to give less than proper at- 
tention to the Medical Survey Program. In many cases, had the 
Local Board known that a registrant had a rejectible defect (infor- 
mation developed by the Medical Field Agent) , great savings in 
selectee transportation might have been effected by utilizing such 
information in rejecting such registrant at the Local Board level. 

3. Devise a suitable form which can readily be sent to various social 
and health agencies, hospitals, physicians, etc., as a "letter of inquiry'" 
pertaining to a particular registrant. Such a form would eliminate 
laborious letter writing by the busy Medical Field Agents. 

4. Eliminate State Headquarters' routing of Cooperating School Reports 
from secondary schools. The Medical Survey Program operates more 
successfully and expeditiously when Local Boards obtain school in- 
formation direct from the schools. 

5. Require medical examiners at the induction stations to make full use 
of the Medical Survey information from the very beginning. For a 
number of months during the activation of the Medical Survey Pro- 
gram in World War II, the material laboriously gathered by the 



287 



SELECTIVE SERVICE l\ ILLINOIS 



Medical Field Agents was neither full) understood nor utilized by 
the induction station examiners. It was only after the State Director 
explained to the Commanding General of the Sixth Service Command 
that Medical Field Agents were threatening to resign unless their 
material was used that proper action was obtained at the induction 
station. 

Enforcement of Selective Service Law 

1. The punitive provisions of the Selective Service law should be made 
more drastic and specific. By this suggestion, it is not meant that 
the amount of fine or the term of penal confinement should be in- 
creased, but rather that possible offenses against the Act should be 
defined in the most specific terms possible instead of broad generali- 
ties. There should particularly be more specific terminology with 
reference to (1) conspiracy to violate the Act. (2) employers making 
false statements regarding the "essentiality" of employes who are 
Selective Service registrants, and ( 3 1 the use of violence against 
Selective Service personnel. 

Governor's Rehabilitation Program 

1. The Federal government should join with each State in the estab- 
lishment of a special program wherein a registrant with a correctible 
defect could, by volunteering for induction, have such defect cor- 
rected at public expense and thus be made available for service in 
the armed forces. The Governor's Rehabilitation Program in Illinois 
warranted the effort put forth and recovered for the armed forces 
several thousand men who otherwise might have been denied the 
opportunity to serve their country in uniform. 

Educational Rehabilitation Program 

1. The Federal government should join with the public educational 
agencies of each State, county and city in a program to afford 
illiterate registrants to obtain sufficient education to warrant their 
being accepted for military service. Such a program should applv 
particularly to those registrants whose literacy is only slightly below 
the standards required for acceptance by the armed forces. As dem- 
onstrated by the Educational Rehabilitation Program in Cook County, 
such a program would not only make more men available for the armed 
forces, but would also help to build more subst; ntial citizens and 
thus increase the assets of the Nation. State and e« mmunity. 



# 



2KH 



VEJSVOl 

As this volume goes to press, a new Selective Service Act is 
in operation. Many of the "old faithful" members of the 
Boards of World War II are back at work with us — giving 
their voluntary and unselfish service once again so that 
America can be strong and thus have the greatest assurance 
of continued peace. 

God grant that history does not repeat itself by making 
this peacetime Selective Service a forerunner to another war 
that can bring only terror, destruction and useless sacrifice 
to the peoples of the world. 




State Director of Selective Service 
Chicago, February 10, 1949 



289 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 




ILLINC 



STAFF OFFICERS COMMENDED 



Col. Paul G. Armstrong, State Director of Selective Service, on May 4, 
1946, presented Army Commendation certificates and ribbons to staff 
members in recognition of meritorious performance of duty with the 
Selective Service System. Pictured above, left to right, are: Lt. Col. M. G. 
Buck, Lt. Col. William A. Rodger, Maj. Fred W. Jacobi, Col. Victor A. 
Kleber, Colonel Armstrong, Capt. Harry W. Melcher, Lt. Col. E. P. 
Coady, Lt. Col. E. I. Edwards and Maj. Charles J. Magnesen. Other staff 
officers similarly commended but not present for the picture were: Col. 
Stanley R. McNeil, Maj. Joseph U. Dugan, Lt. Col. Baird V. Helfrich, Lt. 
Comdr. Walter J. Eden, USNR, Lt. Col. Harry W. Taylor, Lt. Col. Robert 
H. Sykes, Lt. Comdr. fin. S. Bishop, USNR, Maj. Peter N. Martin. 
Maj. Sidney T. Holzman, Maj. John B. Morgan, Maj. Wilbur A. Thomas, 
Maj. James C. Foster, USMCR, Capt. Kenneth L. Allen, Maj. William C. 
Talsey, Maj. George W. Biggerstaff, Capt. John E. Egdorf. Capt. Francis W. 
Lorman, Capt. Robert J. Turnbull, Capt. Earl R. Stege. Capt. Earl H. 
Blair, Capt. Benj. R. Wetenhall, Maj. Homer R. Lewis. Capt. W. Robert 
James. Most of those officers not present had already been released from 
service. 



290 



APPENDIX 



291 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



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COOK COUNTY MAP 




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1940-1947 



— KLesex. 



295 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



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60 61 139 


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42 


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75 76 151 


50 


77 78 79 



MAP OF CHICAGO LOCAL BOAR I >S 

Courtesy of The Chicago Tribune 



THE SELECTIVE TRAINING AND 
SERVICE ACT OF 1940 

(As enacted on September 16, 1940) 



Public, No. 783, 76th Congress; 
Chapter 720, 3d Session; S. 4164 

AN ACT To provide for the com- 
mon defense by increasing the 
personnel of the armed forces of 
the United States and providing 
for Its training. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House 
of Representatives of the United States 
of America in Congress assembled, That 
(a) the Congress hereby declares that 
it is imperative to increase and train the 
personnel of the armed forces of the United 
States. 

(b) The Congress further declares that 
in a free society the obligations and privi- 
leges of military training and service should 
be shared generally in accordance with a 
fair and just system of selective compulsory 
military training and service. 

(c) The Congress further declares in ac- 
cordance with our traditional military 
policy as expressed in the National De- 
fense Act of 1916, as amended, that it is 
essential that the strength and organization 
of the National Guard, as an integral part 
of the first-line defense of this Nation, be 
at all times maintained and assured. To 
this end, it is the intent of the Congress 
that whenever the Congress shall determine 
that troops are needed for the national 
security in excess of those of the Regular 
Army and those in active training and 
service under section 3 (b), the National 
Guard of the United States, or such part 
thereof as may be necessary, shall be or- 
dered to active Federal service and con- 
tinued therein so long as such necessity 
exists. 

Sec. 2. Except as otherwise provided in 
this act, it shall be the duty of every male 
citizen of the United States, and of every 
male alien residing in the United States, 
who, on the day or days fixed for the first 
or any subsequent registration, is between 
the ages of twenty-one and thirty-six, to 



present himself for and submit to regis- 
tration at such time or times and place or 
places, and in such manner and in such 
age group or groups, as shall be deter- 
mined by rules and regulations prescribed 
hereunder. 

Sec. 3. (a) Except as otherwise pro- 
vided in this act, every male citizen of 
the United States, and every male alien 
residing in the United States who has 
declared his intention to become such a 
citizen, between the ages of twenty-one 
and thirty-six at the time fixed for his 
registration, shall be liable for training 
and service in the land or naval forces of 
the United States. The President is author- 
ized from time to time, whether or not a 
state of war exists, to select and induct 
into the land and naval forces of the United 
States for training and service, in the 
manner provided in this act, such num- 
ber of men as in his judgment is required 
for such forces in the national interest: 
Provided, That within the limits of the 
quota determined under section 4 (b) 
for the subdivision in which he resides, 
any person, regardless of race or color, 
between the ages of eighteen and thirty- 
six, shall be afforded an opportunity to 
volunteer for induction into the land or 
naval forces of the United States for the 
training and service prescribed in sub- 
section (b), but no person who so volun- 
teers shall be inducted for such training 
and service so long as he is deferred after 
classification: Provided further, That no 
man shall be inducted for training and 
service under this act unless and until he 
is acceptable to the land and naval forces 
for such training and service and his phys- 
ical and mental fitness for such training 
and service has been satisfactorily de- 
termined: Provided further, That no men 
shall be inducted for such training and 
service until adequate provision shall have 
been made for such shelter, sanitary facili- 
ties, water supplies, heating and lighting 



297 



SELECTIVE SERVICE I.N ILLINOIS 



arrangements, medical care, and hospital 
accommodations, for such men, as may be 
determined by the Secretary of War or the 
Secretary of the Navy, as the case may be, 
to be essential to public and personal 
health: Provided further, That except in 
time of war there shall not be in active 
training or service in the land forces of the 
United States at any one time under sub- 
section (b) more than nine hundred thou- 
sand men inducted under the provisions 
of this act. The men inducted into the 
land or naval forces for training and serv- 
ice under this act shall be assigned to 
camps or units of such forces. 

<b) Each man inducted under the pro- 
visions of subsection (a) shall serve for 
a training and service period of twelve 
consecutive months, unless sooner dis- 
charged, except that whenever the Con- 
gress has declared that the national in- 
terest is imperiled, such twelve-month 
period may be extended by the President 
to such time as may be necessary in the 
interests of national defense. 

(c) Each such man, after the comple- 
tion of his period of training and service 
under subsection (b), shall be transferred 
to a reserve component of the land or 
naval forces of the United States; and 
until he attains the age of forty-five, or 
until the expiration of a period of ten 
years after such transfer, or until he is 
discharged from such reserve component, 
whichever occurs first, he shall be deemed 
to be a member of such reserve component 
and shall be subject to such additional 
training and service as may now or here- 
after be prescribed by law: Provided, That 
any man who completes at least twelve 
months' training and service in the land 
forces under subsection (b), and who 
thereafter serves satisfactorily in the Reg- 
ular Army or in the active National Guard 
for a period of at least two years, shall, 
in time of peace, be relieved from any 
liability to serve in any reserve compo- 
nent of the land or Naval forces of the 
United States and from further liability 
for the training and service under sub- 
section (b), but nothing in this subsection 
shall be construed to prevent any such 
man. while in a reserve component ol such 
forces, Irom being ordered or called to 



active duty in such forces. 

(d) With respect to the men inducted 
for training and service under this act 
there shall be paid, allowed, and extended 
the same pay. allowances, pensions, dis- 
ability and death compensation, and other 
benefits as are provided by law in the case 
of other enlisted men of like grades and 
length of service of that component of 
the land or naval forces to which they 
are assigned, and after transfer to a re- 
serve component of the land or naval forces 
as provided in subsection (c) there shall 
be paid, allowed, and extended with re- 
spect to them the same benefits as are 
provided by law in like cases with respect 
to other members of such reserve compo- 
nent. Men in such training and service 
and men who have been so transferred to 
reserve components shall have an oppor- 
tunity to qualify for promotion. 

(e) Persons inducted into the land 
forces of the United States under this 
act shall not be employed beyond the 
limits of the Western Hemisphere except 
in the Territories and possessions of the 
United States, including the Philippine 
Islands. 

(f) Nothing contained in this or any 
other act shall be construed as forbidding 
the payment of compensation by any per- 
son, firm, or corporation to persons in- 
ducted into the land or naval forces of the 
United States for training and service 
under this act, or to members of the re- 
serve components of such forces now or 
hereafter on any type of active duty. who. 
prior to their induction or commencement 
of active duty, were receiving compensa- 
tion from such person, firm, or corporation. 

Sec. 4. (a) The selection of men for 
training and service under section 3 (other 
than those who are voluntarily inducted 
pursuant to this ad I shall be made in an 
impartial manner, under such rules and 
regulations as the President may prescribe, 
from the men who are liable for such 
training and service and who at the time 
of selection are registered and classified 
but not deferred or exempted: Provided. 
That in the selection and training of men 
under this act, and in the interpretation 
and execution of the provisions of 1 1 1 i — act. 
there shall be no discrimination against 



298 



THE SELECTIVE TRAINING AND SERVICE ACT OF 1940 



any person on account of race or color. 

(b) Quotas of men to be inducted for 
training and service under this act shall 
be determined for each State, Territory, 
and the District of Columbia, and for sub- 
divisions thereof, on the basis of the actual 
number of men in the several States, Terri- 
tories, and the District of Columbia, and 
the subdivisions thereof, who are liable 
for such training and service but who are 
not deferred after classification, except 
that credits shall be given in fixing such 
quotas for residents of such subdivisions 
who are in the land and naval forces of 
the United States on the date fixed for 
determining such quotas. After such quotas 
are fixed, credits shall be given in filling 
such quotas for residents of such sub- 
divisions who subsequently become mem- 
bers of such forces. Until the actual num- 
bers necessary for determining the quotas 
are known, the quotas may be based on 
estimates, and subsequent adjustments 
therein shall be made when such actual 
numbers are known. All computations un- 
der this subsection shall be made in ac- 
cordance with such rules and regulations 
as the President may prescribe. 

Sec. 5 (a) Commissioned officers, war- 
rant officers, pay clerks, and enlisted men 
of the Regular- Army, the Navy, the Ma- 
rine Corps, the Coast Guard, the Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, the Public Health 
Service, the federally recognized active 
National Guard, the Officers' Reserve 
Corps, the Regular Army Reserve, the En- 
listed Reserve Corps, the Naval Reserve, 
and the Marine Corps Reserve; cadets, 
United States Military Academy; mid- 
shipmen, United States Naval Academy; 
cadets, United States Coast Guard Acad- 
emy; men who have been accepted for 
admittance (commencing with the academic 
year next succeeding such acceptance) to 
the United States Military Academy as 
cadets, to the United States Naval Acad- 
emy as midshipmen, or to the United 
States Coast Guard Academy as cadets, 
but only during the continuance of such 
acceptance; cadets of the advanced course, 
senior division, Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps or Naval Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps; and diplomatic representatives, 
technical attaches of foreign embassies and 



legations, consuls general, consuls, vice 
consuls, and consular agents of foreign 
countries, residing in the United States, 
who are not citizens of the United States, 
and who have not declared their intention 
to become citizens of the United States, 
shall not be required to be registered 
under section 2 and shall be relieved from 
liability for training and service under 
section 3 (b). 

(b) In time of peace, the following per- 
sons shall be relieved from liability to 
serve in any reserve component of the land 
or naval forces of the United States and 
from liability for training and service un- 
der section 3 (b) — 

(1) Any man who shall have satis- 
factorily served for at least three con- 
secutive years in the Regular Army before 
or after or partially before and partially 
after the time fixed for registration under 
section 2. 

(2) Any man who as a member of the 
active National Guard shall have satis- 
factorily served far at least one year in 
active Federal service in the Army of the 
United States, and subsequent thereto for 
at least two consecutive years in the Reg- 
ular Army or in the active National Guard, 
before or after or partially before and 
partially after the time fixed for registra- 
tion under section 2. 

(3) Any man who is in the active Na- 
tional Guard at the time fixed for regis- 
tration under section 2, and who shall 
have satisfactorily served therein for at 
least six consecutive years, before or after 
or partially before and partially after the 
time fixed for such registration. 

(4) Any man who is in the Officers' 
Reserve Corps on the eligible list at the 
time fixed for registration under section 2. 
and who shall have satisfactorily served 
therein on the eligible list for at least six 
consecutive years, before or after or par- 
tially before and partially after the time 
fixed for such registration: Provided, That 
nothing in this subsection shall be con- 
strued to prevent the persons enumerated 
in this subsection, while in reserve compo- 
nents of the land or naval forces of the 
United States, from being ordered or called 
to active duty in such forces. 



299 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



(c) (1) The Vice President of the 
United States, the Governors of the sev- 
eral States and Territories, members of 
the legislative bodies of the United States 
and of the several States and Territories, 
judges of the courts of record of the 
I cited States and of the several States 
and Territories and the District of Co- 
lumbia, shall, while holding such offices, 
be deferred from training and service un- 
der this act in the land and naval forces 
of the United States. 

(2) The President is authorized, under 
such rules and regulations as he may pre- 
scribe, to provide for the deferment from 
training and service under this act in the 
land and naval forces of the United States. 
of any person holding an office (other than 
an office described in paragraph 1 1 ) of this 
subsection) under the United States or 
any State, Territory, or the District of 
Columbia, whose continued service in such 
office is found in accordance with section 
10 (a) (2) to be necessary to the mainte- 
nance of the public health, safety, or 
interest. 

(d) Regular or duly ordained ministers 
of religion, and students who are prepar- 
ing for the ministry in theological or di- 
vinity schools recognized as such for more 
than one year prior to the date of enact- 
ment of this act, shall be exempt from 
training and service (but not from regis- 
tration) under, this act. 

(e) The President is authorized, under 
such rules and regulations as he may pre- 
scribe, to provide for the deferment from 
training and service under this act in the 
land and naval forces of the United States 
of those men whose employment in indus- 
try, agriculture, or other occupations, or 
employment, or whose activity in other 
endeavors, is found in accordance with sec- 
tion 10 (a) (2) to be necessary to the 
maintenance of the national health, safety, 
or interest. The President is also author- 
ized, under such rule- and regulations as 
he may prescribe, to provide tor the de- 
ferment from training and service under 
this act in the land and naval forces of 
the United States ( 1 > of those men in a 
status with respeel to persons dependenl 
upon them for support which renders their 
deferment advisable, and (2> of those men 



found to be physically, mentally, or morally 
deficient or defective. No deferment from 
such training and service shall be made 
in the case of any individual except upon 
l lie basis of the status of such individual, 
and no such deferment shall be made of 
individuals by occupational groups or of 
groups of individuals in any plant or in- 
stitution. 

if) \n\ person who, during the year 
1940, entered upon attendance for the 
academic year 1940-1941 — 

• I) at any college or university which 
grants a degree in arts or science, to 
pursue a course of instruction satisfac- 
tory completion of which is prescribed 
by such college or university as a pre- 
requisite to either of such degrees; or 
(2) at any university described in 
paragraph (1), to pursue a course of 
instruction to the pursuit of which a 
degree in arts or science is prescribed 
by such university as a prerequisite; 
and who, while pursuing such course of 
instruction at such college or university, 
is selected for training and service under 
this act prior to the end of such academic 
year, or prior to July 1. 1941, whichever 
occurs first, shall, upon his request, be 
deferred from induction into the land or 
naval forces for such training and service 
until the end of such academic year, but 
in no event later than July 1. 1941. 

(g) Nothing contained in this act shall 
be construed to require any person to be 
subject to combatant training and service 
in the land or naval forces of the United 
States who, by reason of religious train- 
ing and belief, is conscientiously opposed 
to participation in war in any form. \n\ 
such person claiming such exemption from 
combatant training and service because of 
such conscientious objections whose claim 
i- sustained 1>> the local board shall, if he 
is inducted into the land or naval forces 
under this act. be assigned to noncom- 
batanl service a- defined by the President, 
or -hall, if he is found to be conscien- 
tiously opposed to participation in such 
noncombatant service, in lieu of such in- 
duction, he assigned to work of national 
importance under civilian direction. Any 
such person claiming such exemption from 
((•inhalant training ami service because of 



300 



THE SELECTIVE TRAINING AND SERVICE ACT OF 1940 



such conscientious objections shall, if such 
claim is not sustained by the local board, 
be entitled to an appeal to the appropriate 
appeal board provided for in section 10 I a I 
(2). Upon the filing of such appeal with 
the appeal board, the appeal board shall 
forthwith refer the matter to the Depart- 
ment of Justice for inquiry and hearing 
by the Department or the proper agency 
thereof. After appropriate inquiry by such 
agency, a hearing shall be held by the 
Department of Justice with respect to the 
character and good faith of the objections 
of the person concerned, and such person 
shall be notified of the time and place of 
such hearing. The Department shall, after 
such hearing, if the objections are found 
to be sustained, recommend to the appeal 
board (1) that if the objector is inducted 
into the land or naval forces under this 
act, he shall be assigned to noncombatant 
service as defined by the President, or 
(2) that if the objector is found to be 
conscientiously opposed to participation in 
such noncombatant service, he shall in lieu 
of such induction be assigned to work of 
national importance under civilian direc- 
tion. If after such hearing the Depart- 
ment finds that his objections are not sus- 
tained, it shall recommend to the appeal 
board that such objections be not sus- 
tained. The appeal board shall give con- 
sideration to but shall not be bound to 
follow the recommendation of the Depart- 
ment of Justice together with the record on 
appeal from the local board in making its 
decision. Each person whose claim for ex- 
emption from combatant training and serv- 
ice because of conscientious objections is 
sustained shall be listed by the local board 
on a register of conscientious objectors. 

(h) No exception from registration, or 
exemption or deferment from training and 
service, under this act, shall continue 
after the cause therefor ceases to exist. 

Sec. 6. The President shall have au- 
thority to induct into the land and naval 
forces of the United States under this act 
no greater number of men than the Con- 
gress shall hereafter make specific appro- 
priation for from time to time. 

Sec. 7. No bounty shall be paid to 
induce any person to enlist in or be 
inducted into the land or naval forces of 



the United States: Provided, That the 
clothing or enlistment allowances author- 
ized by law shall not be regarded as 
bounties within the meaning of this sec- 
tion. No person liable for service in such 
forces shall be permitted or allowed to 
furnish a substitute for such service; 
no substitute as such shall be received, en- 
listed, enrolled, or inducted into the land 
or naval forces of the United States; and 
no person liable for training and service 
in such forces under section 3 shall be 
permitted to escape such training and serv- 
ice or be discharged therefrom prior to 
the expiration of his period of such train- 
ing and service by the payment of money 
or any other valuable thing whatsoever as 
consideration for his release from such 
training and service liability or thereof. 

Sec. 8. (a) Any person inducted into 
the land or naval forces under this act 
for training and service, who, in the 
judgment of those in authority over him, 
satisfactorily completes his period of train- 
ing and service under section 3 (b) shall 
be entitled to a certificate to that effect 
upon the completion of such period of 
training and service, which shall include 
a record of any special proficiency or 
merit attained. In addition, each such per- 
son who is inducted into the land or naval 
forces under this act for training and serv- 
ice shall be given a physical examination 
at the beginning of such training and 
service and a medical statement showing 
any physical defects noted upon such ex- 
amination; and upon the completion of 
his period of training and service under 
section 3 (b), each such person shall be 
given another physical examination and 
shall be given a medical statement show- 
ing any injuries, illnesses or disabilities 
suffered by him during such period of 
training and service. 

(b) In the case of any such person who, 
in order to perform such training and serv- 
ice, has left or leaves a position, other than 
a temporary position, in the employ of 
any employer and who (1) receives such 
certificate, (2) is still qualified to perform 
the duties of such position, and (3) 
makes application for reemployment within 
forty days after he is relieved from such 
training and service — 



301 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



(A) if such position was in the em- 
ploy of the United States Government, 
its Territories or possessions, or the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, such person shall be 
restored to such position or to a position 
of like seniority, status, and pay; 

(B) if such position was in the em- 
ploy of a private employer, such em- 
ployer shall restore such person to such 
position or to a position of like seniority, 
status, and pay unless the employer's 
circumstances have so changed as to 
make it impossible or unreasonable to 
do so; 

(C) if such position was in the em- 
ploy of any State or political subdivi- 
sion thereof, it is hereby declared to be 
the sense of the Congress that such per- 
son should be restored to such position 
or to a position of like seniority, status, 
and pay. 

(c) Any person who is restored to a 
position in accordance with the provisions 
of paragraph (A) or (B) of subsection 
(b) shall be considered as having been 
on furlough or leave of absence during 
his period of training and service in the 
land or naval forces, shall be so restored 
without loss of seniority, shall be entitled 
to participate in insurance or other bene- 
fits offered by the employer pursuant to 
established rules and practices relating 
to employees on furlough or leave of ab- 
sence in effect with the employer at the 
time such person was inducted into such 
forces, and shall not be discharged from 
such position without cause within one 
year after such restoration. 

(d) Section 3 (c) of the joint resolution 
entitled "Joint Resolution to strengthen 
the common defense and to authorize the 
President to order members and units of 
reserve components and retired personnel 
of the Regular Army into active military 
service," approved August 27, 1940, is 
amended to read as follows: 

"(c) Any person who is restored to a 
position in accordance with the provisions 
of paragraph (A) or (B) of subsection 
(b) shall be considered as having been 
on furlough or Leave of absence during 
his period of active military service, shall 
be so restored without loss of seniority, 
shall be entitled to participate in insurance 



or other benefits offered by the employer 
pursuant to established rules and practices 
relating to employees on furlough or leave 
of absence in effect with the employer at 
the time such person was ordered into such 
service, and shall not be discharged from 
such position without cause within one year 
after such restoration." 

(e) In case any private employer fails 
or refuses to comply with the provisions of 
subsection (b) or subsection (c), the dis- 
trict court of the United States for the 
district in which such private employer 
maintains a place of business shall have 
power, upon the filing of a motion, peti- 
tion, or other appropriate pleading by the 
person entitled to the benefits of such pro- 
visions, to specifically require such em- 
ployer to comply with such provisions, and, 
as an incident thereto, to compensate such 
person for any loss of wages or benefits 
suffered by reason of such employer's un- 
lawful action. The court shall order a 
speedy hearing in any such case and shall 
advance it on the calendar. Upon appli- 
cation to the United States district attor- 
ney or comparable official for the district 
in which such private employer maintains 
a place of business, by any person claiming 
to be entitled to the benefits of such pro- 
visions, such United States district attor- 
ney or official, if reasonably satisfied that 
the person so applying is entitled to such 
benefits, shall appear and act as attorney 
for such person in the amicable adjust- 
ment of the claim or in the filing of any 
motion, petition, or other appropriate 
pleading and the prosecution thereof to 
specifically require such employer to com- 
ply with such provisions: Provided, That 
no fees or court costs shall be taxed 
against the person so applying for such 
benefits. 

(f) Section 3 (d) of the joint resolu- 
tion entitled "Joint Resolution to strengthen 
the common defense and to authorize the 
President to order members and units of 
reserve components and retired personnel 
of the Regular Army into active military 
service," approved August 27, 1940, is 
amended by inserting before the period at 
the end of the first sentence the following: 
". and, a^ an incident thereto, to compen- 
sate such person for an> loss of wages 01 



302 



THE SELECTIVE TRAINING AND SERVICE ACT OF 1940 



benefits suffered by reason of such employ- 
er's unlawful action." 

(g) The Director of Selective Service 
herein provided for shall establish a Per- 
sonnel Division with adequate facilities 
to render aid in the replacement in their 
former positions of, or in securing posi- 
tions for, members of the reserve compo- 
nents of the land and naval forces of the 
United States who have satisfactorily com- 
pleted any period of active duty, and per- 
sons who have satisfactorily completed any 
period of their training and service under 
this act. 

(h) Any person inducted into the land 
or naval forces for training and service 
under this act shall, during the period of 
such training and service, be permitted to 
vote in person or by absentee ballot in any 
general, special, or primary election oc- 
curring in the State of which he is a resi- 
dent, whether he is within or outside of 
such State at the time of such election, if 
under the laws of such State he is entitled 
so to vote in such election; but nothing in 
this subsection shall be construed to re- 
quire granting to any such person a leave 
of absence for longer than one day in order 
to permit him to vote in person in any such 
election. 

(i) It is the expressed policy of the 
Congress that whenever a vacancy is caused 
in the employment rolls of any business 
or industry by reason of induction into 
the service of the United States of an em- 
ployee pursuant to the provisions of this 
act such vacancy shall not be filled by any 
person who is a member of the Communist 
Party or the German-American Bund. 

Sec. 9. The President is empowered, 
through the head of the War Department 
or the Navy Department of the Govern- 
ment, in addition to the present authorized 
methods of purchase or procurement, to 
place an order with any individual, firm, 
association, company, corporation, or or- 
ganized manufacturing industry for such 
product or material as may be required, 
and which is of the nature and kind usually 
produced or capable of being produced by 
such individual, firm, company, association, 
corporation, or organized manufacturing 
industry. 

Compliance with all such orders for 



products or material shall be obligatory on 
any individual, firm, association, company, 
corporation, or organized manufacturing 
industry or the responsible head or heads 
thereof and shall take precedence over all 
other orders and contracts theretofore 
placed with such individual, firm, company, 
association, corporation, or organized man- 
ufacturing industry, and any individual, 
firm, association, company, corporation, or 
organized manufacturing industry or the 
responsible head or heads thereof owning 
or operating any plant equipped for the 
manufacture of arms or ammunition or 
parts of ammunition, or any necessary sup- 
plies or equipment for the Army or Navy, 
and any individual, firm, association, com- 
pany, corporation, or organized manufactur- 
ing industry or the responsible head or 
heads thereof owning or operating any 
manufacturing plant, which, in the opinion 
of the Secretary of War or the Secretary 
of the Navy shall be capable of being 
readily transformed into a plant for the 
manufacture of arms or ammunition, or 
parts thereof, or other necessary supplies 
or equipment, who shall refuse to give to 
the United States such preference in the 
matter of the execution of orders, or who 
shall refuse to manufacture the kind, quan- 
tity, or quality of arms or ammunition, or 
the parts thereof, or any necessary sup- 
plies or equipment, as ordered by the 
Secretary of War or the Secretary of the 
Navy, or who shall refuse to furnish such 
arms, ammunition, or parts of ammunition, 
or other supplies or equipment, at a reason- 
able price as determined by the Secretary 
of War, or the Secretary of the Navy, as 
the case may be, then, and in either such 
case, the President, through the head of 
the War or Navy Departments of the Gov- 
ernment, in addition to the present author- 
ized methods of purchase or procurement, 
is hereby authorized to take immediate 
possession of any such plant or plants, and 
through the appropriate branch, bureau, 
or department of the Army or Navy to 
manufacture therein such product or ma- 
terial as may be required, and any indi- 
vidual, firm, company, association, or cor- 
poration, or organized manufacturing in- 
dustry, or the responsible head or heads 
thereof, failing to comply with the provi- 



303 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



sions of this section shall be deemed guilty 
of a felony, and upon conviction shall be 
punished by imprisonment for not more 
than three years and a fine not exceeding 
$50,000. 

The compensation to be paid to any 
individual, firm, company, association, cor- 
poration, or organized manufacturing in- 
dustry for its products or material, or as 
rental for use of any manufacturing plant 
while used by the United States, shall be 
fair and just: Provided, That nothing 
herein shall be deemed to render inap- 
plicable existing State or Federal laws 
concerning the health, safety, security, and 
employment standards of the employees in 
such plant. 

The first and second provisos in section 
8 (b) of the act entitled "An Act to ex- 
pedite national defense, and for other pur- 
poses," approved June 28, 1940 (Public Act 
Numbered 671, Seventy-sixth Congress), 
are hereby repealed. 

Sec. 10. (a) The President is author- 
ized — 

(1) to prescribe the necessary rules 
and regulations to carry out the provi- 
sions of this act; 

(2) to create and establish a Selec- 
tive Service System, and shall provide 
for the classification of registrants and 
of persons who volunteer for induction 
under this act on the basis of availability 
for training and service, and shall es- 
tablish within the Selective Service Sys- 
tem civilian local boards and such other 
civilian agencies, including appeal boards 
and agencies of appeal, as may be nec- 
essary to carry out the provisions of 
this act. There shall be created one or 
more local boards in each county or 
political subdivision corresponding there- 
to of each State, Territory, and the 
District of Columbia. Each local board 
shall consist of three or more members 
to be appointed by the President, from 
recommendations made by the respective 
Governors or comparable executive offi- 
cials. No member of any such local 
board shall be a member <>l the land 
or naval forces of the United States, 
but each member of any such local board 
shall be a civilian who is a citizen of 
the LJnited States residing in the county 



or political subdivision corresponding 
thereto in which such local board has 
jurisdiction under rules and regulations 
prescribed by the President. Such local 
boards, under rules and regulations pre- 
scribed by the President, shall have 
power within their respective jurisdic- 
tions to hear and determine, subject to 
the right of appeal to the appeal boards 
herein authorized, all questions or claims 
with respect to inclusion for, or exemp- 
tion or deferment from, training and 
service under this act of all individuals 
within the jurisdiction of such local 
boards. The decisions of such local 
boards shall be final except where an 
appeal is authorized in accordance with 
such rules and regulations as the Presi- 
dent may prescribe. Appeal boards and 
agencies of appeal within the Selective 
Service System shall be composed of 
civilians who are citizens of the United 
States. No person who is an officer, 
member, agent, or employee of the Se- 
lective Service System, or of any such 
local or appeal board or other egency, 
shall be excepted from registration, or 
deferred from training and service, as 
provided for in this act, by reason of his 
status as such officer, member, agent, or 
employee ; 

(3) to appoint by and with the advice 
and consent of the Senate, and fix the 
compensation at a rate not in excess of 
$10,000 per annum, of a Director of Se- 
lective Service who shall be directly 
responsible to him and to appoint and 
fix the compensation of such other offi- 
cers, agents, and employees as he may 
deem necessary to carrj out the provi- 
sions of this act: Provided. That an) 
officer on the active or retired list of the 
Army, Navy Marine Corps, or Coast 
Guard, or of any reserve component 
thereof or any officer or employee of any 
department or agency of the United 
States who may be assigned or detailed 
to any office or position to carry out the 
provisions of this act (except to offices or 
positions on local hoards, appeal boards, 
or agencies of appeal established or 
created pursuant to section 10 (a) (2)1 
ma) serve in and perforin the functions 
of such office or position without loss 



304 



THE SELECTIVE TRAINING AND SERVICE ACT OF 1940 



of or prejudice to his status as such 
officer in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, 
or Coast Guard or reserve component 
thereof, or as such officer or employee 
in any department or agency of the 
United States: Provided further, That 
any person so appointed, assigned or 
detailed to a position the compensation 
in respect of which is at a rate in excess 
of $5,000 per annum shall be appointed, 
assigned or detailed by and with the 
advice and consent of the Senate: Pro- 
vided further, That the President may 
appoint necessary clerical and steno- 
graphic employees for local boards and 
fix their compensation without regard to 
the Classification Act of 1923, as 
amended, and without regard to the pro- 
visions of civil service laws. 

(4) to utilize the services of any or 
all departments and any and all officers 
or agents of the United States and to 
accept the services of all officers and 
agents of the several States, Territories, 
and the District of Columbia and sub- 
divisions thereof in the execution of this 
act; and 

(5) to purchase such printing, bind- 
ing, and blarikbook work from public, 
commercial, or private printing estab- 
lishments or binderies upon orders placed 
by the Public Printer or upon waivers 
issued in accordance with section 12 of 
the Printing Act approved January 12, 
1895, as amended by the Act of July 8, 
1935 (49 Stat. 475), and to obtain by 
purchase, loan, or gift such equipment 
and supplies for the Selective Service 
System as he may deem necessary to 
carry out the provisions of this act, with 
or without advertising or formal con- 
tract; and 

(6) to prescribe eligibility, rules, and 
regulations governing the parole for serv- 
ice in the land or naval forces, or for 
any other special service established 
pursuant to this act, of any person con- 
victed of a violation of any of the pro- 
visions of this act. 

(b) The President is further authorized, 
under such rules and regulations as he 
may prescribe, to delegate and provide for 
the delegation of any authority vested in 
him under this act to such officers, agents, 



or persons as he may designate or appoint 
for such purpose or as may be designated 
or appointed for such purpose pursuant to 
such rules and regulations as he may pre- 
scribe. 

(c) In the administration of this act 
voluntary services may be accepted. Cor- 
respondence necessary in the execution of 
this act may be carried in official penalty 
envelopes. 

(d) The Chief of Finance, United States 
Army, is hereby designated, empowered, 
and directed to act as the fiscal, disbursing, 
and accounting agent of the Director of 
Selective Service in carrying out the pro- 
visions of this act. 

Sec. 11. Any person charged as herein 
provided with the duty of carrying out 
any of the provisions of this act, or the 
rules or regulations made or directions 
given thereunder, who shall knowingly fail 
or neglect to perform such duty, and any 
person charged with such duty, or having 
and exercising any authority under said 
act, rules, regulations, or directions who 
shall knowingly make, or be a party to the 
making, of any false, improper, or incor- 
rect registration, classification, physical or 
mental examination, deferment, induction, 
enrollment, or muster, and any person who 
shall knowingly make, or be a party to the 
making of, any false statement or certificate 
as to the fitness or unfitness or liability or 
nonliability of himself or any other person 
for service under the provisions of this act, 
or rules, regulations, or directions made 
pursuant thereto, or who otherwise evades 
registration or service in the land or naval 
forces or any of the requirements of this 
act, or who knowingly counsels, aids, or 
abets another to evade registration or serv- 
ice in the land or naval forces or any of 
the requirements of this act, or of said 
rules, regulations, or directions, or who 
in any manner shall knowingly fail or neg- 
lect to perform any duty required of him 
under or in the execution of this act, or 
rules or regulations made pursuant to this 
act, or any person or persons who shall 
knowingly hinder or interfere in any way 
by force or violence with the administra- 
tion of this act or the rules or regulations 
made pursuant thereto, or conspire to do 
so, shall, upon conviction in the district 



305 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



court of the United States having juris- 
diction thereof, be punished by imprison- 
ment for not more than five years or a fine 
of not more than $10,000, or by both such 
fine and imprisonment, or if subject to 
military or naval law may be tried by court 
martial, and, on conviction, shall suffer 
such punishment as a court martial may 
direct. No person shall be tried by any 
military or naval court martial in any case 
arising under this act unless such person 
has been actually inducted for the train- 
ing and service prescribed under this act 
or unless he is subject to trial by court 
martial under laws in force prior to the 
enactment of this act. Precedence shall 
be given by courts to the trial of cases 
arising under this act. 

Sec. 12. (a) The monthly base pay 
of enlisted men of the Army and the 
Marine Corps shall be as follows: 
Enlisted men of the first grade, $126; 
enlisted men of the second grade, $84; 
enlisted men of the third grade, $72; 
enlisted men of the fourth grade, $60; 
enlisted men of the fifth grade, $54; 
enlisted men of the sixth grade, $36; 
enlisted men of the seventh grade, $30; 
except that the monthly base pay of en- 
listed men with less than four months' 
service during their first enlistment period 
and of the enlisted men of the seventh 
grade whose inefficiency or other unfitness 
has been determined under regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary of War, and 
the Secretary of the Navy, respectively, 
shall be $21. The pay for specialists' 
ratings, which shall be in addition to 
monthly base pay shall be as follows: First 
class, $30; second class, $25; third class, 
$20; fourth class, $15; fifth class, $6; 
sixth class, $3. Enlisted men of the Army 
and the Marine Corps shall receive, as a 
permanent addition to their pay, an in- 
crease of 10 per centum of their base pay 
and pay for specialists' ratings upon com- 
pletion of the first four years of service, 
and an additional increase of 5 per centum 
of such base pay and pay for specialists' 
ratings for each four years of service there- 
after, but the total of such increases shall 
not exceed 25 per centum. Enlisted men 
of the Navy shall be entitled to receive at 
least the same pay and allowances as are 



provided for enlisted men in similar grades 
in the Army and Marine Corps. 

(b) The pay for specialists' ratings re- 
ceived by an enlisted man of the Army or 
Marine Corps at the time of his retire- 
ment shall be included in the computation 
of his retired pay. 

(c) The pay of enlisted men of the sixth 
grade of the National Guard for each 
armory drill period, and for each day of 
participation in exercises under sections 
94, 97, and 99 of the National Defense act, 
shall be $1.20. 

(d) No back pay or allowances shall 
accrue by reason of this act for any period 
prior to October 1, 1940. 

(e) Nothing in this act shall operate 
to reduce the pay now being received by 
any retired enlisted man. 

(f) The provisions of this section shall 
be effective on and after October 1, 1940. 
Thereafter all laws and parts of laws 
insofar as the same are inconsistent here- 
with or in conflict with the provisions 
hereof are hereby repealed. 

Sec. 13. (a) The benefits of the Soldiers' 
and Sailors' Civil Relief Act, approved 
March 8, 1918, are hereby extended to all 
persons inducted into the land or naval 
forces under this act, and to all members 
of any reserve component of such forces 
now or hereafter on active duty for a period 
of more than one month; and, except as 
hereinafter provided, the provisions of such 
act of March 8, 1918, shall be effective for 
such purposes. 

(b) For the purposes of this section — 

(1) the following provisions of such 
act of March 8, 1918, shall be inop- 
erative: Section 100; paragraphs (1), 
(2), and (5) of section 101; article 4; 
article 5; paragraph (2) of section 601; 
and section 603; 

(2) the term "persons in military serv- 
ice," when used in such act of March 
8, 1918, shall be deemed to mean per- 
sons inducted into the land or naval 
forces under this act and all members 
of any reserve component of such forces 
now or hereafter on active duty for a 
period of more than one month; 

(3) the term "period of military serv- 
ice," when used in such act of March 8, 
1918, when applicable with respect to 



306 



THE SELECTIVE TRAINING AND SERVICE ACT OF 1940 



any such person, shall be deemed to 
mean the period beginning with the 
date of enactment of this act, or the 
date on which such person is inducted 
into such forces under this act for any 
period of training and service or is or- 
dered to such active duty, whichever is 
the later, and ending sixty days after 
the date on which such period of train- 
ing and service or active duty terminates; 
(4) the term "date of approval of this 
act", when used in such act of March 8, 
1918, shall be deemed to mean the date 
of enactment of the Selective Training 
and Service Act of 1940. 
(c) Article III of such act of March 8, 
1918, is amended by adding at the end 
thereof the following new section: 

"Sec. 303. Nothing contained in section 
301 shall prevent the termination or can- 
cellation of a contract referred to in such 
section, nor the repossession or retention 
of property purchased or received under 
such contract, pursuant to a mutual agree- 
ment of the parties thereto, or their as- 
signees, if such agreement is executed in 
writing subsequent to the making of such 
contract and during the period of military 
service of the person concerned." 

Sec. 14. (a) Every person shall be 
deemed to have notice of the requirements 
of this act upon publication by the Presi- 
dent of a proclamation or other public 
notice fixing a time for any registration 
under section 2. 

(b) If any provision of this act, or the 
application thereof to any person or cir- 
cumstance, is held invalid, the remainder 
of the act, and the application of such 
provision to other persons or circumstances, 
shall not be affected thereby. 

(c) Nothing contained in this act shall 
be construed to repeal, amend, or suspend 
the laws now in force authorizing volun- 
tary enlistment or reenlistment in the land 
and naval forces of the United States, in- 
cluding the reserve components thereof. 

Sec. 15. When used in this act — ■ 
(a) The term "between the ages of 
twenty-one and thirty-six" shall refer to 
men who have attained the twenty-first 
anniversary of the day of their birth and 
who have not attained the thirty-sixth an- 



niversary of the day of their birth; and 
other terms designating different age 
groups shall be construed in a similar 
manner. 

(b) The term "United States", when 
used in a geographical sense, shall be 
deemed to mean the several States, the 
District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, and 
Puerto Rico. 

(c) The term "dependent" when used 
with respect to a person registered under 
the provisions of this act includes only 
an individual (1) who is dependent in 
fact on such person for support in a reason- 
able manner and (2) whose support in 
such a manner depends on income earned 
by such person in a business, occupation, 
or employment. 

(d) The terms "land or naval forces" 
and "land and naval forces" shall be 
deemed to include aviation units of such 
forces. 

(e) The term "district court of the 
United States" shall be deemed to include 
the courts of the United States for the 
Territories and the possessions of the 
United States. 

Sec. 16. (a) Except as provided in this 
act, all laws and parts of laws in conflict 
with the provisions of this act are hereby 
suspended to the extent of such conflict 
for the period in which this act shall be 
in force. 

(b) All the provisions of this act, except 
the provisions of sections 3 (c), 3 (d), 
8 (g), and 12, shall become inoperative 
and cease to apply on and after May 15, 
1945, except as to offenses committed prior 
to such date, unless this act is continued 
in effect by the Congress. 

(c) There are hereby authorized to be 
appropriated, out of any money in the 
Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such 
sums as may be necessary to carry out the 
provisions of this act. 

Sec. 17. This act shall take effect im- 
mediately. 

Sec. 18. This act may be cited as the 
"Selective Training and Service Act of 
1940." 

Approved, September 16, 1940, 3:08 
p. m., E. S. T. 



307 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



SELECTIVE SERVICE QUESTIONNAIRE 



Order No. 



Date of mailing 



(StAttr Of Local Board) 



(First) 



<MiJ.il.-> 



(Last) 



(Number and street or R. F. D. route) 
(City or town) (County) (State) 



NOTICE TO REGISTRANT 

You are required by the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 to Gil out this Questionnaire truthfully and to return 
it to this Local Board an or before the date shown below. Willful failure to do so is punishable by fine and imprisonment. 

Tlu's Questionnaire must be 

returned on or before 



M ember of Local Board. 
(The above Items are to be filled In by the Local Board before the Questionnaire ts mailed to the registrant ) 



INSTRUCTIONS 



This Questionnaire is intended to furnish the Local Board 
with information to enable it to classify you in one of the 
following Selective Service classes: 

Class 1 includes men who are available for induction into 
the armed forces of the United States. 

Class II includes those whose induction Is deferred be- 
cause of the importance to the Nation of the service they 
are rendering in their civilian activities. 

Class III includes those whose induction Is deferred be- 
cause they have persons dependent upon them for support. 
Class IV includes those whose induction is deferred by 
law and those unfit for military service. 
You will receive notice from your Local Board of your 
classification. 

Oaths required in tjie Questionnaire may be administered 
by (1) a member or chief clerk of a Local Boaro o< Boaro of 
Appeal member or associate member of an Advisory Board 
for Registrants or a Government Appeal Agent, (2) any 
Postmaster Notary Public, or any Federal State, county, 
or municipal officer authorized by law to administei oaths 
generally or for military purposes. No fee shouia be ctiarged 
for this service 

Advisory Boards for Registrants are organized to assist 
-egistrants in completing their Questionnaires. No charge 

Any statements in this Questionnaire marked (Confidential) 
regulations to examine them. 

i > 8. 8. Form 40 



will be made for this service. If there is no Advisory Board 
availaoie, you must nevertheless complete your Questionnaire. 
If the registrant is an inmate of an institution and is unable 
to complete the Questionnaire, the executive head of the insti- 
tution ehall communicate these facts immediately to the Local 
Board. 



1. Make no alterations in the printed matter in this Ques- 
tionnaire. 

2 Write the applicable words in the spaces provided in the 
Questionnaire. 

3 U vou furnish additional information or affidavits with 
your Questionnaire, attach the same securely to it. 

4. If you are already in the active military or naval service, 
obtain a certificate to that effect from your commanding officer 
ano attach same to your Questionnaire. 

5. Aftei this Questionnaire has been returned, report to 
your Local Board at once any change of address or any new 
fact wmen may affect youi classification. 



When a notice affecting you is posted at the office 
of vocr Locai Board, you are bound to pekkorm the 
duty required even if no notice reaches you b\ mill.. 

are for information only of the officials duly authorized under the 



(1) 

On this and the seven following pages is shown the Selective Service 
Questionnaire which registrants were required to fill out and submit 
prior to classification. 



308 



SELECTIVE SERVICE QUESTIONNAIRE 
STATEMENTS OF THE REGISTRANT 



Series I.— IDENTIFICATION 

INSTRUCTIONS. — Every registrant shall fill in all statements in this series. 



1. My name is (print) 

(First name) (Middle name) 

2. In addition to the name given above, I have also been known by the name or names of 



3. My residence is , 

(Number and street or R. F. D. route) 



(Town— (City, town, or villagel) (County) (State) 

4. My telephone number is „ (If you have no phone, write "None.") 

(Town) (Exchange) (Number) 

5. My Social Security number is _ „ (If none, write "None.") 

Series II.— PHYSICAL CONDITION (Confidential) 

INSTRUCTIONS.— Every registrant shall fill in all statements in this series. 

1. To the best of my knowledge, I physical or mental defects or diseases. If so, they are 

(Have, have no) 

(List defects or diseases here) 

2. I an inmate of an institution. If so, its name is 

(Am, am not) (Name of hospital, prison, or other Institution) 

and it is located at _ _ 

(Oive address) 



Series ILL— EDUCATION 
INSTRUCTIONS.— Every registrant shall fill in all statements in this series. 

1. I have completed years of elementary school and years of high school. 

(Number) (Number) 

2. I have had the following schooling other than elementary and high school (if none, write "None'M: 



Name of Vocational School, College, or University 


Course of Study 


Length of Time Attended 





















Series IV— OCCUPATION OR ACTIVITY 

INSTRUCTIONS. — All registrants shall fill in statement No. 1 in this series. Every registrant who is now working shall fill 
In all statements in this series except No. 9. Every registrant who is now prevented from working merely because of some 
seasonal or temnorary interruption shall fill in all statements except statements numbered 2 through 8 in this series. 

As used in this series, words such as occupation, work, and job apply to services rendered in any endeavor and to training 
or preparation for any endeavor. 

1. I working at present. 

(Am, am not) 

2. The job I am working at now is (give full title, for example: Construction draftsman, turret-lathe operator, stationary en- 

gineer, farm laborer, prosecuting attorney, physics teacher, medical student, policeman, marriage license clerk, etc.): 



3. I do the following work in my present job (be specific — give a brief statement of your duties): , 

4. I have done this kind of work for 

(Length of time) 

5. My average weekly earnings in this job are $ (Confidential.) 

0. In this job I am □ an employee, working for salary, wages, commission, or other compensation. 

(Put an X in one rj an independent worker, working on my own account, not hired by anyone, and not hiring any help. 

□ working for my father or for the head of my family, but receiving no pay. 

□ an employer or proprietor hiring paid workers. 

(Number) 

□ a student preparing for 

7. My employer is: 



(Name of organization or proprietor, not foreman or supervisor) 
(Addres? Df place of employment— street or H. F. D. route, city, and State) 



whose business is 

(For example: Farm, airplane engine factory, retail food store, W. P. A.) 



8. Other business or work in which I am now engaged is _ 

(II none, write "none") 

(2) 



309 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



Series IV.— OCCUPATION OR ACTIVITY— Continued 

9 If J are not now working because of some seasonal or temporary interruption, attach to this pace a --tatrmont la.) cvp'ainin- 

what t he interruption is, when it began, and when you expect to be able to resume your work, and (b) supplying substan- 
tially the same information regarding your last job as is required in the above items in this series. 

10. I licensed in a trade or profession; if so, I am licensed as 

(Am, am not) (For example: Marine pilot, pby;>';.:. iry engineer) 

11 I at present an apprentice under a written or oral agreement with my employer. 

(Am, am not) 

12. Other facts which I consider necessary to present fairly the occupation which I have described, or my connection with it, as a 



ground for classification are (if none, write "None"): 



INSTRUCTIONS. — You may attach to this page any statement from your employer which you think the Local Board should 
consider in determining your classification. Such statement will then become a part of this Questionnaire. 

Series V.— OTHER OCCUPATIONAL EXPERIENCE 
INSTRUCTIONS. — Every registrant shall fill in this statement. Include any formal apprenticeship served. 
I. I have also worked at the following occupations other than my present job, during the last 5 years: (If none, write "None") 



OCCVPAT71S 


, tamper, etc.) 


Kisr> or Work DOMI 
(Be specific— Rive a brief statement of your duties) 


Years Woikkd 


(Otrc full title; for example, turret-lathe nperato 


From— 


To— 






19 


19 







19 



Series VI.— AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS 

INSTRUCTIONS. — Every registrant who works on a farm shall fill in this series, in addition to filling out Series IT and V above. 

1 . I work on or operate a farm as— 

□ sole owner of the farm. 
G joint owner with 

(Put an n h 'red manager 

"X" in D cash tenant or renter... 

the □ standing share tenant... 

f boi) t ^— share cropper... .'.... 

n share tenant... 

D wage hand (hired man). 

□ unpaid family worker. 



(Name) 
My agreement (if any) expires 



2. I have farmed for years 

I actually and person 

(Am, am not) 

The principal crops and livestock of the farm I operate or work on are: 



3. I live on the farm with which I am connected. 

(Do, do not) 



4. I actually and personally responsible for the operation of the farm on which I work. 

(Am, am not) 



Names of Crops 


Acres De\oted to Each 


Kinds of Livestock 


Number ol Facb Now 
on Farm 
















i 







6. The number of hands employed on this farm is 

i Number) 

7. Other facts which I consider necessary to present fairly the agricultural enterprise I have described and ni\ connection with 



it as a ground for classification are: (If none, write "None."). 



Series VII.— DEPENDENCY (Confidential except as to names and addresses of claimed dependents.) 
INSTRUCTIONS —Every registrant shall fill in the statements numbered 1, 2, and 3 in this series. 



1. (a) I am □ single. 
tPut an □ married. 

X" In LJ a widower, 

one box) rj divorced. 



(6) If married, I married my present wife at 



(Month, day. year) 



(e) I .... . live with her. If not, her address Is 

(Do, do not) 



» 



310 



SELECTIVE SERVICE QUESTIONNAIRE 



Senes VII. — DEPENDENCY (Confidential except M to names and addresses of claimed dependents.) — Continued 

2. I have children who are under 18 years of age or are physically or mentally 

(Number of children; if none, write "No") 
handicapped, and who live with me. 

"DEPENDENT." AS USED IN THIS SERIES DEFINED 

The word "dependent," as used in this series, means any person to whose support the r^ristrr.nt contributes more 
than merely a small part of such person's support (or to whose support the registrant would contribute were he not 
temporarily prevented from so doing by the registrant's physical or economic situation) who is either (a) the registrant's 
wife, divorced wife, parent, foster parent, or grandparent, or (t>) the registrant's child, unborn child, brother, half-brother, 
sister, or half-sister, who is under 18 years of age or is physically or mentally handicapped, or (c) a person whose support 
the registrant has assumed in good faith, who is either under 18 years of age or is physically or mentally handicapped. 

Only a person who is a United States citizen or who lives in the United States or its Territories or possessions 
may be regarded as a dependent. 

Based on the information contained in this Questionnaire and on other information which the Local Board may 
receive, the Local Board will determine whether the "dependent" is an individual who is dependent in fact for support 
in a reasonable manner in view of such individual's circumstances on income earned by the registrant by his work in 
a business, occupation, or employment. 

INSTRUCTIONS. — Only those registrants who believe that one or more persons are dependent for support on the regis- 
trant's earnings from his work are required to fill in the statements numbered 3 through 12 iD this series. 

3. The following persons live with me in a home maintained by me and are entirely or partly dependent on my earnings 
from my work in my business, occupation, or employment, and have no other sources of income except as stated below: 



Age 
at bst 
•birth- 
day 



Dependent's income, last 12 months other 
than board and lodgicg provided by the 
Date registrant in his home. 

rheo support : ; ■ 

[flxned | Earned | BMJfiTed from 



registrant I dependent 



i her sources 



I I I 



I I I 



I I I 



I I 



I I I 



The net cost to me of maintaining my home during the last 12 months, after deducting S contributed by 

others than myself for the support of such dependents was S 

4. The following persons do not live with me in a home maintained by me. but are entirely or partly dependent 
earnings from my work in my business, occupation, or employment, aud have no other sources of income except a 
below: 



on my 
income except as stated 





Sex 


Ace at 
last 

birth- 
day 


Relationship to 
registrant 


Pite when 

support began 


Depcadent'i income, last 12 months 


Name and address 


Contributed 

by the 

registrant 


Earned by the 
dependent 


Received from 
other sources 


























































Address 





5. The cause of the dependency of any persons over 18 years of age (excluding my wife) listed above la m follows: (Give the 
name and a full statement of cause for dependency In each case.) ________ 



Of my dependents, only the following are receiving a pari of their support from persons other than myself. (Give name 
cl dependent, name and address of other person or agency contributing to his support, and amount so contributed in cash 

or other things of value by such other psrsoa ee a~««7 during the l_rt It months.) 



(4) 



311 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



Series VII —DEPENDENCY (Confidential except as to names and addresses of claimed dependents.)— Continued 

7. Of the amounts contributed by me to dependents listed above only S , contributed to 

(11 none, write Done) 

, was in payment for my own board and/or lodging. 

(Name of dependent) 

8. The income I earned from my work in my business, occupation, or employment during the past 12 months was $ 

9. My income from all other sources during the past 12 months was S 

10. The following is a list of all property owned by (or held in trust for) either me or my dependents, the value of such property, 
and the net income received by either me or my dependents from such property during the past 12 months: (List this infor- 
mation separately as to the registrant and each dependent. Do not include clothing personal effects, or household 
furnishings; or cash less than S500 Indicate which cf such property is your home.) 



Name of person 


Tn>e of property 


Value fitter deducting 
encumbrance? 


Net Income from tach 
properly 


1 


1 


! 1 1 



11. 1 rent the Louse in which I live. If so, the monthly rent is S , and the name and address of 

(Do, do not) 



my landlord Is . 



12. Other facts which I consider necessary to present fairly my own status and that of my dependents as a basis for my proper 
classification are: (If none, write "None.") _~ 



INSTRUCTIONS. — With respect to any dependent (other than the registrant's own wife, child, parent, or grandparent) 
whose support the registrant has assumed, attach to this page a statement explaining why and under what circumstances the 
registrant assumed such person's support. Such statement will then become a part of this Questionnaire. 

SUPPORTING AFFIDAVIT OF DEPENDENTS OVER 18 TEARS OF AGE 
INSTRUCTIONS— If convenient, each dependent over 18 years of age except the registrant's wife shall swear to (or affirm) 
the following affidavit. The registrant shall furnish the Local Board a separate affidavit from each such dependent who does 
not sign the affidavit below. Blanks for this purpose will be supplied by the Local Board on request. 



State or __ , Cotjjjty o» .«■• 

We the undersigned do Foleranly suear (or affirm) each for himself and herself Individually, that we have read or had read to us the foregoing statements under 
"DEPE *DENCY"; that we understand the same thai « are named as dei>endenK that the statements contained therein as to the name, age, 
re- dence, relationship, and dependency of each of :i< toward said recis: rant, and tho statements of his contributions and the contributions by other persons to tbe sup- 
port of each cf us and the statements of the financial and material condition of each of us, and of the income of each of us from all sources, are true. 



Subscribed and sworn to before me this 



Series VIH— MINISTER. CB STUDENT PREPARING FOR THE MINISTRY 
INSTRUCTIONS. — Every registrant who u a minister or a student preparing for the ministry shall fill in the statements in 



this series that apply to bim 



(6) I. 



(Do. do not) 
since .. 



1. (a) I a minister of religion. 

(Am. am not) 

(c) I have been a minister of the 

(Name of sect or denomlnat 

(<f) I been formally ordained. If so, my ordination was performed on 

tllev*. h»v» noO 

by at 

(Ecclesiastical official pcrformini lb* mJujiiUmm fCltj sod ttato) 

(5) 



customarily serve as a minister. 



(Month, day. year) 
(MontL day. yea/) 









312 



SELECTIVE SERVICE QUESTIONNAIRE 



Series VIII.— MINISTER. OR STUDENT PREPARING FOR THE MINISTRY.— Continued 

3. I a student preparing for the ministry in a theological or divinity school. 

(Am. am Dot) 

4. I am attending the , which was established 

(Name of theological or divinity school) (Before, after) 



September 16, 1939, and is located at , 

(Place) 

Series IX.— CITIZENSHIP 
INSTRUCTIONS. — Every registrant shall fill in the statements numbered 1, 2, 3. and 4 in this series. 



(To« 



(State) 
"(Day)" 



(Country) 
""(Year)""" 



1. I was born at 

2. I was born on 

3. My race is: □ White; □ Negro; G Oriental; G Indian; G Filipino; Other (specify) 

4. I a citizen of the United States. 

(Am, am not) 

INSTRUCTIONS. — Every re; strant who is not a citizen of the United States shall fill in the statements numbered 6, 6, 
3. and 9. 

5. I a citizen or subject of 

(Am, was last) 

6. My permanent residence has been in the United States since. 



(Name of country) 



(Month) (Day) (Year) 

I filed a declaration of intention to become a citizen of the United States (first papers). Declaration 

(Have, have Dot) 

filed at on under No 

(Place) (Month) (Day) (Year) 

filed a petition for naturalization (second papers). Petition filed at 



(Have, have not) 



on 



(Month) (Day) (Year) 

9. I registered with the Alien Registration Division, United States Department of Justice, under the 

(Have, have not) 

Alien Registration Act of 1940. Registration receipt card number, if received 

Series X.— CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTION TO WAR 

INSTRUCTIONS. — Only registrants who are conscientiously opposed to combatant or noncombatant military service by reason 
of their religious training and belief shall fill in this series, and shall obtain from the Local Board a special form on which to give 
substantiating evidence of conscientious objection. The Local Board will determine whether the registrant shall be classed as 
a conscientious objector on the basis of the claim made and the information contained in the special form. 

I claim the exemption provided by the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 for conscientious objectors because I am 
conscientiously opposed, by reason of my religious training and belief, to the type or types of service checked below: 

(rut an "X" in the rj Combatant militarv service 
correct box or __ „ . . . 

boxes.) G Noncombatant military service 

Series XL— COURT RECORD (Confidential) 

INSTRUCTIONS.— Every registrant shall fill in statement Number 1. 

1. I been convicted of treason or a felonv. 

(Have, have not) 
INSTRUCTIONS. — Every registrant who has ever been convicted of such an offense shall fill in the statements numbered 
2, 3, and 4. 

2. The offense was 

3. The approximate date of conviction was 

(Month) 

i. The name and location of the court was 



(Day) 
(Name) 



Series XH.— MILITARY SERVICE (Confidential) 
INSTRUCTIONS. — Every registrant who now is or has been a member of the armed forces of the United States shall fill 
in the statements in this series, il'se a separate line for each term of service.) 
My militarv service has been as follows: 



Date or Entry into 

Service 
(Month, Day. Year) 



TVPE OF D19CHARGK 

(Honorable. Dishonorable, Bad 

conduct. Not honorable. Undesirable, 
or Other - S[>icify> 



313 



SELECTIVE SERVICE IN ILLINOIS 



Series xm.— STUDENTS, PRESENT MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES, CERTAIN OFFICIALS, ETC. 

INSTRUCTIONS. — Every registrant who is a member of one or more of the groups named in this series shall check the 
appropriate item or items, and shall supply any further information called for under the item or items checked. 

I am at present: 

D A college or university student, having entered upon attendance for the academic year 1940-1941 at 

(Name of college 

on , 1940. This college or university is located at 

or university) (Month) (Day) 

. I am pursuing a course of study Involving hours attendance 

(Place) (Number) 

per week leading to the . I request that if I am selected for 

(Name of degree or certificate) (Do, do not) 

training and service, my induction be postponed until the end of the present academic year, which ends on __ 

(Month) 

, 1941. 

(Day) 

□ A commissioned officer, warrant officer, pay clerk, or enlisted man of the Regular Army, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the 

Coast Guard, the Coast and Geodetic Survey, the Public Health Service, the federally recognized active National Guard, 
the Officers' Reserve Corps, the Regular Army Reserve, the Enlisted Reserve Corps, the Naval Reserve, or the Marine 

Corps Reserve; my rank or commission is In the „ 

(Name of service) 

□ A cadet, United States Military Academy; midshipman, United States Naval Academy; cadet, United States Coast Guard 

Academy ; man who has been accepted for admittance (commencing with the academic year next succeeding such acceptance) 
to the United States Military Academy as cadet, to the United States Naval Academy as midshipman, or to the United 
States Coast Guard Academy as cadet, and whose acceptance is still in effect; cadet of the advanced course, senior 

division, Reserve Officers' Training Corps or Naval Reserve Officers' Training Corps; I am _ 

(A cadet, midshipman, 

in „ 

or accepted for admittance) (Name of corps, academy, etc.) 

□ The Governor of a State or Territory, a member of a legislative body of the United States or of a State or Territory, a judge 

of a court of record of the United States or of a State or Territory or the District of Columbia; my office is 



REGISTRANT'S STATEMENT REGARDING CLASSIFICATION 

INSTRUCTIONS. — It is optional with registrant whether or not he fills in this statement, and failure to answer shall not con- 
stitute a waiver of claim to deferred or other status. The local board is charged by law to determine the classification of the 
registrant on the basis of the facts before it, which should be taken fully into consideration regardless of whether or not this 
statement is filled in. 

Jn view of the facts set forth in this Questionnaire it is my opinion that my classification should be Class 

(See Instructions, page 1) 
The registrant may write in the space below or attach to this page any statement which he believes should be brought to the 
attention of the Local Board in determining his classification. 



REGISTRANT'S AFFIDAVIT 

INSTRUCTIONS. — 1. Every registrant shall make the registrant's affidavit. 2. If the registrant cannot read, the questions 
and his answers thereto shall be read to him by the officer who administers the oath. 



State of , County or 



I, , do solemnly swear (or affirm) 

that I am the registrant named and described in the foregoing statments in this Questionnaire, that I have read (or have had read 
to me) the statements made by and about me, and that each and every such statement is true and complete to the best of my 
knowledge, information and belief. 



Registrant sign here tS" 

(Signature or mark of registrant) 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this day of , 19 



(Signature of officer) 



(Designation of officer) 

If the registrant has received assistance from an advisor, the latter will sign the following statementi 
I have assisted the registrant herein named in the preparation of this Questionnaire. 



m 



314 



SELECTIVE SERVICE QUESTIONNAIRE 



INSTRUCTIONS.— Registrant shall write nothing below this line when filling out the Questionnaire. 
MINUTE OF ACTION ON REQUEST FOR EXTENSION OF TIME FOR FILING CLAIM OR PROOF 

The application of to have time for filing claim or proof extended 

to . 19 is te"ged} forthe reason that 



MINUTE OF ACTION BY LOCAL BOARD 
The Local Board classifies the registrant In Class , Subdivision , by the following vote: Ayes , Noes 



APPEAL TO BOARD OF APPEAL 
I hereby appeal from the classification by the Local Board In Class , Subdivision 



(Date) (Signature of person appealing) 

INSTRUCTIONS.— Yon must also attach here a written statement specifying the class or classes in which you think you 
should be placed. If you wish the appeal board to review a determination regarding your physical or mental fitness, you 
must fill out and sign the form for appeal on the Report of Physical Examination (Form 200) and you must attach to that form 
a statement specifying the class or classes in which you think you should be placed 

MINUTE OF ACTION BY BOARD OF APPEAL 
The Board of Appeal classifies the registrant In Class , Subdivision , by the following vote: Ayes Noes 



Member. 



I hereby appeal to the President from classification by the Board of Appeal in Class , Subdivision . 

Certificates and recommendations required by section 379, S. S. R., are attached. 





(Date) (Signature of person appealing) 


Dates 


MINUTES OF OTHER ACTIONS 



































































315 



SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM 
AFFIDAVIT— OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION (Special— Revised) 

(Submit in triplicate, plus »ny additional copies specified by certifying agency) 



Name of company , 

... . , . , (Corporation, partnership, individual — if self-employed, so state ) 

Address at which 



registrant is employed 



(Location of plant, office, or division where registrant works) 



(City) 

Description of the activities of this establishment 



Social Security Industrial Code 



(If not known, call local U. S. E. S. office) 



Name of registrant 



Selective Service Order No. Date of birth 

Local Board 



(Number) 

Title of present job 



(State whether journeyman, apprentice, helper, certificated, licensed, professional engineer, etc.) 

Describe duties actually performed 



(Be specific — include name of machine or machine tool, process, materials, etc.) 

Date employed Date entered present job 



Average weekly rate of pay Average hours worked per week 

Prior work experience _ — 



Educational background 



(Fill out if necessary to establish employees qualifications for a particular job) 

ft. 8. 8. Form 42A (Spociai-Rcviswi) DUPLICATE (ovbrI 

(Revised 2-19-15) •• !•— ao»- 

()n this and the next page is shoicn <i reproduction of the affidavit 
submitted by a company claiming industrial deferment for one of its 
employes liable for military service 1 orm 12 A (Special Revised) 



316 






(Official position) 



Employer: Leave this section blank. Certifying Agency: Complete this section only if request is certified. 
CERTIFYING AGENCY 



certified on 



(Name of agency authorized to certify) 

for a period of 



(Agency code No.) 



(Not to exceed 6 months) 



LOCAL BOARD REPORT TO 
STATE DIRECTOR 



(Local Boaki Dati Stah? With Com) 



This registrant has been classified in 
Class until — 



TRIPLICATE 



(Member or clerk of local board) 

o« 16 — 38024-1 •- * MvmmuT numris ernes 



317 



ILLINOIS MONTHLY CALLS AND INDUCTIONS 

November, 1940, through December, 1945, inclusive 



YEAR AND 


CALL 


INDUCTIONS 


YEAR AND 


CALL 


INDUCTIONS 


MONTH 






MONTH 






1940 






1944 






November and 






January 


15,335 


14,844 


December 


828 


(See below 


February 


16,952 


3,365 






for total 


March 


19,277 


13,771 


1941 




inductions 


April 


15,260 


11,115 


January 


3,038 


Nov. 1940 


May 


9,552 


9,529 


February 


5,213 


through June, 


June 


7,863 


7,461 


March 


10,039 


1941) 


July 


6,533 


7,093 


April 


10,490 




August 


5,592 


5,407 


May 
June 


4,021 
11,219 


45,207 
4,553 


September 
October 


3,845 
4,266 


3,962 
4,218 


July 


4,347 


November 


4,438 


3,450 


August 


2,778 


3,399 


December 


4,283 


3,322 


September 


2,786 


2,543 








October 


6,129 


5,620 


1945 






November 


2,694 


4,246 


January 


5,013 


4,507 


December 


1,837 


2,441 


February 


8,284 


4,523 








March 


8,408 


5,732 


1942 






April 


8,440 


5,141 


January 


6,119 


3,748 


May 


8,187 


4,863 


February 


13,623 


13,173 


June 


8,215 


5,277 


March 


11,280 


11,170 


July 


6,574 


5,798 


April 


11,694 


10,430 


August 


6,410 


4,276 


May 


11,901 


12,363 


September 


2,814 


2,736 


June 


13,695 


17,642 


October 


2,770 


2,039 


July 


22,436 


12,197 


November 


2,693 


1,957 


August 


23,283 


14,618 


December 


2,751 


1,329 


September 


21,786 


20,826 








October 


27,490 


27,107 








November 


29,115 


19,369 








December 


32,570 


16,509 








1943 












January 


24,429 


22,555 








February 


31,199 


27,774 








March 


30,750 


25,244 








April 


28,902 


19,192 








May 


23,978 


18,297 








June 


23,420 


22,214 








July 


28,949 


25,967 








August 


24,424 
20,914 


16,427 
13,855 








September 


(IlltluCtioilS C 


ontinued to , 


"iept ember of 


October 


17,335 


11,107 


1916. but the 


figures on < 


alls for 1946 


November 


21,161 


16,889 


were not m-oi 


table to the 


author up to 


December 


20,210 


13,576 


publication ti 


rue.) 





318 



LOCAL BOARDS IN ILLINOIS 

Their Locations, Registrations, Numbers of Men Inducted 

and Personnel (Including Examining Physicians 

and Dentists on General Assignment) 

Local Boards are listed on the following pages under their respective 
counties, alphabetical order being maintained for the counties and for the 
cities within the counties. Designations for the personnel of each Local Board 
are as follows : 

M: Local Board Member 

GA : Government Appeal Agent or 

Associate Government Appeal Agent 

XP: Examining Physician 

XD: Examining Dentist 

RC: Reemployment Committeeman 

C : Clerk or Assistant Clerk 

Names are listed alphabetically within their own designated categories. 
To avoid duplication of names of persons who served in several capacities on 
one Board, or who served with more than one Board, each person is listed in 
his or her last assignment. 

In counties which had two or more Local Boards and where Examining 
Physicians (XP), Examining Dentists (XD) and members of Advisory Boards 
for Registrants (AB) served all the Boards in one county, these personnel 
are listed in separate groups following the final Local Board in each such 
county. 

The figure following "Men furnished to the armed forces" represents only 
the number of men each Local Board furnished to the armed forces by induc- 
tion. Because of the unavailability of complete and correct figures, plus other 
considerations, it was determined not to include so-called "credits" to each 
Local Board for men and women who enlisted or were commissioned in the 
various branches of the armed forces. 

A number of Local Boards changed their locations during the period of 
Selective Service operation, and each location shown represents the one which 
was occupied for the longest period of time by the Board concerned. 



319 



ADAMS COUNTY 



ADAMS COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Post Office Building, Quincy 

Registration: 5164 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1073 

Personnel : 

Roy J. Holford M 

T. E. Jefferson M 

Merle S. Koch M 

Wilbur Pearce M 

John Speckhardt M 

John T. Reardon GA 

Lawrence Emmons, Jr. GA 

Dr. C. E. Ericson XP 

Dr. James F. Merritt XP 



Dr. J. F.Ross XP 
Dr. Harry R. Farwell XD 
Dr. H. M. Tarpley XD 
Roy L. Sharrow RC 
George B. Whitman RC 
Aylette H. Buckner C 
Leona M. Hull C 
Anna M. Jeffrey C 



QUINCY CITY No. 1 

Location: W.C.U. Building, Quincy 

Registration: 4796 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1418 

Personnel : 

Joseph B. Engelmeyer M 
Robert W. Halbach, Sr. M 
Robert Thomas Kinneman M 
Nate Mack M 
Louis J. Monroe M 
Chester A. Morse M 
Albert P. Niemeyer M 
G. Frederick Pfeiffer M 
Carl G. Schmiedeskamp M 
Albert J. Stone M 



Mark A. Penick GA 
Dr. Kent Barber XP 
Dr. Donald H. Root XP 
Dr. A. H. Sohm XD 
Robert H. Malcomson RC 
Milton H. Vollmer RC 
Joseph H. Ostermiller C 
Nadine A. Lusk C 
Emma Lou Sterne C 



QUINCY CITY No. 2 

Location: W.C.U. Building, Quincy 

Registration: 4602 

Men furnished to armed forces : 1 1 56 

Personnel : 

Fred L. Bailey M 

Andrew L. Dickhut M 

Oscar F. Eggeson M 

Joseph M. Hirschinger M 

Hubert P. Klingele M 

Everett L. Lawrence M 

Adam J. Scholz M 

James Nielson GA 

Group Examiners fo 

Dr. Milton E. Bitter XP 
Dr. Paul Brenner XP 
Dr. Walter Libmann XP 



Dr. George L. Athey 
Dr. James L. Rouner 
Dr. L. H.Wolfe XD 
A. L. Martin RC 
A Kin W. Michel RC 
( lharles E. Sparks ( '. 
Althea Menke ( ! 
Betty E.Smith C 



XP 
XP 



Adams County 
Dr. Harr) 0. Ryan 



XP 



I >r. Kenneth W. Kin-land 
Dr. Roy H. II. n \l> 



\|t 



(Continued) 



320 



ADAMS COUNTY— Continued 



Advisory Board Members for Adams County 



Charles L. Bartlett 
Carl B. Berter 
Herman H. Brown 
M. Finlay Carrott 
J. E. Carter 
Walter Craig 
Joel M. Dickerman 
William Dieterich 
John F. Garner 
Chester A. Groves 
John T. Inghram 
Jesse Klein 



Harold W. Lewis 
Delbert Loos 
S. E. McAfee 
C. C. Mason 
Charles G. Nauert 
Richard Neu 
Paul B. Nichols 
Philip Schlagenhauf 
Richard Scholz 
Aubrey D. Spence 
Rolland M. Wagner 
C. H. Wood 



ALEXANDER COUNTY 



ALEXANDER COUNTY No. 1 

Location : Halliday Estate Building, Cairo 

Registration : 6399 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1760 

Personnel : 

Harry Cade M 

W. E. Cummins M 

Norman R. Halliday M 

Eastin L. Holliday M 

Victor H. Honey M 

John Thistlewood M 

Peyton Berbling GA 

D. B. Reid GA 

Dr. J. J. Rendleman XP 

Dr. J. K. Rosson XP 

Dr. H. D. Stuckey XP 

Dr. R. M.Young XP 

Dr. Van Andrews XD 



Dr. Howard Moreland XD 
Paul S. Clutts RC 
R. A. Gregory RC 
Joseph F. McGruder RC 
Robert L. Williams RC 
Robert L. Lansden AB 
Donald A. Miller AB 
Walter B. Warder AB 
Helen Jo Dorsett C 
Mary Flack C 
Mary Lottie Rock C 
Sarah H. Schmitt C 



BOND COUNTY 

BOND COUNTY No. 1 

Location: First National Bank Building, Greenville 

Registration: 3421 

Men furnished to armed forces: 958 

Personnel : 



Christian J. Bauer M 
William Foran M 
Conrad 0. Kirstein M 
D. E. Sims M 
George H. Weber M 
Glen B. Wilson GA 
Dr. Dewitt T. Brown XP 
Dr. H. D. Cartmell XP 
Dr. Archibald M. Keith XP 
Dr. Richard Maxwell XP 
Dr. L. A. Floyd XD 
Dr. F. E. Linder XD 
Dr. W. A. McCracken XD 



Chester 0. Bare RC 

Fred A. Mier RC 

Ray A. Wise RC 

Friedolin A. Brandenburger 

J. H. Allio AB 

John D. Biggs AB 

L. C. Combe AB 

Foss D. Meyer AB 

Robert Smith AB 

Eileen M. Genre C 

Ira King C 

Rebekah Ann Smith C 



RC 



321 



BOONE COUNTY 



BOONE COUNTY No. 1 
Location : City Hall, Belvidere 
Registration: 3822 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1012 
Personnel : 

Clifford A. Barringer M 

Arthur B. Cleaver M 

Robert J. Fischer M 

Eugene H. Frye M 

Wrate H. Hill M 

Julian L. Larson M 

Ives Law M 

Fred A. Marean M 

Einer Petersen M 

Warren C. Rowan M 

Frederick W. Shappert, Jr. M 

Robert Emmett Sullivan M 

Richard V. Carpenter GA 

Owen Johnson GA 

Dr. E. S. Davis XP 

Dr. Everett Dettmann XP 

Dr. Nevin E. Diehl XP 

Dr. F. E. Duncan XP 

Dr. W. M. Freeman XP 



Dr. M. L. Hartman XP 
Dr. David E. James XP 
Dr. Gordon J. Kaske XP 
Dr. Wesley B. Oliver 
Dr. Adrian Schreiber 
Dr. Stanley J. Smith 
Dr. A. W.Swift XP 
Dr. John F. West XP 
Dr. John E. Bruce XD 
Dr. W. D. McMaster XD 
Frank W. Braun RC 
George R. McConnell 
Edwin A. Loop AB 
Frank A. Oakley AB 
Patrick H. O'Donnell AB 
Albert S. O'Sullivan AB 
Mildred L. Shattuck C 
V. Ruth Welcher C 



XP 
XP 
XP 



RC 



BROWN COUNTY 



BROWN COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Federal Building, Mt. Sterling 

Registration: 1708 

Men furnished to armed forces: 452 

Personnel : 



James R. Clark M 
L. W. Dunlap M 



Leonard A. Gross 
George 0. McCoy 
George Robinson 
Joseph R. Morton 
Dr. Ray McGann 
Dr. E. L. Browning 



M 

M 
M 

GA 
XP 
XD 



Albert E. Grether RC 
Carl M. Husted RC 



R. L. Webber RC 
Vernon Briggs AB 
John Q. Lawless AB 
Fred Manny AB 
Walter I. Manny AB 
Paul Martin AB 
Charles E. Turner AB 
Eloese S. Hallden C 
Harry C. Hutter C 



322 



BUREAU COUNTY 



BUREAU COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Room 202, County Court House, Princeton 

Registration: 3662 

Men furnished to armed forces : 939 

Personnel : 



James H. Faley, Jr. M 
William B. Headley M 
Carey R. Johnson M 
Henry H. Morrasy M 
John C. Robb M 
William M. Russell M 
John S. Skinner M 
John F. Sullivan M 
Perry D. Trimble GA 
G. C. Wilson GA 
Dr. Charles C. Barrett XP 
Dr. Arthur N. Bolz XP 
Dr. A. G. Everhart XP 
Dr. 0. B. Giltner XP 
Dr. Harold Hamnett XP 
Dr. J. H. Hopkins XP 



Dr. F. E.Inks XP 
Dr. J. M. O'Malley XP 
Dr. J. W. O'Malley XP 
Dr. Peter H. Poppens XP 
Dr. E. H. Schnicke XP 
Dr. Albert B. Troupa XP 
Dr. F. Wright Hedenschoug 
Dr. John F. Highfield XD 
W. Roy Robinson RC 
Clifford Thompson RC 
Louis A. Zearing RC 
Virginia M. Foster C 
Margaret Hedlund C 
Mrs. Bernice Holloway C 
Mrs. Esther Sachs C 
Norman H. Weeks C 



XD 



BUREAU COUNTY No. 2 

Location: Room B-2, Court House, Princeton 

Registration: 5050 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1557 

Personnel: 

Anton B. Ackerson M 

Bradford Reed Battey M 

Lloyd H. Coddington M 

Raymond A. Eiten M 

W. L. Jacobsen M 

Frank Martinelli M 

William Roy Robinson M 

Glenn Sitterly M 

T. E. Sullivan M 

C. N. Hollerich GA 

Josef T. Skinner GA 

Dr. T. L. Chiasson XP 

Dr. L. M.Dunn XP 

Dr. R. E. Davies XP 

Dr. Phillip V. Hall XP 



Dr. George E. Kirby XP 
Dr. K. M. Nelson XP 
Dr. M. A. Nix XP 
Dr. J.J. Nora XP 
Dr. Clarence Olson XP 
Dr. Louis Slatin XP 
Dr. H. D. Steele XP 
Dr. Richard E. Lee XD 
Guy Kasbeer RC 
Peter Ternetti RC 
William J. Wimbiscus RC 
Helen Ellis C 
Barbara C. Lindner C 
Helen Swingle C 



Advisory Board Members for Bureau County 

Claude Brown Robert A. Oakes 

Horace R. Brown Fred G. Russell 

Merville L. Brown R. L. Russell 

Arthur H. Ellis Ethel M. Sharp 

Edward Grampp J. L. Spaulding 

Hobart W. Gunning L. D. Spaulding, Jr. 

(Mrs.) Gene Johnson William W. Wilson 

Leonard A. Johnson Cairo A. Trimble 

Lillie M. Jones G. C. Wilson 
John W. Naffziger 



323 



CALHOUN COUNTY 



CALHOUN COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Main Street, Hardin 
Registration: 2096 
Men furnished to armed forces : 644 
Personnel : 

Philip Aderton M 

Frank Droege M 

Arthur Kemp M 

Glenn S. Nevius M 

Harold L. Whitworth M 

C. C. Worthy GA 

Dr. George W. Fritz XP 

Dr. Sam L. Miller XP 

Dr. J. H. Peisker XP 

Dr. W. A. Skeele XP 

Dr. C. J. Monroe XD 

Dr. R. R. Hardesty XD 

Walter B. Holzwarth RC 

Elmer L. Sheer RC 

Raymond Siemer RC 



J. Clark Anderson AB 
S. A. Benz AB 
PaulR. Durr AB 
Charles M. Hagen AB 
Edmond J. Hughes AB 
Ben Klaas AB 
Howard Klemme AB 
Frank W. Mossman AB 
George Sibley AB 
Raphael Snyders AB 
William F. Suhling AB 
Charles Zigrang AB 
Arthur F. Eberlin C 
lone Mielke C 



CARROLL COUNTY 



CARROLL COUNTY No. 1 
Location: Federal Building, Mt. Carroll 
Registration: 4474 

Men furnished to armed forces : 1111 
Personnel : 

Robert M. Coleman M 

Thomas H. Diffenderfer 

Ernest L. Frey M 

Arthur C. Reeves M 

J.V.Sullivan M 

Glendon V. Weir 

Charles E. Stuart 

Dr. A. A. Calkins 

Dr. S. P. Colehour 

Dr. J. C. Garland 

Dr. L. B. Hussey 



M 
GA 
XP 
XP 
XP 
XP 
Dr. William J. Scholes XP 
Dr. E. C. Turner XP 



Dr. G. W. Cassell XD 
Dr. C. F. lsenberger XD 
Joseph B. Loeser RC 
Roswell W. Packard RC 
J. L. Brearton AB 
Ralph M. Eaton AB 
Orion M. Grove AB 
Franklin U. Stransky AB 
A. F. Wingert AB 
Vernon B. Ackerman C 
Dorothea L. Edwards C 
Edith J. Smith C 



324 



CASS COUNTY 



CASS COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Schmidt Building, Beardstown 

Registration: 3840 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1054 

Personnel : 

George V. Aldridge M 

Ralph P. Baxter M 

James E. Fox M 

John Joseph Jenkins M 

Myron L. Kloker M 

Harry E. Musch M 

Dr. W. D. Pence M 

Arthur H. Tuecke M 

R. L. Northcutt GA 

Dr. Thomas G. Charles XP 

Dr. V. M. Corman XP 

Dr. B. A. Desulis XP 

Dr. R. D. Burley XP 

Dr. J. F.Myers XP 

Dr. W. E. Shelton XP 

Dr. W. S. Taylor XP 



Dr. E. W. Thomas XP 
Dr. Forest V. Diggs XD 
Joseph M. Bergman RC 
Arthur H. Miller RC 
Cyril Robert Ratcliffe RC 
Harold Bishop AB 
Mrs. Rena Beard Krusie AB 
Lloyd Milton McClure AB 
L. M. McClure, Sr. AB 
H. L. Milstead AB 
George D. Shultz AB 
James C. Yancy AB 
Mrs. Ida J. Madison C 
Virginia Elaine Nagel C 
Wilma Thrasher C 



CHAMPAIGN COUNTY 



CHAMPAIGN COUNTY No. 1 

Location: 110 South Race Street, JJrhana 
Registration: 4569 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1070 
Personnel : 

Harry E. Defibaugh M 
Virgil L. Harvey M 
Fred E. Stevens M 
Lawrence B. Walton M 
Roy A. Wright M 
Chester W. Richards GA 
Homer Shepherd GA 
Dr. C. G. Appelle XP 
Dr. E. S. Axtell XP 
Dr. C.E.Brown XP 
Dr. C. W. Christie XP 
Dr. C. D. Gulick XP 
Dr. G. Laymon XP 
Dr. John O'Connell XP 
Dr. M. M. Ricketts XP 



Dr.E.J.Rueck XP 
Dr.L. 0. Sale XP 
Dr. R.H. Smith XP 
Dr. G. D. Troyer XP 
Dr. L. E. Rasmusson XD 
Dr. E. C. Thompson XD 
Dr. K. M. Waxier XD 
Jesse L. Jones RC 
Rev. C.G.Hall RC 
H.Adair Webb RC 
Muriel M. Holmes C 
Doris M. Johnson C 
Edith Marlowe C 
Susie G. Webster C 



(Continued) 



325 



CHAMPAIGN COUNTY— Continued 



CHAMPAIGN COUNTY No. 2 
Location: Bourne Street, Tolono 
Registration: 2908 
Men furnished to armed forces: 658 
Personnel : 

John Gorman M 

V. L. Horton M 

Howard Kemper M 

C. F. Maley M 

Edwin W. Smalley M 

0. L. Browder GA 

Dr. Floyd W. Castator XP 

Dr. P. C. Casto XP 

Dr. William H. Cooper XP 

Dr. Glenn F. Fishel XP 



Dr. James S. Mason XP 
Dr. Willard L. Veirs XP 
Dr. J. W. Walton XP 
Dr. W. F. Johnston XD 
Dr. F.M.Rose XD 
Lewis G. Coonrod, Sr. RC 
Frederick D. Lewis RC 
J. C. V.Taylor RC 
Harriett H. Franks C 
Beulah Weasel C 



CHAMPAIGN-URBANA CITY No. 1 

Location: 11Y2 East University Avenue 

Registration: 9486 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2504 

Personnel: 

Donald C. Dodds M 

T. J. Harbaugh M 

Harry E. Bigler M 

Justa M. Lindgren M 

William H. Owens M 

John B. Prettyman M 

Robert W. Webber M 

John H. Armstrong GA 

Dr. E. C. Albers XP 

Dr. V. T. Austin XP 

Dr. H. R. Bodine XP 

Dr. C. S. Bucher XP 

Dr. A. J. Dalton XP 

Dr. J. C. Dallenbach XP 

Dr. Raymond Evans XP 

Dr. S. S. Garrett XP 

Dr. L. T. Gregory XP 

Dr. Everett E. Hill XP 

Dr. M. W. Hedgcock XP 

Dr. B. Smith Hopkins, Jr. XP 

Dr. G. R. Ingram XP 

Dr. C. H. Irvin XP 

Dr. Darwin Kirby XP 

Dr. W. F. Lamkin XP 



Dr. J. D. McKinney XP 

Dr. C. T. Moss XP 

Dr. Joel A. Peterson XP 

Dr. C. F. Newcomb XP 

Dr. G. L. Porter XP 

Dr. John R. Powell XP 

Dr. H. F. Rawlings XP 

Dr. W. E. Schowengerdt XP 

Dr. J. E. Sexton XP 

Dr. C. H. Spears XP 

Dr. L. M. T. Stilwell XP 

Dr. George F. Way XP 

Dr. S. J. Wilson XP 

Dr. W. M. Youngerman XP 

Dr. C. M. Bechtol XD 

Dr. E. G. Stevens XD 

Harry E. Daniels RC 

Lvle H. Gallivan RC 

R.W.Webber RC 

Evelyn Downs C 

Doris E. Grant C 

Emily Morrison C 

R. Joan C. Moomau C 



Advisory Board Members for Champaign County 



W. Carl Allen 
John A. Appleman 
John H. Barth 
Oris Barth 
H. B. Boyer 



John J. Bresee 
Louis A. Busch 
Robert Busch 
A. E. Campbell 
James L. Capel 



(Continued) 



326 



CHAMPAIGN COUNTY [Advisory Board]— Continued 



F. T. Carson 
Joseph R. Carson 
Thomas Burke Carson 
Asa S. Chapman 
James F. Clark 
Roy R. Cline 
Edwin W. Collard 
Joseph W. Corazza 
R. W. Corman 
R. W. Davies 
Charles W. Davis 
Henry J. Dietz 

D. C. Dobbins 
Donald V. Dobbins 
R. F. Dobbins 

W. J. Dolan 
Lloyd S. Engert 
J. C. Ermentront 
French L. Fraker 
John L. Franklin 
J. Edwin Filson 
Chancy L. Finfrock 
Gail R. Fisher 
Forrest B. Gore 

E. W. Hollaran 
Fred B. Hamill 
J. L. Hanmore 
Earl C. Harrington 
Lawrence R. Hatch 
Julius J. Hirschfeld 
C. E. Iungerich 
Chester E. Keller 
Harry E. Kerker 
Thornton R. Kirk 
William H. Lee 



Roger F. Little 
T. E. Lyons 
August C. Meyer 
H. M. Miller 
John M. Mitchem 
A. D. Mulliken 
Wallace M. Mulliken 
W. A. Nichols 
Enos L. Phillips 
William G. Palmer 
Darius E. Phebus 
Alfred H. Reichman 
Donald M. Reno 
Don D. Richmond 
Walter B. Riley 
Edwin W. Sale 
Peter P. Schaefer 
Arthur J. B. Showalter 
H. F. Simonson 
James A. Solon 
Godfrey Sperling, Jr. 
C. E. Tate 
J. G. Thomas 
Albert Tuxhorn 
Earl W. Wagner 
Charles M. Webber 
A. S. Weeks 
Gene Weisinger 
James H. Wheat 
J. C. Williamson 
Forney Wingard 
R. E. Winkelmann 
W. F. Woods, Jr. 
W. F. Woods 



CHRISTIAN COUNTY 



CHRISTIAN COUNTY No. 1 
Location: 123 1 /h Main Street, Taylorville 
Registration: 4988 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1452 
Personnel : 

Melle Calloway M 

Patrick J. Doyle M 

Clare E. Flesher M 

Rual Forsythe M 

Harry Clyde Irwin M 

Arthur Yockey GA 

Dr. G. L. Armstrong XP 

Dr. S. B. Herdman XP 

Dr. C. R. McPherson XP 

Dr. William H. Mercer XP 

Dr. Richard J. Miller XP 

Dr. Willis A. Monaghan XP 



Dr. F. L. Puckett XP 
Dr. W. H. Schott XP 
Dr. George A. Tankersley XP 
Dr. Albert F. Turner XP 
Dr.H. M.Wolfe XP 
Dr. J. W. Spresser XD 
Dr. B. R. Tedrow XD 
Ora E. Daggett RC 
Gilbert H. Large RC 
Louetta B. Roberts C 
Gertrude M. Roe C 
R. R. Simpson C 

(Continued) 



327 



CHRISTIAN COUNTY— Continued 



CHRISTIAN COUNTY No. 2 

Location: County Court House, Taylorville 

Registration: 3854 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1105 

Personnel: 

Frank P. Anderson M 

Basil C.King M 

Norbert Leo LaRochelle M 

Charles R. Shake M 

Benjamin F. Zobrist M 

Edward E. Adams GA 

John H. Fornoff GA 

Dr. John Alderson XP 

Dr. Grover C. Bullington XP 

Dr. Walter Burgess XP 

Dr. Paul K. Hagen XP 

Dr. D. M. Littlejohn XP 

Dr. Wilfred S. Miller XP 



Dr. M. A. Reichman XP 
Dr. R. M. Seaton XP 
Dr. F. W. Siegert XP 
Dr. R. B. Seigert XP 
Dr. F. R. Hamilton XD 
Dr. A. E. Helm XD 
Dr. H. C. Pence XD 
JoeE. Bovd RC 
Roger De'Hart RC 
Louis Marsch RC 
Inez M. Porter C 
Mrs. Mona K. Yonce C 



Advisory Board Members for Christian County 

Charles E. Bliss 
Harold Broverman 
H. B. Clotfelter 



John W. Coale 
Daniel H. Dailey 
Logan G. Griffith 
Harry B. Grundy 
Scott Hoover 
David W. Johnston 



W. Quinn Jordan 
Joe P. Longwell 
W. B. McBride 
Pearl Montgomery 
Amos M. Pinkerton 
Guy L. Smith 
Thomas Sweeney 
Samuel M. Taylor 



CLARK COUNTY 



CLARK COUNTY No. 1 
Location: City Hall, Martinsville 
Registration : 4226 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1219 
Personnel : 

John H. Davison M 

Harry L. Downey M 

Charles S. Foster M 

Robert Prewett M 

James W. Starner M 

John M. Hollenbeck GA 

Dr. R.B.Boyd XP 

Dr. Charles 0. Highsmith XP 

Dr. H. C. Houser XP 

Dr. Lester H. Johnson XP 

Dr. Earl H. Mitchell XP 

Dr. William M. Rogers XP 

Dr. John Weir XP 



Dr. L. J. Weir XP 
Dr. D. L. Wilhoit XP 
Dr. Clarence D. Mitchell 
Frank A. Johnson RC 
Basil W. Moore RC 
Howard E. Swinford RC 
Harrv J. Buxbaum AB 
Victor C. Miller Mi 
Stewart McClellan AB 
C.A.Williams \i: 
Norma Huffman C 
Everj n June Kanmacher 
Orion Wiser C 



\l) 



328 



CLAY COUNTY 



CLAY COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Oil Exchange Building, Flora 

Registration: 4650 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1390 

Personnel : 

Willard R. Dewhirst M 

Arthur P. Holt M 

Robert S. Jones M 

Harvey D. McCollum M 

Lawrence E. McCommons M 

E. E. Rose M 

R. V. Stephens M 

Emery E. Calhoon GA 

Dr. Norton W. Bowman XP 

Dr. D. E. Fatheree XP 

Dr. Rolla D. Finch XP 

Dr. Curtis M. Henderson XP 

Dr. L. L. Hutchins XP 



Dr. J. P. Shore XP 
Dr. A. M. Sparling XP 
Dr. M. C. Powell XD 
E. D. Given RC 
Robert H. Scudamore RC 
Ira E. Theobald RC 
Ralph G. Meyer AB 
Alsie N. Tolliver AB 
Sara Mae Allen C 
Arthur K. Brentlinger C 
Lawrence Kellums C 
Lois Grace Tully C 



CLINTON COUNTY 



CLINTON COUNTY No. 1 

Location: First National Bank Building. Carlyle 

Registration: 5471 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1631 

Personnel: 



T. C. Albers M 
Sterling Price Bond M 
Thomas Bond M 
William E. Carson M 
Joseph H. Finley M 
Charles N. Fisher M 
William F. Fix M 
Gordon E. Houck M 
Arnold J. Marcham M 
Frazier B. Newkirk M 
Oscar Spaeth M 
Fred F. Wollenweber M 
William R. Murphv GA 
Ernst C. Asbury XP 
Dr. M. A. Bateman XP 
Dr. W. S. Carter XP 
Dr. W. L. DuComb XP 
Dr. A. L. Fischer XP 
Dr. Edward Hediger XP 
Dr. W. R. Ketterer XP 



Dr. John Q. Roane XP 
Dr. William H. Sauer XP 
Dr. C. A. Z. Sharp XP 
Dr. R. S. Wallace XP 
Dr. C. S.Kurz XD 
Dr. H. D. Potts XD 
Theodore H. Gross RC 
Carl W.Willi RC 
Helen Brandt AB 
Marie T.Hahn AB 
Maurice B. Johnston AB 
Catherine Kueper AB 
Henrietta Kueper AB 
A. B. Lager AB 
C. A. McNeill, Jr. AB 
Joseph B. Schlarmann AB 
Irene A. Donnewald C 
Charles P. Flanagan C 
Helen Mueller C 



329 



COLES COUNTY 



COLES COUNTY No. 1 

Location: County Court House, Charleston 
Registration: 3686 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1243 
Personnel : 

Samuel C. Ashmore M 

Charles H. Coleman M 

Delbert E. Hahan M 

Lewis S. Linder M 

Dr. P. B.Lloyd M 

Simeon E. Thomas M 

James Y.Kelly GA 

Wayne 0. Shuey GA 

Dr. J. T. Belting XP 

Dr. Martin W. Bisson XP 

Dr. G. B. Dudley XP 

Dr. Charles E. Duncan XP 

Dr. S. B. Goff XP 

Dr. W. J. Harned XP 

Dr. Herbert A. Iknayan XP 



Dr. Nicholas C. Iknayan XP 
Dr. L. T.Kent XP 
Dr. C. D. Swickard XP 
Dr. W. M. Swickard XP 
Dr. H. A. Shaffer XP 
Dr. O. E. Hite XD 
Dr. C. J. Montgomery XD 
Dr. W. E. Sunderman XD 
Dr. Byron C. Trexler XD 
Dr. W. B.Tym XD 
FaeW. Claar RC 
Harold Sensintaffar RC 
Viola Marjorie Clark C 
Earl J. Hibbs C 
Pauline J. Highland C 



COLES COUNTY No. 2 

Location: 1521 Charleston Avenue, Mattoon 

Registration: 5589 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1624 

Personnel : 

Emanuel Berkowitz M 

William Neil Laughlin M 

W. H. Ownby M 

Gus Schlicher M 

Carl 0. Watkins M 

Russell B. James GA 

Fred H.Kelly GA 

Craig Van Meter GA 

Dr. J. G.Baker XP 

Dr. T.A.Bryan XP 

Dr. B.R.Cole XP 

Dr. Paul M. Hardinger XP 

Dr. F. B. Jones XP 

Dr. Edward X. Link XP 

Dr. C. E. Morgan XP 

Lou Morris C 

Dr. H. C. Lumpp XD 



Dr. J. F.Nolan XP 
Dr. S. B. Nuzie XP 
Dr. H. F. Osterhagen 
Dr. L. C. Small XP 
Dr. Albert Summers 
Dr. D. C. Baughman 
Dr. H. A. Baughman 
Dr.R. R.Burke XD 
Dr. C. L. Edmiston XD 
Dr. R.G.Jones XD 
Dr. W. L. Podesta XD 
E. Fred Gardner RC 
Harry I. Hannah RC 
Ferdinand F. Homann 
William G. Sawin RC 
Robert J. Welsh RC 
Mrs. Ivah E. Batcheldor 



XP 

XP 
XD 
XD 



RC 



(Continued) 






330 






COLES COUNTY— Continued 



Advisory Board Members for Coles County 



C. Wade Barrick 
Joseph Berkowitz 
Rev. William I. Blair 
H. Ogden Brainard 
W. M. Briggs 
Everett W. Brown 
F. W. Claar 
Frank E. Cox 
Elmer F. Elston 
Osborn Ferguson 
T. R. Figenbaum 
Kenneth Green 
John H. Hardin 
Edgar H. Hayes 
Maurice F. Rominger 



Jack E. Horsley 
J. E. Hougland 
Clarence W. Hughes 
Carus S. Icenogle 
William K. Kidwell 
John T. Kincaid 
S. Carl Lane 
J. B. Lane 

Kenneth Edward Moss 
Hugh Reat 
Christy Russell 
Orville F. Schoch 
R. Y. Stevenson 
Charles Wallace 
Robert M. Werden 



COOK COUNTY 



COOK COUNTY No. 1 

Location: 121 North Douglas Avenue, Arlington Heights 

Registration: 6047 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1458 

Personnel : 



Burton A. Brannen M 
Paul F. Carroll M 
Elmer W. Crane M 
James E. Millay M 
Delmer R. Rippey M 
Robert M. Utpadel M 
Alphonse J. Weidner M 
Willard C. Walters GA 
Dr. B. T. Best XP 
Dr. J. A. Cousins XP 
Dr. J. Robert Jacobson XP 
Dr. Edward L. Larson XP 
Dr. Norbart Leckband XP 
Dr. Harold 0. Meisenheimer 
Dr. R. J. Novick XP 
Dr. Walter A. Schimmel XP 
Dr. William V. Sher XD 
Dr. E. W. Baumann XD 
John J. Lee RC 



XP 



Peter B. Atwood AB 
Carl M. Behrens AB 
Paul E. Collins AB 
Andrew J. Dallstream AB 
Arthur J. Donovan AB 
Arthur Fassbender AB 
W. Edward Fritz AB 
Edward A. Glaeser AB 
Paul M. Godehn AB 
Frank R. Hartman AB 
John A. Senne AB 
Hugo J. Thai AB 
Loraine M. Kehe C 
Helen Ruth Langlois C 
Vivian D. Masny C 
Esther 0. Smith C 
Frank 0. Smith C 
Lorna K.Walsh C 



(Continued) 



331 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



COOK COUNTY No. 2 

Location: 1137 Central Avenue, Wihnette 
Registration: 5313 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1168 
Personnel : 

George B. Bassler M 

Lester W. Coons M 

Howard F. Dusham M 

Roy Kroeschell M 

Lea J. Orr M 

B. 0. Sullivan M 

Albert B. Tucker M 

James C. Leaton GA 

Dr. Daniel R. Cunningham XP 

Dr. Donal G. Gladish XP 

Dr. M. C. Hecht XP 

Dr. Theodore Krumm XP 

Dr. Floyd L. McGrath XP 

Dr. Lester E. Mee XP 

Dr. Paul E. Minter XP 

Dr. B. L. Mitchell XP 

Dr. Fred D. O'Donnell XP 

Dr. Leo Oppenheimer XP 

Dr. Martin H. Seifert XP 

Dr. H. 0. Weishaar XP 

Dr. George Ambuehl XD 

Dr. Paul B. Bass XD 

Dr. Charles B. Blake XD 



Dr. Joseph A. Bobrow XD 
Dr. Albert J. Bushey XD 
Dr. Gordon G. Chinnock XD 
Dr. E. F. Christie XD 
Dr. S. A. Cowen XD 
Dr. George Eisenbrand XD 
Dr. A. H. Fuessle XD 
Dr. F. J. Genster XD 
Dr. Arthur W. Leaf XD 
Dr. Walter F. Schur XD 
Dr. C. G. Smith XD 
Dr. George D. Upson XD 
F. Dewey Anderson RC 
Alfred W. Jensen RC 
Harry B. Johnston RC 
Robert J. Lascelles RC 
Henry J. Brandt AB 
Samuel H. Gilbert AB 
Frederick J. Newey AB 
L. L. Richmond AB 
Manning L. Ware AB 
Olga B. Roberts C 
Harriett S. Seifert C 



COOK COUNTY No. 3 

Location: 510 Green Bay Road. Winnetka 

Registration : 5633 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1240 

Personnel : 

Joseph P. Colligan M 

Kenneth B. Hawkins M 

Ralph B. Kraetsch M 

Frederic 0. Mason M 

Austin L. Wvman M 

Harold R.Odh M 

Ralph M. Snyder GA 

Grover C. McLaron GA 

Dr. Jay M. Garner XP 

Dr. John H. Gormley XP 

Dr. H. B. Lustigman XP 

Dr. Clarence Minnema XP 

Dr. Maurice H. Wald XP 

Dr. H. D. Wiley XP 

Dr. James Fonda XD 

Frank J. Brady RC 



Robert F. Doepel RC 
Thomas J. Lynch RC 
Donald C. Stixrood RC 
Clinton F. Costenbader 
John W. Day AB 
Martin S. Gordon AB 
Edward R. Lewis AB 
Hyman A. Pierce AB 
George Ragland. Jr. AB 
Merrill A. Russell AB 
Beverly B. Vedder \B 
Virginia W. Bulingham 
Joseph P. Colligan ( ! 
Elizabeth Hamilton C 
Barbara B. Lynde C 
Rachel L. Merrifield C 



AB 



(Continued ) 



332 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



COOK COUNTY No. 4 

Location: 3 South Prospect Avenue, Park Ridge 

Registration: 9891 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2333 

Personnel: 

Charles L. Bishop M 

Silas Cartland M 

Arthur W. Haab M 

Erwin Eugene Hirschberg M 

John J. Lenhart M 

Frank S. Scott M 

Raymond Canaday GA 

Robert J. Monahan GA 

Dr. M. W. Caveney XP 

Dr. H. H. Conley XP 

Dr. P. J. Fahey XP 

Dr. A. A. Fuhlbrigge XP 

Dr. Henry F. Heller XP 

Dr. Irving J. Pascoe XP 

Dr. Benjamin L. Sargent XP 

Dr. A. C. Sequin XP 

Dr. Rudolph V. Sintzel XP 

Dr. Charles A. Cameron XD 

Dr. J. F. Heller XD 

Dr. E. J. Lommel XD 

Dr. Albert Frederick Pagel. Jr. XD 

Dr. J. D. Pett XD 

Miles T.Babb RC 



Harley D. Hohm RC 
C. Edgar Johnson RC 
L. A. Platts RC 
John N. Ralston RC 
Harlan Mayne Stanton RC 
Vincent T. Connor AB 
Luther Binkley AB 
John V. Hanney AB 
Helmer Hansen AB 
J. Theodore Kiggins AB 
Joseph D. Lawyer AB 
W. Scott McDowell AB 
Norman L. Olson AB 
Philip A. Paulson AB 
Joseph T. Scott AB 
Joseph R. Tottenhoff AB 
Henrv L.Wells AB 
Joseph J. Witry AB 
Charles C. Wooster AB 
LeRoy A. Zaleski AB 
Elsie L. Fisher C 
Clarence A. Hall C 
Elizabeth J. Shea C 



COOK COUNTY No. 5 

Location: 2400 North Harlem Avenue, Elmivood Park 

Registration: 8524 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2307 

Personnel : 



Joseph J. Charleston M 
William H. Dahlgren M 
Thomas V. Neil M 
William J. Norten M 
Daniel E. Peterson M 
R. H. Ubbelohde M 
Harry G. Hershenson GA 
Sim Thaxter McCray GA 
Joseph L. O'Brien GA 
Dr. Jack B. Deutsch XP 
Dr. C. E. Frybarger XP 
Dr. John A. Guerrieri XP 
Dr. James J. Leach XP 
Dr. George W. Moxon XP 
Dr. James A. Moxon XP 
Dr. P. W. Purcell XP 
Dr. Mario Simonelli XP 
Dr. Kenneth Weiler XP 



Dr. R. G. Kindelsperger XD 
Michael Korosy RC 
Irving R. Berg AB 
S. Edward Bloom AB 
Theodore C. Klotz AB 
Alvin J. Kvistad AB 
Albert Lavine AB 
Charles Libby AB 
Kris J. Myrdal AB 
Daniel E. Peterson AB 
Chester A. Reardon A 15 
Donald D. Rogers AB 
Walter Fred Sass AB 
Adolph J. Doeing C 
Lillian Marzullo C 
Elaine S. Niekamp ( ' 
Eleanor Sorensen C 



(Continued) 



333 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



COOK COUNTY No. 6 

Location: 7520 Madison Street, Forest Park 

Registration : 6076 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1619 

Personnel : 

Morton E. Anderson M 

Charles S. Brophy M 

W. B. Carroll M 

Herbert Allen Edwards M 

August A. Frymark M 

Henry M. Lebovitz M 

Arthur F. Seegers M 

Frank D. Sweeney M 

David J. A. Hayes GA 

Lloyd W. Lehman GA 

Dr. George J. Baumgartner XP 

Dr. J. Blumenstock XP 

Dr. Lucius Cole XP 

Dr. William B. Knox XP 

Dr. Albert G. McNeil XP 

Dr. Thomas I. Motter XP 

Dr. R. C. Oldfield XP 

Dr. Robert F. Sharer XP 

Dr. Joseph C. Sodaro XP 



Dr. Stanley A. Danhauer 
Dr. A. F.Mayer XD 
John P. Conmy RC 
Emil F. Roehlke RC 
Harvey L. Cavender AB 
Carl F. Faust AB 
Orville W.Lee AB 
Lloyd W. Lehman AB 
William L. Murray AB 
Howard B. Robinson AB 
Frank J. Smith AB 
Joseph W. Townsend AB 
Donald L. Vetter AB 
George E. Woods 
Nicholas Barron C 
Mary C. Hess C 
Lucille Lienhardt C 
Louise Nelson C 
Marie B. Norton C 



XD 



COOK COUNTY No. 7 

Location: 2515 St. Charles Road, Bellwood 

Registration : 6259 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1862 

Personnel : 

Mack W. Balzer M 

Peter Joseph Burr M 

Thomas W. Downey M 

LeRoy A. Brown M 

Charles E. Dougherty M 

William W. Haverly M 

Elmer F.Pflug M 

Edgar P. Romilly M 

Louis Peirce Smith M 

Ira E. Garman GA 

Mark E. Hattenhauer GA 

George Sass GA 

Dr. Edmund G. Brust XP 

Dr. Martin Wilson Green XP 

Dr. Jerry R. Hora XP 

Kenneth T. Hubbard XP 

Dr. Arthur E. Joslyn, Jr. XP 

Dr. A. Everett Joslyn XP 

Dr. Harold J. Tosney XP 

Dr. 11. A. Stasinski XD 



Albert J. Bayles RC 
Henry Miron RC 
Joseph W. Albright AB 
John A. Anderson AB 
Joseph I. Bulger AB 
P. W. Brust AB 
Edward G. Dickman AB 
Guy E. Guerine AB 
Marjorie Guerine AB 
R. N. Nelson AB 
Wesley Potts AB 
Thomas G. Sheahan AB 
Robert Wigglesworth All 
Lester D. Wilcox \ B 
NoelB. Wysong AB 
Ruth E. Kehring C 
Gladys F. Kupper C 
Louis P. Smith C 
Alma B. Solberg C 
Ma.x A.Wisner I 

(Continued) 



334 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



COOK COUNTY No. 8 

Location: Town Hall, LaGrange 

Registration : 6265 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1451 

Personnel : 

Frank W. Ault M 
Herman H. Drewes M 
George F. Hime M 
Lyman M. Mather M 
George W. Miller M 
Sidney G. Salvesen M 
John D. Wilson M 
Frederick A. Gariepy GA 
Dr. E. S. Baxter XP 
Dr. Edson W. Carr XP 
Dr.J.W. Carr XP 
Dr. James C. Clarke XP 
Dr. Robert W. Edwards XP 
Dr. D. J. Freriks XP 
Dr. J. A. Gardiner XP 
Dr. Edward L. Gillman XP 
Dr. H. T. Haverstock XP 
Dr. Charles F. Hubner XP 
Dr. Thomas C. McDougal XP 
Dr. J. G. Millas XP 
Dr. Ralph W. Nauman XP 
Dr. H. E. Ackerman XD 



Dr. Earl D. Emery XD 
Dr. Donald C. Lemon XD 
Dr. W. M. Lemon XD 
Dr. H. S. MacWithey XD 
Dr. Frank B. Olson XD 
Dr. J. C. Treat XD 
F. D. Cossitt RC 
William P. Mitchell RC 
Bernard Albert O'Reilly RC 
Fred J. Ashley AB 
Edward S. Cody AB 
Roy H. Ekberg AB 
Edward J. Farrell AB 
Henry G. Ferncase AB 
W. Stancliff Fuller AB 
Edward F. O'Toole AB 
Raymond S. Schultz AB 
Elmer F. Scott AB 
Randolph Thornton AB 
Robert C. Van Kampen AB 
Palmer C. Graves C 
Milladene Warnock C 



COOK COUNTY No. 9 

Location: 5635 South Archer Avenue, Summit 

Registration : 6430 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2001 

Personnel : 

Ralph Beebe M 

Gordon Burk M 

Martin Ferentchak M 

George A. Soviesk M 

Mathias J. Viebrock M 

Frank A. Brodnicki GA 

Anthony A. DeGrazia GA 

Augustine J. Bowe GA 

Dr. R. H. Allison XP 

Dr. Thomas J. Benton XP 

Dr. Joseph Lieberstein XP 

Dr. Sidney L. Mann XP 



Dr. Paul W. Rush XP 
Dr. S. R. Krupka XD 
Dr. B. S. Lyznicki XD 
Dr. C. A. Lyznicki XD 
Charles J. Bulow RC 
R. J. O'Leary RC 
Louis R. Gentili AB 
Richard P. Lambert, Jr. 
James J. Mejda AB 
Frieda C. Drews C 
Lillian C. Durka C 
Lillian C. Lyznicki C 



AB 



(Continued) 



335 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

COOK COUNTY No. 10 

Location: Greer Hall, Orland Park 

Registration : 5769 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1502 

Personnel: 

A1J. Graf M 

Stewart M. Loebe M 

Walter R. Schussler, Jr. M 

Ralph J. Stellwagen M 

Charles H. Wolf M 

Alderman Dystrup GA 

Dr. Roberi H. Carraichael XP 

Dr. Earl W. Cauldwell XP 

Dr. E. J. Chesrow XP 

Dr. Anthony J. Giacobe XP 

Dr. H. E. Henke XP 

Dr. Samuel Sheldon Leavitt XP 

Dr. Paul G. Pomeroy XP 



Dr. John P. Po^ka XV 
Dr. J. V. Sanovic XP 
Dr. S. A. Lemke XD 
Albert E. Clifton RC 
Gilbert J. Helbig RC 
Francis A. Harper AB 
Robert McClov All 
Judd H. Matthews AB 
Paul R. Schreiber AB 
Nancy B. Knight C 
Pearl A. Otto C 
Mildred A. Shroats C 
Margaret E. Sullivan C 



COOK COUNTY No. 11 
Location: Post Office Building, Harvey- 
Registration : 6363 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1761 
Personnel: 

Walter E. Deichen M 

Fred F. Geiss M 

Lawrence P. Holm M 

Walter Nagell M 

Charles J. Wilson M 

Fred H. Bartlit GA 

Dr. E. A. Harris XP 

Dr. M. C. Higgins XP 

Dr. L. W. Hughes XD 

Frank Cunningham RC 

Martin Forry RC 

Frank E. Foster RC 

Anthony Altier AB 

Bernard L. Beck AB 

Edwin L. Bennett AB 



Herbert C. Berggren Mi 
William F. Donahue A 15 
Burton Evans AB 
Mitchell Kotefl AB 
Harry A. Lambert AB 
J. Dudley Lockrem AB 
Edwin A. McGowan AB 
Henry Piel AB 
Benjamin J. Sachs AB 
Neil E. VanderVeen AB 
Wesley D. Wiseman AB 
John E. Yates AB 
Esther V. Dennis C 
Claude W. Gallett C 
Rose A. Tocco C 



(Continued) 



:m 



COOK COUNTY-^Continued 



COOK COUNTY No. 12 

Location: 3439 Ridge Road, Lansing 

Registration : 5776 

Men furnished to armed forces : 1617 

Personnel: 

Herman J. Anders M 

Edward Madderom M 

Ray H. Meeboer M 

Arthur Mullins M 

Kerwood L. Snyder M 

Robert J. Burdett ■ GA 

Foster A. Parker GA 

Dr. Rudolph D'Elia XP 

Dr. Cyril M. Gallati XP 

Dr. Anton Stockl XP 

Dr. J. L. Van Drunen XP 

Dr. M. R. Weidner, Jr., XP 

Dr. P. A. Beolens XD 



Dr. John Verkaik XD 
Arthur V. Goebel RC 
Jack E.Walker RC 
J. R. Barse AB 
Frank P. Cowing AB 
Nicholas J. DeYoung \I'» 
Arthur E. Dillner AB 
William Jacobs AB 
Orman I. Lewis AB 
John J. Pacyga AB 
Ira J. Thomas C 
Katherine Vroom C 



COOK COUNTY No. 13 

Location: 2610 Flossmoor Road, Flossmoor 

Registration: 2969 

Men furnished to armed forces: 736 

Personnel: 

P. W. Goodson M 

H. Roy Gordon M 

Percy K. Groves M 

Charles J. Huston M 

Deatlef W. Jurgensen M 

Harry Karstens M 

Nobel Stibolt M 

Walter E. Wiles GA 

Dr. P. R. Blodgett XP 



Dr. W. L. Schmeckebier XD 
Earl D. Conant RC 
H. G. Portz RC 
H. L. Beck AB 
Wendell Philo Gilbert AB 
Leslie E. Salter AB 
Louise M. Huth C 
Frances M. Raak C 



COOK COUNTY No. 14 

Location: Post Office, Blue Island 
Registration: 7084 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2051 
Personnel : 

Harvey 0. Antilla M 
EmilJ. Blat M 
William Schimmel M 
Walter H. Sevfarth M 
Ralph B. Sullivan M 
Edmund D. Adcock GA 
William H. Townsend GA 
Dr. Charles G. Davies XP 
Dr. Frank H. Lally XP 
Dr. L.C.Holt XD 
Stephen Hoag RC 
Robert L. Huffman RC 



Earle B. James RC 
William Aitchison AB 
Walter F. Briody AB 
Henry Buhring AB 
Robert H. Gilson AB 
PaulT. Klenk AB 
Roy Massena AB 
Frank M. Ozinga AB 
Mildred D. A. Flassig ( 
Walter J. Gaboriault C 
Ethel M.Tyler C 



(Continued) 



337 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



COOK COUNTY No. 15 

Location: 11 Quincy Road, Riverside 

Registration : 5584 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1420 

Personnel: 



M 



Anthony J. Hudec M 
Joseph A. McLoughlin 
Edward J. Quinn M 
Maurice T. Reilly M 
Frank P. Schreiber M 
Frank J. Wood M 
Homer C. Dawson GA 
Lawrence C. Mills GA 
Michael J. Thuma GA 
Dr. G. A. Barnett XP 
Dr. Marcellin J. Chiasson 
Dr. William Davies XP 
Dr. J. Merle Denker XP 
Dr. Edward F. Dombrowski 
Dr. John D. McCarthy XP 
Dr. Paul G. Peterson XP 
Dr. Phillip L. Peterson XP 



XP 



XP 



Dr. B. F. Howery XD 
Dr. B.R.Jones XD 
Dr. Frank A. Trager XD 
Phil C. Huntley RC 
Roderick N. Wyckoff RC 
Francis J. Benda AB 
John M. Beverly AB 
Osgood H. Dowell AB 
Ross 0. Hinkle AB 
James J. Kelly AB 
Joseph B. Lofton AB 
W. H. Shanner AB 
Rose L. Bolsness C 
Dorothy M. Daily C 
Ray L. Gustafson C 
Irene A. Soske C 
Willie C. Zimmerman C 



BERWYN CITY No. 1 

Location: 1605 South Oak Park Avenue, Berwrn 

Registration: 5719 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1761 

Personnel : 



Edward J. Benes M 
Paul I. Coler M 
Arthur C. Krase M 
Fred Powell Page M 
Edward P. Skubic M 
William J. Soske M 
Wesley W. Howe GA 
Albert Peterson GA 
Dr. Charles B. Foucek XP 
Dr. Caryl C. Mclntyre XP 
Dr. Bernard Mantell XP 
Dr. Matthew Piatt XP 
Dr. Kamil Schulhof XP 
Dr. Benjamin F. Ward XP 
Dr.J.J. Hudik XD 
Dr. Laddie J. Kulhanek XD 
Dr. Robert B. Luehring XD 
Dr. Charles D. Ness XD 
H. Edward Almberg RC 
James R. Sedlacek RC 



Paul H. Whittenberg RC 
William E. Anderle AB 
StanleyS. Day AB 
John H. Ehardt AB 
Frank C. Jaburek AB 
Otto A. Jaburek AB 
Joseph J. Jaros AB 
Robert Jerrick AB 
Harry A. Kerins AB 
Edward J. Lesak AB 
Frank J. Mancl AB 
Laddie T. Pelnar AB 
Frank R. Sennot AB 
John G. Sevcik AB 
Arthur N. Thyfault AB 
Loretta E. Doleshek C 
Rosalind C. Foley C 
Adolph F. Matejek C 
Madeline E. Nieman C 



(Continued) 



338 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



BERWYN CITY No. 2 

Location : 6830 Windsor Avenue, Bertvyn 

Registration: 7340 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1972 

Personnel: 

Robert J. Bangert M 

Paul I. Coler M 

Edmund J. Krump M 

Joseph Page M 

George J. Petru M 

Harry A. Richards M 

Charles J. Sutka M 

John R. Heath GA 

William Kriz GA 

Frank H. Madden GA 

Dr. J. F. Bruianek XP 

Dr. J. J. Giardina XP 

Dr. Morris J. Hoffman XP 

Dr. Joseph F. VanCura XD 

Martin G. Glass RC 



Frank A. Rozhon RC 
Rudolph Basta AB 
Lester G. Burkhardt AB 
S. Ashley Guthrie AB 
James J. Hajek AB 
Sidney K. Jackson AB 
Raymond Kriz AB 
William J. Kris AB 
Harry Leviton AB 
David R. Mandell AB 
Joseph E. Serhant AB 
William Buchanan C 
Melba L. Jambor C 
Irene A. Tabor C 
Ellen Woodrich C 



CALUMET CITY No. 1 

Location: 716 Wentworth Avenue, Calumet 

Registration: 4132 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1533 

Personnel: 

Harry Bloomberg M 

Francis 0. Case M 

William J. Flynn M 

John J. Jaranosky M 

Aaron A. Leedy M 

John J. McKenna M 

Frank H. Malak M 

John A. Murray M 

George S. Rider M 

Charles Smith M 

Charles J. Vesolowski M 

Martin H. Finneran GA 

Dr. Marshall Bascomb XP 

Dr. J. Diamondstein XP 

Dr. Irving Feinsot XP 

Dr. Andrew Nady XP 

Dr. Samuel Browe XD 



City 



Dr. J. C. Mankowski XD 
Stanley Edward Bejger RC 
Frank C. Keller RC 
Oliver J. Chambers AB 
Don Finneran AB 
James Kelly AB 
James H. Leonard AB 
John E. Pavlik AB 
Roman E. Posanski AB 
John J. Wallace AB 
Edna S. Barber C 
Dona L. Clark C 
Hazel C. Davis C 
Ethel M. LaVigne C 
Adeline W. Marcinski C 
Dorothy A. Ziminski C 



(Continued) 



339 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 1 

Location : 35 South Dearborn Street 

Registration: 5912 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1052 

Personnel: 

Charles A. Bacon M 
James C. Boudreau M 
Thomas V. Casey M 
Jack Hogarty M 
Harold T. Huber M 
William E. Keith M 
Jules J. Lipp M 
Gordon Quinn M 
William M. Wilson M 
Cyril W. Armstrong GA 
Daniel J. McMahon Jr. GA 
Charles F. Rathbun GA 
John J. Rodgers GA 
Dr. Fred E. Ball XP 
Dr. C. R. Benner XP 
Dr. Thomas B. Dondus XP 
Dr. Vincent B. Bowler XP 
Dr. Charles P. Eck XP 



Dr. M. E. Engerman XP 
Dr. Charles M. Fox XP 
Dr. V. S. Frankenstein XP 
Dr. Walter H. Hawkins XP 
Dr. Fred M. Miller XP 
Dr. C. H. Resnick XP 
Dr. Anthony Santoro XP 
Dr. Arnold Schimberg XP 
Dr. Irving Siegel XP 
Dr. J. A. Brodsky XD 
Dr. I. S. Cohen XD 
Dr. A. E. McKnight XD 
Dr. John A. Poronsky XD 
Dr. Burton W. Zuley XD 
George J. Barry RC 
Frank Martin C 
Marguerite M. Warringer C 
Marguerite Schenden C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 2 
Location: 3104 South Michigan Avenue 
Registration: 5924 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1737 
Personnel : 

James T. Copper M 

William H. Haynes M 

James Lorick M 

Matheus L. Porter M 

Robert H. Miller M 

Robert L. Stepto M 

Obed E. Vanderburg M 

Genoa S. Washington M 

Albert N. Powell GA 

Dr. Thomas C. Browning XP 

Dr. Jacob M. Epstein XP 



Dr. Lorenz B. Lapsky XP 

Dr. George A. Webster XP 

Dr. G. E.Behn XD 

Dr. R. F. Edwards XD 

Dr. Emory S. Gray XD 

Dr. Simmons C. Hamilton XD 

Dr. James H. Walker XD 

Fred D. Slater RC 

Louise Hatch C 

Ethel Holbert C 

Evelyn S. Williams C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 3 
Location : 3858 South Parkway- 
Registration: 5881 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1899 
Personnel: 

M. C. Atkins M 
Thomas M. Clarke M 
Ralph Ferguson M 
Claude W. B. Holman M 
Edward Irvin M 
Clifton E. Jones M 
Earl B. Dickerson M 
Richard A. Harewood GA 
Dr. Benjamin H. Counts XP 



Dr. Clifford Doyle XP 
Dr. Barney Goldberg XP 
Dr. T. C. Raines XP 
Dr. G. W. Fields XD 
Joseph E. Clavton RC 
Ella Jane Dent C 
Lurlean Griffin C 
A It lira Mae Robinson C 



(Continued) 



340 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 4 

Location: 4619 South Parkway 
Registration: 6622 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2225 
Personnel : 

Leslie D. Abernathy M 
Clark Buster M 
Hyman B. Mills M 
Eleson Murphy M 
Hugh L. Schell M 
George C. Adams GA 
Benjamin H. Crockett GA 
Dr. Abel C. Anthony XP 
Dr. James Appleman XP 
Dr. Paul P. Boswell XP 
Dr. Henry N. Cress XP 



Dr. Wallace S. Grant XP 

Dr. Ellsworth E. Hasbrouck XP 

Dr. Laynard L. Holloman XP 

Dr. Chauncey L. Morton XP 

Dr. Fred G. Trapp XP 

Dr. M. R. Hebert XD 

Kenneth G. Blewett RC 

Wilber A. Clarke RC 

Ruth D. Griffin C 

Tommie W. Hoggatt C 

Ellis E. Reid C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 5 

Location : 5120 South Parkway- 
Registration: 7095 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2341 
Personnel : 

William James Davis M 
Gregory 0. Grady M 
Robert E. Harrison M 
Cyril M. Rapier M 
Milas S. Stephens M 
Eugene M. Jones GA 
Patrick B. Prescott, Jr. GA 
Dr. J. Edmond Bryant XP 
Dr. Herman Corren XP 
Dr. Thomas S. Green XP 
Dr. Nicholas H. Kern XP 
Dr. George T. Kersey XP 
Dr. Garfield B. Moore XP 



Dr. Joseph Moses Moore XP 
Dr. I. Rosen XP 
Dr. Hvman J. Schorr XP 
Dr. Elliott C. Small XD 
Horace R. Cayton RC 
Deweitt Davenport Hector RC 
George McCray RC 
Laurence Val Young RC 
Carl W. Cotton C 
Yvonne M. Galbreth C 
Melissa D. Murdock C 
Nathal G. Rogers C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 6 

Location : 1104 East 47th Street 

Registration : 6507 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1881 

Personnel: 

M 



Winton I. Brown 
Paul Caspers M 
S. Friedman M 
Mervin G. Michaelis 
Edwin J. Quinn M 
George J. Wabol M 
Charles P. Schwartz 
Dr. Arrie Bamberger 
Dr. Mandel Cohen XP 
Dr. Clarence T. Plaut XP 



M 



G\ 
XP 



Dr. W. R. Schick XP 
Dr. Leonard H. Becker XD 
Dr. William A. Luety XD 
Wilfrid F. LaPoint RC 
Leo A. Parker RC 
John K. Segrave RC 
Magdalene Kees C 
Lois O. Thompson C 
Martha C. Zohn C 



(Continued) 



341 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 7 

Location: 417 East 47th Street 

Registration: 7896 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2577 

Personnel: 

Sydney P. Brown M 
Max Goldberg M 
Robert S. Harrison M 
Lloyd M. Landeker M 
Thomas B. Mayo M 
Allen D. Holloway GA 
Royal W. Irwin GA 
Dr. Norman G. Adamson XP 
Dr. James M. Allison XP 
Dr. J. Henry Fitzbutler XP 
Dr. William M. Jones XP 
Dr. Joseph R. Mitchell XP 



Dr. L. B. Morrison XP 
Dr. George W. Prince XP 
Dr. W. J. Walker XD 
Louis Etshokin RC 
Samuel J. Evans RC 
Edwin Goldsmith RC 
Harry I. Hoffman RC 
James W. Washington RC 
Claude Jack C 
Beatrice Smith C 
Helen E. Watkins C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 8 
Location : 5603 South State Street 
Registration: 8243 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2619 
Personnel : 

Douglas D. Clark M 

Rubynn M. English M 

Dr. A. L. Lucas M 

George H. McCree M 

Curtis Stillwell M 

T. L. Welch M 

John A. Yeatman, Sr. M 

William K. Hooks GA 

Carroll N. Langston GA 

Dr. Arthur C. Albright XP 

Dr. Ed. W. Beasley XP 



Dr. H. F. Bouver XP 
Dr. W. D. Cook XP 
Dr. A. L. Lucas XP 
Dr. T.M.Smith XP 
Dr. Harold W. Thatch.-. 
Dr. James J. Yarber XD 
Elma H. Davis C 
Cathalyn J. Hatch C 
Lillian F. Hunt C 
Avis R. Payne C 
Gertrude Thompson C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 9 

Location: 1233 East 55th Street 

Registration : 671 1 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2023 

Personnel: 

Charles Abrams M 
Richard I. Cole M 
Dr. J. W. Eichelberger M 
Daniel Jerome Fisher M 
Dr. HalE. Howland M 
John A. Leith M 
Carl E. Lindstrom M 
Sherman M. Strong M 
Nathan S. Blumberg G \ 
George W. Swain G \ 
Dr. E. Lawrence Adams XP 
Dr. Zachary A. Blier XP 



Dr. Robert H. Lawrence XP 
Dr. M. L. Mendel XP 
Dr. Emanuel Newman \P 
Dr. H. E. Randell XP 
Dr. Milton L. Brann XD 
Dr. Mortimer W. Xeimark XD 
Fay-Coper Cole RC 
( lharles Himmel RC 
Redondo E. NewhaU RC 
Rose Mary Gonzales C 
Frances M. Maloney C 
Marcia B. Perquette C 



(Continued) 



342 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 10 

Location: 6236 South Cottage Grove Avenue 

Registration: 7724 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2528 

Personnel: 



Ray A. Ferguson M 
Charles W. Hyber M 
Cornelius J. Kelleher 



M 



Roy H. Liddicott 
Enoch V. Linden 
Walter A. Praxl 
H.J.Blake GA 
Arthur W. Pettit 



M 
M 

M 

GA 



Dr. H. Hugh Bequesse XP 



Dr. Clarence E. Jamison XP 
Dr. D. E. Ricardo XP 
Dr. Murray W. Sims XP 
Dr. Harry Aaron Tyllas XP 
Dr. Wilbur Spencer XD 
John E. Devereux RC 
Helen L. Enochs C 
Harry W. Kohlmann C 
Doris M. Wilhelm C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 11 

Location: 6850 South Stony Island Avenue 

Registration: 6712 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1543 

Personnel: 

Thomas E. Corcoran M 

Edward Kemp M 

Harry B. Melvoin M 

Frank W. Moran M 

John F. O'Brien M 

Thomas J. Cavanagh GA 

J. Warren McCaffrey GA 

Dr. Benjamin R. Bluitt XP 

Dr. Lewis A. Hare XP 

Dr. F. H. Renberg XP 

Dr. Selig A. Shevin XP 



Dr. Samuel Stein XP 
Dr. Matthew Taubenhaus 
Dr. Norman Zolla XP 
Dr. SolFindel XD 
Dr. William Gilruth XD 
Homer L. Davenport RC 
Arthur N. Glatt RC 
Conception Alvarez C 
Irene T. Hurley C 
John L. Stone C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 12 

Location: 1809 East 71st Street 

Registration: 6823 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1605 

Personnel: 

W. Ray Cosbey M 
C. Eugene Dillon M 
Harry Ford M 
Joseph G. Gorman M 
Murray B. Karman M 
Herbert Kettler M 
Roy N. Lesch M 
Edward C. Craig GA 
William E. Corrigan GA 
William J. O'Brien, Jr. GA 
Dr. Bernard L. Cohen XP 
Dr. Arthur H. Rosenblum XP 
Dr. F. B. Schutzbank XP 
Dr. C. J. Scofield XP 



Dr. Eugene A. Solow XP 
Dr. S. J. Sullivan XP 
Dr. L. M. Wallheiser XP 
Dr. Rudolph P. Zaletel XP 
Dr. Chester Blakely CD 
Dr. C. Duane Cory XD 
Dr. Bernard D. Glaser XD 
Herbert Barnhard RC 
David A. Brown RC 
Glenn G. Balcom C 
Rose Holzman C 
Alva Hubacheck C 
Ruth N. Juster C 



(Continued) 



343 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 13 

Location: 7917 South Exchange Avenue 

Registration : 7975 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2695 

Personnel: 

Lewis C. Coyner M 

Raymond L. Keegan M 

George J. Morgan M 

Laurence A. Petit M 

Anthony L. Rich M 

George A Rooney M 

Frank Rydzewski M 

Harry Lawrence GA 

Dr. Harry Crystal XP 

Dr. M. E. Finsky XP 

Dr. William K. Herman XP 

Dr. Ernest 0. Larson XP 

Dr. Joseph E. Lepke XP 



Dr. Paul J. Patchen XP 
Dr. Louis H. Turek XP 
Dr. Harrv L. Aronson XD 
Dr. Joseph S. Clark XD 
Dr. A.J. Raffle XD 
Dr. William Stasiewicz XI) 
Claude V. Holmes RC 
John B. Sweeney RC 
Peter M. Bridges RC 
Violet C. Murray C 
Benjamin S. Watts C 
Hattye Withal! C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 14 
Location: 231 East 79th Street 
Registration : 7460 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2100 
Personnel : 

Edward F. Barnicle M 

Earl Cates M 

Leland C. Cates M 

Thomas J. Conway M 

James M. Cull M 

Sidney H. Geist M 

Edward J. King M 

Bert W. Watton M 

Adolph E. Wellman M 

George J. Miller GA 

Thomas F. Reilly GA 

Dr. Edmund F. Bennett XP 

I »i. Clarence S. Duner XP 

Dr. Herbert B. Erikson XP 

Dr. Arthur H. Fisher XP 



Dr. C. H. Johnson XP 
Dr.T. F. Maher XP 
Dr. CM. Mann XP 
Dr. H. E. Mehmert XP 
Dr. Shavle Miller XP 
Dr. Anthony E. Polito XP 
Dr. Albert O. Stephenson XP 
Dr. A. V. Sherman XD 
Louis M. Hecker RC 
Robert S. Welch RC 
Eleanor J. Casey C 
Minnie R. Considine C 
Roseleen M. Dwan C 
Elaine June ^\ icklund C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 15 

Location : 738 East 83rd Street 

Registration : 6231 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1558 

Personnel: 

Joseph P. Brodie M 

Orville Cost M 

Frank H. Cull M 

\bel A. DeHaan M 

Edward Schneider M 

Henry C. Thiel M 

Joseph C. Tufo M 

Vbel J. DrHaan GA 

George W. Sullivan < ^ \ 

Dr. Thomas F. Doyle XP 



Dr. Hugh Fox XP 

Dr. W illiam Murray XP 

Dr. H. Marchmont Robinson XP 

Dr. Fred Lauter XD 

Dr. R. G. Pinkerton \l> 

Frank A. Reker RC 

Harry J. Smith RC 

Francis Emmons I 

Virginia Griffith C 

RuthN.WesI I 

(Continued) 



344 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 16 

Location: 11145 Michigan Avenue 

Registration: 6322 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1773 

Personnel: 

Roy L. Anderson M 

Carl E. Carlson M 

James W. Crane M 

John R. Davis M 

Frank C. Heitman M 

Harry L. Hull M 

John A. Kahoun M 

Leslie E. Roberts M 

Alfred J. Teninga M 

George R. Hillstrom GA 

Dr. Vaughn A. Avakian XP 

Dr. Louis H. Bos XP 

Dr. A. L. Karabin XP 



Dr. Alfred E. Lukasik XP 
Dr. Stewart J. McCormick XP 
Dr.J. M. Pape XP 
Dr. John Soukup XP 
Dr. Edward F. Studer XP 
Dr. Louis H. Sasso XD 
Dr. Will Stone XD 
Victor A. Beckman RC 
Charles P. Gallagher RC 
John A. Strom RC 
Minnie Considine C 
Frank Weber C 
Ruth M. West C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 17 
Location: 7 East 119th Street 
Registration: 6929 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2193 
Personnel : 

Henry A. Blouin M 

Ralph DeCook M 

Elmer E. Helstrom M 

Charles A. Humphreys M 

J. Louis Roberts M 

Howard 0. Shedd M 

Arthur D. Townsend M 

Robert F. Bradburn GA 

Frank C. Leviton GA 



Dr. Harry H. Beil XP 
Dr. J.A. Kollar XP 
Dr. Robert Reich XP 
Dr. E. L. Winiecke XD 
Michael A. Dolinyak RC 
Bert A. Hoogland RC 
James J. Salchert C 
Catherine E. Sampson C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 18 
Location : 3026 East 92nd Street 
Registration: 7834 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2797 
Personnel : 

Max Buzik M 

Ben H. Hazlett M 

George R. Hedges M 

Joseph Higgins M 

Frank Edward Ross, Sr. M 

Hal Wagner M 

Rudolph L. Johnson GA 

Dr. Anthony G. Cesare XP 

Dr. F. D. Garcia XP 

Dr. James Graybeal XP 



Dr. S. V. Haraburda XP 
Dr. Jacques I. Hootnick XP 
Dr. Stanley J. Mintek XP 
Dr. Bernard L. Pachynski XP 
Dr. H. E. L. Timm XP 
Dr. H. J. Urbanowicz XD 
Vincent L. Knaus RC 
Dorothy D. Brown C 
Helene S. Mathew C 
Bernice M. W. Urbaniak C 



(Continued ) 



345 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 19 
Location: 2911 South Archer Avenue 
Registration: 5977 
Men furnished to armed forces : 2363 
Personnel : 

Stephen M. Bailey M 

Stanley J. Evans M 

J. Courtney Fitzpatrick M 

Francis L. Kennedy M 

Ray J. Wolff M 

Thomas J. Sheehan GA 

Dr. O. W. Rest XP 



Dr. William S. Sadler XP 
Dr. Joseph J. Valko XP 
Dr. Chester J. Radloff XD 
Patrick J. McCarthy RC 
William A. Benedix C 
Rita C. Farrell C 
Rosemary McNichols C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 20 

Location: 3556 Archer Avenue 

Registration: 6886 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2876 

Personnel : 

James J. Appelt M 

Leo J. Dapser M 

Charles Fasan M 

Florian Pirofalo M 

Edward G. Scheidt M 

Thomas A. Shanahan M 

Earl G. Bingham GA 

Harry 0. Rosenberg GA 

Dr. Edmond T. Bartkowiak XP 



Dr. David V. Effron XP 
Dr. L. J. Isaacs XP 
Dr. Edward A. Bartkowiak 
William J. Raymond RC 
Irwin R. Stuchel RC 
Ethel M. Akerman C 
Gertrude M. Ott C 
Patricia D. Reynolds C 



XD 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 21 
Location: 2517 West 69th Street 
Registration: 5882 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2054 
Personnel : 

Melville Cowan M 

Robert A. Dalzell M 

Virgil Danielson M 

Walter L. Nye M 

Peter W. Yasus M 

Crescent P. O'Connor GA 

Dr. Herman Mackoff XP 



Dr. R. J. Thoma XP 

Dr. Emil Joseph Coglianese XD 

Dr. Joseph Kella XD 

Herman Bollinger RC 

John J. Sheehan RC 

Verna G. Carey C 

Nellie Smale C 

(Continued) 



346 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 22 

Location: 5649 West 63rd Street 

Registration : 6384 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2123 

Personnel : 

Claude E. Beckley M 
John J. Duginski M 
Herman Gustav Haaker M 
Joseph McPhee M 
John VanderWagen, Sr. M 
William A. Canavan GA 
Dr. Paul K. Anthony XP 
Dr. Samuel J. Bolonik XP 
Dr. Fausto Ciulini XP 
Dr. W. M. Eisin XP 
Dr. Harry Grant XP 
Dr. S. C. Kehl XP 



Dr. William J. Reilly 
Dr. Walter J. Balbat 
Dr. George Casserly 
Dr. H. Katz XD 
Dr. W. V. Raczynski 
Alfred D. Seltin RC 
Titus E. Quist RC 
Charles J. Smith RC 
James M. Burke C 
F. Carlson C 
Alice E. Kalenda C 



XP 
XD 
XD 

XD 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 23 

Location: 1301 West 51st Street 

Registration: 4923 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2201 

Personnel: 

John W. Comise M 

Ernfrid R. Jacobson M 

Joseph Kaminski M 

Raymond R. Notter M 

Frank J. Peterson M 

Robert G. Youngren M 

Elmer N. Holmgren GA 

Dr. Maurice Kahn XP 

Dr. Moreno Y. Levy XP 



Dr. Edwin J. Lukaszewski 
Dr. T. S. Pierzynski XP 
Dr. M. M. Forb XD 
Dr. Walter B. Szok XD 
Richard R. Kowaleski RC 
John Harry Patka RC 
Mary E. Deegan C 
Mary C. Lamb C 
Thomas J. Murphy C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 24 
Location : 2512 West 51st Street 
Registration: 5431 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1798 
Personnel : 

Ben F. Bohac M 

Joseph Hemzacek M 

Frank J. Kosan M 

Dr. William G. Lexa M 

Dr. Anton J. Pok M 

Joseph J. Teclaw M 

Karl K. Wilcox M 

Mitchell S. Kilanowski GA 

Dr. Morris P. Orloff XP 

Dr. Joseph M. Ruda XT 



Dr. Frank C. Sternes XP 
Dr. John A. Sukev XP 
Dr. William J. Vopata XP 
Dr. Peter Werner XP 
Paul P. Dolenak RC 
Frank G. Matavosky RC 
Anna Borovicka C 
Charles J. Engemann C 
Helen M. Kenney C 



(Continued) 



347 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 25 

Location: 1607 West 51st Street 

Registration : 5432 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2230 

Personnel: 

Joseph C. Biederman M 

Joseph L. Dluski M 

Theodore B. Jansey M 

Charles F. Kozlowski M 

Otto J. Raz M 

John Schwaba M 

Mitchell Bernick GA 

Dr. S. H. Ash XP 

Dr. R. C. Dalka XP 

Dr. Otto Kasik XP 

Dr. R. C. Leyers XP 

Dr. Vernon V. Schick XP 



Dr. Arthur Stenn XP 
Dr. Eli Stenn XP 
Dr. Fred Stenn XP 
Dr. Mathias Hoffman XD 
Dr. S. A. Rozanski XD 
Dr. E. Szczepanski XD 
James L. Cihak RC 
Mary C. Collins C 
Helen Jaronski C 
Harry W. Kohlmann C 
Joseph C. Salak C 
Madelaine R. Williams C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 26 
Location : 6344 South Racine Avenue 
Registration: 6031 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2042 
Personnel : 

Donald L. Evans M 

John J. Flynn M 

Robert Oehmig M 

Lawrence F. Quirk M 

William C. Uhlhorn M 

Harry L. Viezens M 

John E. Devereux GA 

Raymond H. Murnane GA 

Dr. Julius Adler XP 

Dr. F. A. Berry XP 

Dr. Morris Greenberg XP 



Dr. Irving M. Harter XP 
Dr. Joseph A. Harter XP 
Dr. Milan M. Wasick XP 
Dr. Joseph T. McCarthy XD 
Carl A. Aimer RC 
Amos Ray Barnes RC 
William H. Freier RC 
Catherine M. Barry C 
Charlotte M. Hickey C 
Mary A. Morgan C 
Edward J. Tynan C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 27 

Location: 6243 South Ashland Avenue 

Registration : 6809 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2270 

Personnel:* 

W. Ray Adams M 
Frank W. Bigeck M 
Edgar F. Bradford M 
Oren Oliver Campbell M 
Wendell K. Holmes M 
Robert R. Houghton M 
Frank H. Keteham M 
Ralph O. Winkenwerder GA 
Dr. Ary J. Arlon XP 
Dr. Eugene Field Carey XP 
Dr. Henry Christiansen XP 
Dr. Frank G. Douglass XP 
Dr. William L. Gregg XP 



Dr. Myrven A. Lane XP 
Dr. John K. McQiiarrie XP 
Dr. Frank J. Norton XP 
Dr. Charles S. Salmon XP 
Dr. Fred M. Sheehan XP 
Dr. R. L. VanDellen XP 
Dr. James VanEpps XP 
Dr. J. W. Seaborg XD 
Eugene \. Humphrey RC 
John J. Jovce RC 
R. (;. Follick C 
Betty M. Grieshaber C 
Lauretta E. Krugmann C 



(Continued) 



348 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 28 

Location: 221 West 63rd Street 
Registration : 6886 
Men furnished to armed forces : 2260 
Personnel : 

Edwin J. Campbell M 

Alex R. Eunson M 

Loren B. Fry M 

Allen C. Johnson M 

Harold D. Osier M 

James Peacock M 

Charles J. Quinlan M 

Edward F. Slattery M 

Peter Zabello M 

H. Clay Calhoun, Jr. GA 

Charles B. Elder GA 

Milford H. Olds GA 

Dr. Nathaniel I. Baskind XP 

Dr. Ian H.Bond XP 

Dr. C. M. Hausman XP 

Dr. C. A. Hospers XP 

Dr. Thomas G. Jones XP 

Dr. Joseph J. Kagann XP 



Dr. A. C. King XP 
Dr. Jean Henry Motier XP 
Dr. Carleton S. Myers XP 
Dr. Eugene O'Neill XP 
Dr. J. A. Patka XP 
Dr. C. H. Piper XP 
Dr. Maurice Reilly XP 
Dr. Richard B. Stoop XP 
Dr. Frank A. Farrell XD 
Dr. Kenneth Sharpe XD 
Dr. E. C. Warfield XD 
Dr. Otto Windheim XD 
Henry C. Calhoun RC 
Russel R. Davies RC 
Joseph V. Crandall C 
Anna Marie DeVaney C 
Teresa Moroney C 
Mary Ellyn Sheehan C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 29 

Location : 235 West 75th Street 

Registration: 7020 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2124 

Personnel : 

Theodore M. Becker M 
John DeNormandie M 
Oscar Henry Knoebel M 
Arthur F. Long M 
George F. Mundt M 
Dr. Wallace H. Rozell M 
Joseph E. Wolf M 
George W. Hansen GA 
M.K. Hobbs GA 
Dr. Charles K. Barnes XP 
Dr. H. A. Fitzmaurice XP 
Dr. John L. Meyer XP 



Dr. Joseph T. Meyer XP 
Dr. W. G. Rahn XP 
Dr. Charles I. Sack XP 
Dr. Albert G. Weiss XP 
Dr. James C. Black XD 
Victor C. Burton RC 
William J. Main RC 
George F. Mundt RC 
Lester R. Schroeder RC 
Marie A. Houle C 
Joseph McGovern C 



(Continued) 



349 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 30 
Location: 1538 West 69th Street 
Registration: 6415 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2140 
Personnel : 

Robert Esplin M 

William M. George M 

Charles T. Keating M 

RoyO. Kester M 

Frank Kristufek M 

William A. Lauer M 

Frank C. Lemke M 

James A. McMahon M 

James E. McNamara M 

Henry L. Zaf t M 

William Nealon GA 

James Thorpe GA 



Dr. E.H.Blair XP 
Dr. Benjamin J. Gregory 
Dr. Frank C. Lawlor M 
Dr. Herbert Schmidt M 
Dr. James M. Wall XP 
Dr. Donald S. McVicar 
Harold Fax RC 
Earl B. Fox RC 
John J. Hartmann RC 
Genevieve M. Dunleavy 
R. E. Gilmartin C 
Evelyn M. Maddox C 



\I 



XD 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 31 

Location : 7924 South Ashland Avenue 

Registration : 6559 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1983 

Personnel: 

Albert C. Boehm M 

Arthur E. Canty M 

David A. Ford M 

Daniel Joseph Hayes M 

Michael J. Healy M 

Paul Hobscheid M 

Walter J. Hunter M 

Raymond Milord M 

John F. Murphy M 

Joseph A. Riley M 

John A. Scott M 

Sam Smith M 

Peter J. Hower GA 

Albert J. Jennings GA 

Dr. Glenn A. Burckart XP 



Dr. Rocco J. Fazio XP 

Dr. S. L. Governale XP 

Dr. Edward Louis Jansen XP 

Dr. John H. Keehan XP 

Dr. James Donald Madden XP 

Dr. Edward M. Murphy XP 

Dr. Henry H. Newman XP 

Dr. John J. LaDuca XD 

Dr. A. A. Schubert XD 

Noland Howell RC 

Ralph C. Kresge RC 

Thomas E. McLaughlin RC 

Edward T. Gillard C 

Hugh T. McGrath C 

Elsie C. Miller C 



(Continued) 



350 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 32 
Location: 9003Y2 South Ashland Avenue 
Registration: 8719 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2193 
Personnel : 

Paul E. Anderson M 

Fred Busbey M 

Paul G. Carlson M 

Frank H. Cenfield M 

Thomas C. Donovan M 

Henry A. Gano M 

Ralph W. Gruenwald M 

John B. McDonald M 

Daniel J. Lamont GA 

John A. O'Neil GA 

Dr. Edgar 0. Breakstone XP 

Dr. Eugene F. Lutterbeck XP 



Dr. I. E. Makar XP 
Dr. Silas S. Snider XP 
Dr. Leonard G. Vatter XP 
Dr. James W. McGough XD 
Frank T. Farwell RC 
Edward M. McClelland RC 
Roger Tuttle RC 
Mary C. Collins C 
Jean A. Devereaux C 
Dorothy M. R. Marks C 
Vilma B. Shaffer C 
John C. Wyatt C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 33 
Location: 1443 West 103rd Street 
Registration: 8927 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2622 
Personnel : 

Raymond Dundon M 

Reuben A. Borsch M 

Gary Gale Grant M 

J. Meyer Holland M 

Oke L. Pearson M 

Joseph A. Ricker M 

Herb St. Germain M 

Charles J. Schipplock M 

James E. Shirey M 

Fred J. McManus GA 



Herman L. Taylor GA 
Dr. James E. O'Malley XP 
Dr. P. B. Christensen XD 
Dr. Richard H. Valentine XD 
John C. Hennessy RC 
Frank C. VanEtten RC 
Majorie Christiansen C 
John L. Devitt C 
Elsie A. Douglass C 
Myrtle E. Gruenwald C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 34 

Location: 914 South Loomis Street 

Registration : 6044 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2400 

Personnel : 

Daniel G. Avallone M 
George Carbough M 
Domenick Cece M 
Domenick DeBartola M 
Paul DeLeonardis M 
Ralph J. Salerno M 
Thomas A. Hamilton GA 
James J. Yacullo GA 
Dr. Hallard Beard XP 
Dr. Myron C. Benford XP 
Dr. Seymour Brown XP 
Dr. George Byfield XP 
Dr. Roland R. Cross, Jr. XP 
Dr. Fernando deLeon XP 
Dr. Frank DiCosola XP 
Dr. Carl Ireneus, Jr. XP 
Dr. Joseph H. Kiefer XP 



Dr. William P. Kleitsch XP 
Dr. Vito R. Lucatorto XP 
Dr. Max Montgomery XP 
Dr. Eugene A. Riccio XP 
Dr. Harry A. Salzman XP 
Dr. James V. Tito XP 
Dr. Harold V. Wadsworth XP 
Dr. William H. Wright XP 
Dr. William Yacullo XP 
Dr. Joseph N. Albino XD 
Dr. William J. Serritella XD 
Frank A. Mentone RC 
Rosario D. Salerno RC 
Donna Marie Bagnole C 
Lucille P. Certa C 
Katherine M. Cesare C 
Susan Massey C 

(Continued) 



351 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 35 

Location: 1801 South Ashland Avenue 

Registration : 51 77 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1966 

Personnel: 

Frank A. Cada M 

Walter Gulczynski M 

Robert Heyduk M 

Leo Niedzwiecki M 

John A. Stanek M 

James L. Kostka GA 

Dr. Charles A. Albrecht XP 

Dr. Charles C. O'Bryne XP 



Dr. Leonard H. Weisskopf 
Dr. Stephen Gorny XD 
Dr. Albert D. Persons XD 
Nathaniel A. Lubejko RC 
John J. Yarus RC 
Alyce Blundell C 
Marie M. Jawor C 
Mary Minkus C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 36 

Location: 2306 South Kedzie Avenue 

Registration : 6524 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2279 

Personnel: 

Sidney J. Keclik M 

Edward Kohout M 

Rudolph G. Kriz M 

Carl M. Melberg M 

Robert S. Melichar M 

George A. Bosomburg GA 

Walter True GA 

Dr. John B. Allen XP 

Dr. W. F. Briney XP 

Dr. Ferdinand E. Dostal XP 

Dr. Emanuel R. Dvorak XP 

Dr. Edward C. Jana XP 



Dr. Joseph H. Just XP 
Dr. John H. Luczak XP 
Dr. Frank Maurer XP 
Dr. Israel Walzer XP 
Dr. Benjamin A. Weinberg 
Dr. Fred N. Bazola XD 
George H. Martinec RC 
Joseph F. Polak RC 
Bernard Bohn C 
Irene Monaco C 
Elsie E. Ramsay C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 37 

Location: 3959 West Ogden Avenue 

Registration : 6886 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2101 

Personnel: 

John A. Cervenka, Jr. M 

Joseph J. Ferber M 

Henry A. Herhold M 

Jacob I. Jeffe M 

C. F. Lewerenz M 

James S. Vales M 

Thomas Vopatek M 

Joseph Z. Uhlir GA 

Dr. B. H. Lerner XP 

Dr. Melvin Newman XP 



Dr. J. Jaffe XP 
Dr. Andrew J. Toman XP 
Dr. F. C. Winskunas XP 
Dr. Frank A. Machek \l> 
Dr. John L. Mashek XD 
Edward Goldberg RC 
Lillian Duda C 
Julie Feldman C 
Josephine Kostal C 



(Continued ) 



352 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 38 

Location: 3159 West Roosevelt Road 

Registration: 4886 

Men furnished to armed forces : 1 703 

Personnel: 

Sam N. Berman M 

George J. Goodman M 

William J. Klibanow M 

Charles E. Nelson M 

Joseph Redman M 

Eugene Bernstein GA 

Dr. H. X. Rubin XP 

Dr. Arthur Samuels XP 

Dr. William Schecter XP 



Dr. Max J. Lieberman XD 
Dr. Harry Rubens XD 
Maurice Cohn RC 
Nicholas L. Gallo RC 
Arthur K. Oldin RC 
Julius Cohn C 
Norma M. Plotnick C 
Esther R. Schultz C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 39 

Location: 2124 West Van Buren Street 

Registration: 5189 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2012 

Personnel: 

Thaddeus V. Adesko M 

Gilbert J. Brett M 

George A. Dustin M 

George H. Fisher M 

Joseph H. Kruger M 

Leo Landsman M 

Charles H. Weicensang M 



Charles Clinton Wilson M 
Frank Arlt GA 
Dr. Blaine L. Ramsay XP 
Dr. H. R. Schwartz XP 
Hortensia I. Chorvat C 
Eleanor F. Getrambone C 
Lillian Kaminsky C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 40 
Location: 1122 Milwaukee Avenue 
Registration : 4851 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1958 
Personnel : 

John J. Hodor M 

Frank J. Mytnik M 

Edward C. Schott M 

Joseph M. Skokna M 

George E. Weber M 

Alexander J. Pikiel GA 

Dr. Stanley C. Kucharski XP 



Dr. Harry Noskin XP 
Dr. W. C. Sutcher XD 
George Gillmeister RC 
Bernice Bladzik C 
John S. Koslowski C 
Eleanor F. Stankiewicz C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 41 

Location: 2350 West Madison Street 

Registration : 7357 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2531 

Personnel: 

Nicholas J. Corrado M 

Jesse W. Johnson M 

George C. McCarthy M 

Arthur L. Macomber M 

William Miller M 

Harold E. Murphy M 



Harold J. Andelman GA 
Lee S. Landon GA 
Dr. D. T. Chechile XP 
Dr. E. R. Downing XP 
Dr. Michael W. Giannini XP 
Dr. A. Charles Huber XP 



(Continued) 



353 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Board No. 41]— Continued 



Dr. Harry N. Petrakos XP 
Dr. Edward I. Peyser XP 
Dr. M. H. Turek XP 
Dr. Samuel L. Goldberg XD 
Dr. James C. Govostis XD 
Dr. W.E.Kelly XD 



Robert E. Smice RC 
William E. Knapp C 
Sylvia K. Miller C 
Marie Sezon C 
Prudence Stenge C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 42 

Location: 3352 West Lake Street 

Registration : 5446 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2154 

Personnel: 

Harry L. Jansen M 

Harry Magee M 

David Olshan M 

John A. Pamphilon M 

Louis Rago M 

Jacob Rustman M 

Henry E. Sasso GA 

Dr. John B. Bellucci XP 

Dr. H. C. Coblens XP 



Dr. Maurice N. Knopp XP 
Dr. Joseph G. Arden XD 
Dr. S. M. Rakow XD 
N. Jacovelli RC 
John J. Kennedy RC 
Jeanette Anderson C 
Fred W. Baumgartner C 
Dorothy Sachs C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 43 

Location: 7 South Pulaski Road 

Registration: 5635 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2162 

Personnel: 

Dominick M. Alberti M 
Raymond A. Corris M 
Fred J. Holdsworth M 
Thomas H. McCauley M 
Vincent F. J. Schimanek M 
Robert Stack M 
Henry M. Tufo M 
Theodore T. Cowgill GA 
Robert E. Crowe GA 
Dr. Max M. Jacobson XP 
Dr. Michael J. Parenti XP 



Dr. Eugene Joseph Sodaro XP 

Dr. Gerald M. Stazio XP 

Dr. Vito A. Taglia XP 

Dr. S. A. Vainisi XP 

Dr. Thomas G. Walsh XP 

Dr. Carl J. Medda XD 

Dr. William T. Wojahn XD 

Gerald M. O'Connor RC 

Sol Westerfeld RC 

Catherine A. Cujava C 

Margareta G. Romaine C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 44 

Location: 108 North Pulaski Road 
Registration : 6540 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2150 
Personnel : 

Marvin W. Adams M 

Frank G. Carney M 

Edward G. Gilbertson M 

John H. Hagerty M 

Walter V. Hart M 

James T. McNulty M 

Robert C. Schoessling M 

Samuel M. Come GA 

Dr. Dan R. McLean XP 

Dr. Joseph F. O'Malley XP 



Dr. Orest J. Parrillo XP 
Dr. E. H. Rategan XP 
Dr. Irving Treiger XP 
Dr. Harold H. Epstein XD 
Dr. Emanuel Schachter XD 
Charles Mimmack RC 
James W. Sheridan RC 
Elizabeth Ann Conley C 
Thomas L. Long C 
Dorothea Schiniaiu'k C 



(Continued) 



354 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 45 

Location: 4752 Washington Boulevard 

Registration: 6410 

Men furnished to armed forces : 1905 

Personnel: 

John P. Bennett M 

Thomas J. Gibbons M 

Joseph W. Kelly M 

Clyde R. Magnesen M 

Helmer C. Patterson M 

Frank J. Rogers M 

Harold A. Thompson M 

Lewis L. Root GA 

Dr. Samuel Berger XP 

Dr. Allison L. Burdick XP 



Dr. William R. Gubbins 
Dr. Joseph A. Josh XD 
Dr. Leon LaFond XD 
William Murphy RC 
Robert C. Novak RC 
Marianne Dooley Byrne 
Agnes Healy C 
Theresa M. Keenor C 
Rose A. LaRock C 
Edward M. Monahan C 



XD 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 46 

Location: 1140 North Kedzie Avenue 

Registration : 6638 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2244 

Personnel: 

LeRoy Anderson M 

Victor E. Karlsen M 

Samuel Laderman M 

Merton H. Leeman M 

Walter C. Schmidt M 

Julius Wekony M 

Clement A. Dernbach GA 

Dr. B. L. Coniglio XP 

Dr. T. C. Jachimowski XP 

Dr. Leslie H. Reimers XP 



Dr. John R. Romano XP 
Dr. Joseph L. Soldinger XP 
Dr. Anton Palmer Limbardo 
Eugene S. Karlsen RC 
Eustach Trittermann RC 
Adele Anderson C 
Lenora S. Loyselle C 
Matthew Peyton C 
Lorraine M. Wesolowski C 



XD 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 47 
Location: 1937 Milwaukee Avenue 
Registration: 7026 
Men furnished to armed forces : 2734 
Personnel : 

James L. Bottoms M 

Samuel E. Klafter M 

Joseph Z. Mendrella M 

Frederick B. Resag M 

John F. Rosen GA 

Dr. Julius A. Gurvey XP 

Dr. J. N. Helgo XP 



Dr. Adolph J. Jarosz XP 
Dr. C. P. Janicki XD 
Dr. J. A. Wojtalewicz XD 
Larry Atkinson C 
Julia H. Evans C 
Edna J. Ireland C 
Hazel M. Terreberry C 



(Continued) 



355 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 48 

Location : 2740 North Kedzie Avenue 

Registration: 5921 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1984 

Personnel: 

John J. Boland M 

Andrew J. Cress M 

Irwin Marcus M 

Rudolph P. Sanders M 

David 0. Sark M 

Charles F. Fritz GA 

Dr. Reuben Bard XP 

Dr. Charles Goldberg XP 

Dr. L. E. Lundgoot XP 

Dr. Earl M. Lustgarten XP 



Dr. T. S. Proud XP 
Dr. A. M. Stober XP 
Dr. B. P. Davidson XD 
Dr. Walter Goldsmith XD 
William M. Hicks RC 
Ray Schlessling RC 
Lillian M. Edelson C 
Clare L. Lang C 
Gladys A. Olsen C 
Anne Seiton C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 49 
Location: 3035 West Fullerton Avenue 
Registration: 6618 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1904 
Personnel : 

J. H. Burns M 

Joseph E. Hind M 

Frank Pawlowski M 

Irwin C. Rinn M 

Abe Weinberg M 

Matthew J. Cullen GA 

Dr. Ralph Baylin XP 

Dr. William DeBoer XP 

Dr. S. M. Goldberger XP 

Dr. Harry Kraut XP 



Dr. Francis J. Krueger XP 
Dr. Maurice Miller XP 
Dr. Hiram Septow XP 
Dr. Ewald Weber XP 
Dr. J. A. McCallum XD 
Walter C. Ganey RC 
Joseph Maloney RC 
Emaline A. Hunter C 
Mary A. LaVelle Rosenberg 
Elsie Sunter C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 50 

Location: 5157 West Diver sey Boulevard 

Registration : 6760 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2083 

Personnel: 

John K. Edmunds M 

Nels Gilbo M 

Fred C. Leusch M 

John C. Moraczewski M 

William S. Stevens M 

Edward J. Thompson M 

Edwin J. Nergard GA 

Geary V. Stibgen GA 

Dr. Sidney Brown XP 



Dr. W. J. Mencarow XP 
Dr. M. P. Neri XP 
Dr. L. Willard Shabat XP 
Dr. Joseph F. Sokolowski XP 
Dr. Joseph J. Strzyz XP 
Dr. J. F. O'Connor XD 
Darling J. Karl C 
William R. Peters C 
Lillian A. Pierson C 



(Continued) 



356 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 51 

Location: 2922 North Pulaski Road 

Registration : 6163 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1758 

Personnel: 

Andrew Christophersen M 
Edward B. Collender M 
Feliks Mackowiak M 
Irving Felkoff M 
W. J. Roberts M 
Allan K. Wattman M 
Chester Woolman M 
George A. Hawley GA 
Dr. W. E. Block XP 



Dr. Frank E. Doyle XP 
Dr. Edward A. Grabar XP 
Dr. Theodore L. Lescher XP 
Dr. William Sweeney XP 
Mae W. Kerwin C 
Martha I. Sanger C 
Mrs. Dorothy M. Steele C 
Shirley Swanson C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 52 

Location : 5556 West North Avenue 

Registration : 6700 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2036 

Personnel : 

William C. Haack M 
Lester Jankowski M 
Edmund W. Jaworski M 
Edmund H. Simonsen M 
Harry A. Taif M 
Leo Bartoline GA 
Dr. Ira Edward Greenburg XP 
Dr. Merle R. Hadden XP 
Dr. Otto G. Kuchynka XP 
Dr. Fred A. Paradise XP 



Dr. Steven 0. Schwartz XP 
Dr. E. M. Gramke XD 
Dr. Herman J. Roe XD 
Dr. Eugene W. Szwajkart 
Otis E. Bergeson RC 
John Benedek RC 
Loretto M. Bernero C 
Mildred M. LaFaver C 
Eleanor Grange C 
Herman Mueller C 



XD 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 53 

Location: 5247 West North Avenue 

Registration: 7372 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2418 

Personnel: 

Elmer F. Gysin M 
George F. Lundberg M 
William J. Mannion M 
Lawrence E. Monahan M 
Joseph V. O'Neil M 
Richard D. Prendergast M 
Walter H. Prescott M 
Joseph F. Schwieger M 
Elmer E. Challenger GA 



William L. Morgan GA 
Dr. Edward Berg XP 
Dr. John R. Lend XP 
Dr. Joseph B. Arneson XD 
Ronald J. Kennedy RC 
John E. O'Neill RC 
Mary J. Angelski C 
Freda M. Coggburn C 
Susan R. Murray C 



(Continued) 



357 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 54 

Location : 5200 Chicago Avenue 
Registration : 6348 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1778 
Personnel : 

William E. Anderson M 
Frank R. Campbell M 
Harlan Richards M 
Emil Schwerdtman M 
Francis D. Scully M 
Walter J. Boland GA 
James B. McKeon GA 
Dr. Frank A. Anderson XP 
Dr. John J. Cronin XP 
Dr. Hugo T. Cutrera XP 
Dr. Fred L. Glenn XP 
Dr. Kyle C. Hawkins XP 
Dr. William F. McManus XP 



Dr. Carl M. Pohl XP 
Dr. Milton Charles Schell 
Dr. Carl F. Waters XP 
Dr. Joseph S. Cislak XD 
Robert George Fitchie RC 
Ernest A. Koehn RC 
William H. McManus RC 
Charles A. Paesch RC 
Edward N. Fitzgerald C 
Hope L. Lindquist C 
Mary B. Norton C 
Virginia A. Olson C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 55 
Location: 360 North Laramie Avenue 
Registration: 5963 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1732 
Personnel : 

Bernard R. Garner M 

Harry J. Janson M 

Dr. Irwin G. Jirka M 

Lawrence E. McGann M 

William Schiepan M 

Edmund M. Sinnott M 

Hobart H. Sommers M 

George W. Lyon GA 

Dr. John F. Brennan XP 

Dr. Leonard S. Ceaser XP 



Dr. Aaron Fagelson XP 
Dr. Jacob Paskind XP 
Dr. Andrew Robel XP 
Dr. C. H. Stentz XD 
Joseph Epstein RC 
Clem G. Shoup RC 
Marguerite B. Goldberg C 
William James McMullen C 
Anne M. Neville C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 56 

Location: 6350*/% West Belmont Avenue 
Registration: 8166 
Men furnished to armed forces : 2552 
Personnel : 

Hildren L. Carney M 

George C. Ember M 

Edgar O. Ingalls M 

Jack Lebrecht M 

Oscar M. Lund M 

Andrew Pettinger M 

George I. Simpson M 

Clarence E. Threedy M 

William H. Chadwick GA 

Joseph G. Smietanka GA 

Dr. Morris Feldman XP 



Dr. Ray M. Fouts XP 
Dr. William P. Jonas XP 
Dr. Edward P. King XP 
Dr. Peter M. Nielsen XP 
Dr. I. Allen Sklar XP 
John H. Klunder RC 
Ethel M. Biegler C 
Mateo S. Game C 
Constance King C 
Gertrude Kiley C 



(Continued) 



358 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 57 

Location: 5310 West Irving Park Road 

Registration: 6828 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1970 

Personnel: 

Charles E. Donath M' 

Harold LaPlant M 

William H. Nickels M 

Joseph C. Niec M 

John A. Nordstrand M 

Bernard E. Reinert M 

Orville F. Yetter M 

Leon C. Nyka GA 

Dr. Hubert Eckwall XP 

Dr. A. H. Hallman XP 

Dr. Arthur F. McAuley XP 



Dr. C. F. Pollowy XP 
Dr. Stanley F. Przygocki XP 
Dr. L. S. Sluzynski XP 
Dr. Bert G. Fratzke XD 
Dr. Alfred F. McKenzie XD 
F. Phil Garbark RC 
James D. Marnane RC 
Murline Kathryn Kvanman C 
Edward R. Lucas C 
Evelyn Anna Maline C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 58 

Location: 4409 West Lawrence Avenue 

Registration : 6070 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1676 

Personnel: 

Bernard J. Elfman M 

William L. Jonhson M 

C. Ralph Jones M 

Harry H. Schraeder M 

Milton W. Servos M 

Zeamore A. Ader GA 

Samuel Heller GA 

Ewart Harris GA 

Oscar C. Miller GA 

Dr. Charles T. Kessler XP 



Dr. Edmund E. Kietzer XP 
Dr. Arthur Lehner XP 
Dr. Dominic T. Mastrianni XP 
Dr. Alex Bendersky XD 
Dr. Royal Dunkelberg XD 
William M. Gavagan RC 
A. C. Rochow RC 
Lester S. Phillips C 
Deborah Siegal C 
Alice Sundburg C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 59 

Location : 4384 Elston Avenue 

Registration: 5846 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1730 

Personnel: 

Sven W. Carlson M 

Arthur Jensen M 

Harry R. McNamera M 

William S. Miller M 

Paul H. Mueller M 

George A. Rohde M 

Donald A. Bissell GA 

Cecil Emery GA 

Dr. H. R. Amberson XP 

Dr. Paul Mandel Egel XP 

Dr. M. J. Fox XP 

Dr. Edward J. Schowalter XP 



Dr. Raymond G. Sippel XP 
Dr. Frank J. Smejkal XP 
Dr. Charles W. Stigman XP 
Dr. A. I. Druckaroff XD 
Dr. Nicholas M. Simmon XD 
Leonard A. Borgeson RC 
Charles F. Kerbs RC 
Sidney A. Weber RC 
James R. Gunther C 
Rita E. Lundin C 
Irene F. May C 
Wilma M. Sell C 



(Continued) 



359 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 60 
Location: 3304 West Lawrence Avenue 
Registration : 5304 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1543 
Personnel : 

Thomas A. Alperin M 

Louis J. Daniels M 

Henry S. David M 

Glenn F. Hewitt M 

James E. Inskeep M 

Stephen A. Gross GA 

Albert A. Gomberg GA 

Dr. Edward Aron XP 

Dr. John R. Ballinger XP 

Dr. Israel Fond XP 



Dr. Harry George Leon XP 
Dr. M. Edward Ushkow XP 
Dr. Maurice Ditkowsky XD 
Dr. L. S. Schlocker XD 
Dr. Ralph R. Wishneff XD 
Samuel R. Perwancher RC 
Louis Tanenbaum RC 
Germaine R. Fischer C 
Dorothy S. Leeb C 
Morris Palman C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 61 
Location : 4609 North Kedzie Avenue 
Registration: 5393 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1678 
Personnel : 

Sam M. Arting M 

Joseph Bonnefoi M 

George W. Busch M 

Orville E. Clifford M 

Carl Ivan Ekstrom M 

Samuel H. Martin M 

Gustave F. Rutschmann M 

Joseph L. Theisen M 

George E. Fink GA 



Alexander Kaplan GA 
Dr. Jacob E. Blitstein XP 
Dr. Alfred J. Goldyne XP 
Dr. Morris Snyder XP 
Dr. S. Z Cole XD 
Mary E. Burke C 
Thea Joyce Hunter C 
Chester A. Schultz C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 62 
Location: 6733 North Olmstead Avenue 
Registration : 4691 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1364 
Personnel : 

Frank Z. Beard M 

Gerald J. Flynn M 

Frank M. Hartigan M 

Edward G. Klotz M 

James E. Krum M 

Theodore J. Lefeber 

Thomas J. McGovern 

Fletcher Newell M 

Frank W. Pekar M 

Bernard J. Schneider 

Philp J. Weimer M 

Thomas H. Slusser GA 



M 
M 



M 



Oswell G. Treadway GA 

Dr. William E. Beckmann XT 

Dr. K. 0. English XP 

Dr. Edward C. Meyer XP 

Dr. F. K. Xavier XP 

Dr. Walter F. Zurawski XP 

Dr. Samuel C. Bromberg XD 

Tom C. Pemberton RC 

Wilbur M. Small RC 

Ellen B. Eriekson C 

Mian H. Lewis C 

Clara E. Muchowski C 



(Continued ) 



360 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 63 
Location: 4926 Milwaukee Avenue 
Registration : 7394 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2148 
Personnel : 

Harry Bell M 

Thomas P. Braid M 

James R. Bryant M 

Lawrence J. Fenlon M 

George Woods M 

George F. Doyle GA 

Dr. Edward V. Boarini XP 

Dr. Irving L. Breakstone XP 



Dr. Francis A. Cirrincione 
Dr. Louis F. Kotler XP 
Dr. Willard A. Levin XD 
Dr. William Lowy XD 
R. C. Merritt RC 
J. R. Brett C 
Mrs. Elizabeth M. Raber C 
Alice Sundborg C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 64 

Location: 510 North Dearborn Street 

Registration: 6131 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2029 

Personnel: 

Carl A. Barrett M 

Forrest C. Beene M 

William J. Cameron M 

Joseph A. Darrow M 

William M. Medbery M 

Mario H. Guidarelli GA 

Downer McCord GA 

Walter H. Moses GA 



Dr. Frank A. Lagorio XP 
Dr. Richard A. Nagle XP 
Dr. Eugene Scheimann XP 
Dr. F. R. Connor XD 
Wade Booth RC 
Leonard Olson RC 
Clarita M. Kreissl C 
Mary K. Murphy C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 65 

Location: 1656 North Mohawk Street 

Registration: 7105 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2352 

Personnel : 

Richard F. Dooley M 
George P. Eichhorst M 
Thomas C. Hardy M 
Roy G. Holmquist M 
Herbert H. Kennedy M 
Arthur E. Maybrun M 
Ralph Rosen M 
Homer V. Johannsen GA 
E. D. McDougal, Jr. GA 
Ralph J. Mohan GA 
George A. Ranney, Jr. GA 
Dr. Paul E. Grabow XP 
Dr. Eugene Grosz XP 



Dr. Samuel Haik XP 
Dr. Emil Jonas XP 
Dr. A. J. Nicosia XP 
Dr. Paul D. San Filippo 
Dr. G. F. Tufo XP 
Dr. I. W. Littman XD 
Dr. Max Wishner XD 
Edward E. Robbins RC 
Ethel M. Biegler C 
Pierce J. Butler C 
Eva D. Shields C 
Frances E. Toussaint C 



XP 



(Continued) 



361 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 66 

Location : 563 Diversey Parkway- 
Registration: 6293 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2036 
Personnel : 

Salem N. Baskin M 
A. J. Clonick M 
Louis J. Ewald M 
William L. Leighly M 
Joseph Waldner M 
Raymond T. Woodville M 
F. Howard Eldridge GA 
Nathan Schwartz GA 
Dr. Lindsay A. Beaton XP 
Dr. Robert N. Crow XP 



Dr. G. L. Kaufmann XP 
Dr. Harold I. Meyer XP 
Dr. Arthur J. Strich XP 
Dr. Ernest E. Harwood XD 
Dr. Julius G. Schmidt XD 
Emery T. Erickson RC 
Jerome A. Gottschalk RC 
Myrtle Bentz C 
Anna A. Hoier C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 67 
Location : 2238 West Roscoe Street 
Registration: 4947 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1480 
Personnel : 

EmilN. Arndt M 

Sam M. Baudouine M 

Oliver W. Cox M 

William J. Eitel M 

Dr. Glen H. Gilbreth M 

Edward J. Maass M 

Dr. Leonard F. Skleba M 

Martin L. Callahan GA 

Jacob Shamberg GA 

Dr. Bernard M. Cohen XP 

Dr. Charles Eiseman XP 



Dr. Eugene Gettelman XP 
Dr. Sol B. Kositcheck XP 
Dr. Paul McDaniel XP 
Dr. Julius Roos XP 
Dr. J. H.Sloan XP 
Dr. E. H. Ibbotson XD 
Dr. J. Raymond Link XD 
Elton A. Gould RC 
Harry A. Starr RC 
John W. Barnes C 
Susan M. Neiss C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 68 

Location : 3354 North Paulina Street 

Registration: 6160 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1880 

Personnel: 

Edward J. Cremerius M 

William E. Gainer M 

Thomas Jakicic M 

Herman C. Klugman M 

Charles W. Lebrun M 

Edward W. Schoenenberger M 

Edward C. Schubel M 

Robert E. Berlet GA 

Seymour J. Frank GA 

Dr. Ernest F. Lidge XP 



Dr. George Noger XP 
Dr. Robert H. Saunders XP 
Dr. H. M. Swenson XP 
Dr. Louis A. Terman XP 
Dr. Merle R. ShafTner XD 
Walter W. Weiss RC 
Shirlev M. Fehn C 
Edna C. Fritz C 
Albert J. Hupfer C 



(Continued) 



362 



COOK COUNTY— Cofifi/wt'fZ 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 69 
Location: 3701 North Halsted Street 
Registration : 6790 
Men furnished to armed forces : 2043 
Personnel : 

Laurent E. Clody M 

Herman Holleb M 

Thomas F. McManus M 

Raymond Mark M 

James A. Morrison M 

Ben Sandack M 

Sam Shure M 

Theodore Zimmerman M 

Emanuel Gordon GA 



Harry N. Pritzker GA 
Richard Weinberger GA 
Dr. Max Sinay XP 
Dr. Jerome J. Weil XP 
Dr. Irving Krain XD 
E. A. Detweiler RC 
Warren E. Buschner C 
Esther H. Ebert C 
Gertrude A. Lock C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 70 

Location: 1000 West Belmont Avenue 

Registration : 5059 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1493 

Personnel: 

Edward K. Gleason M 

Gustave C. Johnson M 

Per Albin Nelson M 

George Paley M 

Dr. Caesar Portes M 

Joshua R. H. Potts M 

F. H. Remien M 

Thomas Carlin GA 

Dr. Edmond Levisohn XP 



Dr. John Pishotta XP 
Dr. Frank Blair XD 
Dr. William Webb XD 
Justus Mozart RC 
Carl A. Swenson RC 
Harry H. Tuveson RC 
Sella R. Maxwell C 
Ada R. McCann C 
Charles E. Smyth C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 71 
Location: 4751 North Washtenaw Avenue 
Registration: 6238 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1736 
Personnel : 

Aubrey Warren Engs M 

Joseph J. Frisa M 

George W. Kind M 

Arthur H. Lageman M 

Cecil A. MacPherson M 

John J. Molloy M 

William Mathiesen GA 

Paul E. Price GA 

Dr. I. Applebaum XP 

Dr. Garland G. Brown XP 



Dr. Bernard V. Chern XP 
Dr. Chester L. Crean XP 
Dr. George R. Leonard XP 
Dr. G. T. Merryman XD 
Dr. Elmer Mertes XD 
John J. Crawford RC 
Walter R. Miller RC 
George S. Terbush RC 
Anna Marie Kley C 
Albert P. Reder C 

(Continued) 



363 



COOK COUNTY —Continue d 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 72 
Location: 5154 North Clark Street 
Registration : 6554 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1839 
Personnel : 

Claude L. Foubare M 

Frank A. Hoff M 

Edward E. Jonathas M 

W. D. Kearfott M 

Robert P. Markus M 

Arthur C. Schweitzer M 

John E. Timm GA 

Dr. Grant V. Athanas XP 

Dr. C. A. Buswell XP 



Dr. David Goldfinger XP 
Dr. Eric Oppenheimer XP 
Dr. Anthony N. Trapp XP 
Dr. Ross Van Pelt XP 
Dr. Walter K. Davis XD 
G. C. Fitch C 
Lucille A. Chalfant C 
Anna M. Keck C 
Ann M. Mentgen C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 73 
Location : 4554 Broadway 
Registration : 4738 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1263 
Personnel : 

Alexander E. Butler M 

Dr. E. Allen Frankel M 

Harry M. Glasser M 

Frank E.Gould M 

John J. Knight M 

Herman M. Mendelsohn M 

James S. Russell M 

J. William Smith M 

I. Roy Ross GA 

Dr. Alexander H. Barnett XP 

Dr.R. E.Dyer XP 

Dr. Charles W. Gorr XP 



Dr. John W. McLaughlin XP 
Dr. Dennis Rupp XP 
Dr. Herbert A. Sacks XP 
Dr. H. Kenneth Scatliff XP 
Dr. Marvin G. Ericson XD 
Dr. Thomas A. Howland XD 
Dr. Bruce L. Stocking XD 
Harold G. Dawes RC 
Mortiz T. Gruener RC 
Wilma Absher C 
Abbie M. Lang C 
Elmer C. Wahlman C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 74 

Location : 4554 Broadway 

Registration : 5992 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1560 

Personnel: 

Samuel Burrows M 

Alfred J. Fredricks M 

James L. Leen M 

John T. Kinsman M 

Thomas F. Moran M 

John E. Naylor M 

John Paul M 

C. E. Wilfong M 

John W. Wilkerson M 

Frederick /. Marx GA 

Charles Edward Newton G \ 



Dr. George Abelio XP 
Dr. A. W. Calvert XP 
Dr. Philip H. Stevens XP 
Dr. Theodore Stein XD 
Dr. Ray S. Cooke XD 
George W. Johnson RC 
William Morrisse RC 
Man J. Butler RC 

Cecelia M. Vogel C 

Valerie Pierman C 
Constance K. Wahlman ( ' 



(Continued) 



36 1 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 75 
Location: 6471 Sheridan Road 
Registration : 7524 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1971 
Personnel : 

James T. Carney M 

Herbert R. Collins M 

Charles Grombacher M 

Louis H. Kahn M 

Robert D. Steele M 

George J. O'Grady GA 

Theodore G. Remer GA 

Dr. E. F. Dehnert XP 

Dr. G. J. Fitzgerald XP 

Dr. Thomas V. O'Brien XP 

Dr. Charles Roth XP 



Dr. Paul C. Vermeren XP 
Dr. Edward J. Berkenstadt 
Dr. G. F. McGregor XD 
Peter Joseph Angsten RC 
Hugh O'Neill, Jr. RC 
Julius B. Rubenstein RC 
Rosetta Malanaphy C 
Ellen Y. Neumann C 
Joseph J. Weiler C 
Genevieve F. Zender C 



XD 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 76 
Location : 6355 North Broadway 
Registration : 641 7 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1763 
Personnel : 

John T. Donahoe M 

Cassius M. Doty M 

Sam Howard M 

S. F. Kogen M 

George A. Lane M 

Elmer W. Roetter M 

Herman C. Schock, Jr. M 

Donovan Y. Erickson GA 

Thomas B. Hart GA 

Alexander J. Moody GA 

Dr. Edmund J. Burke XP 

Dr. John P. Burke XP 

Dr. E. P. Carroll XP 



Dr. Bertram Fitzgerald XP 
Dr. George M. Fitzgerald XP 
Dr. J. Major Greene XP 
Dr. E. W. Mueller XP 
Dr. R. A. Scott XP 
Dr. Henry A. Smith XP 
Dr. Guy L. Wagoner XP 
Dr. Paul H. Wosika XP 
Dr. A. F. Conarty XD 
Harold I. Tevnan RC 
John J. Garrity C 
Leona F. Prince C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 77 

Location: 2356 West Tuohy Avenue 

Registration: 6100 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1369 

Personnel : 

J. E. Buckingham M 
Nicholas J. Budinger M 
Lawrence Jacobson M 
William J. Kehl M 
Albert Rudolph Muehlman M 
Bert H. Zahner M 
James H. Cronin GA 
George F. Mulligan, Jr. GA 
John E. Owens GA 
Dr. Donald H. Atlas XP 
Dr. Howard Champlin XP 
Dr. Aaron Gunther XP 



Dr. Bernard Horwitz XP 
Dr. William F. P. Phillips XP 
Dr. F.A.Smith XP 
Dr. Harold H. Sitron XD 
Dr. Howard L. Werch XD 
Dr. Francis J. Linane XD 
William J. Moynahan RC 
James J. O'Connor RC 
Barbara Jane Baker C 
Lillie M. Carney C 
Frederick L. Pearce C 



(Continued) 



365 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 78 
Location: 2345 West Devon Avenue 
Registration: 4835 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1162 
Personnel : 



M 



M 



Robert E. Agee M 
Joseph F. Bernhard 
Frank J. Farley M 
Walter A. Ganscoe 
Ray D. O'Leary M 
James F. Wade M 
Gerard A. Koch GA 
Michael Koch GA 
Dr. Max P. Boykoff XP 
Dr. S. Sherman Halpern 
Dr. Walter C. Hammond 



XP 
XP 



Dr. Maurice W. Sbertoli XP 

Dr. W. B. Stromberg XP 

Dr. Sigmund Sommerfeld XD 

Dr. Wallace Walter Sommerfeld XD 

Leonard F. Carmody RC 

Leon N. Miller RC 

Samuel J. Winograd RC 

Henry M. Buchler C 

Dorothy F. Dutton C 

Maude C. Garner C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 79 

Location : 5612 North Western Avenue 

Registration: 5787 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1357 

Personnel: 

C.Wylie Allen M 

Harry M. Ehrlich M 

Bert A. Gast M 

Henry A. Habel M 

Henry C. Hitzeman M 

Harold C. Osburn M 

Andrew C. Stayart M 

William H. Haight GA 

J. Lawrence Holleran GA 

Dr. Carl Apple XP 

Dr. Joseph T. Bolotin XP 

Dr. Salamon Boros XP 

Dr. M. R. Broman XP 

Dr. Ralph W. Erickson XP 

Dr. Ernest T. Faigle XP 

Dr. L. Z. Fishman XP 



Dr. John J. Hesser XP 
Dr. William E. Howell XP 
Dr. Leonard A. Kagen XP 
Dr. Benjamin M. Levin XP 
Dr. David S. Levy XP 
Dr. George H. Miller XP 
Dr. M. A. Varzhabedian XP 
Dr. Anders Weigen XP 
Dr. Richard E. Westland XP 
Dr. Joseph A. Norton XD 
Dr. H.F.Weber XD 
Frank H. Kemper RC 
Hugh C. F. Shannon RC 
Cyril V. Brady C 
Dorothy E. Dutton C 
June M. Lindebaum C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 80 

Location: 2319 Wentivorth Avenue 

Registration: 6188 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1599 

Personnel: 

Karl M. Gibbon M 

Albert F. Gilman, Jr. M 

Nat Hirshfield M 

Harold Bennett Ingersoll M 

H. Huddler Moore M 

Gerald H. Moye M 

V. George Pirofalo M 

Joseph R. Salerno M 

William S. McNamara GA 

Karl Edwin Seyfarth GA 



Isidore Vise GAA 

Dr. William B. Campbell XP 

Dr. Samuel J. Fogelson XP 

Dr. A. A. Goldsmith XP 

Dr. Frank L. Hussey XP 

Dr. Willard G.Jeffries XP 

Dr. G. N. Krost XP 

Dr. Joseph M. Leonard XP 

Dr. Victor D. Lespinasse XP 

Dr. Harry 0. Maryan XP 






(Continued) 



366 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Board No. 80]— Continued 



Dr. Harry L. Meyers XP 
Dr. T. P. O'Connor XP 
Dr. Norman G. Parry XP 
Dr. Vincent J. Renzino XP 
Dr. Adolph J. Rosenblate XP 
Dr. Reuben Seid XP 
Dr. Sam Seltzer XP 
Dr. Samuel Sher XP 
Dr. Edgar Weber XP 



Dr. Samuel H. Wiener XP 
Dr. Charles I. Ziman XP 
Dr. M. A. Horwits XD 
Dr. Samuel H. Rosenberg XD 
Richard P. Fredo RC 
Ralph P. Russo RC 
Muriel Bowater C 
Earl A. Rathbun C 
Katherine H. Worley C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 81 
Location : 83 East 35th Street 
Registration : 6969 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1902 
Personnel : 

Walter A. Combs M 

Heber T. Dotson M 

Henry Freeman M 

Nelson T. Long M 

Charles L. Ragsdale M 

Tommie Parker M 

Ben Steward M 

Richard E. Westbrooks GA 



Dr. N. Alfred Diggs XP 
Dr. Roy P. Garrett XP 
Dr. Adolphus N. Gordon, Jr. XP 
Dr. Arthur W. Roberson XP 
Dr. John I. Miles XD 
Florence Davis C 
Alberta F. Greene C 
Valentine H. Murphy C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 82 
Location : 3856 South Parkway- 
Registration : 6331 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2005 
Personnel : 

Michael H. Browning M 

Aaron Ferribee M 

Eugene P. Frierson M 

George H. Hutchison M 

John Harris M 

David B. Hawley M 

Stephen K. Kinnard M 

A. H. Lane M 

W. Ellis Stewart M 



Harry W. Winston M 
William H. Temple GA 
Dr. Philip Joseph DTorio 
Dr. Henry Schorr XP 
Dr. Leon Headen XD 
David Hawley RC 
Annie T. Evans C 
Evelyn H. Shorter C 
Pricilla D. Toney C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 83 
Location: 3856 South Parkway- 
Registration: 6105 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2085 
Personnel: 

Joyce G. Jacobs M 

Horace M. McDougal M 

Stanley B. Norvell M 

Henry H. Proctor M 

Joseph E. Snowden M 

Arthur L. Wise M 

David K. Cochrane GA 

Dr. A. J. Bennett XP 

Dr. K. David Cammack XP 

Dr. Othello R. Ennis XP 

Dr. LewSelig XP 



Dr. Troy Smith XP 
Dr. Henry M. Trammel XP 
Dr. C. Leon Wilson XP 
Dr. Daniel Claiborne XD 
Benjamin B. Church RC 
Horace Jordan RC 
Allen J. Rodgers RC 
Thelma B. Audley C 
Dorothy C. Davis C 
Caroline Webb C 



(Continued) 



367 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 84 

Location : 309 East 47th Street 
Registration: 6487 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2114 
Personnel : 

Oliver A. Clark M 
Hobert E. Evans M 
T. 0. Fentress M 
Beverly L. Scales M 
Earl T.Wilson M 
Alva L. Bates GA 
Dr. Charles Bibb XP 
Dr. Robert L. Douglass XP 
Dr. William F. Lawton XP 
Dr. S.W.Smith XP 



Dr. Herbert Turner XP 
Dr. Henry J. Watson XP 
Dr. William E. White XP 
Dr. T. F. Harmon XD 
Oliver A. Greene RC 
Frank W. Keigher RC 
Louise Hatch C 
Valentine H. Murphy C 
Hazel Stillwell C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 85 

Location: 108 East Garfield Boulevard 
Registration: 7274 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2377 
Personnel : 

William H. Benson M 
Hannibal M. Cox M 
James W. Fisher M 
B. Wayman Holliclay M 
Harry W. Inman M 
Blaine G. Alston GA 
A. M. Burroughs GA 
Dr. J. Allen Grant XP 
Dr. Henry M. Graves XP 
Dr. James M. Hall XP 



Dr. Murray M. Paull XP 
Dr. Pedro Santos XP 
Dr. J. N. Simpson XP 
Dr. Joseph R. Tanner XP 
Dr. H. B. Shepard XD 
Ashby B. Carter RC 
George McCree RC 
Norine E. Dixon C 
Lillian D. Ball C 
Lillian E. Foster C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 86 

Location: 1511 Hyde Park Boulevard 

Registration: 6204 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1666 

Personnel: 

Emmet F. Byrne M 

James Lea Cate M 

Jacob B. Courshon M 

Richard A. Griffin M 

Ralph A. Levin M 

Perry J. Ten Hoor M 

Charles W. Tripp M 

Herbert C. DeYoung ( ', \ 

Robert McDougal, Jr. (- \ 

Charles S. Pratt GA 

Dr. J. S. Abrams XP 

Dr. Alex W. Adelman XP 



Dr. Albert Butterman XP 
Dr. Louis B. Goldman XP 
Dr. Harold Laufman XP 
Dr. Simon Y. Saltman XP 
Dr. George S. Schwerin XP 
Dr. E. F. Kenyon XI) 
Louis J. Cermak RC 
KurtA.Falk RC 
Elmer J. Reider RC 
Emeline Hopkins C 
Anne C. Lorenz C 
Gladys Rankin C 

(Continued) 









368 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 87 

Location: 6156 South Cottage Grove Avenue 

Registration: 6285 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1805 

Personnel: 

Louis I. Arenson M 

Abner Goldenson M 

Theodore M. Holland M 

Samuel H. Levin M 

Harry Remer M 

Henry H. Thormahlen M 

James Williams M 

Arthur C. J. Chittick GA 

Max Frederick Goldberg GA 

C. N. Leach GA 



Dr. J. A. Berry XP 
Dr. R. H. Freeark XP 
Dr. John D. MacKellar XP 
Dr. Lester G. Walton XP 
Dr. G. S. Varounis XD 
Hal C. Bangs, Jr. RC 
Jacob W. Rovner RC 
Charles Borden C 
Martha L. Ford C 
Mary Elizabeth Murphy C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 88 

Location: 5512 Harper Avenue 

Registration: 6045 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1556 

Personnel : 

Pherrell A. DePrad M 
Joseph L. Eisendrath M 



Harry 0. Gillet 
Leo J. Johnston 
Irvin Klein M 
Henry E. Ayers 
Edgar L. George 
George D. Mills 



M 
M 

GA 
GA 
GA 



Dr. Sunoll A. Blumenthal XP 



Dr. George J. D. Gertz XP 
Dr. Joseph A. Hubbell XP 
Dr. Leon Jacobson XP 
Dr. Lawrence J. Quillin XP 
Dr.J.A. Shere XD 
Charles L. Leindecker RC 
Irene Dahlquist C 
Clyde Kingdon C 
Dorothy Kingdon C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 89 
Location: 1133 East 63rd Street 
Registration: 7096 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2159 
Personnel : 

Henry M. Hilton M 

James E. Leitch M 

Henry T. Martin M 

Ira Jesse Morgenthal M 

Nicholas J. Talbot M 

Roy J. Yunker M 

Russell C. Smith GA 

Dr. S. K. Robinson XP 



Dr. James F. Wharton XP 
Dr. J. D. Johnston XD 
Clement T. Lauer RC 
John M. Schmagner RC 
Edward J. Timmons C 
Helen Everling C 
Fannie Nicol C 



(Continued) 



369 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 90 

Location: 2474 East 75th Street 

Registration: 7130 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1677 

Personnel: 

Frank M. Dukes, Jr. M 

Robert Patterson Hastey M 

Max Homan M 

Bernes L. Merrick M 

William H. Powell M 

Frank M. Stanley M 

Earl D. Hostetter GA 

Dr. Helmut Blumenthal XP 

Dr. Andrew J. Brislen XP 

Dr. Herman Joffe XP 

Dr. Ernest C. Olson XP 



Dr. George B. Rosengrant XP 
Dr. Alvin M. Winograd XP 
Dr. Adelbert Wuesteman XP 
Dr. J. R. Carlton XD 
Munro Gerrie RC 
Frederick J. Bryant C 
Minnie C. Marchello C 
Marcia B. Perquette C 
Shirley Petersen C 
Elaine June Wicklund C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 91 

Location: 1547 East 79th Street 

Registration: 5892 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1613 

Personnel: 



George J. Ackerman M 
Jeremiah Joseph McCarthy 
Kieran P. O'Gallagher M 
Charles Z. Meyer M 
Edwin R. Peterson M 
Lester E. Wallace M 
J. Homer Andreas GA 
Leo N. McGlinn GA 
Dr. W. J. Nixon Davis, Sr. 
Dr. Roger T. Farley XP 
Dr. Charles F. Greene XP 
Dr. I. Halperin XP 
Dr. William H. Howard XP 
Dr. Clyde R. Landis XP 
Dr. R. H. McPherron XP 
Dr. Francis D. Malloy XP 
Dr. A. L. Morris XP 



M 



XP 



Dr. John C. Murray XP 
Dr. Louis Novack XP 
Dr. Harold Ovenu XP 
Dr. Robert Rothschild XP 
Dr. George M. Segal XP 
Dr. W. Morley Sherin XP 
Dr. Herbert F. Spierling XP 
Dr. A. J. Sullivan XP 
Dr. Charles S. Van Oosten XP 
Dr. Earl E. Wilcox XP 
Dr. R. E. Black XD 
Dr. J. C. Mackinson XD 
Harold H. Ward RC 
Russell Coulter C 
Ruie A. Flook C 
Esther E. Ormen C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 92 
Location: 10655 South Michigan Avenue 
Registration : 6538 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1959 
Personnel : 

Albert V. Becker M 

Carl L. Goetz M 

Albert J. Isherwood M 

William B. Isherwood M 

.I'M Johnson M 

Frank Navigato M 

Aaron Spong M 

Stephens Van Clay M 



William J. Venning M 
Michael F. Zarek M 
Gotthard A. Dahlberg (. \ 
Dr. Jerome M. Brosnan XP 
Dr. Frank Heda XP 
Dr. lewis H. Lippman XP 
Dr. E. K. McVey XP 
Dr. Max Norman XP 

(Continued) 



:;:<) 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Board No. 92]— Continued 



Dr. Angelo T. Ravasi XP 
Dr. John L. Woodlock XD 
Dr. John S. Boersma RC 
William VanderSteeg RC 



Irene L. Brinkman C 
Ruth E.Karl C 
Edith H. Kuester C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 93 
Location: 9622 Commercial Avenue 
Registration: 5044 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1891 
Personnel : 

Emile N. Chalifoux M 

Frank Krolak M 

Thomas F. McArdle M 

Joseph C. Morris M 

Archie K. Smith M 

Frank Sawa M 

Henry J. Samuel GA 

Dr. Louis A. Draeger XP 

Dr. E. M. Egan XP 



Dr. Samuel S. Frankel XP 
Dr. Patrick H. McNulty XP 
Dr. Robert Schafer XP 
Dr. T. A. Carlos XD 
Edward T. Lynch RC 
William F. Marsh RC 
Alma F. Lionhood C 
Lucille A. Walters C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 94 
Location: 10740 South Torrence Avenue 
Registration: 5981 
Men furnished to armed forces : 2000 
Personnel : 

Frank T. Black M 

Carl G. Buck M 

D. L. Hall M 

Anton Horn M 

Michael M. Muszynski M 

Hans Petersen M 

Frank W. Michalak GA 

Dr. Thomas F. Ahearn XP 

Dr. Nicolas B. Colombo XP 

Dr. John A. Czachorski XP 

Dr. Robert F. Day XP 

Dr. Don S. Harvey XP 



Dr. W. E. G. Johnson XP 
Dr. Otto Koehler XP 
Dr. Frank H. Stevenson XP 
Dr. Paul E. Weimer XP 
Dr. Paul Zander XP 
Dr. Anthony M. Zelazny XP 
Dr. James Sugrue XD 
Clarence J. Bohling RC 
Henry W. Smith RC 
Ewald Ernst C 
Mary C. Peloza C 
Antonia C. Rudzik C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 95 

Location: 610 West 37th Street 

Registration : 6328 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2585 

Personnel: 

John Burke M 
Thomas L. Cook M 
James H. Hennessey M 
A. F. Kennedy M 
Jerry Kastris M 
Martin S. Rochford M 
Robert Q. Shaw M 
Daniel J. Stua M 
John B. Wheeler GA 



Dr. Anthonv J. Bertash XP 
Dr. John McGuiggan XP 
Dr. M. P. Goldman XD 
James Dovle RC 
Edward A. Nihill RC 
Charlotte M. Hickey C 
Ruth M. Lamoureaux C 
Ernst G. Sostheim C 



(Continued) 



371 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 96 
Location: 3205 South Morgan Street 
Registration : 6572 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2642 
Personnel : 

Samuel L. Davis M 

John J. Derdzinski M 

James Gormley M 

Frank B. Joblecki M 

Michael Schoenwald M 

Fred L. Wassmuth M 

Harry Weinberg M 

John M. Falasz GA 

Dr. Alexander A. Backiel XP 



Dr. Myer M. Marbel XP 
Dr. Ben Pierzynski XP 
Dr. A. L. Kropidlowski XD 
Lewis W. Crane RC 
John J. Sharkey RC 
Bernice M. Endemann C 
Anne S. Kostris C 
Rita I. Ostrowski C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 97 

Location: 4440 South Western Avenue 

Registration : 5356 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2189 

Personnel: 

B. R. Pietkiewicz M 

William A. Popell M 

William B. Sebastian M 

Paul M. Smith M 

Frank Wozniak M 

Vincent F. Kozlowski GA 

Stephen A. Wilson GA 



Dr. Thaddeus L. Bradel XP 
Dr. Tadeus Dundulis XP 
Dr. Roy H. Freeman XP 
Dr. L. P. Slakis XD 
Reuben Stiglitz RC 
Joseph Judickas C 
Dorothy A. Mason C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 98 

Location: 4624 South Western Avenue 

Registration: 7338 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2986 

Personnel: 

William Butler M 

Wallace Fredriksen M 

James Haverlock M 

John W. Kaledinskas M 

John Kern M 

Charles F. Leach M 

Stanley J. Mitchell M 

Charles J. Moench M 

Joseph J. Berzin GA 



Dr. Leo M. DePlewski XP 
Dr. Frederick J. Rilev XP 
Dr. Peter Z. Zalatoris XP 
Dr. Paul M. Zilvitis XP 
Dr. Joseph G. Bergman XD 
Dr. L. P. Horevitz XD 
Thomas Clarke Hedden RC 
Cornelia J. Leighton C 
Irene A. Soske C 

(Continued) 



372 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 99 
Location : 6405 South Kedzie Avenue 
Registration: 5145 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1668 
Personnel : 

Brinton 0. Baugher M 

Harold Cleland M 

Robert G. Crane M 

Thomas L. Hasbrouch M 

George M. Hill M 

Arthur E. Johnson M 

Leo J. Rychel M 

Egill Anderson GA 

Joseph J. Grish GA 



Dr. George A. Klein XP 
Dr. F.P. Levan XP 
Dr. Joseph Garofalo XD 
Dr. Joseph W. Jun XD 
Albert J. Howe RC 
Dale A. Medland RC 
Ruby S. Benson C 
Blanche C. Leske C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 100 
Location: 5034 South Archer Avenue 
Registration: 5105 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1823 
Personnel : 

Vincent L. Decker M 

Francis B. Farrell M 

George G. Holme M 

Otto Lange M 

Robert C. Marshall M 

Martin L. Moreland M 

S. Charles Bubacz GA 



Dr. Orion 0. Coppock XP 
Dr. Alexander L. Stearns XP 
Dr. Meyer Pusstelnik XD 
Edmund Robert Guminski RC 
Virgil L. Montgomery RC 
Norman R. Butzow C 
Mary T. Kurtz C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 101 
Location: 5114 Wentworth Avenue 
Registration: 5742 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2237 
Personnel : 

Joseph J. Ezerski M 

Charles A. Gidney M 

Anthony H. Kasper M 

John F. Kenny M 

Joseph A. Kibort M 

Peter L. Chadwick GA 

Dr. Anthonv Montvid XP 

Dr. Victor S. Nares XP 

Dr. Vincent A. Simkus XP 

Dr. Frank J. Wall. Jr. XP 



Dr. Clarence E. Bancherel XD 
Dr. Irwin G. Oaf XD 
Dr. Charles Vincent Zajdzinski 
Edward J. Bradv RC 
Charles F. Detrick RC 
David S. Kerwin RC 
John S. Chase C 
Man- Altierv Mevers C 
Helen E.Pukis C 



XD 



(Continued) 



373 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 102 

Location : 4624 Emerald Avenue 

Registration : 6274 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2396 

Personnel: 

John Patrick Deegan M 

James F. Joyce M 

Raymond A. Naughton M 

John J. O'Hearn M 

Arthur J. Rutshaw M 

Charles E. Scannell M 

Michael J. Gasper M 

S. E. Basinski GA 

Dr. Jacob L. Albright XP 

Dr. J. William Davis XP 

Dr. Frank F. Fiore XP 

Dr. E. A. Galapeaux XP 

Dr. Irving Ginsburg XP 

Dr. Stanley Grudzien XP 

Dr. Harry G. Hardt XP 

Dr. Christian D. Hauch XP 

Dr. T. R. Hinchion XP 

Dr. Maurice M. Hoeltgen XP 

Dr. Percy E. Hopkins XP 

Dr. Mark Karp XP 

Dr. Thomas C. McGonagle XP 



Dr. Evan A. Miller XP 
Dr. Fred H. Muller XP 
Dr. Frank J. Nowak XP 
Dr. Charles W. Olsen XP 
Dr. Paul G. Papsdorf XP 
Dr. R. M. Parker XP 
Dr. Edgar V. Perkins XP 
Dr. Frank M. Phifer XP 
Dr. Andrew D. Schick XP 
Dr. Reinhold C. Schlueter XP 
Dr. John E. Siedlinski XP 
Dr. Leo A. Zelezenski XP 
Dr. Henry J. Mathews XD 
Dr. E. H. Ragan XD 
Albert J. Bugner RC 
Ralph G. Donegan RC 
John T. Houlihan RC 
Marjorie W. Hayes C 
Helen M. Kareiva C 
Thomas E. Sinon C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 103 
Location : 2948 West 59th Street 
Registration : 6881 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2245 
Personnel : 

Rudolph G. Had M 

William Jonas M 

Frank E. Kemp M 

John P. Campbell M 

James Patrick Lynch M 

John S. Reiner M 

Walter W. Rodie M 

William T. Halvorsen GA 

Willis W. Judd GA 

Marx Loehwing GA 

Dr. Joseph A. Gazda XP 



Dr. Mace Gazda XP 

Dr. Anthonv L. Grizzaffi XP 

Dr. Henry C. Lewandowski XP 

Dr. Hannibal H. Paolozzi XP 

Dr. Emil R. Zaborskv XP 

Dr. E. C. Wach XD 

Dr. 0. F. Wagner XD 

Frank J. Ventura RC 

Albert P. Ryde C 

Phyllis C. Schulze C 

Marv E. Schwieman C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 104 
Location: 1816 West 63rd Street 
Registration: 5678 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2039 
Personnel : 

Ravmond G. Hilger M 
Carl Lauth M 
Henry E. Mann M 
Mathrw Massey M 
Roy O. Olson M 
Otto Weimerskirch M 
Clarence N. Bergstrom G A 



Dr. Nicholas B. Pavletie XP 
Vincent A. Corcoran RC 
David Marcus King RC 
William Daniel Cotter C 
Mary A. Morgan C 
Tsabel 0. Reaves C 



(Continued) 



374 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 105 

Location: 153 West 69th Street 

Registration: 5997 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1939 

Personnel: 

Harry M. Bender M 

James P. Houle M 

Joseph A. Huguelet M 

John B. Mannion M 

Frederick A. Nichols M 

Harry S. Ditchburne GA 

Claire T. Driscoll GA 

Dr. A. W. Anderson XP 

Dr. John Buckley XP 

Dr. M. M. Coopersmith XP 

Dr. Lester M. Choate XD 



Dr. George Kirz XD 
Edward V. Cassidy RC 
Gerald J. Haley RC 
Henry L. Kellogg RC 
Marjorie W. Facer C 
Edward Thomas Gillard 
Gladys I. Klein C 
Oliver R. Mulvey C 
Mary J. Smith C 
Axel S. Swanson C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 106 
Location: 1310 West 79th Street 
Registration: 6088 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1832 
Personnel : 

J. Emmett Clair M 

Richard C. Crawford M 

Edward John Curley M 

Erwin L. Dankers M 

Charles W. Harris M 

Martin H. Holm M 

John D. Quan M 

Jeremiah Sheehan M 

H. G. Wielatz M 

Alfred C. Woyner M 

Edmund I. O'Connor GA 

Dr. Robert E. Cummings XP 

Dr. H. L. Foltz XP 

Dr. Charles F. Kramer XP 

Dr. Joseph M. Mahoney XP 



Dr. Nicholas Mennite XP 
Dr. Raymond Meyer XP 
Dr. Albert G. Peters XP 
Dr. Edmund S. Pisarski XP 
Dr. J. Norman Smyth XP 
Dr. Clifford Sullivan XP 
Dr. Raymond Anderson XD 
Dr. Thomas E. Gilmore XD 
Dr. Algot G. Person XD 
James McFarland RC 
Mrs. Mary Helton C 
Jean H. Keck C 
John J. Lyndon C 
Elsie C. Miller C 
Jeannette R. Ronan C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 107 
Location: 1018 West Taylor Street 
Registration : 4933 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1536 
Personnel : 

Joseph J. Brandes M 

John Cilella M 

Joseph A. Doss M 

Alex J. Hoffman M 

Guy Iarussi M 

Frank D. Keyser M 

Edward Tomasetti M 

Joseph F. Mirabella GA 

Anthony M. Onesto GA 

Dr. Alfredo Bellizzi XP 

Dr. Carl J. Champagne XP 

Dr. James H. Conforti XP 



Dr. Ernest Olivieri XP 
Dr. C. J. Pintozzi XP 
Dr. James DeBiase XD 
Dr. George Falotica XD 
Guy DeFillipis RC 
Anthony G. Salerno RC 
Robert Tortoriello RC 
Donna Marie Bagnole C 
Florence Giovangelo C 
Jean Marion Massuci C 
Grace M. Sabella C 
Addison I. Wolf C 



(Continued) 



375 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 108 

Location: 812 West Taylor Street 

Registration : 5747 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2026 

Personnel: 

Samuel B. Blanksten M 

Anthony Orlando M 

Sam Parrille M 

Secondo Salvino M 

Pompey Taglia M 

Harold S. Lansing GA 

Dr. Bernard S. Freedman XP 



Dr. I. Val Freedman XP 
Anthony J. Mentone RC 
Joseph Severino RC 
Marion F. Amato C 
Tessie P. Kazas C 
John Kodl C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 109 
Location: 1908 Blue Island Avenue 
Registration: 5327 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1960 
Personnel : 

Jesse Bedford M 

Paul J. Harper M 

Anthony Iassilo M 

Bohumil J. Slivka M 

Matt Vacek M 

Albert K. Orschel GA 

Dr. Julius Auerbach XP 

Dr. Adolph Bona XP 

Dr. Francis Kodl XP 



Dr. Frank Kropik XD 
Frank J. Bilek RC 
Joseph Hucek RC 
William Sevic RC 
Frank J. Trcka RC 
Marie J. Czerwinski C 
Otto J. Frederick C 
Marion C. Smithwick < 
Frieda C. Wolf C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 110 
Location: 1413 West 18th Street 
Registration : 5432 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1929 
Personnel : 

Louis S. Feinn M 

Albert Halpern M 

Joseph A. Husek M 

Theodore Maschek M 

John J. Phillips M 

John J. Velner M 

Sol M. Zechman M 

William E. Zink M 

B. E. Nowogradzki GA 



Dr. Joseph Gardzielewski 
Dr. Lincoln Stulik XP 
Dr. M. S. Krupa XD 
Morris Kaplan RC 
Joseph J. Vavrik RC 
Harold T.Webb RC 
Lena Goldstein C 
Sophie Grabitz C 
Wanda A. Wagner C 



XP 



(Continued) 



376 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. Ill 

Location : 3652 West 26th Street 

Registration: 6222 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2171 

Personnel: 

Stephen B. Jais M 

Joseph Moudry M 

Joseph B. Novak M 

Joseph J. Profant M 

Frank A. Svoboda M 

Dr. Harrv J. Smejkal M 

Arthur W. Vanek M 

Bernard M. Fisher GA 

Dr. Meyer H. Levy XP 

Dr. John L. Pieczvnski XP 

Dr. Carl Potkin XP 

Dr. Harry J. Smejkal XP 

Dr. Henrv F. Steinbach XP 



Dr. Constantine P. Theodore 
Dr. Joseph Zabokrtsky XP 
Dr. John J. Zavertnik XP 
Dr. Leo J. Pancoska XD 
Dr. Edward Soucek XD 
Edward 0. Curran RC 
Hugo F. Donat RC 
Donald J. Lotrich RC 
Harold J. Schultz RC 
Arlene Kirian C 
Eleanor V. Raz C 
Arthur W. Vanek C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 112 
Location : 3840 West 26th Street 
Registration: 6598 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2279 
Personnel : 

Joseph F. Batista M 

Frank J. Komarek M 

Otto J. Malina M 

Matthew J. Turk M 

John G. Zelezny M 

Henry L. Burman GA 

William H. Sullivan GA 

Dr. Bohuslav Bousa XP 

Dr. J. S. Chobot XP 



Dr. John J. Tingler XP 
Dr. Frank C. Bicha XD 
Dr. Ernest Maker XD 
Dr. C. L. Sarsoun XD 
Myron 0. Keel RC 
Frank R. S. Popper RC 
Joseph Baumruk, Jr. C 
Erma P. Vitt C 
EllaE. Vlk C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 113 

Location: 3159 West Roosevelt Road 

Registration : 5468 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1886 

Personnel: 

Charles Barron M 

Harry Dicker M 

Leonard I. Micon M 

Dr. William Rothman M 

Jacob Siegel M 

Herman Young M 

Irving J. Karlin GA 

Edward P. Whelan GA 

Dr. Bernard Goldfield XP 

Dr. Irwin Hoffman XP 



Dr. Benjamin W. Lichtman XP 
Dr. William Rothman XP 
Dr. Irving Ginsberg XD 
Dr. Charles H. Zun XD 
Dr. Jacob Zun XD 
David J. Malkin RC 
Sam Rubenstein RC 
Shirley Brill C 
Goldye Levin C 
Nathan Rabson C 

(Continued) 



377 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 114 

Location: 3159 West Roosevelt Road 

Registration: 5881 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2015 

Personnel: 

Meyer Berkovsky M 

Maurice S. Dick M 

Samuel S. Epstein, M.D. M 

Meyer Goldstein M 

Michael Leibow M 

J. Rubin M 

Maurice L. Aberman GA 

Dr. David Ackerman XP 

Dr. Charles Berkowitz XP 

Dr. Mandel Fisher XP 



Dr. Louis Handelman XP 
Dr. A. Neiman XP 
Dr. Maxwell N. Wacker XP 
Dr. Bernard Rodin XD 
Nate Bernberg RC 
Joseph G. Engert RC 
Mollie E. Armstrong C 
Amelia Stern C 
Lillyan Weiss C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 115 
Location: 749 South Western Avenue 
Registration : 4682 
Men furnished to armed forces : 1 748 
Personnel : 

Edward L. Bass M 

Edward Fox M 

Norman E. Haight M 

Joseph Kasza M 

Toby Polito M 

Otto C. Rentner GA 

Dr. G. A. Bica XP 

Dr. Paul V. Carelli XP 

Dr. John B. Cipriani XP 

Dr. George DeTrana XP 



Dr. Aquil Mastri XP 
Dr. Louis S. Varzino XP 
Dr. Joseph M. Maggio XD 
Dr. George W. Parrilli XD 
Charles D. Mead RC 
Frank Spizziri RC 
Rae M. Buffardi C 
Silvio A. Cataldo C 
Violet F. Simmons C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 116 

Location: 2300 South California Avenue 

Registration: 3881 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1531 

Personnel: 

Rudolph Dvonch M 

Lester Greenberg M 

Emil Janes M 

Edward F. Jirkovsky M 

Abe Kardoff M 

Frank Lavitas M 

Louis J. Mayer M 

Sylvester J. Pijanowski M 

Joseph J. Polacek M 

Henry R. Reineke M 

Felix Noti GA 

Dr. William F. Bartelt XP 

Dr. C. H. Courtney XP 



Dr. Frank L. Fortelka XP 
Dr. Joseph W. Krystosek XP 
Dr. Victor Levine XP 
Dr. F. B. Olentine XP 
Dr. J. J. Sprafka XP 
Dr. Charles Fortelka XD 
Dr. Emmett Watts XD 
Benjamin E. Novoselsky RC 
Isadore Shalowitz RC 
Albert J. DeLaurier C 
Frederick Dewey C 
Sade D. Sternberg C 
Shirley Lois Wolf C 



(Continued) 



378 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 117 

Location: 1255 North Ashland Avenue 

Registration: 4986 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2156 

Personnel: 

Louis R. Connell M 

John F. Gillen M 

Anthony T. Krystek M 

Wenzel J. Love M 

Walter A. Miller M 

John Rybandt M 

John A. Bielawa GA 

Edgar H. Schroeder GA 



Dr. John J. Belensky XP 
Dr. A. C. Formusa XP 
Dr. Harry Noskin XP 
Dr. Herman Fink XD 
Stuart Arkin RC 
Michael M. Rachwalski RC 
Helen K. Grywaz C 
Clementine E. Kula C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 118 

Location: 1014 North Noble Street 

Registration : 6422 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2642 

Personnel: 

Alex Bonczkowski M 
Edmund B. Dering M 
Aloysius A. Gordon M 
John Milas M 
Joseph Piech M 
Edmund J. Szumnarski M 
Raymond Kelner GA 
Dr. Joseph P. Cangelosi XP 
Dr. Edward Milewski XP 
Dr. Dominic A. Palmisano XP 
Dr. Frank J. Piszkiewicz XP 



Dr. John F. Tenczar XP 
Dr. F. F. Wagoner XP 
Dr. B. G. Duda XD 
Stephen Kostelny RC 
John Skibbins RC 
William Ziemann RC 
Jeanette F. E. Budnick C 
Helen M. Doyce C 
Josephine Z. Mondry C 
Frank A. Uczciwek C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 119 

Location: 211 South Ashland Avenue 

Registration: 7522 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2328 

Personnel: 

Walter J. Benkert M 
Leo Capuani M 
Frank E. Gettleman M 
Francis P. Kevil M 
Dr. A. B. Rotche M 
Roy Stuart M 
Bernard J. McDonnell GA 
Dr. J. Paul Bennett XP 
Dr. James K. L. Choy XP 
Dr. Bernard Gumbiner XP 
Dr. Bernard A. Halperin XP 
Dr. Charles Hillenbrand XP 



Dr. J. B. Ioratti XP 
Dr. Frank B. Kelly XP 
Dr. Ralph E. Kirsch XP 
Dr. Fay H. Squire XP 
Dr. Alfons F. Tipshus XP 
Dr. Richard W. Watkins XP 
Dr. Leonard H. Weissman XP 
Dr. Willard L. Wood XP 
Jack H. Cameron RC 
Frank A. Meccia RC 
Herman J. Bittle C 
Carmella R. Marzullo C 



(Continued) 



379 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 120 

Location: 809 West Madison Street 
Registration: 4898 
Men furnished to armed forces: 808 
Personnel : 

Emanuel Carbonari M 
James W. Harris M 
William G. Herrmann M 
L. J. Laurion M 
Anthony J. Montague M 
Greene R. Whitney, Sr. M 
Stephen J. Sullivan GA 



Dr. Arthur C. Berman XP 
Dr. John P. Crasseros XP 
Dr. A. S. Leven XP 
Moussa K. Moussa RC 
Anthony A. Boccio C 
Ida S. Young C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 121 

Location: 206 North Western Avenue 

Registration : 6696 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2077 

Personnel: 

Frank J. Carsella M 
David S. Chesrow M 
Joseph N. DeGrazio M 
Charles E. Graydon M 
Graham T. Perry M 
Eugene Thompson M 
Nicholas Traficanti M 



Barney L. Hollowick GA 
Dr. William Henry Bowman 
John R. Fritz C 
Walter J. Garrity C 
Myrtle M. Jacobson C 
Patrick J. McManus C 
Hazelia G. Savage C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 122 

Location: 2229 West Chicago Avenue 
Registration: 6013 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2718 
Personnel : 

Louis Cesario M 
Clyde J. Craig M 
Fremont Gordon M 
James Jay M 
Edward J. Lyons M 
August Michalek M 
Donald J. Rizzio M 
John A. Rago M 



Louis Steinberg M 
Elmer E. Abrahamson GA 
Dr. M. A. Galgano XP 
Dr. Marco S. Petrone XP 
Dr. Michael F. Rago XD 
Dorothy H. Schiavoni C 
Rolland T. Steinert C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 123 

Location: 3813 West Harrison Street 

Registration : 4950 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1539 

Personnel : 

Benson L. Baskin M 
George W. Kistner M 
S.J. Lehrer M 
John R. McSweeney M 
Frank J. Malone M 
Joseph R. Orrico M 
Anthony T. Clementi C \ 
Dr. John J. Casciato XP 
Dr. Nicholas A. Casciato XP 



Dr. Theodore M. Cohen XP 
Dr. E. P. S. Miller XP 
Dr. T. C. Mou/.akeotis XP 
Dr. S. R. DiCosola XD 
Dr. Howard Oringel XD 
Dr. Charles M. Salk XD 
Ben Flapan RC 
Marcia B. Perquette C 
Jack J. Stein C 

(Continued) 






COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 124 

Location : 9 South Kedzie Avenue 

Registration: 6218 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2418 

Personnel: 

Alfred R. Anderson M 

William A. Bell M 

George Gamboney M 

Frank M. McKey M 

Harold Meckel M 

William S. Wilcox M 

I. J. Berkson GA 

Louis I. Shapiro GA 

Maurice G. Walsh GA 

Dr. Curtis Bowman XP 

Dr. D. L. Horning XP 



Dr. Herman Kamin XP 
Dr. Julius Prohovnik XP 
Dr. Gabriel Saltarelli XP 
Dr. A. C. Tivilini XP 
Dr. S. W. Brundage XD 
Dr. Frank C. Grippo XD 
Samuel Baldino RC 
Arthur P. Murphy RC 
Winifred Carey C 
Marie A. Horcher C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 125 
Location: 223 South Cicero Avenue 
Registration: 4685 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1452 
Personnel : 

Charles J. Clusman M 

Paul J. Healy M 

John F. Simpson M 

Anastus A. Svarnas M 

Philip Weinberg M 

Francis T. Delaney GA 

Joseph A. Mclnerney GA 

Jack Rosen GA 



Dr. Philip C. Goergen XP 
Dr. James J. Marzullo XP 
Dr. A. L. Schiff XP 
Dr. D. C. Aubrey XD 
Eugene C. O'Reilly RC 
John M. Ryan RC 
Marie E. Bennett C 
Florence M. Sullivan C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 126 

Location: 937 North Kedzie Avenue 

Registration: 4743 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1701 

Personnel: 

Abe Finder M 

Frank Hawkinson M 

Frank L. Kent M 

Michael LaRocca M 

Chester Mitchell M 

Samuel A. Aronfeld GA 

Andrew J. Flood GA 

Daniel A. Roberts GA 

Dr. Anthony M. Barone XP 

Dr. Nathan M. Kayne XP 

Dr. Joseph LaRocca XP 



Dr. Milton Ochs XP 
Dr. Gaston C. Parker 
Dr.I.S. Segall XP 
Dr. A. D.Yaney XP 
Dr. Michael DeRose 
Dr. Abraham Phillips 
Oscar H. Hagen RC 
Rev. L. M. Upton RC 
Edward C. Wasco RC 
Marcella J. Glon C 
Elizabeth A. Robertson 



XP 



XD 
XD 



(Continued) 



381 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 127 

Location: 1020 North Western Avenue 

Registration : 6341 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2364 

Personnel: 

Emil Baumgartner M 

LaSalle de Michaels M 

Anthony Fortmann M 

Morgan L. Green M 

Frank Lajone M 

Claude Wamsley M 

I. Archer Levin GA 



Dr. Michael J. Kutza XP 
Dr. B. A. Pregozen XD 
David P. Hill . RC 
Arthur K. Young RC 
Marion M. Schroeder C 
Lenora B. Staiger C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 128 

Location: 2044 West North Avenue 

Registration: 5287 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2135 

Personnel: 

Alexander M. Fisher M 

Dr. Ira I. Kaplin M 

Frank R. Maday M 

Oscar M. Nudelman M 

William Rusnak M 

Louis Dulsky GA 

Dr. John L. Koza XP 

Dr. Daniel T. Sokolowski XP 

Dr. Henry Wehringer XP 



Dr. Stanley Heynar XD 
Dr. M. V. Kaminski XD 
Ernest W. Schneider RC 
Harry Stephen Szeklucki RC 
William R. Charles C 
Teresa DeFalca C 
Berdie Grossman C 
Phyllis J. Leavitt C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 129 

Location: 1409 North Milwaukee Avenue 

Registration: 5748 

Men furnished to armed forces: 2312 

Personnel: 

William L. Barnard M 

Louis Rosset M 

William Ruzin M 

James N. Semple M 

A. S. Wengierski M 

Ignatius V. Wiencek M 

Burton I. Stolar GA 

Casimir S. Wiczas GA 

Dr. J. M. Amberson XP 

Dr. Francis A. Dulak XP 

Dr. Frank H. Fowler XP 

Dr. John V. Fowler, Jr. XP 

Dr. John W. Harned XP 

Dr. Albert J. Kass XP 



Dr. I. P. Lombardo XP 
Dr. John A. Marszalek XP 
Dr. Casimir F. Przvpvzny XP 
Dr. Morris I. Tir XP 
Dr. S. H. Goodfriend XD 
Dr. G. B. Livingston XD 
Dr. John G. Sipple XD 
V.J. Busch RC 
Benjamin M. Edidin RC 
Isadore Kohn RC 
Mary' Hariette Babyar C 
John C. Gruschow C 
Francine S. Tauber C 



(Continued) 



382 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 130 

Location: 2818 West Diversey Avenue 

Registration : 5255 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1763 

Personnel: 

John A. Blake M 

Frank J. Eder M 

Oscar Johnson M 

Edward A. Mims M 

Arthur R. Murphy M 

Rae E. Nehls M 

Joseph J. Sullivan GA 

Dr. Alfred Eckstein XP 

Dr. Vincent J. Greco XP 

Dr. Samuel Heller XP 



Dr. J. E. Hodes XP 

Dr. Edward J. Schmehil XP 

Dr. L. A. Slavin XD 

Dr. M. S. Wagmeister XD 

George A. Fiene RC 

Walter Schmidt RC 

Clarence L. Steber RC 

Astrid B. Dyrud C 

Mae M. Lindstrom C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 131 
Location: 2422 West Fullerton Avenue 
Registration : 5756 
Men furnished to armed forces : 2202 
Personnel : 

Dr. Samuel R. Kleiman M 

Maurice Marble M 

William R. Neidhardt M 

Frank E. Pochowski M 

Thomas H. Sanford M 

William F. Ader GA 

Dr. Irvin Neufeld XP 

Dr. Myron A. Green XP 

Dr. Bernard F. Justus XP 



Dr. Jerome C. Prusinski XP 
Dr. S. R. Kleiman XD 
Dr. W. T. Pendergast XD 
Alex H. Dolnick RC 
Isadore S. Rosin RC 
Sam Sgaller RC 
Maurice F. Godin C 
Alice I. Hoffman C 
Adeline A. M. Malowe C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 132 

Location: 3551 West Armitage Avenue 

Registration: 4694 

Men furnished to armed forces : 1552 

Personnel: 

George W. Guy M 

Joseph A. Hollander M 

Roy I. Johnson M 

James M. Parker M 

Charles C. Ramage M 

Fred W. Strasser M 

Leo Wulfsohn M 

P. M. Zuncker M 

Bernhard Stenge GA 

Dr. J. J. Boland XP 



Dr. Peter F. Czwalinski XP 
Dr. Leon P. Kozakiewicz XP 
Dr. Francis Tenczar XP 
Dr. Frank Biedka XD 
Dr. Wilbur C. Griffin XD 
Dr. Romuald J. Walczyk XD 
Claude L. Prish RC 
Erna Moff K. Hansen C 
Roy I. Johnson C 
Catherine Risetto C 



(Continued) 



383 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 133 
Location: 2745 West Armitage Avenue 
Registration : 6005 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1901 
Personnel : 

John A. Kromrey M 

Henry Carl Offen M 

Henry Penge M 

Frank J. Prohaska M 

Otto M.Webb M 

Herbert F. Geisler GA 

Raymond Geisler GA 

Viola Geisler GA 

Dr. Stanley B. Abelson XP 

Dr. Elmer N. Ascherman XP 

Dr. C. A. Fleischner XP 



Dr. J. Friedman XP 
Dr. Alexander C. Peska 
Dr. E. G. Faller XD 
Dr. T. V. Weclew XD 
Wilfred W. Beseke RC 
Edward A. Meyer RC 
Louis J. Schutt RC 
Dolores Marie Kaeser C 
Henry L. Petersen C 
Georgia Xerogianes C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 134 

Location: 3110 Milwaukee Avenue 

Registration : 5449 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1843 

Personnel: 

Mark W. Bradwav M 
Edward L. Kuszewski M 
Charles Lowy M 
Clemans F. Menclewski M 
Stanley M. Pawelzyk M 
Glen Ryan M 
Casimir Griglik GA 
Dr. Richard V. Kochanski XP 



Dr. Nathaniel J. Kupferberg 
Dr. L. A. Nordstrom XP 
Dr. Phil A. Skwiot XD 
Ellsworth S. Dee RC 
Joseph S. Kaserow RC 
Apolonia B. Bartkowicz C 
Irene F. May C 
Walter Schwartz C 



XP 






CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 135 

Location: 4310 West North Avenue 

Registration : 4698 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1430 

Personnel: 

Guy Thomas Coleman M 

Dr. Lewis Kent Eastman M 

Harry Eugene Eckland M 

Chris W. Keane M 

Dewey B. Olson M 

Adolph C. Sievers M 

William E. Vilsoet M 

Louis C. Karbiner GA 

Dr. Gene Arenson XP 



Dr. W. Lloyd Kenny XP 
Dr. Frank M. Laurenzana 
Dr. G. J. Sanfilippo XP 
Dr. M. L. Bramer XD 
Anthony Romano RC 
Loretta M. Bernero C 
Melvin H. Lund C 
EbbaK. Rohde C 



XP 



(Continued) 



384 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 136 

Location: 5665 West Madison Street 

Registration : 4509 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1247 

Personnel : 

Richard S. Gill M 
Herman E. Krulewitch M 
Dr. Samuel Marmor M 
William J. Sheridan M 
Maurice Turner M 
Bernard McDevitt, Jr. GA 
Dr. Leon M. Beilin XP 
Dr. B. Norman Bengtson XP 
Dr. Vaclav G. Dvorak XP 
Dr. Leon S. Eisenman XP 
Dr. E. Frank Goodman XP 
Dr. J. W. Hayden XP 
Dr. Thomas D. Laftry XP 



Dr.J. M. Lally XP 
Dr. A. Sodaro XP 
Dr. Samuel Solomon, Jr. 
Dr. Irwin Spiesman XP 
Dr. Louis V. Batler XD 
Dr. J. W. Chulock XD 
Dr. L. J. White XD 
James J. Curtis RC 
William M. Rogers RC 
Allen J. Erne C 
Helen M. Hill C 
Mabel P. Keevan C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 137 
Location: 4006 Milwaukee Avenue 
Registration: 6415 
Men furnished to armed forces : 2000 
Personnel : 

Carl E. Abrahamson M 

Frank Gudgeon M 

Glenn C.Kufier M 

JohnE. Kulik M 

Philip M. Sandberg, Sr. M 

Stephen Schultz M 

N. K. Wertheimer M 

Peter J. Benda, Jr. GA 

Edwin A. Feldott GA 

Olaf A. Olson GA 

Dr. John Eterno XP 



Dr. P. K. Kent XP 
Dr. Lawrence W. Lynn XP 
Dr. LeRoy F. Maas XD 
Dr. F. L. Pierce XD 
Lloyd C. Larson RC 
Cornelius F. McCarthy RC 
Dr. B.H.Sachs RC 
Oscar Hansen C 
Mae C. Kempski C 
Laura V. Simmons C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 138 
Location : 3326 North Pulaski Road 
Registration : 5885 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1838 
Personnel : 

Frank Benjamin Brandt M 

William Creely M 

Edward Lake M 

Clarence Lindstrom M 

Marlow J. Madden M 

Frank P. Pawlak M 

Herbert J. Schmidt GA 

Dr. R. F. Greening XP 

Dr. Rasmus J. Harr XP 

Dr. J. A. Johnston XP 

Dr. James M. McDonnough XP 



Dr. Harold R. Marsh XP 
Dr. Theodore H. Renz XP 
Dr. George C. Turner XP 
Dr. T. A. Czeslawski XD 
Dr. Robert F. Schroeder XD 
Edwin Thomas Brazelton RC 
Ravmond K. Theis RC 
Idabelle Graff C 
EbbaK. Rohde C 
Anna F. Rose C 



(Continued) 



385 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 139 
Location: 3242 West Montrose Avenue 
Registration : 6771 
Men furnished to armed forces: 2113 
Personnel : 

Mervin H. Bower M 

Eli Herman M 

John A. McLeod M 

Adam J. Miller M 

Walter A. Sittig M 

Philip R. Davis GA 

Henry J. Heart GA 

Dr. Harold M. Brill XP 



Dr. Paul E. Kelly XP 
Dr. Henry M. Sarton XD 
Bernard H. Lefkow RC 
Sidney Rubin RC 
Irwin Abrams C 
Martha I. Sanger C 
Henry J. Sayad C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 140 

Location: 5949 West Lawrence Avenue 

Registration: 6762 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1979 

Personnel: 

Chas. A. Amenta M 

Herman A. Hansen M 

Arthur Hollins M 

Gottfrid Hookanson M 

Richard J. Ruddy M 

George M. Weichelt GA 

Dr. E. Perry Vaughan XP 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 141 

Location: 510 North Dearborn Street 

Registration : 5838 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1344 

Personnel: 

Frank A. Coari M 
Howard B. Bryant M 
Darius C. Franche M 
George H. Grear M 
Francis J. McDonough M 
William F. McDonough M 
Joe Rosasco M 
Scott S. Smith M 
Felix J. Streyckmans M 
Clement L. Harrell GA 
Kenneth F. Montgomery GA 
Dr. E. D. Bloomenthal XP 



Dr. Jesse F. Burton XD 
Dr. Joseph Chapman XD 
Ralph W. O'Farrell RC 
Martin A. Stanton RC 
Emmett Felker C 
Clara E. Muchowski C 






Dr. R. E. Dolkart XP 
Dr. John J. Eichstaedt XP 
Dr. E. D. Blumenthal XP 
Dr. C. H. Stadelman XP 
Dr. Irving D. Thrasher XP 
Dr. J. Allan Weiss XP 
Dr. B. J. Neiman XD 
Dominick Marubio, Jr. RC 
Dr. Robert D. Smoot RC 
Fred J. Bent C 
Lorraine M. Giovannetti C 
Nellie M. Steinweg C 

(Continued) 



386 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 142 

Location : 200 East Chestnut Street 

Registration : 6025 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1455 

Personnel: 

Harry Ash M 
Ernest A. Faulhaber M 
Dr. J. M. O'Donoghue M 
Herb W. Sanborn M 
Fred Sans M 
Charles E. Schiller M 
J. C. Sturtevant M 
Ellis R.Hurd GA 
Marshall G. Sampsell GA 
Dr. Anton J. Barmaneder XP 
Dr. Herman N. Bundesen XP 
Dr. F. E. Cunningham XP 
Dr. Julius G. Levy XP 
Dr. John B. Nardi XP 
Dr. Henry C. Niblack XP 



Dr. Samuel C. Noto XP 
Dr. Emil A. Schlageter XP 
Dr. Martin L. Schwartz XP 
Dr. Robert Tigay XP 
Dr. Philip I. Dome XD 
Dr. Carl Greenwald XD 
Dr. F.J. Kurby XD 
Dr. C. R. Quinn XD 
Dr. Simon Price XD 
Joel Goldblatt RC 
Elaine N. Hantzis C 
M. Minerva Hines C 
Mildred O. Snoddy C 
Prudence Stenge C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 143 
Location: 1930 North Clark Street 
Registration : 7430 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2365 
Personnel : 

William R. Bateman M 

Jay S. Cassriel M 

Fletcher M. Durbin M 

George Funk M 

Frank Lennartz M 

John Smida M 

James A. O'Callaghan GA 

Dr. V. 0. Cardenas XP 

Dr. Arthur I. Edison XP 

Dr. Louis J. Kahn XP 



Dr. Irwin W. Kross XP 
Dr. H. A. Lindberg XP 
Dr. Otto Schwartz XP 
Dr. Arthur Taylor XP 
Dr. Fred A. Tworoger XP 
Dr. Herbert W. Lee XD 
Dr. August Swierczek XD 
Ralph M. Isacksen RC 
Walter A. George C 
Evelyn M. Maddox C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 144 
Location: 2723 North Clark Street 
Registration : 5956 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1640 
Personnel : 

Charles 0. Clark M 

Arthur H. Fischer M 

Egbert L. Polk M 

John E. Ricketts M 

Robert M. Stack M 

Carnot E. Valette M 

Henry I. Weisbrod M 

Alvin B. Olson GA 

Dr. Adalbert Klaptoz XP 

Dr. K. W. Ossendorff XP 

Dr. Edward J. Pengally XP 



Dr. George L. Percy XP 
Dr. Richard Edgard Somma 
Dr. Maurice I. Blair XD 
Dr. John M. Cloyd XD 
Lewis W. Barker RC 
Joseph G. Daly RC 
Lewis A. Tentler RC 
Mabel Esterly C 
Marion Healy C 
Leo R. Wood C 



XP 



(Continued) 



387 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 145 

Location : 2608 North Halsted Street 

Registration : 5698 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1621 

Personnel: 

Murray Miller M 

Merton Lewis Cogwell M 

Arthur Hitzman M 

Joseph C. Miller M 

H. D. Roseth M 

Harry John Smith M 

Henry A. Umbreit M 

Emanuel Goldstrich GA 

Donald Korshak GA 

MaxM. Korshak GA 

Dr. Samuel Abrahams XP 



Dr. Hugo Deuss XP 

Dr. Martin L. Hannan XP 

Dr. Jordan Rose XP 

Dr. Joseph Zoltan XP 

Dr. Robert Smith XD 

Waldemar E. Erickson RC 

Luther Thomas Henderson RC 

Sally A. Hall C 

Kay McManus C 

Eileen Mary Rogers C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 146 

Location: 3126 North Ashland Avenue 

Registration: 6430 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2209 

Personnel: 

Merlin J. Bartlett M 

William J. Duffy M 

George R. Huber M 

Albert H. Larson M 

Earl D. Peveler M 

William A. Spandau, Jr. M 

Allen E. Hoban GA 

Dr. L. E. Barryte XP 

Dr. A. J. Campagna XP 

Dr. L. A. Macaluso XP 



Dr. Joseph R. Mueller XP 
Dr. H. M. Sondel XP 
Dr. Adolph Sprecher XD 
Desse Anderson RC 
Harley F. Jones RC 
Herbert L. Schultz RC 
Edna C. Fritz C 
Edwin A. Ladendorf C 
Bertha E. Prosser C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 147 
Location: 3319 North Clark Street 
Registration: 6771 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1748 
Personnel : 

Howard P. Evans M 

William E. Hammel M 

David Jacker M 

Herman Waldman M 

Henry P. Walshon M 

Aaron H. Cohn GA 

George Sugarman GA 

Dr. Lester Jack Baranov XP 

Dr. Frederick Grunt ck XP 

Dr. F. H. Kampf XP 

Dr. Arthur H. Levine XP 

Dr. David Padorr XP 

Dr. Alvin A. Palow XP 

Dr. Nathan Rosenberg XP 



Dr. Israel Sherry XP 
Dr. Sol A. Sugar XP 
Dr. Ralph P. White XP 
Dr. J. A. Atchison XD 
Dr. Maurice C. Berman 
Dr. Jacob Spira XD 
Mandel Anixter RC 
Benjamin R. Paul RC 
Jack L. Solomon RC 
Theron E. Douglas C 
Esther M. Klopf C 
Hilda C. Romme C 
Rose M. Suhr C 



XD 






(Continued) 



388 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 148 

Location: 1967 Montrose Avenue 

Registration : 5560 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1634 

Personnel: 

William G. Ferstel M 

Aaron Glicksman M 

Ralph Rose M 

Erick Theodore Rysell M 

Herman V. Silvertrust M 

Harry Wilde M 

Edward S. Coath GA 

Dr. Raymond E. Bartelson XP 

Dr. F. E. Hirsch XP 

Dr. Philip R. McGuire XP 

Dr. John F. Oates XP 



Dr. Louis Carl Sondel XP 
Dr. E. Davis Wernick XP 
Dr. E. B. Williams XP 
Dr. Raymond A. Reillev X I ) 
Dr. Edgar M. Walker XD 
John B. Bobzien RC 
Richard Teising RC 
Paul B. Zaring RC 
Ethel S. Baker C 
Arthur C. Bitterli C 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 149 
Location: 4532 Broadway- 
Registration: 6155 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1620 
Personnel : 

Dr. 0. R. Engelmann M 
Carl J. Johnson M 
John P. Keating M 
George Prasinos M 
Harold G. Thompson M 
Carl E. Buddenbaum GA 
John M. Connery GA 
Thomas P. Henehan GA 
Dr. Benjamin B. Elster XP 
Dr. Morris Goldstein XP 



Dr. Maurice V. H. Puckev 
Dr. Ernst Silberberg XP 
Dr. Basil Cupis XD 
Dr. Tsador Weisbach XD 
Vincent Endris RC 
Edwin L. Rvan RC 
Rudolph G.Smatlak RC 
Valerie Bierman C 
Marion D. Fry C 
Frank H. L. Wilder C 



XP 



CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 150 
Location: 4145 North Broadway- 
Registration: 5580 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1483 
Personnel: 

Leo Cohen M 

Edward P. Dowline: M 

Raymond Hecht M 

Marshall W. Hill M 

R. Herbert Milligan M 

Phillip Sanders M 

Charles C. Arado GA 

Ruoert J. Barry GA 

Richard J. Zavertnik G \ 

Dr. Richard J. Burrows XP 

Dr. Samuel J. Burrows XP 

Dr. Benj. L. Ebert XP 

Dr. Abraham Ettelson XP 

Dr. Max Herzog XP 



Dr. Alexander Malek XP 

Dr. Louis W. Meckstroth XP 

Dr. Jerome J. Moses XP 

Dr. Harrv Nagel XP 

Dr. Martin T. Ross XP 

Dr. Philip Thorek XP 

Dr. Werner Tuteur XP 

Dr. A. H. Frev XD 

Rov W. Duore RC 

Ham- E. Heidhues RC 

Milton Janus RC 

Marv Brown C 

Andrew J. Getz C 

Man- Catherine Redmond C 



(Continued) 



389 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

CHICAGO CITY BOARD No. 151 

Location: 1791 Howard Street 

Registration : 5765 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1325 

Personnel: 

Cornelius C. Cole M 
Daniel M. Dever M 
Perice J. Fenlon M 
Frank J. Jacobson M 
Edward J. McArdle, Jr. M 
A. D. Quan M 
Harold I. Chayes GA 
Stephen T. Ronan GA 
Dr. Irving R. Abrams XP 
Dr. Norman S. Angel XP 
Dr. Thomas J. Conley XP 
Dr. M. G. Flannery XP 



Dr. J. Gilbert Gray XP 
Dr. Leonard A. Kratz XP 
Dr. Franklin C. McCarty XP 
Dr. James D. Pierce XP 
Dr. Charles W. Scruggs, Jr. XP 
Dr. Martin W. Sheade XP 
Dr. Cecil S. Taber XP 
Dr. L. T. Black XD 
Sylvan M. Edison RC 
Dennis J. Fitzpatrick C 
Ann E. Manau C 
Dorothy J. Walsh C 



CHICAGO ADVISORY BOARDS FOR REGISTRANTS 
Ward 1: 



Clarence W. Beatty, Jr. 
Harold E. Christensen 
Herman L. Ellsworth 
Ernest Stanley Hodges 



Robert Irmiger 
John G. McDonald 
Charles W. Stiefel, Jr. 



Ward 2: 

Joseph J. Attwell, Jr. 
Martin L. H. Barclay 
Maurice S. Barrington 
George A. Blakey 
Charles Earle Carroll 
James B. Cashin 
Benjamin W. Clayton 
William H. Crawford 
Fred H. Elliott 
E. Young Gay 



Luther Hill 
John S. King 
George W. Lawrence 
Marcia E. Lewis 
Franklin A. Lovelace 
William A. Maclntyre 
William C. Martin 
Edwin Clinton Moore 
A. L. Williams 
Christopher C. Wimbish 



Ward 3: 

Arthur Altschul 
Edward Blackman 
Zedrick T. Braden 
Jerome M. Brooks 
Bruce E. Brown 
Otis M. Buckner 
Daniel I. Cole 
William H. Creditt 
Bindley C. Cyrus 
Benjamin B. Davis 
Leon M. Despres 
Morton C. Elden 
Charles B. Evins 
Walter M. Farmer 
Lawrence C. Friedlander 
Harold M. Gilden 
William B. Gilmore 



Harry George 
Henry M. Goldsmith 
Raymond J. Goss 
James A. Greene 
Houston H. Hall 
Berthold J. Harris 
Stuart Hertz 
Sidney J. Hess, Jr. 
Eugene F. Hiller 
Galen Hunt 
Lewis F. Jacobson 
John T. Jones 
Louis E. Kahn 
Samuel M. Kane 
Elijah B. Kelley 
Ulysses S. Keys 
Leo S. Kositchek 



(Continued) 



390 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Advisory Boards— Ward 3]— Continued 



Carroll N. Langston, Jr. 
Oscar Lee 
George E. Leonard 
William E. Lilly 
Leonard B. Lippman 
Cleveland L. Longmire 
Benjamin McAllister 
Daniel J. McCarthy 
Brooklyn J. McNeil 
David J. Maddox 
Jesse B. Mann 
W. G. Morgan 
Alvin H. Moss 
Lynch J. Nash 
Poindexter A. Orr 
Mandell Perlman 
Lawrence W. Pfaelzer 
Carl Pomerance 
Leonard C. Reid 
W. Harold Rutherford 

Ward 4: 

Joseph D. Bibb 
Frank S. Bloch 
William H. Brown 
Samuel L. Bullas 
Leonard M. Cohen 
Melvin Cohen 
Clarence L. Coleman 
David F. Dockman 
Adrian J. Eichberg 
Horace E. Galloway 
Leo W. Hoffman 
McHenry Kemp 
Harry D. Koenig 

Ward 5: 

Arthur H. Bellamy 
George G. Bogert 
Henry D. Brown 
Rudolph W. Burgeson 
Samuel G. Clawson 
Henry T. Chase 
Harold L. Eisenstein 
Dudley R. Emerson 
Ambrose Fuller 
Joseph A. Golde 
William S. Joy 
Edward A. McCarthy 

Ward 6: 

James H. Christensen 
Thomas A. Dillon 



Benjamin Samuels 
Archie Schimberg 
Leonard Schram 
Harry Shriman 
Ira L. Sherman 
Arnold Shure 
Arthur H. Simms 
Carlos A. Spiess 
Elyseo J. Taylor 
Euclid L. Taylor 
James A. Terry 
Edward B. Toles 
R. Esdras Turner 
Louis C. Tyree 
Robert H. Waterford 
A. L. Weber 
Marvin J. Welfeld 
J. Ernest Wilkins 
James MacQuaid Wilson 



Seymour M. Lewis 
Marcus Mahone 
Levi H. Morris 
Joseph Pavian 
James Graham Penn 
Robert I. Pitzele 
Leo Spira 
Lee L. Turoff 
James E. Webb 
Matthew J. Weiss 
Alexander C. Wells 
Lawrence J. West 
Philip A. Winston 



David F. Matchett 
Paul M. Mitchell 
James I. Morehead 
Theodore J. Reinert 
Rufus Sampson 
Kenneth C. Sears 
Emmcinual J. Seidner 
H. Lester Seidner 
Ernest J. Stevens 
Byron Tyler 
Kirby H. Wells 
Peter L. Wentz 



Charles A. Wilson 



(Continued) 



391 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Advisory Boards]— Continued 
Ward 7: 



William A. Blake 
Nicholas Bohling 
Charles E. Clark 
John J. Crane 
William J. Drennan 
Edward E. Fleming 
Harold J. Goldberger 
Edward Hershenson 
Lowell A. Lawson 

Ward 8: 

Paul L. Anderson 
R. E. Blackwood 
John P. Costello 

Ward 9: 

Edward W. Barrett 
Leonard Bosgraf 
Grove Chidester 
Melvin L. Gibbard 
George D. Hillstrom 

Ward 10: 

Felix M. Buoscio 
C. L. U. Clemens 
Eugene Czachorski 
(Mrs.) Helen Fleming 
Rafael G. Guardado 
Daniel J. Hallahan 
Alvin L. Hansen 

Ward 11: 

Alan J. Altheimer 
Edward L. Berleman 
Daniel A. Costigan 
Vincent Chisesi 
Alexander J. Isaacs 

Ward 12: 

Lucien J. Bessette 
Davis P. Buzane 
Edward T. Havey, Jr. 

Ward 13: 

George A. Askounis 
Grenville Beardslcy 
Benjamin Clarke 
James T. Cunnea 
Charles P. Kal 
Samuel W. Kipnis 
F. J. Lyons 



Czachorski 



Frank Lindman 
John P. McGoorty, Jr. 
Jeffery Morrissey 
Howard D. Moses 
Victor G. Nardi 
George A. Rooney 
Gerald Ryan 
Samuel Silverman 



Hugh N. Johnson 
John Onufrock 
Arthur B. Skidmore 



James Isherwood 
Joseph Nelson 
Robert F. K. Rausch 
Hobart McKinley Sidler 



William C. Henry 
William F. Kompare 
Jack T. Lask 
Walter McNichols 
John Schorr 
Irvin W. Sippel 
Harry C. Trapp 



Herman A. Kabaker 
S. J. Krazeminski 
Irving R. Senn 
William N. Strack 



A. J. Jersild 
Maurice A. Levens 
Edward A. Rolwes 



A. B. Manion 
Samuel L. Montelione 
William R. Murphy 
Harold P. O'Connell 
Albin A. Peters 
John Simpson 



(Continued) 



395 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Advisory Boards]— Continued 
Ward 14: 



Albin C. Ahlberg 
Daniel J. Colgan 
Robert N. Isbell, Jr. 
Francis T. McCurrie 
Thomas F. McWilliams 

Ward 15: 

Oren W. Coler 
William A. Cunnea 

D. Ellwood Davis 
Henry W. Dieringer 
John M. Dluhy 
Albin Dommermuth 
William E. Furlong 
Frank H. Hopwood 
William C. Mitchell 

Ward 16: 

Patrick A. Barton 
John S. Boyle 
John J. Flanagan 
Daniel A. Gallagher 
Anton R. Gecan 
James L. Griffin 
Joseph P. Griffin 

Ward 17: 

Raymond J. Budinger 
Opal Leon Bunn 
W. O. Bunn 
Willard E. Bunn 
Elmer S. Freeman 
James W. Fry 
Albert E. Grammer 
Roy F. Healy 
Ward Heidenrich 
Edward P. McKeown 

Ward 18: 

Joseph Barbera 
Albert C. Boehm 
Philip G. Brennan 

E. J. Camit 
John Cullom 
Thomas Patrick Foley 

Ward 19: 

Romeyn W. Nelson 
Martin J. McNally 
John F. Lesch 



George F. Matthews 
William F. O'Keeffe 
Anthony F. Peterka 
Thomas J. Reedy 
Stephen L. Ruff 



Walter L. Montgomery 
William F. Morrissey 
Thomas L. Murphy 
Michael F. Mulcahy 
Jerry Pech 
Francis X. Poynton 
Michael S. Rehak 
Raymond A. Rempert 
John E. W. Timm 



Henry Kloese 
John V. Kristy 
Francis T. Moran 
Edward H. Murnane 
Charles T. Myles 
Richard 0. Olson 
Edwin C. Podewell 



Thomas A. McManigal 
Samuel W. Miller 
William T. Murphy 
Edward F. O'Malley 
August R. Ortlepp 
Dana R. Simpson 
Robert G. Sippel 
Paul T. Weldon 
Peter Zabello 



William J. Gleason 
Edward J. Hines 
Raymond J. Lavery 
Edwin A. Lotko 
Justin H. McCarthy 
Thomas J. McNally 



Frederic W. Heineman 
John A. Bussian 



(Continued) 



393 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Advisory Boards]— Continued 



Ward 20: 

Henry Auerbach 
Marvin J. Bas 
Henry Cimarusti 
Morris DeWoskin 
Arthur I. Grossman 
Amiel G. Hall 
Percy R. Jacobson 
Julius C. Jaffe 
Daniel Koch 
Seymour Koch 
Sidney H. Koch 
Leon L. Kogut 
Alec E. Kollenberg 
Abraham Kosdom 
Marshall David Landis 

Ward 21: 

Joseph J. Belinski 
Edward A. Cooper 
Anthony J. Darovic 
Irene Kuchinskas 
Stanley Kusper 

Ward 22: 

Arthur Abraham 
Donald C. Colby 
John R. Curran 
Craig R. Johnson 
Thaddeus F. Kuflewski 

Ward 23: 

Rudolph Bleier 
George W. Boucek 
Chester L. Butler 
Fred C. Cuchna 
Edward D. Feinberg 
Myles A. Grill 
William J. Kafka 

Ward 24: 

Benson L. Baskin 
Emanuel Eller 
Gabriel Goldberg 
Burton B. Jaman 

Ward 25: 

Leslie G. Donahue 
Ernest L. Duck 
Reuben Flacks 
Herman Herson 
Sidney Jaffe 



Maxwell Landis 
Barnett Larks 
Richard H. Levin 
Ellidor M. Libonati 
David S. Lozansky 
Zachary Gans Mazzone 
Cyril I. Milton 
Leonard Moses 
Horton J. Petrino 
Saul Plast 
Philip P. Salerno 
Leonard M. Spira 
Herbert H. Scheier 
Maurice Walk 
Harry N. Wyatt 



John R. Lamb 
John R. McSweeney 
Lad Dennis Smutny 
Steven S. Tyrakowski 



John Novak 
Otto C. Placek 
John J. Reichman 
Leon A. Wachowski 



Samuel A. Kanter 
Raymond T. Kilbride 
Bernard Kurlan 
James T. Mullaney 
Erwin J. Puta 
John Yonco 
Anton Zeman 



Harry H. Malkin 
Ben E. Palmer 
David White 



J. J. Klepah 
Alfred Newton 
Franklin Raber 
John T. Rcutrkr 



(Continued) 



394 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Advisory Boards]— Continued 



Ward 26: 

M. J. Bachta 
Joseph M. Baron 
Edward G. Blonder 
Alex F. Borucki 
John A. Eckler 
Walery J. Fronczak 
John R. Hlavacka 
S. G. Jacobzak 

Ward 27: 

Samuel Block 
Robert E. Dowling. Jr. 
George E. Howell 
Morris Kompel 

Ward 28: 

Anthony R. Chiara 
Howard G. Deming 
Lane A. Fry 
George J. Harkness 
Paul A. LaRocque 

Ward 29: 

William A. Bell 
Anthony S. Bruno 
S. J. Lehrer 
James C. O'Brien, Jr. 

Ward 30: 

David I. Bairn 
Beryl B. Collins 
Irwin B. Clorfene 
Michael J. Creighton 
Thomas M. Daly 
William David Dreyer 
Thomas F. Ellis, Jr. 

Ward 31: 

Lloyd Cunningham 
Anthony Deering 
Herbert H. Lissner 
Max Luster 

Ward 32: 

Chester Greskowiak Gresher 
Frank Greskowiak 
Francis J. Kortas 
Edward M. Koza 
Andrew F. Kucharski 
Marion G. Kudlick 



William C. Jaskowiak 
Valentine P. Koszuba 
Joseph S. LaBuy 
Valentine J. Liss 
Irvin J. Moskal 
B. Pelechowicz 
Joseph Steller 
Joseph S. Tragarz 



Roger R. Leech 
Percv A. Rattrav 
Scott J. Vitell 



Charles F. McCarter 
John V. Schaffenegger 
Gerritt W. Wesselink 
George J. Zimmerman 



Nicholas A. Pope 
Pascoe W. Raymond 
Robert M. Sweitzer, Jr. 



Richard B. Finn 
Abraham Johnson 
Howard M. Harvey 
Kenneth Sinclair Mainland 
John I. Mayer 
Marshall D. Omans 
Thomas E. Rvan 



Frank J. Makovsky 
Harold Rivkin 
Bernard Savin 



William J. Pinkowski 
Harry R. Posner 
Theodore A. Siniarski 
Benjamin Waller 
John S. Wegerzyn 
John Zekowski 



(Continued) 



395 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Advisory Boards]— Continued 
Ward 33: 



Mandel L. Aronfeld 
Benjamin Bass 
Leo Sanford Blustin 
Thomas J. Cameron 
Edward E. Contarsy 
Bruneau Ernest Heirich 

Ward 34: 

Louis W. Fischer 
Lawrence E. Fleischman 
James A. Geroulis 
Nunzio Giambalvo 
Meyer H. Goldstein 
Edward M. Klein 
Jay R. Lasky 

Ward 35: 

C. S. Cherpeck 
Paul M. Cocot 
Stanley R. Koy 
Joseph L. Lisack 
Adam J. Penar 

Ward 36: 

Nathan Glick 
Edward J. McGinnis 
Emmett A. Moynihan 

Ward 37: 

Ralph Charles Blaha 
Charles C. Bodenstab 
Theodor J. Cooper 
George A. Curran 
Harry Hoffman 

Ward 38: 

Carl E. Abrahamson 
Clyde C. Colwell 
Samuel Deutsch 
Jack E. Dwork 
Charles R. Holton 
Stanley Kielczynski, Jr. 

Ward 39: 

Abraham R. Berkson 
Merle E. Finch 
Joseph H. Horwich 

Ward 40: 

George E. Asselin 
Harry Bierma 
Joseph Bonnefoi 
Milton L. Durchslag 
Maurice J. Frccdman 
Harry S. Greenstein 



Bernard Hoban 
Francis S. Lorenz 
Walter N. Murray 
Paul V. Pallasch 
Alexander 0. Ramlose 



Benjamin D. Leavitt 
Morton E. Levin 
Walter P. Mack 
Milton H. Nelson 
Judson A. Samuels 
Samuel Yoelin 



Louis J. Priore 
Alexander J. Ross 
Lee A. Russell 
Stanley Werdell 



Henry H. Nowicki 
Lawrence F. Zygmunt 



Joseph C. Kanak 
John J. Murphy, Jr. 
Marvin A. Nelson 
William Schiepan 
Frank C. Wilkinson 



Saul J. Moss 
J. A. Nordstrand 
Henry Perlman 
Edgar A. Suter 
Harrv D. Taft 



Wallace S. Schall 
Samuel L. Schlocker 



Louis T. Herzon 
Eugene Kart 
Alfred R. Lasdon 
James R. O'Leary 
Carl B. Sussman 
Sydney Wolfe 



(Continued) 



396 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Advisory Boards]— Continued 



Ward 41: 

G. Hilding Anderson 
Joseph T. Harrington 

Ward 42: 

Paul F. Boyer 
George Patterson Boyle 
Benjamin E. Cohen 
Robert A. Crane 
Stanley K. Fish 
Richard S. Folsom 
Seth E. Hough 
Charles Leviton 
Jerome H. Leviton 
Benjamin Mazur 
Francis E. Matthews 

Ward 43: 

William L. Bourland 
Robert Andrew Brown 
Lee J. Frank 
Charles Goodman 
Herbert H. Kennedy 
Frank D. Mayer 

Ward 44: 

W. Richard Bernays 
James E. Beverly 
Harold M. Eaton 
Edwin A. Hale 
John I. Howe 
Lester R. Korshak 
Marshall V. Kearney 
Leon A. Kovin 

Ward 45: 

Harry J. Busch 
Samuel S. Cohon 
Norman J. Dinkel 
Alvin Edelman 
Bernard L. Edelman 
Theodore L. Forsberg 
Adolph E. Gentzel 
George E. Gilbertson 
Chester L. Harris 
S. Jesmer 
John M. Kanne 
Hamilton Klorfine 
Irving L. Kruger 
Charles Kuckel 

Ward 46: 

Maurice Alschuler 
Gustav S. Andreen 
Max Arkin 
Stanley C. Armstrong 



Joseph S. Langer 
George F. Scheck 



J. Arthur Miller 

Victor C. Milliken 

Walter H. Moses 

Charles E. Peace 

Frank P. Prete 

Harold P. Shane 

Oscar D. Stern 

Harry A. White 

Sidney J. Wolf 

William R. Woodburn 

Herbert Norton Woodward 



John S. Miller 
Jonas Roseland 
Ralph Rosen 
Jeffrey Shedd 
Albert Healy Werner 



Arno Carl Kunz 
Bernard W. Mages 
George T. Mannion 
Theodore P. Nutt 
James A. O'Connell 
Arthur T. Olsen 
David C. Ruttenberg 



Sidney M. Libit 
Henry H. Marks 
Frank J. Marx 
Jacob Jud Mitnick 
Kenneth S. Nathan 
Theo Nemoyer 
Gustave Neuberg 
Seymour B. Orner 
Bernard M. Serlin 
Samuel Shamberg 
Louis Sheldon 
Benjamin L. Weisman 
Melvin F. Wingersky 
Paul Ziffern 



Horman H. Arons 
Morris Aronson 
Leonard A. Ash 
John W. Bennett 



(Continued) 



397 



COOK COUNTY [Chicago Advisory Boards— Ward 46]— Continued 



Seymour R. Blankstein 
Joseph H. Braun 
William S. Collen 
Irving H. Cooper 
Maurice S. Dolin 
Stanley K. Feinberg 
William E. Gainer 
Sol W. Harris 
Bernard T. Hecht 
Henry Heineman 
David W. Kahane 
Clyde L. Korman 
Edward Charles KosKoba 
Ira Lasker 
Brunson MacChesney 

Ward 47: 

Varian B. Adams 
Henry Barrett Chamberlin 
Robert J. Collins 
Charles G. Fendt 

Ward 48: 

William A. Cannon 
John J. Dobry 
Homer A. Dodge 
Isidore Fried 
Joseph Jarrett 
John J. Kelly, Jr. 
Clifford A. Kiracofe 
Ralph H. Lockwood 
M. George Livingston 

Ward 49: 

C. Henry Austin 
Ralph A. Berkowitz 
Leo L. Brunhild 
Joseph F. Charash 
Emmet J. Cleary 
James F. de la Motte 
John Cornelius Hayes 
Ira W. Hurley 
Frederick C. Jonas 
Edward J. McArdle, Jr. 
Erwin L. Martay 

Ward 50: 

Irving Bilton 
Joseph W. Cox 
William Edward Devrr 
Coll Gillies 
Paul A. Neuffer 
William P. O'Kerfe 



Ian P. MacDonald 
Henry J. McDonald 
Frank G. Marshall 
Morton A. Mergentheim, Jr. 
Sidney Mintz 
Sidney C. Nierman 
Israel B. Perlman 
Rudolph P. Perlman 
Walter S. Rady 
Donald A. Ritholz 
Harry S. Stark 
Aaron L. Stein 
George Sugarman 
Donald P. Vail 
Marvin Wallenstein 



James E. Marshall 
Walter C. Palmer 
Herman V. Silvertrust 
Daniel S. Tauman 



David B. Maloney 
Leroy J. Neiman 
Robert J. Nordhold 
Joseph P. Power 
Abraham Redman 
Edward H. Rosenberg 
Samuel Schein 
Robert D. Warner 



Alexander J. Moody 
Raymond J. Moudry 
George W. Ott 
Edward W. Parlee 
Thomas A. Reynolds 
Sidney L. Robin 
Francis J. Rooney 
Clifford K. Rubin 
Herbert Schoenbrod 
Benjamin J. Schultz 
Pressly L. Stevenson 



Samuel D. Rothman 
James G. Sheridan 
Percival E. Thompson 
Willett F. Weber 
Christian C. Zillman, Jr. 



(Continued) 



39R 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CHICAGO HEIGHTS No. 1 

Location: 1637 Halsted Street 

Registration: 6424 

Men furnished to armed forces : 

Personnel: 

Fred W. Landsea M 
Arthur J. Poorman M 
Ray Harley Powell M 
Emmett C. Richards M 
Bernard J. Schwoeffermann 
Lee W. Carrier GA 
Ernest A. Lawler GA 
Howard P. Roe GA 
Dr. Paul Ashley XP 
Dr. Spencer P. Blim XP 
Dr. Warren C. Blim XP 
Dr. Harry W. Dale XP 
Dr. Henry B. Donaldson XP 
Dr. Edward F. Hay XP 
Dr. Raymond McCradie XP 
Dr. A. H. Pannenborg XP 
Dr. Jean Pilot XP 



2298 



M 



Dr. Lionel Drues XD 
Charles Fahlstrom RC 
B. N. Landeen RC 
Henry Leader RC 
Arthur V. Bishop AB 
Anthony J. Ciarlo AB 
Chris D. Gregory AB 
Dorman Jaffe AB 
William F. Kennedy AB 
Carl W. McGehee AB 
Robert A. Meier, Jr. AB 
Apollo Palionis AB 
George L. Shapiro AB 
Stanley A. Wilczynski AB 
Charles F. Kirgis C 
Hattie L. Poison C 
Margaret H. Soderholm C 



CICERO CITY No. 1 

Location: 2502 South 52nd Avenue 

Registration: 5840 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1966 

Personnel: 

Fred E. Beuthin M 

James P. Dewey M 

Laddie James Houska M 

William A. Kaczmarek M 

Jerry Karlovsky M 

James G. Kostakis M 

George A. Morava M 

Jerome G. Zahradka M 

Felix A. Zdrojewski M 

Edmund E. Placzek GA 

Dr. A. E. Dennison XP 

Dr. Chester Fouser XP 

Dr. Daniel Haffron XP 

Dr. Gerald Anthony Hancur XP 

Dr. J. G. Hatzis XP 



Dr. Otto W. Hinn XP 
Dr. James C. McLallen XP 
Dr. C. N. Vetten XP 
Dr. Richard L. Voller XP 
Dr. M.J. Cunat XD 
Dr. L. M.Koch XD 
Jerry Brousil AB 
E. Marvin Capouch AB 
Henry Kavina AB 
Phyllis A. Mlyniec AB 
Julius Skrydlewski AB 
Frank E. Stacknik AB 
Kenneth E. Bartlett C 
Alveda 0. Larson C 
Cecile Stepanek C 



(Continued) 



399 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 



CICERO CITY No. 2 

Location: 5015 West Cermak Road 

Registration: 5908 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1724 

Personnel : 

John E. Carlander M 
Jerome J. Cerny M 
Joseph T. Faust M 
Louis Mongreig M 
John F. Polakovic M 
Peter Tampoorlos M 
John A. Zvetina GA 
Dr. Benjamin Cohen XP 
Dr. Irving Frank XP 
Dr. Richard J. Humel XP 
Dr. George H. Rezek XP 
Dr. John C. Smith XP 



Dr. William F. Franta XD 
Anton Jecmen RC 
Jerry Fred Justin RC 
John B. Bernard AB 
Frank J. Dusak AB 
Frank S. Matousek AB 
Albert Mysogland AB 
Miles Wlodek AB 
Marguerite Homan C 
Marie A. Lewis C 
Charles C. Miller C 



CICERO CITY No. 3 

Location: 2244 Laramie Avenue 

Registration: 6059 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1960 

Personnel: 

William J. Chmelik M 
Vincent W. J. Chvala M 
E. J. Krametbauer M 
August J. Nestroy M 
Thomas J. Pawlowski M 
James H. Richards M 
Frank M. Skrzydlewski M 
John J. Sherlock GA 
Dr. William F. Ashley XP 
Dr. George J. Brevis XP 
Dr. Frank H. Deane XP 
Dr. Samuel L. Fried XP 
Dr. Francis J. Griffin XP 
Dr. Stanley R. Palutsis XP 



Joseph G. Stone XP 
Dr. A. A. Thieda XP 
Dr. Frank Paulich XD 
Dr. L. J. Pavlicek XD 
Richard W. Hoffman RC 
Roy 0. Pearson RC 
Harold E. Jaeger AB 
Frank D. Kay AB 
Joseph B. Kovarik AB 
Adrian Theriault AB 
J. J. Viterna AB 
Edmund Z. Jerawski C 
Madeline L. Nieman C 
Kathryn G. Sherlock C 



EVANSTON CITY No. 1 

Location: 605 Davis Street, 

Registration: 4289 

Men furnished to armed forces : 890 

Personnel : 

William E. Abell M 
David Beaton, Jr. M 
Howell G. Jenkins M 
John J. Louis M 
Edward E. Meyer M 
Richard L. Simonsen M 
Lambert Kaspers GA 
Dr. John R. Merriman XP 
Dr. William E. O'Neil XP 
Dr. Verne W. Swigert XP 
Dr. J. Lisle Williams XP 
Dr. Herbert E. Midgley XD 



Dr. Melvin A. Root, Jr. 
Sidney A. Bent RC 
R. E. Greene RC 
Edwin H. Shanks RC 
John J. Flynn AB 
Otis Lowell Hastings AB 
Charles H. Watson AB 
Wadsworth Watts AB 
Olive G. Hanson C 
Eileen Mary Rogers C 
Betty J. Whitmore C 
Emory Hall Vickers C 



XD 



(Continued) 



400 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

EVANSTON CITY No. 2 

Location: 605 Davis Street 

Registration: 5977 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1972 

Personnel: 

Edward T. Arnold M 
J. Allen Battle M 
Barre Blumenthal M 
Frederick C. Hack M 
Arthur W. Rogers M 
William J. Shea M 
Edwin W. Smedberg M 
Victor M. Langsett GA 
Philip H. Treacy GA 
Dr. Joseph Blech XP 
Dr. Seth E. Brown XP 
Dr. Walter C. Burket XP 
Dr. Joseph D. Croft XP 



Dr. Lawrence J. Crowley XP 
Dr. A. Rudolph Penn XP 
Dr. Gentz Perry XP 
Dr. John C. Washington XP 
Dr. L. V. Stephenson XD 
John W. Cook, Jr. RC 
B. Franklin E. Ricker, Jr. RC 
Andrew D. Collins AB 
Ralph G. Crandall AB 
William R. Ewen AB 
Ira E. Westbrook AB 
Lawrence S. Hellstrom C 
Bernice Lillian Johnson C 



EVANSTON CITY No. 3 

Location : 605 Davis Street 

Registration: 5415 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1262 

Personnel: 

David T. Bjork M 

Addison L. Gardner M 

Arlington C. Harvey M 

E. R. Hughes M 

Carl R. Latham M 

Arthur H. Meyer M 

Arnold H. Svebilius M 

William M. Keeley GA 

Dr. William H. Droegemueller XP 

Dr. James I. Farrell XP 

Dr. Lawrence J. Lawson XP 

Dr. George J. Leibold XP 

Dr. Lenard C. Mulder XP 

Dr. James D. Pierce XP 



Dr. Marshall Underhill XP 
Dr. W. L. Waner XP 
Dr. 0. E. Scott XD 
Robert E. James RC 
Robert E. Redell RC 
Gaylord C. Burke AB 
Francis Joseph Koch AB 
Charles H. Lerch AB 
R. Malcolm McKershar AB 
Thomas B. Martineau AB 
Nelson Gregory Wettling AB 
Clayton S. Lasher C 
Jean G. Payne C 
Alvah T. Terry C 



MAYWOOD CITY No. 1 

Location: 507 Washington Boulevard 

Registration: 6962 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1948 

Personnel: 

Howard Earl Carr M 

Russell W. Cochran M 

Edmund J. Engel M 

George S. HaU M 

Arne B. Hummeland M 

John Peters MD-M 

Irving C. Richards M 

Arthur C. Silber M 



Henry L. Warner M 
Jesse Marcus GA 
Dr. Leon F. Beall XP 
Dr. S. W. Coffman XP 
Dr. Walter C. Lovejoy XP 
Dr. Meredith B. Murray XP 
Dr. Robert L. Reynolds XP 
Dr. Morris Rosenthal XP 

(Continued) 



401 



COOK COUNTY [Ma> wood Board No. 1]— Continued 



Dr. Harold E. Smith XP 

Dr. Charles E. Wiley XP 

Dr. Robert Nicholas Warren XD 

Dr. H. L. Akin XD 

Dr. M. E. Smerling XD 

W. L. Castleman XD 



James R. Kozel RC 
Jacob E. Dittus AB 
Albert A. Gloor AB 
Fred B. Huebenthal AB 
Benjamin R. Morin C 
Alma B. Solberg C 



OAK PARK CITY No. 1 

Location : 255 Augusta Street 

Registration: 5226 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1311 

Personnel : 

Edmund W. Getke M 
George R. Happe M 
Randolph C. Harris M 
Joseph H. Hester M 
Emory F. Schneider M 
Joseph P. Simons M 
Benjamin M. Stout M 
Neil M. Thomson, Jr. M 
Major Louis L. Ticktin M 
W. Scott Hodges GA 
Rex Mackenzie GA 
Dr. Leslie W. Beebe XP 
Dr. Robert S. Harwood XP 
Dr. Reid 0. Howser XP 
Dr. G. E. Linden XP 
Dr. Vernon D. Nerger XP 
Dr. William A. Ribbeck XP 



Dr. E. A. Prugh XD 
Dr. Spencer W. Magnuson XD 
L. H. Fritzemeier RC 
Andrew F. Hole RC 
Roy R. Barr AB 
William S. Bishop AB 
Emile 0. Bloche AB 
Robert E. Corcoran AB 
Walter F. Cunningham AB 
John E. Gavin AB 
Raymond L. McVean AB 
William J. McCormack AB 
Clyde E. Shorey AB 
Benjamin M. Stout AB 
Gay R. Harrington C 
Anne M. Neville C 
Phyllis W. Petrie C 



OAK PARK CITY No. 2 

Location: 1011 Lake Street, Oak Park 

Registration: 4409 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1031 

Personnel : 

Joseph R. Dorfman M 

John R. Hackett M 

Olaf A. Finhold M 

Frederick A. Rowe, Jr. M 

Charles F. Lorenzen M 

Bernard M. Lockard M 

Alvin V. Nygren M 

Charles E. McGuire GA 

Harold F. Scovel GA 

Dr. George D. Allen XP 

Dr. Cecil Cooper XP 

Dr. Ralph M. DiCosola XP 

Dr. J. R. Hawkins XP 

Dr. Andrew Jerome Hurter XP 

Dr. Hilerd W. Jenkins XP 

Dr. John F. Kluzak XP 

Dr. J. C. McMillan XP 

Dr. William B. Marcusson XP 



Dr. C. Otis Smith XP 
Dr. John W. Stastny XP 
Dr. Henry E. Swantz XP 
Dr. Arthur R. Weihe XP 
Dr. James K. Betty XD 
Dr. L. F. A. Hein XD 
Dr. Robert W. Wirth XD 
Randall H. Cooper RC 
Martin A. Donlan RC 
Maurice O'Connor RC 
Edward I. DeBolt AB 
Claude H. Coon AB 
Donovan Y. Erickson AB 
Edward H. Fiedler AB 
Moore M. Peregrine AB 
Mabel P. Keevan C 
Margaretta S. Pierson C 
Mildred E. Willett C 

(Continued) 



402 



COOK COUNTY— Continued 

OAK PARK CITY No. 3 

Location : 325 Harrison Street, Oak Park 

Registration: 4484 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1240 

Personnel : 

Capt. Herbert Bach M 
Alex Bezjian M 
A. C. Busche M 
William P. Churchill M 
Herman James Holle M 
Rev. George R. Keepin M 
Harry J. Lossau M 
Roy W. Richards M 
Thomas H. Murray GA 
Dr. K. M. Anderson XP 
Dr. Robert B. Hemphill XP 
Dr. H. M. Leaf XP 



Dr. Arvid E. Westerdahl XP 
Dr. N. M. Maxson XD 
Dr. Howard J. Quigley XD 
Edwin M. Duzan RC 
David C. Slagle RC 
Harold J. Hopkinson AB 
James A. Knowlton AB 
Frank A. Lyon AB 
Marguerite L. Lembke C 
Margaret A. Schuetze C 
Jerome J. Vavrock C 



EXAMINING PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS ASSIGNED TO 
GROUP EXAMINING BOARDS IN COOK COUNTY: 



Group 1: 

Harry E. Barnett MD 
Elmer Bernstein MD 
Arnold Black MD 
Robert I. Cutts MD 
Charles B. David MD 
Edmund R. Donoghue MD 
Julius L. Fried MD 
Leo S. Gelfand MD 
James Goodfriend MD 
C. L. Hoff MD 
Willard Z. Kerman MD 
Lawrence R. Leviton MD 
Matthew Lewison MD 
S. B. Mannel MD 



Louis Marks MD 
I. Marion McFadden MD 
M, Otsuka MD 
Seymour L. Pollack MD 
William Requarth MD 
Fred P. Robbins MD 
Daniel D. Sax MD 
Arthur J. Shapiro MD 
G. W. Smith, Jr. MD 
William Weisberg MD 
Harold Werbel MD 
Harvey White MD 
Wayne Wong MD 
V. B. Sorensen DDS 



Group 2: 

Deactivated and merged with other groups. 



Group 3: 

Henry Hoeksema MD 
0. I. Jacobson MD 
E. G. Jonaitis MD 

B. B. Kopstein MD 
Louis Lebovitz MD 

C. B. Olney MD 



Group 4: 

Samuel J. Mark 

Group 5: 

John W. Wall 



MD 



J. W. Stocks MD 
L. M. Dochterman DDS 
R. W. Houghtaylen DDS 
Francis A. Napolilli DDS 
Jerome Robbins DDS 



Sidney Goren MD 



MD 



Warren Lutton MD 



(Continued) 



403 



COOK COUNTY [Group Examining Boards]— Continued 



Group 6: 

Frank DeTrana MD 
Louis Feinberg MD 
Clifford H. Peters MD 
G. Walter Dittmar, Jr. MD 

Group 7: 

John B. Batko MD 
Charles A. Burkholder MD 
Nicholas Capos MD 
Nathaniel B. Lans MD 

Group 8: 

John R. Cochran MD 
M. R. Guttman MD 

Group 9: 

John J. Brosman MD 
Charles J. Caul MD 

Group 10: 

Louis L. Beehler MD 
Charles L. Bidwell MD 
Henry W. Cheney MD 
Ralph H.Kuhns MD 

Group 1 1 : 

Herbert F. Binswanger MD 
Morris W. Lev MD 
Philip Lewin MD 

Group 12: 

Otto J. Jirsa MD 
John M. Krasa MD 
L. M. Marley MD 

Group 14: 

A. H. Andrews, Jr. MD 
William J. Baker MD 
Benjamin Boshes MD 
Richard B. Capps MD 
Faris F. Chesley MD 
James Wilson Clark MD 
Chester Coggeshall MD 
Clifford L. Dougherty MD 
George K. Fenn MD 
T. P. Grauer MD 
J. M. L. Jensen MD 
John L. Lindquist MD 
Selim W. Mc Arthur MD 
Foster L. McMillan MI) 

Group 15: 

L. C. DeLozier MD 
H. Kelikian MD 



Wayne J. Kinsinger MD 
Waldemar A. Link MD 
Kenneth C. Washburn MD 



S. H. Soboroff MD 
Carl Solander MD 
Louis E. Stern MD 
Carroll W. Stuart MD 



Henrv D. Feuerlicht DDS 
A. M. Schoenbrod DDS 



Francis C. Murphy MD 
J. Glen Powers MD 



Jeremiah E. Leahy MD 
Thomas E. Leahy MD 
John C. Wall MD 
Carl H. Banks DDS 



Samuel Perlow MD 
Albert J. Simon MD 



C. A. Sima MD 

B. C. Steinbrechter MD 



R. G. McMillan MD 
Earl M. Merz MD 
Guy V. Pontius MD 
C. 0. Rinder MD 
Edwin M. Smith, Jr. MD 
Alfred P. Solomon MD 
E. Lee Strohl MD 
Walter H. Theobald MD 
Howard Wakefield MD 
Walter J. Bittman DDS 
William H. Holmes DDS 
K. E. Shearon DDS 



Gilbert H. Marquardt MD 

(Continued) 



404 



COOK COUNTY [Group Examining Boards] — Continued 



Group 16: 

Joseph Baratz MD 
John G. Bellows .MD 
Adolph M. Brown MD 
Morey Chapman MD 
Maurice I. Edelman MD 
L. H. Gorfinkel MD 
Curt S. Grombacher MD 
A. H. Herman MD 
L. D. Joseph MD 
Frank Kaiserman MD 
S. Alvin Loseff MD 



David Mansowit MD 
M. I. Saberman MD 
Ira Schnaer MD 
John D. Singer MD 
Joseph J. Singer MD 
Milton Steinberg MD 
Louis M. Steiner MD 
Henry B. Baum DDS 
N. S. Durbrow DDS 
S. Y. Rosenberg DDS 



Group 17: 

L. R. Brewer MD 
Vincent J. Gaul MD 

Group 18: 

R. F. Elmer MD 
A. C. Held MD 



Howard C. Riordan MD 
A. P. Vincenti MD 



J. J. Jurgens MD 
A. C. Peterson MD 



Group 19 : 

Victor Blum MD 
C. W. Briggs MD 
F. L. Chenoweth MD 
H. E. Davis MD 
John J. Drammis MD 
H. L. DuVries MD 
W. H. Gehl MD 
M. Goldenburg MD 
H. R. Kenny MD 
Rudolph Lackenbacher MD 
Frederick Mueller MD 
R. J. Murphy MD 



Ernest D. Nora MD 
Daniel A. Orth MD 
William F. Parrilli MD 
I. E. Schapiro MD 
Karl J. Scheribel MD 
M. J. Seifert MD 
William A. Simunich MD 
J. L. Spivack MD 
Francis B. Tabaka MD 
Leslie D. Urban MD 
Paul Morris Bell DDS 
Harvey Kargau DDS 



Group 20: 

N. J. Balsamo MD 
G. W. Bohr MD 
H. T. Horner MD 
L. J. Houda MD 
F. J. Kotalik MD 



L. B. Newman MD 
C. T. Roe MD 
0. M. Walter MD 
M. I. Lehr DDS 



Group 21: 

Dudley B. Reed MD 
Charles L. Spurr MD 



James D. Wharton MD 



Group 22 : 

Aaron Arkin MD 
Eric C. Benton MD 
Hardin E. Coen MD 
Jacques Cooper MD 
Harry Cotell MD 
Israel Davidsohn MD 
Louis Edidin MD 
Nathan Falk MD 
E. J. Feinhandler MD 



J. Gault MD 
Richard Gordon MD 
Seymour Greenwald MD 
Harry A. Gussin MD 
Albert H. Jenkins MD 
Abraham S. Kanne MD 
Samuel I. Kaufman MD 
A. M. Lazar MD 
Maurice Lewison MD 



(Continued) 



405 



COOK COUNTY [Group Examining Boards]— Continued 



Joseph J. Lubin MD 
Stephen Manheimer MD 
L. A. Maslow MD 
Leo F. Miller MD 
I. A. Rabans MD 
S. R. Rubert MD 
Leslie Schwartz MD 



B. B. Shapiro MD 
M. G. Spiesman MD 
Isadore M. Trace MD 
Stefan Van Wien MD 
S. J. Zakon MD 
Solomon S. Levadi DDS 
Leonard J. Sherwin DDS 



Group 23: 

George J. Bilek MD 
Walter H. Buhlig MD 
Marion j. Filipiak MD 
John H. Garwacki MD 
Jacob A. Goodhart MD 
A. Phillip Hess MD 
Roy M. Hohman MD 
Arthur G. Johnson MD 
G. Erman Johnson MD 
Richard D. Kearney MD 
J. H. F. O'Neil MD 
Rudolph W. Overby MD 
W. Walter Sittler MD 



J. R. Smith MD 
Francis S. Szvmczak MD 
C. F. Weinberger MD 
A. C. Wendt, Sr. MD 
Alfred C. Wendt, Jr. MD 
Matthew R. Deplewski MD 
Henrv E. Fonjemie DDS 
S. S. Holzman DDS 
Bernard J. Knitter DDS 
I. H. Libman DDS 
S. J. Pacer DDS 
Michael Vitek DDS 



Group 24: 

Peter Bartkus MD 
Andrew Dick MD 
Dominic DiCiro MD 
Rosario Drago MD 
James L. Foley MD 
Charles P. Galanti MD 
James G. Gallagher MD 
William H. Golub MD 
Edward J. Krol MD 
Edward R. Michaels MD 



John Edward Patt MD 
John Francis Ruzic MD 
Frank Saletta MD 
John Simonaitis MD 
Edward Szczurek MD 
Vincent Torczynski MD 
Joseph Ruzic DDS 
Edward C. Thomas DDS 
Vincent Zopel DDS 



Group 25: 

William E. Carey MD 
Alfred Lewy MD 



John VanProhaska MD 



Group 26: 

Frank T. Coote MD 
Maurice Dome MD 
Emory Fenwick MD 
R. B. Gaines MD 
Julius M. Glasser MD 
Edward F. Hess MD 
B. T. Hoffman MD 
Minas Joannides MD 
Oscar H. Kraft MD 
Leo J. Latz MD 
Frank B. Lusk MD 
Louis A. Manelli MD 



Louis M. Munson MD 
Daniel E. Murphy MD 
Frederick A. Rettig MD 
Michael Serio MD 
Theodore Steinert MD 
William J. Swift MD 
Leonard M. Wagner MD 
Edward W. White MD 
Walter Zurndorfer MD 
V. G. Urse MD 
Louis A. Friedrich DDS 



Group 27: 

W. F. Kalisz MD 

Casimir L. Jakubowski MD 



Gcrvaise P. Pallasch MD 

(Continued) 



406 



COOK COUNTY [Group Examining Boards]— Continued 
Group 28: 



Bernard M. Chapman MD 
J. A. Kohn MD 

Group 29: 

Henry Barancik MD 
Daniel E. Clark MD 
Tibor Czeisler MD 
Frank E. Mead MD 

Group 30 : 

T. J. Echerer MD 
I. J. Seheer MD 
N. F. Schwartz MD 

Group 32: 

Carl W. Apfelbach MD 
Charles M. Bacon MD 
Leo K. Campbell MD 
Arthur E. Diggs MD 
John M. Dorsey MD 
Egbert H. Fell MD 
Stanton Friedberg MD 
Henry Halley, Jr. MD 
Robert E. Johanneson MD 
R. L. Kesler MD 
Alvah A. Knight MD 
Stanley E. Lawton MD 
James W. Merricks MD 
William F. Moncreiff MD 

Group 33: 

Leonidas H. Berrv MD 
William D. Giles DDS 

Group 34: 

H. H. Epstein MD 
J. D. Kirshbaum MD 
Harry Leventhal MD 

Group 35 : 

A. F. Akkeron MD 
Edward J. Ginnan MD 
Raymond H. Grunt MD 
Edward A. Mladick MD 



Herman M. Slutske MD 
Robert M. Denton DDS 



Herman Louis Mishkin MD 
E. A. Proby MD 
Carl G. Sachtleben MD 
Raymond B. White MD 



James Valentine MD 
J. W. Phillips DDS 
George Sheafer DDS 



Bertram G. Nelson MD 
Evans W. Pernokis MD 
Wyatt S. Roberts MD 
Walter H. Segall MD 
George Shambaugh, Jr. AID 
Younger A. Staton MD 
Georse W. Stuppy MD 
R. ET Talbott MD 
Frank V. Theis MD 
William A. Thomas MD 
James R. Webster MD 
Merrill Killip DDS 
Kay L. Thompson. Jr. DDS 



Walter H. Hackh 



DDS 



Benjamin Seid MD 
Roger VanAtta MD 
Samuel W. Werch DDS 



Allen R. Morrison MD 
Walter V. Norak MD 
Herbert P. Rasche MD 



407 



CRAWFORD COUNTY 



CRAWFORD COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Robinson State Bank Building, Robinson 

Registration : 4904 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1664 

Personnel : 



Isaac Adin Blake M 
William E. Bradbury M 
Orian CJyde Caldwell M 
Paul B. Harper M 
Joseph C. Hewitt M 
William A. Midgett M 
Lawrence A. Rhodes M 
Harry L. Thompson M 
William A. McCarty GA 
Dr. J. W. Carlisle XP 
Dr. Roy Griffy XP 
Dr. George H. Henry XP 
Dr. L. B. Highsmith XP 
Dr. John A. Ikemire XP 
Dr. Levi R. Illyes XP 
Dr. John W. Long XP 
Dr. Leslie P. Sloan XP 
Dr. Paul E. Smith XP 
Dr. Charles H. Voorheis XP 
Dr. E. G. Stephens XD 
Paul Elisha Hammer RC 
Leslie R. Seligman RC 
William B. Arnold AB 
A. 0. Bottenfield AB 



J. Stanley Bradbury AB 
O. H. Buck AB 
Leonard Chapman AB 
Carroll Cox AB 
Manford E. Cox AB 
Caswell J. Crebs AB 
J. C. Eagleton AB 
Richard H. Eagleton AB 
Chella R. Gullett AB 
A. Hanby Jones AB 
Charles E. Jones AB 
Joseph R. MacHatton AB 
P. G. McCarty AB 
W. A. McCarty AB 
H. E. Musgrave AB 
T. J. Newlin AB 
G. K. Phillips AB 
0. L. Plunkett AB 
C. M. Weger AB 
E. C. Wesner AB 
Ray E. Wesner AB 
George M. Clements C 
Mrs. Mary Shaw C 
John S. Woodworth C 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY No. 1 
Location: Rhodes Building, Toledo 
Registration: 2580 
Men furnished to armed forces : 740 
Personnel : 

John Alexander M 

Walter H. Bingiman M 

Bert C. Birdzell M 

Dr. Charles E. Goodman M 

Frank J. Lawlor M 

Edgar A. Neal M 

Carl R. Ozier M 

George E. Spence M 

Charles F. Wilson M 

Max Young M 

Wilton A. Carr GA 

Dr. Walter R. Rhodes XP 



Dr. H. L. Gresens XD 
Gar Borden RC 
Nicholas F. Ettelbrick, Jr. 
M. C. Everhart RC 
Walter Brewer, Jr. AB 
Charles M. Conner AB 
Theodore 0. Cutright AB 
Irene Dugan AB 
Glen D. Neal AB 
George D. Ozee AB 
Erma Pauline Titus C 
Marion S. Underwood C 



RC 



m:; 



DEKALB COUNTY 



DE KALB COUNTY No. 1 

Location: County Court House, Sycamore 

Registration : 4522 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1121 

Personnel: 

Oliver M. Barcus M 
Arthur U. Dodge M 
Guy Lanan M 
Thomas F. Olsen M 
Thomas J. Ronin M 
DeEstin L. Pasley GA 
Dr. L. B. Bagnall XP 
Dr. Paul L. Bergstrom XP 
Dr. Carl E. Clark XP 
Dr. George H. Joost XP 
Dr. Ivan Radeff XP 
Dr. Howard D. Spafford XP 



Dr. Grant Suttie XP 
Dr. D. 0. Thompson XP 
Dr. G. E. Boardman XD 
Dr. H. W. Hennis XD 
Dr. E. C. Miller XD 
Louis Dunn RC 
Glenn W. Reynolds RC 
Helen L. Basler C 
Elsie Decker C 
Helen R. Eddy C 
Bert B. Stroberg C 



DE KALB COUNTY No. 2 

Location : County Court House, Sycamore 

Registration: 4155 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1025 

Personnel: 

PaulV. Eakle M 

Edward E. Gallagher M 

Gottlieb D. Hueber M 

Harry A. Joslyn M 

William M. McAllister M 

Guy W. Morgan M 

Elof Olson M 

Lucius D. Sears M 

A. M. Thompson M 

Robert E. White M 

Preston Woods M 

Carl W. Kellman GA 

Ross E. Millet GA 

L. Frank Moudry GA 

Dr. S. L. Anderson XP 

Dr. E. C. Burton XP 

Dr. Paul W. Carney XP 

Dr. Robert G. Dakin XP 

Dr. J. C. Ellis XP 

Dr. George W. Finley XP 

Advisory Board Members 

Lowell B. Smith 
George Spitz 
G. E. Stott 
F. E. Brower 
Dennis J. Collins 
Roy W. Cook 
Truman Crowell 
Eugene Donnelly 



Dr. P. I. Hopkins XP 
Dr. Robert S. Keller XP 
Dr. Dwight J. Ladd XP 
Dr. F. B. Moore XP 
Dr. Caryl Nelson XP 
Dr. George W. Nesbitt XP 
Dr. John W. Ovitz XP 
Dr. J. S. Rankin XP 
Dr. Fred E. Scheppler XP 
Dr. Clifford E. Smith XP 
Dr. Harold J. Trapp XP 
Dr. Howard L. Jennings XD 
Dr. Norman Ogilvie XD 
Dr. Ralph E. Curry RC 
Howard G. Seldomridge RC 
R. W. Storey RC 
Gilbert Blackman C 
Adelaide Frenier C 
Melen M. Knudson C 



for De Kail. Countv 



Harris D. Fisk 
William Lankton 
Harry C. Lewis 
Lewis M. Long 
Harry W. McEwen 
H. E. Mann 
Roy Racine 



409 



DEWITT COUNTY 



DE WITT COUNTY No. 1 

Location: 701 x /i North Side Public Square, Clinton 
Registration: 4103 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1222 
Personnel : 



Melvin J. Bordner M 
Gordon V. Day M 
Lee Fosnaugh M 
Russell Eugene Spainhour 
Harry T. Swigart M 
Dr. R. A. Thompson M 
Edwin S. Wightman M 
John Bedinger GA 
Arthur F. Miller GA 
George J. Smith GA 
William F. Smith GA 
Dr. Fred M. Blome XP 
Dr. C. S. Bogardus XP 
Dr. Charles W. Carter XP 



M 



Dr. C. W. Hull XP 
Dr. Owen E. W. Nowlin XP 
Dr. Wilfred J. Nowlin XP 
Dr. John L. Dixon XD 
Frank T. Greene RC 
Harlow M. Stensel RC 
L. S. Collins AB 
George B. Marvel AB 
Grover W. Watson AB 
Raymond H. Wilson AB 
Wilma R. Adams C 
David W. Isenhour C 
Alice L. Lynch C 
Orpha M. Wellman C 



DOUGLAS COUNTY 



DOUGLAS COUNTY No. 1 

Location: County Court House, Tuscola 

Registration : 3986 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1091 

Personnel: 

Jesse T. Brock M 
John R. Henson M 
Richard Clyde Horton M 
Dr. M. E. Lollar M 
Ward S. Maris M 
Jack J. Melody M 
George E. Nichols GA 
Dr. W. C. Blaine XP 
Dr. J. 0. Cletcher XP 
Dr. C. L. Hine XD 
Dr. M. M. Lossman XD 



Earl Busby RC 
George A. Jones RC 
Paul J. Cunningham AB 
Harley C. Helm AB 
Harold C. Jones AB 
James F. Lemna AB 
Edwin F. Meister AB 
Harry L. Pate AB 
Jean Y. Eastin C 
Mary Alice Gillispie C 
Ruby B. Taylor C 



410 



DUPAGE COUNTY 



DU PAGE COUNTY No. 1 

Location: 104 Main Street, West Chicago 

Registration: 6427 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1626 

Personnel: 

Theodore Bauer M 

Fred Best M 

Dr. Earl E. Byerrum M 

Conrad S. Hegstrom M 

Wesley Inthout M 

Ralph W. Marshall M 

Harry B. Pearson M 

William H. Stark M 

James C. Baker GA 

John S. Woodward GA 

Dr. John T. Breme XP 

Dr. James P. Campbell XP 

Dr. Bruce A. Hollister XP 

Dr. Paul A. Isherwood XP 

Dr. Matthew W. James XP 



Dr. J. W. Lane XP 

Dr. Henry F. Langhorst XP 

Dr. Walter L. Migely XP 

Dr. Emil H. Oelke XP 

Dr. William C. Perkins XP 

Dr. George F. Schroeder XP 

Dr. H. H. Volberding XP 

Dr. Clayton S. Whitehead XP 

Dr. T. L. Jones XD 

Willard Robert Buchanan RC 

David A. Phillips RC 

Theresa A. Besch C 

Aura H. Curran C 

Violet M. Murray C 

Marion L. Veale C 



DU PAGE COUNTY No. 2 

Location: Liberty Building, Wheaton 

Registration: 6416 

Men furnished to armed forces : 1536 

Personnel: 

George A. Erickson M 

Fllis C. Hutcheon M 

George T. Jennings M 

Fred C. Landorf M 

Edward F. Schultz M 

Frank J. Sheldon M 

Harold E. Splon M 

Joseph C. Thor M 

Benjamin A. Piper GA 

Dr. Willard J. Berwanaer XP 

Dr. Dan D. Jamison XP 

Dr. A. B. Jones XP 

Dr. L. J. Kunsch XP 

Dr. Stanley G. Law XP 



Dr. Winfred B. Martin XB 
Dr. A. R. Rikli XP 
Dr. Cloyd L. Pugh XP 
Dr. John H. Raach XP 
Dr. Richard F. Schiele XP 
Dr. Roy S. Schluchter XD 
Lee W. Brierton RC 
N. C. Knapp RC 
Joseph W. Kriebs RC 
James L. Nichols RC 
Clarence M. Sullivan RC 
Virginia Alexander C 
Arlene E. Campbell C 
Clara E. Welter C 



DU PAGE COUNTY No. 3 

Location : 355 South Ardmore Avenue, Villa Park 
Registration : 7544 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1763 
Personnel : 

Jerome C. Alderman M 
James B. Cassidy M 
Charles H. Cress M 
Timothy Lehmann M 
John E. McCov M 
John F. Nichols M 



John E. Pherigo M 
Theodore F. Ashford 
Alben F. Bates GA 
George C. Potts GA 
William Webster GA 
Dr. A. D. Chidlow XP 



GA 



(Continued) 



411 



DU PAGE COUNTY [County Board No. 3]— Continued 



Dr. Joseph P. Crabtree XP 
Dr. Walter W. Frank XP 
Dr. Edward Horick XP 
Dr. S. K. Lewis XP 
Dr. Edwin F. Neckerman XP 
Dr. A. C. Carlson XD 
Dr. Winifield S. Fisher XD 
Dr. Stephen F. French XD 



Dr. Paul W. Schroeder XD 
Dr. J. R. YanDenBrink XD 
Nick T. Hubert RC 
Dave Rodger RC 
Alice Seton Berens C 
Alice Daniels C 
Bert F. Davis C 
Nimma Wilks C 



DU PAGE COUNTY No. 4 

Location: 1001 Burlington Avenue, Downers Grove 

Registration: 6991 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1806 

Personnel : 



Stephen Ducay M 
Roy S. Erlandson M 
George A. Ferber M 
Newell H. Fishel M 
Harold T. Moore M 
Bernie F. Nesbit M 
Louis M. Oestmann M 
Edward Schuetz M 
Richmond D. Thomason M 
E. D. Timke M 
Harrv Lvnn Wheeland M 
C. W. Hadley GA 
Dr. Flovd M. Bravshaw XP 
Dr. William E. Bretz XP 
Dr. Keith L. Duncomhe XP 
Dr. Glenn G. Ehrler XP 
Dr. William W. Frank XP 
Dr. A. J. Hospers XP 
Dr. Charles I. Left XP 



Dr. August H. Lueders XP 
Dr. Roland P. Mackav XP 
Dr. R. F. Manning XP 
Dr. R. A. Matthies XP 
Dr. David L. Olinger XP 
Dr. L. W. Schneider XP 
Dr. Carl E. Schultz XP 
Dr. Herbert M. Stanton XP 
Dr. E. Field Worsley XP 
Dr. W. N. Kirby XD 
Alexander Clark RC 
C. E. Hacklander RC 
Herschel Hubbard RC 
Dr. George W. Roohte RC 
Betsy Northrup Keith C 
Florence H. Kellv C 
Ruth H. Monson C 
Ethel M. Robertson C 
May L. Seeger C 



Advisory Board Members for Du Page County 



Melvin F. Abrahamson 

Mark Bemis 

Joseph K. Blackman, Jr. 

Gordon C. Bunge 

Willard E. Cain 

Wilbur Dahn 

George F. Featherstone, Jr. 

William R. Friedrich 

R. A. Franzen 

William L. Guild. Jr. 

William E. Hooper 

Norman A. Hutchinson 

Edward C. Klein 

Michael Kross 



John D. Leedle 
Charles E. Loy 
John E. McCoy 
Charles L. Makemson 
Bruno Marschinke 
George C. Potts 
diaries J. Scofield. Jr. 
H. C. Strauschild 
Edgar F. Thoma 
J. E. Vandivere 
Frank E. Wardeckn 
Harrv G. Weaves 
Richard M. White 



412 



EDGAR COUNTY 



EDGAR COUNTY No. 1 

Location : County Court House. Paris 

Registration : 5503 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1388 

Personnel: 

Earley 0. Delap M 

Shelby S. Ewing M 

Otha J. Linebarger M 

Grady O'Hair M 

Carl McKinnev M 

W. Starr Mayer M 

J. Wilson Smith M 

Robert R. Tate M 

Harry E. Willms M 

T. S. Wright M 

Robert F. Cotton GA 

J. L. Sullivan GA 

Charles F. Tvm GA 

Dr. William A. Bittner XP 

Dr. Paul E. Fleener XP 

Dr. Fred J. James XP 

Dr. H. D. Junkin XP 

Dr. Francis M. Link XP 

Dr. John Wesley Martin XP 

Dr. G. 0. Ruff XD 

Charles Redden Clement RC 

Burl Z. Redman RC 

Rev. Paul R. Spierling RC 

Don H. Wright RC 



Robert L. Bane AB 
Otho R. Eaton AB 
Albert Eldredge AB 
Ward E. Dillavou AB 
Roger Fruin AB 
Raymond Hewitt AB 
H. L. Hutchins AB 
Grant Johnson AB 
0. Russell Jones AB 
Paul B. Lauher AB 
Raymond Mason AB 
Eddie Moren AB 
Harold Nimz AB 
Mason Oliver AB 
Carl C. Patrick AB 
Howard Ruff AB 
Hartman Schwartz AB 
Benjamin H. Redman AB 
Earl C. Sparks AB 
Frank Van Sellar AB 
Clifford White AB 
Betty Hancock C 
Ivan Howard C 
Jo Ann Link C 



EDWARDS COUNTY 



EDWARDS COUNTY No. 1 

Location : Schick Building. Albion 
Registration : 21 57 
Men furnished to armed forces: 670 
Personnel : 

Henry Abby M 

Edgar J. Brandon M 

Henrv J. Busefink M 

Dan Crackel M 

Elmer W. Doty M 

Aaron Martin Helck M 

William J. Warmoth M 

P. C. Walters GA 

Dr. Andrew J. Boston XP 

Dr. Andrew Krajec XP 

Dr. James L. McCorma^k XP 



Dr. Ross Lee Moter XP 
Dr. E. N. Henderson XD 
Earl Frankland RC 
James Fay Hardy RC 
Peter H. Bamberth AB 
Arch Bassett AB 
Roy E. Boyles AB 
Llovd J. Voyles AB 
Charles J. Walters AB 
Maud Gubbins C 
Pierce M. Williamson C 



413 



EFFINGHAM COUNTY 



EFFINGHAM COUNTY No. 1 

Location: 116 North Fifth Street, Effingham 

Registration: 5335 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1533 

Personnel: 

Harry Ebbert M 

John Gravenhorst M 

Yates Ingram M 

Russell Michaelree M 

Cheswold Robertson M 

Harriet J. Crown GA 

Howard Parker GA 

Maurice Anthony Rickelman GA 

Dr. F. L. Barthelme XP 

Dr. CM. Doty XP 

Dr. E. L. Damron XP 

Dr. W. J. Gillesby XP 

Dr. S. J. Hansen XP 

Dr. C. C. Holman XP 

Dr. S.F.Henry XP 

Dr. S. C. Lorton XP 

Dr. H. W. Schumacher XP 

Dr. D. H. Taphorn XP 

Dr. J. C. R. Wettstein XP 

Dr. C. M. Wright XP 

Dr. C. E. Bellchamber XD 

Dr. J. W.Hardy XD 

Dr. Stanley Hill XD 



Dr. L. 0. Kincaid XD 
Dr. G.I. Lewis XD 
Dr. J. R. Raney XD 
Dr. H. E. Winter XD 
Edward R. Davis RC 
Richard E. Wolters RC 
Frank Schneider j on RC 
A. L. Anderson AB 
George H. Bauer AB 
Ferd H. Hardiek AB 
W.S.Holmes AB 
Louis Krabbe AB 
M. C. McCallen AB 
G. F. Taylor AB 
Harold J. Taylor AB 
E. B. Tucker AB 
M. C. Wiedman AB 
David L. Wright AB 
Lester Wright AB 
Louis E. Grissom C 
Virginia A. Prater C 
Betty Zimmerman C 



FAYETTE COUNTY 



FAYETTE COUNTY No. 1 

Location: 214Y2 South 4th Street, Vandalia 

Registration: 6799 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1967 

Personnel: 

Kenneth E. Burnett M 

Fred Crumbaugh M 

Walter L. Darner M 

J. L. Gerkin M 

Charles H. Hackleman M 

Clarence W. Leever M 

James Frank Morr M 

John F. Senik M 

Will M.Albert GA 

Dr. D. H. Ecke XP 

Dr. Miller Greer XP 

Dr. Edward A. Kuehn XP 

Dr. A. R. Stanbery XP 

Dr. George Stanbery XP 

Dr. Glen Walker XP 

Dr. Arthur R. Whitefort XP 

Dr. E.J. Bost XD 

Dr. W. L. Hamm XD 



AB 



AB 



R. S. Denny RC 
Cecil Edward Grandfield 
J. G. Burnside AB 
Robert G. Burnside 
J. Ivan Cole AB 
Leon Green AB 
George F. Houston 
Ira McCollom AB 
F. Mark Miller AB 
Dr. M. E. Murray AB 
Charles R. Myers AB 
Richard Royal AB 
Charles R. Schulte AB 
W. F. Sonnermann \I> 
Will P. Welker \B 
Jane M. Denny ( ! 
Eloise Engelhanlt C 
Helen Walker C 



RC 



414 



FORD COUNTY 



FORD COUNTY No. 1 

Location: County Court House, Paxton 
Registration: 3522 
Men furnished to armed forces: 889 
Personnel : 

William L. Barnhart M 
Oliver C. Dilks M 
W. P. Kenward M 
Frank C. Linn M 
David Opperman M 
Eugene B. Radliff M 
Carl C.Shelby M 
William Sutton M 
Delmar E. Martensen GA 
E. J. Pacey GA 
Dr. J. A. Colteaux XP 
Dr. Robert N. Lane XP 
Dr. M. D. E, Peterson XP 
Dr. Albert L. Potts XP 
Dr. E. A. Tappan XP 
Dr. F. B. Stubbert XD 



Harold H. Hool RC 
William Overstreet RC 
A. C. Reynolds RC 
John Howard Benjamin 
Will M. Cannady AB 
Sidney H. Dilks AB 
Nobel G. Johnson AB 
Samuel Ludlow AB 
Warren Pacey AB 
C. S. Schneider AB 
Rudolph L. Schneider 
M.H.Scott AB 
C. M. Swanson AB 
Mary Davis C 
Mary Jane Olson C 
David C. Swanson C 



AB 



AB 



FRANKLIN COUNTY 



FRANKLIN COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Community Building, Benton 
Registration: 6815 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2202 
Personnel : 

Edward H. Bourland M 

John R. Brown M 

Edgar S. Dillon M 

G. B. Dollins M 

Dr. H. M. Fry M 

L. 0. Harrison M 

Henry McCann M 

James Ransome Phillips M 

Raymond W. Simpson M 

Grover Webb M 

Evan E. Wilderman M 

B. W. Eovaldi GA 

Dr. G. C. Buntin XP 



Dr. James T. Donosky XP 
Dr. M. M. Fowler XP 
Dr. L. H. Kaplan XP 
Dr. G. G. Moore XP 
Dr. Lawrence M. Moore XP 
Dr. R. D. Shafer XP 
Dr. C. N. Stilley XD 
Carter Harrison RC 
Thurlow G. Lewis RC 
Alliegene Hungate C 
Beulah Johnson C 
Nellie Pennington C 
Dewey Saunders C 



(Continued) 



415 



FRANKLIN COUNTY— Continued 



FRANKLIN COUNTY No. 2 

Location: 128 West Main Street, West Frankfort 

Registration: 5909 

Men furnished to armed forces : 2051 

Personnel: 



George P. Baggott M 

Luther Burpo M 

Vallie Flack M 

C.N.Logan M 

Dr. N. J. McCollum M 

Hubert E. Nunn M 

Homer E. Roman M 

Frank Russell M 

Asa Sharpe M 

Robert N. Smith M 

H.B.Wilkinson M 

Frank E. Trobaugh GA 

Dr. C. H. Eldridge XP 

Dr. J. J. Ellis XP 

Dr. Andrew F. Barnett XP 



Dr. William T. Harsha XP 
Dr. W. L. Johnson XP 
Dr. T.A.Jones XP 
Dr. C. E. Koons XP 
Dr. C. 0. Lane XP 
Dr. W. R. Tweedy XP 
Dr. Byford Webb XP 
Dr. W. S. Rains XD 
Walter W. Dimmick RC 
Edward T. Harris, Sr. RC 
James C. Randolph RC 
Ola Henley C 
Lena Lasak C 
Wilma Lois Summers C 



Stephen E. Brondos 
Myron E. Clem 
George E. Dodd 
William G. Eovaldi 
Uel Fox 
H. M. Hart 
W. B. Johnson 
Thomas J. Layman 



Advisory Board Members for Franklin County 

Everett Lewis 
Wayne T. Lewis 
E. A. Mcintosh 
Dewey McKissick 
Max Mitchell 
H. E. Morgan 
C. L. Phifer 
R. E. Smith 



FULTON COUNTY 



FULTON COUNTY No. 1 

Location: 20 West Elm Street, Canton 
Registration: 6102 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1815 
Personnel : 

Forest L. Boden M 
J. Otis Boo M 
David McKay M 
Ernest R. Reeder M 
Earl C. Vittum M 
James F. Scott GA 
G. Ray Senift GA 
Dr. Mark S. Nelson XP 
Dr. P. D. Reinertsen XP 
Dr. H. M. Schwerer XP 



Dr. A. R.Welch XP 
Dr. J. W.Welch XP 
Dr. L. J. Lefebure XD 
Keith C. Perkins RC 
Claude H. Seaton RC 
Vernon C. Huffman C 
Dorothy E. Calder C 
VelmaC. Hukill C 
Imogene C. Lewis C 



(Continued I 



416 



FULTON COUNTY— Continued 

FULTON COUNTY No. 2 

Location : Federal Building, Lewistown 

Registration: 4725 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1257 

Personnel: 

George R. Barton M 

Jack Bath M 

M.B.Boyd M 

J. E. Callans M 

Dr. Don F. Dickson M 

Paul J. McNally M 

Abe Paul Werbner M 

Clyde West M 

Frederick 0. Mercer GA 



Dr. Harry T. Baxter XP 
Dr. William H. Belts XP 
Dr. Marcus A. Quinones XP 
Dr. E. T. Blocher XD 
Dr. L. A. Lynch XD 
H. M. Barron RC 
Doyle Miller RC 
Phyllis Johnson C 
V. Pauline Oaks C 



Advisory Board Members for Fulton County 

H. S. Boyd Glenn Ratcliff 

Paul Green well Bernard H. Taylor 

Bernard Maxwell Joseph Toohill 

Floyd F. Putnam E. L. Weber 



GALLATIN COUNTY 



GALLATIN COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Ridgway 

Registration: 2828 

Men furnished to armed forces , 

Personnel : 

Ivan B. Greene M 
Clarence N. Hall M 
Benjamin Kinsall M 
Jesse C. Ramsey M 
William Edgar Talbott M 
Clyde D. Turner M 
Joe Wisehart M 
Marsh Wisehart M 
James W. Karber GA 
Dr. E. A. Green XP 
Dr. G. R. Johnson XP 
Dr. P. B. Komasa XP 



938 



Dr. J. C. Murphy XP 
J. T. Colnon RC 
Elgin C. Spivey RC 
Joseph L. Bartley AB 
B. E. Bieker AB 
Thomas H. Daily AB 
William L. Ford AB 
GuyE. Malin AB 
Harm J. Meyer AB 
Chester Barnum C 
Phyllis J. Jackson C 
Dortha E. Kester C 



417 



GREENE COUNTY 



GREENE COUNTY No. 1 

Location: 301 West 6th Street, Carrollton 
Registration: 4444 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1343 
Personnel : 

Verne J. Allen M 

Charles V. Arnold M 

Olen J. Bott M 

Damon W. Driver M 

William Otis Harp M 

George Geers M 

Charles T. Meek M 

Gilbert K. Hutchens GA 

Dr. A. K. Baldwin XP 

Dr. C. A. Billings XP 

Dr. Nathaniel J. Bucklin XP 

Dr. Charles O. Bulger XP 

Dr. Paul Dailey XP 

Dr. William H. Garrison XP 

Dr. F. N. McLaren XP 

Dr. S.F.March XP 

Dr. Donion Rudolph Martin XP 

Dr. Robert Piper XP 

Dr. A. T. Robertson XP 

Dr. H.W.Smith XP 

Dr. W. T. Stickley XP 

Dr. W. F. Waggoner XP 

Dr. A. D. Wilson XP 

Dr. L. A. Rawlins XD 

Dr. A. C. Rich XD 

Dr. F. L. Walter XD 



Dewey A. Maholland RC 
Sidney E. Simpson RC 
Keith K. Angle AB 
Richard C. Bell AB 
Von Allan Carlisle AB 
A. L. Clark AB 
Leslie R. Forrester AB 
W. C. Giller, Jr. AB 
Leroy T. Hopkins AB 
James W. Howard AB 
Julian Hutchens AB 
Joseph Lyman AB 
John R. McConathy AB 
Jack McDonald AB 
William B. Martin AB 
L. A. Mehrhoff AB 
Carson T. Metcalf AB 
Fred Pewter AB 
C. L. Powell AB 
Thomas G. Roady AB 
J. Russell Shields AB 
John Singleton AB 
William G. Vogt AB 
George L. Berry C 
Dorothy Thien C 
Helen Willen C 



GRUNDY COUNTY 



GRUNDY COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Post Office Building, Morris 

Registration: 4931 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1372 

Personnel : 

Nelson W. Campbell M 

Wendell Fletcher Dirst M 

Wayne Misener M 

George E. Trotter M 

Robert H. Walsh M 

Dr. Roscoe Whitman M 

S. J. Holderman GA 

David F. Root GA 

Frank W. Young GA 

Dr. F. C. Bowker XP 

Dr. W. F. Breisch XP 

Dr. J. B. Larsen XP 

Dr. A. D. Costello XD 

John J. Black RC 

William S. Brown RC 



August B. Black AB 
George Bedford AB 
Warren E. Bull AB 
Thomas B. Dunn AB 
Erwin C. Godfrey AB 
William Hynds AB 
Frank E. Monson AB 
Arley Munts AB 
William G. Peacock AB 
L. W. Simrall AB 
H.B.Smith AB 
U.G.Taylor AB 
Shirley S. Heap C 
Bernice Hegen C 
Le\ i C. Robinson C 



418 



HAMILTON COUNTY 



HAMILTON COUNTY No. 1 

Location: Post Office Building, McLeansboro 

Registration: 3220 

Men furnished to armed forces : 1132 

Personnel : 

Laban E. Cross M 

Whitson W. Daily M 

Guy M. Farlow M 

A.G.Fiedler M 

Orville Kennedy M 

Herbert N. Witter M 

W.N.Wright M 

Frank Bonan GA 

Mastin E. Buck GA 

Dr. E.S.Hall XP 

Dr. Joseph C. Vickers XP 

Dr. Ralph Hall XD 

Dr.W. A. Tevis XD 

Frank S. Glenn RC 

Fred W. Underwood RC 

L. L.Aydt AB 

H. E. Barker AB 



U. B. Barnett AB 
Harry A. Barter AB 
Maurice E. Clark AB 
John D. Daily AB 
Lee Donelson AB 
Owen C. Goin AB 
George W. Hogan, Jr. AB 
Charles Hutchcraft AB 
Robert R. Johnson AB 
Edwin T. Jones AB 
Byron E. Lasswell AB 
Heber Pitman AB 
Ralph Prince AB 
Ira J. Spangler AB 
William B. Stephens AB 
David J. Underwood AB 
Martin L. Hunt, Jr. C 



HANCOCK COUNTY 



HANCOCK COUNTY No. 1 

Location: County Court House, Carthage 

Registration: 5521 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1476 

Personnel: 

Paul 0. Botts M 

Hamill R. Graham M 

Edward A. Kane M 

Lewis Omer M 

Frank J. Sheridan M 

Harry R. Upp M 

Carl A. Wilkens M 

Earl N.Bell GA 

James L. Garretson GA 

Edward S. Martin GA 

Dr. Earl Cooper XP 

Dr. J. B. Dierker XP 

Dr. H. R. Folckemer XP 

Dr. B. C. Kappmeyer XP 

Dr. Blair Kelly XP 

Dr. Fred A. Kennedy XP 

Dr. R. R. Loomis XP 

Dr. B. I. Mueller XP 

Dr. Herman Rothert XP 

Dr. O. R. Zunkel XP 

Dr. R. W. McLellan XD 

Dr. Kenneth J. Mosley XD 

Leon G. Easum RC 

ArloW.Kunkel RC 



William S. Angell AB 
J. Arthur Baird AB 
D.S.Coffey AB 
Harry Conwell AB 
Lester E. Foote AB 
Katherine Forsythe AB 
John W. Gorby, Jr. AB 
G. C. Guthrie AB 
William H. Damron AB 
Clyde P. Johnson AB 
Edith Lambert AB 
Frank Larner AB 
0. C. McCartney AB 
John A. Mead AB 
Apollos W. O'Harra AB 
Clifton J. O'Harra AB 
Emily C. Pennock AB 
Mabel Roeth AB 
Evelyn H. Schulz AB 
Clifford W. Warner AB 
William H. Bower C 
Flossie Cannon C 
Fern M. Smith C 
Norma J. Williams C 



419 



HARDIN COUNTY 



HARDIN COUNTY No. 1 

Location: County Court House, Elizabethtown 
Registration : 2236 
Men furnished to armed forces : 650 
Personnel : 



Walter S. Barnard M 
Claude D. Capron M 
Warford T. Henry M 
Sebastian E. Herl M 
James A. Hunter M 
C. H. Jackson M 
Otis Lamar M 
Fred McDowell M 
Willard B. Pell M 
T. Henry Warford M 
C.E. Soward GA 
James A. Watson GA 
Dr. F. 0. Anderson XP 
Dr. J. R. DeVelling XP 
Dr. S. D. Hancock XP 
Dr.W.H. Birch XD 
Cylde Flynn RC 
EarlR.Kibler RC 
Ray Burklow AB 
J. L. Cadden AB 
Wiley Cochran AB 
Mary Dusch AB 
Ross V. Frayer AB 



Carson Fritz AB 
Gladys W. Galloway AB 
Fred Gintert AB 
Ezra Glenn AB 
James G. Gullett AB 
Guy Hale AB 
Luda Hancock AB 
C.C.Kerr AB 
Mildred Kerr AB 
Grace Kenney AB 
Milton Lewis AB 
Yeatman Northen AB 
Lowell Oxford AB 
Ida Louise Patton AB 
Orval Patton AB 
Orris Spivey AB 
Richard F. Taylor AB 
James M.Todd AB 
Roy Travis AB 
Laura Watson AB 
E. F. Walters AB 
Alice Frayser C 
Lewis T. Rash C 



HENDERSON COUNTY 



HENDERSON COUNTY No. 1 
Location : Oquawka 
Registration: 2075 
Men furnished to armed forces: 423 
Personnel : 

James B. Alecock M 

Lee J. Allaman M 

John H. Arnold M 

Charles E. Fort M 

J. W. Gabby M 

Charles F. Heisler M 

Alfred G. Noble M 

Harold H. Schweitzer M 

Earl Knox GA 

Dr. A. W. Lovene XP 

Dr. E.T. Swan XP 

Dr. Cara D. Campbell XD 

Elbert J. Bricker RC 



E. G. Burkett RC 
J.P.Brooks AB 
Kenneth Ditto AB 
Louie E. Dixon AB 
Raamah Farquhar AB 
Lyle Graham AB 
Earle A. Kloster AB 
Peter J. McKay AB 
Wade Meloan AB 
M. E. Nolan AB 
Wayne Perrine AB 
John P. Edmunds C 



420 



HENRY COUNTY 



HENRY COUNTY No. 1 
Location: Parkside Hotel, Kewanee 
Registration : 5893 
Men furnished to armed forces: 1560 
Personnel : 

Albert E. Bergland M 

Harry D. Cherry M 

Robert P. Hatcher M 

Harold T. Hawthorne M 

George F. Hayes M 

George Keim M 

Tom H. McConnell M 

W. R. Tracy M 

Gregg A. Young GA 

Dr. J. F. Beyerle XP 

Dr. J. T. Boswell XP 

Dr. T. B. Carney XP 

Dr. Charles A. Coffin XP 

Dr. C. R. Fortier XP 

Dr. G. H. Hoffman XP 

Dr. P. J. McDermott XP 

Dr. D.E.Meier XP 



Dr. Wm. Roan Smith XP 
Dr. R. H. Stewart XP 
Dr. P. J. Timmons XP 
Dr. C. P. White XP 
Dr. Leo Burcky XD 
Dr. F. P. Gleeson XD 
Dr. P. A. Helmer XD 
Dr. G. G. Lesemann XD 
Dr. D. E. Taft XD 
DeWitt Lomas RC 
Gale H. Overbaugh RC 
R. F. Powers RC 
Frederick F. Smith RC 
Frank Wiggins RC 
Ferae Allen Cox C 
Shirley M. Kays C 



HENRY COUNTY No. 2 

Location: County Court House, Cambridge 

Registration: 4669 

Men furnished to armed forces : 902 

Personnel : 

Victor F. Boltenstern M 

August C. DeSutter M 

James E. McCafferty M 

Carl A. Melin M 

Joseph L. Shaw M 

Erman A. King GA 

Dr. P. J. Doering XP 

Dr. Ward B. Manchester XP 

Dr. Albert I. Mathre XP 

Dr. John H. Murphy XP 

Dr. W. A. Potter XP 

Dr. Wilbur F. Spencer XP 

Dr. C. L. Watters XP 



Dr. A. W. Wellstein XP 
Dr. J. E. Westerlund XP 
Dr. Worling R. Young XP 
Dr. Kenneth Johnson XD 
Dr. Elbert W. King XD 
Dr. George L. Wood XD 
Byron L. Pierce RC 
Raymond L. Raser RC 
Frank H. Rumler RC 
James H. White RC 
Helen Combs C 
Jean T. Johnson C 
Mildred B. Powers C 



Advisory Board 

William J. Curtis 
Charles G. Davis 
Reynolds M. Everett 
William C. Ewan 
Edwin J. Faull 
James R. Freddy 
Bartlett S. Gray 
R. T. Gustus 
Floyd B. Hadley 
Edward F. Keller 



Members for Henry County 

Phineas Morrow 
Charles E. Mulligan 
Carlyle A. Peterson 
Leonard D. Quinn 
Thomas H. Taylor 
Sam W. Timson 
Glenn K. Tracy 
Thomas J. Welch 
Edwin S. Woehr 



421 



IROQUOIS COUNTY 



IROQUOIS COUNTY No. 1 

Location : Kay Building, Watseka 

Registration: 3898 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1112 

Personnel: 

Henry W. Beardslee M 
Harold K. Francis M 
Charles W. Hofmeister M 
Ollie E. McCarty M 
Dr. R. D. Short M 
Robert F. Goodyear GA 
John P. Pallissard GA 
Dr. Roy A. Buckner XP 
Dr. Wiliam F. Buckner XP 



Dr. C. H. Dowsett XP 
Dr. A. W. Fordyce XP 
Dr. A. D. Schneider XP 
Dr. W. H. Whitsitt XP 
Dr. 0. B. Schaller XD 
Dominic E. Lynch RC 
Julius Sapiro RC 
Beulah N. Stone C 
Charles H. Warnock C 



IROQUOIS COUNTY No. 2 

Location : Kay Building, Watseka 

Registration: 3909 

Men furnished to armed forces: 1027 

Personnel: 

Chauncey L. Booth M 
Harold Geiger M 
Samuel J. Lober M 
Walter G. McEwan M 
Lawrence J. Martin M 
John A. Wisner M 
Claude N. Saum GA 
J. W. Thomason GA 
Dr. H. C. Andrews XP 
Dr. George W. I. Bard XP 
Dr. Ryland Buckner XP 
Dr. Raymond F. Donovan XP 
Dr. Arthur M. Everhart XP 
Dr. Norman 0. Hungness XP 
Dr. Fred A. Johnson XP 



Dr. Lorrell E. Massman XP 
Dr. C. S. Montgomery XP 
Dr. Earl L. Roberts XP 
Dr. J. M. Roberts XP 
Dr. William R. Roberts XP 
Dr. G.W.Ross XP 
Dr. Marvin F. Weissman XP 
Dr. Glen E. Clark XD 
Dr. Edward